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ListofancientGreekphilosophers
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ThislistofancientGreekphilosopherscontainsphilosopherswhostudiedinancientGreeceorspokeGreek.
AncientGreekphilosophybeganinMiletuswiththepreSocraticphilosopherThales[1][2]andlastedthrough
LateAntiquity.SomeofthemostfamousandinfluentialphilosophersofalltimewerefromtheancientGreek
world,including,Socrates,Plato,andAristotle.Abbreviationsusedinthislist:

c.=circa
fl.=flourished

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Name Life School Notes


5th/4th
Acrion Pythagorean visitedbyPlato
centuryBC
Adrastusof 2ndcentury wrotecommentariesonAristotle'sworksanda
Peripatetic
Aphrodisias AD commentaryonPlato'sTimaeus
wifeofHermias,andmotherofAmmoniusand
Aedesia 5thcentury Neoplatonic
Heliodorus
3rd/4th studiedunderIamblichusbeforefoundinghisown
Aedesius Neoplatonic
century schoolinPergamum
5th/6th
AeneasofGaza Neoplatonic aChristianconvertwhostudiedunderHierocles
century
1stcentury wroteabookcalledPyrrhonistDiscourseswhich
Aenesidemus Pyrrhonist
BC? becameacentraltextfortheskeptics
5th/4th
Aesara Pythagorean
centuryBC
Aeschinesof 2nd/1st Academic
Neapolis centuryBC skeptic
Aeschinesof 5th/4th
Socratic partofSocrates'circleandlikelypresentathisdeath
Sphettus centuryBC
AntiocheanconverttoChristianitywhostudiedin
Aetius 4thcenturyAD Peripatetic
Alexandria
5th/6th studiedunderMarinusofNeapolis.knownforhis
Agapius Neoplatonic
centuryAD learning
1st/2nd Knownforhissevereasceticismandteacherof
Agathobulus Cynicism
centuryAD Demonax
Agathosthenes
Agrippathe 1st/2nd thoughttobethecreatorofthe"fivegroundsof
Pyrrhonist
Skeptic centuryAD doubt"
2ndcentury Middle
Albinus
AD Platonist
2ndcentury Middle
Alcinous
AD? Platonist
Alcmaeonof 5th/5th
Pythagorean interestedinmedicine
Croton centuryBC
Alexamenusof 5thcentury mayhavebeenthefirsttowritephilosophical
Socratic
Teos BC? dialogues
Alexanderof Peripatetic
1stcenturyAD tutoredtheemperorNero
Aegae school
Alexanderof 2nd/3rd Peripatetic
influentialcommentatorontheCorpusAristotelicum
Aphrodisias centuryAD school
1st/2nd
Alexicrates Pythagorean
centuryAD
4th/3rd
Alexinus Megarian foundedhisownschoolwhichdidnotfarewell
centuryBC
3rdcentury
Amelius Neoplatonic studentofPlotinuswhowrotevoluminously
AD
Ammonius 5th/6th
Neoplatonic
Hermiae centuryAD
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Name Life School Notes


Ammoniusof Middle
1stcenturyAD teacherofPlutarch
Athens Platonist
2nd/3rd
AmmoniusSaccas Neoplatonic Plotinus'teacher
centuryAD
Anaxagoras 5thcenturyBC Pluralist
Anaxarchus 4thcenturyBC Atomist
1stcenturyBC
Anaxilaus /1stcentury Pythagorean
AD
7th/6th
Anaximander Milesian
centuryBC
Anaximenesof
6thcenturyBC Milesian
Miletus
2ndcentury
Androcydes Pythagorean
BC?
Andronicusof
1stcenturyBC Peripatetic
Rhodes
4th/3rd
Anniceris Cyrenaic
centuryBC
Antiochusof 2nd/1st Middle
Ascalon centuryBC Platonist
Antipaterof
4thcenturyBC Cyrenaic
Cyrene
2ndcentury
AntipaterofTarsus Stoic
BC
AntipaterofTyre 1stcenturyBC Stoic
5th/4th
Antisthenes Cynic
centuryBC
Antoninus 4thcenturyAD Neoplatonic
Apollodorusof 2ndcentury
Stoic
Athens BC
Apollodorusof 2ndcentury
Stoic
Seleucia BC
Apollodorusthe 2ndcentury
Epicurean
Epicurean BC
ApolloniusCronus 4thcenturyBC Megarian
Apolloniusof
1stcenturyAD Neopythagorean
Tyana
ApolloniusofTyre 1stcenturyBC Stoic
4th/3rd Academic
Arcesilaus
centuryBC skeptic
Archedemusof 2ndcentury
Stoic
Tarsus BC
Archelaus 5thcenturyBC Pluralist
5th/4th
Archytas Pythagorean
centuryBC

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Name Life School Notes


AreteofCyrene 4thcenturyBC Cyrenaic
6th/5th
Arignote Pythagorean
centuryBC
presentedthefirstknownmodelthatplacedtheSunat
Aristarchusof 4th/3th Academic
thecenteroftheknownuniversewiththeEarth
Samos centuryBC skeptic
revolvingaroundit.
5th/4th
Aristippus Cyrenaic
centuryBC
Aristippusthe
4thcenturyBC Cyrenaic
Younger
fl.6thcentury
Aristoclea
BC
Aristoclesof 1stcentury
Peripatetic
Messene AD?
3rd/2nd
Aristocreon Stoic
centuryBC
Aristoof 2nd/1st
Peripatetic
Alexandria centuryBC
3rd/2nd
AristoofCeos Peripatetic
centuryBC
4th/3rd
AristoofChios Stoic
centuryBC
Aristotle 4thcenturyBC Peripatetic founderofPeripateticschool
4th/3rd
AristotleofCyrene Cyrenaic
centuryBC
Aristotleof 2ndcentury
Peripatetic
Mytilene AD
Aristoxenus 4thcenturyBC Peripatetic
AriusDidymus 1stcenturyBC Stoic
Asclepiadesof 4th/3rd
Eretrian
Phlius centuryBC
Asclepiadesthe
4thcenturyAD Cynicism
Cynic
5th/6th
Asclepigenia Neoplatonic
centuryAD
Asclepiodotus 1stcenturyBC
Asclepiodotusof
5thcenturyAD Neoplatonic
Alexandria
2ndcentury
Aspasius Peripatetic
AD
Athenaeusof
1stcenturyBC Peripatetic
Seleucia
Athenodoros
1stcenturyBC Stoic
Cananites
Athenodoros 2nd/1st
Stoic
Cordylion centuryBC

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Name Life School Notes


Athenodorusof
3rdcenturyBC Stoic
Soli
1stcenturyBC
Attalus /1stcentury Stoic
AD
2ndcentury Middle
Atticus
AD Platonist
2ndcentury
Basilides(Stoic) BC Stoic Deniedtheexistenceofincorporealentities
Basilidesthe 3rd/2nd SucceededDionysiusofLamptraiastheheadofthe
Epicurean
Epicurean centuryBC EpicureanschoolatAthens
Batisof
3rdcenturyBC Epicurean
Lampsacus
Bionof 4th/3rd
Cynic Oncewasaslave,latertobereleased
Borysthenes centuryBC
BoethusofSidon 1stcenturyBC Peripatetic
BoethusofSidon 2ndcentury
Stoic
(Stoic) BC
BolusofMendes Pythagorean
Brontinus Pythagorean
BrysonofAchaea Megarian
5thcentury
Callicles Sophist?
BCE
Calliphon Peripatetic
Calliphonof
Pythagorean
Croton
Callistratus Sophist
c.214BC Academic
Carneades 129/8BC skeptic
Carneiscus Epicurean
Middle
CassiusLonginus c.213273
Platonist
Cebes Pythagorean
Celsus
Cercidas Cynic
Cercops Pythagorean
Chaerephon Socratic
Chamaeleon Peripatetic
164BCc.95 Academic
Charmadas
BC skeptic
Chrysanthius fl.4thcentury Neoplatonic
Chrysippus Stoic
Cleanthes Stoic
ClearchusofSoli Peripatetic

