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STEAMcalc 12.8 : Mar 10 2005 Comment1 Comment2

BOILER HOUSE AIR HEATER BATTERIES FLASH VESSELS


TDS blowdown Heating capacity kW Flash vessel sizing
Condensate return and F & A Steam load kg/h Safety valve sizing
Feedwater & pressure and F&A Multi-section
Boiler kW to F & A Humidifier load
Hotwell tank heat loss costs
Hotwell tank chemical savings PRESSURE REDUCING VALVES SAFETY VALVES
Hotwell tank height above feedpump Superheating and drying effect Size discharge & inlet pipes
Accumulators Calculate fault flow
Deaerators
HEAT EXCHANGERS
STEAM PIPES Heating load, control valve & stall MISC. UTILITIES
Find flow on velocity Water/water heat exchanger Steamtables
Find velocity & pressure drop Stall chart - constant flow secondary Conversion tables
Size pipe on velocity kW to kg/h steam
Size pipe on pressure drop STEAM METERS Heat needed to raise temperature
Running load Effect of density compensation Pipe surface areas
Warm-up load Effect of dryness fraction Pipe cross-sectional areas
Superheated steam pipes Wind speed correction factors
Radiation losses (table) TANKS Interactive steam loop
Volumes and areas Mixing water at different temps.
CONDENSATE PIPES Water tanks - losses and loads Heat losses from water pipes
Drain and discharge lines Oil tanks - losses and loads Heat losses from oil pipes
Coil sizing Heat losses from flat surfaces
STEAM VALVE SIZING Sparge pipe sizing
Find flow Heating air in a tank
Find Kv
Find P1 LEAKS / ORIFICES / NOZZLES
Find P2 Steam leaks through holes
Superheated steam Steam leaks through traps
Steam leaks through valve stems
WATER APPLICATIONS Steam flow through nozzles
Water flow through an orifice
Air leaks through holes
Calculate cross sectional area from pipe bore

Data input
Pipe bore mm

csa mm2
csa m2

MAIN MENU
WATER APPLICATIONS

Water Valve Sizing


Find flow
Find Kv
Find Pressure drop

Water pipes
Mass flow
Volumetric flow

Water tanks
Water tanks - losses and loads

MAIN MENU
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

m/s

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

m/s

MAIN MENU
Pressure m w.g. kPa bar psi kg/cm2
bar bar kPa bar bar
kPa m w.g. m w.g. kPa kPa
kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 m w.g.
psi psi psi m w.g. psi
ins w.g. ins w.g. ins w.g. ins w.g. ins w.g.
Temperature O
C O
F K R
K R O
C O
F
O
F O
C O
F O
C MAIN MENU
R K R K
Water flow L/s m3/h kg/h lb/h UK g/h
m3/h L/s L/s L/s L/s
kg/h kg/h m3/h m3/h m3/h
lb/h lb/h lb/h kg/h kg/h
UK g/h UK g/h UK g/h UK g/h lb/h
Mass flow kg/h kg/s lb/h lb/s
kg/s lb/h lb/s kg/h
lb/h lb/s kg/h kg/s
lb/s kg/h kg/s lb/h
Heat flow W kW kcal/h kcal/s Btu/h
kW W W W W
kcal/h kcal/h kW kW kW
kcal/s kcal/s kcal/s kcal/h kcal/h
Btu/h Btu/h Btu/h Btu/h kcal/s
Total heat GJ MJ kJ
MJ kJ MJ
kJ GJ GJ
bar g steam Press
tonnes steam kg steam kg steam
ins w.g.
bar
kPa
m w.g.
kg/cm2
psi

MAIN MENU
Estimating the amount of steam needed to raise the temperature of deaerator water

The heat balance equation states that the heat in the incoming water plus heat supplied by the steam
equals the heat in the water and the condensed steam, at the final temperature
min h1 + ms h = (min + ms)h2
where:
min = Water entering DA
h1 = Heat in the water at the incoming temperature
h2 = Heat in the water at the outgoing temperature
hg = Total heat in saturated steam
ms = Steam needed to raise the water temperature to the required temperature

To find the steam needed to raise the water temperature (m s)


The equation is transposed to solve for ms i.e. ms = min (h2 - h1)/ (hg - h2)

Enter data
Mass flow of water entering the DA (min) kg/h
Temperature of water entering the DA C
o

Temperature of water leaving the DA C


o

Boiler pressure bar g

Result
Total heat in the steam (h) kJ/kg
Mass flow of steam needed to heat the water (m s) kg/h

MAIN MENU
eaerator water

heat supplied by the steam


SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
Water pipe pressure drop
Comment
Enter Data 1005.6
Water temperature o
C #N/A
Mass flow kg/h
Pipe bore mm kg/s = 0
Coeff. of friction ' f ' d= 0
Length of pipe metres m=
d5 = 0
Relative roughness
Reynold's No.

Results
Pressure drop/m Pa/m
Pressure drop/m bar/100m
Pressure drop bar

Velocity m/s f
Volume flow L/min 0 L/s
Volume flow L/s

Density kg/m3
Viscosity Pa s

Main menu

Volume flow
rel rough Density viscosity
10 0.0037 5 1004.85 0.001491
15 0.0029 15 1001.47 0.00113
20 0.0021 25 997.742 0.000889
25 0.0017 35 993.672 0.00072
32 0.0013 45 989.25 0.000597
40 0.0011 55 984.466 0.000505
50 0.00087 65 979.312 0.000435
65 0.00067 75 973.779 0.00038
80 0.00057 85 967.856 0.000336
100 0.00044 95 961.533 0.000301
125 0.00035 105 954.799 0.000271
150 0.0003 115 947.639 0.000247
125 940.041 0.000226
135 931.988 0.000208
145 923.463 0.000193
155 914.448 0.000179
165 904.92 0.000168
175 894.855 0.000157
185 884.226 0.000148
195 872.999 0.000139
3.7 0.001
2.9 0.001
2.1 0.001
1.7 0.001
1.3 0.001
1.1 0.001
8.7 0.0001
6.7 0.0001
5.7 0.0001
4.4 0.0001
3.5 0.0001
3 0.0001
Water pipe pressure drop
Comment
Enter Data 1005.6
Water temperature o
C #N/A
Volume flow L/min
Pipe bore mm kg/s = #VALUE!
Coeff. of friction ' f ' d= 0
Length of pipe metres m=
d5 = 0
Relative roughness
Reynold's No.

Results
Pressure drop/m Pa/m
Pressure drop/m bar/100m
Pressure drop bar

Velocity m/s f
Mass flow kg/h
Mass flow kg/s

Density kg/m3
Viscosity Pa s

Main menu

Mass flow
rel rough Density viscosity
10 0.0037 5 1004.85 0.001491
15 0.0029 15 1001.47 0.00113
20 0.0021 25 997.742 0.000889
25 0.0017 35 993.672 0.00072
32 0.0013 45 989.25 0.000597
40 0.0011 55 984.466 0.000505
50 0.00087 65 979.312 0.000435
65 0.00067 75 973.779 0.00038
80 0.00057 85 967.856 0.000336
100 0.00044 95 961.533 0.000301
125 0.00035 105 954.799 0.000271
150 0.0003 115 947.639 0.000247
125 940.041 0.000226
135 931.988 0.000208
145 923.463 0.000193
155 914.448 0.000179
165 904.92 0.000168
175 894.855 0.000157
185 884.226 0.000148
195 872.999 0.000139
3.7 0.001
2.9 0.001
2.1 0.001
1.7 0.001
1.3 0.001
1.1 0.001
8.7 0.0001
6.7 0.0001
5.7 0.0001
4.4 0.0001
3.5 0.0001
3 0.0001
Comment Horizontal Accumulator

Data input
Boiler Pressure bar g
Boiler MCR kg/h
Flow during the overload kg/h
Overload time period minutes
MIN time between overloads minutes
Off-peak demand kg/h Pressure Maintaining
Distribution pressure bar g Valve
Length of vessel m Alter vessel dimensions so that
Diameter of vessel m (A) is less than (B)
Stop Valve
MIN tank volume req'd m3 (A)
Actual tank volume m3 (B)
Nominal water depth in tank B m
Water surface area m2 Check Valve
Steam required per cycle kg
Flash generated % Flo
Tra
Accumulator pressure at end of overload bar g
MAX allowable release rate kg/m2h at bar g
Required release rate kg/m2h
MIN evap.capacity req'd kg/h per cycle
MAX evap.capacity available kg/h
kg/h per cycle
Time needed to recharge minutes

MAIN POSITIVE CHECK LIST NEGATIVE CHECK


MENU 1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
ntal Accumulator

Pressure Maintaining Vacuum Safety Valve Pressure


Valve Breaker Reducing
& Air Vent Valve
ns so that
(B)
Stop Valve

Check Valve
Sight
Float Accumulator Glass
Trap

Steam Injectors

Drain Valve

Measure tank
length from
here to here
MAX allowable release rate kg/m2h at bar g
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
Tank, rectangular
L length.. m
W width...... m
H height.. m
depth liquid depth..... m
VOLUME & WEIGHT:
volume, total m3
litres H liquid depth
volume, liquid only m3
litres m m
SG of liquid ..
mass of liquid kg L
AREAS:
area of sides, front & back, 2@ m2 ea
area of sides, left & right, 2@ m2 ea
area of top & bottom, 2@ m2 ea (this is also the area of the surface of the liquid)
total area of the 4 vertical sides m2
total area of top + bottom m2
total surface area m2

Cylinder, flat ends, vertical or horizontal


L length or height 0.00 m
D diameter . 0.00 m height
volumes full m3 D
full litres m
circumference m m
area of top & bottom, 2@ m2
area of cylindrical surface m2
exposed surface area above ground m2

Horizontal cylinder only


liquid depth. 0.00 m
free space m L
liquid depth as a % of D %
liquid volume m3
free space
liquid volume Litres
liquid volume as a % of total
cylindrical volume % D
liquid depth
Surface area of water m2
W
m

MAIN MENU
HEAT LOSSES FROM UNLAGGED OIL PIPES PER METRE (FOOT) RUN

Oil temperature

Nominal bore up to 10 oC 10 - 27 oC
mm up to 50 oF 50 - 80 oF
0.7 0.9
15 0.4 0.5
0.7 1.1
20 0.4 0.6
0.8 1.2
25 1.4 0.7
2.1 1.7
40 1.6 1
2.8 2.1
50 1.6 1.2

MAIN MENU
OIL PIPES PER METRE (FOOT) RUN

27 - 38 oC Heat
80 - 100 oF Loss
0.9 W/moC
0.5 Btu/hr ft oF
1.1 W/moC
0.6 Btu/hr ft oF
1.4 W/moC
0.8 Btu/hr ft oF
1.9 W/moC
1.1 Btu/hr ft oF
2.2 W/moC
1.3 Btu/hr ft oF
WATER PIPES

HEAT LOSS FOR TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PIPE A


Nominal bore W/m
mm in 50oC 60 C
o
75 C
o
100 Co
110 C
o
125 C
o
140oC
15
1
/2" 30 40 60 90 130 155 180
20
3
/4" 35 50 70 110 160 190 220
25 1 40 60 90 130 200 235 275
32 11/4" 50 70 110 160 240 290 330
40 11/2" 55 80 120 180 270 320 375
50 2 65 95 150 220 330 395 465
65 21/2" 80 120 170 260 390 465 540
80 3 100 140 210 300 470 560 650
100 4 120 170 260 380 5850 700 820
150 6 170 250 370 540 815 970 1130
200 8 220 320 470 690 1040 1240 1440
250 10 270 390 570 835 1250 1510 1750
300 12 315 460 670 980 1470 1760 2060

MAIN MENU
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PIPE AND AIR
W/m
150oC 165oC 195oC 225oC 280oC
205 235 280 375 575
255 290 370 465 660
305 355 455 565 815
375 435 555 700 1000
420 485 625 790 1120
520 600 770 975 1390
615 715 910 1150 1650
740 860 1090 1380 1980
925 1065 1370 1740 2520
1290 1470 1910 2430 3500
1650 1900 2440 3100 4430
1995 2300 2980 3780 5600
2340 2690 3370 4430 6450
Calculate the heating capacity (kW) of an air heater battery

Q (kW) = 1.3 x V x DT

Data Input

Volumetric air flow m3/s


Air on temperature o
C
Air off temperature o
C m3 /s

DT C
o

C
o
C
o

Results
Heating capacity kW
Btu/h

MAIN MENU

STEAM LOAD

Multi-section

Steamcalc 5.xls
Steamcalc 5.xls
Calculate the humidifier load Comment

Data Input
Steam Steam
Volumetric air flow m /s3
kg/h kg/h
Battery air-on temperature o
C
Battery air-on RH %
Battery air-off temperature o
C
Steam pressure in heater battery bar g
Req'd RH after humidifier %
m3 /s

Results
Heater battery load kW C
o
C
o
C
o

Heater battery steam load kg/h %RH %RH %RH


RH after battery %
RH after humidifier %
Humidifier steam load kg/h

Condensate

MAIN MENU

Steamcalc 5.xls
Steamcalc 5.xls
absolute
T Psat kPa
T in 0 C
RH1 0 % 0 0 0.6113
Moisture content in 0.0000 kg water/kg dry air 1 0.66346
sp vol 0.784 m3/kg Psat 1 2 0.71562
SH 1.005 kJ/kgC 0.6113 kPa 3 0.76778
hg water in 2501.3 kJ/kg 0.6113 4 0.81994
hg water out 2501.3 kJ/kg 5 0.8721
Tout 0 C Psat 2 6 0.9432
DT 0 C 0.6113 kPa 7 1.0143
8 1.0854
air flow 0.000 m3/s 9 1.1565
air flow 0.00 kg/s 10 1.2276
h to heat air 0.0 kJ/kg 11 1.3231
h to heat air 0.0 kW 12 1.4186
water flow 0.0000 kg/s 13 1.5141
h to heat water 0.0 kJ/kg 14 1.6096
h to heat water 0.00 kW 15 1.7051
phi Psat 0 16 1.83188
RH2 0% 17 1.95866
req'd RH3 0.00 18 2.08544
Moisture content after hum 0.00000 kg water/kg dry air 19 2.21222
moisture inc due to hum 0.00000 kg water/kg dry air 20 2.339
hum steam load 0 kg/s 21 2.505
0.0 kg/h 22 2.671
23 2.837
partial press vap at T1 0.000 kPa 24 3.003
partial press air at T1 100.000 kPa 25 3.169
sp.vol at T1 0.784 m3/kg 26 3.3844
27 3.5998
28 3.8152
29 4.0306
30 4.246
31 4.5224
32 4.7988
33 5.0752
34 5.3516
35 5.628
36 5.9792
density SH 37 6.3304
T kg/m3 kJ/kgK 38 6.6816
-150 2.793 1.026 39 7.0328
-100 1.980 1.009 40 7.384
-50 1.534 1.005 41 7.8258
0 1.293 1.005 42 8.2676
20 1.205 1.005 43 8.7094
40 1.127 1.005 44 9.1512
60 1.067 1.009 45 9.593
80 1.000 1.009 46 10.1442
100 0.946 1.009 47 10.6954
120 0.898 1.013 48 11.2466
140 0.854 1.013 49 11.7978
160 0.815 1.017 50 12.349
180 0.779 1.022 51 13.0308
200 0.746 1.026 52 13.7126
250 0.675 1.034 53 14.3944
300 0.616 1.047 54 15.0762
350 0.566 1.055 55 15.758
400 0.524 1.068 56 16.5944
57 17.4308
58 18.2672
59 19.1036
60 19.94
61 20.958
62 21.976
63 22.994
64 24.012
65 25.03
66 26.262
67 27.494
68 28.726
69 29.958
70 31.19
71 32.668
72 34.146
73 35.624
74 37.102
75 38.58
76 40.342
77 42.104
78 43.866
79 45.628
80 47.39
81 49.478
82 51.566
83 53.654
84 55.742
85 57.83
86 60.292
87 62.754
88 65.216
89 67.678
90 70.14
91 73.022
92 75.904
93 78.786
94 81.668
95 84.55
96 87.91
97 91.27
98 94.63
99 97.99
100 101.35
1 0.674711082 0.674711082
x 0 0.015630344 0
x2 0 0.003640191 0
0.05216 x3 0 -0.000033982 0
x4 0 0.000000966 0
0.674711082

0.0711 1 0.0037517537 0.0037517537


x= 0 0.000295186 0
x2 = 0 8.354216E-06 0
x3 = 0 1.26621E-07 0
x4 = 0 4.629E-09 0
0.0955 Moisture content at Tin 0.0038 kg water/kg dry air

