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Iv. EVIDENCE (Rules 128-134) A. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATION 1, Definition/Meaning and Scope of E. 2. Kinds and Classifications of E. 3. Axioms of Admissibility a. Relevancy b. el 4. Kinds of admis a. conditional b. multiple c. curative Cases: 1, Ong Chia vs. Republic, 328 SCRA 2. Zulueta vs. CA, 253 SCRA 3. People vs. Yatar, 428 SCRA 3, Tating vs. Marcella, 519 SCRA 4, People vs. Salafranca, 666 SCRA 5. SCC Chemicals Corp. vs. CA, 353 SCRA B. WHAT NEED NOT BE PROVED 1. Judicial Notice ‘a. mandatory and discretionary . when to take judicial notice 2. Judicial Admissions a. when is there judicial admissions Cases: 1. LBP vs. Banal, 434 SCRA 2. People vs. Kulais, 292 SCRA 3, Laureano vs. CA, 324 SCRA 4, Maquiling vs, COMELEC, 700 SCRA 5. People vs. Baharan, 639 SCRA 6. Republic vs. Sandiganbayan, 662 SCRA 7. Ligtas vs. People, 767 SCRA | C. RULES OF ADMISSIBILITY 1, ObjectReal Evidence Cases: 1. People vs. Mallilin, 553 SCRA 2. People vs. Pagaduan, 627 SCRA 3, Salas vs. Matusalem, 705 SCRA +. People vs. Eric § pacblle ¥s. Eric Rosauro, February 18, 2015 "cople vs. Calantiao June 18, 2014 ts People Constantino, 719 SCRA 7 People vs. Mercury de la Cruz, Sept. 7, 2016 Documentary Evidence 1. Sps. Silos vs. PNB, July2,2014 a. The Best Evidence Rule Cases: 1. MCMP Const. Corp. vs. Monark, Nov. 10, 2014 2. Loon vs. Power Master, Inc., 712 SCRA 3. Dimaguila vs. Monteiro, 714 SCRA 4. Republic vs. Mupas, 769 SCRA 384 b, Parol Evidence Cases: 1. Ortanez vs. CA, 266 SCRA 2. Lapu-Lapu Foundation vs. CA. 421 SCRA 3. Leoveras vs. Valdez, 652 SCRA 4. Paras vs. Kimwa Const. & Dev. Corp., 755 SCRA 5. PNB vs. Pasimio, 769 SCRA 70 c. Electronic Evidence - A.M. 01-7-01-SC, Rules on Electronic Evidence - R.A. 8792, E-Commerce Law Cases: 1. Heirs of Sabanpan vs. Comorposa, 408 SCRA 2. Torres vs. PAGCOR, 661 SCRA 3. Ang vs. Republic,618 SCRA 4. People vs. Enojas 5. Syhunliong vs. Rivera, June 4, 2014 3. Testimonial Evidence b. Qualifications: “one who can perceive and perceiving can make known his perception” i, ability to observe/perceive ability to recall/remember . ability to relate/communicate ¢. disqualifications: Case: Marcos vs. Heirs of Andres Navarro, 700 SCRA i, mental incapacity or immaturity Case: People vs. Golimlim, 427 SCRA ii, marital disqualification Cases: 1 Alvarez vs, Ramirez, 473 SCRA. 2.People vs. Castaneda, 88 SCRA ili, death or insanity (dead man’s statute) Cases: 1. Razon vs. CA, 207 SCRA 2, Sunga-Chan vs. Chua, 363 SCRA 3. Bordalba vs. CA, 374 SCRA iv. privileged communication Cases: 1. Chan vs, Chan, 702 SCRA 2 Lacurom vs. Jacoba, 484 SCRA. 3.Samala vs. Valencia, 512 SCRA 4.Almonte vs. Vasquez,244 SCRA Note: Discuss executive privilege under the doctrines in ‘Senate of the Philippines vs. Ermita (488 SCRA) and Neri Vs. Senate Committees (435 SCRA) 4. Testimonial Privilege €. Admissions ~ by third parties ~ by partners - by conspirators ~ by privies - by silence Cases: 1. Constantino vs. Heirs of Pedro Constantino, Jr. 706 SCRA 2.People vs. Gandia, 423 SCRA 3.Doldol vs. People, 470 SCRA f. Confessions - judicial vs. extra-judicial Cases: 1. Ladiana vs. People, 393 SCRA 2. People vs. Ulit, 423 SCRA 3. People vs. Sayaboc, 419 SCRA 4. Tanenggee vs. People, 699 SCRA 5. Fronteras vs. People, 776 SCRA 152 g. Conduct and Character Cases: 1. People vs. Santos, 221 SCRA 715 2. People vs. Nardo, 353 SCRA 339 3. RP