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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 4

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise A, Question 1

Question:

Sketch the following curves and indicate clearly the points of intersection with the axes:

(a)

y = (x − 3)(x − 2)(x + 1)

(b)

y = (x − 1)(x + 2)(x + 3)

(c)

y = (x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3)

(d)

y = (x + 1)(1 − x)(x + 3)

(e)

y = (x − 2)(x − 3)(4 − x)

(f)

y = x(x − 2)(x + 1)

(g)

y = x(x + 1)(x − 1)

(h)

y = x(x + 1)(1 − x)

(i)

y = (x − 2)(2x − 1)(2x + 1)

(j)

y = x(2x − 1)(x + 3)

Solution:

(a) y = 0

x =

− 1, 2, 3

x

= 0

y = 6

x

→ ∞ , y → ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (b) y =

(b)

y = 0

x = 1,

− 2,

− 3

x

= 0

y =

− 6

x

, y

→ ∞

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 2 of 4

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 4 (c) y = 0 ⇒ x

(c) y = 0

x =

− 1,

− 2,

− 3

x

= 0

y = 6

x

, y → ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (d) y =

(d) y = 0

x =

− 1, 1,

− 3

x

= 0

y = 3

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

, y → − ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞ (e) y =

(e) y = 0

x = 2, 3, 4

x

= 0

y = 24

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

y = 24 x → ∞ , y → − ∞ x → − ∞ ,

(f) y = 0

x = 0,

− 1, 2

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 3 of 4

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (g) y =

(g) y = 0

x = 0, -1, 1

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (h) y =

(h) y = 0

x = 0,

− 1, 1

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

, y → − ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞ (i) y =

(i) y = 0

x = 2,

1 1

2

2

,

x

= 0

y = 2

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (j) y =

(j) y = 0

x = 0,

1

2

,

− 3

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 4 of 4

x

, y

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 4 of 4 x → − ∞ , y

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 4

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise A, Question 2

Question:

Sketch the curves with the following equations:

(a)

y = (x + 1) 2 (x − 1)

(b)

y = (x + 2)(x − 1) 2

(c)

y = (2 − x)(x + 1) 2

(d)

y = (x − 2)(x + 1) 2

(e)

y = x 2 (x + 2)

(f)

y = (x − 1) 2 x

(g)

y = (1 − x) 2 (3 + x)

(h)

y = (x − 1) 2 (3 − x)

(i)

y = x 2 (2 − x)

(j)

y = x 2 (x − 2)

Solution:

(a) y = 0

x = 0

Turning point at ( − 1 , 0).

y =

x =

− 1

− 1 (twice), 1

x

→ ∞ , y → ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (b) y =

(b) y = 0

x = 0

Turning point at (1 , 0).

x

x =

− 2, 1 (twice)

y = 2

, y

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 2 of 4

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 4 (c) y = 0 x =

(c) y = 0

x = 0

Turning point at ( − 1 , 0).

x = 2,

− 1 (twice)

y = 2

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

y → − ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞ (d) y = 0

(d)

y = 0

x = 2,

− 1 (twice)

x

= 0

y =

− 2

Turning point at ( − 1 , 0).

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (e) y =

(e) y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0).

x = 0 (twice),

− 2

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

point at (0 , 0). ⇒ x = 0 (twice), − 2 x → ∞ ,

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 3 of 4

(f) y = 0

Turning point at (1 , 0).

x = 0, 1 (twice)

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (g) y =

(g) y = 0

x = 0

Turning point at (1 , 0).

x = 1 (twice),

y = 3

− 3

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (h) y =

(h) y = 0

x = 0

Turning point at (1 , 0).

x = 1 (twice), 3

y = 3

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

, y → − ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞ (i) y =

(i) y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0).

x = 0 (twice), 2

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 4 of 4

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 4 of 4 (j) y = 0 Turning point

(j) y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0).

x = 0 (twice), 2

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

= 0 (twice), 2 x → ∞ , y → ∞ x → − ∞ ,

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 4

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise A, Question 3

Question:

Factorise the following equations and then sketch the curves:

(a)

y = x 3 + x 2 − 2x

(b)

y = x 3 + 5x 2 + 4x

(c)

y = x 3 + 2x 2 + x

(d)

y = 3x + 2x 2 x 3

(e)

y = x 3 x 2

(f)

y = x x 3

(g)

y = 12x 3 − 3x

(h)

y = x 3 x 2 − 2x

(i)

y = x 3 − 9x

(j)

y = x 3 − 9x 2

Solution:

(a) y = x 3 + x 2 − 2x = x(x 2 + x − 2)

So y = x(x + 2)(x − 1)

y

= 0

x = 0, 1,

− 2

x

→ ∞ , y → ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (b) y =

(b) y = x 3 + 5x 2 + 4x = x(x 2 + 5x + 4)

So y = x(x + 4)(x + 1)

y

= 0

x = 0,

− 4,

− 1

x

, y

→ ∞

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 2 of 4

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 4 (c) y = x 3 +

(c) y = x 3 + 2x 2 + x = x(x 2 + 2x + 1)

So y = x(x + 1) 2

y = 0

Turning point at ( − 1 , 0).

x = 0,

− 1 (twice)

x

, y → ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (d) y =

(d) y = 3x + 2x 2 x 3 = x(3 + 2x x 2 )

So y = x(3 − x)(1 + x)

y

= 0

x = 0, 3,

− 1

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

 
− ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞   (e) y = x 3

(e) y = x 3 x 2 = x 2 (x − 1)

y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0).

x = 0 (twice), 1

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 3 of 4

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 3 of 4 (f) y = x − x

(f) y = x x 3 = x(1 − x 2 )

So y = x(1 − x)(1 + x)

y

= 0

x = 0, 1,

− 1

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

 
− ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞   (g) y = 12 x

(g) y = 12x 3 − 3x = 3x(4x 2 − 1)

So y = 3x(2x − 1)(2x + 1)

y = 0

x → ∞ , y → ∞

x

1 1

2

,

2

x = 0,

, y

1 1 2 , − 2 ⇒ x = 0, → − ∞ , y →

(h) y = x 3 x 2 − 2x = x ( x 2 x − 2 )

So y = x ( x + 1 )

( x − 2 )

y

= 0

x = 0,

− 1, 2

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 4 of 4

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 4 of 4 (i) y = x 3 −

(i) y = x 3 − 9x = x ( x 2 − 9 )

So y = x ( x − 3 )

( x + 3 )

y

= 0

x = 0, 3,

− 3

x

, y → ∞

x

, y

, y → ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (j) y =

(j) y = x 3 − 9x 2 = x 2 ( x − 9 )

y = 0

Turning point at (0,0).

x = 0 (twice), 9

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

= 0 (twice), 9 x → ∞ , y → ∞ x → − ∞ ,

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 2

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise B, Question 1

Question:

Sketch the following curves and show their positions relative to the curve y = x 3 :

(a)

y = (x − 2) 3

(b)

y = (2 − x) 3

(c)

y = (x − 1) 3

(d)

y = (x + 2) 3

(e)

y =

− (x + 2) 3

Solution:

(a) y = 0

x = 0

x = 2, so curve crosses x -axis at (2 , 0)

y = − 8, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 ,

− 8)

(2 , 0) y = − 8, so curve crosses y -axis at (0 , −

Curve is a translation of + 2 in x direction of the curve y = x 3 .

(b) y = 0

x = 0

y = (2 − x) 3 =

x = 2, so curve crosses x-axis at (2 , 0)

so curve crosses y-axis at (0 , 8)

x 3

y = 8 ,

− (x − 2) 3 , so shape is like y =

at (2 , 0) so curve crosses y -axis at (0 , 8) − x 3

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 2 of 2

This is a horizontal translation of + 2 of the curve y = − x 3 .

(c) y = 0

x = 0

y = (x − 1) 3 is a horizontal translation of + 1 of y = x 3 .

x = 1, so curve crosses x-axis at (1 , 0)

y = − 1, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 ,

− 1)

⇒ ⇒ y = − 1, so curve crosses y -axis at (0 , − 1)

(d) y = 0

x = 0

y = (x + 2) 3 is same shape as y = x 3 but translated horizontally by − 2.

x =

− 2, so curve crosses x-axis at ( − 2 , 0)

y = 8, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 , 8)

− 2 , 0) ⇒ y = 8, so curve crosses y -axis at (0 ,

(e) y = 0

x = 0

y = − (x + 2) 3 is a reflection in x-axis of y =

x =

− 2, so curve crosses x-axis at ( − 2 , 0)

− 8)

y = − 8, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 ,

− (x + 2) 3 .

( − 2 , 0) − 8) ⇒ y = − 8, so curve crosses y

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 3

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise B, Question 2

Question:

Sketch the following and indicate the coordinates of the points where the curves cross the axes:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

y = (x + 3) 3

y = (x − 3) 3

y = (1 − x) 3

y =

y =

− (x − 2) 3

− (x

1

2

) 3

Solution:

(a)

x = 0

y = (x + 3) 3 is a translation of − 3 in x-direction of y = x 3 .

y = 0

x =

− 3, so curve crosses x-axis at ( − 3 , 0)

y = 27, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 , 27)

( − 3 , 0) y = 27, so curve crosses y -axis at (0 ,

(b) y = 0

x = 0

y = (x − 3) 3 is a horizontal translation of + 3 of y = x 3 .

x = 3, so curve crosses x-axis at (3 , 0)

y = − 27, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 , − 27)

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 2 of 3

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 3 (c) y = 0 x =

(c) y = 0

x = 0

y = (1 − x) 3 is a horizontal translation of y = − x 3 .

x = 1, so curve crosses x-axis at (1 , 0)

y = 1, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 , 1)

at (1 , 0) ⇒ y = 1, so curve crosses y -axis at (0 ,

Horizontal translation + 1 of y = − x 3 .

(d) y = 0

x = 0

y =

x = 2, so curve crosses x-axis at (2 , 0)

y = 8, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 , 8)

− (x − 2) 3 is a translation ( + 2 in x-direction) of y = − x 3 .

translation ( + 2 in x -direction) of y = − x 3 . (e) y

(e) y = 0

x =

1

2

, so curve crosses x-axis at (

1

2

, 0)

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 3 of 3

x = 0

y =

− (x

y =

1

8

, so curve crosses y-axis at (0 ,

1

8

)

1 2 ) 3 is a horizontal translation ( +

1 x 3 .

2

) of y =

at (0 , 1 8 ) 1 2 ) 3 is a horizontal translation ( +

© Pearson Education Ltd 2008

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise C, Question 1

Question:

Sketch on the same diagram

 

2

4

y =

x

and y =

x

Solution:

 

4

2

For x > 0,

x

>

x

So

4

x

is ‘on top’ of

(since 4 > 2)

2

x

in 1st quadrant and ‘below’ in 3rd quadrant

4 x is ‘on top’ of (since 4 > 2) 2 x in 1st quadrant and

© Pearson Education Ltd 2008

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise C, Question 2

Question:

Sketch on the same diagram

y =

2

x

and y =

Solution:

2

x

y

y

 

2

=

> 0 for x > 0

 

x

 

2

=

< 0 for x > 0

 

x

x > 0   x   2 = − < 0 for x > 0  

© Pearson Education Ltd 2008

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise C, Question 3

Question:

Sketch on the same diagram

y =

4

x

and y =

Solution:

2

x

 

1

Graphs are like y = −

x

 

4

2

For x < 0,

 

>

 

4

x

x

So

x

is ‘on top’ of

and so exist in 2nd and 4th quadrants.

