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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK

CALCULATION

Rectangular tank Design Calculation


Roark formulae for stress & strain
Length (longer side) of tank:
L 2000mm

Width of tank:
W 2000mm
Height of tank:
H 2500mm
Corrosion allowance ( CA):
CA 3mm
Internal design pressure:

Pi 1psi 0.069 bar

External design pressure:


kg To be conservative, checked for Pit filled with fluid
Pe 1000 g H 0.245 bar
3
m
Design temperature:
T 94 C
Density of service fluid:
kg
ser 1000 Service fluid density is assumed
3
m
Material is assumed as SA 516 70
MOC : SA 516 70

Density of MOC
kg 3 kg
mat 7850 7.85 10
3 3
m m

Allowable as per ASME DIV 1


Yield stress at design temperature
Plate thicknesses
y 240 MPa
Bottom plate thickness t1b 10mm
Ultimate tensile stress
u 483MPa
Side plate thickness t2s 8mm
Allowable stress at deign temperature:
Top plate thickness t3t 8mm
allow_bending 0.667 y 160.08 MPa

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Modulus of elasticity of material


E 199300MPa
Live load
N
Li 0.0136
2
mm

Dead Load

LD 0.04bar
Due to self weight+ weight of approx. stiffeners+misc. weight

DESIGN OF BOTTOM PLATE


Design load (internal pressure + static head)

q bi ser g H Pi 0.314 bar

Design load (Ext. pressure):


q be Pe 0.245 bar

Length of unsupported bottom plate panel


abottom 500mm

Width of unsupported bottom plate panel


b bottom 500mm

abottom
Ratiob 1
b bottom

b 0.16 b 0.022
Maximum stress for internal pressure
2
b q bi abottom
max_bottom_int 256.419 bar
t1b CA 2

Maximum stress for external pressure


2
b q be abottom
max_bottom_ext 200.136 bar
t1b CA 2

Allowable bending stress


allow_bending 1600.8 bar

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Maximum deflection for internal pressure at center

4
b q bi abottom
y max_bottom_int 0.632 mm

E t1b CA 3

Maximum deflection for external pressure at center


4
b q be abottom
y max_bottom_ext 0.493 mm

E t1b CA 3

Allowable deflection

Yallow
t1b CA 3.5 mm
2

DESIGN OF SIDE PLATE


ALONG LENGTH ALONG WIDTH
Length of unsupported side plate panel
Length of unsupported side plate panel
aside_width 500mm
aside 500mm
Width of unsupported side plate panel
Width of unsupported side plate panel
b side_width 500mm
b side 500mm
aside_width
aside Ratios_width 1
Ratios 1 b side_width
b side

s_w 0.16 s_w 0.022


s 0.16 s 0.022

Maximum stress for internal pressure Maximum stress for internal pressure

2 2
s q bi aside s_w q bi aside_width
max_side_int 502.582 bar max_side_int_width 502.58
t2s CA 2
t2s CA 2

Maximum stress for external pressure Maximum stress for external pressure

2 2
s q be aside s_w q be aside_width
max_side_ext 392.266 bar
max_side_ext_width 392.266 ba
t2s CA 2
t2s CA 2

Allowable stress
allow_bending 1600.8 bar

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Maximum deflection for internal pressure at center


4
s q bi aside
y max_side_int 1.734 mm

E t2s CA 3

Maximum deflection for external pressure at center


4
s q be aside
y max_side_ext 1.353 mm

E t2s CA 3

Allowable deflection

Yallow_side
t2s CA 2.5 mm
2

DESIGN OF TOP PLATE


Design load
q top Li LD 0.1psi 0.183 bar Top head will not be facing external pressure due
to filling of pit but to be conservative some external
pressure is assumed.
Length of unsupported top plate panel
atop 500mm

Width of unsupported top plate panel


b top 500mm

atop
Ratiot 1
b top

t 0.16 t 0.022

Maximum stress for external load

2
t q top atop
max_top_ext 292.632 bar
t3t CA 2

Allowable stress
allow_bending 1600.8 bar

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Maximum deflection for external load at center