vs. Heirs of Alejaga, Sr., 393 SCRA 361 30 h. Hearsay Evidence Rule Case: Patula vs. People, 669 SCRA. i. Dying Declaration: Pp vs. Gatarin et Al, 4/7/2014 Pp vs. Palanas, 759 SCRA 318 Declaration against interest: Pp vs. Bernal, 274 SCRA Declaration about pedigree: Tizon vs. CA, 276 SCRA Family Reputation: Jison vs. CA, 286 SCRA vy. Common reputation vi. Res gestae: Pp vs. Feliciano, 5/5/14, Pp vs. Villarico, 647 SCRA; Pp vs. Palanca, 336 SCRA vii. Entries in the course of business: Phil. Airlines vs Ramos, 207 SCRA 461 viii, Entries in Official Records: Lao vs. Standard Insurance, 409 SCRA 43; Sabili vs. COMELEC, 670 SCRA; Cercado-Siga 752 SCRA 514 ists: Meralco vs. Quisumbing, 336 SCRA x. Leamed treatises xi. Testimony or deposition at a former proceeding: Pp vs. Ortiz-Miyako, 279 SCRA; Go vs. People, 677 SCRA xii, Child Witness Rule: People vs. Ibanez, 706 SCRA People vs. Esugon, 759 SCRA 666 h. Opinion Rule i, Expert Witness: Pp vs. Abriol, 367 SCRA; Bautista vs. CA, 436 Avelino vs. People, 701 SCRA ii, Ordinary Witness: Pp vs. Duranan, 349 SCRA i. Character Evidence Case: People vs. Deopita, 436 SCRA 794 D. BURDEN OF PROOF AND PRESUMPTIONS, 1. Burden of Proof vs. Burden of Evidence Case: FEBTC vs. Chante, 707 SCRA 2. Presumptions a. Conclusive presumptions i. Iban Rural bank vs. CA, 321 SCRA ii.Alearaz vs. Tangga-an, 401 SCRA iii. University of Mindanao vs. BSP, 778 SCRA (1/11/16) b. Disputable presumptions 31 Cases: Rosaroso vs. Soria, 699 SCRA Heirs of Trazona vs. Heirs of Canada, 712 SCRA Uy vs. Lacsamana, 767 SCRA 657 Diaz vs. People, 776 SCRA 43 = suppression of testimony: People vs. Padrigone, 382 SCRA Metrobank vs. CA, 333 SCRA - official duty: De las Santas vs. COA, 703 SCRA People vs. Candidia, 707 SCRA ~ cohabitation: People vs. Edualino, 271 SCRA - survivorship 3, PRESENTATION OF EVIDENCE, 1. Order of Presentation of Evidence. People vs Fabre, 385 SCRA 2. Leading and Misleading Questions. People vs, Perez, 397 SCRA 3. Impeachment. People vs. Castellano, 400 SCRA 4, Reference to Memorandum a. Present Memory Revived. People vs. Plasencia, 249 SCRA 6. Past Recollection Recorded. Cangue vs. CA, 305 SCRA 5. Classes of Documents ¢. Public Documents Cases: 1. Jwasawa vs. Gangan, 705 SCRA 2. Asian Terminals vs. Philam Insurance, 702 SCRA d. Private Documents 6. Offer of Evidence. Aludos vs, Suerte, 673 SCRA; Westmont Investment Corporation vs. Francia, Jr., 661 SCRA 7. Tender of Excluded Evidence Fortune Tobacco Corp. vs. Com of Int. Rev., 761 SCRA 173 F. WEIGHT AND SUFFICIENCY OF EVIDENCE |. Hierarchy of Evidence i. Overwhelming evidence ii, Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt 1. People vs. Caliso ~ 659 SCRA 2. People vs. Patentes ~— 716 SCRA iii, Clear and Convincing 1. Supreme Court vs. Delgado ~ 658.SCRA 2. Govt of Hongkong Special Adm. Region Vs, Olalia, Jr. — 521 SCRA 3. People vs. Fontanilla — 664 SCRA iv. Preponderance of Evidence 1 .PCIB vs. Balmaceda ~ 658 SORA 2 De la Liana vs, Biong ~ 711 SCRA 3 .Canlao vs. People — 659 SCRA (eq uipoise: doctrine) v. Substantial Evidence 1 .Office of the Ombudsman vs. Reyes 658 SCRA 2. Ramos vs. BPI Family Savings Bank ~ 711 S\CRA vi. Prima facie evidence J Lucas vs. Lucas ~ 650 SCRA vii. Probable Cause 1 PNB vs. Tria - 671 SCRA 2.Del Castillo vs. People — 664 SCRA vili. Iota of Evidence (circumstantial) 1., People vs. Anticamara— 651 SCRA 2. People vs. Deocampo 666 SCRA 3. Celedonio vs. People, 761 SCRA 3:53 hmbrondial aR