Sie sind auf Seite 1von 31
Unit 1 Sports and Fitness 1 Unit 2 Skin Deep 2 Unit 3 Animals in
Unit 1 Sports and Fitness 1 Unit 2 Skin Deep 2 Unit 3 Animals in

Unit 1

Sports and Fitness

1

Unit 2

Skin Deep

2

Unit 3

Animals in Danger

3

Review 1

The Lost World

5

Unit 4

Violent Earth

5

Unit 5

Islands and Beaches

7

Unit 6

Ancient Mysteries

8

Review 2

The Serengeti

9

Unit

7

Global Addictions

10

Unit 8

Legendary Voyages

12

Unit 9

Stories of Survival

13

Review 3

The Forbidden City

14

Unit 10

All in the Mind

15

Unit 11

Art and Life

16

Unit 12

Medical Challenges

18

Review 4

Banks of the Seine

19

Unit 13

Words and Pictures

20

Unit

14

Love

and Attraction

21

Unit 15

Food and Health

22

Review 5

Mystic Waters

24

Unit 16

Design and Engineering

25

Unit 17

Human Journey

26

Unit 18

Conservation Challenges

27

Answer Key

Answer Key Unit 1 Sports and Fitness Warm up (p.11) 1. Answers will vary. 2. Answers
Unit 1
Unit 1

Sports and Fitness

Answer Key Unit 1 Sports and Fitness Warm up (p.11) 1. Answers will vary. 2. Answers

Warm up (p.11)

1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

3. Answers will vary.

1A The World’s Game

Before You Read (p.12)

A.

1.

T

2. T

3. F

4. T

B.

Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.15)

a.

A. version

1.

 

b.

originated

c.

annually

2.

c

3.

Immigrants from the Balkans and

other countries bring the sport to

Australia.

4.

Australia, NG, Spain, North America, South Korea, Brazil, South Africa

5.

European teams

6.

d

7.

d

B. Asia: d, h Australia: b, e, g North America: a, c, f

Vocabulary Practice (p.16)

A.

1. enthusiastic

2. version

3. evolved

4. awarded

5. intense

B.

1. a

2. a

3. b

4. b

5. a

1B Pushing the Limit

Before You Read (p.17)

A.

1. Olympics

2. medal

3. train

4. athletes

B.

1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.20)

A.

1. a

2. c

3. fast-twitch fibers

4. It causes tiredness, muscle pain and difficult breathing.

5. a

6. Hemoglobin carries oxygen around the body.

7. d

8. Greg Louganis: b Louganismother: c Tegla Loroupe: a Sean McCann: d

9. b

B.

1. Marathon runners: b and e

2. Gymnasts: c and f

3. Both: a and d

Vocabulary Practice (p.21)

A.

1. champion

2. has increased

3. competed

4. adjust

5. attributes

6. psychologically

7. genetic

1C Our City Needs Sports

Before You Read (p.22)

A.

1. For

2. Newspaper. Editors and readers of the newspaper.

Unit 1
Unit 1

1

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology Reading Comprehension (p.23) A. 1. The need to build more housing

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Reading Comprehension (p.23)

A.

1. The need to build more housing estates.

2. b

3. reports, writing, bow, venue, sporting events, forced, international

4. The athleteslives are disrupted.

5. 2012

6. Hong Kong athletes have only won 3 Olympic medals / medal tally at international events is low.

There is need for housing / money should be spent on housing.

7. Infrastructure including talent identification programs and specialized training facilities

1.

2.

1.

2. Scholarships

8. Stellar

9. Because of lack of post-retirement employment or study options

Explore More (p.24)

A.

1. d

2. a

3. b

4. c

5. c

B.

1. automatically

2. evolved

3. attributes

4. adjust

5. generate

6. enhances

7. prospect

8. intense

9. data

10. genetic

Unit 2
Unit 2

Skin Deep

7. prospect 8. intense 9. data 10. genetic Unit 2 Skin Deep Warm up (p.25) 1.

Warm up (p.25)

1. Answers will vary.

2. Physical appearance doesnt count as much as someones personality and character.

3. Common approaches include cosmetics, beauty treatments, and cosmetic surgery.

2

Unit 2
Unit 2

2A What is beauty

Before You Read (p.26)

A.

Answers will vary.

B.

1. c

2. d

3. b

4. e

5. a

Reading Comprehension (p.29)

A.

1. spans

2. good-looking people make more money

i.

ii.

they get called on more often in class

iii.

they are perceived as friendlier

3. Larger eyes, fuller lips, a smaller nose

and a smaller chin

4. cultures

5. c

6. a

7. Yes: beauty does not always conform to a single uniform standard. //

beauty can be altered by all sorts of

expectations.

No: it is human nature to look for certain (preferred) features // qualities in a mate. (or any logical answers related to the ideas in text)

B.

1. 4,000

2. money

3. make more money

4. a preference

5. cultural

6. Peru

Vocabulary Practice (p.30)

A.

1. conform

2. fundamental

3. devote

4. alter

5. predominantly

6. notion

B.

