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# For Example 4.7. loop in Fig. 4.

21(b) gives
2
i (2)  0.4 A 3  5i
28
4.4 Source Transformation CLASS ROOM PROBLEMS 137
and S.SREEKANTHA REDDY
TUTORIAL-2

## 4.17.transformation to findvov0  8(0.4)of Fig 3.2 V

8i circuit vx
the circuit of1.Fig.
Use source in the Example 4.64 1
Alternatively, since the 8- and 2- resistors in Fig. 4.18(c) are+
2 3
in parallel, they have the same voltage vo across + them. Hence,
e sources to obtain the circuit 3A 2 2 vx + 18 V
3V +
d 2- resistors in series and v4  (8 3 A 8  2 +
+
o 2)(2 A)  8 vo (2)  3.2 V
12 V
ives us Fig. 4.18(b). We now 10
parallel to get 2-. We also (a)
Thus, Figure 4.17
es to get a 2-A source.ale80571_ch04_127-174.qxd
Find
2. Findthe
ations, we obtain i0 in
ithe
o in
circuit
the shown
circuitFigure
of
in ForinExample
circuit
Fig. 4.21
4.19 using
below using
11/30/11 12:51 PM Page 138
source transformation.
4.6.source transformation.
Practic
For Example 4.7: Applying source transformation to the circuit in Fig. 4.20.
5V 1
+
4 2 io
Applying KVL to the loop cont
+ 6 5A 3 7 3A 1-4
resistor, and vx yields
8 vo 3 1384 A Chapter 4 Circuit Theorems
3  1i  vx 
Figure 4.19
Substituting this into Eq. (4.7.1
3. (a) Example
For Practice Prob. 4.6. 4.7
Use source transformation to find vx in the circuit of Fig Find vx in Fig. 4.20 using sou
15  5i  3  i 
i A. Solution:
+ + Alternatively, we may apply K
3
The circuit in Fig. 4.20 involve
vo 4A 8 vo 2 2A resistor, the voltage-controlled
0.25vx source. We transform this dep
2 voltage source in Fig. 4.21(b).
independent voltage source as
) (c) + source is v  4i  vx 
not xtransformed 18
beca
+ 2 vx + 18 V resistor. The two 2- resisto
6V Thus, vx  3  i  7.5 V.
resistor, which is in parallel w
source is transformed to a vo
8(c) to get Figure 4.20 Notice that the terminals for
ForinExample
4. Find ix in the circuit shown 4.7.source transformation.
Practice Problem 4.7
below using loopsource
Use in Fig.transformation
4.21(b) gives to fi
0.4 A 3  5
ix

 3.2 V
24 mA 10 + 2ix vx
4 1
+
 resistors in Fig. 4.18(c) are
vo across them. Hence, Figure 4.22 +
For Practice
3 A Prob. 24.7.
2 vx + 18 V
3V +

2
(2)  3.2 V
0
(a)
source transformation. Practice Problem 4.6
Figure 4.21
For Example 4.7: Applying source transformation to the circuit in Fig. 4.20
1
io 1
Applying KVL to the loop con