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Control valves abound in every area of industrial process control. Control valves handle all kinds of fluids at temperatures from
the cryogenic range to well over 1000F(538C). Selection of a control valve body assembly requires particular consideration to
provide the best available combination of valve body style, material, and trim construction design for the intended service.
Capacity requirements and system operating pressure ranges also must be considered in selecting a control valve to ensure
satisfactory operation without undue initial expense.
Common Cause o
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Sizing Orifice Plat
Basics of Control
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Basics of Ultrason
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Information required to select a control valve. Photo Credit : Fisher

The numbers in the orange colored circles in the above control valve diagram corresponds to the serial numbers in the table
below where we have given the typical information required to select the right control valve. For example serial numbers 1, 2, 3,
4, 5 represents fluid properties corresponding to serial numbers 1, 2, 3, 4,5 in the table below.

To have a clear understanding of the information required to select a control valve which we have discussed in this article,
please read the following:
How control valves are specified RECENT POSTS
Control valve body materials 1 Control Valve
Common terms used in control valve applications Modes
Control valve
various ... read
Because of the tendency to get the selection of control valves wrong, most control valve manufacturers and their representatives
Apr 30 2017
have dedicated themselves to helping their clients select the control valve most appropriate for the existing service conditions.
To aid in selecting the right control valve, the following information must be provided before the actual sizing and selection Basics of Split
process: 2 Control Valve
In many proc
in industry, ...
Apr 30 2017
How a Self Op
1 Type of fluid to be controlled What fluid will you be controlling? Water?, natural gas? 3 Reducing Reg
A self operate
State the worst scenario temperature of the fluid in degree regulator is a
2 Temperature of fluid
Fahrenheit or Celsius Apr 20 2017
3 Viscosity of fluid
What is Damp
4 Specific gravity of fluid 4 Transmitters
5 Flow capacity of the control valve State the maximum and minimum flow rates. A process tran
measures a
State maximum and minimum inlet pressures expected to be handled
6 Inlet pressure at valve Apr 05 2017
by the control valve
State maximum and minimum outlet pressures expected to be ANSI B16.5 - M
7 Outlet pressure at valve 5 Temperature
handled by the control valve
Flange Fitting
Pressure drop during normal flowing
8 The Maximum
conditions pressure (psig
9 Pressure drop at shut off Apr 02 2017

State the maximum permissible noise level if required and the

10 Noise level Instrumentation Blog
measurement reference point e.g 55 dBA
Degrees of superheat or existence of flashing POPULAR POSTS
if known
Common P&ID sym
12 Inlet and outlet pipeline size and schedule Developing Instru
State whether any special tagging information
13 Instrument Abbre
is required for the control valve
Instrumentation D
State the required body material of the control valve - ASTM A216
14 Body material of the control valve
grade WCC, ASTM A217 grade WC9, ASTM A351 CF8M, etc.) How to Calibrate
Is it going to be screwed? Class 600 RF flanged? Class 1500 RTJ
15 End connections and valve ratings How a Pressure Sw
flanges? etc
16 Valve action desired when instrument air fails Is the valve to fail open, close or retains its last controlled position? Piping and Instrum
17 Instrument Air Availability State whether the valve require instrument air
18 Valve type number Only when required by manufacturer How to Read and
19 Valve size Instrumentation D

20 Valve body construction Is the valve body going to be angle? double-port? Butterfly? etc. Basics of Piping a
21 Valve port size State whether the valve port size is going to be full or restricted Diagrams (P&IDs)

State the desired valve trim materials How a Current to

required (I/P) Works
23 Flow action State whether flow will tend to open valve or close valve
How to Calibrate
24 Actuator size State the size of actuator required for the control valve. With a Dead Weig
25 Bonnet Style Is the bonnet style going to be plain, extension, bellows seal, etc.
How to Convert T
State the type of valve packing material - PTFE V-ring, laminated to Temperature
26 Valve packing materials
graphite, environmental sealing systems, etc.
State the control valve accessories required positioner, handwheel
27 Valve accessories TRANSLATE
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( 32 ) F
( 22 ) T
sensors ( 2
( 19 ) Instrume
( 19 ) Leve
( 15 ) DP
( 14 ) O
( 11 )
( 11 )
( 11 ) Pneu
( 10 ) Pr
( 10 ) RTD ( 9
( 9 ) Process Co
Noise ( 6 ) Elec
Protocol ( 6 ) Pre
KSB Commissioning Basics of Control Valve API641 API608 B16.34 The Valve Flow Coefficient 20mA Signals
Service - Installation Of Positioners Seal Weld - Chemical (Cv) Instrumentation
Pump Systems Refinery Ball Valves
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Sizing Control Valves Basic Types and Designs Valves

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