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Leadership vs Management - Difference and Comparison | Diffen Page 1 of 3

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Leadership vs Management

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An ongoing debate in academic circles over the past 50-odd years relates to the
correlation between leadership and management. Does a manager have to be a
great leader? Does a leader need to have good management skills? What is the
difference between leadership and management?

Comparison chart

Leadership Management

Leadership means "the ability of an Management comprises directing


individual to influence, motivate, and controlling a group of one or
and enable others to contribute more people or entities for the
Definition
toward the effectiveness and purpose of coordinating and
success of the organizations of harmonizing that group towards
which they are members." accomplishing a goal.

Are often called brilliant and Tend to be rational, under control


mercurial, with great charisma. problem solvers. They often focus
Yet, they are also often seen as on goals, structures, personnel, and
loners and private people. They are availability of resources. Managers
Personality Styles
comfortable taking risks, personalities lean toward
sometimes seemingly wild and persistence, strong will, analysis,
crazy risks. Almost all leaders have and intelligence.
high levels of imagination

Focus Leading people Managing work

Outcomes Achievements Results

Simply look at problems and devise Create strategies, policies, and


new, creative solutions. Using their methods to create teams and ideas
charisma and commitment, they that combine to operate smoothly.
excite, motivate, and focus others They empower people by soliciting
Approach to tasks
to solve problems and excel. their views, values, and principles.
They believe that this combination
reduces inherent risk and generates
success

Approach to risk Risk-taking Risk-averse

Role in decision- Facilitative Involved


making

Transformational, Consultative & Dictatorial,


Participative Authoritative,Transactional,
Styles
Autocratic, Consultative and
Democratic

Power through Charisma & Influence Formal authority & Position

Organization Leaders have followers Manager have subordinates

Appeal to Heart Head

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Contents: Leadership vs Management


1 Summary
2 Authority
3 Role conflicts
4 Trivia
5 Further Reading
6 References

Summary
Managing and leading are two different ways of organising people. Leadership is setting a
new direction or vision for a group that they follow, ie: a leader is the spearhead for that
new direction. On the other hand, management controls or directs people/resources in a
group according to principles or values that have already been established. The manager
uses a formal, rational method whilst the leader uses passion and stirs emotions.

Authority
People naturally and willingly follow leaders due to their charisma and personality traits,
whereas a manager is obeyed due to the formal authority vested in him/her. As a result,
people tend to be more loyal towards leaders rather than managers.

Role conflicts
Leadership is one of the several facets of management. Often the same people play wear
different hats - both leader and manager - at different points in time. Although not
essential, it certainly helps a manager if he/she is also a good leader. Conversely, leaders do
well if they have some degree of management skills because it helps them envision the
implementation of their strategic vision. Self-motivated groups may not need a leader and
may find leaders dominating. Alternatively, small teams may find a natural leader emerge
based on his/her specialized skills. But this leader may be subordinate to the team manager
in the organizational hierarchy, which may lead to conflicts.

Trivia
Leadership is doing the right things; management is doing things right. - Peter
Drucker

Further Reading
There are some good books available on Amazon.com on leadership and management:

Search Amazon.com leadership management

Showing 1 - 4 of 50 results
Influence and Lead: Leadership Skills for
Fundamentals fo Managers
Michael Nir (Paperbac Marlene Caroselli (Pa

Influence: Silent The Book on


Influencing - Leadership
Employing Powe John MacArthur (Pap
Michael Nir

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References
1. Difference between Leadership and Management - Team Technology
2. Leadership vs. Management - ChangingMinds.org
3. The Difference between Management and Leadership

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http://www.diffen.com/difference/Leadership_vs_Management 4/3/2014