1. uniform

2. genders

3. mat

4. subjective

Answer Key

Answer Key 2B Unmasking Skin Before You Read (p.31) A. 1. b 2. a 3. d

2B Unmasking Skin

Before You Read (p.31)

A.

1. b

2. a

3. d

4. c

B.

1. b

2. d

3. a

4. c

Reading Comprehension (p.34)

A.

1. p r o t e c t s u s f r o m e x t r e m e s of temperatures, damaging sunlight, harmful chemicals, and dangerous infections;

i.

ii.

keeps the brain in touch with the outside world.

2. Our skin

3. changed completely

4. New Zealand — Positive: full facial

tattoos, called moko, are still used to identify the wearer as a member of a certain family (and to symbolize the person’s achievements in life). (lines

45–48)

Japan — Negative: tattoos are still strongly associated with criminals (lines 53–54) West Africa — Positive: scarring… symbolizes that a male has matured from a child into an adult. (lines 67–

70)

Australia — Positive

5. c

6. b

7. aware of

a.

b.

difficult to see

c.

industrialized

B.

1. b

2. a

3. e

4. c

5. d

Vocabulary Practice (p.35)

A.

1.

2.

crucial

mature

3. denoted

4. bravery

5. leisure

6. permanent

7. fade

8. chemical

B. 1. criminal

2. leisurely

3. permanent

Explore More (p.36)

A. 1. eyebrows

2. lashes

3. mask

4. silicon

B. 1. notion

2. subjective

3. crucial

4. devote

5. conforms

6. predominantly

7. Chemicals

8. alter

9. uniform

10. permanent

Unit 3
Unit 3

Animals in Danger

8. alter 9. uniform 10. permanent Unit 3 Animals in Danger Warm up (p.37) 1. Over

Warm up (p.37)

1. Over 40,000 species appear on the World Conservation Union’s list of endangered plants and animals. Common examples are the big cats, pandas, wolves, some whales and elephants.

2. Habitats become changed by human activities or by environmental factors.

3. Answers will vary.

3A Panda Protectors

Before You Read (p.38)

A. 1. C

2. D

3.

A

4.

B

Unit 3
Unit 3

3

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology B. 1. 2,500,000 U.S. dollars 2. They are high maintenance animals

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

B.

1. 2,500,000 U.S. dollars

2. They are high maintenance animals and money must be sent to China.

Reading Comprehension (p.41)

A.

1. d

a.

2. T

b.

NG

c.

F

d.

T

3. b

4. boost (line 81)

5. c

6. Eliminating the need to raise pandas in captivity.

7. a

8. c

B.

1. three

2.

3.

4. few years / decade

5. population

visits / visitors expensive

Vocabulary Practice (p.42)

A.

1. restoration

2. dramatic

3. precious

4. accommodation

5. scarce

B.

1. b

2. b

3. b

4. a

5. a

3B Cats in Crisis

Before You Read (p.43)

A. T

1.

2.

F

3.

T

4.

T

5.

F

B. Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.46)

A.

1. Protecting snow leopards: a, d, e Killing snow leopards: b, c

4

2. close by a. b. distinctive Unit 3
2. close by
a.
b.
distinctive
Unit 3

3. The herdersanimals

4. d

5. a

6. The leopard had killed one or two animals many times.

7. solve

8. They are earning money for the community.

9. c

10. b

B. 1. Himalayan Homestays: b, c, d, f

2. Snow Leopard Enterprises: a and e

3. Both: g

Vocabulary Practice (p.47)

A. 1. reward

2. incentive

3. drag

4.

5.

6. landscape

enforce

reverse

3C Our Precious Animals

Before You Read (p.48)

A. 1. Chairperson of the schools Nature

Club.

2. 3 (join group, respect habitats, refuse products made from threatened or endangered species)

Reading Comprehension (p.49)

A. 1. d

2. Chinese white and pink dolphins

3. c

4. Join a nature group and learn about endangered animals.

2. Volunteer to protect them (by helping in emergency situations).

3. Participate in tree-planting and

1.

beach clean-up days.

5. Haven

6. They often end up in the sea.

7. may be challenging traditions or avoiding some useful medicines.

8. By treating your animals well.

9. There are plenty of other delicious foods and equally effective medicines.

Answer Key

Answer Key 10. May I ask you to recall the last time you saw a wild

10. May I ask you to recall the last time you saw a wild animal in Hong Kong? / Incredible, right? So what can we all do to keep Hong Kong a safe haven for our animal guests and residents?

Explore More (p.50)

A. 1. predator

2. prey

3. jaws

4. branch

B. 1. scarcity

2. precious

3. incentive

4. reversal

5. drag

6. hesitate

7. landscape

8. estimated

9. restored

10. rewarded

C. 1. They are both predators with keen senses of hearing, sight and smell.

2. Answers will vary.

Review 1

The Lost World

and smell. 2. Answers will vary. Review 1 The Lost World A. Across: 1. evolve  

A.

Across:

1. evolve

 

4.

data

9.

external

10.

mate

12.

enthusiasm

14.

subjective

16.

notion

17.

award

18.

alter

19.

permanent

 

Down:

1. enormous

2.

fade

3.

intense

5.

fundamental

6.

attribute

7.

eliminate

8.

chemical

11.

crucial

13.

trend

15.

drag

B.