0.12678

0.166

0.2154

0.2764

0.3512 density 1.29121429

1 1.29121429 1.29121429
x 0 0.00439821 0
x2 0 0.00000955 0
0.4418

0.5512 1.400

1.200 f(x) = 0.00000955x^2 - 0.00439821x + 1.29121429

1.000

0.800 Column D
Polynomial
(Column D)
0.600

0.400
1.400

1.200 f(x) = 0.00000955x^2 - 0.00439821x + 1.29121429

1.000
0.6818 Column D
0.800
Polynomial
(Column D)
0.600

0.400
0.8364
0.200

0.000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
1.018

1.232

1.478

1.762

2.088

2.462

2.882

3.36
-7.3 0.002
-2.8 0.003
0.8 0.004
3.8 0.005
6.4 0.006
8.6 0.007
10.5 0.008
12.3 0.009
13.9 0.01
1.4
15.4 0.011
16.8 0.012 1.2
18 0.013 f(x) = - 0.000068983x^4 + 0.001333673x^3 - 0.006415428
19.25 0.014 1
20.25 0.015
21.25 0.016 0.8
22.25 0.017
23.2 0.018 0.6
24 0.019
24.8 0.02 0.4
25.75 0.021
0.2
26.5 0.022
27.2 0.023 0
27.8 0.024 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
28.6 0.025
29.2 0.026
29.8 0.027
30.4 0.028
31 0.029
31.6 0.03
32.2 0.031
0.035
32.6 0.032
33.2
f(x) = 0.000000004629x^4 + 0.033
0.000000126621x^3 + 0.000008354216x^2 + 0.000295186024x + 0
0.03

0.025

0.02 Column
Polynom
(Column
0.015

0.01

429 0.005

0
-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Column D
Polynomial
(Column D)
0.01

429 0.005

0
-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Column D
Polynomial
(Column D)

120
^4 + 0.001333673x^3 - 0.006415428x^2 + 0.060710225x + 0.610306643

sat press
Polynomial (sat
press)

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

8354216x^2 + 0.000295186024x + 0.003751753667

Column AF
Polynomial
(Column AF)

30 35 40
30 35 40
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0.00 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
Calculate steam load on an air heater battery

m (kg/h) = 4 680 x V x DT bar g


hfg

Data Input

Steam pressure bar g


Volume flow m3/s m3/s airflow
Air on temperature o
C
Air off temperature o
C
C
o
C
o

hfg kJ/kg
Steam temperature o
C at
Minimum steam pressure of bar g required

Results
Steam flowrate kg/h
lb/h
Btu/h

MAIN MENU Comment

HEATING CAPACITY

MULTI SECTION
Calculate load shared in multi-section heater batteries Section 1 out temp
Section 1 delta T
Data input latent enthalpy Btu/lb
Section 2 in temp
Steam pressure in batteries bar g = O
C
Air in Temp o
C
Air off temp o
C
Total battery heat load kW (Retrieve from 'Heating capacity' if required)
No of sections
Condensate pressure bar g
Condensate lift metres

Results MAIN MENU


Steam full load kg/h
All sections stall at % load Heating capacity
Total stall load kg/h
at an air inlet temperature of o
C
total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R

Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

Air flow Air flow

Liquid spec vol m

14 -100 bar a

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Boilers rated in kW Boiler output is reduced due to the effect of the feedwater temperature

ms = kW x 3 600
(hg - feedwater enthalpy)

Data input
Boiler rating kW
Boiler pressure bar g
Feedwater temperature o
C

Results
Boiler steam output kg/h of steam
Nominal heat output kW
Reduction in boiler rating %

MAIN MENU
eedwater temperature
The effect of CONDENSATE RETURN on boiler rating

Data input

Boiler rated at bar g


Boiler operating at bar g
Maximum plant load kg/h
% Condensate Return %
Condensate temperature deg C
Make-up temperature deg C

Results
Minimum boiler rating required kg/h F & A
Dry steam output kg/h
Condensate return kg/h
% Make-up %
Make-up kg/h
Feedwater temp deg C
Feedwater enthalpy kJ/kg

MAIN MENU FEEDWATER & PRESSURE and F & A


Size condensate drain lines & trap discharge lines

System 1 System 2 System 3


Steam pressures bar g bar g bar g
Condensate rate kg/h kg/h kg/h

Drains

Discharges

MAIN MENU

GO TO CHARTS
Condensate
bar g backpressure

Comment

A
A lifting
lifting condensate
condensate line

kg/h flash
kg/h cond

A
A falling
falling condensate
condensate line
line
The effect of BOILER PRESSURE AND FEEDWATER TEMPERATURE on boiler ratin

Data input

Boiler rated at a pressure of bar g


Boiler operating at bar g
Boiler rated output kg/h F & A
Feedwater temperature deg C

Results
Max. possible evaporation rate kg/h dry steam
Boiler derated to % of F & A

MAIN MENU CONDENSATE and F & A


RATURE on boiler rating
Calculate Size of Flash Vessels Comment

Data input

Flash Pressure bar g


Trap pressure bar g % Flash
Condensate load kg/h kg/h flash
Trap pressure bar g % Flash
Condensate load kg/h kg/h flash
Trap pressure bar g % Flash
Condensate load kg/h kg/h flash
Trap pressure bar g % Flash
Condensate load kg/h kg/h flash

Total condensate to flash vessel kg/h Total Flash kg/h


lb/h lb/h

Result
Choose Flash Vessel

MAIN MENU
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DES

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7

NOT FOR USE


ATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
MICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048
E TAKEN FROM
G & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
7.354 0.0010 1.6710
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010
McKETTA)

SPEC VOL m3/kg


vg
1.6710
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010
McKETTA)

SPEC VOL m3/kg


vg
1.6710
ENTER 1st Sizing a Safety Valve on a flash vessel
FT Numbers PRV
DN15 ENTER 2nd
DN20
DN25 Traps
DN32 Pressure on traps bar g
DN40 Condensate flow kg/h
DN50
DN80 Flash Vessel
DN100 SV set Pressure bar g
TD Numbers
DN15LC PRV
DN15 Upstream pressure on PRV bar g SV
DN20 Kvs of PRV
DN25 Fault flow kg/h
BP Numbers
DN15 Bypasses
DN20 Total Kvs of bypass valves
DN25 Fault flow kg/h
SM Numbers
DN15 Safety Valve
DN20 SV set pressure bar g
DN25 SV capacity required kg/h
DN32
IB Numbers
DN15
DN20
DN25
DN40
DN50
Total Kvs MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
Calculate the amount of heat to raise the temperature of a substance

Q (kJ) = m x Cp x DT

Data Input

Mass of substance (m) kg


Specific heat of substance (Cp) kJ/kg oC
Initial temperature o
C
Final temperature o
C

Results
Amount of heat required kJ
kWh
Therms
Btu

MAIN MENU
Calculate the cost of hotwell tank heat loss

Data input

Tank Temperature C
o

Ambient temperature C
o

Length of tank m
Width of tank m
Height of tank m
Cost of steam per tonne
Operating hours per year hours metre

Results
Nominal cost of heat loss a year NO insulation zz
Nominal cost of heat loss a year 50 mm insulation zz
zz
Nominal cost of heat loss a year 100 mm insulation zzz
zzz
zz
zzz
zzz
zz heat available i
zzz
zzz
zz
zzz
MAIN MENU zzz
zz
zzz
zzz
zz
z
Tank with lid

metre
metre
Savings on chemicals in a hotwell tank
by running a higher water temperature

Data input Solubility of Oxygen

Cost of sodium sulphate per tonne 14


Average steaming rate kg/h

Solubility ppm
Initial tank temperature T1 o
C 12
Final tank temperature T2 o
C
Hotwell continuously running 8736 hours a year
10
Sodium sulphite to treat 1 ppm of O2 8 ppm
Plus the reserve in boiler 4 ppm
8
Results
6
Oxygen content @ T1 ppm
Oxygen content @ T2 ppm
4
Amount of sodium sulphate @ T1 kg/year
Amount of sodium sulphate @ T2 kg/year
2
Annual cost of dosing @ T1
Annual cost of dosing @ T2 0
0 10 20 30 40 50
Savings from raising the hotwell temp. per year Hotwell temp
Equal to a reduction in chemical costs of %

MAIN MENU
Solubility of Oxygen in hotwell tank

14
Solubility ppm

12

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Hotwell temperature oC
H o tw e ll te m p e r a tu r e o C
0.6 80
0.8 82.9
1 84.73
1.2 85.8
1.6 87.56
3.1 93 Recommended hotwell heights
4.6 99
5.2 100 with centrifugal boiler feedpumps
100
98
96
94
92
90
88
86
84
82
80
0 1 2 3 4 5
Bottom of hotwell above feedpump (metres)

MAIN MENU
ts
mps

4 5 6
ump (metres)
Heating load at the design condition

Q (kW) = m x Cp x DT
3,600

Data Input

Specific heat of water (Cp) 4.19 kJ/kg oC


Secondary flowrate (m) l/s of water L/min of water
Inlet temperature o
C m3/h
Outlet temperature o
C kg/h
lb/h
Results UK gph
Mean rate of heat transfer kW UK gps
Btu/h

This result is transferred to 'CONTROL VALVE'

SIZE CONTROL VALVE

MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Outlet temperature too low

363844057.xls
Enter pressures to calculate the valve Kvr
and then select the valve Kvs
Application curve and valve curves
Data input 100
Heater Supply pressure bar g
90
Pressure in heater at full load bar g
Minimum heat load % of full load 80
Steam flow at full load kg/h
70

Valve Required Kvr 60


Selected valve Kvs Heat load (%)
Pressure drop across valve 50

40

30
This result is transferred to 20
calculate the stall loads
10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
HEATING LOAD Valve lift & Application Kvr (%)
Linear valve Equal % valve Kvr
FULL LOAD

1 Constant flow - STALL ANY HEAT EXCHANGER

2 Variable flow - STALL SHELL & TUBE TYPE

3 Variable flow - STALL PLATE TYPE

MAIN MENU
90 100
Stall - Any HxE - constant flow secondary

Full Load
Heater steam pressure at full load bar g
Secondary flow L/s of water
Inlet temperature o
C
Outlet temperature o
C Constant flo
Full load heating capacity kW Constant out
Minimum heat load 0 % of full load

Condensate pressure bar g


Condensate lift m
Values shown on this diagram
Total cond backpressure bar g
are for minimum load
Secondary Inlet temp at stall o
C

HEATING LOAD CONTROL VALVE MAIN MENU


Stall - Shell & Tube Hxe - variable flow secondary Comment

Pressure in heater bar g at FULL load


Secondary flowrate L/s at FULL load Sta
Inlet Temperature o
C Shell & Tube Heat Exchan
Outlet Temperature o
C
Minimum heat load 0 % of FULL load

Condensate pressure 0 bar g


Condensate lift metres
Total backpressure bar g
Percentage STALL load %
Heat Load kW at FULL load
Steam flow kg/h at FULL load
Steam flow kg/h at MIN load
Steam flow kg/h at STALL load

100 90 80 70 60
%
Steam Line
Minimum load line

MAIN MENU
Stall Chart
ll & Tube Heat Exchanger - Variable Flow Secondary

12

10

oC
6

0
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
% Heat Load
team Line Secondary Line Backpressure
inimum load line

HEATING LOAD CONTROL VALVE


steam T
hfg
min steam
stall steam

Cond lift
U 7450 W/m2oC secondary
max load Design A 2.60 m2 max load
Actual A 2.6 m2
% oversized 0.0 % Cp 4.186 kJ/kg
deg C
kJ/kg
#VALUE! kg/h
#VALUE! kg/h
steam T at
0 bar g steam P at min load min load
#VALUE! bar g #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! 0 #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE! #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 4 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 6 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 9 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 12 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 13 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 14 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 15 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 16 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 17 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 18 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 19 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 22 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 23 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 24 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 25 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 26 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 27 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 28 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 29 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 30 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 31 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 32 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 33 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 34 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 35 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 36 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 37 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 38 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 39 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 40 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 41 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 42 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 43 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 44 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 45 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 46 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 47 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 48 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 49 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 51 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 52 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 53 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 54 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 56 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 57 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 58 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 59 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 60 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 61 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 62 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 63 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 64 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 65 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 66 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 67 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 68 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 69 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 70 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 71 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 72 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 73 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 74 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 75 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 76 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 77 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 78 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 79 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 80 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 81 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 82 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 83 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 84 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 85 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 86 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 87 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 88 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 89 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 90 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 91 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 92 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 93 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 94 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 95 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 96 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 97 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 98 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 99 #VALUE! #VALUE!
100 0.000
LMTD
a #VALUE!
b #VALUE!
a-b #VALUE!
a/b #VALUE! = TDC
Ln a/b #VALUE!
Varying flow example
% load Ts Ps (bar g) hfg a-b/ LMTD ex LMTD
100 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
90 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
80 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
70 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
60 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
50 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
40 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
30 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

to pass kg/h at #VALUE! bar DP


and kg/h at #VALUE! bar DP
#VALUE! #VALUE!
% load ms (kg/s) kg/h % load sec flow kW sec line #VALUE! cond p
100 #VALUE! #VALUE! 100 #VALUE! 1
90 #VALUE! #VALUE! 90 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.9
80 #VALUE! #VALUE! 80 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.8
70 #VALUE! #VALUE! 70 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.7
60 #VALUE! #VALUE! 60 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.6
50 #VALUE! #VALUE! 50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.5
40 #VALUE! #VALUE! 40 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.4
30 #VALUE! #VALUE! 30 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.3
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! 20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.2
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! 10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.1
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.01
cond Temp
Stall - Plate HxE - variable flow secondary Comment

Pressure in heater bar g at FULL load


Secondary flowrate L/s at FULL load St
Inlet temperature deg C Plate Heat Exchange
Outlet temperature deg C
MIN heat load 0 % of full load

Condensate presssure bar g


Condensate lift metres
Total backpressure bar g
Percentage STALL load %
Heat load kW at FULL load
Steam flow kg/h at FULL load
Steam flow kg/h at MIN load
Steam flow kg/h at STALL load

100 90 80 70 60
%

Secondary line Backpre

MAIN MENU
Stall chart
Plate Heat Exchanger - Variable flow secondary

12

10

oC
6

0
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
% Heat load

Secondary line Backpressure Steam line Minimum load line

MAIN MENU HEATING LOAD CONTROL VALVE


LMTD AT STALL
a #VALUE! % stall #VALUE! %
b #VALUE! Stall load #VALUE! kg/h
a-b #VALUE! Sec flow #VALUE! L/s
a/b #VALUE! = TDC MIN load
Ln a/b #VALUE! #VALUE!

Varying flow example


% load Ts Ps (bar g) hfg a-b/ LMTD ex LMTD
100 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
90 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
80 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
70 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
60 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
40 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
30 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
max load U 7450 W/m2oC secondary
Design A 2.60 m2 max load
steam T deg C Actual A 2.6 m2 m
hfg kJ/kg oversized 0.0 % Cp 4.186
T1
T2
kW T mean #VALUE!

Q #VALUE!

virt LMTD % load ms (kg/s) kg/h % load sec flow kW sec line #VALUE!
#VALUE! 100 #VALUE! #VALUE! 100 #VALUE! 1
#VALUE! 90 #VALUE! #VALUE! 90 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.9
#VALUE! 80 #VALUE! #VALUE! 80 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.8
#VALUE! 70 #VALUE! #VALUE! 70 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.7
#VALUE! 60 #VALUE! #VALUE! 60 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.6
#VALUE! 50 #VALUE! #VALUE! 50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.5
#VALUE! 40 #VALUE! #VALUE! 40 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.4
#VALUE! 30 #VALUE! #VALUE! 30 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.3
#VALUE! 20 #VALUE! #VALUE! 20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.2
#VALUE! 10 #VALUE! #VALUE! 10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.1
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.01
kg/s
kJ/kg 0
degC equiv cond T deg C
degC
degC -33.10782 P min load bar g
DP trap min load #VALUE! bar
kW #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
cond p cond T Steam virtu Ts kg/h Ts min load=
0 #REF! 429 100 #VALUE! #VALUE! 100
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 90 #VALUE! #VALUE! 90
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 80 #VALUE! #VALUE! 80
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 70 #VALUE! #VALUE! 70
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 60 #VALUE! #VALUE! 60
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 50 #VALUE! #VALUE! 50
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 40 #VALUE! #VALUE! 40
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 30 #VALUE! #VALUE! 30
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 20 #VALUE! #VALUE! 20
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 10 #VALUE! #VALUE! 10
0 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! #VALUE!

Ts load Ts ms
0 #VALUE! 0
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 4 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 6 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 9 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 10 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 11 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 12 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 13 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 14 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 15 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 16 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 17 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 18 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 19 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 20 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 21 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 22 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 23 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 24 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 25 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 26 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 27 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 28 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 29 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 30 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 31 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 32 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 33 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 34 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 35 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 36 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 37 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 38 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 39 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 40 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 41 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 42 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 43 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 44 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 45 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 46 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 47 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 48 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 49 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 51 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 52 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 53 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 54 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 56 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 57 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 58 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 59 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 60 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 61 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 62 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 63 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 64 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 65 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 66 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 67 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 68 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 69 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 70 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 71 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 72 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 73 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 74 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 75 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 76 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 77 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 78 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 79 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 80 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 81 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 82 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 83 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 84 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 85 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 86 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 87 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 88 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 89 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 90 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 91 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 92 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 93 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 94 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 95 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 96 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 97 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 98 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 99 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 100 #VALUE! #VALUE!
630 1
595 0.94
560 0.89
520 0.83
476 0.76
425 0.67
375 0.60
315 0.50
245 0.39
170 0.27

Ps

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE!
Full load conditions

m (kg/h) = kW x 3 600
hfg
Full load
Water flow l/s water
Inlet temperature o
C
Outlet temperature o
C
Required capacity kW
Heater steam pressure at full load bar g

Results
Full load kg/h steam
kW
lb/h
Btu/h
Values shown on this
diagram are for full load

HEATING LOAD

CONTROL VALVE

MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Heat exchange, water to water, Ver. 1.2 Provided by Graham Smith - S

Insert known data into grey cells. For data that is unknown, insert some guessed values.
Calculation is correct when Primary and Secondary loads are equal. To equalise them...
use Excel's GOAL SEEK function (in TOOLS menu), and follow the on-screen prompts.

