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MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN COMMUNICATIONS

ALEJANDRO H. BALLADO, Jr.

ENCODED BY: FERNANDO, PETER ESTELITO B.


ECE BOARD PROBLEMS
APRIL 1999 NOVEMBER 2002

1. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Compulsory interconnection

a.) EO 59
b.) EO 546
c.) EO 109
d.) Act 3846

2. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) A single measuring circuit having a resistor if 10
k is connected in series with a 0.5 F capacitor. What is affective bandwidth?

a.) 50 kHz
b.) 5 Hz
c.) 50 Hz
d.) 500 Hz

3. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) An aircraft deviation measured by an ILS localizer.

a.) Altitude
b.) Ground Speed
c.) Vertical
d.) Horizontal

4. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) In order to have a maximum power transfer, what
must be the relation of the input circuit impedance?

a.) Equal Impedance


b.) Infinity
c.) Zero
d.) Less Than

5. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The ratio of the speed of the light in vacuum to
the speed of the light in a material.

a.) Index of Refraction


b.) Dielectric Constant
c.) Velocity Factor
d.) Permittivity
6. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the radiation pattern of a half wave
dipole?

a.) Doughnut Shape


b.) Bi-Directional
c.) Unidirectional
d.) Omnidirectional

7. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) It is produced when an object travels faster than
the speed of sound.

a.) Shock Wave


b.) Ultrasound
c.) Sonic Wave
d.) Light Wave

8. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The time used for reference for determining the
capacity of accepting calls for telephone system.

a.) 12 MN
b.) High Usage Hour
c.) 12NN
d.) Low Usage Hour

9. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The term used for deafness of higher frequencies
due to old age.

a.) Ear Deafness


b.) Cortial Deafness
c.) Tinnitus
d.) Presbycusis

10. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) Single side band emission is most frequently
used in what frequency band?

a.) LF
b.) HF
c.) MF
d.) VLF

11. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A device that converts voice to data.

a.) Vocoder
b.) Covoder
c.) Modern
d.) Repeater

12. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A microwave device which permits signal only
in one direction.

a.) RF Emitter
b.) Capacitor
c.) Varactor and triac
d.) Ferrite Isolator

13. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A very small band of frequency that is used to
protect interference of adjacent frequency.

a.) Guard
b.) Carrier
c.) Modulating
d.) Tolerance

14. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) It is a communication system operation where
the receiving station controls the effective data transmission rate at the sending station.

a.) Pacing
b.) Polling
c.) Handshaking
d.) Contention

15. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Where is the AGC in the IF amplifier derived?

a.) Mixer
b.) Rf Amplifier
c.) Detector
d.) Local Oscillator

16. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) What is the voltage in a line, open terminated at
the end, quarter-wavelength from the termination?

a.) Minimum
b.) Maximum
c.) The same
d.) Increasing

17. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the cellular system used in Europe?

a.) GSM
b.) TACS
c.) AMPS
d.) NMT

18. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Satellite revolution in the same direction as the
earth's rotation.

a.) Retrograde
b.) Accelerated
c.) Deccelerated
d.) Posigrade

19. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is meant by the term radiation resistance of
an antenna?

a.) The resistance in the trap coils to received signal.


b.) An equipment resistance that would dissipate the same amount of power as that
radiated from an antenna
c.) The specific impedance of an antenna.
d.) Losses in the antenna elements and feed line.

20. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) How do you connect two digital terminal
equipment (DTE) in the absence of a modem?

a.) Line Bridging.


b.) Direct connection with the use of a null modem.
c.) Sharing of line.
d.) Using a router.

21. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) __________ demodulates an FM signal.

a.) Frequency Discriminator


b.) Frequency Multiplier
c.) Diode Detector
d.) IF Amplifier

22. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) The effect of multi mode propagation caused the rays
leaving the fiber to interfere constructively and destructively as they leave the end of the
fiber, this effect is called ________.

a.) multi mode Interference


b.) Modal Delay Spreading
c.) multi mode Effect
d.) Single Modal Effect

23. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000)What is the maximum number of lines for any
building other than a one or two story residential building to be required a service
entrance facility under ECE building code?

a.) Two Lines


b.) Five Lines
c.) Three Lines
d.) Not Required

24. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following is not part of the audio
frequency section of the radio transmitter?

a.) AF Voltage
b.) Microphone
c.) Master Oscillator
d.) AF power Amplifier

25. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following solution will you
prescribed to a telegraph transmitter power supply to avert a chirp?

a.) Resonate power supply filters.


b.) Decrease the voltage of power supply.
c.) Regulate the power supply voltage
d.) Decrease current output.

26. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What is the term for the ratio of actual velocity at
which a signal travels through a line to the speed of light in a vacuum?

a.) Surge Impedance


b.) Characteristics Impedance
c.) Standing Wave Ratio
d.) Velocity Factor

27. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Which part of the HF marine antenna safety link is
intended to be broken during the unusual movement of the ship?

a.) Halkyard
b.) Weak Part
c.) Mainmast
d.) Foremast

28. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) A PCM has a 30 kHz sampling frequency. What
is the maximum input frequency?

a.) 15 kHz
b.) 60 kHz
c.) 45 kHz
d.) 30 kHz

29. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the capture effect?

a.) The weak signal received is the only demodulated signal.


b.) All signals on a frequency are demodulated by an AM receiver.
c.) All signals on a frequency are demodulated by an AM receiver.
d.) The loudest signal received is the only demodulated signal.

30. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Which of the following microwave antenna is
normally used when obtaining an omni directional radiation requirement?

a.) Grid Type


b.) Whip
c.) Bicone
d.) Parabolic

31. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is being measured in RADAR theory to
complete the determination of a distance to a target or an object, after a high radio
frequency signal is transmitted to a target?

a.) Transmission time from the source to target.


b.) Transmission time from target back to source.
c.) Echo time of the object to the source.
d.) Complete signal transmission from source and back.

32. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What is the radio horizon distance between a 150 ft.
transmitting station and a 70 ft. receiving station?

a.) 82.46 mi
b.) 82.46 km
c.) 29.15 km
d.) 29.15 mi

33. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Telephone channel has a band-pass
characteristics occupying the frequency range of _____.

a.) 300-2700 Hz
b.) 300-3400 Hz
c.) 300-3000 Hz
d.) 300-400 Hz

34. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) This the Nordic analogue mobile radio telephone
system originally used in Scandinavia.
a.) NMT
b.) GSM
c.) PCN
d.) PCS

35. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) When a signal bandwidth of a TV broadcast over the
radio is lessen, using a technique that limits a picture frequency, this is referred to as
________.

a.) Video Control


b.) Interlaced Scanning
c.) Demodulation
d.) Line Scanninh

36. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) These are bend of light wavelengths that are too short
to be seen by the human eye.

a.) Visible
b.) Amber
c.) Infrared
d.) Ultraviolet

37. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) How does the length of the director element of a
parasitic element beam antenna compare with that of the driven element?

a.) It is about 5% longer.


b.) It is one-half as long.
c.) It is twice as long.
d.) It is about 5% shorter.

38. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Refers to the numeric ratio relating to the
radiated signal strength of an antenna to that of another antenna.

a.) Antenna Loss


b.) Antenna Gain
c.) Antenna Bandwidth
d.) Antenna Efficiency

39. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What will happen if there is a great mismatch
between the load and the source?

a.) High SWR


b.) Low SWR
c.) Medium SWR
d.) SWR of 1
40. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is used to connect a computer if it is far
from the host?

a.) Modem
b.) AVR
c.) Waveguide
d.) Transponder

41. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Range of frequency that an antenna will perform
well.

a.) Antenna Bandwidth


b.) Antenna Beamwidth
c.) Antenna Efficiency
d.) Antenna Directivity

42. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the fastest memory of a computer?

a.) RAM
b.) Cache
c.) Magnetic Disk
d.) Magnetic Tape

43. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What composes the electromagnetic waves?

a.) Electric and Magnetic Field


b.) Acoustic and Water Wave
c.) Current and Voltage
d.) Pressure and Frequency

44. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) One of the characteristics of an early facsimile
machine which electromechanical device.

a.) Receive start/stop bits to synchronize.


b.) Using heat that would burn the image into heat.
c.) Using tubes to amplify the signal.
d.) Using fire to heat the thermal paper.

45. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the cable requirement for one or two-
storey building that has more than five telephone lines?

a.) Service Entrance


b.) Service Cable
c.) Building Cable
d.) Residential Cable
46. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A transmission line consisting of center
conductor, a plastic insulation, a fine wire braid shield and outer plastic insulation as a
jacket.

a.) coaxial cable


b.) twin cable
c.) wave guide
d.) twisted pair

47. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The executive branch of government in-charge of
policy making in telecommunication.

a.) National Telecommunication Commission


b.) Telecommunication Control Bureau
c.) Department of Transportation and Communication
d.) Bureau of Communication

48. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the dBSPL of an auditorium with
contemporary music?

a.) 95 100 dB
b.) 40 50 dB
c.) 50 60 dB
d.) 70 80 dB

49. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the symbol designated for a frequency
modulated carrier for a single telephony transmission?

a.) F3E
b.) F3F
c.) G3F
d.) G3E

50. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The layer that is responsible for sky wave
propagation and the highest layer?

a.) D
b.) F2
c.) A
d.) E

51. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Process of impressing lower intelligent frequency
to higher frequency.

a.) modulation
b.) detection
c.) multiplexing
d.) scrambling

52. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Find the suitable ground plane for a frequency of
220 MHz.

a.) 0.5 m
b.) 0.24 m
c.) 0.34 m
d.) 1.2 m

53. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The term used for the mechanism RADAR
searchimg for an object.

a.) scanning
b.) tracing
c.) lobing
d.) nodding

54. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001)

a.) variable capacitance


b.) variable resistance
c.) variable inductance
d.) piezoelectric effect

55. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What do you call the telephone system
connecting residence and business establishments?

a.) Public Telephone System


b.) Pay Phone System
c.) Private Network System
d.) Touch Tone System

56. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) In Broadcasting, an area characterized to have no
interference but wit fading or intermittent variations in intensity is _______.

a.) Primary Service Area


b.) Intermediate Service Area
c.) Tertiary Service Area
d.) Secondary Service Area

57. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Information capacity is proportional.

a.) bandwidth
b.) noise
c.) power
d.) flux

58. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the number of lines per field in an NTSC TV?

a.) 525
b.) 262.5
c.) 625
d.) 312.5

59. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) It refers to the time required for a signal to complete
one cycle.

a.) Wavelength
b.) Frequency
c.) Amplitude
d.) Period

60. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What happens when the separation between two
conductors having the same diameter decreases?

a.) The characteristic impedance decreases.


b.) The characteristic impedance increases,
c.) The characteristic impedance does not change.
d.) Cannot be determined

61. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The government entity that regulates the cable
television industry in the Philippines.

a.) Executive Commission


b.) House of Representatives
c.) NTC
d.) DOTC

62. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A modulation which is amplitude modulated that
consist of recurrent pulses.

a.) PAM
b.) PWM
c.) PPM
d.) AM

63. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Which of the following consist of twp of the
three primary colors in television signal? a.)red, b)violet,c)yellow, and d)blue.
a.) a and b
b.) b and c
c.) c and d
d.) a and d

64. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Which of the navigational equipment which
utilizes the principle of RADAR but is use in underwater?

a.) TACAN
b.) SONAR
c.) TASI
d.) RADAR

65. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) How can cross modulation in a receiver be
reduced?

a.) Adjust the pass band tuning.


b.) Increase RF amplifier gain and decrease AF amplifier gain
c.) Installing a filter at the receiver
d.) Using a better antenna

66. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The circuit that convert signal in order that it can
be fed to the medium suitable for transmission.

a.) Modulator
b.) Mixer
c.) Receiver
d.) Transmitter

67. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A type of Class C amplifier which has 1 to 10
times the gain of input used to generate frequency multiple of the fundamental frequency.

a.) Frequency Generator


b.) Frequency Multiplier
c.) Frequency Amplifier
d.) Frequency Divider

68. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) The definition of modulation index:

a.) The radio of deviation frequency and modulating


b.) The ratio of the maximum deviation frequency and maximum modulating frequency
c.) The ratio of actual deviation to the maximum deviation
d.) The ratio of the maximum deviation to the actual deviation

69. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) One of the following can be best attained by a
trap antenna in radio communication?
a.) Increase transmitter gain
b.) Directionality
c.) Effective filter to noise signal
d.) Multi frequency band operation

70. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000)when we talk of the study of acoustics, a sound is
considered _____wave.

a.) Circular
b.) Light
c.) Laser
d.) Longitudinal

71. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) One of the major components required under the
global maritime distress and safety system.

a.) Provision of Morse code


b.) Provision of radio telegraph operator
c.) Provision of facsmile
d.) Provision of radio personnel

72. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) A resultant effect in launching a satellite from the
earth caused by both forward motion away from the earth that produces inertia tending
the satellite to travel in straight line upwards and the gravitational pull towards the earth
is referred to as _______.

a.) Centripetal acceleration


b.) Gravity
c.) Weight of satellite
d.) Satellite Speed

73. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) A RADAR set receiver has normally a ________
mixer stage.

a.) Tunnel diode


b.) FET
c.) Class A
d.) Silicon Crystal

74. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Refers to a connector that normally connects RG 213
coaxial cable to an HF transceiver.