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Name Life School Notes


Cleiniasof
Pythagorean
Tarentum
Cleomedes Stoic
Cleomenes Cynic
Clinomachus Megarian
187BC109 Academic
Clitomachus
BC skeptic
Colotes Epicurean
Academic
Crantor bornc.350BC
Platonist
died268265 Academic
CratesofAthens
BC Platonist
CratesofMallus Stoic
CratesofThebes Cynic
Cratippusof
Peripatetic
Pergamon
Cratylus Ephesian
CrescenstheCynic Cynic
Crinis Stoic
Critolaus Peripatetic
Cronius Neopythagorean
bornc.458,
Damascius Neoplatonic
diedafter538
Damis Neopythagorean
Damo Pythagorean
Dardanusof
Stoic
Athens
DemetriusLacon Epicurean
Demetrius
Peripatetic
Phalereus
Demetriusof fl.4thcentury Academic
Amphipolis BC Platonist
Demetriusthe
Cynic
Cynic
Democrates Pythagorean?
Presocratic,
Democritus
Atomist
Demonax Cynic
Dexippus fl.350 Neoplatonic
DiagorasofMelos Sophist
Dicaearchus Peripatetic
DioChrysostom Sophist
fl.3rdor2nd Academic
DioclesofCnidus
centuryBC? Platonist
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Name Life School Notes


DiodorusCronus Megarian
Diodorusof fl.1stcentury Academic
Adramyttium BC skeptic
Diodorusof
Pythagorean
Aspendus
DiodorusofTyre Peripatetic
Diodotus Stoic
Diogenesof
Presocratic
Apollonia
Diogenesof
Stoic
Babylon
Diogenesof
Epicurean
Oenoanda
Diogenesof
Epicurean
Seleucia
Diogenesof
Cynic
Sinope
DiogenesofTarsus Epicurean
Dionysiusof
Megarian
Chalcedon
Dionysiusof
Stoic
Cyrene
Dionysiusof
Epicurean
Lamptrai
Dionysiusthe
Stoic
Renegade
fl.1stcentury Academic
DioofAlexandria
BC skeptic
Diotimaof
Mantinea
Diotimus Stoic
Domninusof
c.420c.480 Neoplatonic
Larissa
Echecrates Pythagorean
Ecphantus Pythagorean
Presocratic,
Empedocles
Pluralist
EpicharmusofKos Pythagorean
wroteTheEnchiridion,ahandbookofStoicethical
Epictetus Stoic
advice
saidthatthepurposeofphilosophywastoattain
Epicurus Epicurean
tranquilitycharacterizedbyataraxia
Eubulides Megarian
EuclidofMegara Megarian

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Name Life School Notes


Eudemusof
Peripatetic
Rhodes
Eudorusof
Peripatetic
Alexandria
410/408BC Academic
EudoxusofCnidus
355/347BC Platonist
Euenus Sophist
Euphantus Megarian
Euphraeus
Euphrates Stoic
Eurytus Pythagorean
Eusebiusof
fl.4thcentury Neoplatonic
Myndus
Eustathiusof
c.400 Neoplatonic
Cappadocia
fl.c.215c. Academic
Evander
205 skeptic
Favorinus Sophist
Middle
GaiusthePlatonist fl.2ndcentury
Platonist
Geminus Stoic
Gorgias Sophist
fl.2ndcentury Academic
HagnonofTarsus
BC skeptic
Hecataeusof
Pyrrhonist
Abdera
HecatoofRhodes Stoic
Hegesiasof
Cyrenaic
Cyrene
Hegesinusof Academic
fl.c.160BC
Pergamon skeptic
Hegias fl.c.500 Neoplatonic
Heliodorusof
fl.5thcentury Neoplatonic
Alexandria
HeraclidesLembus
Heraclides 387BC312 Academic
Ponticus BC Platonist
Presocratic, claimedthat"Youcannotstepinthesamerivertwice"
Heraclitus
Ephesian and"Allisfire."
Heraclius Cynic
Herillusof
Stoic
Carthage
Hermagorasof
Stoic
Amphipolis
Hermarchus Epicurean
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Name Life School Notes


