Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

BEAM

GAYA INTERNAL, DIAGRAM


GAYA GESER DAN MOMEN

SUTRIMO 1
Definisi Beam

Beam - structural member designed to support


loads applied at various points along its length.

Beam can be subjected to concentrated loads or


distributed loads or combination of both.

Beam design is two-step process:


1) determine shearing forces and bending
moments produced by applied loads
2) select cross
cross-section
section best suited to resist
shearing forces and bending moments

SUTRIMO 2
Apa itu Gaya Internal ?
Gaya Internal : gaya yang mengikat bersama berbagai
bagian struktur sehingga struktur tersebut menjadi kokoh

Straight two
two-force
force member AB is in
equilibrium under application of F and
-F.
Internal forces equivalent to F and -F are
required for equilibrium of free-bodies AC
and CB.

SUTRIMO 3
Reaksi pada Beam

Beams are classified according to way in which they are


supported.
pp
Reactions at beam supports are determinate if they
involve only three unknowns. Otherwise, they are
statically
i ll indeterminate.
i d i
SUTRIMO 4
Gaya Geser dan Momen pada Beam
Wish to determine bending moment
and shearing force at any point in a
beam subjected to concentrated and
distributed loads.

Determine reactions at supports by


treating
g whole beam as free-body.
y

Cut beam at C and draw free-body


di
diagrams for
f AC and d CB.
CB ByB
definition, positive sense for internal
force-couple systems are as shown.

From equilibrium considerations,


d t
determine
i M and d V or M and
d V.
V
SUTRIMO 5
Diagram Gaya Geser dan Momen pada Beam
Variation of shear and bending
moment along beam may be
plotted.
l d
Determine reactions at
supports.
supports
Cut beam at C and consider
member AC,
V P 2 M Px 2
Cut beam at E and consider
member
b EB,
EB
V P 2 M PL x 2

For a beam subjected to


concentrated loads, shear is
constant between loadingg ppoints
and moment varies linearly.
SUTRIMO 6
Contoh Soal 1
Given: A beam is supported
by a hinge at A,
A a roller at B.
B
Force applied at C. Moment
applied at D.
Find: Draw the shear and
bending moment diagrams
Plan:
a) Draw a FBD of the beam.
b) Calculate support reactions.
c) Find equivalent internal force-couple systems for free-bodies formed
by cutting beam on either side of load application points.

SUTRIMO 7
Contoh Soal 1 & jawaban

Ay By

MB = 0 Fy = 0
- Ay(20) + 0.6(10) 4 = 0 Ay + By 600 = 0
20Ay = 6 - 4 0.1 + By 0.6 = 0
Ay = 0.1 kip By = 0.5 kip

SUTRIMO 8
Potongan 1-1
2
1 3
V
M
1 2 3
x
0.1 kip 0.5 kip 0.1 kip
0 x < 10 ft

M1-1 = 0 F1-1 = 0
M 0.1(x)
( )=0 0.1 V = 0
M = 0.1(x) V = 0.1 kip
x = 0 ft MA = 0.1(0)
( ) = 0 kip-ft
p x = 0 ft VA = 0.1 kipp
x = 10 ft MC = 0.1(10) = 1 kip-ft x = 10 ft VC = 0.1 kip

SUTRIMO 9
Potongan 2-2
2
1 3
V
M
1 2 3

x
0.1 kip 0.5 kip 0.1 kip
10 x < 15 ft

M2-2 = 0 F2-2 = 0
M 0.1(x)
0 1(x) + 0.6(x
0 6(x 10) = 0 0 1 0.6
0.1 06V=0
M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x) 6 = 0 V = 0.1 0.6 kip
M = - 0.5(x)
0 5(x) + 6 V = - 0.5
0 5 kip
x = 10 ft MC = - 0.5(10) + 6 = 1 kip-ft x = 10 ft VC = - 0.5 kip
x = 15 ft MD = - 0.5(15)
0 5(15) + 6 = - 1.5
1 5 kip
kip-ft
ft x = 15 ft VD = - 0.5
0 5 kip
SUTRIMO 10
Potongan
g 3-3
2
1 3
V
M
1 2 3
x
0.1 kip 0.5 kip 0.1 kip
15 x < 20 ft

M3-3 = 0 F3-3 = 0
M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x 10) 4 = 0 0.1 0.6 V = 0
M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x) 6 4 = 0 V = 0.1 0.6 kip
M = - 0.5(x) + 10 V = - 0.5 kip
x = 15 ft MD = - 0.5(15) + 10 = 2.5 kip-ft x = 15 ft VD = - 0.5 kip
x = 20 ft MB = - 0.5(20) + 10 = 0 kip-ft x = 20 ft VD = - 0.5 kip
SUTRIMO 11
Diagram
g Geser dan Momen

M1-1 = 0 F1-1 = 0
M = 0.1(x)
0 1(x) V = 0.10 1 kip
MA = 0 kip-ft VA = 0.1 kip
MC = 1 kip-ft VC = 0.1 kip

M2-2 = 0 F2-2 = 0
M = - 0.5(x) + 6 V = - 0.5 kip
MC = 1 kip-ft
ki ft VC = - 0.5
0 5 kip
ki
MD = - 1.5 kip-ft VD = - 0.5 kip

M3-3 = 0 F3-3 = 0
M = - 0.5(x) + 10 V = - 0.5 kip
MD = 2.5 kip-ft
p VD = - 0.5 kip
p
MB = 0 kip-ft VB = - 0.5 kip

SUTRIMO 12
Contoh Soal 2
SOLUTION:
Taking entire beam as free-body,
calculate reactions at A and B.

Determine equivalent internal force-


couple systems at sections cut within
segments AC, CD and DB.
AC CD, DB
Draw the shear and bending moment
Plot results.
diagrams
g for the beam AB. The
distributed load of 7200 N/m. extends
over 0.3 m of the beam, from A to C,
and the 1800 N load is applied at E.

SUTRIMO 13
SOLUTION:
Taking entire beam as a free-body, calculate
reactions at A and B.
MA 0:
B y 0.8 m 2160 N 0.15 m 1800 N 0.55 m 0
B y 1642 N
MB 0:
2160 N0.65 m 1800 N0.25 m A0.8 m 0
A 2318 N
Fx 0 : Bx 0

Note: The 1800 N load at E may be replaced by


a 1800 N force and 180 Nm. couple at D.

SUTRIMO 14
Evaluate equivalent internal force-couple systems
at sections cut within segments AC, CD, and DB.
From A to C:

Fy 0 : 2318 7200 x V 0
V 2318 7200 x
M 1 0 : 2318 x 7200 x 12 x M 0
M 2318 x 3600 x 2
From C to D:
Fy 0 : 2318 2160 V 0
V 158 N

M 2 0 : 2318 x 2160 x 0.15 M 0


M 324 158 x N m

SUTRIMO 15
Evaluate equivalent internal force-couple
systems at sections cut within segments AC,
CD, and DB.
From D to B:
Fy 0 : 2318 2160 1800 V 0
V 1642 N

M2 0:
2318 x 2160 x 0.15 180 1800 x 0.45 M 0
M 1314 1642 x N m

SUTRIMO 16
Plot results.
From A to C:

V 2318 7200 x

M 2318 x 6000 x 2

From C to D:
V 158 N
M 324 158 x N m

From D to B:
V 1642 N
M 1314 1642 x N m

SUTRIMO 17
Contoh Soal 3

Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams


for the beam and loading shown.

SUTRIMO 18
Jawaban akhir

SUTRIMO 19
TERIMA KASIH

SUTRIMO 20