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This is the complete list of Sun Solaris Commands.

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/etc/defaultrouter
Defines the systems default routers. Values must be separated with whitespace, # can be used for
comments.
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/etc/hostname.interface
Contains the hostname of the system and should match the hostname defined in the /etc/hosts file. The
file is
named with the interface name, such as hostname.hme0 or hostname.le0
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/etc/hosts
Configures names and aliases of IP-addresses. Fields should be separated with Tab or white space.
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/etc/inetd.conf
Is the Internet server database, used by the inetd daemon, which contains a list of available network
services.
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/etc/inittab
Is a script used by init. Controls process dispatching.
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/etc/nodename
Specifies the real hostname for the system.
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/etc/nologin
Is a text file message that is shown to the user who tries to log on during a system shutdown process.
After the
message appears the log on procedure ends.
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/etc/nsswitch.conf
Specifies how the lookup for different databases is done and in what order.
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/etc/resolv.conf
Configures DNS name servers to use for hostname lookups.
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a2p
Transforms awk scripts to perl scripts, and shows the result on STDOUT.
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ab
Benchmarks your Apache server by sending requests to it.
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ab_admin
Manages an AnswerBook card catalog database through a shell-level interface. Will enable
administrators to
delete, add, list, verify and modify AnswerBook entries.
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accept
Enables the printer queue specified to receive print requests.
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accessx
Configures the keyboard for use by people with disabilities. Requires OpenWindows version 3.4 or
later.
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acctcms
Reads one or more files, adds the records for processes that execute commands that have the same
name ,
and then shows a summary.
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acctcom
Reads files, STDIN, or /var/adm/pacct, and searches the files for account information. Shows the
information as
described by acct to STDOUT.
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acctcon
Reads login/logoff records from STDIN and converts them to total accounting records.
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acctcon1
Converts login/logoff records into ASCII. It reads from STDIN or the wtmp file in /var/adm/.
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acctcon2
Reads the ASCII records created by acctcon1 and converts them into total accounting (tacct) records.
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acctdisk
Converts information regarding transferred disk blocks by userID or login name by reading the
accounting file
(usually /var/adm/pacct) and then creates total accounting records.
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acctdusg
Calculates disk resource consumption for users. Reads from STDIN.
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acctmerg
Merges or adds accounting files in the total accounting (tacct) or ASCII format.
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accton
Outputs process accounting to the specified file. If no file name is given, will turns process accounting
off.
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acctprc1
Converts information created with acct and adds the login names that corresponds with the user IDs.
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acctprc2
Reads records from STDIN in the format created by acctprc1, and sorts them by ID and name, and
shows the
result to STDOUT.
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acctwtmp
Writes an UTMP record with the current time and a string of characters that describe the reason, into
specified
file.
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adb
Provides a controlled environment to examine files. Is an interactive debugger to examine core files.
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addbib
Creates, modifies, or updates a library database of information. After executing addbib it will give step-
by-step
instructions and prompt for necessary information.
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add_drv
Installs new device drivers in the computer and assigns device names.
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admin, sccs-admin
Manages SCCS history files. SCCS history files have the form s.filename.
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admintool
Manages users and groups accounts in an X window environment. Also manages printers and allows
installed
software to be viewed.
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afbconfig
Configures AFB Graphics Accelerators and some X11 window defaults.
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alias
Creates an alias for a command. If options aren't specified it will show all aliases.
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aliasadm
Manages NIS+ aliases maps.
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alloc
Shows how much memory is used and is free.
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allocate
Assigns and manages device allocation and ensures that each given device is used by only one user at a
time.
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answerbook
Starts the AnswerBook browser where you can search for information online.
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answerbook2
Starts up a browser and show online documentation from an AnswerBook2 server.
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answerbook2_admin
Starts the Answerbook administration GUI interface in your default web browser and shows the URL
http://localhost:8888 the management port for the AnswerBook server.
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appletviewer
Executes Java applets outside the browser and shows them in a separate window.
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appres
Shows how much resources a specific application will use.
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apptrace
Traces function calls that a specific program makes to shared libraries.
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apropos
Shows all manual pages that contain the specified keywords, including the section number and a short
description.
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ar
Creates and updates library files. It combines files into a single archive file.
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arch
Shows the hardware architecture of the current host. All SunOs 5.x SPARC based systems report as
sun4.
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arp
Shows and alters the ARP table which is used to map MAC addresses to their assigned IP addresses.
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as
Is an assembler that will create object files using assembly language source files as input.
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asa
Converts FORTRAN carriage control output to a printable format.
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aset
Is a set of utilities used for security administration named Automated Security Enhancement Tool
(ASET).
Enables the administrator to analyze system files for permissions and attributes.
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aset.restore
Resets system files to the same state as they where before ASET was installed.
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aspppd
Is a daemon that provides PPP services to connect to remote hosts. Automatically starts the connection
when a
PPP request is made.
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aspppls
Initiates the link manager to allow incoming calls. This command is the actual login service that
connects the
incoming client to aspppd daemon on the host server.
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at
Schedules commands to be executed at a later time.
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atq
Shows any queued at jobs for the current user or for a specified user.
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atrm
Removes jobs from the at or batch queues.
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audioplay
Plays audio files and can copy a specified audio file to an audio device.
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audiotool
Records, plays and edits audio data. Used only in X-window.
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audit
Manages the behavior of the audit daemon auditd.
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auditconfig
Configures the audit parameters used by the kernel in order to use auditing.
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auditd
Is the daemon that manages auditing and uses the audit control file to set working environment.
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auditreduce
Selects and merges audit records collected from audit trail files.
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auditstat
Shows kernel audit statistics as well as other useful information about the kernel.
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autoload
Marks the function for auto loading.
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automount
Installs mount points automatically upon user requests. It associates automount maps to an installed
mount
point.
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automountd
Is the daemon that manages mount and unmount requests made by autofs.
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autopush
Configures a list of modules that will be automatically streamed when a device is opened.
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awk
Scans the input file or files for lines that match the specified pattern in 'scriptstr' or from a file.
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banner
Shows the specified strings in large letters on STDOUT.

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basename
Removes the prefix and suffix from a string and shows the output to STDOUT.
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bash
Is the GNU Bourne-again shell. It's compatible with the Bourne shell, with additional functions from
Korn and C-
shell.
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batch
Executes commands at a future time when the system load level permits. The commands is read from
STDIN.
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bc
Reads a file or STDIN and uses a C-like arithmetic language. Acts as a pre-processor for the command
dc.
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bdconfig
Configures the SunButtons and SunDials stream, autopush facility, and the serial device to use with the
stream.
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bdftopcf
Compiles a font for the X server and the font server. It converts BDF-fonts into PCF-fonts.
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bdiff
Compares files that are too large for the command diff.
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bfs
Scans big files to identify sections and can be used like ed. Default it will show the size of the file.
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bg
Places the specified job in the background.
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biff
Enables or disables mail notification. If no arguments are used, shows the current status.
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bind
Shows or bind key sequences to a readline function or macro.
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binder
Binds applications, print methods, icons, colors or open methods to files.
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bindkey
Binds keys to an edit command in the shell. Without any options, shows all bindings.
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break
Exits from a for, foreach, while, select or until loop.
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builtin
Forces the use of a shell built-in command.
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builtins
Shows all built-in commands in tcsh.
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bunzip2
Decompresses bzip2 compressed files.
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busstat
Collects statistics and show buss performance counters.
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bye
Leaves the shell. It's the same as exit.
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bzcat
Decompresses a bzip2 compressed file to STDOUT.
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bzip2
Is used to compress, decompress or test bzip2 files.
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bzip2recover
Recovers data from a damaged bzip2 compressed file.
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cachefslog
Shows where the statistics for CacheFS are logged. Can also redirect the log or stop logging altogether.

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cachefspack
Compresses or decompresses files and file systems located in cache.
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cachefsstat
Shows various cache statistics like hits and misses about a cache file system that is mounted on a
particular
path.
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cachefswssize
Shows the workspace size and the total cache size statistics for the specified cache log file.
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cal
Shows the calendar for a selected month in the year, or the entire year.
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calctool
Is a graphic desktop calculator that you can use with the mouse or the keyboard.
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calendar
Reads your calendar file and shows any notes that you have entered for today and tomorrow.
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cancel
Kills print requests to printers or printerpools. It stops print requests related to the user name on any
host or
specifies a print request to stop.
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captoinfo
Searches file for termcap descriptions and shows the equivalent terminfo description with any
comments.
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case
Matches each pattern successively against the word and run the commands when the first match is
found.
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cat
Shows files and can also combine several files into one file.
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catman
Creates and manages the manual pages and the windex database that contains short command
descriptions.

