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Light it up

Light it up

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You are on page 1of 10

Light It UP!

NAME ___________________________

Light It Up is the newest attraction at the Springfield Fair. In this game, a laser pointer slides

along a string at a height of 1.5 m from the ground. A 10-cm platform is positioned 25 cm from

a wall, and a mirror is placed on top of the platform, parallel with the ground. The object is to

slide the laser pointer so that when the beam is reflected off the mirror, it will hit a target that is

1 m off the ground, as shown below.

A player is given just one attempt to hit the target. If she does, she then tries to hit a target that

is 3 m off the ground. And if she hits that one, too, she tries for a target that is 10 m off the

ground. If she hits all three, she wins the Grand Prize: a DVD player and a DVD copy of Itchy

and Scratchys Greatest Hits.

Bart and Lisa have played the game several times, yet they havent been able to hit the target.

Lisa is sure that there must be a mathematical equation that would allow them to determine the

correct position for the laser pointer.

There is such an equation, it is a special kind known as a rational function. Before you can

help Lisa and Bart win this game, you must first understand the behavior of these functions.

1

Problem 1 Climbing the Wall

The Climbing Wall is a popular event at the Springfield Fair. The wall is 100 meters high. Bart

can climb at a rate of 8 meters per minute, but other participants climb at different speeds.

1.2 Complete the Nspire spreadsheet to determine how much each time it takes to climb to

the top of the wall.

1.3 Insert a scatter plot of the data by choosing menu, 3 (Graph Type), 4 (Scatter Plot). Insert

the x and y values by using the donut to bring up the variables and enter. Draw a sketch of

what the graph looked like.

Discuss the behavior of the function with your teammates. You should discuss the domain, the

range, and any limiting values of the function. Summarize your discussion below.

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

2

Problem Two Trip to the Fair

Ms. Crabapple, a teacher at Springfield Elementary, is sponsoring a school trip to the fair. The

total cost for transportation, parking and entrance fees is $1200. The total cost will be divided

among all the students who go on the trip.

2.1 Complete the Nspire spreadsheet to determine how much each student must pay to cover

the expenses.

2.2 Insert a scatter plot of the data by choosing menu, 3 (Graph Type), 4 (Scatter Plot). Insert

the x and y values by using the donut to bring up the variables and enter. Graph your data

and sketch the graph here.

Discuss the behavior of the function with your teammates. You should discuss the domain, the

range, and any limiting values of the function. Summarize your discussion below.

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

3

Discussion of Problems One and Two

A. With you teammates, discuss the following questions. Be as specific as you can in your

explanations.

a. How are the equations in Problems 1 and 2 the same? How are they different?

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

b. How are the graphs in Problems 1 and 2 the same? How are they different?

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

functions are quotients of two polynomial functions. In other words, if f(x) is a rational

function, then

p( x)

f ( x)

q( x)

where p ( x) and q (x ) are polynomial functions, and q (x ) 0.

In this activity, we will only look at cases in which p ( x) and q (x ) are linear functions

4

Problem Three A Closer Look at the Trip to the Math Fair

Ms. Crabapple was just informed that the new attraction, Light It Up, will cost an additional $5

per student

3.1 Discuss with you team members how this new information will change the amount each

student will have to pay. Complete the Nspire spreadsheet on page 3.1 to reflect this

information and graph the data on page 3.2 using a scatterplot

3.2 Insert a scatter plot of the data by choosing menu, 3 (Graph Type), 4 (Scatter Plot). Insert

the x and y values by using the donut to bring up the variables and enter. Sketch the graph

here.

a

y c

xb

If your equation is not in this from, rewrite your equation in this form _____________________

5

Discussion of Problem Three

A. What is the domain of the function in problem 3? How does it relate to the problem

situation?

B. What is the range of the function in problem 3? How does it relate to the problem

situation?

C. Describe the difference between the graphs in problems 2 and 3. How is this difference

reflected in their equations?

D. Study your graph. How are the values of b and c from your equation in problem 3

reflected in your graph?

6

Problem Four An Even Closer Look at the Trip to the Fair

Ms. Crabapple just received some more information. The trip must include chaperones. She

decides that ten sixth-graders will serve as chaperones, and the chaperones will not be

required to pay for their trip. The expenses of the chaperones will be covered by the other

students.

4.1 With your teammates, discuss how this new information will change the amount each

student has to pay. Complete the spreadsheet on page 4.1 to reflect this new information.

4.2 Insert a scatter plot of the data by choosing menu, 3 (Graph Type), 4 (Scatter Plot). Insert

the x and y values by using the donut to bring up the variables and enter. Graph your data

and sketch the graph here.

A. What is the domain of the function in problem 4? How does it relate to the problem

situation?

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

7

B. What is the range of the function in problem 4? How does it relate to the problem

situation?

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

C. Use your equation for problem 4 to extend the graph to include negative values.

Describe the difference between the graphs in questions 2,3, and 4. How is this

difference reflected in their equations?

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

a

D. If your equation in not in the form y c , rewrite it so that it is.

xb

________________________________

E. How are the values of b and c from your equation in problem 4 reflected in your

graph?

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

8

Problem Five:

a

Write an equation in the form y c for the following rational function.

xb

a.________________________________ b.______________________________

c.________________________________ d.______________________________

9

a

e. Algebraically, how can you determine the value of a in the equation y c for the

xb

graphs in problem 5 a d ?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

a

f. Use your explanation in part (e) to determine the value of a in the equation y c for

xb

the graphs in 5(a) through 5(d).

5(c): a = ________________________ 5(d): a = ________________________

g. What do you notice about the value of a for your answers to 5 and 5(d) that is different

from your answers for 5(a) an 5(b)?

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

10

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