Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

Parameter and Statistics in Research

A parameter is a characteristic of a population. A statistic is a characteristic of a sample.

Figure 1.Illustration of the relationship between samples and populations.

For example, say you want to know the mean income of the subscribers to a particular
magazinea parameter of a population. You draw a random sample of 100 subscribers and
determine that their mean income is Rs 27,500 (a statistic). You conclude that the population
mean income is likely to be close to Rs 27,500 as well. This example is one of statistical
inference. Different symbols are used to denote statistics and parameters, as Table 1 shows.