You are on page 1of 11

LESSON NOTES

Intermediate S2 #1
New in Germany

CONTENTS
2 Informal German
3 English
4 Formal German
5 English
6 Vocabulary
7 Sample Sentences
9 Grammar
10 Cultural Insight

# 1
COPYRIGHT 2015 INNOVATIVE LANGUAGE LEARNING. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
INFORMAL GERMAN

1. D: Hallo Mike! Willkommen in Deutschland! Wie war der Flug?

2. A: 18 Stunden Flug von Springfield nach Berlin, ich bin hundemde!

3. D: 18 Stunden! War das ein Direktflug??

4. A: Nein, 2 Stops, in Chicago und in Dublin.

5. D: Jedenfalls freue ich mich, dass du jetzt hier bist und in Deutschland
leben wirst.

6. A: Berlin ist schon eine faszinierende Stadt. Ich hoffe, ich finde schnell
Arbeit.

7. D: Du schaffst das schon! Und eine schne Wohnung finden wir auch
fr dich.

8. A: Danke, dass ich so lange bei dir wohnen kann.

9. D: Nichts zu danken.

10. D: So, das ist das Wohnzimmer. Du kannst hier auf der Couch
schlafen. Das Badezimmer ist direkt gegenber, und die Kche ist
neben dem Badezimmer.

11. A: Hast du Bier da? Ich mchte gerne etwas trinken.

12. D: Nein, Bier habe ich nicht. Du kannst Wasser trinken, oder wir gehen
zum Supermarkt und kaufen Bier.

13. A: Du musst nicht mitkommen. Ich kann das auch alleine, wenn du
mir den Weg beschreibst.

CONT'D OVER

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 2


14. D: Der Supermarkt ist gleich hier um die Ecke, in der Ackerstrae.
Wenn du nach drauen gehst, siehst du ihn schon.

15. A: Ah, das ist einfach. Ich gehe jetzt Bier kaufen. Bin sofort wieder da!

16. D: Bis gleich!

ENGLISH

1. D: Hi Mike! Welcome to Germany. How was the flight?

2. A: an 18-hour flight from Springfield to Berlin. I am dog tired.

3. D: 18 hours! Was that a direct flight?

4. A: No, 2 stops, in Chicago and in Dublin.

5. D: In any case, I am happy that you are here and that you are living in
Germany.

6. A: Berlin is quite a fascinating city. I hope I find work quickly.

7. D: You can do it. And we'll also find a nice apartment for you.

8. A: Thanks that I can stay at your place meanwhile.

9. D: You're Welcome.

10. D: So, this is the living room. You can sleep here on the couch. The
bathroom is directly across the hall and the kitchen is next to the
bathroom.

CONT'D OVER

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 3


11. A: Do you have beer there? I like to drink something.

12. D: No, I don't have beer. You can drink water. Or we can go to the
supermarket and we buy some beer.

13. A: You don't have to come with me. I can also go by myself, if you tell
me the way.

14. D: The supermarket is right around the corner, on Ackerstrae. If you


go out, you can see it already.

15. A: Ah, that's simple. I go now to buy some beer. I'll be right back.

16. D: See you soon.

FORMAL GERMAN

1. D: Hallo Mike! Willkommen in Deutschland! Wie war der Flug?

2. A: 18 Stunden Flug von Springfield nach Berlin, ich bin hundemde!

3. D: 18 Stunden! War das ein Direktflug??

4. A: Nein, 2 Stops, in Chicago und in Dublin.

5. D: Jedenfalls freue ich mich, dass Sie jetzt hier sind und in
Deutschland leben werden.

6. A: Berlin ist schon eine faszinierende Stadt. Ich hoffe, ich finde schnell
Arbeit.

CONT'D OVER

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 4


7. D: Sie schaffen das schon! Und eine schne Wohnung finden wir auch
fr Sie.

8. A: Danke, dass ich so lange bei Ihnen wohnen kann.

9. D: Nichts zu danken.

10. D: So, das ist das Wohnzimmer. Sie knnen hier auf der Couch
schlafen. Das Badezimmer ist direkt gegenber, und die Kche ist
neben dem Badezimmer.