Brazil

three million

tepuis

2,700

Angel Falls Pemon Poisonous frog The Lost World

Biodiversity

Vocabulary Building 1 (p.56)

A. species

1.

2.

extinct

4. ecosystem

3.

endanger

5.

6.

vulnerable

habitat

B. capability

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

C. capable

2.

disable

probability

stable

vulnerable

responsible

likeability

probable

vulnerability

availability

stable

Unit 4
Unit 4

Violent Earth

vulnerability availability stable Unit 4 Violent Earth Warm up (p.57) 1. Some natural disasters such as

Warm up (p.57)

1. Some natural disasters such as tornadoes, floods, and hurricanes are weather- related. However, this unit deals with seismic natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis.

2. Answers will vary.

3. Yes. Earthquakes in China and tsunami in Japan.

Review 1 Unit 4
Review 1
Unit 4

5

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology 4A The Ring of Fire Before You Read (p.58) A. 1.

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

4A The Ring of Fire

Before You Read (p.58)

A.

1. active

2. earthquake

3. eruption

4. evacuate

5. explosion

6. summit

7. scared

B.

1. Mount Fuji in Japan and Popocatepeti in Mexico

2. Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.61)

A. Japan and Mexico

1.

2.

c

3.

c

4.

a.

unpreventable / unavoidable

b.

signs

5.

Ash and smoke were seen coming from the mountain.

6.

c

7.

People who live near El Popo

8.

All; except pray to their ancestors

B. Mount Fuji: c and g El Popo: a,b and f Both: d and e

Vocabulary Practice (p.62)

A.

1. ancestors

2. inevitable

3. disastrous

4. holy

5. abandon

6. dawn

B.

1. witnessed

2. displaced

3. expands

4. monitored

4B When the Earth Moves

Before You Read (p.63)

A.

1. T

2. T

3. F

4. F

6

Unit 4
Unit 4

B. The author believes that in the future earthquakes will be predictable.

Reading Comprehension (p.66)

A.

1. c

2. b

3. b

4. approximately (line 58)

a.

b.

preceding (line 70)

5. Koshun Yamaoka: b Naoyuki Kato: c A scientist in Parkfield: a

6. Yes: It appears from the research being done all over the world that earthquakes are not entirely random. No: At present, no scientists have ever accurately predicted any earthquakes. (or any logical answers related to the ideas in the text)

B.

a. f (62)

b. b (62–63)

c. e (69)

d. a (70–71)

e. d (74–78)

f. c (81–90)

Vocabulary Practice (p.67)

A.

1. drill

2. schedule, randomly

3. tracking

4. precise

5. preceding

6. zone

B.

1. laboratory

2. identical

3. detect

Explore More (p.68)

A.

It started in Sumatra, Indonesia. It traveled to the east coast of Africa.

B.

1. displacing

2. witnesses

3. zone

4. disaster

5. monitor

6. detect

7. abandon

8. inevitably

Answer Key

Answer Key C. 1. Answers will vary. 2. Answers will vary. Unit 5 Islands and Beaches

C.

1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

Unit 5
Unit 5

Islands and Beaches

will vary. 2. Answers will vary. Unit 5 Islands and Beaches Warm up (p. 69) 1.

Warm up (p. 69)

1. Answers will vary.

2. Some famous beaches include Bondi Beach in Australia; Daytona Beach in Florida, USA; Waikki Beach in Hawaii; and the beaches of Phuket in Thailand.

3. Islands, especially isolated and exotic ones, provide a place with a slower pace and unspoiled nature. Their romantic atmosphere makes them perfect for honeymooners.

5A The Best of Brazil

Before You Read (p.70)

A. Answers will vary but should pertain to the beaches in the photographs.

B. A travel writer researching beaches.

1.

2.

Answers may be related to the answers to A.

Reading Comprehension (p.73)

A. (travel writer) Stanley Steward

1.

2.

Six

3.

The beach is a way of thinking and living.

4.

a

5.

Prainhas beach: a and c The beach at Maceió: b

6.

d

7.

c

8.

a prison, a national park

9.

It has the perfect balance of sand, sea and sky. The water is pale blue and warm. The sand is the color of honey. And there is that hint of wildness the writers seeking.

B. 5

Praia do Leão b

1

Copacabana a, e

4

Maceió d

2

Prainha f

3

Jericoacoara c

Vocabulary Practice (p.74)

A.

1. isolated

2. ultimate

3. eager

4. pursuit

5. destination

B.

1. prohibited

2. spoiled

3. rank

4. diverse

5. magnificence

5B Island Explorations

Before You Read (p.75)

A. 1.

C

2.

D

3.

B

4.

A

B. 1.

Iceland

2.

a. 310,000

b. 100,000

c. 1,000

d. 4°C or 40°F

e. 22

Reading Comprehension (p.78)

A. c

1.

2.

b

3.

adventure trips organizer

4.

Skiing and Relax in steaming hot water

5.

c

6.

