Sie sind auf Seite 1von 37

UNIVERSIDAD DE MANILA

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

HOME AUTOMATION: AUTOMATIC SWITCHING ON/OFF

USING ANDROID PHONE VIA BLUETOOTH

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE


MICROPROCESSOR SYSTEM

BY:
TUNGCAB, RONA ANGELYNE F.

PASCUA, RONNABELLE P.

CRUZ, JUSTINE ROCEL A.

HALILI, CHRISTINE D.

MAQUINAD, ARIEL T.

ROCA, MA. MELISSA

ALIPIO, MARVIN G.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND


A. INTRODUCTION
B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
C. OBJECTIVES
D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
E. SCOPE AND LIMITATION
F. DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES


A. LITERATURE
B. FOREIGN STUDIES
C. LOCAL STUDIES

CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


A. METHOD OF RESEARCH USED
B. SOURCES OF DATA
C. DATA GATHERING PROCEDURES
D. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

CHAPTER 4: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF


DATA
A. DESIGN
B. TESTING

CHAPTER 5: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION


A. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
B. CONCLUSION
C. RECOMMENDATION
CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

A. INTRODUCTION

Devices are sometimes left plugged into power sockets whereas others are supposed
to be plugged into and out of power sockets at different intervals depending on the time
of the day. All this requires an individual to manually attend to each of the devices
independently from time to time.

Have you ever imagined yourself turning ON/OFF your appliances while you are
just sitting on your couch or while you are resting on your bed? Do you ever think of
switching your appliances with just a touch of your finger? Does it come into your mind
of using your Smartphone as your remote control? If that is the case, then, you are
imagining of home automation or simply Smart home. Generally, home automation is
the control of any or all electrical devices in our home. It is also refers to the use of
computer and information technology to control home appliances and features (such as
windows or lighting). It may include centralized control of lighting, HVAC (heating,
ventilation and air conditioning), appliances, and other systems, to provide improved
convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and safety. The popularity of home
automation has been increasing greatly in recent years due to much higher affordability
and simplicity through Smartphone and tablet connectivity. The concept of the
Internet of things has tied in closely with the popularization of home automation.

This proposal focuses mainly on automatic switching ON/OFF of appliances. The


project is developed using a microcontroller to control the command signal received
from Smartphone using Bluetooth and then will trigger the relay to turn on and off the
connected home appliances. Android application is the center of this control to send
command signals to microcontroller.
A. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

One of the problems that have been cited is the inconvenience of the disabled and
elderly people. Inconvenience in terms of attending to the appliances just to plug and/or
unplug it using their own hand. Doing those kind of things may sometimes cause more
trouble due to their impairment. Fast-paced technology which some elderly people do
not know how to use that brings inconvenience to their living. Other problems are fire
which is at times due to overheating of devices that lessens the level of safety inside
your home and high electric cost through continuous power consumption of unplugged
appliances that limits the allocation of your money. With these issues, they then decided
to propose a microcontroller-based automatic switch using Bluetooth-enabled devices
which will enable one to remotely switch and manage his appliances from a specific
range inside or outside his home.

B. OBJECTIVES

The main purpose of this project is to develop home automation specifically


automatic switching ON/OFF of appliances which is being remotely controlled by a
command signal from Android phone via Bluetooth. In this project, they will be able
also to:

i. Help elderly and handicapped people live a more convenient life.


ii. Design cost efficient and improve safety system.
iii. Provide an easy-to-use environment.

C. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Today, automation technology is gaining more recognition among the people not
just for home modification but in industrial and business sectors too. Home automation
technology is constantly improving its flexibility by incorporating modernized features
to satisfy the increasing demand of the people. We live in a time unlike any other. With
so many technological advancements at our fingertips, our lives are made easier, which
fortunate is considering the fast-paced lives most of us lead. In recent years, great
strides have been made in making homes a bit more tech savvy.