a.) N-type Cable


b.) F-type Cable
c.) PL-259
d.) BNC

75. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following refers to the bandwidth
of optical fiber?

a.) 1 Hz-30,000 Hz
b.) 1 kHz-300 kHz
c.) 1MHz-300 MHz
d.) 1MHz-500MHz

76. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) How many commissioners does the National
Telecommunications Commission have?

a.) 1
b.) 5
c.) 3
d.) 2

77. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which one is referred to the reduction of receiver
gain caused by strong signal from nearby transmission of adjacent frequency?

a.) Intermodulation
b.) Quieting
c.) Fading
d.) Desensitizing

78. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Transmission of information through a communication
modem is intended to transmit digital information over which of the following type of
communication medium?

a.) Digital
b.) Hybrid
c.) Radio
d.) Analog

79. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Determine from the following an advantage using a
trap antenna.

a.) It has directivity in the high frequency bands.


b.) Can be used for multiband operation.
c.) Minimizes harmonic radiation.
d.) Has high gain.
80. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) What do you call a circuit in PCM wherein the
instantaneous sinusoidal wave is regular sample and converted to a discrete amplitude
levels?

a.)analog to digital converter


b.) sample and hold
c.) modem
d.) multiplexer

81. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Determine from the following, possible cause for a
slow drift of frequency in self-excited transmitter oscillator circuits resulting to poor
frequency stability.

a.)Faulty capacitors, resistors, tubes or transistors.


b.) Loose shielding.
c.) Heating in the oscillator device causing a change in electrical characteristics.
d.) Loose connections in the oscillator, amplifier or antenna circuits.

82. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following penalty is provided under
the existing telecommunications law, should an international carrier unable to comply
with its obligation to provide local exchange service in un-served and underserved areas
within three years from grant of authority?

a.)Financial penalty in accordance with existing schedules.


b.)Cancellation of its authority.
c.) Given one year to comply.
d.) Given two years to comply.

83. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) In basic transmitter such as CW transmission, the
rounding off of square wave emission will reduce________.

a.) Reach
b.) Voltage
c.) Bandwidth
d.) Transmitter power

84. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Refers to one possible cause for an abrupt
frequency variation in a self-excited transmitter oscillator circuits resulting to a poor
frequency stability to hold a constant oscillation.

a.) Poor soldered connections.


b.) Heating of capacitor in the oscillator.
c.) DC and RF ac heating of resistors, which cause change in values.
d.) Aging which cause change condition in parts characteristics.
85. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000)which of the following is referred to the SYN
character of ASCII code?

a.)32H
b.)16H
c.)64H
d.)8H

86. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999)In a basic radio transmitter, what is the main
disadvantage of a single-tube transmitter?

a.)Frequency Instability
b.)Non-portable
c.)Heating Effect
d.)Bulky

87. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) One of the following is considered the largest source
of signal power loss in the use of fiber optic as a communication medium such as due to
misalignment.

a.) Bending
b.) Scattering
c.) Connection
d.) Absorption

88. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Statement, which best describe a mixing process
in radio communication.

a.) Process of eliminating noise through phase differentiation.


b.) Producing sum and difference of two frequencies from a combination of two
signals.
c.) Processing of eliminating noise through phase comparison.
d.) Combination of two signals to form three or more output signals.

89. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001)What is the input impedance equivalent of an
open-ended transmission line which is longer than a quarter wavelength?

a.) Open equivalent


b.) Equivalent to reactive circuit
c.) As resistive equivalent
d.) As pure inductor

90. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) How would you isolate data communications
faults in a basic error determination technique?
a.) Test each cards.
b.) Simulate the loop.
c.) Test each repeater.
d.) Carry out loopback test.

91. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Which of the following describes its system services
control point, logical units and physical units as network addressable units in a data
network?

a.) Digital Network Architecture


b.) Internetworking
c.) Interconnection Point
d.) System Network Architecture

92. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) A telecommunications law that deregulates the
paging services in the country.

a.) E. O. 125
b.) Act 3846
c.) Act 3396
d.) R.A. 7925

93. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What refers to breaking up the data into blocks with
some bounded size?

a.) Framing
b.) Segmentation
c.) Encapsulation
d.) Packing

94. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) What is the apogee of a geosynchronous
satellites temporary orbit before be placed in the geosynchronous orbit?

a.) 50,000 mi
b.) 40,000 mi
c.) 22,300 mi
d.) 30,000 mi

95. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A device used in television broadcast that
prevents any FM signal from entering into the visual transmitter and vice versa.

a.) Duplexer
b.) Mixer
c.) Diplexer
d.) Synchronizer
96. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) A sound intensity that could cause painful
sensation in the human ear.

a.) Threshold of Sense


b.) Threshold of Pain
c.) Hearing Threshold
d.) Sensation Intensity

97. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the first symbol of radio signal emission
having an amplitude modulated main carrier single sideband suppressed carrier?

a.) C
b.) A
c.) J
d.) H

98. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) What us the baseband frequency of standard
FDM basic super group?

a.) 300 to 600 kHz


b.) 312 to 552 kHz
c.) 60 to 2540 kHz
d.) 60 to 180 kHz

99. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Very High (radio) Frequency in the spectrum
refers to _______ waves.

a.) Centimetric
b.) Hectometric
c.) Kilometric
d.) Metric

100. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What wave trap frequency is used in the video
amplifier?

a.) 39.75 MHz


b.) 41.25 MHz
c.) 4.5 MHz
d.) 47.25 MHz

101.(ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following best described the
primary source of errors in the transmission of data over telephone networks?

a.) Thermal Noise


b.) Crosstalk
c.) Impulse Noise
d.) Intermodulation

102. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Which part of the HF marine antenna handles the
broken safety link, in case it results collision, grounding or storm?

a.) The lead-in.


b.) The foremast.
c.) The strong part.
d.) The halyard.

103. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) A reduction in receiver sensitivity caused by
unwanted high-level adjacent channel signals.

a.) Intermodulation
b.) Overloading
c.) Interference
d.) Desensitizing

104. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following system uses frequency
band 870-890 MHz as a transmit band of its base station?

a.) Total Access Communication System (TACS)


b.) Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT)
c.) Public Mobile System (PMS)
d.) Advance Mobile Phone Services (AMPS)

105. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Refers to a mobile earth station in the mobile-
satellite service located on board ship.

a.) Mobile Station


b.) Ship Station
c.) Ship Earth Station
d.) Mobile Satellite Station

106. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) What is the electric field strength in millivolts
per meter if the transmitted power is 30kW, at a distance of 5km?

a.) 120 mV/m


b.) 190 mV/m
c.) 150 mV/m
d.) 30 mV/m
107. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Frequency band where Total Access
Communication System is allocated.

a.) 86-869 MHz; 821-824 MHz


b.) 870-890 MHz; 825-845 MHz
c.) 851-866 MHz; 806-821 MHz
d.) 935-960 MHz; 890-915 MHz

108. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the following is used as a standard
channel spacing for AM broadcast in the Philippines?

a.) 25 kHz
b.) 12.5 kHz
c.) 40 kHz
d.) 9 kHz

109. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) What is the frequency separation between the
aural carrier and the lower limits of the total channel band of a monochrome TV broadcast?

a.) 1.25 MHz


b.) 4.5 MHz
c.) 3.0 MHz
d.) 5.75 MHz

110. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which salellite transponder has the most
number of mixers?

a.) Regenerative
b.) Broadband
c.) Double-Conversion
d.) Channelized

111. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) An advantage of fiber optic co-axial cable as a
result of coupling signals from one to the other due to changing magnetic field in one or both.

a.) Feedback
b.) Crosstalk
c.) Electric Hazard
d.) Shielding

112. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) How can even-order harmonics be reduced or
prevented in transmitter amplifier design?

a.) By using a push-push amplifier


b.) By using push-pull amplifier
c.) By operating Class C
d.) By operating Class AB

113. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) With which emission type is the capture effect most
pronounced?

a.) FM
b.) SSB
c.) AM
d.) CW

114. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002)What is the term used to refer to the reception
blockage of one FM-phone signal by another FM-phone signal?

a.) Desensitization
b.) Cross-modulation Interference
c.) Capture Effect
d.) Frequency Discrimination

115. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the primary purpose of an RF amplifier in a
receiver?

a.) To provide most of the receiver gain.


b.) To develop the AGC voltage.
c.) To improve the receivers noise figure.
d.) To vary\ the receiver image rejection by utilizing the AGC.

116. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002)What is the product of the power fed to the antenna
and its power gain?

a.) Antenna Power


b.) ERP
c.) PEP
d.) Peak Power

117. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the reason why Hertz antenna is not normally
used to radio station or receiver or transmitter antenna that has frequency below 2MHz?

a.) The antenna receives more inter-modulation signal.


b.) The antenna receive side becomes non-receptive.
c.) The antenna will be physically very small.
d.) The antenna will be physically very large.

118. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) In the study of transmission cable, twin lead is
also referred to as________.
a.) Twisted pair
b.) Double cable
c.) Ribbon cable
d.) Open pair

119. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) In an open architecture concept of data
communication, one of the following is not a function of a control layer.

a.) Fault correction


b.) Congestion control
c.) Fault detection
d.) Integrity of data

120. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999)What are the two legislative function of the
International Telecommunications Union in its international conference issues on orbital
resources?

a.) Assign frequencies and organizes conferences.


b.) Allocates frequency bands for the services and determine the principle of
distribution of orbit/spectrum resources.
c.) Determine the principles of spectrum distribution and assignment of frequencies.
d.) Conduct conferences and allocation of orbital slot.

121. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002)What transmission medium is capable of carrying up
to 10Gbps capacity?

a.) Twisted pair


b.) Optical fiber
c.) Coax
d.) Microwave link

122. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the controlling node of a star topology
system?

a.) Modem
b.) Codec
c.) Hub
d.) ADC

123. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the most efficient topology used by small
business organization?

a.) Mesh
b.) Star
c.) Bus
d.) Ring
124. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002)Which of the following network topology has the
fastest speed?

a.) Star
b.) Ring
c.) Bus
d.) Mesh

125. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) The latest and most advanced equipment in data
communications is a/an___________.

a.) Amplifier
b.) Simulator
c.) Protocol analyzer
d.) Spectrum analyzer

126. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Which has the highest priority in radio telephone
communication?

a.) Distress
b.) Safety
c.) Urgency
d.) Roger

127. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) In satellite communications, what is the frequency of
the V-band?

a.) 27-40 GHz


b.) 4-8 GHz
c.) 8-12GHz
d.) 40-75 GHz

128. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is meant by the term antenna gain?

a.) The numerical ratio relating the radiated signal strength of an antenna to that of
another antenna.
b.) The ratio of the signal in the forward direction to the signal in the back direction.
c.) The ratio of the amount of power to produce by the antenna compared to the output
power of the transmitter.
d.) The final amplifier gain minus the transmission line losses.

129. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is an advantage using a trap antenna?

a.) It has antenna gain


b.) It minimizes harmonic radiation
c.) It has high directivity in the high frequency bands
d.) It may be used for multiband operations

130. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the wavelength of a shorted stub used to
absorb even harmonics?

a.) 0.5 wavelength


b.) 1/3 wavelength
c.) 0.25 wavelength
d.) 1/8 wavelength

131. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) Who coined the term fiber optics?

a.) Hansell
b.) Hopkins
c.) N.S. Kapany
d.) Van heel

132. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) How does the length of the reflector element of a
parasitic beam antenna compare with that of a driven element?

a.) It is about 5% longer.


b.) It is about 5% shorter
c.) It is twice as long
d.) It is one-half as long

133. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) In a half wave antenna, where are the current nodes?

a.) At the ends


b.) At the center
c.) One-half of the way from the feed point toward the end.
d.) Three-quarters of the way from the feed point toward the end.

134. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Why is a loading coil often used with an HF mobile
antenna?

a.) To improve reception


b.) To lower the losses
c.) To lower the Q.
d.) To tune out the capacitive resistance.

135. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is a frequency discriminator?

a.) A circuit for detecting FM signals


b.) A circuit for filtering two closely adjacent signals.
c.) An automatic band switching circuit.
d.) An FM generator.

136. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the period of a wave?

a.) The time required to complete one cycle.


b.) The number of degrees in one cycle.
c.) The number of zero crossing in one cycle.
d.) The amplitude of the wave.

137. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) The implementing guidelines on international
satellite communications is___________.

a.) EO 467
b.) EO 846
c.) DO 11
d.) DO 88

138. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What was implemented in 1999 which has the
purpose of aiding the maritime navigation using satellite as well as advanced terrestrial
communication system?

a.) GMDSS
b.) AMPS
c.) GLONASS
d.) NAVSTAR

139. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Which of the following is not a DTE?

a.) Telephone set


b.) Computer
c.) Bridge
d.) Printer

140. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002)What is the transmission of data through a different
time slots?

a.) TDM
b.) FDM
c.) WDM
d.) CDM

141. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the parameter that affects the computation of
image frequency?

a.) Q
b.) fLO
c.) fIF
d.) D
e.)
142. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Which of the following could not be observed in a
microwave communications?

a.) LOS
b.) Wide BW
c.) Better Signal Penetration
d.) Directional Antenna

143. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) The service area where the signal is subject to fading
with no objectionable interference.

a.) Primary service area


b.) Secondary service area
c.) Intermittent service area
d.) Quarternary service area

144. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) By examining the following antenna type, determine
which is properly terminated?