The Mid-Atlantic fault that is pulling

the island apart.

B. Labeling from top to left to bottom right:

b (Thingvellir), d (Reykjavik), f (Blue Lagoon), c (Gullfoss), e (Vik), and a (caves near the Vatnajokull glacier).

Vocabulary Practice (p.79)

A.

1. vast

2. converted

3. vehicle

4. architectural

5. visible

Unit 5
Unit 5

7

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology B. a. cure b. monster c. mild d. tension e. migrate

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

B.

a. cure

b. monster

c. mild

d. tension

e. migrate

5C The Tourists Fly in to Play

Before You Read (p.80)

A.

1. Hong Kong (Mai Po / Shek O / Po Toi / Deep Bay)

2. Birds

Reading Comprehension (p.81)

A.

1. a

2. Wade around Mai Po

1.

2. Eat some Red Pargo

3. Black-naped Tern: Black shoes and Sings a beautiful song Black-headed Gull: Very loud and Fearless

4. They are compared to a black netbecause there are many of them and the birds are huge.

5. the leopard of the sky

6. d

7.

8. a

9. Line 37 (But an alert is raised)

10. Flapping feather (line 42) / frantic flappers (line 48)

c

Explore More (p.82)

A. As sea levels rise with global warming, the low islands may be below the surface of the water.

B.

1. isolated

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

vast

diversity

destination

tensions

visible

ultimately

pursuit

eager

C. Some atolls are less than 5 meters high. Whether they can be saved depends on how much sea levels rise.

1.

2. Answers will vary.

8

Unit 6
Unit 6
Unit 6
Unit 6

Ancient Mysteries

1. 2. Answers will vary. 8 Unit 6 Unit 6 Ancient Mysteries Warm up (p.83) 1.

Warm up (p.83)

1. Answers will vary, but for more information see http://science.nationalgeographic.com/ science/archaelogy

2. Answers will vary, but for more information see http://science.nationalgeographic.com/ science/archaelogy

3. Answers will vary, but for more information see http://science.nationalgeographic.com/ science/archaelogy

6A Silent Stones

Before You Read (p.84)

A. associate

1.

2.

puzzles

3.

artifact

4.

legend

5.

Evidence

B. An astronomical calendar

A

A place where sick people were cured

cemetery

Reading Comprehension (p.87)

A.

1. world

2. b

3. Parker Pearson refers to the Malagasy

culture to explain his theory that Durrington is the domain of the living and Stonehenge is a place of the dead.

4. c

5. c

6. deposited

a.

b.

avenue

7. d

8. They believe that Stonehenge may have been a center for health and healing.

9. mystery / secrets and purpose / origin

B.

1. F

2. T

Answer Key

Answer Key 3. F 4. F 5. T Vocabulary Practice (p.88) conflict with Homo sapiens sapiens

3. F

4. F

5. T

Vocabulary Practice (p.88)

conflict with Homo sapiens sapiens (modern humans) and volcanic eruption.

Vocabulary Practice (p.93)

A. 1. domain

A.

1. unique

2.

transport

2. cousins

3.

deposit

3. abnormally

4.

graves

4. phenomenon

B. 1. trace

 

5. inspection

2. definitely

6. contrary

3. motive

B.

1. shrinking

4. cite

2. adapt

5. inspired

3. astonishing

6B The Lost Cave

Before You Read (p.89)

A. 1. human

2. Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens and Homo floresiensis

3. The adults were much smaller than either modern humans or an earlier form (Homo erectus). The skeletal material was found with stone tools and the remains of an extinct relative of elephants.

B. 1. Homo Floresiensis

2. Flores, Indonesia

3. They were very small.

Reading Comprehension (p.92)

A. 1. a.

T

b.

F

c.

NG

2. c

3. Homo erectus

4. Scientists believed that the Homo

erectus may have designed and sailed

boats.

5. a

B. 1. Flores, Indonesia

2. 95,000 to 13,000 years ago

3. short (about one meter); forehead and jaw similar to Homo erectus

4. several theories regarding resources, no selection for larger size

5. tool making, hunting

6. Not known, but theories include

4. minimized

Explore More (p.94)

A. Answers will vary.

B.

1. astonished

2.

3.

deposits

4.

5.

6.

inspired

8.

9.

7.

graves

phenomenon

inspecting

unique

Contrary

cousin

definitive

C. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

10.

1.

Review 2

The Serengeti

vary. 2. Answers will vary. 10. 1. Review 2 The Serengeti A. Across: 1. vehicle  

A.

Across:

1. vehicle

 

5.

pursuit

7.

tension

8.

cite

10.

spoiled

13.

mild

15.

magnificent

16.

drill

17.

deposit

19.

expand

20.

eager

 

Down:

2. inevitable

3. vast

4. prohibited

Review 2
Review 2

9

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology 6. ultimate a. 2 9. monitor b. 21 10. schedule c.

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

6.

ultimate

a. 2

9.

monitor

b. 21

10.

schedule

c. 12

11.

domain

d. 25

12.

precise

e. 13

14.

dawn

18.

rank

B.