Equipment and other electric powered gadgets, such as home appliances and
lighting are all instantly switch and people do not need to have a hand on it. Modern
houses are gradually shifting from conventional switches to centralized control system,
involving remote controlled switches. Presently, conventional wall switches located in
different parts of the house makes it difficult for the user to go near them to operate.
Even more it becomes more difficult for the elderly or physically handicapped people
to do so. Wireless switching of appliances provides a most modern solution with smart
phones.

There are many factors that are responsible for home automation's growing
importance. Some important benefits of home automation are listed below:

a. Affordable: Home automation process doesn't require a huge sum of money to


modify your home. This is one of the important reasons for its growing
popularity among the homeowners. You can save a lot of money if you plan to
automate your home during its construction process.

b. Easy to use: You can operate and access the automation technology with ease
due to its simple procedures that are easy to learn and implement. Centralized
control system is used to control the overall operations of different equipment,
which ultimately reduces your burden and allows you to operate the devices
with a single button click.

c. Enhanced performance: Proper wiring and computer control are the important
factors that determine the effective performance of the automation technology.
Usually, home automation systems that are installed using professional
installers are reliable and perform all its operation effectively without causing
frequent failures.

d. Improves the security features: One of the important uses of home automation
technology is that its ability to enhance the security features of the home without
demanding a huge home renovation. For example, you can monitor the entire
security systems by making use of video surveillance system. Besides, you can
use motion detector to detect even the slightest movements around your home
without the need for wandering.

e. Safe: Automation systems are installed carefully and are integrated under one
centralized control unit, which ultimately secures the people.

f. Energy saving: By controlling temperature and lighting based on the


programmed schedules, automation systems reduce the energy bills
considerably. Now, you can move to distant places without any worries
regarding your energy bills by making use of automation systems.

The key value of the smart home will be in situations that can help to make peoples
lives easier. Smart homes have the potential to improve the accessibility of technology,
allowing users to control aspects of a room through their devices. Rather than
encouraging laziness, if employed properly, this can provide help for both individual
users and organizations. Indeed, many of the current deployments of connected
technology are in homes for people with accessibility needs. Another setting we can
see 'smart home' technology being valuable in is hospitals: patients could control their
beds and the temperature in their room all through their Smartphone, a device they are
already comfortable with as opposed to an unfamiliar remote control. Systems can
range from simple remote control of lighting through to complex computer/micro-
controller based networks with varying degrees of intelligence and automation. Home
automation is adopted for reasons of ease, security and energy efficiency
D. SCOPE AND LIMITATION
Scope

1. Powered by 220V AC.


2. Installation of Blueterm Application in Android phone is necessary.
3. Bluetooth is manually turned on and off.
4. Password is being used to allow authorized users only from accessing the
appliances at home automatically.
5. Once paired, password will not be needed.
6. TURN ON: Press 1 to activate device 1, press 2 to activate device 2, press 3 to
activate device 3, and press 4 to activate device 4.
7. TURN OFF: Press A/a to deactivate device 1, press B/b to deactivate device 2,
press C/c to deactivate device 3, and press D/d to deactivate device 4.
8. The system has four available outlets but the maximum number of output pin
in the microcontroller is thirteen.

Limitations
1. Android operating system only.
2. One at a time connection only.
3. Standard range is approximately 10 meters.
4. Absolute maximum ratings of 40mA DC current per I/O pin of the
microcontroller.
5. The distance and range of Bluetooth is dependent on the location of appliances
from the system.

E. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Android

An operating system for smartphone and other device, developed by Android, Inc.
and later purchased by Google. The Android platform is based on the Linux operate
system, and feature numerous applications apps developed by Google and by third-
party developer. Phones running the Android operating system are the primary
competitor to Apple's IPhone, and are the best-seller smartphones global.
Android phone
The Android cell phone is a cell phone running the Android OS. A typical Android
cell phone is a smartphone with a touch screen interface, multiple connectivity options,
Internet browsing capabilities, support for video playback and a camera.

Automatic
It means having controls that allow something to work or happen without being
directly controlled by a person

Automation
The technique of making an apparatus, a process, or a system operates
automatically.

Bluetooth
It is a public standard (802.15.1) intended for short-range, low-power wireless
transmissions. It is used for connecting consumer electronics such as a wireless
keyboard or mouse to a PC.

Controller
Device that controls other devices using wireless network. There are a variety of
controllers available including hand-held remote controls, central gateway controllers
that provide access to the Internet and PC software (via USB) that can control your
network from anywhere in the world.

Device
A Device is a specific electronic product that can be controlled through the wireless
network. The device can be a local wireless controller, which controls a specific light
or appliance (usually connected to it by mains wiring), or a sensor that provides input
to the network. Each Device is seen as a network Node.
Gizduino (Arduino clone)
An open source computing platform based on a simple input/output (I/O) board
and the use of standard programming language; simply, it is a tool for implementing a
program you have designed.

Home Automation
All aspects of adding switch to your home and appliances. It can be as simple as
adding remote switch to a few lights, or creating a more complex system that includes
automatic sensors and security systems.

Infrared
Infrared (IR) is invisible radiant energy, electromagnetic radiation with longer
wavelengths than those of visible light, extending from the nominal red edge of the
visible spectrum at 700 nanometers (frequency 430 THz) to 1 mm (300 GHz) (although
people can see infrared up to at least 1050 nm in experiments). Most of the thermal
radiation emitted by objects near room temperature is infrared.

LED
Stands for Light Emitting Diode. These modern light bulbs use very little power -
typically 10% of the traditional incandescent bulbs.

Microcontroller
A small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core,
memory, and programmable input/output peripherals.

Module
A device that adds wireless switch to lights or appliances. For instance a dimmer
module enables you to switch a lamp wirelessly.

Network
Two or more devices connected together is called a Network. This
enables devices to be switched and to communicate with each other. For home
automation we typically refer to a Wireless Network as a Network.

Pin Mode
It configures the specified pin to behave either as an input or an output.

Relay
A wireless controlled device that switches the On/Off state of a local appliance
(load). The relay switches the power going to the load via standard mains cables. The
term relay is normally associated with Inserts and Modules that switch appliances of
more than 600W (not lights).

Smartphone
A smartphone or smart phone is a mobile phone with an advanced mobile operating
system which combines features of a personal computer operating system with other
features useful for mobile or handheld use

Tech savvy
Tech savvy means knows more about modern technology, especially computer.

Wireless Network
A Network on which the devices communicate wirelessly using radio waves (RF).
Wi-Fi, Lightwave RF, Z-Wave and ZigBee are all wireless network technologies.

ZigBee
ZigBee is an IEEE 802.15.4-based specification for a suite of high-level
communication protocols used to create personal area networks with small, low-power
digital radios.

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND LIMITATIONS


This chapter will explain about the review of the works and studies from other
researchers that were related to the development of this project, which is Home
Automation: Automatic Switching ON/OFF using Android phone via Bluetooth. The
literature review is a continuous part that should be done until this project is
successfully developed.

A. LITERATURE

A smart home is a "home equipped with lighting, heating, and electronic devices
that can be controlled remotely by a Smartphone or computer". Home automation used
to be something of a science fiction concept, as we can see from Microsofts amusing
90s vision of the smart home. But now that technology has advanced, home
automation is actually happening. We can now control our TVs and set-top boxes from
our phones or tablets, control our lights using Bluetooth-enabled devices. Apps are at
the center of helping to control our homes, allowing us and our homes to be smarter
and better connected.