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cc
Works as an interface for the BSD Compatibility Package C compiler. It only works if the SPROcc
development
package is installed.
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cd, chdir
Changes the working directory. If no directory is specified $HOME is used.
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cdc, sccs-cdc
Alters the delta commentary of an SCCS delta. It can also be used to explain the commentary.
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cfsadmin
Is a disk space administration utility for use with the Cache File System (CacheFS).
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chargefee
Is an accounting command that is used to charge units to a login.
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check-hostname
Checks to see if the host has a fully qualified host name which is needed by sendmail.
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check-permissions
Checks permissions on sendmail files. Warns if permissions are not safe.
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checkeq
Creates a report of wrong or lost delimiters and equation start/end markers (EQ/EN).
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checknr
Checks nroff and troff files for errors such as missing delimiters and unknown commands.
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chgrp
Sets or changes the group ID for the file or files specified.
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chkey
Alters a user's secret key pair and secure RPC public key.
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chmod
Alters or assigns permissions to a file.
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chown
Alters the ownership ID of files and also sets the group ID if it is specified.
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chroot
Alters the root directory for a command.
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ckdate
Prompts the user for a date format and then verifies the response.
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ckgid
Prompts the user for a group ID and verifies the answer.
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ckint
Prompts the user for an integer and then verifies the answer.
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ckitem
Creates a menu and then prompts the user to select a menu option that will then be verified. Use this to
define
prompt, help, and error messages, and to define a default value.
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ckkeywd
Prompts the user for a keyword and then verifies the response.
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ckpacct
Sets the maximum file size for the process accounting file.
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ckpath
Prompts the user for a path and verify the answer.
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ckstr
Prompts the user for a response and verifies the answer.
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cksum
Calculates the checksum (CRC) and number of octets for each input file.

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cktime
Prompts the user for a time format and then verifies the response.
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ckuid
Prompts the user for a valid user name and verifies the answer.
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ckyorn
Prompts the user for a yes or a no and verifies the answer.
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clear
Clears the screen of all information if not disabled by your terminal environment.
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clear_locks
Removes file, record and share locks that were made by an NFS client.
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clinfo
Shows information about the cluster configuration on the node the command was executed.
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closewtmp
Places a false DEAD_PROCESS record into the file /var/adm/wtmp for each user logged in. It is then
used by
the command runacct to track each users connection time.
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clri, dcopy
Clears inodes by writing zeros on the specified inode number.
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cm
Is the OpenWindows calendar manager. Useful in many ways as a reminder and scheduler.
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cmap_alloc
Creates custom color maps for X11 clients that need to run programs that can not use the default color
map.
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cmap_compact
Reduces color map flashing by assigning color values towards the high end of 255 in the default color
map.
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cmdtool
Opens an enhanced terminal window that is used to run programs or shells.
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cmp
Compares two files of any type and shows the line number and byte where the files differ.
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cm_delete
Removes an appointments from the cm Calendar Manager.
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cm_insert
Inserts an appointment into the cm Calendar Manager.
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cm_lookup
Finds your appointments in the cm Calendar Manager.
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col
Converts spaces to Tabs or Tabs to spaces in text files to create or modify columns.
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colorchooser
Allows you to change colors of icons for use in an X window environment.
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comb, sccs-comb
Creates a script that re-creates and combines older versions of SCCS files, s.files. All changes are saved
in
deltas, together with a version identification line (SID).
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comm
Compares two files and shows you the unique and common lines from both files.
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command
Executes the command and will disable lookup functions in the current shell. Can also give information
on how
the command will be interpreted by the shell.
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complete
Declares how a command should be completed.
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compress
Compresses the size of a file and replaces the old file with a new file with the extension .Z. The new
file will
inherit the same permissions and modification times from the original file
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comsat, in.comsat
Listens for incoming mail and notifies users that have asked to be told when new mail comes (biff y).
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consadm
Shows console messages to the terminal or screen specifed. Can show messages on many screens at
one
time.
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constype
Shows the type of Sun console you are using by showing the Sun code.
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continue
Doesn't run the remaining commands in the loop and continue to the next iteration. Can be used in the
commands for, while, until, select and foreach.
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conv_lp
Converts line printer configuration from a directory to an output file.
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conv_lpd
Converts LPD configuration files between the printers.conf and the printcap formats.
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coreadm
Manages the core files in the system.
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cp
Copies files and directories to a new destination.
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cpio
Copies files into and out of a cpio archive. It operates in three different modes.
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cpp
Is a C language preprocessor that insert include files in the source code of the source file creating a
single file.
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cpustat
Collects CPU statistics and shows performance counters.
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cputrack
Uses CPU counters to monitor how a process behaves on the system.
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crash
Examines the image of the system memory of a currently running or crashed system.
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crle
Creates and displays runtime linking configuration files. If used with no or the -c option, it displays the
configuration file. Otherwise, a new file is created.
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cron, crond
Starts the cron daemon used to execute commands at scheduled dates and times specified in the crontab
file.
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crontab
Views, creates, deletes, or edits the crontab file which contains a list of jobs including the time and date
they will
execute. If option isn't given read from STDIN.
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crypt
Encrypts or decrypts a file. Uses STDIN and STDOUT.
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csh
Is the C shell command interpreter, which uses a syntax similar to the C language.
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csplit
Splits all or part of a file into other files in the way specified by your arguments.
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ct
Dials a phone number to a terminal modem and initiates a login process to that terminal.
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ctags, etags
Inserts tags into programming source code files f that can act as markers making it easier to find section
headings quickly and edit them using ex or vi.
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ctlmp
Generates a PostScript format version from text files. Use it when you want to print text files.
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cu
Connects to a terminal on another UNIX system or even a non-UNIX system
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cut
Selects fields or columns from a text file or a table and shows the result to STDOUT.
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date
Shows current date and time or sets the date and time on your computer.
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dbmmanage
Manages DBM files with usernames and passwords to authenticate HTTP users.
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dc
Is a calculator that use reverse-polish notation. It use a stack to performs calculations.
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dd
Copies and converts an input file to an output file.
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deallocate
Disables access of a device for a user.
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delta, sccs-delta
Saves the changes made to an original SCCS file and creates a new deltaID for that version. The SCCS
utilities
is a programming feature that helps to keep track of changes and versions.
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deroff
Removes macro calls, requests, table descriptions, and backslash constructs from the specified nroff,
troff, tbl,
eqn, or text files and shows the result to STDOUT.
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devattr
Shows the attribute values for a device.
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devfree
Frees a device from exclusive use that was assigned exclusive use by the devreserv command.
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devfsadm
Is used to create, update, and configure any /dev or /devices entries in the system.
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devfsadmd
Manages any device configuration done by the command devfsadm.
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devfseventd
Manages services for kernel event notification used by the devfsadmd command.
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devinfo
Is used to show device specific and device partition information.
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devlinks
Creates /dev entries for various devices by creating symbolic links between the /dev directory tree and
the
device nodes in the /devices tree.
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devnm
Shows the location where the device is mounted.
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devreserv
Reserves devices for exclusive use. To remove the reservation, use the devfree command.
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df
Shows used and free disk space for all file system or the one specified.
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dfmounts
Shows information about mounted devices.
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dfshares
Shows list of shared resources available from remote or local systems.
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dhcpagent
Is the client daemon for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

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dhcpconfig
Starts the DHCP service configuration utility.
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dhcpinfo
Shows DHCP information that is configured on your host and your network interfaces.
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dhcpmgr
Is a graphical user interface used to manage the DHCP service on the local system.
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dhtadm
Manages the DHCP configuration table.
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diff
Compares two text files in every line.
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diff3
Compares the difference between three files.
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diffmk
Compares two versions of a troff input file and then creates a third file.
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dircmp
Compares two directories and shows a file list of the differences between them (unique files).
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dirname
Shows everything up to the last level of the given path name.
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dirs
Shows the directory stack with the most recent one to the left.
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dis
Reads an object file and creates a list of assembly statements. The binary data is shown in octal or
hexadecimal.
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disable
Disables the printer specified from receiving additional print jobs sent by using the lpcommand.
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disable
Disables names in the hash table. If no option is given, shows all disabled names.
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disks
Creates /dev entries for hard disks attached to the system.
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disown
Removes the specified job from the active job list.
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dispadmin
Shows or changes the parameters of the process scheduler on a running system.
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dispgid
Shows a list of all the available groups that are defined on the system, one group per line.
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dispuid
Shows a simple list of all valid user names on the system, one line per name.
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dmesg
Shows diagnostic messages on STDOUT.
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dminfo
Shows updates and information about a device in the device_maps file.
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docviewer
Is an X window application used to view Answer Book online documentation.
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dodisk
Runs disk accounting functions and is normally started by the cron command.
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domainname
Sets or shows the domain your system is configured for.