Conservation

Tanzania

1.5 million

zebras

April

Maasai

Olduval Gorge

Leakey

handyman

Earth in Motion

Vocabulary Building 2 (p.100)

A.

1. heated

2. pressure

3. rise

4. cracks

5. layers

6. spread

7. formed

8. dives

B.

1. Take

2. Take

3. Take

4. Take

5. break

6. break

7. take

8. take

9. Take

10. Take

11. Take

12. take

13. take

14. break

15. take

16. take

17. take

18. break

19. take

20. take

21. break

22. break

23. break

24. break

25. break

10

Unit 7
Unit 7
Unit 7
Unit 7

Global Addictions

break 24. break 25. break 10 Unit 7 Unit 7 Global Addictions W a r m

Warm up (p.101)

1. Examples: caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, gambling, and computer games.

2. Addictions to work and exercise are OK if they are not excessive.

3. Answers will vary.

7A The World’s Favorite Drug

Before You Read (p.102)

A. 25 mg

2.

3.

50 mg

4.

80 mg

5.

200 mg

6.

57 mg

7.

294 mg

8.

130 mg

B. Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.105)

A.

1. b

2. losing sleep

a.

3. T

b.

F

c.

NG

4. enough

5. b

6. a

7. For: The writer writes, Caffeines behavioral effects are real, but more often, mild. (or any logical answers related to the ideas in the text)

B.

1. Lose sleep

2. Counters physical fatigue

3. Eases pain by reducing muscle inflammation

4. Creates headaches / causes physical dependence

5. Fights illness including cancer

Answer Key

Answer Key Vocabulary Practice (p.106) A. 1. contradictory 2. depend 3. awakened 4. furthermore 5.

Vocabulary Practice (p.106)

A.

1. contradictory

2. depend

3. awakened

4. furthermore

5. abusing

6. severe

7. exhibits

8. fluctuating

B.

1. a

2. b

3. b

4. b

5. b

7B Addicted to Fossil Fuels?

Before You Read (p.107)

A.

1. Footwear, toys, garden tools, storage containers.

2. For electricity, heat, and the means of powering transport.

B.

1. Solar, wind and nuclear.

2. Nuclear.

Reading Comprehension (p.110)

A. b

1.

 

2.

cost, weather, darkness

3.

a.

ideal

b.

advocates

4.

c

5.

Wind power / Wind energy

6.

The turbines / wind towers would destroy the high-quality landscape.

7.

The turbines dont work well if there is no wind or too much wind. The turbines are noisy and ugly.

8.

d

9.

Yes: If combinations of these sources are used, along with other power sources. No: Each source alone has its shortcomings.

10.

d

B. Nuclear: d Wind: a, f, g Solar: b All: c

Vocabulary Practice (p.111)

A.

1. finite

2. substitute

3. equivalent

4. utilize

5. dispose

B. 1. a

2. b

3. a

7C Is Nuclear the Best Alternative?

Before You Read (p.112)

A. 1. Two

2. Two

Reading Comprehension (p.113)

A.

1. a.

Safe

b.

Unsafe

c.

Safe

d.

Safe

2. In the wake of

3. They were exposed to the equivalent of a thousandth of the amount of radiation utilized in a standard radiotherapy course.

4. a. adverse

b. exaggerated

c. standard

5. Supporters of nuclear energy

6. a.

T

b. F

c. NG

7. a town with no inhabitants

8. a

Explore More (p.114)

A. 1. d

2. a

3. c

4. b

B. 1. utilize

2. substitute

3. finite

4. dependable

5. advocate

6. equivalent

7. capacity

Unit 7
Unit 7

11

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology 8. guarantee 9. fluctuating 10. Furthermore C. 1. Answers will vary.

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

8. guarantee

9. fluctuating

10. Furthermore

C. 1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

Unit 8
Unit 8

Legendary Voyages

will vary. 2. Answers will vary. Unit 8 Legendary Voyages W a r m u p

Warm up (p.115)

1. Answers will vary but might include voyages of Ibu Battuta, Leif Erikson, Marco Polo, Magellan, and Columbus.

2. Answers will vary.

3. Some possibilities are voyages under the poles and in space.

8A Treasure Fleet

Before You Read (p.116)

A. 1. armada

2. ports

3. trading fleets

4. admiral

B. All; except Did Zheng He reach Americal?

Reading Comprehension (p.119)

A. 1. Sailors, government officials, doctors, cooks, merchants, and interpreters.

2. Seven

3. c

4. a.

True

b. False

c. NG

5. 5, 4, 6, 1, 2, 3

6. c

7. d

8. The new emperor of China wanted to terminate all foreign exploration (in 1422).

9. legacy, engagement

B. 1371: Ma He was born 1402: Ma He renamed Zheng He and given job as Admiral

12

Unit 8
Unit 8

1405: Zheng He departs on 1st voyage, lands in Vietnam 1422: End of Zheng Hes 6th voyage, new emperor comes to power with change in policy 1431: Final voyage to Africas East Coast, pilgrimage to Mecca 1433: On return voyage to China, Zheng He dies

Vocabulary Practice (p.120)

A.