When people think about home automation, most of them may imagine living in a
smart home: One remote controller for every household appliance, cooking the rice
automatically, starting air conditioner automatically, heating water for bath
automatically and shading the window automatically when night coming. To some
extent home automation equals to smart home. They both bring out smart living
condition and make our life more convenient and fast. People at that time understood
that a smart home is not owing to how well it is built, not how effectively it uses space,
not due to how it is environmentally friendly. It is only because of how interactive
technologies that it contains. Those are still useful rules for home automation
technology today. Below are some related studies about the home automation using
different processes to make a better smart home.
B. FOREIGN STUDIES

The content of this section is from research paper work written by Abdurrahman
Bin Suratman. Bachelor of Electrical Engineering. (June 2014). Android Smart Switch
for Smart Home. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

B.1. Related Study

Generally, Smart Switch system for Smart Home is developed consists of two
major parts that are smart switch device and access point. This device is connected
to electrical appliances that can be controlled using sensor and remotely controlled
through access point.

B.1.1. Wireless Switch in Smart Home Application

This research paper work is written by Mohd Ridzuan Bin Johary, Bachelor
of Electrical Engineering (Microelectronics), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,
June 2012. In this research, the project used PIC18F4620 microcontroller as a
main controller device of a remote control system and PIC16F628A
microcontroller for a smart switch device as shown in Figure 2.1 and Figure
2.2. The communication system between two devices is the radio frequency
(RF) with operating frequency 315 MHz. The performance of the system is
depends on the distance between smart switch and remote control device. The
weakness of this project is the switch can only be switched ON and OFF
by using only single controller and cannot been turn ON and OFF manually
without the controller. The smart switch that has been developed by researcher
is shown in Figure 2.1 and Figure 2.2.
Figure 2.1: Smart switch device

Figure 2.2: The main controller of remote control

B.1.2. Smart Switch Energy Saving For Lighting System

This research paper work is written by Nor Khairunnisa Binti Sidek,


Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, July
2012. The type of sensors use for smart switch was studied in this work. In this
research, the project used PIC 18F8452 microcontroller and GP2Y0A21YK
infrared sensor to develop a smart switch as shown in Figure 2.3 and Figure 2.4.
The performance of this smart switch depends on the range of the infrared
sensor. Figure 2.5 shows the performance of the infrared sensor on smart switch
against the peoples height because the infrared sensor was located above a door
to trigger the motion of people come through that door. Figure 2.4 shows the
infrared sensor used, is quite expensive to implement and it did not use a
communication system to control the smart switch wirelessly.

Figure 2.3: PIC 18F8452 microcontroller

Figure 2.4: GP2Y0A21YK infrared sensor


Figure 2.5: The graph sensor against the peoples height

B.1.3. Home Automation Using GSM

This research paper work is written by Carelin Felix and I. Jacob Raglend
Member, IEEE (2011). In this research paper the communication system
between all appliances in the house into a single communication device has
been studied. This project used PIC microcontroller for both appliances and
communication device as shown in Figure 2.6 and Figure 2.7. The ZigBee has
been used to transfer the information between appliances and communication
device. The ZigBee uses IEEE 802.15.4 of radio frequency (RF)
communication standard (refer to figure 2.7) [13]. The communication device
use GSM to receive command from mobile phone (refer to figure 2.6). This
smart switch can be control using smart phone, however it is cannot monitor
the appliances in the house.

Figure 2.6: Communication device using GSM


Figure 2.7: Appliance device using ZigBee

B.2. Smart Switches Available In Market

Nowadays, smart switch technology is expanding rapidly. There are many type
of smart switches that are already available in current market. This technology is
widely implemented in universities and homes.

B.2.1. Smart Switch Using Motion Sensor

Figure 2.8: Smart infrared sensor switch

Motion sensor released infrared rays that can detect motion of the human
body within the detection area to turn ON the switch. The detection of motion
will transform into an electrical signal by interrupt the current of the infrared
circuit to trigger the switch. This smart switch only turns ON if it detects
motion in a room and will turn off within the given time. It may be difficult for
a user to turn OFF the switch into sleep mode.
B.2.2 Smart switch using Wi-Fi and Cellular Connection Smartphone
Home Remote

Figure 2.9: Belkin F7C030fc WeMo Light Switch

This product manually turn ON and OFF by touching the button on the
switch. It is compatible with Android devices to control the switch using home
Wi-Fi network. Belkin provides free WeMo App for Android.

