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TERHAD

5 (a) Able to fill in the blanks with the correct words 2 marks
Answer:
mass, space
jisim, ruang
Remarks:
Each correct answer - 1 mark

(b) (i) Able to identify the state of matter in P and Q 2 marks


Answer:
P : Liquid
Cecair
Q : Gas
Gas

(ii) Able to state the differences in the the characteristic 2 marks


of P and Q
Sample answers:
P1 - Arrangement of particles /P is closer than particle Q
Susunan zarah / P lebih rapat daripada zarah Q
P2 - Movement of particles/Q move faster/random than P
Pergerakan zarah / Q bergerak lebih cepat /
rawak daripada P
[Accept any differences in the characteristic]
Remarks:
Any two differences - 2 marks Total 6 marks
One difference - 1 mark

6 (a) Able to state the colour of the universal indicator and 2 marks
give an explanation
Answers:
P1 -Unchange
Tidak berubah
P2 - Water is neutral
Sebab air tulen adalah neutral
[Accept any correct reason]

Remarks:
Colour with reason - 2 marks
Colour only - 1 mark
Reason only - 1 mark

P55B1 1/3 TERHAD


TERHAD

(b) Able to draw and use the diagram to explain electrolysis 4 marks
Sample Answers:
P1 - Electrolysis of water
Elektrolisis air
P2 - Break down / separate the water into its elements
by directing an electric current through it
Memecahkan / memisahkan air kepada unsur-unsurnya
dengan adanya pengaliran arus elektrik

Remarks:
Labelled diagram - 2 marks
Diagram only - 1 mark
State process and explain - 2 marks
State only process - 1 mark Total 6 marks

P55B1 2/3 TERHAD


TERHAD

7 (a) Able to state the meaning of minerals 1 mark


Answer:
Elements or compounds which are found naturally in the Earth's crust.
Unsur atau sebatian yang didapati secara semula jadi dalam kerak Bumi.

(b) Able to differ which mineral is harder by a simple method. 1 mark


Answer:
Scratching each other.

[Accept any possible answer]

(c) (i) Able to write a word equation for the decomposition 2 marks
of calcium carbonate:
Answer:
Calcium carbonate Calcium oxide Carbon dioxide
+
Kalsium karbonat Kalsium oksida Karbon dioksida
Heated
Dipanaskan
[Accept only word equation]

Remarks:
Correct reactant - 1 mark
Correct product - 1 mark

(ii) Able to write a word equation for the decomposition 2 marks


of any metal sulphide:

Sample Answer:

Iron sulphide Iron oxide Sulphur dioxide


+
Besi/Ferum sulfida Besi/Ferum oksida Sulfur dioksida
Heated
Dipanaskan
[Accept only word equation]

Remarks:
Correct reactant - 1 mark
Correct product - 1 mark Total 6 marks

P55B1 3/3 TERHAD