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Chapter 2 Quiz Key

1. Which of the following statements correctly describes the meaning of the trait theory of leadership?
A. Certain personal characteristics and skills contribute to leadership effectiveness in many situations
B. Leaders born with a specific set of skills are automatically effective leaders
C. Leaders use a prescribed set of personal characteristics in all situations
D. Leaders have to be of a certain age to be considered effective leaders

2. A leader using the personality trait of humility would _____.


A. insult the group performance, including that of their own
B. put group members in the limelight, rather than themselves
C. make forecasts about the group not making standards
D. ask the group to lead itself so he or she can do analytical work

3. Having an understanding of personality traits can assist leaders because _____.


A. traits often predict who will be an effective leader
B. traits determine how people behave
C. some traits are consistently associated with leadership
D. traits are easier to learn than abilities or skills

4. Which of the following actions on the part of a leader would most likely contribute to a reputation of
trustworthiness?
A. Being highly diplomatic so as not to offend anyone.
B. Making his or her behavior inconsistent with his or her intentions.
C. Behaving in a manner differently than he or she expects others to behave.
D. Doing what he or she thinks is right in spite of the political consequences.

5. An authentic leader would most likely _____.


A. be themselves more than attempting to be someone else
B. engage in excessive organizational politics
C. imitate the behavior of the company CEO
D. expect more of workers than himself or herself
6. A leaders achievement motive refers to _____.
A. a desire to surpass productivity quotas
B. finding joy in accomplishment for its own sake
C. putting high energy into achieving work goals
D. sustaining a high level of energy for work

7. Tenacity is considered to be an important leadership characteristic because _____.


A. leaders have such limited power over group members
B. it requires tenacity to keep a job during an era of downsizing
C. it often takes so long to implement a new program
D. leaders are so often under attack from group members

8. Knowledge of the business as a leadership characteristic is closely related to the leadership trait of _____.
A. tenacity
B. creativity
C. cognitive ability
D. drive and motivation

9. Leadership effectiveness tends to be higher when the leaders intelligence is _____.


A. a little higher than that of the average group member
B. about the same as that of the average group member
C. considerably higher than that of the average group member
D. considerably lower than that of the average group member

10. An important strength of the trait approach to leadership is that it _____.


A. specifies how much of a given trait is important for leadership
B. specifies which traits are needed for leadership in a given situation
C. can help with leadership selection and development
D. helps in analyzing the situational demands

1. Leaders who have the right stuff have _____.


A. the necessary traits and characteristics to lead effectively
B. made the right connections to become leaders
C. intellectual characteristics associated with effective leadership
D. inborn charismatic behaviors
2. The ability to do such things as understand ones feelings, have empathy for others, and regulate ones
emotions to enhance ones quality of life is known as _____.
A. personality
B. emotional intelligence
C. creativity
D. intelligence

3. The thought that leaders are born rather than made is a component of which approach to leadership?
A. Contingency
B. Behavioral
C. Trait
D. Theory

4. One persons confidence in another individuals intentions and motives is known as _____.
A. humility
B. self-confidence
C. dedication
D. trustworthiness

5. Which general personality trait of leadership is most consistently associated with and strongly related to
transformational leadership?
A. Extraversion
B. Loyalty
C. Self-Confidence
D. Humility

6. Being forthright in expressing demands, opinions, feelings, and attitudes is known as _____.
A. self-confidence
B. authenticity
C. assertiveness
D. awareness

7. A task-related personality trait associated with interpersonal skills of being able to communicate clearly and
convincingly, disarm conflicts, and build strong personal bonds is known as _____.
A. reverse management
B. self-confidence
C. reward management
D. relationship management
8. Problem-solving and intellectual skills are referred to collectively as _____.
A. cognitive factors
B. collective factors
C. personality factors
D. leadership factors

9. The ability to understand the long-range implications of actions and policies is known as _____.
A. nearsightedness
B. farsightedness
C. closesightedness
D. widesightedness

10. A leader focused on using power primarily to achieve organizational goals or a vision has a _____ power
motive.
A. personalized
B. ethical
C. socialized
D. individualized

1. Characteristics associated with leadership can be classified into three broad categories, including:
A. Personality Traits, Cognitive Factors, & Heredity
B. Cognitive Factors, Heredity, & Motives
C. Cognitive Factors, Motives, & Heredity
D. Personality Traits, Motives, & Cognitive Factors

2. Which of the following best describes General Personality Traits?


A. General personality traits are related to task accomplishment.
B. General personality traits are related to success and satisfaction in both work and personal life.
C. General personality traits are related to social networking.
D. General personality traits are related to satisfaction only in personal lives.

3. Which leadership motive reflects the leader seeking power to further their own interests?
A. Tenacity motive
B. Power motive
C. Drive & achievement motive
D. Strong work ethic motive
4. Self-confidence is an important leadership characteristic _____.
A. primarily among executives
B. primarily among supervisors
C. in almost every leadership setting
D. for male leaders more than female leaders

5. A leader with an internal locus of control _____.


A. is often low in self-confidence
B. is often interpreted by group members as being weak
C. sees environmental factors as causing most events
D. takes responsibility for events happening

6. A hands-on, deeply engaged leader is most likely to be strong on which one of the folllowing traits or
characteristics?
A. Knowledge of the business
B. Emotional supportiveness
C. Humility
D. Sense of humor

7. Emotional intelligence tends to _____.


A. peak at an early career stage
B. be closely associated with technical skill
C. improve with experience
D. decrease substantially during middle age

8. Passion for their work and the people involved is a task-related personality trait most noted in _____ leaders.
A. emotional
B. expressive
C. entrepreneurial
D. executive

9. The leadership trait involving imaginative and original solutions to complex problems is known as_____.
A. cognitiveness
B. creativity
C. conscientiousness
D. cohesiveness
10. Which contributes more to leadership effectiveness, heredity or the environment?
A. Leaders are born, and therefore heredity is the appropriate answer.
B. Leaders are made and molded, and therefore environment is the appropriate answer.
C. Leaders are both born and made, and therefore both heredity and environment are the appropriate answer.
D. Leaders are neither born nor made, and therefore neither heredity or environment are the appropriate answer.