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Radio Access Network

Architecture
Jussi Tuominen
3GPP Release 99 Reference Architecture

Node B
Iu-
CS
RNC SS7 SS7
SMSC
/VLR GMSC
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN
RNC
Iu- Gn Gi
Node B PS
Uu Iub

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
UMTS Terrestial Radio Access Network
(UTRAN)

WCDMA Radio Interface Key Change from GSM


UTRAN elements are comparable to GSM BSC & BTS
Common Interface (Iu) for both PS and CS Core
Core elements do not change dramatically
- 3G SMSC/VLR provides ATM based Iu-CS interface
- 3G SGSN supports ATM based Iu-PS interface

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


UTRAN Architecture
Hierarchical Architecture
Node B
Radio Network Subsystem
RNC (RNS)
Node B UTRAN Elements:
Uu Iub Iu- Radio Network Controller
Iur CS
Node B (Base Station)

Node B One RNC controls number of


Node Bs
RNC
Iu-
Node B is only connected to
Node B PS one RNC
Uu Iub RNS
New interface Iur for
UTRAN Macrodiversity

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Macro Diversity

Node B
Iu
RNC
Softer Handover
Node B 1 BS
Uu Iub
Iur
UE 1 RNC
Node B

RNC

Node B
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Macro Diversity

Node B
Iu
RNC
Soft Handover
Node B Number of BSs
Uu Iub
Iur
UE 1 RNC (MDC)
Node B

RNC

Node B
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Macro Diversity

Node B
Iu
SRNC
Soft Handover
Node B Number of BSs
Uu Iub
Iur
UE 1 Serving RNC (MDC)
Node B
Number of Drift RNC
DRNC

Node B
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Macro Diversity

Node B
Iu
SRNC
SRNC Anchoring
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
UE Iu
Node B

DRNC

Node B
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Macro Diversity

Node B
Iu
RNC
SRNC Relocation
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
UE Iu
Node B

SRNC

Node B
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Node B
Standardisation term (normally called as Base Station)
Comparable to Base Tranceiver Station in GSM
Responsible for Air Interface Layer 1
Key Node B Functions:
Modulation and spreading
RF Processing
Inner-loop power control
Rate matching
Macro diversity combining/splitting inside Node B

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Radio Network Controller (RNC)
Comparable to Base Station Controller in GSM
Responsible for L2 processing of user data
Responsible for Radio Resource Management
Key RNC Functions:
Closed loop power control
Handover control
Admission control
Code allocation
Packet scheduling
Macro diversity combining/splitting over number of
Node Bs
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
General Protocol model for UTRAN

Radio Control Plane User Plane


Network
Layer Application Data
Protocol Stream(s)

Transport Transport Network Transport Network Transport Network


Network User Plane Control Plane User Plane
Layer
ALCAP(s)

Signalling Signalling Data


Bearer(s) Bearer(s) Bearer(s)

Physical Layer

Lhde: 3GPP TS25401-380

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


3GPP Release 99 Reference Architecture

Node B
Iu-
CS
RNC SS7 SS7
SMSC
/VLR GMSC PSTN
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Iu- Gn Gi
Node B PS
Uu Iub

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Radio Access Network Application Part
(RANAP)

Key RANAP functions:


Radio Access Bearer (between UE-CN)
RAB Set-UP
RAB Modification
Clearing RAB
Iu Bearer Release
SRNC Relocation
Paging Commands

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Lhde: 3GPP TS 25410-360
Iu-CS
Radio Control Plane User Plane
Network
Layer
RANAP Iu UP Protocol
Layer

Transport Transport Network Transport Network Transport Network


Network User Plane Control Plane User Plane
Layer
Q.2630.1

SCCP Q.2150.1

MTP3b MTP3b
SSCF-NNI SSCF-NNI

SSCOP SSCOP

AAL5 AAL5 AAL2

ATM

Physical Layer

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Lhde: 3GPP TS 25410-360
Iu-PS
Radio Control Plane User Plane
Network
Layer Iu UP Protocol
RANAP Layer

Transport Transport Network Transport Network Transport Network


Network User Plane Control Plane User Plane
Layer
SCCP

M3UA
MTP3-B
GTP-U
SCTP
SSCF-NNI
SSCF-NNI UDP

SSCOP IP IP

AAL5 AAL5

ATM ATM

Physical Layer Physical Layer

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Lhde: 3GPP TS 25410-360
3GPP Release 99 Reference Architecture

Node B

RNC SS7 SS7


SMSC
/VLR GMSC PSTN
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Gn Gi
Node B
Uu Iub
Iu- CBC
BC

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Iu-BC

Radio SA Broadcast Plane


Network
Layer SABP Protocol Between RNC and
Layer
Common Broadcast
Center CBC
Transport Transport Network
Network User Plane Service Area
Layer
Broadcast Protocol
(SABP)

TCP

IP

AAL5

ATM Lhde: 3GPP TS 25410-360

Physical Layer
Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
3GPP Release 99 Reference Architecture

Node B
Iu-
CS
RNC SS7 SS7
SMSC
/VLR GMSC PSTN
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Iu- Gn Gi
Node B PS
Uu Iub

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Radio Network Subsystem Application Part (RNSAP)

Key RNSAP Functions:


Radio Link
Management (between SRNC and DRNC)
Reconfiguration (between SRNC and DRNC)
Supervision (reports from DRNC to SRNC)
Common Control Channel (CCCH) Signalling Transfer
Paging
Relocation Execution

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Iur
Radio Control Plane User Plane
Network
Layer RNSAP Iur Data
Stream(s)