bornc.410
Hermias Neoplatonic
diedc.450
Herminus Peripatetic
Hermippusof
Peripatetic
Smyrna
Hermotimusof
Clazomenae
Hicetas Pythagorean
Hierius flc.500 Neoplatonic
Hieroclesof
fl.c.430 Neoplatonic
Alexandria
Hierocles(Stoic) Stoic
Hieronymusof
Peripatetic
Rhodes
Himerius Sophist
Hipparchiaof
Cynic
Maroneia
Hippasus Pythagorean
Hippias Sophist
Hippo Presocratic
Horus Cynic
Hypatiaof born350370
Neoplatonic
Alexandria 415
Iamblichus c.245c.325 Neoplatonic
Ichthyas Megarian
Idomeneusof
Epicurean
Lampsacus
IonofChios Pythagorean
Isidoreof
fl.c.475 Neoplatonic
Alexandria
JasonofNysa Stoic
before241c. Academic
LacydesofCyrene
205BC skeptic
Leonteusof
Epicurean
Lampsacus
Leontion Epicurean
Presocratic,
Leucippus
Atomist
LycoofIasos Pythagorean
LycoofTroas Peripatetic
Lycophron Sophist
LysisofTaras Pythagorean
Marinusof
bornc.450 Neoplatonic
Neapolis

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Name Life School Notes


Maximusof
died372 Neoplatonic
Ephesus
Middle
MaximusofTyre fl.2ndcentury
Platonist
Meleagerof
Cynic
Gadara
Presocratic,
MelissusofSamos
Eleatic
Menedemus Eretrian
Menedemusof Academic
fl.c.350BC
Pyrrha Platonist
Menedemusthe
Cynic
Cynic
Menippus Cynic
Metrocles Cynic
Metrodorusof
Athens
Metrodorusof
Atomist
Chios
MetrodorusofCos Pythagorean
Metrodorusof
Lampsacus(the Presocratic
elder)
Metrodorusof
Lampsacus(the Epicurean
younger)
Metrodorusof fl.2ndcentury Academic
Stratonicea BC skeptic
Mnesarchusof
Stoic
Athens
Moderatusof
Neopythagorean
Gades
Monimus Cynic
Myia Pythagorean
Nausiphanes Atomist
Nicareteof
Megarian
Megara
Nicolausof
Damascus
Nicomachus Neopythagorean
Nicomachus(son
Peripatetic
ofAristotle)
Numeniusof
fl.c.275 Neopythagorean
Apamea
Nymphidianusof
fl.c.360 Neoplatonic
Smyrna

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Name Life School Notes


OcellusLucanus Pythagorean
Oenomausof
Cynic
Gadara
Olympiodorusthe
Peripatetic
Elder
Olympiodorusthe
c.495570 Neoplatonic
Younger
Middle
Onasander fl.1stcentury
Platonist
Onatas Pythagorean
Middle
OrigenthePagan fl.c.250
Platonist
Panaetius Stoic
Pancratesof
Cynicism
Athens
Panthoides Megarian
Parmenidesof Presocratic, heldthattheonlythingthatexistsisbeingitself
Elea Eleatic teacherofZenoofElea
PasiclesofThebes Megarian
Patrothe
Epicurean
Epicurean
PeregrinusProteus Cynicism
Persaeus Stoic
Socratic,School
PhaedoofElis
ofElis
Phaedrus Epicurean
PhaniasofEresus Peripatetic
PhantoofPhlius Pythagorean
fl.4thcentury
PhilipofOpus Academic
BC
Philiscusof
Aegina Cynicism
Philiscusof
Sophist
Thessaly
Middle
Philo 20BC50AD
Platonist
159/158BC Academic
PhiloofLarissa
84/83BC skeptic
Philothe
Megarian
Dialectician
Philodemus Epicurean
Philolaus Pythagorean
Philonidesof
Epicurean
Laodicea
Philostratus Sophist
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Name Life School Notes


