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ADVANCED LEVEL PROBLEMS ON CIRCLES

FOR JEE MAIN AND ADVANCED (IIT-JEE)

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P REPARED BY :
E R . V INEET L OOMBA
(B.T ECH . IIT R OORKEE )

Syllabus: CIRCLES FOR JEE MAIN AND ADVANCED (IIT-JEE)


This is an excellent set of practice problems on circles and covers below topics.
Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord.
Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a

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circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and
those of a circle and a straight line.

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STRAIGHT OBJECTIVE TPYE:

Q.1 The line 2x y + 1 = 0 is tangent to the circle at the point (2, 5) and the centre of the circles lies on
x2y=4.Theradiusofthecircleis .
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(A) 3 5 (B) 5 3 (C) 2 5 (D) 5 2
Q.2 Fourunitcirclespassthroughtheoriginandhavetheircentresonthecoordinateaxes.Theareaofthequadrilateralwhose
verticesarethepointsofintersection(inpairs)ofthecircles,is
om

(A)1sq.unit (B) 2 2 sq.units


(C)4sq.units (D)cannotbeuniquelydetermined,insufficientdata

3 3
Q.3 Towhichofthefollowingcircles,theliney x + 3=0isnormalatthepoint 3 , ?
2 2
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2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3
(A) x 3 y 9 (B) x y 9
2 2 2 2
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(C)x2+(y 3)2=9 (D)(x 3)2+y2=9


Q.4 LetCbeacirclex2+y2=1.ThelinelintersectsCatthepoint(1,0)andthepointP.Supposethattheslopeofthelinelis
arationalnumberm.NumberofchoicesformforwhichboththecoordinatesofParerational,is
ne

(A)3 (B)4 (C)5 (D)infinitelymany


Q.5 Threeconcentriccirclesofwhichthebiggestisx2+y2=1,havetheirradiiinA.P.Iftheliney=x+1cutsallthecirclesin
realanddistinctpoints.TheintervalinwhichthecommondifferenceoftheA.P.willlieis

1 2 2
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1
(A) 0, (B) 0, (C) 0, (D)none
4 2 2 4

Q.6 In the xy-plane, the length of the shortest path from (0, 0) to (12, 16) that does not go inside the circle
(x6)2+(y8)2=25is
5
(A)10 3 (B) 10 5 (C) 10 3 + (D)10+5
3

Prepared By:
Er. Vineet Loomba (IIT Roorkee)
Class (XI) 2
Q.7 Ifacircleofconstantradius3kpassesthroughtheorigin'O'andmeetsco-ordinateaxesatAandBthenthelocusofthe
centroidofthetriangleOABis
(A)x2+y2=(2k)2 (B)x2+y2=(3k)2 (C)x2+y2=(4k)2 (D)x2+y2=(6k)2
Q.8 TriangleABCisrightangledatA.ThecirclewithcentreAandradiusABcutsBCandACinternallyatDandErespectively.
IfBD=20andDC=16thenthelengthACequals
(A) 6 21 (B) 6 26 (C)30 (D)32

Q.9 Avariablelinemovesinsuchwaythattheproductoftheperpendicularsfrom(a,0)and(0,0)isequaltok2.Thelocusofthe
feetoftheperpendicularfrom(0,0)uponthevariablelineisacircle,thesquareofwhoseradiusis(Given:|a|<2|k|)

a2 a2 k2 k2 a2 k2
(A) k2 (B) (C)a2+ (D)
4 4 4 2
Q.10 Thepoints(x1,y1) ,(x2,y2) ,(x1,y2)and(x2,y1)arealways:
(A)collinear (B)concyclic
(C)verticesofasquare (D)verticesofarhombus
Q.11 LetCbethecircleofradiusunitycentredattheorigin.Iftwopositivenumbersx1andx2aresuchthatthelinepassing

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through(x1,1)and(x2,1)istangenttoCthen
(A)x1x2=1 (B)x1x2=1 (C)x1+x2=1 (D)4x1x2=1
Q.12 Tangentsaredrawnfromanypointonthecirclex2 +y2 =R2 tothecirclex2 +y2 =r2.Ifthelinejoiningthepointsof