Heating
Primary and secondary flows must be entered in kg/h. Use the conversion boxes next to the sketch
to convert from litre/sec, /min, /h flows, and use GOAL SEEK to "back-convert" from a known kg/h rate.

Primary heating fluid water


Specific heat 4.19 Primary
P Primary flowrate kg/h
P1 primary inlet temp degC 0 kg/h (P)
P2 primary outlet temp degC must be greater than S1 0 degC P1)
primary heat load 0 kW
Secondary (heated) fliud water Primary flow conversions
Specific heat 4.19 SG 1.00 kg/h
S secondary flowrate kg/h litres/sec 2.00 7,200
S1 secondary inlet temp degC litres/min 10.0 600
S2 secondary outlet temp degC must be less than P1 litres/h 2000 2,000
secondary heat load 0 kW

0 degC (P2)

MAIN MENU
Provided by Graham Smith - SxS Australia

Secondary

0 degC (S2)

Secondary - flow conversions


Heat SG 1.00 kg/h
exchanger litres/sec 0.00 0
litres/min 0.0 0
litres/h 0 0

0 kg/h (S)
0 degC (S1)
Calculate steam flowrate from kW rating

m (kg/h) = kW x 3 600
hfg

Data Input

Heat rating (kW) kW


Steam pressure bar g
hfg kJ/kg

Results
Steam flow (m) kg/h
lb/h
Btu/h

MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Errors for steam meters without density compensation

Data input
Actual system pressure bar g
Meter calibrated pressure bar g
Indicated flow kg/h

ORIFICE Actual flow kg/h


METERS

VORTEX Actual flow kg/h


METERS

MAIN MENU

Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2027


Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2028
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2029


Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2030
Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2031
Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2032
Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2033
Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2034
Steamcalc 6.xls Page 2035
Errors in steam meters due to dryness fraction

Data input
System pressure bar g
Heat flow kW
Meter calibrated at dryness fraction
Actual system dryness fraction

ORIFICE Indicated flow kg/h


METERS Actual flow kg/h

VORTEX Indicated flow kg/h


METERS Actual flow kg/h

MAIN MENU
q2 26460736 (kg/h)2
Va 0.806 spec vol
Pa 1.2 gauge
2.21 absolute
denom 0.096

numerator 53318383

n/d 555399823
(n/d) 1/5
56.0946119
Adiabatic (Isentropic) expansion of saturated steam through a nozzle

Data Input Comment


Upstream pressure bar g
Upstream dryness fraction
Downstream pressure bar g
Required steam flow kg/h
Inlet velocity m/s
Nozzle efficiency %

Required nozzle diameter


Throat velocity
Dryness fraction

Main Menu

Other details

Mollier diagram
Required nozzle diameter mm
Throat velocity m/s
Dryness fraction
#VALUE!

#VALUE!

0.00
0.0
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
44.6458 cuft/lb

#VALUE!

I1 - I 2
#VALUE! Btu/lb

lb/s 0 0 kg/s
ft/sec IN 0 #VALUE! m
% d2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
ft/sec OUT d #VALUE!
sq.ft. #VALUE! #VALUE! m2
ins #VALUE! m2
2gJ 1999.45116 #VALUE! m
V12 0 #VALUE! #VALUE!
81.64672 V22 #VALUE! #VALUE!
Crit vel V2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
Nozzle details

Dry Wet Specific Enthalpy


bar g fraction fraction Volume hf hfg hg Actual
Upstream 0.0 1 ### ###
Downstream at CPD ### ### 2.787 357 2295 2652 ###
Downstream at P2 ### ### ###

Go back
Entropy Deficit CPD
sf sfg sg Actual H S enthalpy loss (h)
### - - sqrt h
1.1387 6.3996 7.5383 ### #VALUE! #VALUE! outlet area
### #VALUE! #VALUE!
CPD P2
#VALUE! enthalpy loss (h) #VALUE!
#VALUE! sqrt h #VALUE!
#VALUE! mm2 outlet area #VALUE! mm2
#VALUE! m2
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g -0.42546 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a 0.58754 85.4 357.5 2294.9 2652.5 1.1387 6.3996 7.5383 0.0010 2.7871

Superheat
Enter steam temp degC

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
GO BACK

Enthalpy-Entropy Diagram for Water and Steam Based on

Constant dryness lines - top line is the saturation line


Constant pressure lines
4000
Enthalpy [kJ/kg]

3500

3000

The
The isentropic
isentropic process
process through
through a nozzle.
nozzle. The
The
pressure
pressure drops from 50 bar a saturated to
drops from 50 bar a saturated to 10
10 bar
bar a,
a,
the
the enthalpy
enthalpy drops
drops from
from about
about 2800
2800 kJ/kg
kJ/kg KK to
to
about
about 2500
2500 kJ/kG
kJ/kG K,
K, but
but the
the entropy
entropy remains
remains
constant
constant and
and the
the steam
steam gets
gets wetter.
wetter.

2500

2000
4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5
Entropy [k
r and Steam Based on the IAPWS-IF97 Formulation for Industrial Use

ation line

In
In aa control
control valve,
valve, the
the flow
flow through
through the the orifice
orifice is
is also
also
isentropic,
isentropic, the
the drop
drop in
in enthalpy
enthalpy is the same as in the
nozzle,
nozzle, butbut as
as the
the velocity
velocity slows
slows down
down as as the
the steam
steam is is
contained
contained by by the
the downstream
downstream pipe, pipe, enthalpy
enthalpy is is
regained
regained at at constant
constant pressure
pressure to to its
its original
original value
value as as
depicted
depicted by by the
the dotted
dotted green
green line.
line. The
The overall
overall result,
result,
seen
seen by by the
the solid
solid green
green line,
line, is
is an isenthalpic process
(constant
(constant enthalpy).
enthalpy). This
This example
example shows shows that thethe final
final
condition
condition is is above
above the
the saturation
saturation line line at
at 10
10 bar
bar a,
a, and
and
so
so the
the steam
steam is is superheated.
superheated.

6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9


Entropy [kJ/kg.K]
9
Nominal surface areas of steel pipes per meter length

Nominal bore (mm) 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100


Surface area (m2/m) 0.067 0.085 0.106 0.134 0.152 0.189 0.239 0.279 0.358

MAIN MENU
125 150 200 250 300
0.444 0.529 0.688 0.858 1.017
Calculate size and length of steam coil for a required heating area

Enter data Comment

Required steam coil area m2


Steam pressure in heating pipe bar g
Required steam flowrate kg/h
Required steam velocity m/s
Minimum pipe size mm
Pipe length metres steam manifold
Steam pressure at pipe outlet bar g

Required no.of heating pipes


Allowable heating pipe length m per pipe heating pipes
Length of steam manifold metres
condensate
Steam manifold diameter mm manifold
Size of heating pipes mm
Velocity in each heating pipe m/s

MAIN MENU

OIL TANKS

WATER TANKS

VOLIUMES & AREAS


condensate
manifold
The drying or superheating effect of reducing steam pressure

Data input
Upstream pressure bar g P1 sat. temperature C
o

Upstream dryness fraction P1 actual temperature C


o

Degree of superheat (if any) C


o P1 specific volume m3/kg
Downstream pressure bar g

Results
Downstream dryness fraction
Downstream temperature C
o

Downstream specific volume m3/kg

MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
Calculate Safety Valve discharge pipe size

Comment 1
Comment 2 Data input

Set Pressure of safety valve bar g


Discharge capacity required at set pressure kg/h
Equivalent length of pipe m
Allowable percentage pressure drop along pipe % of set pressure

Result
Minimum nominal bore DN
Steam velocity m/s

SV

MAIN MENU

Inlet Pipes

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a 1.013 100.0 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.3059 6.0477
1.013 99.97
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
7.3537 0.0010 1.6710
Calculate Safety Valve inlet pipe size

Comment 1
Comment 2 Data input

Set Pressure of safety valve 0 bar g


Discharge capacity required at set pressure 0 kg/h
Equivalent length of pipe m
Allowable percentage pressure drop along pipe % of set pressure

Result
Minimum nominal bore DN
Steam velocity m/s

SV

MAIN MENU

Discharge Pipes

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a 1.013 100.0 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.3059 6.0477
1.013 99.97
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
7.3537 0.0010 1.6710
Calculate steam leaks through holes

Comment
Method 1 Enter data
Length of visible steam plume 2 m
Result
101 kg/h of steam loss
Cost of steam /tonne
Hours a year
Annual cost of this leak

Method 2 Enter data


Diameter of hole 50 mm
Steam pressure 0.5 bar g
Result
1013.7 kg/h of steam loss
Cost of steam /tonne
Hours a year
Annual cost of this leak

MAIN MENU

STEAM LEAKS through steam traps


Calculate steam leaks through steam traps

Enter data Comment


Diameter of trap orifice 3.0 mm
Steam pressure 3.5 bar g
Condensate pressure 0.0 bar g
Cost of steam /tonne
Annual hours of use

Condensate to grade Result # Traps are discharging to grade


Fail open 8.4 kg/h of steam loss Annual cost of this leak
Rapid cycle 4.2 kg/h of steam loss Annual cost of this leak

Condensate being returned Result


Fail open kg/h of steam loss Annual cost of this leak
Rapid cycle kg/h of steam loss Annual cost of this leak

MAIN MENU

STEAM LEAKS through holes


Steam pipe running cost
Comment

Data input
Effective length of unlagged pipe m
Size of pipe mm
Steam pressure bar
Ambient temperature C
Heat loss W/m for unlagged pipe
Rate of condensation kg/h for unlagged pipe
Cost of steam per tonne
Pipe used for hours a day
Pipe used for days a week
Pipe used for weeks a year

Results
Cost of heat loss (nominal) per year for unlagged pip
Cost of heat loss (nominal) per year for pipe with 50
Cost of heat loss (nominal) per year for pipe with 75
Cost of heat loss (nominal) per year for pipe with 100

MAIN MENU

RUNNING LOAD

WARM-UP LOAD
Calculate pipe size on pressure drop

Data input Comment

Upstream pressure bar g


Downstream pressure bar g
Steam flowrate kg/h
Pipe length ###
metres

Result
Minimum pipe bore ###
mm
Velocity m/s

MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
Calculate pipe size on velocity

Data input Comment

Upstream pressure bar g


Steam flowrate kg/h
Velocity ###
m/s
Pipe length ###
metres

Result
Minimum pipe bore mm
Pressure drop bar

Commercial pipe size mm nb


Actual velocity m/s
Actual pressure drop bar

MAIN MENU
Find Steam flow on velocity

Data input
Comment
Upstream pressure bar g
Velocity ###
m/s
Pipe bore mm

Results
Steam flowrate kg/h
lb/h
Equivalent heat flow kW
Btu/h

Pipe length ###


metres
Pressure drop bar
kPa
psi

MAIN MENU
Find velocity & pressure drop

Data input Comment

Upstream pressure bar g Comment 2


Steam flowrate kg/h
Pipe bore ###
mm
Pipe length ###
metres

Result
Pressure drop bar
Velocity m/s

MAIN MENU

363844057.xls
Superheated steam pipes

Comment

Data input
Steam pressure bar g
Steam temperature degC
Steam flowrate kg/h
Pipe bore ###
mm
Pipe length ###
metres

Results
Pressure drop bar
Velocity m/s

MAIN MENU
Calculate steam pipe running load Comment

Data Input m (kg/h) = Qr x L x 3.6 x f


hfg
Nominal Pipe size mm
Steam pressure bar g
Ambient temperature o
C
Equivalent length of pipe (L) m Wind speed correction factors used
Wind speed correction factor Air velocity m/s x factor
1.0 1.3
Unlagged pipe radiation loss (Qr) W/m 1.5 1.5
Steam temperature C
o
2.0 1.7
hfg kJ/kg 2.5 1.8
3.0 2.0
4.0 2.3
Results 6.0 2.9
Running load unlagged kg/h 8.0 3.5
Running load 50 mm insulation kg/h 10.0 4.0 Other factors
Running load 100 mm insulation kg/h
Running load 150 mm insulation kg/h

MAIN MENU

WARM-UP LOAD

RUNNING COST

363844057.xls
###

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

363844057.xls
Calculate steam pipe warm-up load

m (kg/h) = W x Cp x (Ts - Ta) x 60


hfg x heat-up time Liquid spec vol ft
Vapou spev vol ft
Data Input

Weight of pipe (W) kg Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb


Steam pressure bar g latent enthalpy Btu/lb
Ambient temperature (Ta) o
C total enthalpy Btu/lb
Heat-up time minutes Liquid entropy Btu/b R
Specific heat of steel (Cp) kJ/kgoC Latententropy Btu/b R
Steam temperature (Ts) o
C Total entropy Btu/b R
hfg kJ/kg Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb
Results
Steam used kg
Mean steam load (m) kg/h
kW
lb/h Liquid spec vol ft
Btu/h Vapou spev vol ft

Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb


MAIN MENU latent enthalpy Btu/lb
total enthalpy Btu/lb
RUNNING LOAD Liquid entropy Btu/lb R
Latententropy Btu/b R
RUNNING COST Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
1.0 Mean heating load Calculate loads and coil size for an oil tank
Data Input
Volume of oil Litres
Specific gravity of oil
Specific heat of oil kJ/kg oC
Initial temperature o
C
Holding temperature o
C
Heat-up time (t) hours
Results
Mean heating load kW (A)
Btu/h
2.0 Mean heat losses from the tank
Total surface area of tank above ground m2 Comment
Ambient temperature o
C
U value of tank to air W/m2oC PRESS
Heat losses from tank kW (B)
Btu/h
3.0 Mean heat-up load
(A) + (B) kW
Btu/h
4.0 Coil surface area
Steam pressure specified in coil bar g
U value of coil to liquid W/m2oC PRESS
Coil surface area m2
ft2
5.0 Starting capacity
kg/h of steam
kW
6.0 Running load
kg/h of steam MAIN MENU
kW
7.0 Outflow heater VOLUMES & AREAS
Holding temperature o
C
Outflow temperature o
C COIL SIZING
Oil pumping rate litres/min
Heating load kW
363844057.xls
Steam load kg/h

363844057.xls
1.0 Mean heating load Calculate loads and coil size for a water tank
Data Input
Specific gravity of water 1
Specific heat of water 4.19 kJ/kg oC
Maximum volume of water Litres
Initial temperature o
C
Final temperature o
C
Heat-up time (t) hours
Results
Mean heating load kW (A)
Btu/h
2.0 Mean heat losses from the tank Comment
Ambient temperature C
o

Surface area of tank sides m2


U value of tank sides W/m2oC PRESS
Surface area of tank top m2
U value of covered tank top W/m2oC PRESS
Heat loss from an open tank top W/m2
U value of tank base W/m2oC PRESS
Surface area of tank base m2
Mean heat losses from tank kW (B)
Btu/h
3.0 Mean heat load
(A) + (B) kW
Btu/h
4.0 Coil surface area
Steam pressure specified in coil bar g PRESS
U value of coil to liquid W/m2oC
Total coil surface area required m2
ft2
5.0 Starting capacity
of coil kW MAIN MENU
kg/h of steam
lb/h of steam VOLUMES & AREAS
6.0 Running load
kW COIL SIZING
kg/h of steam

363844057.xls
lb/h of steam SPARGE PIPE SIZING

363844057.xls
Water tank heating by steam injection - calculate the steam load

Enter data
Heat transfer rate required kW
Steam pressure onto control valve bar g
Height of water above injector(s) m
Max water temperature degC
Diameter of holes mm

Results
Differential pressure across sparge pipe bar g
Steam flowrate kg/h
Minimum sparge pipe bore mm
Number of holes required

MAIN MENU

WATER TANKS
Volumes & Areas This module written by Graham Smith - SxS Australia
Tank, rectangular
L length.. m
W width...... m
H height.. m
depth liquid depth..... m
VOLUME & WEIGHT:
volume, total m3
litres H liquid depth
volume, liquid only m3
litres m m W
SG of liquid .. m
mass of liquid kg L
AREAS: m
area of sides, front & back, 2@ m2 ea
area of sides, left & right, 2@ m2 ea
area of top & bottom, 2@ m2 ea (this is also the area of the surface of the liquid)
total area of the 4 vertical sides m2
total area of top + bottom m2
total surface area m2 MAIN MENU

Cylinder, flat ends, vertical or horizontal OIL TANKS


L length or height m
D diameter . m height WATER TANKS
volumes full m3 D
full litres m COIL SIZING
circumference m m
area of top & bottom, 2@ m2
area of cylindrical surface m2
exposed surface area above ground m2

Horizontal cylinder only


liquid depth. m
free space m L
liquid depth as a % of D %
liquid volume m3
free space
liquid volume Litres
liquid volume as a % of total
cylindrical volume % D
liquid depth
Surface area of water m2

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Calculate steam flow through a valve

m = 12 x Kv x P1 1 - 5.67(0.42 - x)2
Liquid spec vol ft
Vapou spev vol ft
Data Input

Kv = Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb


Upstream pressure (P1) bar g latent enthalpy Btu/lb
Downstream pressure (P2) bar g total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/b R
Results Latententropy Btu/b R
Mass flowrate (m) kg/h Total entropy Btu/b R
lb/h Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

Liquid spec vol ft


Vapou spev vol ft

MAIN MENU
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
Calculate Kv latent enthalpy Btu/lb
total enthalpy Btu/lb
Pressure drop Liquid entropy Btu/lb R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Calculate Kv for a steam valve

Kv = m
12 x P1 x (1 - 5.67[0.42-x]2)1/2

Data Input

Mass flowrate (m) kg/h


Upstream pressure (P1) bar g
Downstream pressure (P2) bar g

Result
Kv =
Cv =

MAIN MENU

Calculate flow

Pressure drop

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Calculate pressure drop through a valve

x = 0.42 - 1 - (m / 12KvP1)2
5.67

Data Input

Kv =
Upstream pressure (P1) = bar g
Flowrate (m) = kg/h

Results
Actual downstream pressure bar g
Actual pressure drop bar
Actual pressure drop kPa
Actual pressure drop Psi

Downstream critical pressure bar g

MAIN MENU

Calculate Kv

Calculate flow
Calculate the Upstream pressure before a control valve

Data input

Required downstream pressure P2 bar g


Mass flowrate kg/h
Kv

Upstream pressure P1 bar g


Pressure drop

MAIN MENU
x = 0.42 - 1 - (m / 12KvP1)2
5.67

Data Input

Kv = 0.0
Upstream pressure (P1) = #DIV/0! bar g
Flowrate (m) = 0 kg/h
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Results
Actual downstream pressure #DIV/0! bar g
Actual pressure drop #DIV/0! bar #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Actual pressure drop #DIV/0! kPa
Actual pressure drop #DIV/0! Psi #DIV/0!