This chapter discussed on smart switch system, sensor and wireless


communication. It discussed about previous project that was made to build smart
switch system. The explanations are more about the microcontroller, sensor and
wireless communication that was used. Brief explanations about the type of smart
switch available in market.

C. LOCAL STUDIES

Based on the article from Dayrit property Sales and Leasing Corporation. (2013).
Home Automation | Future of Condo Living in the Philippines. Retrieved from
http://www.dayritproperties.com/2013/10/home-automation-future-of-condo-living-
in-the-philippines/. For countless years, home automation is the exclusive domain of
the rich or extremely techie people.
In the Philippines, we hardly ever heard about home automation as we Filipinos
still rely on the manual and the traditional. The cost of setting it up is priced almost like
buying a new house.

Just by reading tech news in Google, major phone carriers have gotten into the act,
and rumors suggest Google, Apple, Microsoft and other consumer electronics
companies are working on home automation. It is likely that home automation is in the
process of making a transition to commoditize the technology starting of course with
first world countries like the US.

A known real estate developer who has a project in Mandaluyong kick starts the
trend in home automation by the first future ready home. They offer unit owners the
opportunity to enjoy the seamless and connected lifestyle within the confines of their
own automated home.

Through home automation, residents are allowed to control their home appliances,
lights, curtains, and even the thermostat can be switched on or off with the press of a
button on their Smartphone or tablet.

Wireless home automation has been attempted for decades with minimal or no
success. If a company can offer a solution that simply works and secure and of course
cost effective, home automation will be a trend.
CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY

A. METHOD OF RESEARCH USED

In this chapter the results of the data analysis are presented. The data were collected
and then processed in response to the problems posed in Chapter 1 of this study. The
fundamental goals drove the collection of the data and the subsequent data analysis.

Residents if they are using Android phones and 65% of which said that they are
using such phone. Another question is asked and 50% of the total respondents said that
they are familiar on Home Automation and will consider adding Home Automation in
their household. In relation to this, the researcher could presume that in the said
percentage, a considerable number could possibly use the project. Appendix A is a copy
of the survey questionnaire provided by the researcher.

20% 0% Comfort/convenience
55% Security
25%
Energy
Cool features

Figure 3.1: Factors in adding home automation system

The last question was about the importance of electrical functions. Respondents
were asked to rank home appliances according to its degree of importance being 1 as
the most important and 4 as the least important. Figure 3.2 shows the result of the
survey having automatic control of light as the most important based on the gathered
data.

8% Automatic
19% Control of light
55%
18% Turn off/on
Television

Figure 3.2: Ranking of home appliances according to its degree of importance.

B. SOURCES OF DATA

Abdurrahman Bin Suratman. (2014). Android Smart Switch for Smart Home. Universiti
Teknologi Malaysia. Retrieved from
http://portal.fke.utm.m/abdurrahmanbinsuratman/2014

Lifehacker. (2015). A Guide to the Smart Home in 2015: What are the Trends and What
Do You Need to Know? Retrieved from
http://www.lifehacker.co.uk/2015/01/20/guide-smart-home-2015-trends-need-
know

C. DATA GATHERING PROCEDURES


CHAPTER 4

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

A. DESIGN

A centralized controller can be used to control appliances in your home. The design
uses ATMEGA328 microcontroller board as the controlling unit of the system, Android
phone as input device and the home appliances as output device. The connection
between the input and the control unit is wireless using Bluetooth. Figure 4.1 shows
the block diagram of the system.

