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Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute

Autonomous operations and


communication demands

rnulf Jan Rdseth, MSc


Research Director, Maritime Transport Systems

Norwegian Space opportunities within the IAP program


Trondheim, May 27th 2014
70% of the surface of the
Earth is covered by
ocean

That is more than two


times the surface of the
Moon

80% is deeper
than 3.000 meter
Outline

Ocean Space and Autonomy


Autonomy and Communication
Five strategic areas of research for the future

SMART DEEPWATER ARCTIC RENEWABLES SEAFOOD


MARITIME Marine operations and Sustainable operations in Innovative solutions Robust solutions for
Energy efficient ships installations on Arctic waters for ocean energy seafood production
and safe operations ultradeep waters

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SMART MARITIME
Energy efficient ships and safe operations

SMARTER
Global market drivers:
SMART Climate change
MARITIME
Energy efficient Increasing demand for seaborne transport
ships and safe Shortage of energy
operations
Emission regulations
Maritime operations in rough conditions
Priority research areas:
Energy efficient shipping
Operations in extreme conditions
Reduction of emissions to air and sea
e-Navigation and more shore support
DEEPWATER
Marine operations and installations on ultra deep waters

DEEPER Global challenges:


DEEPWATER Resource exploitation from the ocean
Marine operations Ultra deep waters
and installations on
ultra deep waters Need for novel, cost effective solutions to meet the
requirements

Priority research areas:


Innovative offshore structures and floating
production systems
Marine and subsea operations
Lifetime extension
Autonomous systems
ARCTIC
Sustainable operations in Arctic waters

Market drivers:
COLDER Resource exploitation (petroleum, minerals and
ARCTIC biomarine)
Sustainable New shipping routes
operation in Arctic
waters More tourism
Requirements for safe and environment friendly
operations

Priority research areas:


Safe and sustainable ship operations
Infrastructure, Safety at sea, Search and Rescue
Offshore oil&gas and mineral exploitation;
autonomous systems
RENEWABLES
Innovative solutions for offshore energy

CLEANER
Market drivers:
Reliability of renewable energy supply
RENEWABLES
Innovative solutions Value creation; employment
for ocean energy Climate change
Pressure on land areas

Priority research areas:


Marine operations for "tow out and sink" substructures
Service and intevention vessels
Substructure and anchoring systems for floating turbines
Integrated systems for substructures and turbines
Operations, maintenance and modification
SEAFOOD
Robust solutions for sea food production

Market drivers:
SAFER
Increased need for food; lack of fresh water
SEAFOOD
Robust solutions for
Increased dependence of seafood import to Europe
sea food production Climate change and sustainablity
Increased profitability develops need for technology

Priority research areas:


Reliable and cost effective technology and solutions
Integrated, high tech systems
Operation and maintenance
Autonomous systems
Outline

Ocean Space and Autonomy


Autonomy and Communication
Communication needs are dependent on the
areas the autonomous systems operate in.

http://spendergast.blogspot.no/2014/04/imo-to-consider-iridium-for-gmdss.html
MUNIN: Remotely supported vessel deep sea
Issues:
- Safety
- Maintenance
- Legal
- Piracy

Solutions
- Only deep sea passage
- Monitoring
- Limited autonomy
Other unmanned ship concepts

Source Rolls Royce Holdings

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Require continuous tracking

Norwegian AISSat-1

www.marinetraffic.com
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High sea communication issues

Dependent on trade area and cost one have to expect varying degree of
communication service (bandwidth, latency and reliability)!

AMVER July 2012: www.amver.org

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Integrity of position and communication system

Large systems: Dangerous if


hijacked or broken into

Cost of system: Must be


dependable

Cost and availability: Need


autonomy to limit
communication cost and "fail to
safe" to handle outages

Generally easy to intercept,


jam or spoof satellite signals
New VTS services more cooperation
New vessel traffic services

More cooperation
Longer distances
Less reliance on physical AtoN

Heavy traffic
Straits of Singapore and Malacca
English Channel

Costly infrastructure
Northern Sea Route
Straits of Singapore and Malacca
Unmanned surface crafts

Mapping
Surveillance
Mine countermeasure
Anti piracy

Small and low cost AUVs

In free water as a "school"


Outflows from process plant or sewage
Monitoring harbour conditions
Watching for security breaches
.

Further from shore, with in situ docking station


Power charge
Mission data download
Inductive connections

Internet of Things at Sea
Large survey type AUVs
Need global communication (Inmarsat 4)
Can also use Iridium

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What with limitations in communication QoS?

Need methods for design of industrial autonomous systems


Effects of communication QoS, better models of wireless QoS

Share of responsibilities between autonomous system and remote control: Level of


autonomy?

Design of remote control centres

Risk reduction strategies