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# REFRIGERATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING

INTRODUCTION TO REFRIGERATION

## Prof. RAVI KUMAR

MECHANICAL & INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING
Definition of Refrigeration
What is Refrigeration?
How it is different from cooling?
Unit of Refrigeration.

## Prof. RAVI KUMAR Department of Mechanical &

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Industrial Engineering
Unit of Refrigeration
One Ton of Refrigeration
Heat extraction rate from 1 Ton of water at 32 oF to
convert 1 Ton of ice at 32 oF within a period 24 hrs.
Ton or Tonne
1 Tonne = 1000 kg
1 Ton (UK) = 1016 kg
1 Ton (US) = 2000 lbs = 907.2 kgs

## Prof. RAVI KUMAR

3
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
Unit of Refrigeration
1 Tons of Refrigeration (TR) = 12000 BTU/h
BTU: It is the amount of work needed to raise the
temperature of one pound of water by one degree
Fahrenheit.
1 BTU = 0.2522 kCal

## 1 kCal = 3.966 BTU

1 BTU = 1055 J
Prof. RAVI KUMAR
4
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
Unit of Refrigeration
1 Tons of Refrigeration (TR) = 12000 BTU/h
1 Tons of Refrigeration (TR) = 12000 0.2522 kCal/h
1 Tons of Refrigeration (TR) = 50.44 50 /

1.055
1 Tons of Refrigeration (TR) = 12000 = 211 /
60
211
1 Tons of Refrigeration (TR) = = 3.517 3.5
60
Prof. RAVI KUMAR
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Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
Carnot Cycle
Carnot cycle for power generation
Reverse Carnot cycle
Heat Pump v/s Electric Resistance Heater
Vapour as refrigerant in reverse Carnot cycle

## Prof. RAVI KUMAR

6
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
Methods of Refrigeration
Ice refrigeration
Dry Ice Refrigeration
Evaporative Refrigeration
Expansion of Air
Throttling of Gases

, =

Vapour compression refrigeration

## Prof. RAVI KUMAR

7
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering
THE END

## Prof. RAVI KUMAR

8
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering