Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

# BEAM

## GAYA INTERNAL, DIAGRAM

GAYA GESER DAN MOMEN

SUTRIMO 1
Definisi Beam

## Beam - structural member designed to support

loads applied at various points along its length.

## Beam can be subjected to concentrated loads or

distributed loads or combination of both.

## Beam design is two-step process:

1) determine shearing forces and bending
2) select cross
cross-section
section best suited to resist
shearing forces and bending moments

SUTRIMO 2
Apa itu Gaya Internal ?
Gaya Internal : gaya yang mengikat bersama berbagai
bagian struktur sehingga struktur tersebut menjadi kokoh

Straight two
two-force
force member AB is in
equilibrium under application of F and
-F.
Internal forces equivalent to F and -F are
required for equilibrium of free-bodies AC
and CB.

SUTRIMO 3

## Beams are classified according to way in which they are

supported.
pp
Reactions at beam supports are determinate if they
involve only three unknowns. Otherwise, they are
statically
i ll indeterminate.
i d i
SUTRIMO 4
Gaya Geser dan Momen pada Beam
Wish to determine bending moment
and shearing force at any point in a
beam subjected to concentrated and

## Determine reactions at supports by

treating
g whole beam as free-body.
y

## Cut beam at C and draw free-body

di
diagrams for
f AC and d CB.
CB ByB
definition, positive sense for internal
force-couple systems are as shown.

## From equilibrium considerations,

d t
determine
i M and d V or M and
d V.
V
SUTRIMO 5
Diagram Gaya Geser dan Momen pada Beam
Variation of shear and bending
moment along beam may be
plotted.
l d
Determine reactions at
supports.
supports
Cut beam at C and consider
member AC,
V P 2 M Px 2
Cut beam at E and consider
member
b EB,
EB
V P 2 M PL x 2

## For a beam subjected to

and moment varies linearly.
SUTRIMO 6
Contoh Soal 1
Given: A beam is supported
by a hinge at A,
A a roller at B.
B
Force applied at C. Moment
applied at D.
Find: Draw the shear and
bending moment diagrams
Plan:
a) Draw a FBD of the beam.
b) Calculate support reactions.
by cutting beam on either side of load application points.

SUTRIMO 7
Contoh Soal 1 & jawaban

Ay By

MB = 0 Fy = 0
- Ay(20) + 0.6(10) 4 = 0 Ay + By 600 = 0
20Ay = 6 - 4 0.1 + By 0.6 = 0
Ay = 0.1 kip By = 0.5 kip

SUTRIMO 8
Potongan 1-1
2
1 3
V
M
1 2 3
x
0.1 kip 0.5 kip 0.1 kip
0 x < 10 ft

M1-1 = 0 F1-1 = 0
M 0.1(x)
( )=0 0.1 V = 0
M = 0.1(x) V = 0.1 kip
x = 0 ft MA = 0.1(0)
( ) = 0 kip-ft
p x = 0 ft VA = 0.1 kipp
x = 10 ft MC = 0.1(10) = 1 kip-ft x = 10 ft VC = 0.1 kip

SUTRIMO 9
Potongan 2-2
2
1 3
V
M
1 2 3

x
0.1 kip 0.5 kip 0.1 kip
10 x < 15 ft

M2-2 = 0 F2-2 = 0
M 0.1(x)
0 1(x) + 0.6(x
0 6(x 10) = 0 0 1 0.6
0.1 06V=0
M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x) 6 = 0 V = 0.1 0.6 kip
M = - 0.5(x)
0 5(x) + 6 V = - 0.5
0 5 kip
x = 10 ft MC = - 0.5(10) + 6 = 1 kip-ft x = 10 ft VC = - 0.5 kip
x = 15 ft MD = - 0.5(15)
0 5(15) + 6 = - 1.5
1 5 kip
kip-ft
ft x = 15 ft VD = - 0.5
0 5 kip
SUTRIMO 10
Potongan
g 3-3
2
1 3
V
M
1 2 3
x
0.1 kip 0.5 kip 0.1 kip
15 x < 20 ft

M3-3 = 0 F3-3 = 0
M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x 10) 4 = 0 0.1 0.6 V = 0
M 0.1(x) + 0.6(x) 6 4 = 0 V = 0.1 0.6 kip
M = - 0.5(x) + 10 V = - 0.5 kip
x = 15 ft MD = - 0.5(15) + 10 = 2.5 kip-ft x = 15 ft VD = - 0.5 kip
x = 20 ft MB = - 0.5(20) + 10 = 0 kip-ft x = 20 ft VD = - 0.5 kip
SUTRIMO 11
Diagram
g Geser dan Momen

M1-1 = 0 F1-1 = 0
M = 0.1(x)
0 1(x) V = 0.10 1 kip
MA = 0 kip-ft VA = 0.1 kip
MC = 1 kip-ft VC = 0.1 kip

M2-2 = 0 F2-2 = 0
M = - 0.5(x) + 6 V = - 0.5 kip
MC = 1 kip-ft
ki ft VC = - 0.5
0 5 kip
ki
MD = - 1.5 kip-ft VD = - 0.5 kip

M3-3 = 0 F3-3 = 0
M = - 0.5(x) + 10 V = - 0.5 kip
MD = 2.5 kip-ft
p VD = - 0.5 kip
p
MB = 0 kip-ft VB = - 0.5 kip

SUTRIMO 12
Contoh Soal 2
SOLUTION:
Taking entire beam as free-body,
calculate reactions at A and B.

## Determine equivalent internal force-

couple systems at sections cut within
segments AC, CD and DB.
AC CD, DB
Draw the shear and bending moment
Plot results.
diagrams
g for the beam AB. The
distributed load of 7200 N/m. extends
over 0.3 m of the beam, from A to C,
and the 1800 N load is applied at E.

SUTRIMO 13
SOLUTION:
Taking entire beam as a free-body, calculate
reactions at A and B.
MA 0:
B y 0.8 m 2160 N 0.15 m 1800 N 0.55 m 0
B y 1642 N
MB 0:
2160 N0.65 m 1800 N0.25 m A0.8 m 0
A 2318 N
Fx 0 : Bx 0

## Note: The 1800 N load at E may be replaced by

a 1800 N force and 180 Nm. couple at D.

SUTRIMO 14
Evaluate equivalent internal force-couple systems
at sections cut within segments AC, CD, and DB.
From A to C:

Fy 0 : 2318 7200 x V 0
V 2318 7200 x
M 1 0 : 2318 x 7200 x 12 x M 0
M 2318 x 3600 x 2
From C to D:
Fy 0 : 2318 2160 V 0
V 158 N

## M 2 0 : 2318 x 2160 x 0.15 M 0

M 324 158 x N m

SUTRIMO 15
Evaluate equivalent internal force-couple
systems at sections cut within segments AC,
CD, and DB.
From D to B:
Fy 0 : 2318 2160 1800 V 0
V 1642 N

M2 0:
2318 x 2160 x 0.15 180 1800 x 0.45 M 0
M 1314 1642 x N m

SUTRIMO 16
Plot results.
From A to C:

V 2318 7200 x

M 2318 x 6000 x 2

From C to D:
V 158 N
M 324 158 x N m

From D to B:
V 1642 N
M 1314 1642 x N m

SUTRIMO 17
Contoh Soal 3