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dos2unix
Converts text files from DOS format into the ISO standard format. With this you can import your old
DOS
textfiles.
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download
Adds host resident fonts to files, and shows results on the STDOUT.
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dpost
Converts files that have been created by troff into PostScript files and shows the result on STDOUT.
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drvconfig
Configures the /devices directory.
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dsdm
Manages drag-and-drop operations in an X window environment for databases.
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ds_server_init
Reduces color map flashing within applications that requires colors by restricting applications to use
colors.
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dtaction
Allows non-CDE applications and shell scripts to be run in the X window environment.
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dtbuilder
Makes it easier for developers to create applications that work well in the CDE.
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dtchooser
Allows the user to choose host to login to. Is used by dtlogin and is not intended to run manually.
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dtcodegen
Creates C, Motif, and CDE source code files from Builder Interface Language (BIL) files.
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dtconfig
Integrates CDE with the operating system.
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dtconvertvf
Converts VUE 3.0 action file-type database files into CDE 1.0 format. For the files to be recognized by
CDE, the
files must be named with .dt extension.
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dtcreate
Creates actions and data types used to integrate applications into the CDE.
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dterror.ds
Shows error messages from applications or actions that cannot be shown in the context of the
executable
program.
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dtexec
Executes command actions. Is mostly used by the CDE and should not be started by users.
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dtfile
Is the CDE file manager. It is used to view, and manage the file system.
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dtfile_copy
Copies folders and subfolders with their content to the target folder. It deletes a file in the target folder
if that file
does not exist in the source folder.
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dtfile_error
Shows an error dialog based on the specified message.
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dtksh
This is a CDE extended version of the Korn shell. It gives access to many X, Xt, Xm, and CDE
functions.
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dtlp
Prints out a file specified. Is a command-line front-end to lp.
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dtmail
Is a mail utility to read, send, and manage mail. It supports MIME, and Sun Mail Tool message
formats, as well
as IMAP4, to access remote mailboxes.
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dtpad
Edits text files in the CDE environment.
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dtpower
Manages system power.
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dtprintinfo
Shows the print queue and print job status.
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dtscreen
Is the CDE screen saver utility.
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dtsearchpath
Sets the search paths for where the desktop is to look for application manager groups, filetypes and
action
definitions.
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dtstyle
Manages desktop styles.
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dtterm
Emulates a screen window. VALUE is always a minus (-) or a plus (+) symbol. Default is always the
plus symbol
except when using the -aw, -J, or -sb option.
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dtwm
Is the CDE Window manager, which is based on the OSF/Motif window manager mwm.
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du
Shows disk usage for a directory and its subdirectories.
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dump
Takes selected parts of the object file arguments and dumps them.
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dumpadm
Configures the crash dump of the operating system.
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dumpcs
Shows the printable characters of the current locale.
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dumpkeys
Shows the contents of the keyboard translation tables on STDOUT.
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echo
Copies the written string to the screen. Exist as internal in all shells.
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echotc
Is used to exercise the terminal capabilities arguments.
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ed
Is a line based editor. It is often used to edit files automatically in a script.
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edit
Is a line based text editor for casual users. It works like ex with novice, report, and showmode set to on.
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edquota
Manages user quotas for a ufs file system.
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eeprom
Show or changes the values of parameters in the EEPROM.
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egrep
Shows lines form the file that matches the given pattern using full regular expressions.
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eject
Ejects floppies and CD's from their drives. Only works for VM-managed devices and devices without
eject
buttons.
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elfdump
Shows information from selected parts of an object file.
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emulate
Emulates other shells with Z-shell. C-shell will not be fully emulated.
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enable
Enables printers to print requests from the lp command. Runs only on the print server.

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enable
Enables or disables bash internal commands.
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env
Alters the current environment and invokes a utility or shows the current environment.
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eqn, geqn
Preprocesses files for troff which contain mathematics equations.
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erritem
Shows error messages that are used with the command ckitem.
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error
Inserts compiler error messages into a source file.
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eval
Reads the argument as input to the shell and runs the resulting commands.
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ex, e
Is a line base text editor. It is able to work on several files at the same time.
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exec
Runs a command in place of the current shell. Usually another shell.
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exit
Exits a shell or shell script with an exit status
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expand
Replaces Tabs with spaces in text files. If no input files are specified STDIN will be used.
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export
Exports a shell variable to environment.
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exportfs
Translates exportfs options to share/unshare commands. Without options it shows a list of all currently
shared
NFS file systems.
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expr
Evaluates an expression and show the result to STDOUT.
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exstr
Extracts strings from source files written in the C language surrounded by double quotes.
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face
Shows your files and folders on the screen. It uses a system of menus and forms.
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factor
Finds the prime factor of a number. Also shows if the number is a prime factor.
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false
Provides a false value in scripts, does nothing but always exits with a non zero-value.
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fastboot
Restarts the system but does not take the time to write data in memory to the disks.
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fasthalt
Stops the system immediately.
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fbconfig
Configures frame buffer attributes and shows information about them.
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fc
Reruns, edits or lists commands that have recently been used. With no options, edits and runs the last
command.
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fdformat
Formats new diskettes.
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fdisk

Creates or alters the disk partition table on your internal hard drive. You must specify rdevice, which is
the raw
device to a fixed disk.
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fdl
Manages font information on printers connected to Solaris hosts. It also allows users to manage printer
maintenance.
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ff
Shows file names and statistics for a file system.
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ffbconfig, SUNWffb_config
Configures the FFB Graphics Accelerator.
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fg
Resumes the execution of a stopped job in the foreground. Without an argument the current job is used.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fgrep
Shows lines form the file that matches the given pattern.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
file
Performs tests on each file that you have specified to determine what file type it is.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
filemgr
Is a GUI-based file management application. Alters file permissions and creates folders in your file
system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
filesync
Synchronizes files between different computers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
filetest
Tests a file for different things.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
find
Finds files in the specified directories and subdirectories using the Boolean expression from the input
line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
finger, safe_finger
Shows information about logged in users.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

firewall
Turns off IP forwarding and prevents route information from being visible by starting
/usr/etc/in.routed.asetoriginal with the -q flag.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fmgc
Manages the garbage collection and hierarchy information for users. These hierarchy files are created
by the
program filemgr and stores information about directories visited by users.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fmli
Starts the form and menu language translator. It opens the frames that is specified by the file name
argument.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fmt
Is a text formatter. It will take the text from the file and produce output lines that are joined in the
correct way.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fmthard
Updates the Volume Table of Contents (VTOC) on hard disks.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fmtmsg
Writes a message to STDERR or system console.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnattr
Manages the attributes of FNS (Federated Naming Service) objects.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnbind
Associates a resource to an FNS name, or binds a reference specified on the command line to an FNS
name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fncheck
Checks for consistency between FNS (Federated Naming Service) data and NIS+ data.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fncopy
Copies FNS (Federated Naming Service) contexts from one naming service to another.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fncreate
Creates an FNS (Federated Naming Service) context.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fncreate_fs
Creates File System contexts within the FNS (Federated Naming Service) namespace.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fncreate_printer
Creates a new printer in the FNS (Federated Naming Service) namespace.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fndestroy
Removes an FNS (Federated Naming Service) context from the specified name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnlist
Shows the name and reference bound in an FNS (Federated Naming Service) context.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnlookup
Shows the binding of an FNS (Federated Naming Service) name that you specify.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnrename
Renames the binding of an FNS (Federated Naming Service) name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnsearch
Searches for FNS (Federated Naming Service) objects with specified attributes and / or values.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnselect
Selects a naming service to use for the FNS (Federated Naming Service) initial context creation.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnsypd
Is a daemon used by NIS clients to update the FNS context on a NIS master server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fnunbind
Unbinds the resource from a FNS (Federated Naming Service) name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fold
Breaks lines in text files to the specified width.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
for
Is used to go trough each word in the list, assign the value to variable and run the commands.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
foreach
Is used to go trough each word in the list, assign the value to variable and run the commands.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
format
Partitions, labels, repairs, and analyzes disks on the system. Without options, the interactive tool starts.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
format_floppy
Formats floppy disks. It is used mainly by the file manager.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
from
Shows sender and date of newly arrived mail messages.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fsadmin
Controls whether the font server is or is not started automatically by inetd.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fsck
Checks file systems for inconsistencies and repair them.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fsdb
Debugs a file system after a crash.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fsinfo
Shows information including the capabilities about X font servers on the network.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

fsirand
Creates random inode generation numbers to increase security for NFS file systems. It also creates a
file
system ID in the superblock.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fslsfonts
Shows the fonts on the font server that match the pattern specified. Wildcards * can be used.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fstobdf
Creates BDF fonts from an X font server. It is used to debug font and recreate BDF files.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fstyp
Determines the file system type for unmounted file systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ftp
Transfers files from a remote network. It uses the File Transfer Protocol.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
function
Defines function in a shell.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
functions
Shows or set attribute for shell functions.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fuser
Shows process IDs of files that are specified.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fwtmp
Converts binary records in wtmp to readable text records. Reads from STDIN and writes to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gcore
Creates a core file image for the process you specify. The default image file name will be
core.processID.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

gencat
Formats text from a message file and merges the information into the formatted message database
called a
catfile.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
geniconvtbl
Creates binary code conversion tables for iconv using text files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
genlayouttbl
Creates a binary layout table from a locale.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
genmsg
Creates message source files by extracting the messages from other source files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

get, sccs-get
Retrieves version information from the working copy of the SCCS file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getconf
Retrieves current configuration values and show them to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getdev
Creates a device list that matches the criteria specified.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getdgrp
Creates a list of device groups that match the specified criteria.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getent
Retrieves entries from system database files using keywords that exists in the database.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getfacl
Shows the Access Control List (ACL), the owner, and the group for the specified file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getln
Reads a line from the command stack and doesn't treat a at the end of a row in any special way.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

getNAME
Captures the NAME section from a specified manual source, which can then be used for creating a
table of
contents or an introduction section to a manual.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getopt
Cleans up and checks options given to a shell script. It split option given together and place each option
in its
own variable. Any additional arguments is placed after- -
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getopts
Will retrieve or set environment options and process them from the command line. The values specified
by
name and the index of the next arguments are placed into the shell variable OPTIND.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gettable
Gets the DoD internet host table via the TCP port connection of a specified host server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

gettext
Gets domain name variable from a message object created by msgfmt that matches to the specified id.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

gettxt
Gets a text string from a specific message file database found in the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES, where the locale name corresponds to the string language.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getty
Defines the terminal settings including the line speed and terminal behavior.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
getvol
Verifies that the device specified is available and that the proper media is inserted and ready for use.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
glob
Performs file name expansion on the words. The result is separated by a NULL-character.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
goto
Jumps to label in a shell script.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gpatch
Applies changes from the patch file to the original file. The patch file is made by the diff command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gprof
Shows an execution (call-graph) profile of a program. It can also create files containing portions of this
information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
grep
Shows lines form the file that matches the given pattern.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
groupadd
Creates a new group definition on the system by editing the /etc/group file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
groupdel
Deletes a specified group definition in the system that resides in the /etc/group file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
groupmod