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intersectionofthesetangentswiththefirstcirclealsotouchthesecond,thenRequals
2r 4r
(A) 2r (B)2r (C) (D)
2 3 3 5
Q.13
.
Thelocusofthemiddlepointsofthesystemofchordsofthecirclex + y=16whichareparalleltotheline2y=4x+5
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is
(A)x=2y (B)x+2y=0 (C)y+2x=0 (D)y=2x
Q.14 The locus of the center of the circles such that the point (2 , 3) is the mid point of the chord
5x + 2y=16is
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(A)2x 5y+11=0 (B)2x + 5y 11=0 (C)2x + 5y + 11=0 (D)none


Q.15 ThepointsA (a ,0) , B(0 ,b) , C(c , 0)andD (0 ,d)aresuchthatac=bdanda,b,c,dareallnon-zero.Thenthepoints
(A)formaparallelogram (B)donotlieonacircle
(C)formatrapezium (D)areconcyclic
Q.16 IftheanglebetweenthetangentsdrawnfromPtothecirclex2+y2+4x6y+9sin2 +13cos2=0is2,thenthelocus
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ofPis
(A)x2+y2+4x6y+14=0 (B)x2+y2+4x6y9=0
2 2
(C)x +y +4x6y4=0 (D)x2+y2+4x6y+9=0
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Q.17 The locusof the midpointsofthe chordsofthecirclex + y + 4x 6y 12=0whichsubtendanangleof radiansat
3
itscircumferenceis:
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(A)(x 2)+(y+3)=6.25 (B)(x+2)+(y 3)=6.25


(C)(x+2)+(y 3)=18.75 (D)(x+2)+(y+3)=18.75
Q.18 Acircleofradiusunityiscentredatorigin.Twoparticlesstartmovingatthesametimefromthepoint(1,0)andmovearound
thecircleinoppositedirection.Oneoftheparticlemovescounterclockwisewithconstantspeedvandtheothermoves
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clockwisewithconstantspeed3v.Afterleaving(1,0),thetwoparticlesmeetfirstatapointP,andcontinueuntiltheymeet
nextatpointQ.ThecoordinatesofthepointQare
(A)(1,0) (B)(0,1) (C)(0,1) (D)(1,0)
Q.19 Thevalueof'c'forwhichtheset,{(x,y)x2+y2+2x1} {(x,y)xy+c0}containsonlyonepointincommon
is:
(A)(,1][3,) (B){1,3}

(C){ 3} (D){ 1}
Q.20 Astraightlinel1withequationx2y+10=0meetsthecirclewithequationx2+y2=100atBinthefirstquadrant.Aline

Prepared By:
Er. Vineet Loomba (IIT Roorkee)
Jupiter (XI) 3
throughB,perpendiculartol1cutsthey-axisatP(0,t).Thevalueof't'is
(A)12 (B)15 (C)20 (D)25
Q.21 Thelocusofthecentreofcirclewhichtouchesexternallythecirclex2+y26x6y+14=0andalsotouchesthey-axisis
(A)x26x10y+14=0 (B)x210x6y+14=0
(C)y26x10y+14=0 (D)y210x6y+14=0
Q.22 Acircleofconstantradius' a 'passesthroughorigin' O 'andcutstheaxesofcoordinatesinpointsPandQ,thenthe
equationofthelocusofthefootofperpendicularfromOtoPQis:


(A)(x2+y2) 12 12 =4 a2 (B)(x2+y2)2
1 1 =a2
x y x2 y2

(C)(x2+y2)2
1 1 = 4 a2
(D)(x2+y2) 12 12 =a2
x2 y2 x y
Q.23 Acircleisdrawntouchingthexaxisandcentreatthepointwhichisthereflectionof
(a,b)inthelineyx=0.Theequationofthecircleis
(A)x2+y2 2bx2ay+a2=0 (B)x2+y2 2bx2ay+b2=0
2 2
(C)x +y 2ax2by+b =02 (D)x2+y2 2ax2by+a2=0

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Q.24 A(1,0)andB(0,1)aretwofixedpointsonthecirclex2+y2=1.Cisavariablepointonthiscircle.AsCmoves,thelocus
oftheorthocentreofthetriangleABCis
(A)x2+y22x2y+1=0 (B)x2+y2xy=0