Power 220V
Supply
Input Process Output

Cellphone Microcontroller Appliances On/Off


command signal
Bluetooth Relay

Fig. 4.1: Block Diagram of Home Automation Power-Controlled Switch

A Bluetooth shield is interfaced to the microcontroller board at the receiver end


while on the transmitter end, an Android application is necessary to send ON/OFF
commands to the receiver where loads are connected, if the app is not installed the
system does not make sense. By touching the specified input on the application, the
loads can be turned ON/OFF remotely through this wireless technology.

A.1. Algorithm

This section will explain the step-by-step process of how the system was
developed.
A.1.1 Parts and Components

In order to start the design of the project, you will be needing the parts and
components listed below.

Fig. 4.1: ATMEGA328 Gizduino microcontroller board.

Fig. 4.2: Bluetooth Shield

Fig. 4.3: Relay card


Fig. 4.4: 12V DC Power Adapter

Fig. 4.5: Extension cord

Fig. 4.6: Some wires and jumper wires

Fig. 4.7: Android phone with Blueterm application


A.1.2. Microcontroller Program

Before proceeding with the hardware connections of the project. You need
to compile and upload a program in your microcontroller for you to control the
system. The program must be appropriate with the process that you want to
achieve. In this section, the code that the researcher used will be provided below
for development and/or modification.

A.1.3. Schematic Diagram

The connection of the parts and components will be showed in this section.
Make sure to follow the connection especially the proper wiring of supply and
ground from the source. It may damage one of your component or worst is your
whole system. Figure 4.8 shows the schematic diagram of this project with a
single load only.

Fig. 4.8: Schematic Diagram connecting a single appliance.


In the figure above, they used Arduino as their microcontroller board, you
can also choose your desired microcontroller board as long as it uses an
ATMEGA328 microcontroller chip. Another reminder is to put first the
Bluetooth shield above your microcontroller before you proceed with the
wiring. Thus, making your connections in microcontroller through Bluetooth
Shield. Connect the 12V-DC power adapter in the microcontroller to power up
your system.
B. TESTING

After setting up the components needed in this project, this is the result of the testing
that has been conducted. Table 1 shows the testing of power switching using relay.

TRIAL Scenario Expected Actual Remarks


Relay 1 is Off, Relay 1 should Relay 2 turned
1
Action: Turn ON turn On On
Relay 2 is On, Nothing should Nothing
2
Action: Turn On happen happened
Relay 3 is On, Relay 3 should Relay 3 turned
3
Action: Turn Off turn Off Off
4 Relay 4 is Off,
Nothing should Nothing
Action: Turn Off happen happened
Table 1: Testing of Power switching ON/OFF using relay

Legend: --The actual result is the same as the expected result.

It shows that during the first testing of the power switching ON/OFF using relay.
The actual result of four trials is the same with the expected result prior to the executed
action.

After testing the power switching using relay, the loads are then connected. Table
2 shows the outcomes of the testing done.

TRIAL Scenario Expected Actual Remarks


1 Device 1 is Off,
Action: Press the command Device 1 Nothing
signal for device 1 to turn should turn On Happened.
it ON.
2 Device 2 is On,
Action: Press the command Device 2 Device 2
signal for device 1 to turn should turn Off is still On
it OFF.
3 Device 1 is Off,
Action: Press the command Nothing should Device 1
signal for device 1 to turn happen. turns On
it OFF.
4 Device 2 is On,
Action: Press the command Nothing should Device 2
signal for device 2 to turn happen turns Off
it ON.
Table 2: Testing of Power switching with loads connected.
Legend:

--The actual result is not the same as the expected result.

In second testing of the power switching ON/OFF, loads are then connected to the
relay. The actual result of four trials is the inverse with the expected result prior to the
executed action.

C. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

C.1. Flowchart

Start

Is Turn ON
No
Bluetooth Bluetooth.
Connectivit

Yes

Launch BlueTerm
application

Press 1 to turn ON Device 1.


Press 2 to turn ON Device 2.
Is Device 1, No Press 3 to turn ON Device 3.
2, 3, 4 ON? Press 4 to turn ON Device 4.