Phintys Pythagorean
428/427BC studentofSocratesandteacherofAristotlefamous
Plato Academic
348/347BC fortheTheoryofForms
Plotinus c.204270 Neoplatonic
Middle
Plutarch c.46120
Platonist
PlutarchofAthens c.350430 Neoplatonic
Polemarchus
PolemonofAthens Stoic
Polemonof
Sophist
Laodicea
before314BC
Polemon Academic
270/269BC
Polus
Polyaenusof
Epicurean
Lampsacus
Polystratus Epicurean
taughtbyPlotinuswrotetheIsagoge,anintroduction
Porphyry 234c.305 Neoplatonic
toAristotle's"Categories",
Posidonius Stoic
Potamoof
Eclecticism
Alexandria
Praxiphanes Peripatetic
PriscianofLydia fl.c.550 Neoplatonic
PriscusofEpirus c.305c.395 Neoplatonic
Proclus 412485 Neoplatonic
ProclusMallotes Stoic
Prodicus Sophist
Protagoras Sophist
PtolemyelGarib Peripatetic
Pyrrho Pyrrhonist creditedasbeingthefirstskepticphilosopher
Pythagoras Pythagorean
Sallustius Neoplatonic
Sallustiusof
Cynicism
Emesa
Satyrus Peripatetic
Secundusthe
Cynicism
Silent
Sextusof
Stoic
Chaeronea
SimmiasofThebes Pythagorean
Simonthe
Socratic
Shoemaker

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Name Life School Notes


Simpliciusof
c.490c.560 Neoplatonic
Cilicia
Siro Epicurean
foundingfigureofWesternphilosophydiedby
Socrates Socratic
drinkingthehemlock
diedbefore
SopaterofApamea Neoplatonic
337
Sosigenes Peripatetic
Sosipatra fl.c.325 Neoplatonic
Sotion Neopythagorean
c.407BC
Speusippus 339BC Academic
Sphaerus Stoic
Stilpo Megarian
Stratoof
Peripatetic
Lampsacus
Syrianus diedc.437 Neoplatonic
Telauges Pythagorean
died167/166 Academic
TeleclesofPhocis
BC skeptic
TelestheCynic Cynicism
Presocratic, thefirstphilosopherheldthatthefirstprinciple
Thales
Milesian (arche)iswateroneoftheSevenSagesofGreece
Theagenesof
Cynicism
Patras
Theano Pythagorean
Themistaof
Epicurean
Lampsacus
Themistius Neoplatonic
Theodorusof
fl.3rdcentury Neoplatonic
Asine
Theodorusthe
Cyrenaic
Atheist
TheonofSmyrna Neopythagorean
Theophrastus Peripatetic
Thrasymachus Sophist
Thrasymachusof
Megarian
Corinth
TimaeusofLocri Pythagorean
fl.between1st
Timaeusthe Middle
and4th
Sophist Platonist
centuries
Timon Pyrrhonist
Timycha Pythagorean

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Name Life School Notes


Tisias Sophist
Xenarchusof
Peripatetic
Seleucia
Xeniades Pyrrhonist
c.396BC
Xenocrates Academic
314BC
Xenophanesof Presocratic, claimedthat,ifoxenwereabletoimaginegods,those
Colophon Eleatic godswouldbeintheimageofoxen
Xenophilus Pythagorean friendandteacherofAristoxenus
Zenobius Sophist
Zenodotus fl.c.475 Neoplatonic describedas"thedarlingofProclus"
ZenoofCitium Stoic founderoftheStoicschoolofphilosophy
Presocratic,
ZenoofElea famouscreatorofZeno'sparadoxes
Eleatic
ZenoofSidon Epicurean sometimestermedthe"leadingEpicurean"
ZenoofTarsus Stoic

Seealso
ListofancientPlatonists
ListofCynicphilosophers
ListofEpicureanphilosophers
ListofStoicphilosophers

References
1.Aristotle,MetaphysicsAlpha,983b18.
2.Russell,Bertrand."TheHistoryofWesternPhilosophy."1945

Externallinks
"Greekphilosophy"attheInternetEncyclopediaofPhilosophy(http://www.iep.utm.edu/g/greekphi.htm)
"Presocraticphilosophy"attheStanfordEncyclopediaofPhilosophy(http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pre
socratics/)

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