Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2

Name: Suvaina Dana-Maria

Comparative Politics Year II

THE POLITICAL REPRESENTATION OF THE JEWISH MINORITY IN ROMANIA

1. Statistics

In 1924 there were 796,056 Jews in enlarged Rumania (5% of the total population):
– 230,000 in the Old Kingdom,
– 238,000 in Bessarabia,
– 128,056 in Bukovina, and
– 200,000 in Transylvania.

In 1930 their number was 756,930 (4.2% of the total population):


– 263,192 in the Old Kingdom,
– 206,958 in Bessarabia,
– 92,988 in Bukovina, and
– 193,000 in Transylvania.

According to 1904 statistics, 21.1% of the total number of merchants were Jews, but in some
cities of Moldavia they were a definite majority, such as in Iasi, 75.3%; Botosani, 75.2%; Dorohoi,
72.9%; Tecuci, 65.9%, etc.

Jews represented 20.07% of all artisans, and in several branches they were a majority: 81.3%
of engravers, 76% of tinsmiths; 75.9% of watchmakers; 74.6% of bookbinders; 64.9% of
hatmakers; 64.3% of upholsterers, etc.

In the Romanian industry was not advanced in Rumania before World War I. There were 625
industrial firms altogether, 19.5% of them owned by Jews. Jews were 5.3% of the officials and
workers in these industrial enterprises. In several branches of industry there were Jewish factory
owners: 52.8% of the glass industry; 32.4% of the wood and furniture industry; 32.4% of the
clothing industry; 26.5% of the textile industry.

Of the liberal professions only medicine was permitted to Jews. They constituted 38% of the
total number of doctors. The occupational distribution of the Jews was as follows; agriculture, 2.5%;
industry and crafts, 42.5%; trade and banking, 37.9%; liberal professions, 3.2%; various
occupations, 13.7%.

In 2002 a number of 5,785 Jews were living in Romania, representing 0.02% of the total
population, mostly concentrated in Bucharest (2481), followed by the North-East of the country, with a
total number of 1003 Jews.

2. A history of the Jewish political representation

• 1919 - The Union of Rumanian Jews, led by W. Filderman, recommended that the Jews vote
for those Rumanian parties which would be favorable to them
• 1920- For the elections the Union joined the Zionists to form a list which conducted its election
campaign under the symbol of the menorah- not a single candidate succeeded in entering
parliament
• 1922- The Union managed to send Adolphe Stern to parliament through joining with the
Peasants' Party
• 1923- the Zionists pressed for a policy of a national minority status for the Jews but their
proposal was refused by the Union.
• 1926- the first National Jewish deputies and senators were elected from Bukovina,
Transylvania, and Bessarabia
• As a result to this election, the National Jewish Club, in which representatives of the Zionist
parties also participated, was founded in Bucharest
• 1928- four National Jewish deputies were returned to parliament: two from Transylvania, one
from Bukovina, and one from Bessarabia. They formed a Jewish parliamentary club.
• 1930 the Jewish Party (Partidul Evreesc) was established in the Old Kingdom and on May 4,
1931, it held its general congress
• 1931- the Jewish Party gained five seats in the Elections for the Parliament
• 1932- the Jewish Party obtained 5 seats to the Parliament
• After 1933 there were no more Jewish members of parliament, except for J. Niemirover, who in
his capacity of chief rabbi was officially a senator
At present, the Jewish minority is represented in the Romanian Parliament by the Deputy Aurel
Vainer, as representative of the Federation of Jewish Communities (F.C.E.R.).since 2004.