2

x

in 2nd quadrant and ‘below’ in 4th quadrant.

and so exist in 2nd and 4th quadrants. 2 x in 2nd quadrant and ‘below’ in

© Pearson Education Ltd 2008

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise C, Question 4

Question:

Sketch on the same diagram

 

3

8

y =

x

and y =

x

Solution:

 
 

8

3

For x > 0,

x

>

x

So y =

8

x

is ‘on top’ of y =

3

x

in 1st quadrant and ‘below’ in 3rd quadrant.

x So y = 8 x is ‘on top’ of y = 3 x in 1st

© Pearson Education Ltd 2008

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise C, Question 5

Question:

Sketch on the same diagram

y =

3

x

and y =

Solution:

8

x

For x < 0,

So y =

8

x

8

x

>

3

x

is ‘on top’ of y =

3

x

in 2nd quadrant and ‘below’ in 4th quadrant.

− 3 x is ‘on top’ of y = − 3 x in 2nd quadrant and

© Pearson Education Ltd 2008

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 6

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 1

Question:

In each case:

(i) sketch the two curves on the same axes

(ii) state the number of points of intersection

(iii) write down a suitable equation which would give the x-coordinates of these points. (You are not required to solve this equation.)

(a)

y = x 2 , y = x(x 2 − 1)

(b) y = x(x + 2), y =

3

x

(c)

(d)

y = x 2 , y = (x + 1)(x − 1) 2

y = x 2 (1 − x), y =

2

x

(e)

y = x(x − 4), y =

1

x

(f)

y = x(x − 4), y =

1

x

(g)

y = x(x − 4), y = (x − 2) 3

(h)

(i)

(j)

y =

y =

y =

x 3 , y =

2

x

x 3 , y = x 2

x 3 , y =

x(x + 2)

Solution:

(a) (i) y = x 2 is standard

y

= x(x 2 − 1) = x(x − 1)(x + 1)

y

= 0

x = 0, 1,

− 1

x

, y → ∞

x

, y

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 2 of 6

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 2 of 6 (ii) y = x 2 cuts

(ii) y = x 2 cuts y = x(x 2 − 1) in 3 places.

(iii) Solutions given by x 2 = x(x 2 − 1)

(b) (i) y = x(x + 2) is a

y = 0

x = 0,

− 2

y =

3

x

is like y =

1

x

-shaped curve

− 2 y = − 3 x is like y = − 1 x ∪ -shaped

(ii) Curves cross at only 1 point.

(iii) Equation: −

3

x

= x(x + 2)

(c) (i) y = x 2 is standard

y

= (x + 1)(x − 1) 2

 

y

= 0

x =

− 1, 1 (twice)

Turning point at (1 , 0)

x

, y +

x

, y

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 3 of 6

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 3 of 6 (ii) 3 points of intersection (iii)

(ii) 3 points of intersection

(iii) Equation: x 2 = (x + 1)(x − 1) 2

(d) (i) y = x 2 (1 − x)

y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0)

x → ∞ , y

x , y → ∞

y =

x = 0 (twice), 1

2

x

is like y =

1

x

and in 2nd and 4th quadrants

2 x is like y = 1 x and in 2nd and 4th quadrants − −

(ii) 2 points of intersection

(iii) Equation: −

2

x

= x 2 (1 − x)

(e) (i) y = x(x − 4) is a

y

= 0

x = 0, 4

y

=

1

x

is standard

-shaped curve

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 4 of 6

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 4 of 6 (ii) 1 point of intersection (iii)

(ii)

1 point of intersection

(iii) Equation:

1

x

= x(x − 4)

(f) (i) y = x(x − 4) is a

y = 0

x = 0, 4

-shaped curve

1

y =

At x = 2 ,

y

y = x(x − 4) gives y = 2( − 2) =

So y =

x

1

x

is standard and in 2nd and 4th quadrants

gives y =

1

2

1

x

− 4

cuts y = x(x − 4) in 4th quadrant.