Downstream critical pressure #DIV/0! bar g #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0!

#DIV/0!
Calculate water valve Kv Convert . . .
from . . . l/min m w.g. kPa
Kv = V x 1 to . . . 0.00 m3/h 0.00 bar 0.00 bar
DP

Data Input

Volume flowrate (V) m3/h


Upstream pressure (P1) bar g
Downstream pressure (P2) bar g
Differential pressure (DP) bar

Results
Kv
Cv

Calculate water flowrate through a valve

V= Kv x DP
Data Input
Valve Kv
Upstream pressure (P1) bar g
Downstream pressure (P2) bar g
Differential pressure (DP) bar

Results
Volume flowrate m3/h
l/s

MAIN MENU

CALC DP

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
363844057.xls
root=

1.00 abs
1.00 abs

363844057.xls
1/DP #VALUE!
root= #VALUE!

rtDP = #VALUE!

363844057.xls
Calculate water valve pressure drop

Convert . . .
from . . . l/min m w.g. kPa
DP = (V / Kv)2 to . . . 0.00 m3/h 0.00 bar 0.00 bar

Data Input

Volume flowrate (V) m3/h


Upstream pressure (P1) bar g
Kv

Results
Pressure drop bar
psi

MAIN MENU

CALC flow

CALC Kv

363844057.xls
root=

1.00 abs
1.00 abs

363844057.xls
1/DP #DIV/0!
root= #DIV/0!

363844057.xls
Water flow through an orifice Comment

Data input
Water Temperature degC
Upstream pressure bar g
Downstream pressure bar g
Orifice diameter mm
Pipe bore mm
Cd

Results
kg/h
m3/h
L/min
L/s
Kv m3/h.bar

Other
b ratio
SG of water

MAIN MENU
water density

1050

1000 f(x) = - 0.0021344931x^2 - 0.259912668x + 1005.5987867054


kg/m^3

950
Density
Polynomial
(Density)
900

850

800
0 50 100 150 200 250
T degC
T 0
kg/m3 1005.6
sp.vol 0.000994 m3/kg

C kg/m**3 N s/m**2
5 1004.85 0.001491
15 1001.47 0.00113
25 997.742 0.000889
35 993.672 0.00072
45 989.25 0.000597
87867054 55 984.466 0.000505
65 979.312 0.000435
75 973.779 0.00038
85 967.856 0.000336
Density 95 961.533 0.000301
Polynomial
105 954.799 0.000271
(Density)
115 947.639 0.000247
125 940.041 0.000226
135 931.988 0.000208
145 923.463 0.000193
155 914.448 0.000179
165 904.92 0.000168
175 894.855 0.000157
185 884.226 0.000148
195 872.999 0.00014
Calculate superheated steam flow through a valve

Data Input

Kv
Steam pressure (P1) bar g
Upstream temperature (T1) degC
Steam pressure (P2) bar g

Results
Mass flowrate (m) kg/h
lb/h

MAIN MENU
#VALUE!
NOT FOR USE
boiler pressure
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN F
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIG

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg

bar g 0.0 o
C hf hfg hg

bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7


TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg

1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710


Property A B C
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -0.000000528 2.99461E-05 0.0001521874
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.717614 9.8299035
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.176959
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15115567 3.671404 11.622558
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676153 -1.3049844 -8.2137368
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.4014802
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.000167772 0.004272688 0.01048048
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.454439E-05 -0.00275287 -0.00733044
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.0001476933 0.0012617946 0.00344201
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.1549439 3.662121 11.632628
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0993951 1.93961 2.428354

Pressure psia x 14.692552 root x


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb=
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb=
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb=
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb=
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb=
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb=
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R =
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R =
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R =
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb =
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb =

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
D E F G
31.1311 8.762969E-05 -2.78794E-08 86.594
6.62512E-05 8.408856E-10 1.86401E-14 0.01596

-16.455274 0.0009474745 -1.363366E-06 19.53953


0.826862 -4.601876E-07 6.3181E-11 -2.3928
30.832667 8.74117E-05 -2.62306E-08 54.55
-16.37649 -0.000043043 9.763E-09 1045.81
14.438078 4.222624E-05 -1.569916E-08 1100.5
0.05801509 0.000000091 -2.7592E-11 0.11801
-0.14263733 -3.49366E-08 7.433711E-12 1.85565
-0.08494128 6.89138E-08 -2.4941E-11 1.97364
30.82137 8.76248E-05 -2.646533E-08 54.56
10.9818864 0.000027372 -1.057475E-08 1040.03

3.8330864848 x2 215.8710842727 x3 3171.6971309731 ln x

0.0004733427 m3/kg= 0.0010435429 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
0.7579741616 m3/kg= 1.6710483466 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
0.858958177 m3/kg= 1.893680173
189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
0.3290906505 kJ/kg R = 0.7255212845 kJ/kg C = 1.305938312
1.5239995637 kJ/kg R = 3.3598466545 kJ/kg C = 6.047723978
1.8531054417 kJ/kg R = 4.08540151 kJ/kg C = 7.3537227181
189.8661890835 kJ/kg = 418.6
1136.7917044305 kJ/kg = 2506.2
2.6873406987
NOT FOR USE
boiler pressure
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN F
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIG

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg

bar g 0.0 o
C hf hfg hg

bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7


TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg

1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710


Property A B C
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -0.000000528 2.99461E-05 0.0001521874
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.717614 9.8299035
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.176959
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15115567 3.671404 11.622558
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676153 -1.3049844 -8.2137368
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.4014802
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.000167772 0.004272688 0.01048048
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.454439E-05 -0.00275287 -0.00733044
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.0001476933 0.0012617946 0.00344201
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.1549439 3.662121 11.632628
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0993951 1.93961 2.428354

Pressure psia x 14.692552 root x


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb=
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb=
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb=
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb=
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb=
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb=
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R =
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R =
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R =
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb =
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb =

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
D E F G
31.1311 8.762969E-05 -2.78794E-08 86.594
6.62512E-05 8.408856E-10 1.86401E-14 0.01596

-16.455274 0.0009474745 -1.363366E-06 19.53953


0.826862 -4.601876E-07 6.3181E-11 -2.3928
30.832667 8.74117E-05 -2.62306E-08 54.55
-16.37649 -0.000043043 9.763E-09 1045.81
14.438078 4.222624E-05 -1.569916E-08 1100.5
0.05801509 0.000000091 -2.7592E-11 0.11801
-0.14263733 -3.49366E-08 7.433711E-12 1.85565
-0.08494128 6.89138E-08 -2.4941E-11 1.97364
30.82137 8.76248E-05 -2.646533E-08 54.56
10.9818864 0.000027372 -1.057475E-08 1040.03

3.8330864848 x2 215.8710842727 x3 3171.6971309731 ln x

0.0004733427 m3/kg= 0.0010435429 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
0.7579741616 m3/kg= 1.6710483466 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
0.858958177 m3/kg= 1.893680173
189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
0.3290906505 kJ/kg R = 0.7255212845 kJ/kg C = 1.305938312
1.5239995637 kJ/kg R = 3.3598466545 kJ/kg C = 6.047723978
1.8531054417 kJ/kg R = 4.08540151 kJ/kg C = 7.3537227181
189.8661890835 kJ/kg = 418.6
1136.7917044305 kJ/kg = 2506.2
2.6873406987
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
NOT FOR USE
Calculate Kv for the steam valve
m
12 x P1 1 - 5.67(0.42 - x)2

Data Input

kg/h
0.0 bar g
0.0 bar g

Result

bar g bar g

Vapour in
% pressure drop

* Enter P2 also
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.18 3.84 11.48 31.13 0.00 0.00 86.59
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.49 304.72 9.83 -16.46 0.00 0.00 19.54
200-1500 psia 0.00 457.58 -0.18 0.83 0.00 0.00 -2.39
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15 3.67 11.62 30.83 0.00 0.00 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.01 -1.30 -8.21 -16.38 0.00 0.00 1,045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14 2.26 3.40 14.44 0.00 0.00 1,100.50
Liquid entropy Btu/b R 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.12
Latententropy Btu/b R 0.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.14 0.00 0.00 1.86
Total entropy Btu/b R 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.08 0.00 0.00 1.97
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15 3.66 11.63 30.82 0.00 0.00 54.56

Vapour internal energy


### 1.94
Btu/lb
2.43 ### 0.00 0.00 ###

Pressure ps x 14.69 root x 3.83 x2 215.87 x3 3,171.70


temp F 211.95
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.02 m3/lb= 0.00 m3/kg= 0.00 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb * Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 26.77 m3/lb= 0.76 m3/kg= 1.67 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30.33 m3/lb= 0.86 m3/kg= 1.89
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180.01 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.67
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970.35 kJ/lb= kJ/kg= 2,256.91
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1,150.43 kJ/lb= 1,213.70 kJ/kg= 2,675.75
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.31 kJ/lb R = 0.33 kJ/kg R = 0.73 kJ/kg C = 1.31
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.44 kJ/lb R = 1.52 kJ/kg R = 3.36 kJ/kg C = 6.05
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.76 kJ/lb R = 1.85 kJ/kg R = 4.09 kJ/kg C = 7.35
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 179.97 kJ/lb = 189.87 kJ/kg = 418.58
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1,077.53 kJ/lb = 1,136.79 kJ/kg = 2,506.20

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.67
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.58
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2,506.20
ln x 2.69

0.45
1.06
0.03
1.00 abs
1.00 abs

brackets 0.42 0.00


( )2 0.18
x 5.67 1.00
1- 0.00
sq. root #VALUE!
x P1X12 #VALUE! denom
1.00
0.00 Pressure drop is more than CPD
0.00
1.00
temp C 99.97
bar a 1.01
0.00 1,023.72
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN F
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIG

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg

bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg

bar a ### ### ### ### ###


TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg

### ### ### ### ###


Property A B C
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -0.000000528 2.99461E-05 0.0001521874
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.717614 9.8299035
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.176959
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15115567 3.671404 11.622558
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676153 -1.3049844 -8.2137368
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.4014802
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.000167772 0.004272688 0.01048048
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.454439E-05 -0.00275287 -0.00733044
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.0001476933 0.0012617946 0.00344201
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.1549439 3.662121 11.632628
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0993951 1.93961 2.428354

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb=
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb=
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb=
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb=
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb=
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb=
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R =
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R =
Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R =
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb =
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb =

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
D E F G
31.1311 8.762969E-05 -2.78794E-08 86.594
6.62512E-05 8.408856E-10 1.86401E-14 0.01596

-16.455274 0.0009474745 -1.363366E-06 19.53953


0.826862 -4.601876E-07 6.3181E-11 -2.3928
30.832667 8.74117E-05 -2.62306E-08 54.55
-16.37649 -0.000043043 9.763E-09 1045.81
14.438078 4.222624E-05 -1.569916E-08 1100.5
0.05801509 0.000000091 -2.7592E-11 0.11801
-0.14263733 -3.49366E-08 7.433711E-12 1.85565
-0.08494128 6.89138E-08 -2.4941E-11 1.97364
30.82137 8.76248E-05 -2.646533E-08 54.56
10.9818864 0.000027372 -1.057475E-08 1040.03

#VALUE! x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE! ln x

#VALUE! m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
#VALUE! m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
#VALUE! m3/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg = #VALUE!
#VALUE!
NOT FOR USE
bar g

bar a
Pressure

0.000

1.013
Temp
o
C

99.97
hf

418.7
ENTHALPY kJ/kg
hfg

2256.9
hg

2675.7
TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

sf

1.306
ENTROPY kJ/kg K
sfg

6.048
sg

7.354
vf

0.0010
SPEC VOL m3/kg

vg

1.6710
Property

Pressure psia
A
-0.17724
-0.000000528

-0.48799
0.002662
-0.15115567
0.008676153
-0.14129
-0.000167772
3.454439E-05
-0.0001476933
-0.1549439
-0.0993951

x
212
0.0167
*
27
30
180
970
1150
0.3119
1.4445
1.7565
180
1078

*
1.671

418.6
2506.2
B
3.83986
2.99461E-05

304.717614
457.5802
3.671404
-1.3049844
2.258225
0.004272688
-0.00275287
0.0012617946
3.662121
1.93961
C
11.48345
0.0001521874

9.8299035
-0.176959
11.622558
-8.2137368
3.4014802
0.01048048
-0.00733044
0.00344201
11.632628
2.428354

root x

kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb =
kJ/lb =
D
31.1311
6.62512E-05

-16.455274
0.826862
30.832667
-16.37649
14.438078
0.05801509
-0.14263733
-0.08494128
30.82137
10.9818864

3.8330864848

0.0004733427

0.7579741616
0.858958177
189.91
1023.72
1213.70
0.3290906505
1.5239995637
1.8531054417
189.8661890835
1136.7917044305
E
8.762969E-05
8.408856E-10

0.0009474745
-4.601876E-07
8.74117E-05
-0.000043043
4.222624E-05
0.000000091
-3.49366E-08
6.89138E-08
8.76248E-05
0.000027372

x2

kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg =
kJ/kg =
F
-2.78794E-08
1.86401E-14

-1.363366E-06
6.3181E-11
-2.62306E-08
9.763E-09
-1.569916E-08
-2.7592E-11
7.433711E-12
-2.4941E-11
-2.646533E-08
-1.057475E-08

215.8710842727

0.0010435429

1.6710483466
1.893680173
418.7
2256.9
2675.7
0.7255212845
3.3598466545
4.08540151
418.6
2506.2
G
86.594
0.01596

19.53953
-2.3928
54.55
1045.81
1100.5
0.11801
1.85565
1.97364
54.56
1040.03

x3

kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
3171.6971309731

lb to kg =

ft3 to m3 =
ln x

0.453592
1.055
2.6873406987
Not for use
cond press
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FR
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -0.000000528 2.99461E-05 0.0001521874
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.717614 9.8299035
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.176959
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15115567 3.671404 11.622558
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676153 -1.3049844 -8.2137368
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.4014802
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.000167772 0.004272688 0.01048048
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.454439E-05 -0.00275287 -0.00733044

Total entropy Btu/b R -0.0001476933 0.0012617946 0.00344201


Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.1549439 3.662121 11.632628
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0993951 1.93961 2.428354

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb=
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb=
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb=
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb=
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb=
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb=
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R =
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R =
Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R =
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb =
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb =

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
D E F G
31.1311 8.762969E-05 -2.78794E-08 86.594
6.62512E-05 8.408856E-10 1.86401E-14 0.01596

-16.455274 0.0009474745 -1.363366E-06 19.53953


0.826862 -4.601876E-07 6.3181E-11 -2.3928
30.832667 8.74117E-05 -2.62306E-08 54.55
-16.37649 -0.000043043 9.763E-09 1045.81
14.438078 4.222624E-05 -1.569916E-08 1100.5
0.05801509 0.000000091 -2.7592E-11 0.11801
-0.14263733 -3.49366E-08 7.433711E-12 1.85565

-0.08494128 6.89138E-08 -2.4941E-11 1.97364


30.82137 8.76248E-05 -2.646533E-08 54.56
10.9818864 0.000027372 -1.057475E-08 1040.03

#VALUE! x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE! ln x

#VALUE! m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
#VALUE! m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
#VALUE! m3/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/kg = #VALUE!
#VALUE!
Not for use
cond press
bar g
bar a
Pressure

#VALUE!
Enter gauge pressure

Temp
o
C
#VALUE!
hf
#VALUE!
ENTHALPY kJ/kg
hfg
#VALUE!
hg
#VALUE!
TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

sf
#VALUE!
ENTROPY kJ/kg K
sfg
#VALUE!
sg
#VALUE!
vf
#VALUE!
SPEC VOL m3/kg
vg
#VALUE!
Property

Pressure psia

Liquid entropy Btu/lb R


A
-0.17724
-0.000000528

-0.48799
0.002662
-0.15115567
0.008676153
-0.14129
-0.000167772
3.454439E-05

-0.0001476933
-0.1549439
-0.0993951

x
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
*
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

