Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

Use Cases



Version 1.0 approved

Prepared by <Team 3>



Revision History
Name Date Reason For Changes Version

Copyright 2004 by Karl E. Wiegers. Permission is granted to use, modify, and distribute this document.
Use Cases for <project> Page 1

1. Guidance for Use Case Template

Document each use case using the template shown in the Appendix. This section provides a description of
each section in the use case template.

2. Use Case Identification

2.1. Use Case ID

Give each use case a unique integer sequence number identifier. Alternatively, use a hierarchical form: X.Y.
Related use cases can be grouped in the hierarchy.

2.2. Use Case Name

State a concise, results-oriented name for the use case. These reflect the tasks the user needs to be able to
accomplish using the system. Include an action verb and a noun. Some examples:
View part number information.
Manually mark hypertext source and establish link to target.
Place an order for a CD with the updated software version.
2.3. Use Case History

2.3.1 Created By
Page Neo Tao You and Jeffrey Pang Jian Hao

2.3.2 Date Created


2.3.3 Last Updated By

Supply the name of the person who performed the most recent update to the use case description.

2.3.4 Date Last Updated

Enter the date on which the use case was most recently updated.

3. Use Case Definition

3.1. Actors
The customer An actual person that makes an online reservation via the system.

Reservation Database A database that stores the reservation after the customer makes it.
Use Cases for <project> Page 2

Waiter An actual person that views the reservations made and can mark the customer as arrived via the
Order Database A database that stores current orders pending for the kitchen to prepare.

Kitchen Staff An actual person that can view orders and mark order as done via the system.

3.2. Trigger
The Customer accesses the system online to make a reservation.

3.3. Description
The customer accesses the system online to make a reservation. The reservation will be stored in the
reservation database and could be viewed by the waiter. When the customer arrives at the restaurant, the
waiter will mark the customer as arrived on the system, and the system will send the order to the order
database. The Kitchen staff will be able to view the order, and prepare the order and mark the order as done
when completed.

3.4. Preconditions
List any activities that must take place, or any conditions that must be true, before the use case can be
started. Number each precondition. Examples:
1. Users computer has sufficient free memory available to launch task.
3.5. Postconditions
Describe the state of the system at the conclusion of the use case execution. Number each postcondition.
1. Reservation Database will be updated with the reservation as arrived.
2. Order database will be updated with the order as completed.
3.6. Normal Flow
Manage Reservation
Make Reservation
Select Table.1 Customer selects vacant table from floor plan of restaurant.
Select Table.2 Customer enters name and contact details.

Select Order.1 Customer selects dishes to order from online menu.

Select Order.2 Customer confirms order and checks out.

Make Payment.1 Customer selects to pay online or at restaurant.

Make Payment.2 If paying online, direct customer to online payment site.
Use Cases for <project> Page 3

Update Reservations.1 Update the reservation database after Manage Reservation is completed.

Manage Customer Reservation

View Customer Reservation.1 Retrieve reservations from reservation database and display.

Mark Customer as arrived.1 indicates customer has arrived, includes Add Customers Order
Into Order Database and Update Reservations.

Manage Order
View Orders.1 View existing orders to prepare.

Mark Order as done.1 indicate order is completed, includes Update Orders.

Update Orders.1 Update order database when orders are completed.

3.7. Alternative Flows

Manage Reservation
Modify Reservation
Change Seat.1 Customer selects vacant table from floor plan of restaurant.

Change Order.1 Customer selects dishes to order from online menu.

Change Order.2 Customer confirms order and checks out.

Delete Reservation.1 Reservation deleted from database.

3.8. Exceptions
When user tries to modify reservation less than 24hrs to reservation time, error will be displayed.

3.9. Includes
Manage Reservation includes Update Reservations.

Mark Customer as Arrived includes Update Reservations and Add Customers Order into Database.

Manage Orders includes Update Orders.

Use Cases for <project> Page 4

3.10. Priority
Indicate the relative priority of implementing the functionality required to allow this use case to be
executed. The priority scheme used must be the same as that used in the softwarerequirements

3.11. Frequency of Use

Manage Reservation used by Customer 5 times per hour.
Manage Customer Reservation used by Waiter 1 time per minute.
Manage Order used by Kitchen Staff 1 time per minute.

3.12. Business Rules

List any business rules that influence this use case.

3.13. Special Requirements

Identify any additional requirements, such as nonfunctional requirements, for the use case that may need to
be addressed during design or implementation. These may include performance requirements or other
quality attributes.

3.14. Assumptions
List any assumptions that were made in the analysis that led to accepting this use case into the product
description and writing the use case description.

3.15. Notes and Issues

List any additional comments about this use case or any remaining open issues or TBDs (To Be
Determineds) that must be resolved. Identify who will resolve each issue, the due date, and what the
resolution ultimately is.
Use Cases for <project> Page 5

Use Case List

Primary Actor Use Cases

Customer Manage Reservation
Waiter Manage Customer Reservation
Kitchen Staff Manage Order
Reservation Database Update Reservation
Order Database Update Orders
Use Cases for <project> Page 6

Use Case Template

Use Case ID:
Use Case Name:
Created By: Last Updated By:
Date Created: Date Last Updated:

Preconditions: 1.
Postconditions: 1.
Normal Flow: 1.
Alternative Flows:
Frequency of Use:
Business Rules:
Special Requirements:
Notes and Issues: