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LESSON NOTES

Intermediate S2 #21
I Always Invited You for German
Food in the Past!

CONTENTS
2 German
2 English
3 Vocabulary
4 Sample Sentences
5 Vocabulary Phrase Usage
5 Grammar
6 Cultural Insight

# 21
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GERMAN

1. D: Ah, Mike, wie war das Interview?

2. A: Nicht schlecht.

3. D: Hast du den Ort gut gefunden?

4. A: Ja, mit der Karte, die du mir ausgedruckt hattest, war es gar kein
Problem.

5. D: Na also! Warst du pnktlich?

6. A: Ja, ich war sogar 5 Minuten zu frh da. Aber es war gut, dass du
mich gedrngt hattest, schon zu gehen, denn sonst htte ich den
Bus verpasst. Er kam zu frh.

7. D: Das passiert schon mal. Also, denkst du, du kriegst den Job?

8. A: Ich hatte mir ja gute Antworten berlegt, und die meisten auch
benutzt, aber ich bin mir trotzdem nicht sicher.

9. D: Wir werden sehen. Jedenfalls lade ich dich heute zum Essen ein,
zur Feier des Tages!

ENGLISH

1. D: Ah, Mike, how was the interview?

2. A: Not bad.

3. D: Did you easily find the place?

CONT'D OVER

GERMANPOD101.COM INTERMEDIATE S2 #21 - I ALWAYS INVITED YOU FOR GERMAN FOOD IN THE PAST! 2
4. A: Yes, with the map, which you had printed for me, it was no problem
at all.

5. D: So there! Were you on time?

6. A: Yes, I was even 5 minutes too early. But it was good that you had
urged me to leave already, because otherwise I would have missed
the bus. It came too early.

7. D: It happens sometimes. So, do you think you will get the job?

8. A: I had thought of some good answers, and used most of them, too,
but I am still not certain.

9. D: We will see. Anyway I am treating you to a meal today, to celebrate


the day!

VOCABULARY

Ge r man English C lass Ge nde r

Ort place noun; masculine, der plural: Orte

benutzen to use verb weak verb

die meisten most expression

berlegen to think of, ponder verb weak verb

to miss [a scheduled
verpassen connection] verb weak verb

drngen to urge, press verb weak verb

frh early

sogar even adverb

cooked; (no/none) at
gar all

GERMANPOD101.COM INTERMEDIATE S2 #21 - I ALWAYS INVITED YOU FOR GERMAN FOOD IN THE PAST! 3
ausdrucken to print out verb "aus" splits off

card; menu; map; feminine; plural:


Karte ticket noun, feminine, die Karten

Feier celebration, party noun; feminine, die plural: Feiern

SAMPLE SENTENCES

An w e l ch e m Ort spi e l t d i e D a rf i ch Ih re To i l e tte be n u tze n ?


G e sch i ch te ?
May I use your bathroom?
Where (in what location) is the story set?

Be n u tzt d u i m m e r n o ch Wi n d o w s Ich h a be m i r e i n e n Be n u tze r-


95? ? D a s i st so a l t! Acco u n t f r d i e se In te rn e tse i te
g e h o l t.
Are you still using Windows 95?? That is
so old! I got myself a user account for this internet
site.

Im Kri e g w u rd e n d i e m e i ste n D i e m e i ste n Ka rn e va l su m z g e


H u se r ze rst rt. fi n d e n a m R o se n m o n ta g sta tt.

Most houses were destroyed in the war. Most Carnival processions take place on
Rose Monday.

D a m u sste i ch n i ch t l a n g e We n n i ch d e n Zu g n i ch t ve rpa sst


be rl e g e n , i ch h a be e i n fa ch "j a " h tte , w re i ch j e tzt sch o n i n
g e sa g t. M n ch e n !

I didn't have to think about it for a long If I hadn't missed the train, I would now
time, I just said "yes". already be in Munich!

Er d r n g te m i ch d a zu , n o ch zu Es i st fr h a m Mo rg e n .
bl e i be n .
It is early in the morning.
He urged me to stay a bit longer.

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D u h a st w i rkl i ch g u t g e spi e l t, so g a r S i e h rt m i t d e m H e u l e n g a r n i ch t
d e i n e G e g n e r m u sste n d a s m e h r a u f.
a n e rke n n e n !
She won't stop the wailing.
You played really well, even your
opponents had to recognize that!

Ich h a be g a r ke i n e Lu st a u f Ki n o . D a s i st g a r n i ch t m a l so d u m m !

Im in absolutely no mood for the movies. That is not such a stupid idea!

Ka n n st d u m i r d a s e l e ktro n i sch e Ko n tro l l e u r: Ih re Fa h rka rte n bi tte !


Ti cke t a u sd ru cke n ?
Controller: Your tickets please!
Can you print out the electronic ticket for
me?

Ka n n i ch bi tte d i e Ka rte se h e n ? S i e si n d h e rzl i ch zu u n se re r Fe i e r


a m zw l fte n M rz e i n g e l a d e n .
Can I see the menu please?
You are cordially invited to our celebration
on March 12th.

VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE

1. gar. As an adjective this is the opposite of raw. However, you can also find in the
combinations gar nicht (not at all), gar nichts (none at all) and gar kein (not any), where it
just strengthens the expression. 2. Na also! = So there! This is an exclamation that expresses
satisfaction. 3. schon mal = ever, sometime

GRAMMAR

Th e fo cu s o f th i s l e sso n i s th e pa st pe rfe ct
Ich h a tte m i r j a g u te An tw o rte n be rl e g t
"I h a d th o u g h t o f so m e g o o d a n sw e rs"

The past perfect, also called pluperfect, is used when you are talking about the past and then
have to mention something that is even further in the past.

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In German, as in English, it is formed by taking the past tense form of haben (to have),
followed by the past participle, which we've already used for the perfect tense. So past tense
and perfect tense give the past perfect easy, isn't it? There's only one extra rule to
remember. Since the German perfect tense sometimes uses sein instead of haben, so
does the past perfect in German. The same verbs that use a form of sein for the perfect tense
also use a form of sein for the past perfect.

Here are some examples in German


Ich sah einen Mann, der den letzen Bus verpasst hatte. - I saw a man who had missed the last
bus.
Als ich ankam, war der Laden schon geschlossen. - When I arrived, the shop was already
closed.

CULTURAL INSIGHT

In vi ta ti o n s
Unless somebody specifically uses the word einladen, expect to pay for your own food.
Even when a small company has a get-together at a restaurant, you may still have to pay
for your own food (Chuck's experience).
When you're invited to somebody's home, the most common gift is either flowers or wine
(or beer if you know that your hosts prefer beer). However, chocolates, as Americans
would give, will hardly make your host frown, they are just a bit unusual. Among students
it's also common to bring part of the meal, but only if you've agreed on that beforehand.

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