Yes

Do you want No
to turn it
Yes

Press A or a to turn OFF Device 1.


Press B or b to turn OFF Device 2.
Press C or c to turn OFF Device 3.
Press D or d to turn OFF Device 4.

End
Photo is from Tricon Homes Inc.

gizDuino Version 4.1

It is an open source computing platform based on a simple input/output (I/O)board and the use of
standard programming language; in otherwords, it is a tool for implementing a program you have
designed. Gizduino is programmed using the IDE (Integrated Development Environment). With
Serial RX-TX disable switch. Atmega168P and 328P ICs are low power but its also the same functions
of ATmega168/328 IC.

Power Input:
External:8V-12V USB:5V
Microcontroller :
ATmega 168/168P or
ATmega 328/328P
Debubger Port:
ICSP
I/O port:
20 I/Os
(14 Digital I/O & 6 Analog In
DC Power Outouyt:
3.3V
On-board Crystal:
16MHz and 12MHz
PCB Dimensions:
2.7 x 2.1 inch

Bluetooth Shield
(Slave || Master)

Employing our latest EGBT-04 series low cost bluetooth module, the Bluetooth shield is likewise
available in two low cost versions: Slave only functions and Master and Slave functions. Class 2
Bluetooth shield with SPP profile functioning as UART port wireless cable replacement.

Power Input:
External: 8-12V
Microcontroller Default : 5V
Interface :
Module Interface for future use

Ex2 12V Relay Card

e-Gizmo Ex2 12V Relay Card an Automotive Relay Ex2 Series that Life's long in 1 x10 ^6 Mechanical
Operations.

An Automotive Relay Ex2 Series


Life's long in 1 x10 ^6 Mechanical
Operations

Power Input:
12 V (Nominal Voltage)

Max. carrying current:


Approx. 20 Amperes

On board Relay:
Automotive type of Relay EX2 series
PCB Dimension:
60 mm x 48mm

CHAPTER 5

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

A. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

This project entitled, Home Automation: Automatic Switching ON/OFF using


Android phone via Bluetooth, aims to give a more convenient, cost efficient and safety
life to the user. It is all automated. This project takes away a wide range of initiatives
from people. Equipment and other electric powered gadgets, such as home appliances
and lighting are all instantly control and people do not need to have a hand in it.
An Android smart phone connected with Bluetooth sends control signals to
microcontroller board. On receiving signal microcontroller process, it performs task to
control power of appliances. System provides a user-friendly environment to control
all connected home appliances. The popularity of the wireless network in home
automation is increased in recent years and the advance technology has made this
possible.

In this paper, a home automation system based on a Bluetooth wireless technology


is pre posed. The proposed Bluetooth home network is designed for monitoring and
remote control of different appliances connected over Bluetooth network in a home
environment. The developed Bluetooth home network system includes emulation
programs of each device and a home server program. The Bluetooth network system
has been simulated to be functioning by developing sensor modules and device control
systems.

The system is secured for access from any user or intruder. The users are
expected to acquire pairing password for the connection to access the switching of
home appliances. This system can be used as a test bed for any appliances that
requires on-off switching applications without any internet connection. The full
functionality of the home automation system was tested and the wireless
communication between the cell phone and microcontroller was found to be limited
to <50m in a concreted building and maximum of 100m range was reported to be
applicable in an open range.

The home automation system has been experimentally proven to work satisfactorily
by connecting sample appliances to it and the appliances were successfully controlled
from a wireless mobile device. The Bluetooth client was successfully tested on a
multitude of different mobile phones from different manufacturers, thus proving its
portability and wide compatibility. This project will not only provide convenience to
the common man but will be a boon for the elderly and disabled.
B. CONCLUSION

Nowadays, Smart home usually implement the normal remote and control of
devices in your home. Therefore, we propose to design a Bluetooth based home
automation system which will enable one to remotely manage his/her appliances from
anywhere, anytime. Rather than encouraging laziness, if employed properly, this can
provide help for both individual users and organizations. For instance; smart home
technology could be especially useful for people with disabilities, allowing them
to switch their home appliances from a single device. Indeed, many of the current
deployments of connected technology are in homes for people with accessibility needs.
Some devices if not controlled properly consume a lot of energy which leads to extra
expenditure on electricity. Thus, this project will help the user to save energy, improve
safety and effective usage of electrical equipment and appliances.