Alters a specific group definition on the system using the /etc/group file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
groups
Shows the groups that a user is a member of.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
grpck
Verifies the entries in the group file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gsscred
Manages table entries that are used on servers to find the UID of clients connected by RPCSEC_GSS.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gunzip
Extracts files. Support files that are created by gzip, zip compress, compress -H and pack.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzcat
Shows (concatenates) the content of a compressed file on the screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzcmp
Compares the difference between compressed files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzdiff
Runs the diff program on compressed files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzexe
Compresses executable files into a self extracting archive.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzforce
Adds a .gz extension to a file compressed with gzip if they lost the extension during a file copy, for
example.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzgrep
Starts the grep on compressed or gzipped files. Options specified are passed to grep.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gzip
Compresses files with Lempel-Ziv coding. If it is possible, the file is replaced by one with the .gz
extension.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

gzmore
Shows compressed files with a suffix of .gz, .z, or .Z, one screen at a time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gznew
Compresses files with compressed with compress (*.Z) even more and gives it a .gz extension.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
h2ph
Converts the specified C header files into perl header file format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
h2xs
Creates perl extensions from C header files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
halt
Writes any remaining data in memory to the disks and then stops the computer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hash
Shows or changes information in the internal hash table that stores information about executed
commands.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hashstat
Show information about how effective the internal hash table is.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
head
Show lines from the beginning of each file on the screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

help
Shows information about internal commands. With no option, shows a short description about internal
commands.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
helpitem
Is used to format and show help messages for the command ckitem.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
history
Shows a list of previously used commands, and can optionally execute them again.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hostconfig
Configures host parameters automatically, like hostname and domain name for a system using.bootp
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hostid
Shows the hexadecimal identifier of the current computer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hostname
Sets or shows the hostname for the computer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
htable
Converts a host's tables to network library routines from the older RFC 952 format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
htdigest
Manages HTTP user authentication files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
htpasswd
Manages HTTP user authentication.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
httpd
Is the Apache Internet Web server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hup
Allows a command to catch a hang-up signal. This is the opposite of nohup.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

iceauth
Edits and shows authorization information to connect with ICE. Reads authorization data from one host
and
adds the information to another.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
iconv
Converts characters from one code set to another.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
id
Shows the userID and groupID of the user that you specify.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
if
Makes a decision inside a shell script. If the first expr is true run the first commands. If not check the
next expr
and so on. If no expr was true run commands after then.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ifconfig
Configures network interface parameters or show the status for network interface.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
imagetool
Is a GUI that is used to show gif, tiff, jpeg and PostScript images.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
imake
Creates Makefiles from a template, a set of cpp macro functions, and a per-directory file that is called
Imakefile.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

in.dhcpd
Configures the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). It is used to forward or respond to
DHCP or
BOOTP protocol requests.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.fingerd, fingerd
Is the daemon the manages the finger protocol.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.ftpd, ftpd
Is the Internet FTP daemon that manage FTP services. It is only started by the inetd daemon when
requested.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.ndpd
Makes auto-configurations for hosts and routers of Neighbor Discovery and Address Auto
configuration for IPv6.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.rarpd, rarpd
Provides MAC-address to IP-address resolution to workstations at startup.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.rdisc
Finds default routes on the network or broadcasts that your host is a router.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.rexecd, rexecd
Is a daemon that services remote execution requests and uses use rname and password authentication.
inetd
will automatically start the daemon when needed.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
in.ripngd
Manages network routing tables for the IPv6 Routing Information Protocol.

Manages the installation of files to a specific location or creates directories in a file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
installboot
Installs a bootblock in a partition in order to make it bootable.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
installf
Maintains and updates the database that holds information about installed software.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
install_conduit
Is a script that allows users to install Java-based pipes for synchronization with a Palm Pilot.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
integer
Show or sets attribute for integer variables.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
iostat
Shows input and output statistics for disks, terminals and tapes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ipcrm
Releases shared memory by removing identifiers from message queues, semaphores, and shared
memory
segments that programs or services have left behind.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ipcs
Shows information about inter-process communications currently active in the system, such as shared
memory
segments, semaphores and message queues.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ipsecconf
Manages IP security policies.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ipseckey
Manages the security association data base (SADB) for the network security services ipsecah and
ipsecesp
manually. Without options it is started interactively.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
isainfo
Shows the architecture and instructions set of the kernel.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
isalist

Shows all instruction sets that can run on the system to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
jar
Compresses multiple files into a single JAR file. Can also compress files in ZIP and ZLIB formats.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
jarsigner
Creates passwords and verifies the signatures of jar files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
java
Executes java programs.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
javac
Compiles java code into java bytecode.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
javadoc
Manages documentation about classes, interfaces, methods, and the like in HTML format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
javah
Creates header files for use by C-language compilers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
javakey
Is a security tool that generates digital signatures for java archive files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
javald
Captures the environment needed to run a java application specified by class name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
javap
Disassembles java class files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
java_g
Is a non optimized java version that can be used with debuggers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
jdb
Debugs java classes with a command-line interface similar to dbx using Java debugger APIs.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

jobs
jobs is used to report all jobs that are stopped or executing in the background.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
join
Compares two files and joins them together where the fields are identical and show the result to
STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
jre
Is a runtime interpreter for java.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
jsh
Is the Job control shell and command interpreter. It has similar functions as Bourne shell (sh), with job
control.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kbd
Manipulates, shows or changes the keyboards values.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kbd_mode
Changes the keyboard translation mode.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kdestroy
Writes zeros to the user's Kerberos authorization tickets so as to destroy the file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kerbd
Generates and validates the Kerberos tickets for the kernel RPC.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
keylogin
Decrypts and stores a users secret key, which is used in requests to any secure RPC service such as
NIS+.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
keylogout
Erases a user's secret key that is stored by the keyserv process.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
keyserv
Is a server daemon that stores the private encryption keys for the currently logged in users.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kgmon
Monitors kernel profiling.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kill
Stops a process or sends a signal to a processes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
killall
Stops all active processes. Only a superuser can run this command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kinit
Logs into the Kerberos authentication system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
klist
Shows you information listed in the ticket file about current Kerberos tickets held.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ksh, rksh
Is the Korn shell, a standard/restricted command and programming language.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ksrvtgt
Manages Kerberos ticket-granting tickets.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
kstat
Examines the current available kernel statistics.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
labelit
Writes or shows the label of an unmounted file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
LANG=language
Change the regional setting and language translation.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
last
Shows login information about users, hosts, and terminals.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lastcomm
Shows the last commands executed, in reverse order.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lastlogin
Updates the login information in the file /var/adm/acct/sum/loginlog.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

lbxproxy
Is an X proxy that uses the low bandwidth extension to X (LBX). Some optimizations is made to the
connections
that increases speed over slow connections. Solaris 8 only
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ld
Is a linker for object files used to link executables or shared libraries. Ld operates in two modes, static
or
dynamic.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldapadd
Adds new entries to the LDAP server. Rejects duplicate attributes for same entry.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldapclient
Configures an LDAP client machine.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldapdelete
Erases one or multiple entries from an LDAP server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldaplist
Shows a list of naming information from an LDAP directory service file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldapmodify
Binds, modifies, or adds entries to the LDAP server; rejects duplicates for the same entry.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldapmodrdn
Connects to the LDAP server and modifies the RDN entries.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldapsearch
Makes a connection to an LDAP server, performs searches by using the specified filter.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldap_cachemgr
Updates the configuration cache for the LDAP naming services.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldap_gen_profile

Creates an LDIF file to be loaded into an LDAP server. This file can later be downloaded by an LDAP
client.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ldd
Lists executable files and their dynamic dependencies or shared objects. Also lists the pathnames of all
shared
objects that are needed when file is executed.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
less
Is a text pager for UNIX systems, used to displays ASCII files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
less (3)
More options
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lesskey
Manages key bindings for less.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
let
Will evaluate the arguments and if the result is zero the exit status is 1 otherwise 0.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lex
Creates C programs to be used in lexical processing of character input. That can be used as an interface
to
yacc.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
limit
Set limitations on the system resources available to the current shell.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
line
Reads and copies one line from STDIN and shows the line on STDOUT, usually the screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
link
Links files and directories to existing files or directories. Only superusers can use it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lint
Finds the link to /usr/ccs/bin/ucblint; it is used by the C program verifier to find libraries.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
listdgrp
Shows members of the device group list specified by dgroup.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
listres
Creates a list of widget's names and classes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
listusers
Lists all user logins and shows the login ID and account field value from specified database.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
list_devices
Lists assigned devices in the system and checks their association with current processes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ln
Creates a link between the specified source and destination files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
loadkeys
Reads and modifies the keyboard translation tables.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
local
Creates a local variable within a function and sets the variable's attribute.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
locale
Shows locale-specific information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
localedef
Defines the locale definition format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lockd
Performs record locking on NFS files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

lockfs
Reports and changes the status of the file system locks. It unlocks file systems that were improperly
locked by
an application.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lockstat
Gathers and shows statistics on kernel synchronization objects.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

lofiadm
Administers the loopback file driver and associates a file to a block device.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
log
Lists all users that are logged in and affected by the watch parameter.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
logger
Adds messages to the system log from the command line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
login
Lets you sign on to the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
logins
Shows a list of logins on a system. Information is shown about both user and system logins
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
logname
Shows your login name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
logout
Exits a login shell form in Bash, C, TC and Z-Shell (bash, csh, tcsh, zsh).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
logresolve
Resolves IP addresses in Apache's access log files. This is to reduce the impact for the name server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
look
Will find words in the system dictionary and show all lines that begins with the specified string.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

lookbib, glookbib
Finds references in a bibliographic database and recover records containing the keywords entered at the
prompt.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lorder
Finds ordering relation for an object or library archive and shows a list of the pairs.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lp

lpshut
Stops the LP print service.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lpstat
Shows status information of the print service.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

lptest
Generates a ripple test pattern to STDOUT and shows all 96 printable ASCII characters; useful for
testing
printers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lpusers
Sets printing queue priorities. Can be assigned to jobs sent by users of LP print service.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ls
Lists the contents of a specified directory and supports wildcards.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ls-F
Lists files like ls -F. It's much faster than ls.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
luxadm
Manages RSM, SENA, and SPARCstorage Array subsystem and individual FC AL devices.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
m4
Is a front end macro processor that is used for programming languages like C and assembler.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
m64config
Configures the M64 Graphics Accelerator and can also alter some of the X11 window defaults for the
M64.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mach
Shows what processor your computer is running on.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mail, Mail, mailx
Reads and sends mail.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mail.local