1. fascinated

2.

3. subsequently

4. accumulated

5. departed

6. accompanied

7. terminated

8. coincided

via

8B Arabian Tales

Before You Read (p.121)

A.

Answers will vary.

B.

1. An explorer, recreate Sindbad s

voyages

2. By boat, 9,656km

3. All place names.

Reading Comprehension (p.124)

A. On behalf of: representing Comprised of: made up of

1.

2.

c

3.

Serendib (another name of Sri Lanka)

4.

Sindbad was carried to the valley by a giant bird.

5.

b

6.

Sindbads crew: a Severins crew: b, c

7.

Sad: the great adventure is ending. Happy: Omani peoples generosity and the determination of his crew made the voyage a reality.

B. Sindbad: c, e, f Severin: a Both: b, d, g

Answer Key

Answer Key Vocabulary Practice (p.125) A. 5, 4, 2, 1, 3 B. 1. tale 2. crew

Vocabulary Practice (p.125)

A.

5, 4, 2, 1, 3

B.

1. tale

2. crew

3. comprised

4. struggled

5. violent

6. crew

7. generously

8. accelerate

9. brief

Explore More (p.126)

A. People make journeys to religious places or to places that have special significance for them.

B.

1. comprises

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

subsequently

via

accumulation

commanded

tale

struggle

brief

depart

C. Answers will vary.

1.

2. Answers will vary. Unit 9
2.
Answers will vary.
Unit 9

Stories of Survival

vary. 1. 2. Answers will vary. Unit 9 Stories of Survival W a r m u

Warm up (p.127)

1. Answers will vary, but some types of life- threatening situations include natural disasters such as storms or earthquakes, accidents and incidents of violence.

2. Answers will vary.

3. Survival may depend on luck, preparedness, or determination.

9A An Ill-Fated Flight

Before You Read (p.128)

A.

1. The people include a sports team, their friends, and relatives, and the airplane crew.

2. In the Andes Mountains in Chile

3. To Santiago, Chile

4. Th e p l a n e c r a s h e s a n d s o m e passengers survive.

B. Although 29 people died in the airplane crash, 16 managed to survive, including 2 who sought help.

Reading Comprehension (p.131)

A. 1. People who died in the plane crash.

2. b

3. b

4. d

5. The plane could not be found. (or any logical answers related to the ideas in the text)

6. 1, 6, 4, 5, 3, 2

7. There were a few cans on the ground, and some farm animals in a field.

8. c

B. Friday, not Tuesday Uruguay, not Brazil 29, not 27 Two, not three 10, not 21 14, not 16

Vocabulary Practice (p.132)

A. 1. sustained

2. rational

3. steady

4. rescued

5. sew

6. urgent

7. volunteered

8. aircraft

9. tough

B. 1. rational

2. blanket

3. tough

4. steady

5. rescue

6. volunteer

9B A Photographer’s Quest

Before You Read (p.133)

A. 1. In an Afghan refugee camp in Pakistan in December 1984.

2. Steve McCurry, a photographer working for National Georgraphic.

Unit 9
Unit 9

13

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology 3. Her photograph was on the cover of National Geographic in

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

3. Her photograph was on the cover of National Geographic in June 1985.

B. 1. Her name and story.

2. Her photograph featuring her unique

eyes.

Reading Comprehension (p.136)

A. 1. d

2.

decade

3.

a. True

b. False

c. True

d. NG

4.

b

5.

d

6.

He travels to Pakistan for work.

7.

Gula had never seen it and she didn’t know that it had become a famous

image.

8.

National Geographic

9.

Steve McCurry: c Sharbat Gula: a and b Boyd Matson: d

B. a.

4

b.

8

c.

5

d.

1

e.

6

f.

7

g.

3

h.

9

i.

2

Vocabulary Practice (p.137)

A. 1. explosion

2. terror

3. mercy

4. border

5. wages

6. clinic

7. convinced

8. stable

9C Man Against Nature

Before You Read (p.138)

A. 1. True

2. True

3. False

14

Review 3
Review 3

Reading Comprehension (p.139)

A.

1.

Survival

2.

directed, catastrophe / disaster

3.

Through the grown Pis recollections.

4.

Make friends with Richard Parker.

5.

No, he doesnt. He thinks it can be easily mixed up with other Disney

 

films.

 

6.

a.

True

 

b.

NG

c.

False

 

7.

Special effects—leaping whales,

swarms of flying fish, savage storms and even a mysterious flesh-eating

island.

Explore More (p.140)

A.

1. b

2. d

3. a

4. c

B.

1. mercy

2. terror

3. endure

4. sustain

5. tough

6. convinced

7. mobilized

8. steady

9. rescue

10. tragedy

C.

1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

Review 3

The Forbidden City

A. Across: 1. advocate
A. Across:
1. advocate

4.

tragedy

6.

via

7.

tough

8.

volunteer

12.

guarantee

14.

coincide

16.

abuse

18.

mobilize

19.

crew

20.

terror

Answer Key

Answer Key Down: 1. accumulate 2. convince 3. endure 4. tale 5. explode 9. exhibit 10.