4
s q top atop
y max_top_ext 1.009 mm

E t3t CA 3

Allowable deflection

Yallow_top
t3t CA 2.5 mm
2

Weight

SELECTION OF STIFFENERS FOR BOTTOM PLATE


Maximum load on panel per mm
Ntotal

N
Wbottom q bi max abottom b bottom max abottom b bottom 17.938
L W mm

Maximum bending moment


2
Wbottom abottom 5
M bottom 5.606 10 N mm
8
Required Section modulus

M bottom 3
Zbottom 3501.799 mm
allow_bending

Selected member: IPE 100A


Available section modulus
3 3
Zavail_bottom 4.77cm 4770 mm

Moment of inertia of stiffener member


4 5 4
Iy_bottom 13.1cm 1.31 10 mm

Maximum deflection of stiffener at center


4
5Wbottom abottom
y bottom 0.559 mm
384 E Iy_bottom

Allowable deflection


max abottom b bottom
Yallow_btm_stf 1.389 mm
360

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Selection of stiffeners for side plates


Maximum load on panel per mm


N
Wside q bi max aside b side 15.706
mm

Maximum bending moment


2
Wside aside 5
M side 4.908 10 N mm
8
Required Section modulus

M side 3
Zside 3065.985 mm
allow_bending

Selected member: L50 X 50 X 6


Available section modulus
3 3
Zavail_side 3.61cm 3610 mm

Moment of inertia of stiffener


4 4
Iy_side 12.8cm 128000 mm

Maximum deflection of stiffener at center

4
5Wside aside
y side 0.501 mm
384 E Iy_side

Allowable deflection

Yallow_side_stf

max aside b side
1.389 mm
360

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Selection of stiffeners for top plate


Maximum load on panel per mm


N
Wtop q top max atop b top 9.145
mm

Maximum bending moment


2
Wtop atop 5
M top 2.858 10 N mm
8
Required Section modulus

M top 3
Ztop 1785.189 mm
allow_bending

Selected member: 50 X 6
Available section modulus
3 3
Zavail_top 2.5cm 2500 mm

Moment of inertia of stiffener plate


4 4
Iy_top 6.25cm 62500 mm

Maximum deflection of stiffener at center

4
5Wside atop
y top 1.026 mm
384 E Iy_top

Allowable deflection

Yallow_top_stf

max atop b top 1.389 mm
360

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Wind effect on Tank


Wind velocity
m Assumed.
V 45
s Vessel will not be facing wind as it is in PIT
Shape factor
Cs 1.5
Projected area
2
Ap L H 5 m

Density of air
kg
air 1.226
3
m
air 2
Wind force 3
Fwind V Cs Ap 9.31 10 N
2

Blast load
Blast pressure
Pblast 0bar

Drag coefficient
Cd 2.05

Blast force
Fblast Pblast Cd Ap 0

Total force :
3
Ftotal Fwind Fblast 9.31 10 N

Overturning moment due to wind


H 7
M wind Ftotal 1.164 10 N mm
2

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

Dead Weight of tank


......Approximate weight is considered
Wdead.wt 2200kg

Uplift pressure on shell:

Ftotal 3
Pws 1.862 10 Pa
Ap

Moment due to uplift

2
Pws L H 7
M wH 1.164 10 N mm
2

If dead weight is more than 4M/D then No uplift occur

4 M wH
Ucheck 23274.844 N
L

Extra uplift force


3
Fuplift Ucheck Wdead.wt g 1.7 10 N

Weld leg size


lweld 6mm

Throat of weld

lweld
tthroat
1.414

Weld length parallel to wind direction or weld length perpendicular to projected area
W 2m

Shear stress developed in weld


Fuplift N
s 0.2
tthroat W 2
mm

Allowable shear stress


N
s_allow 0.45y 108
2
mm

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Rev 0 RECTANGULAR TANK
CALCULATION

150 mm of water + full of liquid

50mm of water

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