Is a local mail delivery agent for sendmail.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mailcompat
Makes the Solaris mailbox format compatible with SunOS 4.x clients.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mailprint
Erases any attachments from the specified mail file and adds a line to inform how many that was
removed.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mailq
Shows the mail queue. Shows first line for each mail massage, host for the massage, size the date and
time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mailstats
Shows the statistics collected by the program sendmail.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
make, gmake
Updates a target file and all of its dependencies or repairs missing or invalid target dependency trees.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
makedbm
Creates a DBM file or converts a DBM file to a text file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
makedepend
Reads each specified source file in the given sequence and then parses it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

makekey
Creates an encryption key using ASCII characters for programs that run encryption. It generates a 13-
character
key from a 10-character input.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
makemap
Uses the keyed map lookups in sendmail and creates the specified type of database map by reading
from
STDIN and writes to the specified new map name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
makepsres
Creates an Adobe PostScript language database file called PSres.upr, which contains the resources in
the
specified pathnames. Reads from STDIN as default.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
makewhatis

Updates the whatis database.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
man
Shows the manual page of the specified command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

mconnect
Connects you to the specified remote SMTP mail server socket, or to the local host if no remote host is
specified.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mcs
Adds, erases, shows and compresses the contents in the comment section of an ELF object file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mdb
Is a low-level modular debugger used to operate crash dumps, processes, core dumps, and so forth.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mesg
Allows or disallows messages to be sent to your terminal.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mibiisa
Is Sun's RFC 1157-compliant SNMP agent.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkalias
Converts YP mail.aliases maps to mail.byaddr maps.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkdir
Ccreates directories.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkdirhier
Creates the specified directories including any unspecified parent directories as well.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkfifo
Creates the FIFO special files specified by the paths and filenames on the command line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkfile
Creates an empty file or files that can be used as NFS-mounted or local swap areas.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

mkfontdir
Creates an index file from any X font files found in a directory. It typically looks for .pcf, .snf and .bdf
fonts and
then creates the file fonts.dir in the same specified directory.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkfs
Creates a file system on the specified disk partition rawdevicefile by calling upon the default FS or the
specific
one that is given by the -F FSType option.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkisofs
Creates an ISO9660 images file that is used to burn CD's.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkmsgs
Creates a file of text strings that is accessible with the text retrieval tools gettxt, srchtxt and exstr.The
input is a
file of text strings for a specified geographic locale.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mknetid
Creates the NIS netid map called netid.byname using the contents of the hosts, passwd, group and netid
files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mknod
Creates a directory entry for a specified special file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mkstr
Creates specific files containing error messages that are extruded from a list of other files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
modinfo
Shows you information about loaded kernel modules.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
modload
Loads a specified loadable kernel module into the running system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
modunload
Unloads a previous loaded module from a running system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mofcomp
Compiles MOF files to CIM classes. These files can also be converted to Java.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

monacct
Creates accounting summary files and places them into /var/adm/acct/fiscal. Also restarts summary
files in
/var/adm/acct/sum.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
more
Shows a textfile one page at a time. Continues reading files specified on the command line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mount
Mounts a file system or shows a file system that is already mounted. The file system can be local or
remote.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mountall
Mounts all file systems from the file system table.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mountd, rpc.mountd
Answers file system mount requests and NFS access information checks.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mpstat
Shows statistics for each processor in tabular form. Each row is for one processor activity only.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
msgfmt
Creates message object files from portable object files. It doesn't change the portable object files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
msgid
Creates a unique message identifier.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mt
Sends commands to a tape device.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mv
Moves or renames files and directories.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
mvdir
Moves a directory within a file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

named, in.named
Is the domain name server that answers DNS request and resolves host names and finds their assigned
IP
address.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
named-bootconf
Converts named.boot configuration files used by BIND 4.9 or older to newer versions used by BIND
8.1.1 or
later.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
named-xfer
Runs inbound zone transfers. It is used by in.named but can be used directly for debugging purposes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
native2ascii
Converts files into Latin-1 and Unicode-encoded characters if they contain other character encoding.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
navigator
Shows the AnswerBook on-line documentation.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nawk
Is a newer version of awk. Iit is usually used to search for patterns specified by ' scriptstr '.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ncab2clf
Converts the binary log files from the Solaris Network Cache and Accelerator to Common Log File
format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ncheck
Shows a list with paths and inode numbers for all files on a specified device.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ndd
Modifies configuration parameters, but currently only for the TCP/IP protocol family.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
neqn
Is a preprocessor for the command nroff. It helps when writing equations and is primarily used with
terminals.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
netstat
Shows statistics and other network information, based on options selected.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
newaliases

Rebuilds the mail aliases file.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
newform
Changes format of a text file line by line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
newfs
Creates a new file system with the FSType UFS.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
newgrp
Changes a user's real and effective groupID to group.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
newkey
Creates new Diffie-Hellman public keys that are needed for secure RPC or NFS services.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
news
Informs about current events described in directory /var/news.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
newsyslog
Saves the old log file messages and starts with a new, empty log file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nfsd, rpc.nfsd
Manages NFS file system requests for clients.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nfslogd
Creates the activity log with information from the RPC operations that were processed by the NFS
server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nfsstat
Shows NFS and RPC statistics.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nice
Starts commands to be run in a different priority.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisaddcred
Manages NIS+ credentials that are used for authentication.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

nisaddent
Creates NIS+ table entries by using files from the /etc directory and from NIS maps.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisauthconf
Manages security authentication in NIS+.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisbackup
Manages backups of NIS+ directory objects on a NIS+ master server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
niscat
Shows NIS+ tables or objects.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nischgrp
Manages group ownership of a NIS+ object.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nischmod
Manages permission for a NIS+ object.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nischown
Manages the ownership of a NIS+ object.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nischttl
Manages the time-to-live for NIS+ objects.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisclient
Initializes NIS+ environment for clients and users.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisctl
Shows NIS statistics and flushes NIS cache information from the NIS database.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisdefaults
Is a utility that shows default values returned by NIS+ local name functions.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
niserror
Shows NIS+ error messages from error codes.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisgrep
Searches for entries in a NIS+ table by using regular expression patterns.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisgrpadm
Manages NIS+ groups. It can create, delete or show groups and memberships.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisinit
Sets up NIS+ servers or clients.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisln
Creates links between NIS+ objects and NIS+ names.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nislog
Shows the contents of the NIS+ transaction log.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisls
Show a NIS+ directory content.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nismatch
Searches for NIS+ tables.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

nismkdir
Creates a new NIS+ directory within an existing domain. Creates replicated directories and also
subdirectories
that have the same master.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisopaccess
Administration tool to configure the access for NIS+ operations.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nispasswd
Manages NIS+ passwords.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisping
Manages updates between NIS+ servers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

nispopulate
Populates NIS+ tables by using files or maps.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisprefadm
Manages NIS+ server preferences for NIS+ clients.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisrestore
Restores a NIS+ directory from an existing backup.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisrm
Deletes NIS+ objects.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisrmdir
Deletes NIS+ directories.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisserver
Manages the setup of a NIS+ server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nissetup
Creates a NIS+ domain.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisshowcache
Shows the content of the NIS+ shared cache file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisstat
Queries a NIS+ server for statistics.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

nistbladm
NIS+ table administration command. The five primary operations are to: create, delete, add, modify,
and remove
entries from tables.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nistest
Tests NIS+ permissions, entries, types, and the like.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nisupdkeys

