Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

Unit 3- 3 eso

Comparatives and Superlatives of Adjectives and Adverbs

Igualdad as + adj + as as tall as


Inferioridad less + adj + than less tall than
Superioridad
short adj: 1 or 2 adj er + than taller than
syllables
long adj: 2 or more + adj + than more inteligent
more syllables than
2 syllables can take both
ending in forms
-e (gentle);
-y (happy);
ow (narrow);
-er (clever)
Superlativo
Super short adj the adj + est The tallest
Super. long adj the most + adj The most
interesting
Inf. the least + adj

Superlatives may be followed by : in: with places or groups of people


of: with plural nouns.

Irregular

Positive Comparative Superlative


Good/Well better than the best
Bad/badly worse than the worst
Far farther than the farthest
further than the furthest
Old older than the oldest
elder than the eldest
Much more than the most
Many
Little less than the least

Note:
*Adjectives ending in ed or -ing take more / the most : more pleased
*Adverbs coming from adjectives + ly take more / the most.
*** EXERCISES:
1-Write the comparative and superlative form of the following adjectives / adverbs:

1.thin 11.wet
2.difficult 12.funny
3.easy 13.useful
4.large 14.little
5.modern 15.clever
6.clearly 16.gently
7.hot 17.sad
8.important 18.green
9.early 19.safe
10.fast 20.dirty
2-Write the comparative or the superlative of the adjectives in brackets:
1- Sport is (interesting) ................................... politics
2-Ill try to finish the job (soon) ....................................... than you.
3-It was (busy) ................................. usual in town today
4-It was (boring) .............................. speech I have ever listened to
5-A mirror is a (useful) ................................... present ................. a mobile phone
6-Janet looks (thin) .................... she did.
7-June the 21st is (short) ............................ day of the year
8- You need to draw it (carefully) ........................
9-This factory uses (modern) .................................. production methods
10-The weather is getting (bad) ......................... .Yesterday it was sunny, and today its cloudy.
11-It was (sad) ....................... day of my life
12-My bag isnt (heavy) ................................................. those books
13-Its the (large) ............................. company in the country
14-I cant stay (long) ............................................... half an hour
3-Right or Wrong? If they are wrong, write them correctly.
1.-Silver isnt as expensive as gold.
2.-Indian food is the nicer than Chinese, I think.
3.-The telephone is one of the most useful inventions ever.
4.-I feel a much better now, thank you.
5.-The piano is heavier than the sofa.
7.-This is the most quickest way to the hotel.
8.-Youre taller than he is.
9.-Who is the cleverest studient in of the class?
4-Complete the sentence so that its meaning is similar to the first. Use the word in brackets.
1.-The living-room int as big as the kitchen. (bigger)
The kitchen ......................................................................................
2.-Im not as fit as you. (am)
Youre .................................................................................................
3.-The table and the desk are the same size. (big)
The table ........................................................................ the desk.
4.-The dress is cheaper than the skirt. (expensive)
The skirt ....................................................................... the dress.
6.-This crossword is the easiest. (difficult)
This crossword ................................................................................
7.-Ive never read a more romantic story. (most)
Its the .....................................................................................read.
Cuanto ms ... ms /// Cuanto menos ...
*Verbs
1.-The more + subject + verb ... the more + subject + verb
The more I see you, the more I understand you

2.-The less + subject + verb ... the less + subject + verb


The less I sleep the less I study
*Nouns
1.-The more + noun ... the more + noun
The more children come, the more chairs we need

2.-The less + uncountable noun ... the less + uncountable noun


The less milk I buy the less money I spend

3.-The fewer + count noun ... the fewer + count noun


The fewer children come the fewer chairs we need
*Adjectives
1.-The more + long adjective + subject + verb ... the more + long adjective + subject + verb
The more expensive a car is ... the more comfortable it is

2.-The short adj ER + subject + verb ... the short adj ER + subject + verb
The smaller a flat is ... the cheaper it is

3.-The less + adjective + subject + verb ... the less + adjective + subject + verb
The less funny a film is the less interested I am in it

Cada vez ms /// Cada vez menos


*Verbs
1.-Subject + Verb + more and more
We like more and more living in Spain

2.-Subject + Verb + less and less


Babies sleep less and less until they are 1 year old
*Nouns
1.-more and more + noun
More and more people study English in our country

2.-less and less + uncountable nouns


I earn less and less money

3.-fewer and fewer + countable nouns


Fewer and fewer children practise sports after school
*Adjectives
1.-more and more + long adjective
Exams are more and more difficult
2.-Short adjective er and short adjective er
Exams are longer and longer
3.-Less and less + adj -> Films are less and less interesting
*** EXERCISES:
1-Right or Wrong? If they are wrong, write them correctly.
1.-The longer you wait, so the harder itll be.
2.-The weather is getting hotter and more hotter.
3- Susan has less and less exams this week
4-The more we travel by car, more uncomfortable the car is
5-The faster you drive, the more afraid am i travelling with you
6-The bigger is a flat, the higher is the rent
7-Spanish films are fewer and fewer interesting
8-More and more students speak English in Spain
9-The more they practise their English, more good is their accent
10-Their accent is the more and more perfect.
2-Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the
first. Use the word in brackets.
1.-Prices just get higher all the time. (and)
Prices .................................................................................................
2.-Their excitement was increasing all the time. (excited)
They were getting ..........................................................................
3.-there is more people in the queue now than 20 minutes ago
The queue is getting ............................
4.-Products with a higher price are better because thir quality is better too.
The higher ..........................
5-We shouldnt leave very late because we will find more traffic.
The later ................................................
6.- In modern towns cars arent allowed in many places.
Cars are allowed in ..................................................................... in modern cities
7.-The teacher explained a lot of problems, but I understood very few of them
The more ........................................................................................................
8.-If you arrive home late, your father will get very angry.
The later ...........
9.-If you arrive home late, your father will give you very little money for the weekend
The later .....................................
10.-You cant buy as many things this year as last year with the same money.
Things are .............................................................