*
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
B
3.83986
2.99461E-05

304.717614
457.5802
3.671404
-1.3049844
2.258225
0.004272688
-0.00275287

0.0012617946
3.662121
1.93961
C
11.48345
0.0001521874

9.8299035
-0.176959
11.622558
-8.2137368
3.4014802
0.01048048
-0.00733044

0.00344201
11.632628
2.428354

root x

kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb =
kJ/lb =
D
31.1311
6.62512E-05

-16.455274
0.826862
30.832667
-16.37649
14.438078
0.05801509
-0.14263733

-0.08494128
30.82137
10.9818864

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
E
8.762969E-05
8.408856E-10

0.0009474745
-4.601876E-07
8.74117E-05
-0.000043043
4.222624E-05
0.000000091
-3.49366E-08

6.89138E-08
8.76248E-05
0.000027372

x2

kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg =
kJ/kg =
F
-2.78794E-08
1.86401E-14

-1.363366E-06
6.3181E-11
-2.62306E-08
9.763E-09
-1.569916E-08
-2.7592E-11
7.433711E-12

-2.4941E-11
-2.646533E-08
-1.057475E-08

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
G
86.594
0.01596

19.53953
-2.3928
54.55
1045.81
1100.5
0.11801
1.85565

1.97364
54.56
1040.03

x3

kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
#VALUE!

lb to kg =

ft3 to m3 =

#VALUE!
ln x

0.453592
1.055
#VALUE!
Not for use
cond press
bar g
bar a
Pressure

#VALUE!
Enter gauge pressure

Temp
o
C
#VALUE!
hf
#VALUE!
ENTHALPY kJ/kg
hfg
#VALUE!
hg
#VALUE!
TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

sf
#VALUE!
ENTROPY kJ/kg K
sfg
#VALUE!
sg
#VALUE!
vf
#VALUE!
SPEC VOL m3/kg
vg
#VALUE!
Property

Pressure psia

Liquid entropy Btu/lb R


A
-0.17724
-0.000000528

-0.48799
0.002662
-0.15115567
0.008676153
-0.14129
-0.000167772
3.454439E-05

-0.0001476933
-0.1549439
-0.0993951

x
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
*
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

*
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
B
3.83986
2.99461E-05

304.717614
457.5802
3.671404
-1.3049844
2.258225
0.004272688
-0.00275287

0.0012617946
3.662121
1.93961
C
11.48345
0.0001521874

9.8299035
-0.176959
11.622558
-8.2137368
3.4014802
0.01048048
-0.00733044

0.00344201
11.632628
2.428354

root x

kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb =
kJ/lb =
D
31.1311
6.62512E-05

-16.455274
0.826862
30.832667
-16.37649
14.438078
0.05801509
-0.14263733

-0.08494128
30.82137
10.9818864

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
E
8.762969E-05
8.408856E-10

0.0009474745
-4.601876E-07
8.74117E-05
-0.000043043
4.222624E-05
0.000000091
-3.49366E-08

6.89138E-08
8.76248E-05
0.000027372

x2

kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg =
kJ/kg =
F
-2.78794E-08
1.86401E-14

-1.363366E-06
6.3181E-11
-2.62306E-08
9.763E-09
-1.569916E-08
-2.7592E-11
7.433711E-12

-2.4941E-11
-2.646533E-08
-1.057475E-08

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
G
86.594
0.01596

19.53953
-2.3928
54.55
1045.81
1100.5
0.11801
1.85565

1.97364
54.56
1040.03

x3

kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
#VALUE!

lb to kg =

ft3 to m3 =

#VALUE!
ln x

0.453592
1.055
#VALUE!
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

steam pressure on traps

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010
Property A B
temp F -0.17724 3.83986
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498
McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121

SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961


vg
1.6710
Pressure psia x 14.69255
temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
*
1-200 psia 27
200-1500 psia 30
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
C D E F G
11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953


-0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928
11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
-8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
-0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364
11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56

2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713 ln x 2.6873407

m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398
kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

set pressure on SV
Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg

bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010
Property A B
temp F -0.17724 3.83986
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498
McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121
SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961

vg
1.6710
Pressure psia x 14.69255
temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia 27
200-1500 psia 30
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
C D E F G
11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953


-0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928
11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
-8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
-0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364
11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713 ln x 2.6873407

m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft to m =
3 3
0.028317
m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398
kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2
Not for use
bar g
bar a
Enter gauge pressure

Pressure
0
1.013
Enter gauge pressure

Temp
o
C
99.97
hf
418.7
ENTHALPY kJ/kg
hfg
2256.9
hg
2675.7
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

sf
1.306
ENTROPY kJ/kg K
sfg
6.048
sg
7.354
vf
0.0010
SPEC VOL m3/kg
vg
1.6710
Property

Pressure psia

Liquid entropy Btu/lb R


A
-0.17724
-0.000000528

-0.48799
0.002662
-0.15115567
0.008676153
-0.14129
-0.000167772
3.454439E-05
-0.0001476933
-0.1549439
-0.0993951

x
212
0.0167
*
27
30
180
970
1150

0.3119
1.4445
1.7565
180
1078

*
1.671

418.6
2506.2
B
3.83986
2.99461E-05

304.717614
457.5802
3.671404
-1.3049844
2.258225
0.004272688
-0.00275287
0.0012617946
3.662121
1.93961
C
11.48345
0.0001521874

9.8299035
-0.176959
11.622558
-8.2137368
3.4014802
0.01048048
-0.00733044
0.00344201
11.632628
2.428354

root x

kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=

kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb =
kJ/lb =
D
31.1311
6.62512E-05

-16.455274
0.826862
30.832667
-16.37649
14.438078
0.05801509
-0.14263733
-0.08494128
30.82137
10.9818864

3.8330864848

0.0004733427

0.7579741616
0.858958177
189.91
1023.72
1213.70

0.3290906505
1.5239995637
1.8531054417
189.8661890835
1136.7917044305
E
8.762969E-05
8.408856E-10

0.0009474745
-4.601876E-07
8.74117E-05
-0.000043043
4.222624E-05
0.000000091
-3.49366E-08
6.89138E-08
8.76248E-05
0.000027372

x2

kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=

kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg =
kJ/kg =
F
-2.78794E-08
1.86401E-14

-1.363366E-06
6.3181E-11
-2.62306E-08
9.763E-09
-1.569916E-08
-2.7592E-11
7.433711E-12
-2.4941E-11
-2.646533E-08
-1.057475E-08

215.8710842727

0.0010435429

1.6710483466
1.893680173
418.7
2256.9
2675.7

0.7255212845
3.3598466545
4.08540151
418.6
2506.2
G
86.594
0.01596

19.53953
-2.3928
54.55
1045.81
1100.5
0.11801
1.85565
1.97364
54.56
1040.03

x3

kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
3171.6971309731

lb to kg =

ft3 to m3 =

1.305938312
ln x

0.453592
1.055
2.6873406987
NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg

bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf
bar a 1.0 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010
Property A B
temp F -0.17724 3.83986
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498
McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121
SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961

vg
1.6710
Pressure psia x 14.69255
temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia 27
200-1500 psia 30
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
C D E F G
11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953


-0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928
11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
-8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
-0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364
11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713 ln x 2.6873407

m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398
kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K

NOT FOR USE


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a 1.0 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
TAKEN FROM latent enthalpy Btu/lb
G & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)
Liquid entropy Btu/b R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

sg vf vg
7.354 0.0010 1.6710

Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb


latent enthalpy Btu/lb

Liquid entropy Btu/lb R


Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

Vapou spev vol m

Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg

Liquid entropy kJ/kg

Latent entropy kJ/kg


Liquid internal energy kJ/kg
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713 ln x 2.6873407


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg = 0.453592
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb * Btu to kJ = 1.055
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Not for use
Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp
bar g 0 C
o hf
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7
hfg
2256.9
ALPY kJ/kg
hg
2675.7
sf
1.306
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K
sfg
6.048
sg
7.354
vf
0.0010
SPEC VOL m3/kg
vg
1.6710
Property

Pressure psia

Liquid entropy Btu/lb R


A
-0.17724
-0.000000528

-0.48799
0.002662
-0.15115567
0.008676153
-0.14129
-0.000167772
3.454439E-05
-0.0001476933
-0.1549439
-0.0993951

x
212
0.0167
*
27
30
180
970
1150

0.3119
1.4445
1.7565
180
1078

*
1.671

418.6
2506.2
B
3.83986
2.99461E-05

304.717614
457.5802
3.671404
-1.3049844
2.258225
0.004272688
-0.00275287
0.0012617946
3.662121
1.93961
C
11.48345
0.0001521874

9.8299035
-0.176959
11.622558
-8.2137368
3.4014802
0.01048048
-0.00733044
0.00344201
11.632628
2.428354

root x

kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=
kJ/lb=

kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb R =
kJ/lb =
kJ/lb =
D
31.1311
6.62512E-05

-16.455274
0.826862
30.832667
-16.37649
14.438078
0.05801509
-0.14263733
-0.08494128
30.82137
10.9818864

3.8330864848

0.0004733427

0.7579741616
0.858958177
189.91
1023.72
1213.70

0.3290906505
1.5239995637
1.8531054417
189.8661890835
1136.7917044305
E
8.762969E-05
8.408856E-10

0.0009474745
-4.601876E-07
8.74117E-05
-0.000043043
4.222624E-05
0.000000091
-3.49366E-08
6.89138E-08
8.76248E-05
0.000027372

x2

kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=
kJ/kg=

kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg R =
kJ/kg =
kJ/kg =
F
-2.78794E-08
1.86401E-14

-1.363366E-06
6.3181E-11
-2.62306E-08
9.763E-09
-1.569916E-08
-2.7592E-11
7.433711E-12
-2.4941E-11
-2.646533E-08
-1.057475E-08

215.8710842727

0.0010435429

1.6710483466
1.893680173
418.7
2256.9
2675.7

0.7255212845
3.3598466545
4.08540151
418.6
2506.2
G
86.594
0.01596

19.53953
-2.3928
54.55
1045.81
1100.5
0.11801
1.85565
1.97364
54.56
1040.03

x3

kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
kJ/kg C =
3171.6971309731

lb to kg =

ft3 to m3 =

1.305938312
ln x

0.453592
1.055
2.6873406987
Not for use
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FR
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a 1.013 100.0 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -0.000000528 2.99461E-05 0.0001521874
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.717614 9.8299035
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.176959
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15115567 3.671404 11.622558
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676153 -1.3049844 -8.2137368
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.4014802
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.000167772 0.004272688 0.01048048
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.454439E-05 -0.00275287 -0.00733044

Total entropy Btu/b R -0.0001476933 0.0012617946 0.00344201


Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.1549439 3.662121 11.632628
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0993951 1.93961 2.428354

Pressure psia x 14.692552 root x


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb=
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb=
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb=
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb=
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb=
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb=
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R =
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R =
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R =
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb =
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb =

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
D E F G
31.1311 8.762969E-05 -2.78794E-08 86.594
6.62512E-05 8.408856E-10 1.86401E-14 0.01596

-16.455274 0.0009474745 -1.363366E-06 19.53953


0.826862 -4.601876E-07 6.3181E-11 -2.3928
30.832667 8.74117E-05 -2.62306E-08 54.55
-16.37649 -0.000043043 9.763E-09 1045.81
14.438078 4.222624E-05 -1.569916E-08 1100.5
0.05801509 0.000000091 -2.7592E-11 0.11801
-0.14263733 -3.49366E-08 7.433711E-12 1.85565

-0.08494128 6.89138E-08 -2.4941E-11 1.97364


30.82137 8.76248E-05 -2.646533E-08 54.56
10.9818864 0.000027372 -1.057475E-08 1040.03

3.8330864848 x2 215.8710842727 x3 3171.6971309731 ln x

0.0004733427 m3/kg= 0.0010435429 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
0.7579741616 m3/kg= 1.6710483466 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
0.858958177 m3/kg= 1.893680173
189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
0.3290906505 kJ/kg R = 0.7255212845 kJ/kg C = 1.305938312
1.5239995637 kJ/kg R = 3.3598466545 kJ/kg C = 6.047723978
1.8531054417 kJ/kg R = 4.08540151 kJ/kg C = 7.3537227181
189.8661890835 kJ/kg = 418.6
1136.7917044305 kJ/kg = 2506.2
2.6873406987
Not for use
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FR
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a 1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
TED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
CAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -0.000000528 2.99461E-05 0.0001521874
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.717614 9.8299035
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.176959
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15115567 3.671404 11.622558
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676153 -1.3049844 -8.2137368
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.4014802
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.000167772 0.004272688 0.01048048
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.454439E-05 -0.00275287 -0.00733044

Total entropy Btu/b R -0.0001476933 0.0012617946 0.00344201


Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.1549439 3.662121 11.632628
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0993951 1.93961 2.428354

Pressure psia x 14.692552 root x


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb=
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb=
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb=
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb=
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb=
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb=
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R =
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R =
Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R =
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb =
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb =

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
D E F G
31.1311 8.762969E-05 -2.78794E-08 86.594
6.62512E-05 8.408856E-10 1.86401E-14 0.01596

-16.455274 0.0009474745 -1.363366E-06 19.53953


0.826862 -4.601876E-07 6.3181E-11 -2.3928
30.832667 8.74117E-05 -2.62306E-08 54.55
-16.37649 -0.000043043 9.763E-09 1045.81
14.438078 4.222624E-05 -1.569916E-08 1100.5
0.05801509 0.000000091 -2.7592E-11 0.11801
-0.14263733 -3.49366E-08 7.433711E-12 1.85565

-0.08494128 6.89138E-08 -2.4941E-11 1.97364


30.82137 8.76248E-05 -2.646533E-08 54.56
10.9818864 0.000027372 -1.057475E-08 1040.03

3.8330864848 x2 215.8710842727 x3 3171.6971309731 ln x

0.0004733427 m3/kg= 0.0010435429 lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
0.7579741616 m3/kg= 1.6710483466 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
0.858958177 m3/kg= 1.893680173
189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
0.3290906505 kJ/kg R = 0.7255212845 kJ/kg C = 1.305938312
1.5239995637 kJ/kg R = 3.3598466545 kJ/kg C = 6.047723978
1.8531054417 kJ/kg R = 4.08540151 kJ/kg C = 7.3537227181
189.8661890835 kJ/kg = 418.6
1136.7917044305 kJ/kg = 2506.2
2.6873406987
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Calibrated
Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K
bar g 0 o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7 1.306 6.048
Property
temp F
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia

200-1500 psia
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
KEN FROM latent enthalpy Btu/lb
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/b R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb


ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb
sg vf vg

Pressure psia
temp F
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia
200-1500 psia
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
latent enthalpy Btu/lb
total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg
1-14 bar a
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg

7.354 0.0010 1.6710


A B C D E F G
-0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
-5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

-0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


-0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
-0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
-0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
-0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

-0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56


-0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713 ln x 2.6873407


212
0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg = 0.453592
* Btu to kJ = 1.055
27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398
1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

*
1.671
418.6
2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
78.70 0.45
81.33 0.50
83.72 0.55
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
89.95 0.70
91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85
96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Calibrated
Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K
bar g o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property
temp F
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia

200-1500 psia
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
KEN FROM latent enthalpy Btu/lb
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/b R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb


ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb
sg vf vg

Pressure psia
temp F
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia
200-1500 psia
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
latent enthalpy Btu/lb
total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg
1-14 bar a
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


A B C D E F G
-0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
-5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

-0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


-0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
-0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
-0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
-0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

-0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56


-0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE! ln x #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg = 0.453592
* Btu to kJ = 1.055
#VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
#VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

*
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
78.70 0.45
81.33 0.50
83.72 0.55
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
89.95 0.70
91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85
96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Calibrated
Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K
bar g o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property
temp F
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia

200-1500 psia
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
KEN FROM latent enthalpy Btu/lb
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/b R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb


ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb
sg vf vg

Pressure psia
temp F
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia
200-1500 psia
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb
latent enthalpy Btu/lb
total enthalpy Btu/lb
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R
Latententropy Btu/b R
Total entropy Btu/b R
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg
1-14 bar a
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


A B C D E F G
-0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
-5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

-0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


-0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
-0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
-0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
-0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

-0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56


-0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE! ln x #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg = 0.453592
* Btu to kJ = 1.055
#VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
#VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
#VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

*
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
78.70 0.45
81.33 0.50
83.72 0.55
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
89.95 0.70
91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85
96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
LMTD
a 100 90 80
#VALUE! 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
b 100
#VALUE!
a-b #VALUE!
a/b #VALUE! = TDC
Ln a/b 90
#VALUE!