Manages public keys in a NIS+ object directory.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nis_cachemgr
Is a daemon that manages cache information about NIS+ server locations and directories.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nl
Reads lines from STDIN or a file, adds line numbers, and shows the result to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

nlsadmin
Manages the network listener processes which are configured individually. Every network relates to at
least one
listener.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nm
Shows a table of the symbol names used for the specified ELF object file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
noglob
Turns of file globing for the command. No file name will be expanded.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nohup
Is a way to run a command which will be immune to any hang up signals.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
notify
Will notify a user asynchronous when the status of a job is changed. If job is not given, the current job
is used.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nroff
Processes a text file and formats the output for use with a letter quality printer or line printer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nscd
Provides cache for name services. It is a daemon process that caches passwd, hosts, and groups
databases.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nslookup
Contacts and sends queries to DNS servers interactively or non-interactively.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nstest
Tests DNS queries interactively in a shell environment. The result is shown to STDOUT.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nsupdate
Updates DNS name servers interactively or non-interactively.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ntpdate
Sets the local date and time via the NTP. Gets time from any specified NTP servers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ntpq
Queries a NTP server that supports the NTP mode 6 control message format by the command line or
interactively.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ntptrace
Traces the master time source. Shows where the specified server received its time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nulladm
Creates a file with the mode 644, by using the owner and group adm.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ocfserv
Is a central communication point for smartcards that are connected to the host.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
od
Reads a file from STDIN or from a specified file and exports the content to STDOUT in octal format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
on
Runs commands on other systems by using the local environment.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
onintr
Specifies the shell will do with an interrupt. If option isn't given normal interrupt handle are restored.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
openwin
Is a script that helps you start OpenWindow the correct way.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
optisa
Asks isalist for the best instruction set to use.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

owplaces
Shows on a specified screen what applications clients are running.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

pack
Compresses files into .z format. Each file is compressed and replaced. The compressed file will has the
same
access rights and dates.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
page
Shows a textfile one page at a time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pagesize
Shows the page size of memory.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
passmgmt
Adds, deletes or modifies data in the password files /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
passwd
Changes login password and password attributes for the current or the specified user.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
paste
Creates vertical columns of the content in the specified input files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
patch
Makes changes to files with patch files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
patchadd
Installs patches and updates system files. Patches can be installed from a directory or one by one.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
patchrm
Restores saved original files that existed before a patch was installed.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pathchk
Checks whether the path or paths specified are valid.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pax

Administers archives. Lists archive members, extracts archives and archive files, and copies directory
structures
from one location to another.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pbind
Manages the bindings between processes and processors.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pcat
Shows content of files that are compressed. Will unpack file to a temporary place before showing it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
perfmeter
Monitors performance statistics in either strip charts or meter dials.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
perl
Is a programming language. Perl stands for Practical Extraction Report Language.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
perlbug
Creates bug reports for perl.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
perldoc
Finds and shows perl documentation from inside installations trees or scripts.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pfexec, pfsh, pfcsh, pfksh
Runs a command with a specific profile like user ID, group ID, and so forth.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pfinstall
Tests an installation profile to check the action before using it to install or upgrade.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pg
Shows a files content on the screen one page at a time and prompts for the next page.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pgrep
Searches for specific processes by using different criteria.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ping
Sends ICMP echo requests to specified hosts. The remote host will, if it can, respond with a ICMP echo
reply.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgadd
Installs or spools software packages into the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

pkgask
Creates an answer file, which can then be used as input to questions at installation time. Can be used to
prevent
any interactions during installation.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgchk
Checks the accuracy of installed files and shows package files information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkginfo
Shows one line of information about each package that is installed on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgmk
Creates an installable package to use as the input into the command pkgadd.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgparam
Shows the value of the package parameters; values are stored in the pkginfo-file for pkginst.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgproto
Creates prototype file entries to be used as input to the pkgmk command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgrm
Erases a package from the system or from a spooling area.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkgtrans
Converts installable packages from file system format to datastream and reverse, or from one file
system to
another.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkill
Finds and kills processes by signaling it with the kill command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pl2pm
Converts perl4 files to perl5 modules.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

plimit
Sets or gets the resource limits of a running process identified by process ID list. Only the owner of a
process or
a superuser is permitted to modify the limits.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pmadm
Manages port monitor services on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pmconfig
Activates the power management system by reading a configuration file called power.conf.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pntadm
Manages the DHCP network table by, for example, adding, removing, or commenting hostnames or IP
addresses.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pod2html
Converts pod to HTML files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pod2latex
Converts Perl pod document files into LaTeX document files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pod2man
Generates *roff input from a POD source which can then be shown on STDOUT using nroff or to a
printer using
troff.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pod2text
Converts POD files into formatted ASCII text files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
popd
Pops a directory from the directory stack and changes to it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ports
Creates symbolic links in /dev/term, /dev/cua0 and inittab for serial ports.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
postio
Sends files via the serial interface to a PostScript printer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

postprint
Translates text files into PostScript and writes to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
postreverse
Reverses the page order in a PostScript file of Adobe's Version 1.0 or 2.0 format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
powerd
A power daemon that manages two types of system shutdown: automatic or low power.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
poweroff
Writes pending information to disk, stops the processing, and powers off the computer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pr
Filters printing and pagination, each input file/files are read, formatted and written to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
praliases
Shows system mail aliases. If no key is specified, all keys and their values will be shown.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
praudit
Reads files or STDIN and shows the specified data as audit trail records.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prctmp
Shows the session record file that is created by acctcon1.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prdaily
Formats and reports the previous day's accounting data from /var/adm/acct/sum/rprt/mmdd.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prex
Is an interface to control, manipulate, or debug a process or the kernel.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
print
Shows any arguments on the STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
printenv
Shows the variable values in the environment.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
printf
Interprets certain characters in the format string.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
printmgr
Manages local and remote printer access in a network using X-window.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
printtool
Is an OpenWindow GUI-tool for printing files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
priocntl
Manages scheduling parameters for processes. There are four main ways to use it; specified by the first
option.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prof
Shows data from a profile file produced by the monitor function.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

profiles
Shows execution profiles for the user specified with process attributes used when started using a
privileged
command interpreter such as: pfcsh, pfksh, and pfexec.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
proxymngr
Is the proxy manager service that determines client requests, keeping track of available and starting
new
proxies.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prs, sccs-prs
Shows selected portions, all, or parts of an SCCS delta table history.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prstat
Shows statistics about active processes according to selected sort order and output mode.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prt
Shows selected delta table information of an SCCS file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prtacct
A shell procedure used to format and print TACCT (total accounting) files.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prtconf
Shows system configuration information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prtdiag
Shows information about the system and diagnostic information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
prtvtoc
Reads the VTOC in order to show disk geometry and partitioning.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ps
Shows process ID, execution time, command name, terminal and other information about the active
processes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
psradm
Changes the operational status of one or more processors.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

psrinfo
Shows processor information. Shows online/off-line status, powered on/off status and when the status
was last
modified.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pstruct, c2ph
Translates C to Perl code (union and structure declarations). It takes .c, .h, or .s files and shows the C
program
structure.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pswrap
Creates wraps by sending segments of PostScript language code from the specified file to the
PostScript
Interpreter.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pushd
Changes to a new working directory and places the current working directory into a direcory stack.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pushln
Pushes a string to the editor buffer stack.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
putdev
Adds, removes, or modifies a device in the device table.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
putdgrp
Manages the device group table.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pvs
Shows internal version information contained within an executable file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pwck
Searches the password file for field number validation, user and group IDs, login names, and the like.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pwconv
Modifies or creates the file /etc/shadow from the standard /etc/passwd file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pwd
Shows the absolute path to the current working directory.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

quot
Shows the amount of blocks (1024 bytes) in the file system that each user currently owns and
summarizes the
information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
quota
Shows the disk usage and limits for a user on mounted file systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
quotacheck
Will check and update the quota for mounted file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
quotaoff
Turns off disk quotas for file systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
quotaon
Enables disk quotas for file systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
r
Reruns the last command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ranlib
Appends a table of contents to archive libraries so that they are linked faster.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rcp
Copies files between two computers. The computer can be local or remote.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rdate
Sets system date and time from a remote host.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rdist
Distributes files from one computer to others. Will keep the owner, group, mode and modification
times.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
read
Reads a line from STDIN.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
readonly
Sets a variable read-only. If no name is given show all read-only variables.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
reboot
Restarts the operating system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

red
Is a text editor similar to the ed utility but is a restricted version. Only allows editing of files in current
directory
and does not allow the use of shell commands by using the !.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
refer, grefer
Finds and formats references as a preprocessor for nroff or troff.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
regcmp
Compiles the regular expressions in a file and place the output in file.i.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rehash
Recalculates the internal hash table.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
reject
Rejects print queue requests to the specified destination.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
removef
Removes a file from the software database. The output is a list of erasable pathnames that may be
safely
erased.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rem_drv
Reports to the system that the device driver is invalid. It will unload the device driver from memory if
possible,
and it will also update the system driver configuration files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
renice
Alters the priority of currently running processes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
repeat
Executes a command a specified number of times.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
repquota
Shows the quota limit and the usage of the file systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset
Resets the terminal to default values.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
resize
Shows current size of the xterm window and will set the TERMCAP settings to active window.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
return
Reports from a shell function. If used outside a function it will function as exit.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
revnetgroup
Reverses the order of host and user listings in the network group /etc/netgroup file in NIS maps.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rgb
Creates a database containing color names. Finds decimals for the colors followed by the color name in
STDIN.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rlogin
Runs a remote login to a remote computer.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rm
Removes files and directories from the file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmail
Sends messages in text format as mail to users, reads from STDIN or a terminal. Recipient must be a
user.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmdel, sccs-rmdel
Removes a delta from one ore more SCCS files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmdir
Removes empty directories from the file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmic
Is a compiler that creates skeleton and stub class files for use with remote objects from compiled Java
classes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmiregistry
Starts and creates a Java remote object registry. It creates no output because it is run in the background.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmmount
Mounts removable media. The Volume Manager uses it to mount the device when a new media is
inserted.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rmt
Allows remote access to magnetic tape devices, normally started from a rexec or rcmd subroutine.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
roffbib
Shows records in a bibliographic database in bibliography format, not as footnotes or endnotes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
roleadd
Manages new role accounts.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
roledel
Removes a role account and its login from the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rolemod