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(C)x2+y2=4 (D)x2+y2+2x2y+1=0
Q.25 Alinemeetstheco-ordinateaxesinAandB.AcircleiscircumscribedaboutthetriangleOAB.Ifd1andd2arethedistances
ofthetangenttothecircleattheoriginOfromthepointsAandBrespectively,thediameterofthecircleis:

2d1 d 2 d1 2d 2 d1d 2
(A)
2
(B)
2
.
(C)d1+d2 (D)
d1 d 2
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Q.26 ABisadiameterofacircleandCisanypointonthecircumferenceofthe
C
circle.Then
(A)AreaofABCismaximumwhenitisisosceles.
(B)AreaofABCisminimumwhenitisisosceles.
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A D
(C)PerimeterofABCisminimumwhenitisisosceles.
(D)None
Q.27 InarighttriangleABC,rightangledatA,onthelegACasdiameter,asemicircleisdescribed.ThechordjoiningAwiththepoint
ofintersectionDofthehypotenuseandthesemicircle,thenthelengthACequalsto
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AB AD AB AD AB AD
(A) (B) (C) AB AD (D)
2
AB AD 2
AB AD AB2 AD2
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Q.28 AvariablecircleChastheequation
x2+y22(t23t+1)x2(t2+2t)y+t=0,wheretisaparameter.
IfthepowerofpointP(a,b)w.r.t.thecircleCisconstantthentheorderedpair(a,b)is
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1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
(A) , (B) , (C) , (D) ,
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Q.29 BandCarefixedpointshavingcoordinates(3,0)and( 3,0)respectively.IftheverticalangleBACis90,thenthelocus
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ofthecentroidoftheABChastheequation:
(A)x2+y2=1 (B)x2+y2=2 (C)9 (x2+y2)=1 (D)9 (x2+y2)=4

5
Q.30 Thenumberoftangentsthatcanbedrawnfromthepoint
,1 tothecirclepassingthroughthepoints 1, 3 , 1, 3
2


and 3, 3 is
(A)1 (B)0 (C)2 (D)None

Prepared By:
Er. Vineet Loomba (IIT Roorkee)
Jupiter (XI) 4
Q.31 2 2 2 2
Ifthecirclesx +y +2ax+cy+a=0andx +y 3ax+dy1=0intersectintwodistinctpointsPandQthentheline5x
+bya=0passesthroughPandQfor
(A)exactlyonevalueofa (B)novalueofa
(C)infinitelymanyvaluesofa (D)exactlytwovaluesofa
Q.32 Thecirclewithequationx2+y2=1intersectstheliney=7x+5attwodistinctpointsAandB.LetCbethepointatwhich
thepositivex-axisintersectsthecircle.TheangleACBis

4 3 3
(A)tan1 (B)tan1 (C)tan1(1) (D)tan1
3 4 2
Q.33 Thenumberofcommontangentsofthecircles(x + 2)+(y2)=49and
(x 2)+(y+1)=4is
(A)0 (B)1 (C)2 (D)3

Q.34 The equation of a line inclined at an angle to the axis X, such that the two circles
4
x2+y2=4,x2+y210x14y+65=0interceptequallengthsonit,is
(A)2x2y3=0 (B)2x2y+3=0 (C)xy+6=0 (D)xy6=0

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Q.35 Ifx=3isthechordofcontactofthecirclex2 y2=81,thentheequationofthecorrespondingpairoftangents,is
(A)x2 8y2+54x+729=0 (B)x2 8y2 54x+729=0
2 2
(C)x 8y 54x729=0 (D)x2 8y2=729

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Q.36 LetC1andC2arecirclesdefinedbyx2+y220x+64=0andx2+y2+30x+144=0.
ThelengthoftheshortestlinesegmentPQthatistangenttoC1atPandtoC2atQis
(A)15 (B)18 (C)20 (D)24
Q.37 Ifthestraightliney=mxisoutsidethecirclex2+y220y+90=0,then
(A)m>3 (B)m<3 .
(C)|m|>3 (D)|m|<3
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Q.38 Thecentreofthesmallestcircletouchingthecirclesx2+y2 2y 3=0and
x2+y2 8x 18y+93=0is
(A)(3 ,2) (B)(4 ,4) (C)(2 ,7) (D)(2 ,5)
Q.39 SupposethattwocirclesC1andC2inaplanehavenopointsincommon.Then
om