As we've mentioned, providing peace of mind is one aspect that may appeal to
homeowners. In addition, home automation is growing rapidly nowadays and enters in
this emerging market quickly. It can undoubtedly make life at home much easier. For
the millions of people affected by disabilities and also the elderly population, it can
make a life-changing difference. Some devices if not controlled properly consume a lot
of energy which leads to extra expenditure on electricity.

This link can help users save both money and energy. In recent years, there has
been a rise in energy monitors and energy saving plugs. Mobile devices have the
potential to connect to these devices, giving the user one place where they can review
and alter their homes energy use in order to better control their budget.
It is evident from this project work that a Home Automation: Power Switching On/Off
Using Android Phone via Bluetooth can be cheaply made from low cost locally
available components and can be used to remotely control home appliances ranging
from electric fan, television and even from lightning system. And better still, the
components required are so small and few that they can be packaged into a small
inconspicuous container. The designed home automation system was tested a number
of times and certified to control different home appliances as long as the maximum
power and current rating does not exceed that of the used relay.
Finally, this home automation system can be also implemented over Bluetooth and
Ethernet without much change to the design and yet still be able to remotely control a
variety of home appliance. Hence, the system is scalable and flexible.

C. RECOMMENDATION

It can be concluded that the objectives of this project were achieved, which are high
level of accessibility and convenience to elderly and handicapped person. In addition,
a user-friendly Android application as an alternative to remote control unit of a
home automation system has also been established. Improvements can be made to
improve this project, some recommendations are:

1. Security system that might be compatible for the Bluetooth system.


2. Add circuit breaker for security purposes.
3. Compatibility for the Apple users or iOS device and Windows.
4. Increase the range of Bluetooth connectivity
APPENDIX

APPENDIX A: SURVEY FORM

Name: Status:
Age: Gender:
_____________________________________________________________________
We are engineering students from Universidad De Manila who provides in-depth
analysis and quantitative forecasting of trends in global connectivity and other
emerging technologies.
_____________________________________________________________________
1. Do you live in an
o apartment
o single-family house
o extended-family house
2. Do you have Android Phones in your home today?
o Yes
o No
3. Have you ever heard of "Smart Home" or Home automation services?
o Yes
o No
If yes, have you ever considered adding it functionality to your household?

o Yes
o It depends
o No
If No, Why arent you interested in automating your home?
o It is not necessary
o It is a waste of money
o I dont know enough about it
4. Which factor would lead you into adding such a system?
o For its convenience, to save time
o For security reason
o Energy Savings
o Comfort
o Cool Features
5. Which of these functions would be the most important for you?
Please rank your answers from 1 to 3. 1 is the most important and 3 is the least
important.

Automatic control of light


Turn on/off television
Turn on/off electric fan
Unplug charger from socket

Thank you for cooperating! God Bless.


REFERENCES

Electric Power Components and Systems. (2014, February 5). Retrieved September 24,
2015.

http://freshome.com/2013/01/17/top-10-benefits-of-automating-your-home/
http://www.academia.edu/9445731/Home_Automation_Review_of_Literature
http://www.slideshare.net/adammckay/importance-of-the-home-automation-
system
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_automation#Overview_and_benefits
http://mysteriousmaniacs.weebly.com/uploads/1/2/5/6/12565748/home_automatio
n.pdf
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/231182479_BLUETOOTH_BASED_H
OME_AUTOMATION_SYSTEM_USING_CELL_PHONE
http://pegasus.javeriana.edu.co/~CIS0810SD03/HA%20Bluetooth.pdf