a.) Non-resonant Type


b.) Half-wave Dipole
c.) Whip antenna Type
d.) Resonant Type

145. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) What is the third letter symbol in the emission
designation for telemetry?

a.) F
b.) B
c.) D
d.) N

146. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the frequency tolerance of FM broadcasting?

a.) 25 kHz
b.) 20 kHz
c.) 2 kHz
d.) 30 kHz

147. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) Which of the following is commonly used search
engine?
a.) .edu
b.) www
c.) .org
d.) Excite

148. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001)When the electric field is perpendicular to the surface
of the earth, what is the polarization of the electromagnetic wave?

a.) Vertical
b.) Horizontal
c.) Circular
d.) Elliptical

149. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) What is the deviation ratio of an FM signal if the
maximum allowable deviation is 12 kHz and the maximum intelligence frequency is 4 kHz?

a.) 3
b.) 48
c.) 2/3
d.) 1/3

150. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the typical satellite communications
bandwidth?

a.) 20 MHz
b.) 30 MHz
c.) 40 MHz
d.) 500 MHz

151. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) the following are not used in radio communications,
except________.

a.) Infrared
b.) Cosmic
c.) X-ray
d.) Gamma

152. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) A modem which can be used to send data and fax.

a.) Bell 212A


b.) ARQ
c.) Fax modem
d.) Data modem

153. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) What is the output of a balanced modulator.
a.) SSB
b.) DSB
c.) ISB
d.) VSB

154. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) An emission technique where the total current will be
twice as much when the modulation index is doubled.

a.) J3E
b.) H3E
c.) A3E
d.) R3E
155. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) Which of the following uses frequency modulator
circuit?

a.) A3E
b.) F3E
c.) H3E
d.) R3E

156. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is used to display harmonics and fundamental
frequency?

a.) Oscilloscope
b.) Spectrum Analyzer
c.) Wattmeter
d.) Ohmmeter

157. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) What is the free space loss, in dB, of a
microwave system when the frequency is 6 GHz at 40km apart?

a.) 170 dB
b.) 150 dB
c.) 160 dB
d.) 140 dB

158. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) When the signal becomes weak, the base will request
the MTSO to find another site.

a.) Roaming
b.) Hand-off
c.) Frequency Re-use
d.) Cell splitting

159. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) What is the interference between the switching office
and the mobile unit.
a.) Cell sites
b.) MTSO
c.) Microwave link
d.) Base station

160. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) Which is not an omni-directional antenna?

a.) Vertical folded dipole


b.) Discone
c.) Rhombic
d.) Marconi

161. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) Which satellite band is affected by VHF signals?

a.) L
b.) C
c.) P
d.) Ku

162. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) What is produced by over-modulation in AM?

a.) Sidebands
b.) Jitter
c.) Glitch
d.) Spurious Signal

163. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001)_____ is the process of sending out the information in
all directions.

a.) Navigation
b.) Broadcasting
c.) Acoustics
d.) Telemetry

164. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) How do you increase the electrical length of an
antenna?

a.) Add an inductor in parallel


b.) Add an inductor in series
c.) Add a capacitor in series
d.) Add a resistor in series.

165. (ECE Board Problem, April 2001) What is the usual electrical length of a driven element
in HF beam antenna?
a.) wavelength
b.) wavelength
c.) wavelength
d.) 1 wavelength

166. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the point in the satellite as it crosses the
equator?

a.) Apogee
b.) Node
c.) Perigee
d.) Orbit

167. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) Direct Distance Dialing is________.

a.) Private line


b.) Public line
c.) Lease line
d.) Dial-up
168. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001)A path wherein a satellite crosses in the equator
heading south.

a.) Ascending node


b.) Descending node
c.) Orbital
d.) Polar

169. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) In what frequency band does 4-6 GHz fall in the
satellite communications?

a.) C-Band
b.) L-Band
c.) X-band
d.) K-band

170. (ECE Board Problem, November 2001) A computer network found in the same building.

a.) Local area network


b.) Wide area network
c.) Metropolitan area network
d.) PLL

171. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Which of the following antenna feedline can easily
be buried underground for a distance without adverse effects?

a.) Waveguide
b.) Twisted pair
c.) Coaxial cable
d.) Twin lead

172. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) In the study of wave propagation, a condition at
which zero absorption of radio waves is describe as__________.

a.) Zero reflection medium


b.) Neutral medium
c.) Free space medium
d.) Non-active medium

173. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Which of the following in the radio emission
designation refers to the first symbol?

a.) Nature of signal modulating the main carrier


b.) Type of modulation of the main carrier
c.) Emission bandwidth
d.) Type of information

174. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) The process of exchanging predetermine codes
and signals in telecommunications between two data terminals to establish a connection is
called.

a.) Hands-off
b.) Polling
c.) Handshake
d.) Demodulation

175. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) It is an electronic instrument which can be referred to
as a miniature radio transmitter and can be made to generate signals at any desired frequency,
normally it is used for test purposes.

a.) Volt-ohm milliammeter


b.) Signal generator
c.) Oscilloscope
d.) Wavemeter

176. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) A network interconnection facility which is used to
interconnect networks whose architectures are entirely different is called________.

a.) Bridge
b.) Router
c.) Gateway
d.) Repeater
177. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Type of multi-channel transmission in the optic
fiber communication that uses a twisted pair coupler to transmit two signals of different
wavelengths.

a.) Frequency-division multiplexing


b.) Forward-division multiplexing
c.) Pulse-code multiplexing
d.) Time-division multiplexing

178. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) These are the rules in data communications intended
for establishing data links and message interpretation.

a.) Mode
b.) EIA Rules
c.) CCIR Rules
d.) Protocol

179. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) A radio station in mobile service intended to be
used while in motion or during halts at unspecified points.

a.) Maritime radio station


b.) Land mobile station
c.) Mobile station
d.) Mobile earth station

180. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the advantage on the TV receiver audio by
employing FM audio and AM video on the television transmitter?

a.) FM receiver rejects static noise


b.) FM receiver is basically insensitive to amplitude modulation
c.) Fm receiver is basically insensitive to amplitude modulation
d.) FM receiver is clear over AM.

181. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What does the elastic store refereed to in the time
division multiplex system used in fiber optic?

a.) Amplifier
b.) Holding memory
c.) Reflector
d.) Timer

182. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) What are the two general categories of methods
for generating emission F3E?
a.) The only way to produce an emission F3E signal is with a reactance modulator
on the oscillator.
b.) The only way to produce an emission F3E signal is with a balanced modulator on the
oscillator.
c.) The only way to produce an emission F3E signal is with a balanced modulator on the
audio amplifier.
d.) The only way to produce an emission F3E signal is with a reactance modulator on the
final amplifier.

183. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) Pressure us measured in terms of Pascal,
microbar, or__________.

a.) Newtons
b.) Newtons per meter
c.) Newtons per meter squared
d.) Pascal per meter squared

184. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the function of the network layer in the
computer communications?

a.) Parity control


b.) Direction control
c.) Congestion control
d.) Error control

185. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Which of the following limits the top speed of
transmitting information in fiber optic?

a.) Noise
b.) Detector speed
c.) Time domain
d.) Refractor index

186. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) A mobile telephone system which uses an analogue
cellular radio standard which was superseded by Advanced Mobile Phone System in the U.S.

a.) TDMA
b.) IMTS
c.) CDMA
d.) D-AMPS

187. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Satellite that rotates around the earth in a low
altitude elliptical or circular pattern.
a.) Geosynchronous Satellite
b.) Prograde
c.) Nonsynchronous satellite
d.) Apogee

188. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) One of the following processes or system best
describe an example of a pilot tone system normally use in commercial broadcast FM
stations.

a.) Time division


b.) Frequency division
c.) Stereo multiplex
d.) QSK

189. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) What is the main reason why coaxial cable is
not used in microwave signal transmission?

a.) Wide bandwidth


b.) Number of repeaters
c.) Low impedance
d.) High attenuation

190. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Refers to a characteristic of a multimode fiber optic.

a.) Cladding thickness is less than the radius of the core and diameter of the core must be
greater than the wavelength of the light to be carried.
b.) Cladding thickness is greater than the radius of the core and the diameter of the core
must be lesser than the wavelength of the light to be carried.
c.) Cladding thickness is less than the radius of the core and the diameter of the core
must be lesser than the wavelength of the light to be carried.
d.) Cladding thickness is greater than the radius of the core and the diameter of the
core must be much greater than the wavelength of the light to be carried.
191. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Two or more LAN linked together over the wide
geographical area.

a) HAN
b) WAN
c) MAN
d) RAN

192. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) A process of sending data in computing technology
by asking each remote computer terminal one at a time if such computer terminal has data to
send.

a) Selection
b) Networking
c) Polling
d) Coding

193. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) What is the primary purpose of an RF amplifier
in receiver?

a) To vary the receiver image rejection by utilizing the AGC.


b) To provide the most receiver gain.
c) To develop the AGC voltage.
d) To improve the receivers noise figure.

194. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Why are fiber optic cables considered less expensive
compared to coaxial cables in communication system?

a) Coaxial is very expensive than fiber optic.


b) Due to weight.
c) Installation cost of coaxial.
d) Use of less repeaters.

195. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Refers to as a linkage by wire, radio, satellite or
other means, of two or more telecommunications carrier or operators with one another for the
purpose of allowing or enabling the subscriber of one carrier or operator to access or reach
the subscribers of the other carrier or operator.

a) Interconnection
b) Toll patching
c) Gateway
d) Outside plant sharing
196. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) In order to have an effective radio antenna the
design of its radiator must have a minimum length equivalent to________.

a) /10
b) /4
c) /14
d) /6

197. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Referred as the forward link channel of the cellular
duplex system.

a) Cell to Cell
b) Mobile to Mobile unit
c) Mobile to Cell unit
d) Cell to Mobile unit

198. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Method of a telecommunications operation


where transmission can be made simultaneously in both direction of a channel.

a) Semi-duplex Operation
b) Duplex Operation
c) Half-duplex Operation
d) Simplex Operation

199. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Which symbol in radio signal emission designation is
referred to type of modulation of the main carrier?

a) Second
b) Fourth
c) Third
d) First

200. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) What type of emission is produced when an
amplitude-modulated transmitter is modulated by a facsimile signal?
a. A3F
b. F3
c. A3C
d. F3F
201. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) A point in the satellite orbit known to be the
closest location to the surface of the earth.
a) Zenith
b) Perigee
c) Apogee
d) Azimuth

202. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Determine from the following the common use
of DSB in broadcast and telecommunication.

a) Satellite Communication

b) FM/TV Stereo

c) Two-Way Communication

d) Telephone System

203. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Determine the image frequency of a broadcast
band receiver using a 455 kHz IF tuned to 630kHz-DZMM.

a) 1085 kHz
b) 1530 kHz

c) 1540 kHz

d) 1715 kHz

204. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) A phenomenon which causes the speed of light
rays propagation in the fiber material changes, as it passes through different medium in the
fiber.

a) Bending

b) Refraction

c) Diffraction

d) Reflection

205. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) An electronic equipment used in the radio
communication to measure standing wave ratio.

a) Radio meter

b) Reflectometer

c) Oscilloscope

d) Wave Meter

206. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Referred as an effect of parasitic elements in an
antenna system.

a) Decrease its directivity

b) Makes the antenna omni directional

c) Makes the antenna isotropic

d) Increase its directivity


207. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Radio wave concentration in the direction of
the signal emitted by a directional antenna.

a) Side lobe radiation

b) Major lobe radiation

c) Back lobe radiation

d) Transmitted signal

208. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) What is the main principle used by ITU in
determining the distribution of the orbit/ spectrum resources?

a) Depending on the geographical boundary of a nation

b) Efficient use and equitable access.

c) Depending on a national sovereignty declaration

d) Equal distribution

209. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What quarter-wave transformer will match a 600
transmission line to an antenna whose value is 70 ?

a.) 205

b.) 502

c.) 600

d.) 75

210. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Let us consider a frequency range of 405.0125
MHz to 405.0875 MHz and a 25 kHz channeling plan, determine the center frequency of the
second channel from the lower limit.

a.) 405.050 MHz

b.) 405.0125 MHz

c.) 405.025 MHz


d.) 405.011 MHz

211. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What is the reason why 5/8-whip vertical antenna is
of advantage than quarter wave vertical whip antenna?

a.) Less interference

b.) Can handle high power signal

c.) More gain

d.) Flexible

212. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Why is it that almost all switching type integrated
data communication circuits are called digital?

a.) They are mostly on/off devices.

b.) They process digital information

c.) They are small type

d.) They are integrated circuits.

213. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000)Which of the following shall be complied by an
international ship pursuant to the global maritime distress and safety system implemented last
1999?

a.) A facsimile

b.) A radio personnel

c.) A Morse code

d.) A radio telegraph operator

214. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Bit rate of a telecommunications carrier T2.

a.) 7.312 Mb/s

b.) 7.318 Mb/s

c.) 6.511 Mb/s


d.) 6.312 Mb/s

215. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) In propagation of radio signals through an aerial
at what angle does not magnetic field is positioned with reference to the direction of
propagation.

a.) 180

b.) 90

c.) 0

d.) 45

216. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the frequency separation between the visual
carrier and the upper limits of its total channel bandwidth of a monochrome TV broadcast?

a.) 4.5 MHz

b.) 4.75 MHz

c.) 3.0 MHz

d.) 1.25 MHz

217. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) In radio communications, the term trap antenna
is referred to in one of the following statements.

a.) Antenna with wide beam width

b.) Those antennas with high rejecting capability to interfering signals.

c.) Those antenna with long coverage in terms of distance

d.) Antenna which can be used on more than one band due to the use of parallel LC
networks.

218. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the range of an AM broadcast frequency
tolerance above or below its assigned frequency?

a.) 25kHz

b.) 20 Hz

c.) 60 kHz

d.) 120 kHz


219. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Which part of the housing system in ECE code is a
circular opening through the floor structure to allow the passage of cable and wire.

a.) Insert

b.) Sleeve

c.) Raceway

d.) Slot

220. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What is the length of a simple quarter wave antenna
using a VHF frequency of 150.55 MHz?

a.) 0.98 ft.

b.) 1.24 ft.

c.) 1.80 ft.

d.) 1.55 ft.

221. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) In the study of acoustics, the velocity of sound
is dependent to one of the following.

a.) Temperature

b.) Loudness

c.) Source of sound

d.) Properties of the medium

222. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Which of the following is not considered as one of
the causes for the loss of signal power as light travels through a fiber optic?

a.) Scattering

b.) Intermodulation

c.) Fiber bending

d.) Absorption

223. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Referred to as a light source of fiber optic,
which supplies power level of 5 to 7 mW and having a narrow spectrum of emission.

a.) Injection laser diode


b.) Photodiode

c.) Light emitting diode

d.) Crystal diode

224. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) A digital mobile telephone system, which is called
European derivative of Global System for Mobile Communication System operating at a
higher frequency band.

a.) E-TACS

b.) IMTS

c.) DCS-1800

d.) TACS

225. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Communication through the use of a modem is
transmission of__________ data information in ____________ medium.

a.) Analog, analog

b.) Analog, digital

c.) Digital, analog

d.) Digital, digital

226. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) What type of emission is produced when
amplitude modulated transmitter is modulated by a television signal?

a.) A3F

b.) F3C

c.) F3F

d.) A3C

227. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) A term, used in radio communication defining the
frequency band from the lowest to its highest limits, designed to be passed through a
component, system or a device with an acceptable attenuation.

a.) Allocated band

b.) Baseband
c.) Bandwidth

d.) Transmitted signal

228. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Which body in the present ITU structure took the
place of CCITT?

a.) ITU-R

b.) ITU-D

c.) ITU-T

d.) RAG

229. (ECE Board Problem, November 2002) What is the frequency range of VLF?

a.) 10-10 kHz

b.) 30-300 kHz

c.) 300-3000 kHz

d.) 3-30 kHz

230. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is a wave front?

a.) A voltage pulse in a conductor

b.) A current pulse in the conductor

c.) A voltage pulse across a resistor

d.) A fixed point in an electromagnetic wave

231. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) How would you best describe an example of a
pilot tone system use in commercial frequency modulation broadcast radio stations?

a.) Frequency simplex

b.) Time division

c.) Stereo multiplex

d.) QSK
232. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Kind of broadcasting system where television
programs are transmitted directly to home/user receivers via satellite, thus making the
reception cover not only individuals in their homes but other places as well.

a.) Pay TV

b.) Direct to Home TV

c.) Cable TV

d.) VHF TV

233. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) In telecommunication, what do we call the
difference in the voltage level between a driver and a terminator?

a.) System gain

b.) Noise margin

c.) System loss

d.) Noise difference

234. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Why is parallel transfer method in data transmission
faster then serial?

a.) Wider channel bandwidth

b.) Bits are transferred simultaneously

c.) Bits are lighter in parallel

d.) Due to faster changes in symbol

235. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Radio frequency where waveguide is not used
extensively.

a.) 3,750 MHz

b.) 2,000 MHz

c.) 10,300 MHz

d.) 150 MHz

236. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) One of the following central office switching
equipment resistance limit refers to the longest subscriber loop length.

a.) 1500
b.) 300

c.) 2000

d.) 800

237. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) A particular area on the surface of the earth
where the boresight of a steerable satellite beam is intended to be pointed.

a.) Footprint area

b.) Contour boresight area

c.) Equivalent service area

d.) Effective boresight area

238. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Kind of information transfer in digital
communication where the bits comprising one character are sent in sequence one at a time.

a.) Parallel transmission

b.) Batch transmission

c.) Simplex transmission

d.) Serial transmission

239. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Which of the following antenna where its
beamwidth is determine by the dimension of its horn, lens or reflector?

a.) Whip antenna

b.) Aperiodic antenna

c.) Aperture antenna

d.) Long wire antenna

240. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) In a transoceanic satellite conversation, how much is
the typical delay before a reply is heard?

a.) 200ms.

b.) 900ms.

c.) 50ms.

d.) 600ms.
241. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000)Position of the maritime ship main antenna,
when the radio watch is secured or when the ship is in electrical storm.

a.) AA

b.) Main Transmitter

c.) Grounded

d.) HF

242. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Best applies to an optical fiber core.

a.) The same refractive index with the cladding

b.) A higher refractive index than the cladding

c.) A lower refractive index than the cladding

d.) A lower refractive index than air

243. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) What measure will help you adopt on the
antenna system of VHF or UHF mobile transceivers that has very low height antenna?

a.) Increase transmitter to antenna cable

b.) Use directional antenna

c.) Check grounding system

d.) Provide loading coil

244. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999)How do you account the effect of light intensity on
the refractive index of a fiber optic?

a.) Decrease

b.) Stable

c.) Increase

d.) Decrease by half

245. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) Refers to major advantage in the selection of a
guided tube.
a.) Durability

b.) Low cost

c.) Accuracy

d.) High power

246. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) This is the terminal where riser cable pairs are
terminated to serve a portion or an entire floor of a building.

a.) Floor terminal distribution area

b.) Raceway terminal

c.) Floor distribution terminal

d.) Riser terminal

247. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) This referred to a condition in a telephone
network where the calling party cannot get connected to the party being called.

a.) Disconnection

b.) Open network

c.) Blocked call

d.) Loss call

248. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) In data transmission technology, signals such as voice
or video are binary transmitted over a cable known as_________.

a.) Video signals

b.) Cable signals

c.) Baseband signals

d.) Audio signals

249. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) In satellite communications where satellite
revolves in an orbit that forms a plane passing through the center of gravity of the erath, this
center is called___________.

a.) Geocenter

b.) Earth center


c.) Plane center

d.) Center of gravity

250. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) In television, the color with the most luminance
is ________________.

a.) Blue

b.) Green

c.) Yellow

d.) Red

251. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What do you call the dissipated power affecting the
antenna efficiency caused by arching effect in high-powered transmitters?