Down:

1. accumulate

2.

convince

3.

endure

4.

tale

5.

explode

9.

exhibit

10.

rescue

11.

temporary

13.

mercy

14.

clinic

15.

depart

17.

sew

B.

five

Nanjing

1925

paintings

Dragon throne

Super Harmony

Imperial Way

public square

Energy

Vocabulary Building 3 (p.146)

A.

1. utilized

2. civilizations

3. Industrial

4. urbanization

5. fossilization

6. global(ized)

7. organizations

8. realization

B.

1. overall

2. for instance

3. therefore

4. nevertheless

5. clearly

6. even though

7. later

8. furthermore

9. especially

10. so as

11. in conclusion

12. definitely

Unit 10

All in the Mind

as 11. in conclusion 12. definitely Unit 10 All in the Mind W a r m

Warm up (p.147)

1. Most people have few memories before age

3.

2. Love, hate, joy, or happiness, sadness or

sorrow, fear, guilt, surprise and excitement.

3. Apes such as chimps, monkeys, dolphins,

horses, parrots, dogs and cats.

10A A Mind of Your Own

Before You Read (p.148)

A. self-awareness

1.

2.

emotional

3.

recall

4.

Perception

5.

Behavior

B. A: Who am I? B: How do I remember? C: Why do I have emotions? D: Can I control how I feel?

Reading Comprehension (p.151)

A.

1. b

2. brain

3. They use powerful techniques to visualize the sources of thought, emotion, behavior and memory.

4. c

5. A stored pattern of connections between neutrons in the brain.

6. The hippocampus that helps form long-term memories is not fully developed at this stage.

7. d

8. Davidson wants to find out whether our mental activities and state of mind can be controlled. (or any logical answers related to the ideas in the text)

9. c

B.

1. c

2. a

3. d

4. e

5. b

Unit 10
Unit 10

15

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology Vocabulary Practice (p.152) Vocabulary Practice (p.157) A. 1. presumption

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Vocabulary Practice (p.152)

Vocabulary Practice (p.157)

A.

1. presumption

A.

2. transform

3. accomplish

4. underlying

5. visualize

6. reinforce

B.

1. flexible

2. presume

B

3.

4.

entity

welfare

10B How Smart Are Animals?

Before You Read (p.153)

1. revealed

2. mastered

3. primitive

4. dismiss

5. acknowledging

6. pronounces

7. extraordinarily

1. master

2.

3.

4. humble

5. acknowledge

6. abstract

simulate

reveal

A.

A

n sw e r s w i l l va r y, b u t c o m m o n

definition of intelligence is highly developed ability to think logically, to understand the world around you, and to learn things quickly

B.

Gray parrots (words, imitation, counting, zero concept), sheep and elephants (face recognition), chimpanzees (tool making, use), octopuses (emotions), and

border collie (linking vocabulary to photographs)

a

Reading Comprehension (p.156)

A.

1. b

2. d

3. around, think, feel

4. They change color.

5. imitation

6. (1) Alex can imitate almost 100 English words. (2) Alex has a basic understanding of the abstract concept of zero. (3) He can understand the concepts of same and different.

7. c

8. a

B.

1. tools

2. hunting

3. laugh

4. spit

5. 2-year-old

6. photographs

Explore More (p.158)

A.

Answers will vary, but sharks have a reputation for being predators.

B.

1. presume

C.

2. welfare

3. humble

4. extraordinary

5. transforming

6. simulate

7. flexible

8. dismissed

9. revealed

10. mastered

11. acknowledge

1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

Unit 11

Art and Life

will vary. 2. Answers will vary. Unit 11 Art and Life W a r m u

Warm up (p.159)

1. Answers will vary.

2. The reading covers this topic.

3. Answers will vary.

11A Color of Life

Before You Read (p.160)

A.

1. Answers will vary, but some colors excite while others calm people.

16

Unit 11
Unit 11

Answer Key

Answer Key 2. Food would be less appealing and some information would be harder to recognize.

2. Food would be less appealing and

some information would be harder to

recognize.

B. Red signals dominance and accelerates the heart rate. Yellow is highly visible and can be a stimulant or a caution signal.

Blue is neutral, calming, and inhibits

hunger.

Pink creates passivity.

Reading Comprehension (p.163)

A.

1. a

2. It makes the world more beautiful.

It conveys emotion and symbolize

power.

3. d

4. red

5. Red: Sports teamsuniforms: red

seems to be the color, across species, that signals dominance—giving those dressed in red an advantage in sporting events. (lines 40–43) Pink: Walls in prisons: Men in prison are reported to be more passive when the walls are painted a specific shade of pink. (lines 47–49) Yellow: yellow has been found to help children focus on their work and do better in school (lines 68–69) Blue: Sleeping pills // rooms

6. c

7. c

8. extracted from (line 10)

a.

b.

redden (line 32)

c.

caution (line 65)

d.

in control (line 78)

B.

a. yellow

b. blue

c. blue

d. red

e. blue

f. blue

Vocabulary Practice (p.164)

A. 1. highlights

2.