Varying flow80
example
% load Ts Ps (bar g) hfg a-b/ LMTD ex LMTD
100 5.000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
90 #VALUE! #VALUE!
70 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
80 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
70 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
60 60
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Steam#VALUE!
temp
40 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
50 sec temp line
30 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Stall Line
#VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
40
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

30

20

10

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10
U 7450 W/m2oC secondary
max load Design A 2.60 m2 max load
Actual A 2.6 m2 m 1 kg/s 6.000
steam P 5 bar g % oversized 0.0 % Cp 4.186 kJ/kg
steam T deg C T1 30 degC
hfg kJ/kg T2 90 degC
5.000
cond P 1.2 bar g Q 251.2 kW

% load ms (kg/s) kg/h % load sec flow kW sec line 60 cond p


4.000
100 #VALUE! ### 100 1 251.2 30 1 1.2
90 #VALUE! ### 90 0.9 226.0 36 0.9 1.2
80 #VALUE! ### 80 0.8 200.9 42 0.8 1.2 Colu
70 #VALUE! ### 70 0.7 175.8 48 0.7 1.2 3.000 mn
60 #VALUE! ### 60 0.6 150.7 54 0.6 1.2 C
am temp 50 #VALUE! ### 50 0.5 125.6 60 0.5 1.2
40 #VALUE! ### 40 0.4 100.5 66 0.4 1.2
temp line 2.000
30 #VALUE! ### 30 0.3 75.3 72 0.3 1.2
l Line 20 #VALUE! ### 20 0.2 50.2 78 0.2 1.2
10 #VALUE! ### 10 0.1 25.1 84 0.1 1.2
1 #VALUE! ### 1 0.01 2.5 90 0.01 1.2 1.000
5.500

0.000
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
4.500

3.500

Ps (bar g)
2.500 ms (kg/s)
sec flow

1.500

0.500

40 30 20 10 0
-0.500
6.000

5.000

4.000

Colu
3.000 mn
C

2.000

1.000

0.000
0 0
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g o
C hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g at min load
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
100.0
x y
100 #VALUE! SUMMARY OUTPUT
90 #VALUE!
80 #VALUE! Regression Statistics
70 #VALUE! Multiple R 0.9067484706
60 #VALUE! R Square 0.822192789
50 #VALUE! Adjusted R Squ 0.8024364322
40 #VALUE! Standard Error 9.157813183
30 #VALUE! Observations 11
20 #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! ANOVA
0 #VALUE! df SS MS
Regression 1 3490.20038951 3490.2003895
Residual 9 754.78988065 83.865542294
Total 10 4244.99027016

Coefficients Standard Error t Stat


Intercept 79.640667078 5.1657033142 15.417197279
X Variable 1 0.5632858462 0.0873163227 6.4510944667

b= 79.641
a= 0.563
Tstall = y
x= (y - b)
a
x= #VALUE! %
F Significance F
41.616619818 0.0001179906

P-value Lower 95% Upper 95% Lower 95.0% Upper 95.0%


8.887402E-08 67.9550254194 91.326308738 15.24676194 18.49113334
0.0001179906 0.3657624508 0.7608092415 1.386661358 1.4415012443
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Superheat
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!

Enter on saturation Temp #VALUE! deg C


Pressure #VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
#VALUE! 89.95 0.70
#VALUE! 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg #VALUE!

#VALUE! bar a #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE!
#VALUE!
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
Calculate pressure drop and velocity

Data input Comment

inlet coil pressure 0 bar g


Steam flowrate 0 kg/h
Pipe bore ###
mm
Pipe length ###
metres

Result
Pressure drop bar
Velocity m/s

outlet coil pressure #VALUE! bar absolute


mean press #VALUE!

MAIN MENU

MINIMUM PIPE SIZE

CALCULATE FLOWRATE
0
0
0
0
0
see note Note: Pressure drop is excessive

see note ###

###

### P/m
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x #VALUE! root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE!


temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia #VALUE! m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!

Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE! kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE! kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x #VALUE! 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
If you have no data on expected wind speeds, use the following recommended values

Sheltered situations: 1 m/s


Normal situations: 3 m/s
Exposed situations: 10 m/s

Wind speed correction factors


Air velocity m/s High emissivity Medium emissivity
1.0 1.3 1.4
1.5 1.5 1.6
2.0 1.7 1.8
2.5 1.8 2.0
3.0 2.0 2.2
4.0 2.3 2.6
6.0 2.9 3.4
8.0 3.5 4.1
10.0 4.0 4.8

Factors published in DOE Fuel Efficiency Booklet : The economic thickness of insulation

MAIN MENU

PIPE RUNNING LOAD


n factors
Low emissivity
1.6
1.9
2.2
2.4
2.7
3.3
4.4
5.4
6.3

he economic thickness of insulation for hot pipes


SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
GO BACK
Calculate steam flow through sparge pipes

Enter data
Diameter of sparge hole 0.0 mm
Differential pressure across sparge pipe -0.4 bar g
Height of water above sparge pipe 0.0 metres

Result
Differential pressure bar
Steam flow per hole kg/h

USED TO CALCULATE STEAM FLOW FOR TANKS


SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat
0

Enter on saturation Temp 180 deg C


Approximate pressure 8.9 bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat
0

Enter on saturation Temp 180 deg C


Approximate pressure 8.9 bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
GO BACK
GO BACK
GO BACK
GO BACK
GO BACK
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

GO BACK
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0.00 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

GO BACK
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
Non Bellows Sealed Isolation Valves Leaks
Size DN Pressure Leak per Total Leak Total Leak
Quantity
(mm) bar g trap kg/h kg/h tonnes p.a.

THEORY kg/h tonnes p.a.


MAIN MENU Totals
GRAPH
Leaks

Annual Cost
Steam Cost : /tonne

Hours a year

Steam loss from leaking valve spindle


Steam loss (kg/h)

6
Row 4
5
Row 5
4 Row 6

Sterling 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Pressure (bar g)
Steam loss (kg/h) pressure
diametdiametlin di 1 2 4 6 8 10
15 1,105 2 15 0 0.8 2.4 2.8 3.5 4
20 1,105 2 40 0 0.9 2.8 3.2 4 5
25 1,105 2 10 0 1 3 3.6 4.5 6
Steam loss from leaking valve spindle
32 1,105 2
40 1,276 3
50 1,276 3
9 65 1,276 3
8 80 1,276 3
100 1,426 4
7 150 1,426 4
200 1,426 4
6
5
pres col
4 1 1
3 2 2
4 3
2 6 4
8 5
1 10 6
12 7
0 14 8
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
Pressure (bar g)
Go back to Calc Sheet
12 14
5 6
6 7
7 8
spindle

Row 4
Row 5
Row 6

12 14 16
Calculation of steam loss

To calculate the steam loss around the valve spindle, it is necessary to consider this in terms of an e
diameter. The volume of the gap 'B' can be calculated from the difference between the diameter of t
the spindle. The following example illustrates the calculation of the diameter equivalent with a gap o
(microns) or (1/1000").

In this case:
1) "A" = Spindle diameter for a DN150
2) "B" = Effective seal diameter = 20 m
=

By deducting the areas, the effective le


20.05082 -202
4
This gives an effective d
1.598 x 4
This
D=gives an effective
=1 d

Valve sizes (DN) Spindle diameter (m Effective diameter for a ga


15-32 12 1.105 mm
40-80 16 1.276 mm
100-150 20 1.426 mm

GO BACK TO CALC SHEET


sider this in terms of an effective hole
between the diameter of the bonnet seal and
er equivalent with a gap of 25.4 micrometres

diameter for a DN150 valve = 20 mm


e seal diameter = 20 mm + (2 x 0.0254 mm)
= 20.0508 mm

e areas, the effective leak area is:

20.05082 -202 = 1.598 mm2

s gives an effective diameter of:


1.598 x 4
s gives an effective
= diametrem
=1.426 of:m

ctive diameter for a gap of 25.4 mm


1.105 mm
1.276 mm
1.426 mm
Calculate boiler blowdown rate and TDS savings
Comment
Data input
Boiler operating pressure bar g
Average evaporation rate kg/h
Average feedwater TDS ppm
Average TDS in boiler ppm
Acceptable TDS in boiler ppm
Average feedwater temp. deg C
Average cold make-up temp. deg C
Existing cost of steam /tonne
Hours run per year
Water cost per m3 water
Effluent costs per m3 water
Water treatment costs per m3 water
Cost of BCS control system per boiler

Results
Existing blowdown kg/h
Existing % blowdown %
Acceptable blowdown kg/h
Acceptable % blowdown %
% Fuel saved %
Cost of fuel saved
Total potential savings
Payback on BCS system

MAIN MENU

Heat recovery module

363844057.xls
363844057.xls
Data input Comment
Average boiler evaporation rate kg/h
TDS boiler feedwater ppm
TDS boiler ppm
Boiler pressure bar
Temperature of cold water make up o
C
Operating time per year hours
Cost of steam per tonne Steam off-take
Water costs per m3 water hfg in flash =
Effluent costs per m3 water hf in flash =
Water treatment costs per m3 water useable heat in flash =
Percentage make-up water % of evap.
Flash pressure bar
Cost of heat recovery system Tmake-up (due to flash)=

Results
Percentage blowdown %
Blowdown rate kg/h
Flash generated from blowdown %
Flash steam rate kg/h
Residual blowdown rate kg/h
Residual blowdown temperature o
C from flash vessel
Heat in residual blowdown kW
Steam equivalent at boiler pressure kg/h
Potential heat in flash kW
Steam equivalent at boiler pressure kg/h
Value of residual blowdown
Value of flash steam
Total savings on make-up water
Total savings with heat recovery a year
Simple payback on recovery system years

MAIN MENU TDS module


Flash steam

C/W make-

cold water
make-up tank

Steam off-take

To hotwell tank

Residual blowdown
The steam and condensate loop - FLASH USED
Make-up
#VALUE! degC
#VALUE! kg/h
#VALUE! % Radiation loss
#VALUE! kg/h

Water and
Feed tank condensate
#VALUE! kg/h
Boiler
Pressure #VALUE! bar g
Dryness fraction #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
Feedwater
#VALUE! degC
#VALUE! kg/h Boiler

Condensate return Boiler efficiency Water and


#VALUE! degC #VALUE! % Condensate
#VALUE! kg/h Heat input #VALUE! kW
#VALUE! % of blr.output

Condensate radiation loss Boiler blowdown rate Condensate lost to drain


#VALUE! % #VALUE! %
#VALUE! kg/h

MAIN MENU Coal cost #VALUE! per day #VALUE! per tonne of steam raised
Oil cost #VALUE! per day #VALUE! per tonne of steam raised
Gas cost #VALUE! per day #VALUE! per tonne of steam raised
Comment

Load
#VALUE! kW
#VALUE! bar g
#VALUE! kg/h

Flash pressure ba
Flash used ### kg

Water and
Condensate Condensat
#VALUE! kg/h ### kg

Condensate lost to drain


#VALUE! %
#VALUE! kg/h

of steam raised
of steam raised
of steam raised
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
Heat input required #VALUE! kW

Choose fuel type and enter values from table


COAL
Enter data
Price of coal 80.00 per tonne
Calorific value of coal 32,500 kJ/kg
Fuel to raise steam #VALUE! tonnes/day
Cost of coal #VALUE! per day
Cost of steam #VALUE! per tonne

OIL
Enter data
Price of oil 0.15 per litre
Relative density of oil 0.950
Calorific value of oil 43,000 kJ/kg
Fuel to raise steam #VALUE! litres/day
Cost of oil #VALUE! per day
Cost of steam #VALUE! per tonne

GAS
Enter data
Price of gas 0.40 per therm
Calorific value of gas 105,500 kJ/therm
Fuel to raise steam #VALUE! Therms/day #VALUE!
Cost of gas #VALUE! per day
Cost of steam #VALUE! per tonne

GO BACK
Heat input required #VALUE! kW

Choose fuel type and enter values from table


COAL

Price of coal 80.00 per tonne


Calorific value of coal 32,500 kJ/kg
Fuel to raise steam #VALUE! tonnes/day
Cost of coal #VALUE! per day
Cost of steam #VALUE! per tonne

OIL

Price of oil 0.15 per litre


Relative density of oil 0.950
Calorific value of oil 43,000 kJ/kg
Fuel to raise steam #VALUE! litres/day
Cost of oil #VALUE! per day
Cost of steam #VALUE! per tonne

GAS

Price of gas 0.40 per therm


Calorific value of gas 105,500 kJ/therm
Fuel to raise steam #VALUE! Therms/day
Cost of gas #VALUE! per day
Cost of steam #VALUE! per tonne

GO BACK
Calculate steam pipe running load

Nominal Pipe size #VALUE! mm Comment


Equivalent length of pipe (L) #VALUE! m
Steam pressure #VALUE! bar g

Data Input
Ambient temperature 0 oC
Air velocity over pipe m/s

Unlagged pipe radiation loss (Qr) #VALUE! W/m


Steam temperature #VALUE! oC

Enter ONE of these figures in STEAM LOOP

Results
Running load unlagged #VALUE! kg/h
Running load 50 mm insulation #VALUE! kg/h
Running load 100 mm insulation #VALUE! kg/h
Running load 150 mm insulation #VALUE! kg/h

GO BACK TO STEAM LOOP

CHANGE PIPE LENGTH


SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
The steam and condensate loop - FLASH LOST
Make-up Comment
degC
#VALUE! kg/h
#VALUE! % Radiation loss
kg/h

Water and
Feed tank condensate
#VALUE! #VALUE! kg/h
Boiler
Pressure bar g
Dryness fraction
#VALUE! kg/h wet steam
Feedwater
#VALUE! degC
#VALUE! kg/h Boiler

Condensate return Boiler efficiency Water and


#VALUE! degC % Condensate
#VALUE! kg/h Heat input #VALUE! kW
#VALUE! % of blr.output

Condensate radiation loss Boiler blowdown rate Condensate lost to drain


% %
kg/h

MAIN MENU Coal cost #VALUE! per day #VALUE! per tonne of steam raised
Oil cost #VALUE! per day #VALUE! per tonne of steam raised
Gas cost #VALUE! per day #VALUE! per tonne of steam raised
Load
kW
bar g
#VALUE! kg/h

Flash lost
#VALUE! kg/h f

Water and
Condensate
#VALUE! kg/h

ndensate lost to drain


%
#VALUE! kg/h

of steam raised
of steam raised
of steam raised
Calculate pipe size on velocity

Data input Comment 1

Upstream pressure 4 bar g Comment 2


Steam flowrate 1,689 kg/h
Velocity 30
###
m/s
Pipe length 100
###
metres

Result
Minimum pipe bore #VALUE! mm
Pressure drop #VALUE! bar #VALUE!

Commercial pipe size #VALUE! mm nb


Actual velocity #VALUE! m/s
Actual pressure drop #VALUE! bar

MAIN MENU
Calculate the minimum pipe size

Data input
Pipe length 50
###
metres Comment

Upstream pressure #VALUE! bar g #VALUE!


Downstream pressure #VALUE! bar g
Steam flowrate #VALUE! kg/h

Result
Minimum pipe bore ###
mm
Calculated velocity m/s with 3% pressure drop
Chosen pipe bore #VALUE! mm

###
###

STEAM MAIN RADIATION LOSSES


NOT FOR USE
SATURATED STEAMTABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg

bar g #VALUE! C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf
bar a #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE!
Property A B
temp F -0.17724 3.83986
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176
200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498
McKETTA) total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121
SPEC VOL m3/kg Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961

vg
#VALUE!
Pressure psia x #VALUE!
temp F #VALUE!
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb #VALUE!
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb *
1-200 psia #VALUE!
200-1500 psia #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE!
latent enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE!
total enthalpy Btu/lb #VALUE!
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R #VALUE!
Latententropy Btu/b R #VALUE!
Total entropy Btu/b R #VALUE!
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb #VALUE!

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a #VALUE!
14 -100 bar a #VALUE!
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg #VALUE!
C D E F G
11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596

9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953


-0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928
11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
-8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
-0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364
11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

root x ### x2 #VALUE! x3 #VALUE! ln x #VALUE!

m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! lb to kg = 0.453592


Btu to kJ = 1.055
m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE! ft3 to m3 = 0.028317
m3/lb= ### m3/kg= #VALUE!
kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
kJ/lb= ### kJ/kg= #VALUE!
kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
kJ/lb R = ### kJ/kg R = #VALUE! kJ/kg C = #VALUE!
kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
kJ/lb = ### kJ/kg = #VALUE!
Water Mixing

0.0 Percentag
Data input 0.0
What is the Cold water Temperature? degC 0.0
What is the Hot water Temperature? degC #DIV/0!
What Mixed water Temperature do you require? degC
What Mixed water Flowrate do you require? L/m

Results
You need a Cold water Percentage of %
You need a Hot water Percentage of % WARNING : Cold wate
WARNING : Hot water
You need a Hot water Flowrate of L/m
You need a Cold water Flowrate of L/m

MAIN MENU
0.0

Percentage
0 mix
0
0
0
0
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
WARNING : Cold water must be below
WARNING : Hot water must be higher than

Mixing Valve
Fault flow through A PRV (pressure reducing valve) and TCV (temperature control valve)

Kvs

Upstream SV set at

SUPPLY
PRV

Normal upstream pressure Kvr

Input data
Normal SUPPLY pressure onto PRV bar g
Normal SET pressure of PRV bar g Comment
Application NWP bar g
Application MAWP bar g
Steam load kg/h
Expected fault pressure onto PRV bar g
0
Results
Maximum safety valve set pressure
Required SV capacity kg/h MAIN MENU

'Combined' Kvs
Intermediate pressure at fault conditions bar g
P1 P2 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6
1.00 ### 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
m fault start= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
m/12KP x = ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
(.)2= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
1-(.)2= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
/5.67= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
sqrt= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
x= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
P3 ### P3 #VALUE! P4 #VALUE! P4 #VALUE!
m fault start= ### ### ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! ### #VALUE!
P2 ### P2 #VALUE! P2 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
P3 ### P3 #VALUE! P3 #VALUE! P4 #VALUE!

m fault iterated= #N/A ###


P2 iterated= #N/A ###
P3 iterated= #N/A ###
e control valve)

Kvs

LOAD
TCV

Kvr
P7 P8 P9 P10 P12 P13 P16 P17 P18 P19
1.00 ### 1.00 #VALUE! ### 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P5 ### P5 #VALUE! ### P6 #VALUE! P7 #VALUE! P8
#VALUE! ### ### #VALUE! ### #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 ### 1 #VALUE! ### 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P5 ### P5 #VALUE! ### P6 #VALUE! P7 #VALUE! P8

P1 fault Kv P SV set m x adj 0.42-x 1- ( . )1/2


1.0 0 1.0 #VALUE! 0 0.42 -0.000188 #VALUE!
0.0

0
0
0
0
0
0
P20 P21 P22 P23 P24 P25 P26 P27 P28
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P8 #VALUE! P9 #VALUE! P9 #VALUE! P10 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P8 #VALUE! P9 #VALUE! P9 #VALUE! P10 #VALUE!