(A)thereisnolinetangenttobothC1andC2.
(B)thereareexactlyfourlinestangenttobothC1andC2.
(C)therearenolinestangenttobothC1andC2orthereareexactlytwolinestangenttobothC1andC2.
(D)therearenolinestangenttobothC1andC2orthereareexactlyfourlinestangenttobothC1andC2.
Q.40 Theshortestdistancefromtheline3x+4y=25tothecirclex2+y2=6x8yisequalto
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(A)7/5 (B)9/5 (C)11/5 (D)32/5


Q.41 IfthecircleC1:x2+y2=16intersectsanothercircleC2ofradius5insuchamannerthatthecommonchordisof
maximumlengthandhasaslopeequalto3/4,thentheco-ordinatesofthecentreofC2are
et

9 12 9 12 12 9 12 9
(A) , (B) , (C) , (D) ,
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
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Q.42 Thedistancebetweenthechordsofcontactoftangentstothecirclex2+ y2+ 2gx + 2fy+c=0fromtheoriginandthepoint


(g,f)is

g2 f 2 c g2 f 2 c g2 f 2 c
(A) g2 f 2 (B) (C) (D)
2 2 g2 f 2
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2 g2 f 2

Q.43 The locus of the centers of the circles which cut the circles x 2 + y2 + 4x 6y + 9 = 0 and
x2+ y2 5x + 4y 2=0orthogonallyis:
(A)9x + 10y 7=0 (B)x y + 2=0 (C)9x 10y + 11=0 (D)9x + 10y + 7=0
Q.44 Iftwodistinctchords,drawnfromthepoint(p,q)onthecirclex2+y2=px+qy,wherepq0,arebisectedbythex-axis,then
(A)p2=q2 (B)p2=8q2 (C)p2<9q2 (D)p2>8q2
Q.45 Theangleatwhichthecircles(x1)2+y2=10andx2+(y2)2=5intersectis

Prepared By:
Er. Vineet Loomba (IIT Roorkee)
Jupiter (XI) 5

(A) (B) (C) (D)
6 4 3 2
Q.46 Locus of the middle points of a system of parallel chords with slope 2, of the circle
x2+y24x2y4=0,hastheequation
(A)x+2y4=0 (B)x2y=0 (C)2xy3=0 (D)2x+y5=0

1 1 1 1
Q.47 If a , , b , , c , and d , are four distinct points on a circle of radius 4 units then,
a b c d
abcdisequalto
(A)4 (B)1/4 (C)1 (D)16
Q.48 TheradicalcentreofthreecirclestakeninpairsdescribedonthesidesofatriangleABCasdiametresisthe:
(A)centroidoftheABC (B)incentreoftheABC
(C)circumcentreotheABC (D)orthocentreoftheABC
Q.49 Twocirclesaredrawnthroughthepoints(1,0)and(2, 1)totouchtheaxisofy.Theyintersectatanangle
3 4
(A)cot1 (B)cos 1 (D)tan11

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(C)
4 5 2
Q.50 Afootofthenormalfromthepoint(4,3)toacircleis(2,1)andadiameterofthecirclehastheequation2xy2=0.Then
theequationofthecircleis

co
(A)x2+y24y+2=0 (B)x2+y24y+1=0
2 2
(C)x +y 2x1=0 (D)x2+y22x+1=0

.
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Prepared By:
Er. Vineet Loomba (IIT Roorkee)
Jupiter (XI) 6

ANSWER KEY

Q.1 A Q.2 C Q.3 D Q.4 D Q.5 C


Q.6 C Q.7 A Q.8 B Q.9 A Q.10 B
Q.11 A Q.12 B Q.13 B Q.14 A Q.15 D
Q.16 D Q.17 B Q.18 D Q.19 D Q.20 C
Q.21 D Q.22 C Q.23 B Q.24 A Q.25 C
Q.26 A Q.27 D Q.28 B Q.29 A Q.30 B
Q.31 B Q.32 C Q.33 B Q.34 A Q.35 B
Q.36 C Q.37 D Q.38 D Q.39 D Q.40 A
Q.41 B Q.42 C Q.43 C Q.44 D Q.45 B
Q.46 A Q.47 C Q.48 D Q.49 A Q.50 C

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Prepared By:
Er. Vineet Loomba (IIT Roorkee)