3. extracted

4. inhibitions

5. caution

bold

11B Master of Color

Before You Read (p.165)

A. principles

1.

2.

techniques

3.

portrait

4.

setting

5.

masterpiece

B. $80million – A Japanese businessman

Reading Comprehension (p.168)

A. They did not encourage him to become an artist, instead his father thought he should be a salesclerk or

1.

carpenter.

2.

a.

NG

b.

True

c.

NG

3.

b

4.

c

5.

Viewers of Van Goghs paintings / People in general

6.

a

B. a.

1

b.

5

c.

2

d.

3

e.

4

Vocabulary Practice (p.169)

A.

1. innovative

2. resisted

3. classical

4. appreciated

5. wandering

B.

1. a

2. a

3. b

4. a

5. a

11C A World Full of Wondrous Hues

Before You Read (p.170)

A.

1. Pau-la and Hung

2. Beijing and Hong Kong

Unit 11
Unit 11

17

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology Reading Comprehension (p.171) A. 1. Language barrier and missing his mom

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Reading Comprehension (p.171)

A.

1. Language barrier and missing his mom

2. They both migrated to a place with a new culture.

3. An art therapist guides a person through the creative process and helps him see his problems and how he is dealing with them.

4. a and b

5. Passive aggression

6. Gallery owner noticed his paintings and his Mother and Ling are arriving next week to stay

7. b

8. People who are sad or depressed

9. communicate, barrier, colorful, exhibited

Explore More (p.172)

A.

B.

C.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1.

2. wander

3. bold

4. cautions

5. highlights

6. appreciate

7. extracts

8. classical

9. package

1. Answers will vary.

2. Answers will vary.

Urban

distinctive

gallery

emerges

dimension

Graffiti

innovation

Unit 12

Medical Challenges

dimension Graffiti innovation Unit 12 Medical Challenges W a r m u p (p.173) 1. Answers

Warm up (p.173)

1. Answers will vary according to country, but some problem diseases include Ebola, AIDS, West Nile Virus, malaria, and bird flu.

18

Unit 12
Unit 12

2. Transplants, stem cell research, and nanotechnology. 3. Diseases spread rapidly with high death rates when antibiotics are not efficient against them.

12A Modern Medicine

Before You Read (p.174)

A. Deadly diseases such as cancer and infectious viruses, sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, general poor health and fitness.

1.

2.

I d e n t i f y t h e h u m a n g e n o m e , successful transplants, medications.

B. Answers will vary.

Reading Comprehension (p.177)

A.

1. b

2. c

3. tiny particles into a person (to cure a disease)

4. A technology that involves extremely small particles.

5. when exposed to UV light

a.

b.

the body and programmed to bond

 

only to a certain type of cancer cell.

 

c.

can then use a camera and locate the colored-particles and hence find the cancer cells.

6. It will be possible to detect and treat cancer at an early stage when

the cells are less resistant to drug

treatment.

7. Nanotechnology: c Technology used now: b Both: a

8. d

9. a

B.

1. F

2. F

3. T

4. T

5. T

6. F

Vocabulary Practice (p.178)

A.

1. priority

2. allocate

3. insert

Answer Key

Answer Key 4. multiply 5. Meanwhile 6. radical 7. bond 8. thoroughly 12B Virus Hunters Before

4. multiply

5. Meanwhile

6. radical

7. bond

8. thoroughly

12B Virus Hunters

Before You Read (p.179)

A. 1. China in 2003

2. Asia

3. Central Asia, Europe, India and Japan

B. Diseases that spread from animals to humans

Reading Comprehension (p.182)

A. 1. d

2.

a. the horses trainer, an assistant, and a veterinarian

b. the dead horse

3. True, False, NG, True

4. c

5. c

6. potentially (line 100)

7. To create vaccines for the diseases. To make the communities more aware of disease prevention and treatment

B. 1. animal habitats

2. travel

3. scratch

4. animal waste

5. eating

6. handshake

7. sneeze

Vocabulary Practice (p.183)

A. 1. root

2. transmitted

3. fever

4. victims

5. emergency

6. conservative

7. incidence

B. 1. b

2. a

3. a

4. b

5. b

Explore More (p.184)

A. Answers will vary.

B. poisonous

1.

2.

3.

4. roots

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

victims

fevers

bond

priority

extensive

emergency

multiplying

C. Answers will vary.

Answers will vary.

1.

2.

Review 4

Banks of the Seine

A. Across: 1. highlight
A. Across:
1. highlight

7.

resist

9.

victim

11.

passive

13.

master

15.

bond

16.

allocate

17.

greed

18.

acknowledge

19.

root

20.

entity

Down:

2. inhibit

3.

laser

4.

transmit

5.

fever

6.

incidence

8.

appreciate

10.

thorough

12.

welfare

14.

swell

B. Orsay Museum prison Sainte-Chapelle ice-cream Statue of Liberty Gustave

Review 4
Review 4

19

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology Cultural Heritage Vocabulary Building 4 (p.190) A. B. 1. administrative 2.

Reading Explorer: Theme-based Anthology

Cultural Heritage

Vocabulary Building 4 (p.190)