=

1 2 1 x − 4 cuts y = x ( x − 4) in 4th

(ii)

3 points of intersection

(iii) Equation: −

1

x

= x(x − 4)

(g) (i) y = x(x − 4) is a

y = 0

x = 0, 4

-shaped curve

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 5 of 6

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1 Page 5 of 6 (ii) 1 point of intersection (iii)

(ii)

1 point of intersection

(iii)

x(x − 4) = (x − 2) 3

(h)

(i) y = − x 3 is standard

y =

2

x

is like y =

1

x

and in 2nd and 4th quadrants.

− 2 x is like y = − 1 x and in 2nd and 4th quadrants.

(ii)

(iii)

2 points of intersection

x 3 =

2

or x 3 =

2

 

x

x

(i) (i) y =

y = x 2 is standard

x 3 is standard

= 2   x x (i) (i) y = y = x 2 is standard −

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 6 of 6

[At (0,0) the curves actually touch. They intersect in the second quadrant.]

(iii) x 2 =

x 3

(j) (i) y =

x 3 is standard

y

=

x(x + 2) is

shaped

y

= 0

x = 0,

− 2

is ∩ shaped y = 0 ⇒ x = 0, − 2 (ii) 3 points of

(ii) 3 points of intersection

(iii)

x 3 =

x(x + 2) or x 3 = x(x + 2)

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 2

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = x 2 (x − 4) and y = x(4 − x).

(b)

Find the coordinates of the points of intersection.

Solution:

(a) y = x 2 (x − 4)

y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0)

x = 0 (twice), 4

y

= x(4 − x) is

shaped

y

= 0

x = 0, 4

− x ) is ∩ shaped y = 0 ⇒ x = 0, 4 (b) x

(b) x(4 − x) = x 2 (x − 4)

0 = x 2 (x − 4) − x(4 − x) Factorise: 0 = x(x − 4)(x + 1) So intersections at x = 0, − 1, 4 So points are [using y = x(4 − x)] (0, 0) ; ( − 1,

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− 5) ; (4, 0)

Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

Page 1 of 1

Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 3

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = x(2x + 5) and y = x(1 + x) 2

(b)

Find the coordinates of the points of intersection.

Solution:

(a) y = x(2x + 5) is

y

= 0

x = 0,

5

2

shaped

y

y

Turning point at ( − 1 , 0)

= x(1 + x) 2

= 0

x = 0,

− 1 (twice)

x

, y

→ ∞

x

, y

→ ∞ x → − ∞ , y → − ∞ (b) x (1 + x

(b) x(1 + x) 2 = x(2x + 5)

x [ x 2 + 2x + 1 − (2x + 5) ]

x(x 2 − 4) = 0

x(x − 2)(x + 2) = 0

− 2

x = 0, 2,

= 0

So points are [using y = x(2x + 5)]: (0, 0) ; (2, 18) ; ( − 2,

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 4

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = (x − 1) 3 and y = (x − 1)(1 + x).

(b)

Find the coordinates of the points of intersection.

Solution:

(a) y = (x − 1) 3 is like y = x 3 with crossing points at (1 , 0) and (0,

− 1)

y

= (x − 1)(1 + x) is a

-shaped curve.

y

= 0

x = 1,

− 1

-shaped curve. y = 0 ⇒ x = 1, − 1 (b) Intersect when ( x

(b) Intersect when (x − 1) 3 = (x − 1)(x + 1)

i.e. (x − 1) 3 − (x − 1)(x + 1) = 0

(x − 1) [ x 2 − 2x + 1 − (x + 1) ]

= 0

(x − 1)(x 2 − 3x) = 0

(x − 1)(x − 3)x = 0

x = 0, 1, 3

So intersections at (0 ,

− 1) ; (1, 0) ; (3, 8)

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 5

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = x 2 and y = −

(b)

Find the coordinates of the point of intersection.

Solution:

(a) y =

27

x

is like y =

y = x 2 is standard

1

x

and in 2nd and 4th quadrants.