Transport Transport Network Transport Network Transport Network


Network User Plane Control Plane User Plane
Layer ALCAP(Q.2630.1)

SCCP STC (Q.2150.1)

MTP3-B M3UA MTP3-B M3UA

SSCF-NNI
SSCF-NNI SCTP SSCF-NNI
SSCF-NNI SCTP
SSCOP IP SSCOP IP
AAL5 AAL5 AAL2

ATM

Physical Layer

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Lhde: 3GPP TS 25420-340
3GPP Release 99 Reference Architecture

Node B
Iu-
CS
RNC SS7 SS7
SMSC
/VLR GMSC PSTN
Node B
Uu Iub Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Iu- Gn Gi
Node B PS
Uu Iub

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
Node B Application Part (NBAP)

Key NBAP Functions:


Cell Configuration Management
Common Transport Channel Management
System Information Management
Configuration Verification/Alignment
Measurements on Common Resources
Radio Link Management & Supervision

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Iub
Radio Network Transport User Plane
Control Plane Network
Control Plane

PCH FP
RACH FP

DSCH FP
USCH FP
FACH FP

CPCH FP
Node B

DCH FP
Radio Application Part
Network (NBAP)
Layer

ALCAP
Q.2630.1

Q.2150.2
Transport
SSCF-UNI SSCF-UNI
Layer
SSCOP SSCOP

AAL Type 5 AAL Type 5 AAL Type 2

ATM

Physical Layer

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Lhde: 3GPP TS 25420-340
3GPP Release 99 Reference Architecture

Node B
Iu-
CS
RNC SS7 SS7
SMSC
/VLR GMSC PSTN
Node B
Uu Iub
Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Iu- Gn Gi
Node B PS
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
3GPP Release 4 Reference Architecture

Nb
SMSC GMSC
Node B
Iu- Server Server
CS Mc
RNC Mc
Nc SS7

Node B MGW MGW PSTN


Uu Iub
Iur
HLR EIR Auc
UE
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Iu- Gn Gi
Node B PS
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002
3GPP Release 5 Reference Architecture

Node B MGCF SGW


Mg Mc PSTN
RNC Cx
HSS CSCF MGW
Node B Mr
Uu Iub
Iur Gr MRF
UE Gi Mm
Node B
SGSN GGSN PDN
RNC
Gn Gi
Iu-
Node B PS
Uu Iub
RNS

UTRAN Core Network


Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002 NOTE: Standardisation on-going!
SS7 signalling in UMTS Core

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6WUHDP&RQWURO
7UDQVPLVVLRQ3URWRFRO
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MTP-3 User Part MTP-3 User Part MTP-3 User Part MTP-3 User Part

MTP-3 MTP-3 B MTP-3 B M3UA

MTP-2 SSCF SSCF SCTP

MTP-1 SCCOP SCCOP IP

AAL5 AAL5

ATM G.804

$70RYHU6'+ $70RYHU3'+

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Lhde: 3GPP TS 25420-340
MTP3 User Adaptation Layer (M3UA)

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WKDWSURYLGHVIXQFWLRQVUHTXLUHGE\
VLJQDOLQJDSSOLFDWLRQSURWRFROV MTP-3 User Part

M3UA
,(7)LVFXUUHQWO\VWDQGDUGLVLQJILYH SCTP
DGDSWDWLRQVXEOD\HUV03$08$ IP
08$68$DQG,8$
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VHUYLFHVIURP08$

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

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GHOLYHU\RIGDWDLWRIWHQDGGVXQQHFHVVDU\
 VLJQDOOLQJDQGWKXVFDXVHVXQZDQWHG
GHOD\RIVHUYLFH

7&3DSSOLFDWLRQVKDYHDQLQFRQYHQLHQFH MTP-3 User Part


 UHTXLUHPHQWWRPDQDJHDQGPDUNWKH
VHTXHQFHQXPEHUVRIHDFKSDFNHW M3UA

7KHOLPLWHGVFRSHRI7&3VRFNHWVGRHVQRW SCTP
 VXSSRUWWKHGDWDWUDQVIHUFDSDELOLW\XVLQJ
PXOWLKRPHGKRVWV IP

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 WKH7&3LVUHODWLYHO\YXOQHUDEOHWRGHQLDO
RIVHUYLFHDWWDFNVVXFKDV6<1DWWDFNV

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

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 VLJQDOOLQJPHVVDJHV
:KDWGRHV
6&73GR" MTP-3 User Part
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 IRURUGHURIDUULYDOGHOLYHU\RILQGLYLGXDO
PHVVDJHV SCTP

IP

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 VXSSRUWLQJPXOWLKRPLQJ

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 UHVLVWDQFHWRIORRGLQJDQGPDVTXDUDGH
DWWDFNV

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

%\WHV ELWV

:KDWLVWKH Source Port Number Destination Port Number  5RZ


VWUXFWXUHRI6&73" MTP-3 User Part

Verification Tag 
M3UA

Checksum  SCTP

IP
Chunk Type Chunk Flags Chunk Length 



Chunk Value field 
( information to be transferred in the chunk)
1

6&73+HDGHU
6&733D\ORDG HJ08$PHVVDJH

Jussi Tuominen 30.1.2002


MAP CAP INAP
T CAP B S S AP R ANAP
S CCP B ICC IS UP
M3UA H.248 RT P
S CT P (16+B ytes ) T CP (20)UDP (8)
IP v4 (20 bytes ), IP v6 (40 bytes )
Gbe,AT M, etc.