#N/A #N/A
0.0 #VALUE! 0.0
KE, DN #N/A KE43, DN #N/A

#VALUE! kg/h
Fault flow
Full load
0.0 0.0 0 kg/h

WARNING : PRV set pressure must be higher than the appar


min kv 0

12KvP1 x = 0

#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
P29 P30 P31 P32 P33 P34 P35 P36 P37
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P10 #VALUE! P11 #VALUE! P11 #VALUE! P12 #VALUE! P12
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P10 #VALUE! P11 #VALUE! P11 #VALUE! P12 #VALUE! P12
must be higher than the apparatus NWP
P38 P39 P40 P41 P42 P43 P44 P45 P46
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P13 #VALUE! P13 #VALUE! P14 #VALUE! P14 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P13 #VALUE! P13 #VALUE! P14 #VALUE! P14 #VALUE!
P47 P48 P49 P50 P51 P52 P53 P54 P55
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P15 #VALUE! P15 #VALUE! P16 #VALUE! P16 #VALUE! P17
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P15 #VALUE! P15 #VALUE! P16 #VALUE! P16 #VALUE! P17
P56 P57 P58 P59 P60 P61 P62 P63 P64
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P17 #VALUE! P18 #VALUE! P18 #VALUE! P19 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P17 #VALUE! P18 #VALUE! P18 #VALUE! P19 #VALUE!
P65 P66 P67 P68 P69 P70 P71 P72 P73
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P19 #VALUE! P20 #VALUE! P20 #VALUE! P21 #VALUE! P21
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P19 #VALUE! P20 #VALUE! P20 #VALUE! P21 #VALUE! P21
P74 P75 P76 P77 P78 P79 P80 P81 P82
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P22 #VALUE! P22 #VALUE! P23 #VALUE! P23 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P22 #VALUE! P22 #VALUE! P23 #VALUE! P23 #VALUE!
P83 P84 P85 P86 P87 P88 P89 P90 P91
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P24 #VALUE! P24 #VALUE! P25 #VALUE! P25 #VALUE! P26
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P24 #VALUE! P24 #VALUE! P25 #VALUE! P25 #VALUE! P26
P92 P93 P94 P95 P96 P97 P98 P99 P100
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P26 #VALUE! P27 #VALUE! P27 #VALUE! P28 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P26 #VALUE! P27 #VALUE! P27 #VALUE! P28 #VALUE!
P101 P102 P103 P104 P105 P106 P107 P108 P109
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P28 #VALUE! P29 #VALUE! P29 #VALUE! P30 #VALUE! P30
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P28 #VALUE! P29 #VALUE! P29 #VALUE! P30 #VALUE! P30
P110 P111 P112 P113 P114 P115 P116 P117 P118
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P31 #VALUE! P31 #VALUE! P32 #VALUE! P32 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P31 #VALUE! P31 #VALUE! P32 #VALUE! P32 #VALUE!
P119 P120 P121 P122 P123 P124 P125 P126 P127
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P33 #VALUE! P33 #VALUE! P34 #VALUE! P34 #VALUE! P35
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P33 #VALUE! P33 #VALUE! P34 #VALUE! P34 #VALUE! P35
P128 P129 P130 P131 P132 P133 P134 P135 P136
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P35 #VALUE! P36 #VALUE! P36 #VALUE! P37 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P35 #VALUE! P36 #VALUE! P36 #VALUE! P37 #VALUE!
P137 P138 P139 P140 P141 P142 P143 P144 P145
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P37 #VALUE! P38 #VALUE! P38 #VALUE! P39 #VALUE! P39
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P37 #VALUE! P38 #VALUE! P38 #VALUE! P39 #VALUE! P39
P146 P147 P148 P149 P150 P151 P152 P153 P154
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P40 #VALUE! P40 #VALUE! P41 #VALUE! P41 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P40 #VALUE! P40 #VALUE! P41 #VALUE! P41 #VALUE!
P155 P156 P157 P158 P159 P160 P161 P162 P163
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P42 #VALUE! P42 #VALUE! P43 #VALUE! P43 #VALUE! P44
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P42 #VALUE! P42 #VALUE! P43 #VALUE! P43 #VALUE! P44
P164 P165 P166 P167 P168 P169 P170 P171 P172
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P44 #VALUE! P45 #VALUE! P45 #VALUE! P46 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P44 #VALUE! P45 #VALUE! P45 #VALUE! P46 #VALUE!
P173 P174 P175 P176 P177 P178 P179 P180 P181
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P46 #VALUE! P47 #VALUE! P47 #VALUE! P48 #VALUE! P48
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P46 #VALUE! P47 #VALUE! P47 #VALUE! P48 #VALUE! P48
P182 P183 P184 P185 P186 P187 P188 P189 P190
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P49 #VALUE! P49 #VALUE! P50 #VALUE! P50 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P49 #VALUE! P49 #VALUE! P50 #VALUE! P50 #VALUE!
P191 P192 P193 P194 P195 P196 P197 P198 P199
1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P51 #VALUE! P51 #VALUE! P52 #VALUE! P52 #VALUE! P53
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P51 #VALUE! P51 #VALUE! P52 #VALUE! P52 #VALUE! P53
P200 P201 P202 P203 P204 P205 P206 P207 P208
#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P53 #VALUE! P54 #VALUE! P54 #VALUE! P55 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P53 #VALUE! P54 #VALUE! P54 #VALUE! P55 #VALUE!
1.0 #VALUE! 1.0

1.0 1.0 1.0

#VALUE!
high mid low P1 bara P2 bara
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! 1 0.99996
#N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.999925
#N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.9999
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.999
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.99
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.95
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.9
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.8
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.7
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.6
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.5
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.4
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.3
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.2
#N/A #N/A #N/A #N/A 1 0.1

0.1 1.01 1
P217 P217 1

P209 P210 P211 P212 P213 P214 P215 P216 P217


1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
P55 #VALUE! P56 #VALUE! P56 #VALUE! P57 #VALUE! P57
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
P55 #VALUE! P56 #VALUE! P56 #VALUE! P57 #VALUE! P57
0.5 #VALUE! 1
0.4 1.01 1
0.3 1.01 1
0.2 1.01 1
Kv total = #VALUE!

gauge pressures for graph


m P1 barg P2 barg P1 P2 m x x adj
#N/A 0.00 0.00 1 1.0000 #N/A 0.00004 0.00004
#N/A 0.00 0.00 1 0.9999 #N/A 0.000075 0.000075
#N/A 0.00 0.00 1 0.9999 #N/A 0.0001 0.0001
#N/A 0.00 0.00 1 0.9990 #N/A 0.001 0.001
#N/A 0.00 -0.01 1 0.9900 #N/A 0.01 0.01
#N/A 0.00 -0.05 1 1.0 #N/A 0.05 0.05
#N/A 0.00 -0.10 1 0.9 #N/A 0.1 0.1
#N/A 0.00 -0.20 1 0.8 #N/A 0.2 0.2
#N/A 0.00 -0.30 1 0.7 #N/A 0.3 0.3
#N/A 0.00 -0.40 1 0.6 #N/A 0.4 0.4
#N/A 0.00 -0.50 1 0.5 #N/A 0.5 0.42
#N/A 0.00 -0.60 1 0.4 #N/A 0.6 0.42
#N/A 0.00 -0.70 1 0.3 #N/A 0.7 0.42
#N/A 0.00 -0.80 1 0.2 #N/A 0.8 0.42
#N/A 0.00 -0.90 1 0.1 #N/A 0.9 0.42

#N/A 0.0 0.0 1.01 1 #N/A 0.0099009901 0.009901


#N/A #VALUE! 0.0 P217 1 #N/A #VALUE! #VALUE!

P218 P219 P220 P221 P222 P223 P224 P225


#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P58 #VALUE! P58 #VALUE! P59 #VALUE! P59
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
#VALUE! P58 #VALUE! P58 #VALUE! P59 #VALUE! P59
#N/A #VALUE! 0.0 #VALUE! 1 #N/A #VALUE! #VALUE!
#N/A 0.0 0.0 1.01 1 #N/A 0.00990099 0.009901
#N/A 0.0 0.0 1.01 1 #N/A 0.0099009901 0.009901
#N/A 0.0 0.0 1.01 1 #N/A 0.0099009901 0.009901
Z

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

0.42-x (0.42-x)2 x 5.67 1- ( . )1/2 x x adj 0.42-x


0.41996 0.1764 0.999997 2.503E-06 0.001582 0.00004 0.00004 0.41996
0.419925 0.1763 0.999831 0.000169 0.013007 0.000075 0.000075 0.419925
0.4199 0.1763 0.999712 0.000288 0.016977 0.0001 0.0001 0.4199
0.419 0.1756 0.995431 0.004569 0.067595 0.001 0.001 0.419
0.41 0.1681 0.953127 0.046873 0.216502 0.01 0.01 0.41
0.37 0.1369 0.776223 0.223777 0.473051 0.05 0.05 0.37
0.32 0.1024 0.580608 0.419392 0.647605 0.1 0.1 0.32
0.22 0.0484 0.274428 0.725572 0.851805 0.2 0.2 0.22
0.12 0.0144 0.081648 0.918352 0.958307 0.3 0.3 0.12
0.02 0.0004 0.002268 0.997732 0.998865 0.4 0.4 0.02
0 0.0000 0 1 1 0.5 0.42 0
0 0.0000 0 1 1 0.6 0.42 0
0 0.0000 0 1 1 0.7 0.42 0
0 0.0000 0 1 1 0.8 0.42 0
0 0.0000 0 1 1 0.9 0.42 0

0.410099 0.1682 0.953587 0.046413


#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

P226 P227 P228 P229 P230 P242 P243 P244 P245


#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P60 #VALUE! P60 #VALUE! #VALUE! P64 #VALUE! P64
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1
#VALUE! P60 #VALUE! P60 #VALUE! #VALUE! P64 #VALUE! P64
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.410099 0.1682 0.953587 0.046413
0.410099 0.1682 0.953587 0.046413
0.410099 0.1682 0.953587 0.046413
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

(0.42-x)2 x 5.67 1- ( . )1/2


0.1764 0.999997 2.503E-06 0.001582
0.1763 0.999831 0.000169 0.013007
0.1763 0.999712 0.000288 0.016977
0.1756 0.995431 0.004569 0.067595
0.1681 0.953127 0.046873 0.216502
0.1369 0.776223 0.223777 0.473051
0.1024 0.580608 0.419392 0.647605
0.0484 0.274428 0.725572 0.851805
0.0144 0.081648 0.918352 0.958307
0.0004 0.002268 0.997732 0.998865
0.0000 0 1 1
0.0000 0 1 1
0.0000 0 1 1
0.0000 0 1 1
0.0000 0 1 1

P246 P247 P248 P249 P250 P251 P252


#VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE! 1.00 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! P65 #VALUE! P65 #VALUE! P66 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE! 1 #VALUE!
#VALUE! P65 #VALUE! P65 #VALUE! P66 #VALUE!
The application :
A steam/water heat exchanger suppled via one PCV, one TCV, plus SV

SOURCE
P: 0

Add PCV

Only change these data after all figures are entered


CHANGE GO BACK PCV press GO BACK app.flow
SINK
P: 0
Set the PCV downstream pressure

SOURCE PCV
P: 0 P1 : 0
P2 : 0

NEXT

BACK

Only change these data after all figures are entered


CHANGE SRC press GO BACK SNK press app.flow
SINK
P: 0
SRC PCV
P: 0 P1 : 0
P2 : 0

Add TCV

BACK
SNK
P: 0
This page adds the TCV and shows the pressure drop across it

0 0

NEXT

BACK
re drop across it

0
0
Enter the calculated application flow (from Spiracalc)

Full load
0
kg/h

0 0

NEXT

BACK

Only change these data after all figures are entered


CHANGE SRC press PCV press SNK press GO BACK
(from Spiracalc)

0
This page shows the pressure drop across each component and the calculated flo

SOURCE PCV TCV


P: 0 P1 : 0 P1 : 0
P2 : 0 P2 : 0
m: 0 m: 0 m: 0

NEXT Calc. PCV Kv

BACK
component and the calculated flowrate

SINK
P: 0

m: 0
This page calculates the size of the PCV

0 0 Full load 0
0 0 0
kg/h
Kvr :
Kvs : #N/A
KE, DN #N/A

0 0

PRESS

Calc. TCV Kvs


PRESS 'Fault flow' button to return to main sheet
0

0
This page calculates the size of the TCV

0 0 Full load 0
0 0 0
kg/h
Kvr : Kvr :
Kvs : #N/A Kvs : #N/A
KE, DN #N/A KE43, DN #N/A

0 0

NEXT Calc. Fault flow

BACK

DATA Change the data


0

0
Entering the set pressure calculates the fault flow

0 0 0
0 0
m FAULT :
Kvr : Kvr :
Kvs : #N/A Kvs : #N/A
KE, DN #N/A KE43, DN #N/A

Only change these data after all figures are entered

SOURCE PRESSURE

REDUCING VALVE PRESSURE

SINK PRESSURE

FULL LOAD FLOW

BACK
0 0
Pset : 4
m FAULT : #N/A 0

ll figures are entered


Calculate Kv for a steam valve

Data Input

Mass flowrate (m) 0 kg/h


Upstream pressure (P1) 0.0 bar g
Downstream pressure (P2) 0.0 bar g

Result
Kv =
Cv =
Calculate steam flow through a valve

m = 12 x Kv x P1 1 - 5.67(0.42 - x)2

Data Input

Kv = #N/A
Upstream pressure (P1) 0.0 bar g
Downstream pressure (P2) 4.0 bar g
#N/A
Results
Mass flowrate (m) #N/A kg/h
#N/A lb/h #N/A #N/A

#N/A

#N/A
#N/A #N/A

#N/A
Calculate Kv for a steam valve

Data Input

Mass flowrate (m) 0 kg/h


Upstream pressure (P1) 0.0 bar g
Downstream pressure (P2) 0.0 bar g

Result
Kv =
Cv =
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
Calculate compressed air leaks through holes

Comment Air through o

250

dm3/s free air


Enter data
Diameter of hole mm
Air pressure bar g 200
Cd
Result
dm3/s of free air 150
L/min of free air
Cost of compressed air /1000 m3 free air
Annual hours of use
Annual cost of this leak 100

50

MAIN MENU 0
0 1 2 3 4
Pressure (b
Air through orifices (Cd = 1)

0.5 mm
1 mm
2 mm
3 mm
5 mm
10 mm
12.5
mm

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Pressure (bar g)
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g 0.00 C
o hf hfg hg
bar a

Superheat

st
Enter on saturation Temp deg C
Pressure bar g
1.013 99.97 418.7 2256.9 2675.7
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.306 6.048 7.354 0.0010 1.6710
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 14.69255 root x 3.83309 x2 215.8711 x3 3171.69713


temp F 212
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0167 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001044 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 27 m3/lb= 0.75797 m3/kg= 1.671048 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 30 m3/lb= 0.85896 m3/kg= 1.89368
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb= 189.91 kJ/kg= 418.7
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 970 kJ/lb= 1023.72 kJ/kg= 2256.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1150 kJ/lb= 1213.70 kJ/kg= 2675.7
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.3119 kJ/lb R = 0.32909 kJ/kg R = 0.725521 kJ/kg C = 1.30593831
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.4445 kJ/lb R = 1.524 kJ/kg R = 3.359847 kJ/kg C = 6.04772398

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.7565 kJ/lb R = 1.85311 kJ/kg R = 4.085402 kJ/kg C = 7.35372272
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 180 kJ/lb = 189.866 kJ/kg = 418.6
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1078 kJ/lb = 1136.79 kJ/kg = 2506.2

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 1.671
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 418.6
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2506.2
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.6873407 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.028317 83.72 0.55 #VALUE! #VALUE!
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg superheat

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JO

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg


bar g -0.4 o
C hf hfg hg
bar a 0.58754 85.4 357.5 2294.9 2652.5

Superheat
Enter Temp degC

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Pressure bar g
0.58754 85.42 357.5 2294.9 2652.5
D STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
AL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sf sfg sg vf vg
1.139 6.400 7.538 0.001 2.787
1.139 6.400 7.538 0.0010 2.7871
Property A B C D E F G
temp F -0.17724 3.83986 11.48345 31.1311 8.76E-05 -2.8E-08 86.594
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb -5.3E-07 3E-05 0.000152 6.6E-05 8.41E-10 1.86E-14 0.01596
Vapou spev vol ft3/lb
1-200 psia -0.48799 304.7176 9.829904 -16.455 0.000947 -1.4E-06 19.53953

