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Solution to Assignment 3 - Checking Scaffold Falsework

(a) Calculation of Wind Moment


Vd 30 m/s (HK Wind Code)
q=(Vd/40.4)2 = (30/40.4)2= 0.551 kPa
A(scafoold)=n*Overall Area = 0.04*(1.5*7.5)*8 3.600 m2
A(toeboard) = 0.2*1.5 0.300 m2
w(scaffold)=Cf*q*A = 1.3*0.551*3.6 2.581 kN per row
w(toe board)=*Cf*q*A = 2.0*0.551*0.300 0.331 kN per row

Wind Moment = w*h =2.581*7.5/2 +0.331*(7.5+0.2/2) 12.192 kN-m per row

(b) Max Leg Load


Total Loading Intensity = 6.0 kPa*1.5 m 9 kN/m
Calculation of Leg Load Total
udl= 9 kN/m Total Vertical Load =9*9.1 = 81.9 kN
Moment= 12.192 kN-m
Member A B C D E F G H
li (m) 4.55 3.25 1.95 0.65 0.65 1.95 3.25 4.55
li2 (m) 20.703 10.563 3.803 0.423 0.423 3.803 10.563 20.703 70.98
pi 0.292 0.149 0.054 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.149 0.292 1.000
Induced Vert. Load Fi (kN) -0.78 -0.56 -0.33 -0.11 0.11 0.33 0.56 0.78
Vertical due to udl Vi (kN) 5.85 11.70 11.70 11.70 11.70 11.70 11.70 5.85 81.900 kN
Total leg load (kN) 5.07 11.14 11.37 11.59 11.81 12.03 12.26 6.63

Max Leg Load 12.26 kN


Lift height 1.25 m
Leg Loading Capacity
(Assume "USED"
conidtion) <47 kN OK from Table 1
None of Verticals are negative or under tension

(c) Calculation of Diagonal Braces

Total Wind Load =2.581 + 0.331= 2.911 kN


Coupler Capacity 6.25 kN (BS1139)
Angle of Diagonal Inclination =tan-1(1.25/1.3) = 43.88 degrees
Therefore nos. of diagonal required = 2.911/ (6.25 * cos 43.88 degrees)
= 0.65
Provide One(1) No. of Diagonal Brace per row

One Diagonal Brace for each row of Scaffold with swivel couplers fixed at each level
for each row of scaffold structure (Or alternatively, two for every second row)

(d) Calculate the Factor of Safety vs Overturning

Since there are two edge


O/T Moment = 2.581*7.5/2 boards exposed to lateral
+2*0.331*(7.5+0.2/2) = 14.706 kN-m per row wind
UDL due to Dead Load for an empty workinmg platdorm = 1 kPa *1.5 m = 1.5 kN/m

R/S Moment = 1.5*(9.1) *


(9.1)/2 62.108 kN-m (7 bays each 1.3 m wide)
Factor of Safety vs Overturning = 62.108/14.706 = 4.22 > 1.2 OK
No Kentledge is required

(e) Soil Bearing Pressure 150 x 150 Pmax = 12.26 kN


Base Plate to Scaffold Leg 0.15m Base Plate Sole Plate Thickness
Sole Plate Thickness 0.05 m 50 mm
Sole Plate width (Assume
150x150 base) 0.3 m
Sole Plate Loaded Length
(load spreading at 1 on 2) =
2*2*0.50 + 0.15 = 0.35 m 100 150 100
Base Area = 0.3 m x 0.35 m 0.105 m2
Soil Bearing Pressure =
12.26/0.105 116.75 kPa

Assessment Plan Key Skills Criteria Marks

F1 Communication, IT and Numeracy Accuracy of Calculations & Sketching 5.0

F5 Analytical & Problem Solving Loading Determinination & Structural Analysis 5.0

Check Points, Quote BS Materials.. Code of


P2 Responsibility & Autonomy Practice.etc. 2.5
Total 12.5