Modifies the information about a role login on the system.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
roles
Shows the roles that is granted to specified user.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rotatelogs
Starts a new log file and save the old.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
route
Manages and shows the routing tables on the host.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.bootparamd
Serves diskless clients with startup information at boot time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.nisd
Is the daemon for the NIS+ service.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.nisd_resolv
Is used by NIS hosts as a DNS forwarder. It is often used from rpc.nisd, but can also be used from the
console.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.nispasswdd
Updates the NIS+ password table on request from nispasswd or yppasswd.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.rexd
Is used for program execution on remote computers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.rstatd
Returns statistics received from the kernel about performance.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.rusersd
Is the user name server that lists users on the host.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.rwalld
Is the rwall server that manages rwall requests. It is applied by using wall on all appropriate hosts.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

rpc.sprayd
Is the server daemon for the spray command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.yppasswdd, yppasswdd
Handles the requests that comes from yppasswd to set new correct passwords.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpc.ypupdated
Updates information in the Network Information Service (NIS).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpcbind
Creates universal addresses by converting RPC program numbers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpcgen
Creates C code to make an rpc protocol.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpcinfo
Creates an RPC call to an RPC server and shows the information on what it finds.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpld
Provides network booting support for clients running on the x86 (Intel-compatible) platform.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rpm2cpio
Converts a Red Hat Package (RPM) file to a cpio archive on STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rsh, remsh
Is a remote shell which is used to connect to a host and execute one specified command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rstart
Is a simple example of the remote start client (Remote Execution Protocol).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rstartd
Is a script that helps the use of working with a remote shell.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
runacct
Runs daily accounting procedures that are usually started from the cron daemon.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rup
Shows the status of machines on the network. Similar to uptime but for remote computers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ruptime
Shows the status of machines on the network. Similar to uptime but for remote machines.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rusage
Shows the resource usage for a command (CPU time, wall clock, System CPU and so on).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rusers
Lists users logged into the remote server. Similar to who but for remote servers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

rwall
Reads a message from STDIN and sends it as a broadcast message to the users logged on to the
specified
host server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rwho
Shows who is logged in to hosts on the local network.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rwhod, in.rwhod
Is a system status server for the programs rwho and ruptime.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
s2p
Takes a sed script specified on the command line and produces a comparable perl script on the
STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sa1
Saves system activity into the binary file /var/adm/sa/saDD, where DD is the current day. Sar often
uses this
collected information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sa2
Is a script that saves system activity into the file /var/adm/sa/saDD where DD is the current day. This is
similar to
sar and it uses the same options.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sacadm
Is the port monitor administration tool. It is used to add/remove, enable/disable, start/stop a port
monitor.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sact, sccs-sact
Informs the user that the s.file is checked out for editing by somebody else.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sadc
Saves system activity in binary format to a specified file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sag
Shows a graph of the system activity data from the binary datafile created by a run of sar.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sar
Shows information about system use for a specified period of time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
savecore
Saves a crash dump of the operating system kernel (if one is created) after a system crash.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sccs
Executes subcommands on SCCS history files or directories. SCCS = Source Code Control System.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sccs-help, help
Shows help on error or warning messages from Source Code Control System (SCCS)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sccsdiff, sccs-sscsdiff
Is used to compare two versions of a SCCS file and show the differences.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

sched
Schedules commands to be executed at a later time from the shell. Note that it is the shell that runs the
commands.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
script
Records everything that is shown on the screen during a terminal session and saves the information into
a file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sdiff
Compares the two files and shows the differences between them, side by side on the screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
showmount
Shows all clients that have remote mounts from a server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
showrev
Shows revision information for the hardware and software.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
showrgb
Converts a compiled rgb color name database back to the original form.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
showsnf
Shows the content of font files in the SNF format or convert glyphs into arrays of characters.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
shutacct
Disables process accounting on shutdown and adds a reason record to /var/adm/wtmp.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
shutdown
Changes the current run level. Most often to shut the system down.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
size
Shows segment or section size information for each loaded section in object files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sleep
Puts the system to sleep for a period of time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
smartcard
Configures and administers a smart card.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
smrsh
Is a restricted shell used together with sendmail. It only allow certain commands to be run.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
snapshot
Takes a snapshot of the screen, or a part of the screen, and saves it to a raster file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
snoop
Grabs packets from the network and shows information about the content.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
soconfig
Alters the transport provider driver used with sockets.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
soelim
Determines and excludes the .so requests from either troff or nroff input.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
solregis
Starts the Solaris user registration procedure.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sort
Sorts and merges lines from the specified files or from STDIN, and prints them to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sortbib
Sorts the specified bibliographic database, based on the sorting keys.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sotruss
Traces dynamic library calls made by the command specified and shows it on STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
source
Reads commands form a file and runs them in the current shell.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
speckeysd
Is a CDE/OpenWindows daemon that detects special keys on Type 5/Compact 1 keyboards.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

spell
Collects words from specified file or files and look them up in a spelling list. If the word doesn't exist,
it will report
it. It uses deroff to follow chains of included files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
spellin
Reads a specified amount of hash codes from STDIN and shows a compressed spelling list.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
split
Splits a file into a set of smaller files. The output files will get a double letter extension (.aa, .ab,
.ac ... ).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

spray
Sends a stream of packets to a host. Reports how many were received and the transfer rate.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
srchtxt
Shows the content of a message database or searches for a match to the text string specified.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ssaadm
Administers SPARC storage Arrays and SPARC storage RSM disk systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
startup
Turns the process accounting on when the system is brought to a multi-user state.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
stdethers
Is used to erase NIS information from the specified file or STDIN.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
stdhosts
Is used to erase NIS information from the specified file or STDIN.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
stop
Stops a process.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
strace
Shows STREAMS trace messages on STDOUT. Operands can be specified multiple times, but only in
triplets.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
strchg
Adds or removes topmost modules of the stream associated with the user's STDIN.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
strclean
Removes STREAMS error logger files older than 3 days.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
strconf
Manages the configuration of a stream.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
strings
Searches for printable strings in object or binary files.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
strip
Strips the symbol table and the information about debugging and line numbers from an object file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
stty
Alters the options for a terminal.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sttydefs
Maintains the /etc/ttydefs file, which is used for controlling the tty port hunt sequences and for line
settings.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
su
Switches to another user in the current session.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

sulogin
Asks the user to type in root password and go to single-user mode, or to press Ctrl+D to proceed a
normal
startup.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sum
Shows a 16-bit checksum and a 512 byte block count for a file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
suspend
Stops the current shell as if Ctrl-Z has been pressed. Login shell can't be stopped.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
swap
Manages the systems swap areas that are used by the memory manager.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
switch, breaksw
Matches each pattern successively against the word and runs the commands when the first match is
found.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
swmtool
Is a tool for installing, upgrading and removing software packages.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sync
Flushs all unwritten file system buffers to disk.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

syncinit
Sets interface operating parameters for a serial line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
syncloop
Is a program for testing synchronous serial loopback.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
syncstat
Shows driver statistics from a synchronous serial link.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sys-suspend
Suspends, shutdowns or powers off the computer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sys-unconfig
Resets the system configuration to the standard state.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sysdef
Shows definition on all devices, modules, etc on the computer.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sysidconfig
Is used to manage definition and execution of system configuration applications.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sysidtool
Is a bundle of five programs that manages configuration and reconfiguration of a system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
syslogd
Logs system messages and saves it into a file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tabs
Clears old settings and sets new Tabs and margins on remote terminals.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tail
Shows the tail end of the file specified to STDOUT. Shows the last 10 entries by default.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
talk
Is used to talk to another user, using the terminal.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
talkd, in.talkd, in.ntalkd, ntalkd
Provides the server function for the talk command. Usually started by the Internet Server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tapes
Creates /dev/rmt entries for tape drives connected to the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tar
Extracts or creates files from or to a tar file, tape by default but can be any media or file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tbl
Formats tables before to use them in nroff or troff. For BSD and Linux it is only used for troff.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tcopy
Copies or scans a magnetic tape.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

tcsh
Is the enhanced version of the UNIX C shell csh. Primarily a command language interpreter that can be
used as
a login shell and a shell script command processor.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tee
Copies STDIN to STDOUT as well as to files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
telltc
Shows the current values of all terminal capabilities.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
telnet, tn
Uses the telnet protocol to communicate with other hosts.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
test
Evaluates conditions. In if structures conditions are often used inside brackets ( [ ] ).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tftp
Sends files to and from a remote host using the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

tic
Compiles a terminfo file. The data is saved in the directory /usr/share/lib/terminfo for AIX and Solaris
and in the
directory /usr/share/terminfo for BSD and Linux.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
time
Starts a program and shows statistics on STDERR about how long it took to run.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
times
Shows accumulated system and user times for processes run from the shell..
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
timex
Measures how much time it takes to run a command. It shows elapsed, user, and system time in
seconds.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tip
Connects to a remote host with full-duplex terminal connection creating an interactive session on a
local
terminal.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tnfdump
Converts TNF files to ASCII to make it suitable for analyze.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tnfxtract
Collects and extracts kernel trace information into a trace file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
touch
Gives the file specified a new time and date stamp. If the file does not exist it will be created.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tput
This utility is used to initialize a terminal or query a terminfo database.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tr
Replaces or deletes characters while copying from STDIN to STDOUT.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
traceroute
Shows you a list of the route a packets takes to reach a network host.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