a.) Dissipated power

b.) Antenna resistance

c.) Corona discharge

d.) Antenna loss

252. (ECE Board Problem, November 1999) What is the process in radio communication
where information or intelligence signal at a lower frequency is put unto higher radio
frequency for transmission to receiving station?

a.) Detection

b.) Mixing

c.) Modulation

d.) Demodulation

253. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) An inductor that is inserted in an antenna element or
transmission line for the purpose of producing a resonant system at specific.

a.) Reflector

b.) Traps

c.) Loading coil

d.) Base loading


254. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Satellite orbit around the earth are either, a) all
are circular, b) all are elliptical, c) they are either circular or elliptical and d) none of these
three.

a.) D

b.) B

c.) C

d.) A

255. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) What is the main reason why television picture signal
uses amplitude modulation, while voice is frequency modulated?

a.) Maintain the power signal at received end.

b.) Eliminate attenuation of both video and audio

c.) Maintain synchronized scanning between transmit and received video.

d.) To minimize interference between signals at received end

256. (ECE Board Problem, April 2002) Which of the following is referred to as a
disadvantage of using squelch circuit?

a.) Effect of AGC is reduced for strong signals.

b.) Receiver sensitivity is reduced for strong signals.

c.) Very weak signals might not be received.

d.) Receiver selectivity is reduced for strong signals.

257. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) How does spatial isolation technique in satellite
communications avoid interference?

a.) Use of different polarity antennas.

b.) Use of different types of antenna.

c.) Employment of highly directional spot-beam

d.) Use of low gain antenna

258. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) A parameter of light beam that do not change
quantity when it enters one medium from another.

a.) Intensity
b.) Penetration

c.) Frequency

d.) Wavelength

259. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) How far is the visual carrier from the aural in
the monochrome television broadcast channel have?

a.) 1.5 MHz

b.) 3 MHz

c.) 4.5 MHz

d.) 1.25 MHz

260. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) An order signed by former President F. Ramos
last March 1998 providing the national policy in the operation and use of international
satellite communication in the Philippines

a.) Executive Order 3846

b.) Executive Order 59

c.) Executive Order 456

d.) Executive Order 467

261. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Where does the Secretary General in the
organizational structure of present ITU report?

a.) WTSG

b.) TDAB

c.) WRC

d.) Council

262. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) In wire communication system using fiber
optic, the packing fraction is related to one of the following statement when referred to fiber
optic bundle.

a.) Ratio of the total fiber radius, to the sum of the fiber optic bundle radius.

b.) Ratio of half of the total fiber radius, to the sum of the fiber optic bundle radius.
c.) Ratio of half-sectional area of the fiber optic bundle, to the cross-sectional area of the
core

d.) Ratio of the total cross-sectional area to the total cross-sectional area of the fiber
bundle

263. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Determine the local oscillator frequency of a
broadcast band receiver using a 455kHz IF and is tuned at 630kHz.

a.) 175 kHz

b.) 1085 kHz

c.) 280 kHz

d.) 1530 kHz

264. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) One of the following is not a probable cause of
radiating spurious signal from basic transmitter.

a.) Harmonics

b.) Regulated supply

c.) Internal heating

d.) Parasitic

265. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) What is the purpose of the two Yagi beam antenna on
a VHF TV receiver?

a.) Used to receiver VHF and UHF stations.

b.) For receiving low and high band stations.

c.) To increase selectivity

d.) To increase sensitivity on both hands.

266. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) What is the noise that is develop in the RF
amplifier front end of a TV receiver, which is indicated by a white dot in the picture?

a.) Inter carrier

b.) Black

c.) Snow
d.) IF

267. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) Region in the atmosphere where ducting occurs?

a.) Ground region

b.) Stratosphere

c.) Ionosphere

d.) Troposphere

268. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Who issues an authority to install, operate, and
maintain a cable television or render a television service within a specified area in the
country?

a.) Department of Transportation and Communication.

b.) Board of Communication

c.) Congress of the Philippines

d.) National Telecommunications Communication

269. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the source of sidebands in frequency
modulation?

a.) Oscillator

b.) Baseband Frequency

c.) Mixer

d.) Carrier Harmonics

270. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) Which of the very thin layers of the tubes front
surface of the vidicon TV camera located at the middle layer and possess very high resistance
when dark, while it reduces greatly when struck by photons of light?

a.) Transparent Conductive Film

b.) Photoresistive Layer

c.) Photo Inductive Lens

d.) Photosensitive Layer

271. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) One of the following refers to the standard frequency
band limits of AM broadcast band?
a.) 30-300 MHz

b.) 88-108 MHz

c.) 3-30 MHz

d.) 535-1605 kHz

272. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000)In a cable facilities for a building
communications service,________ is referred to as the physical cable within a building or
series of buildings which may include both main cable pairs and house cable pairs but not
station wiring cable?

a.) Entrance cable

b.) Floor distribution cable

c.) House cable

d.) Building cable

273. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) What is the range of the lower sideband of an
amplitude modulated signal whose carrier is 1.5 MHz and the intelligence component is 50
Hz to 20 kHz?

a.) 1.550 MHz to 1.700 MHz

b.) 1,499.980 kHz to 2,520.00 kHz

c.) 1.48 MHz to 1.4995 MHz

d.) 1,500.980 kHz to 2,480.00 kHz

274. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) A stage in cellular communications where
voice channel is assigned to link up a call connection after a mobile or network originated a
call.

a.) Call termination

b.) Call completion

c.) Call connection

d.) Call drops

275. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) How many satellites does not the GPS system
consists?

a.) 12 satellites
b.) 3 satellites

c.) 24 satellites

d.) 60 satellites

276. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) Ratio of radiation resistance to the total resistance on
an antenna?

a.) Antenna gain

b.) Antenna sensitivity

c.) Antenna efficiency

d.) Antenna ratio

277. (ECE Board Problem, November 2000) What is the frequency of an LED at 1.9eV?

a.) 645 GHz

b.) 459 GHz

c.) 458 THz

d.) 337 THz

278. (ECE Board Problem, April 1999) One of the characteristics of a fiber optic used in
order to carry light in several modes of propagation or to become a multimode fiber.

a.) Diameter of the core must be equal to the wavelength of the light to be carried.

b.) Diameter of the core must be very much greater than the wavelength of the light
to be carried.

c.) Diameter of the core must be very small compared to the wavelength of light to be
carried.

d.) Diameter of the core must be much half the wavelength of the light to be carried.

279. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) One of the following is a communications filter
generally used in the transceiver of a single sideband generator.

a.) Low-pass filter

b.) Crystal filter

c.) Bandpass filter


d.) Mechanical filter

280. (ECE Board Problem, April 2000) In computer communications, the term RS-232C is
referred to as__________.

a.) Analog connection standard

b.) Serial interference standard

c.) Digital connection standard

d.) Parallel port standard