11. A: Haben Sie Bier da? Ich mchte gerne etwas trinken.

12. D: Nein, Bier habe ich nicht. Sie knnen Wasser trinken, oder wir
gehen zum Supermarkt und kaufen Bier.

13. A: Sie mssen nicht mitkommen. Ich kann das auch alleine, wenn Sie
mir den Weg beschreiben.

14. D: Der Supermarkt ist gleich hier um die Ecke, in der Ackerstrae.
Wenn Sie nach drauen gehen, sehen Sie ihn schon.

15. A: Ah, das ist einfach. Ich gehe jetzt Bier kaufen. Bin sofort wieder da!

16. D: Bis gleich!

ENGLISH

1. D: Hello Mike. Welcome to Germany. How was the flight?

2. A: an 18-hour flight from Springfield to Berlin. I am dog tired.

CONT'D OVER

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 5


3. D: 18 hours! Was that a direct flight?

4. A: No, 2 stops, in Chicago and in Dublin.

5. D: In any case, I am happy that you are here and that you are living in
Germany.

6. A: Berlin is quite a fascinating city. I hope I find work quickly.

7. D: You can do it. And we'll also find a nice apartment for you.

8. A: Thanks that I can stay at your place meanwhile.

9. D: You're Welcome.

10. D: So, this is the living room. You can sleep here on the couch. The
bathroom is directly across the hall and the kitchen is next to the
bathroom.

11. A: Do you have beer there? I like to drink something.

12. D: No, I don't have beer. You can drink water. Or we can go to the
supermarket and we buy some beer.

13. A: You don't have to come with me. I can also go by myself, if you tell
me the way.

14. D: The supermarket is right around the corner, on Ackerstrae. If you


go out, you can see it already.

15. A: Ah, that's simple. I go now to buy some beer. I'll be right back.

16. D: See you soon.

VOCABULARY

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 6


Ge r man English C lass Ge nde r

gegenber (von) across from preposition

beschreiben to describe verb

neben next to local preposition

Kche kitchen noun feminine

Wohnung apartment, flat noun feminine

to manage, to be
schaffen able to do sth. verb

faszinierend fascinating

sich freuen to be happy verb

jedenfalls in any case other

direkt direct(ly)

tired as a dog, really


hundemde tired expression

um die Ecke around the corner

SAMPLE SENTENCES

D e r Ma n n g e g e n be r ra u ch t n o ch Me i n H a u s i st g e g e n be r vo n d e r
i m m e r. B cke re i .

The man across [the room/the street/from My house is across from the bakery.
me] is still smoking.

In d i e se m J o ba n g e bo t w u rd e d i e Art K n n e n Si e m i r d e n We g
d e r Arbe i t n i ch t be sch ri e be n . be sch re i be n ?

In this job offer, the type of work was not Can you describe the way to me?
described.

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 7


Si e be fi n d e n si ch d i re kt Abe n d s w e n n i ch h u n g e r h a be ,
n e be n e i n a n d e r. g e h e i ch i n d i e k ch e u n d e sse
g e rn e n o ch w a s.
They are directly next to each other.
I am the type before going to bed, I love to
just go into the kitchen and just eat
something really quick.

U n se re K ch e so l l te d ri n g e n d Ich h a be h e u te m e i n e Wo h n u n g
re n o vi e rt w e rd e n . Ich ka n n d i e se a u fg e r u m t.
Fa rbe n e i n fa ch n i ch t m e h r se h e n .
I cleaned my apartment today.
Our kitchen really needs to be renovated. I
just can't stand these colors any longer.

Si e h a t 1 2 J a h re i n d e r Wo h n u n g We n n i ch g e n u g G e l d h tte , w rd e
g e w o h n t. i ch m i r e i n e Wo h n u n g i m
Sta d tz e n tru m ka u fe n .
She lived in that apartment for twelve
years. If I had enough money I would buy an
apartment in the city center.

Wi e h a t d e r D i e b e s g e sch a fft, i n Am An fa n g sch u f G o tt d e n H i m m e l


d i e pri va te Fe i e r e i n z u d ri n g e n ? u n d d i e Erd e .

How did the thief manage to intrude on the In the beginning God created the heavens
private party? and the earth.

Ich w e i n i ch t, o b i ch d a s sch a ffe n Ich d e n ke , d a ss e r d a s sch o n


ka n n . sch a ffe n w i rd .

I don't know if I am able to do this. I think that he will manage (it).

Ich fi n d e d e n Fi l m se h r D i e Ki n d e r fre u e n si ch a u f d i e
fa sz i n i e re n d . Fe ri e n .

I find the movie very fascinating. The kids are looking forward to the
holidays.

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 8


Ich fre u e m i ch be r d e n Bri e f vo n J e d e n fa l l s h a be i ch m i ch g e g e n
d i r. d a s An g e bo t e n tsch i e d e n .

I am happy about your letter. In any case, I decided against the offer.

G i bt e s e i n e d i re kte Z u g ve rbi n d u n g Ich bi n h u n d e m d e .


z w i sch e n Be rl i n u n d Mo ska u ?
I am tired as a dog.
Is there a direct train connection between
Berlin and Moscow?

D e r L a d e n be fi n d e t si ch g l e i ch u m d i e Ecke .

The store is just around the corner.

GRAMMAR

Grammar: summary of what you should know


To be able to follow this series, you should have some basic knowledge of German
grammar. Obviously you should know the genders of German nouns, the cases and plural,
and the present tense conjugation of verbs, including some irregular ones, such as sein and
haben. Other things as a quick recap:

the future tense is formed with werden and the infinitive: ich werde gehen, du wirst
gehen, er wird gehen, wir werden gehen, ihr werdet gehen, sie werden gehen

the simple past tense of sein is based on the stem war: ich war, du warst, er
war, ... Other than this, we're not going to assume any knowledge of the past tense
for now.

there are verbs that adopt a lighter vowel for the 2nd and 3rd person singular: e. g. ich
sehe, du siehst, er sieht, wir sehen, ihr seht, sie sehen. Similarly for geben (gibt),
halten (hlt) and, more irregularly, nehmen (nimmt).

verbs can have prefixes, which alter the meaning a bit. Many of these prefixes split off
for the present tense but are attached to the verb for the infinitive: e. g. mitkommen
er kommt mit

reflexive verbs (to ... oneself) use Accusative pronouns except for the 3rd person,
which is always sich

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 9


the first verb in a sentence always comes in second position. The second and any
other verb is placed at the very end of the sentence, after everything else. Split-off
prefixes also typically go to the end of the sentence. In a subclause, even the first verb
is at the end of the sentence.

mchte means would like. It's the conditional tense of mgen (to like) but it's too
useful to be kept until we learn the conditional tense. Similarly, knnte is could in
polite requests.

can is knnen in German. Ich kann, du kannst, er kann, wir knnen, ihr knnt, sie
knnen

must is mssen in German. Ich muss, du musst, er muss, wir mssen, ihr msst,
sie mssen

may is drfen in German. Ich darf, du darfst, er darf, wir drfen, ihr drft, sie
drfen

CULTURAL INSIGHT

C u l tu re : th e su pe rm a rke t

Beer, wine and liquor is available. There is no restriction on who may sell alcohol,
only about who may pour alcohol: sell alcohol for immediate consumption. For that
you need a license.

Bring your own bag. It's not just better for the environment, most supermarkets will
also not provide any. You can buy plastic or cotton bags from them if necessary, but
you will have to pay.

Don't expect anybody to pack your things for you.

To unlock a shopping cart, you need a coin, but you'll get it back when you return the
cart.

Bio products are quite common, as environmentalism is popular in Germany.

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 10


When buying milk, watch out for things that say H-Milch these last much longer
than regular milk but taste a lot worse.

Samples are very rare

Exte n si o n : preposition of location

neben

links von

rechts von

zwischen

in der Nhe von

gegenber von

vor

hinter

auf

ber

unter

GERMANPOD101.COM I NT ERMEDI AT E S 2 #1 - NEW I N GERMANY 11