27

x

.

x 2 is standard 1 x and in 2nd and 4th quadrants. 27 x . (b)

(b)

27

x

= x 2

− 27 = x 3

x =

− 3

27

Substitute in y = −

So intersection at ( − 3 , 9)

x

y = 9

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 6

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = x 2 − 2x and y = x(x − 2)(x − 3).

(b)

Find the coordinates of the point of intersection.

Solution:

(a) y = x(x − 2)(x − 3)

y

= 0

x = 0, 2, 3

y

= x 2 − 2x = x(x − 2) is

shaped

y

= 0

x = 0, 2

− 2) is ∪ shaped y = 0 ⇒ x = 0, 2 (b) x (

(b) x(x − 2) = x(x − 2)(x − 3)

0 = x(x − 2)(x − 3 − 1)

0 = x(x − 2)(x − 4)

x = 0, 2, 4

Substitute in y = x(x − 2)

So intersections at (0 , 0); (2 , 0); (4 , 8)

y = 0, 0, 8

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 7

Question:

(a) On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = x 2 (x − 3) and y =

2

x

.

(b)

Explain how your sketch shows that there are only two solutions to the equation x 3 (x − 3) = 2.

Solution:

(a) y = x 2 (x − 3)

y = 0

Turning point at (0 , 0)

y =

x = 0 (twice), 3

1

x

2

x

is like y =

at (0 , 0) y = ⇒ x = 0 (twice), 3 1 x 2 x

(b) Curves only cross at two points. So two solutions to

2

x

= x 2 (x − 3)

2 = x 3 (x − 3)

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 8

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = (x + 1) 3 and y = 3x(x − 1).

(b)

Explain how your sketch shows that there is only one solution to the equation x 3 + 6x + 1 = 0.

Solution:

(a) y = (x + 1) 3 is like y = x 3 and crosses at ( − 1 , 0) and (0, 1).

y

= 3x(x − 1) is

shaped

y

= 0

x = 0, 1

− 1) is ∪ shaped y = 0 ⇒ x = 0, 1 (b) Curves only

(b) Curves only cross once. So only one solution to

(x + 1) 3 = 3x(x − 1)

x 3 +

x 3 + 6x + 1 = 0

to ( x + 1) 3 = 3 x ( x − 1) x 3 +

+ 3x + 1 =

to ( x + 1) 3 = 3 x ( x − 1) x 3 +

− 3x

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 9

Question:

(a) On the same axes sketch the curves given by y =

1

x

and y =

x(x − 1) 2 .

(b)

Explain how your sketch shows that there are no solutions to the equation 1 + x 2 (x − 1) 2 = 0.

Solution:

(a) y =

y = 0

Turning point at (1 , 0)

x(x − 1) 2 x = 0, 1 (twice)

x

, y

x

, y → ∞

, y → − ∞ x → − ∞ , y → ∞ Curves do not

Curves do not cross, so no solutions to

(b)

1

x

1

1

=

x(x − 1) 2

x 2 (x − 1) 2

=

+ x 2 (x − 1) 2 = 0

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Heinemann Solutionbank: Core Maths 1 C1

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Solutionbank C1

Edexcel Modular Mathematics for AS and A-Level

Sketching curves

Exercise D, Question 10

Question:

(a)

On the same axes sketch the curves given by y = 1 − 4x 2 and y = x(x − 2) 2 .

(b)

State, with a reason, the number of solutions to the equation x 3 + 4x − 1 = 0.

Solution:

(a) y = x(x − 2) 2

y = 0

Turning point at (2 , 0)

x → ∞ , y → ∞

x

y = 1 − 4x 2 = (1 − 2x)(1 + 2x) is

y = 0

x = 0, 2 (twice)

, y

x =

1 1

2

,

2

shaped

∞ , y → − ∞ ⇒ x = 1 1 2 , − 2 ∩

(b) Curves cross once. So one solution to

1

− 4x 2 = x(x − 2) 2

1

− 4x 2 = x(x 2 − 4x