200-1500 psia 0.002662 457.5802 -0.17696 0.82686 -4.6E-07 6.32E-11 -2.3928


Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb -0.15116 3.671404 11.62256 30.8327 8.74E-05 -2.6E-08 54.55
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 0.008676 -1.30498 -8.21374 -16.376 -4.3E-05 9.76E-09 1045.81
total enthalpy Btu/lb -0.14129 2.258225 3.40148 14.4381 4.22E-05 -1.6E-08 1100.5
Liquid entropy Btu/b R -0.00017 0.004273 0.01048 0.05802 9.1E-08 -2.8E-11 0.11801
Latententropy Btu/b R 3.45E-05 -0.00275 -0.00733 -0.1426 -3.49E-08 7.43E-12 1.85565
Total entropy Btu/b R -0.00015 0.001262 0.003442 -0.0849 6.89E-08 -2.5E-11 1.97364

Liquid internal energy Btu/lb -0.15494 3.662121 11.63263 30.8214 8.76E-05 -2.6E-08 54.56
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb -0.0994 1.93961 2.428354 10.9819 2.74E-05 -1.1E-08 1040.03

Pressure psia x 8.52168 root x 2.91919 x2 72.61903 x3 618.836171


temp F 186
Liquid spec vol ft3/lb 0.0165 m3/lb= 0.00047 m3/kg= 0.001033 lb to kg =
Vapou spev vol ft /lb
3
* Btu to kJ =
1-200 psia 45 m3/lb= 1.26421 m3/kg= 2.787114 ft3 to m3 =
200-1500 psia 53 m3/lb= 1.48893 m3/kg= 3.282541
Liquid enthalpy Btu/lb 154 kJ/lb= 162.14 kJ/kg= 357.5
latent enthalpy Btu/lb 987 kJ/lb= 1040.93 kJ/kg= 2294.9
total enthalpy Btu/lb 1140 kJ/lb= 1203.15 kJ/kg= 2652.5
Liquid entropy Btu/lb R 0.2720 kJ/lb R = 0.28695 kJ/kg R = 0.632608 kJ/kg C = 1.13869469
Latententropy Btu/b R 1.5286 kJ/lb R = 1.61268 kJ/kg R = 3.555346 kJ/kg C = 6.39962217

Total entropy Btu/b R 1.8006 kJ/lb R = 1.89962 kJ/kg R = 4.187945 kJ/kg C = 7.53830059
Liquid internal energy Btu/lb 154 kJ/lb = 162.124 kJ/kg = 357.4
Vapour internal energy Btu/lb 1070 kJ/lb = 1128.88 kJ/kg = 2488.8

Liquid spec vol m3/kg


Vapou spev vol m3/kg *
1-14 bar a 2.787
14 -100 bar a
Liquid enthalpy kJ/kg
latent enthalpy kJ/kg
total enthalpy kJ/kg
Liquid entropy kJ/kg0C
Total entropy kJ/kg0C
Latent entropy kJ/kg0C
Liquid internal energy kJ/kg 357.4
Vapour internal energy kJ/kg 2488.8
Temperature Pressure

C bar a bar g

32.88 0.05
45.81 0.10

53.97 0.15
60.06 0.20
64.97 0.25
69.10 0.30
ln x 2.14261352 72.70 0.35
75.87 0.40
0.453592 78.70 0.45
1.055 81.33 0.50 -85 sub saturated
sub saturated
0.028317 83.72 0.55 2.123 assume 1 assume 1
85.94 0.60
88.01 0.65
-0.03 89.95 0.70
-0.9 91.78 0.75
93.50 0.80
95.14 0.85

96.71 0.90
98.20 0.95
99.63 1.00
100.00 1.013 0.00
101.40 1.063 0.05
102.66 1.113 0.10
103.87 1.163 0.15
105.10 1.213 0.20
106.26 1.263 0.25
107.39 1.313 0.30
108.50 1.363 0.35
109.55 1.413 0.40
110.58 1.463 0.45
111.61 1.513 0.50
112.60 1.563 0.55
113.56 1.613 0.60
114.51 1.663 0.65
115.40 1.713 0.70
116.28 1.763 0.75
117.14 1.813 0.80
117.96 1.863 0.85
118.80 1.913 0.90
119.63 1.963 0.95
120.42 2.013 1.00
121.21 2.063 1.05
121.96 2.113 1.10
122.73 2.163 1.15
123.46 2.213 1.20
124.18 2.263 1.25
124.90 2.313 1.30
125.59 2.363 1.35
126.28 2.413 1.40
126.96 2.463 1.45
127.62 2.513 1.50
128.26 2.563 1.55
128.89 2.613 1.60
129.51 2.663 1.65
130.13 2.713 1.70
130.75 2.763 1.75
131.37 2.813 1.80
131.96 2.863 1.85
132.54 2.913 1.90
133.13 2.963 1.95
133.69 3.013 2.00
134.25 3.063 2.05
134.82 3.113 2.10
135.36 3.163 2.15
135.88 3.213 2.20
136.43 3.263 2.25
136.98 3.313 2.30
137.50 3.363 2.35
138.01 3.413 2.40
138.53 3.463 2.45
139.02 3.513 2.50
139.52 3.563 2.55
140.00 3.613 2.60
140.48 3.663 2.65
140.96 3.713 2.70
141.44 3.763 2.75
141.92 3.813 2.80
142.40 3.863 2.85
142.86 3.913 2.90
143.28 3.963 2.95
143.75 4.013 3.00
144.67 4.113 3.10
145.46 4.213 3.20
146.36 4.313 3.30
147.20 4.413 3.40
148.02 4.513 3.50
148.84 4.613 3.60
149.64 4.713 3.70
150.44 4.813 3.80
151.23 4.913 3.90
151.96 5.013 4.00
152.68 5.113 4.10
153.40 5.213 4.20
154.12 5.313 4.30
154.84 5.413 4.40
155.55 5.513 4.50
156.24 5.613 4.60
156.94 5.713 4.70
157.62 5.813 4.80
158.28 5.913 4.90
158.92 6.013 5.00
159.56 6.113 5.10
160.20 6.213 5.20
160.82 6.313 5.30
161.45 6.413 5.40
162.08 6.513 5.50
162.68 6.613 5.60
163.27 6.713 5.70
163.86 6.813 5.80
164.46 6.913 5.90
165.04 7.013 6.00
165.60 7.113 6.10
166.16 7.213 6.20
166.73 7.313 6.30
167.29 7.413 6.40
167.83 7.513 6.50
168.38 7.613 6.60
168.89 7.713 6.70
169.43 7.813 6.80
169.95 7.913 6.90
170.50 8.013 7.00
171.02 8.113 7.10
171.53 8.213 7.20
172.03 8.313 7.30
172.53 8.413 7.40
173.02 8.513 7.50
173.50 8.613 7.60
174.00 8.713 7.70
174.46 8.813 7.80
174.93 8.913 7.90
175.43 9.013 8.00
175.88 9.113 8.10
176.37 9.213 8.20
176.83 9.313 8.30
177.27 9.413 8.40
177.75 9.513 8.50
178.20 9.613 8.60
178.64 9.713 8.70
179.08 9.813 8.80
179.53 9.913 8.90
179.97 10.013 9.00
180.41 10.113 9.10
180.83 10.213 9.20
181.26 10.313 9.30
181.68 10.413 9.40
182.10 10.513 9.50
182.51 10.613 9.60
182.91 10.713 9.70
183.31 10.813 9.80
183.72 10.913 9.90
184.13 11.013 10.00
184.92 11.213 10.20
185.68 11.413 10.40
186.49 11.613 10.60
187.25 11.813 10.80
188.02 12.013 11.00
188.78 12.213 11.20
189.52 12.413 11.40
190.24 12.613 11.60
190.97 12.813 11.80
191.68 13.013 12.00
192.38 13.213 12.20
193.08 13.413 12.40
193.77 13.613 12.60
194.43 13.813 12.80
195.10 14.013 13.00
195.77 14.213 13.20
196.43 14.413 13.40
197.08 14.613 13.60
197.72 14.813 13.80
198.35 15.013 14.00
198.98 15.213 14.20
199.61 15.413 14.40
200.23 15.613 14.60
200.84 15.813 14.80
201.45 16.013 15.00
202.04 16.213 15.20
202.62 16.413 15.40
203.21 16.613 15.60
203.79 16.813 15.80
204.38 17.013 16.00
204.94 17.213 16.20
205.49 17.413 16.40
206.05 17.613 16.60
206.61 17.813 16.80
207.17 18.013 17.00
207.75 18.213 17.20
208.30 18.413 17.40
208.84 18.613 17.60
209.37 18.813 17.80
209.90 19.013 18.00
210.43 19.213 18.20
210.96 19.413 18.40
211.47 19.613 18.60
211.98 19.813 18.80
212.47 20.013 19.00
212.98 20.213 19.20
213.49 20.413 19.40
213.99 20.613 19.60
214.48 20.813 19.80
214.96 21.013 20.00
216.15 21.513 20.50
217.35 22.013 21.00
218.53 22.513 21.50
219.65 23.013 22.00
220.76 23.513 22.50
221.85 24.013 23.00
222.94 24.513 23.50
224.02 25.013 24.00
225.08 25.513 24.50
226.12 26.013 25.00
228.15 27.013 26.00
230.14 28.013 27.00
232.05 29.013 28.00
233.93 30.013 29.00
235.78 31.013 30.00
237.55 32.013 31.00
239.28 33.013 32.00
240.97 34.013 33.00
242.63 35.013 34.00
244.26 36.013 35.00
245.86 37.013 36.00
247.42 38.013 37.00
248.95 39.013 38.00
250.42 40.013 39.00
251.94 41.013 40.00
253.34 42.013 41.00
254.74 43.013 42.00
256.12 44.013 43.00
257.50 45.013 44.00
258.82 46.013 45.00
260.13 47.013 46.00
261.43 48.013 47.00
262.73 49.013 48.00
264.00 50.013 49.00
265.26 51.013 50.00
266.45 52.013 51.00
267.67 53.013 52.00
268.84 54.013 53.00
270.02 55.013 54.00
271.20 56.013 55.00
272.33 57.013 56.00
273.45 58.013 57.00
274.55 59.013 58.00
275.65 60.013 59.00
276.73 61.013 60.00
277.80 62.013 61.00
278.85 63.013 62.00
279.89 64.013 63.00
280.92 65.013 64.00
281.95 66.013 65.00
282.95 67.013 66.00
283.95 68.013 67.00
284.93 69.013 68.00
285.90 70.013 69.00
286.85 71.013 70.00
287.80 72.013 71.00
288.75 73.013 72.00
289.69 74.013 73.00
290.60 75.013 74.00
291.51 76.013 75.00
292.41 77.013 76.00
293.91 78.013 77.00
294.20 79.013 78.00
295.10 80.013 79.00
295.96 81.013 80.00
296.81 82.013 81.00
297.66 83.013 82.00
298.50 84.013 83.00
299.35 85.013 84.00
300.20 86.013 85.00
301.00 87.013 86.00
301.81 88.013 87.00
302.61 89.013 88.00
303.41 90.013 89.00
304.20 91.013 90.00
305.77 93.013 92.00
307.24 95.013 94.00
308.83 97.013 96.00
310.32 99.013 98.00
311.79 101.013 100.00
313.24 103.013 102.00
314.67 105.013 104.00
316.08 107.013 106.00
317.46 109.013 108.00
318.83 111.013 110.00
320.17 113.013 112.00
321.50 115.013 114.00
322.81 117.013 116.00
324.10 119.013 118.00
325.38 121.013 120.00
degC nter Temp degC
m3/kg

bar a -0.9 -0.90


sub atmospheric
bar a
STEAM PIPES

Steam pipes exposed in free air at 20 OC


Temp. difference /2"
1
/4"
3
1" 11/4" 11/2" 2" 21/2" 3"
Steam to air 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80
o
C (Q) Heat emission rate in W/m
50 55 67 81 99 111 135 165 189
60 69 84 102 125 140 169 207 238
70 84 103 125 152 170 206 253 290
80 100 122 149 181 203 246 301 345
100 135 164 200 244 273 331 406 466
120 173 211 257 314 352 427 523 600
140 215 262 320 391 438 532 653 750
160 261 318 389 476 534 648 796 915
180 311 380 465 569 638 776 954 1100
200 366 447 547 670 753 916 1130 1300
220 425 520 637 781 878 1070 1320 1510

EXAMPLE condensing rate = Q x 3.6 hfg at 10 bar g = 2000


hfg

Heat emission per metre at 10 bar g for DN350 (14") pipe =

Condensing rate per metre at 10 bar g for DN350 (14") pipe

MAIN MENU
air at 20 OC
4" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14"
100 150 200 250 300 350
mission rate in W/m
236 327 432 532 633 733
297 411 543 669 795 921
362 502 663 817 971 1125
431 598 790 973 1156 1340
582 808 1067 1315 1563 1811
750 1040 1374 1694 2013 2333
937 1310 1728 2131 2534 2937
1140 1600 2109 2601 3094 3586
1370 1920 2534 3126 3718 4311
1620 2270 2998 3699 4401 5102
1900 2660 3513 4336 5159 5982

hfg at 10 bar g = 2000 kJ/kg

350 (14") pipe = 3586 watts

N350 (14") pipe = 3586 x 3.6


2000

= 6.45 kg/h
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g

MAIN MENU
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp 0 deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
Heat losses from flat surfaces Comments

Enter data Results


Tank wall temperature o
C DT C
o

Ambient temperature o
C Calculated heat loss coefficient W/m2C Heat losses from tank - kW
No With insulation
Rectangular tank insulation 50mm 75mm
W m total side area m2 total side loss
L m top area m2 top loss
H m bottom area m2 bottom loss
total heat loss
Circular tank vertical
Diameter m total side area m2 total side loss
Height m top area m2 top loss
bottom area m2 bottom loss
total heat loss
Circular tank horizontal
Diameter m total end area m2 total end loss
Length m cylinder area m2 cylinder loss
total heat loss
Wind factor

MAIN MENU
Steam T #REF! C
Steam hfg #REF! kJ/kg

#REF!

#REF!

#DIV/0!
from tank - kW
With insulation
100mm
Heating air in a tank Comments

Enter data Results


Tank wall temperature o
C DT C
o
TABLE 1
Ambient temperature o
C Heat loss coefficient W/m2C Heat losses from tank - kW
No With insulation
Rectangular tank insulation 50mm 75mm
W m total side area m2 total side loss
L m top area m2 top loss
H m bottom area m2 bottom loss
total heat loss
Circular tank vertical
Diameter m total side area m2 total side loss
Height m top area m2 top loss
bottom area m2 bottom loss
total heat loss
Circular tank horizontal
Diameter m total end area m2 total end loss
Length m cylinder area m2 cylinder loss
total heat loss
Wind factor

Enter heat loss kW from here

What steam pressure in coil? bar g Steam to fluid DT C


o
MAIN MENU

Enter pipe heating capacity W/m from here Steam load kg/h

Pipe run needed metres


from tank - kW
With insulation
100mm
If you have no data on expected wind speeds, use the following recommended values

Sheltered situations: 1 m/s


Normal situations: 3 m/s
Exposed situations: 10 m/s

Wind speed correction factors


Air velocity m/s Use x factor
1.0 1.3
1.5 1.5
2.0 1.7
2.5 1.8
3.0 2.0
4.0 2.3
6.0 2.9
8.0 3.5
10.0 4.0

Factors published in DOE Fuel Efficiency Booklet : The economic thickness of insulation

MAIN MENU

BACK to calculator
he economic thickness of insulation for hot pipes
If you have no data on expected wind speeds, use the following recommended values

Sheltered situations: 1 m/s


Normal situations: 3 m/s
Exposed situations: 10 m/s

Wind speed correction factors


Air velocity m/s Use x factor
1.0 1.3
1.5 1.5
2.0 1.7
2.5 1.8
3.0 2.0
4.0 2.3
6.0 2.9
8.0 3.5
10.0 4.0

Factors published in DOE Fuel Efficiency Booklet : The economic thickness of insulation

MAIN MENU

BACK to calculator
he economic thickness of insulation for hot pipes
Pipe heating capacity in W/m from steel coils to air at 1

BACK to calculator
m from steel coils to air at 10 - 21oC
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETT

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K


bar g 0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
KEN FROM
DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


sg vf vg
Saturated Steam Pressure @ 100% Load bar g

Total condensate backpressure bar g

Secondary Inlet Temperature C


Secondary Outlet Temperature C

Stall Load %

Created by Keith McFarland - SxS Inc.


Steam Temp (C)

Stall Chart ###

120

100
Secondary Fluid
80 Steam
60 Backpress temp
Atmospheric
40 Stall Point

20

0
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
Load (%)
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp 0 deg C


Approximate pressure bar g
SATURATED STEAM TABLE TAKEN FROM
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING & DESIGN (JOHN J. McKETTA)

Enter gauge pressure

Pressure Temp ENTHALPY kJ/kg ENTROPY kJ/kg K SPEC VOL m3/kg


bar g 0.0 C
o hf hfg hg sf sfg sg vf vg
bar a

Superheat

Enter on saturation Temp 0 deg C


Approximate pressure bar g