trap
Runs the command when the shell receive signal. If command is a null string ("") it will reset the
signals to there
original behavior. Used alone it shows all traps.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
troff, gtroff
Formats the text in the specified file for printing or typesetting.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
true
Provides a true value in scripts, does nothing but always exits with a value of 0.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
truss
Is used to manage tracing of specific system calls and signals.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tset
Determines and configures your terminal.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tsort
Sorts items from a text file or STDIN and show on STDOUT an ordered listing of the items.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tty
Shows the terminal that is used as STDIN.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ttyadm
Manages port monitor specific data.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ttyctl
Freezes and unfreezes the tty. With no option, it shows the current status.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ttymon
Is used to manage port settings for terminal ports.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
tunefs
Changes the dynamic parameters of an unmounted file system that exists in /etc/vfstab.
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turnacct
Manages process accounting.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
type
Shows a description of a commands type.
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typeset, declare
Sets values and attributes for variables. A new variable instance is created when used inside functions.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ucblinks
Is used to add compatibility for SunOS 4.x devices to a SunOS5.x system. Adds /dev entries.
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ufsdump
Creates a backup of all specified files or file systems to a hard drive, floppy disk or tape.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ufsrestore
Restores backup files created with ufsdump from backup media. Restore is placed in current directory.
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uil
Starts the UIL compiler. A language to describe the initial state of a user interface for a Motif
application.
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ul
Reads STDIN or specified files and alter the underscore characters to fit your terminal.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ulimit
Sets and shows the size limits used by the shell and its child processes. Shows the current limit if not
given.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
umask
Alters the file mode creation mask of the current shell execution environment.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
umount, unmount
Unmounts local or remote file systems. AIX also have a unmount command with the same syntax.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
umountall
Unmounts all mounted filesystems except root, /proc, /var, and /usr.
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unalias
Erases the definitions of all aliases specified on the command line from the current shell execution
environment.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uname
Shows information about the current system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uncomplete
Removes any patterns specified with the command complete.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uncompress
Uncompresses .Z files. Removes the .Z suffix when it is done.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unexpand
Replaces the spaces in text files created with expand back to Tab characters.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unfunction
Removes functions.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unget, sccs-unget
Undoes all changes in a SCCS history file that was made by the command get -e.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unhash
Disables the internal hash table. In zsh it will remove names from the internal hash table.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

unifdef
Identifies and removes lines containing an ifdef mark from a C program source, leaving the rest of the
file
untouched.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uniq
Filters out adjacent lines that are alike and shows the output on STDOUT or save it to a file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
units
Tells you interactively how to convert a unit quantity to another type, for example, from inches to
centimeters.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unix2dos
Converts the ISO standard characters in a file to match with the DOS format.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unlimit
Removes resource limits. If no options is specified all limits will be erased.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unlink
Unlinks files and directories. Does not use any error checking.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unpack
Decompresses files created by pack. Removes the .z suffix when done.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unset
Removes variable or function from the shell.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unsetenv
Removes environment variables.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unsetopt
Unsets any of the shell variables. Please see zsh for all options.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unshare
Makes the shared local resource unavailable for mounting from remote systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unshareall
Unassigns the shared resources on the specified File System Types.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
until
Repeats the commands until expression is true.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

unzip
Is used to uncompress and show the compressed files from a zip archive. It also shows or tests
compressed
files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uptime
Shows how long the system has been up, number of users and the load average for the last 1, 5 and 15
minutes.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
useradd
Creates an account for a new user with permissions and memberships set.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
userdel
Erases a user's account from the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
usermod
Alters a specified user's login account permissions and memberships on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
users
Shows a one-line list of the users who are logged in on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
utmp2wtmp
Is used by runacct to create an entry in the file /var/adm/wtmp for every user logged on to the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
utmpd
Monitors /var/adm/utmp and /var/adm/utmpx files and fixes them if they are not correct.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uucheck
Is used to monitor uucp directories and permissions files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uucico
Transfers files used by the uucp command to a specific location.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uucleanup
Searches the spool directories and cleans them up.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uucp
Copies files from one place to another inside UNIX (UNIX to UNIX copy).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uudecode
Decodes an encoded file created by uuencode. The decoded file name is set by uuencode.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uudemon.admin

Sends uucp status information to an administrator.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uudemon.hour
Starts the commands uusched and uuxqt in the background.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uudemon.poll
Polls remote systems by a schedule specified in /etc/uucp/Poll
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uuencode
Creates an encoded file to use when you send mail.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uuglist
Shows you a list of available service grades on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uulog
Shows information from the transaction logs of uucp or uuxqt.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uuname
Shows a list of all the systems that is known to the uucp command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uupick
Searches for files sent to you from other systems and prompts you for action.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uusched
Is a scheduler for file transport and is normally started by cron.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uustat
Shows information about the uucp jobs on a local or remote system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uuto
Uses uucp to send files to remote systems. Keeps access control, notifies the receiver on completion.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Uutry
Contacts remote systems using uucico and stores debugging information in /tmp/systemname.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

uux
Is used to execute a command on a remote UNIX based system and still enable the user to work locally.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
uuxqt
Executes remote requested jobs created by using the uux command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vacation
Replies to mail automatically. Useful when you are out of the office.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
val, sccs-val
Verifies an SCCS file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
valyorn
Validates a response; used with ckyorn.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vc
Copies lines from STDIN to STDOUT with arguments and control statements. Used for version
control.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vedit
Is the vi editor for beginners, it sets the report flags to 1 and turns showmode and novice flags on.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vgrind
Formats program source using troff to make it more easy to read.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vi, view
Edits or views text files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
viewres
Shows the tree structure of the widget class hierarchy of the Athena Widget Set.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vipw
Edits the password file /etc/passwd.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vmstat
Shows various statistics for the system. For example memory and io usages.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
volcheck
Checks whetherf any new media has been inserted into any removable media device.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
volcopy
Makes an image copy of the file system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vold
Is the volume management daemon that manages CD-ROM and floppy devices.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
volrmmount
Used to mount or unmount media. To do this, it uses rmmount.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vsig
Synchronizes a co-process with its controlling FMLI application. To synchronize, it signals to the
FMLI process.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
w
Shows information about logged in users.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
wait
Waits for a background process to complete. C and TC-Shell will wait for all background processes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
wall
Shows a message to all currently logged in users.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
wc
Counts characters, words, and lines in files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
what
Gets SCCS version information from a file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whatis
Shows the header line from the manual page for a command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whence
Shows how a command will be interpreted.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
where
Shows where a command is located, including alias, internal, and in the path.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whereis
Searches binary, source and manual page files for the specified command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
which
Shows the path to a command.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
while
Repeats the commands while the expression is true.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
who
Shows who is on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
who am i
Is actually the who command but only shows the current user. It takes two arguments that can be
anything.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whoami
Shows the login name of the current effective user.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whocalls
Tracks procedure calls.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whodo
Shows who is doing what on the system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
whois
Finds names or handles for an internet domain name.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
winsysck
Checks which window system protocols are available.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
write
Writes to another user's screen. The messages is read from the console. Can be used to reply in AIX.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
wsinfo
Is a GUI that shows name, type, host ID, IP address, domain, memory, OS version, and more about the
system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
wtmpfix
Inspects specified wtmpdatabase files, correct the time and date stamps to make the entries consistent.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
X
Is the X-window system which is a network-transparent GUI system developed by X Consortium, Inc.
This is
used with bitmap display systems and manages user input to and from various programs.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xargs
Creates a list of arguments, start a program and run the arguments.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xauth
Manages the authorization rules used when connecting to a X-server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xconsole
Shows console messages with X.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xfindproxy
Finds proxy services to be used with a proxy manager.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xfs
Supplies fonts to X-Window servers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xfwp
Is an X firewall proxy. Provides an application layer firewall for X traffic. Makes it possible to hide
destination X-
server addresses and secure incoming X-connections.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xgettext
Creates portable message files, that contains copies of C string that are found in ANSI C source code.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

xhost
Controls access to the X server by keeping a list of allowed hosts and users.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xinit
Starts the the X-Window server specified.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xkill
Kills an X client. Useful for removing problematic programs.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xload
Shows a histogram over the average system load.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xlock
Locks the local X screen until the user enters a password.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xlsatoms
Shows the specified interned atoms on the server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xlsclients
Shows client applications that run on a screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xlsfonts
Lists X Window fonts that match a specified pattern.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xlswins
Shows a window tree for X.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xmag
Enlarges parts of the screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xman
Shows man pages in a browser when running X.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xmkmf
Converts an Imakefile to a Makefile.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xmodmap
Shows and modify the keymaps in X.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xntpd
Is a daemon that controls the time of day for UNIX systems.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xntpdc
Queries and controls the states on the Network Time Protocol daemon called xntpd.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xpr
Prints out X window dump information.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Xprt
Is an X print server for Solaris
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xrdb
Contains resources for the X server. This program normally runs from an X startup file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xrefresh
Refreshes all or part of an X screen.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xset
Sets the user options for the X display. Such as mouse, bell, keys and much more.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xsetroot
Modifies how to view the background window on a workstation that runs X.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xstr
Keeps a library of strings from component parts in large programs that can be used as shared constant
strings.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xterm
Is a terminal emulator for X-Window. Provides terminal emulation for programs that can't use X-
Window.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

xwd
Saves window images into a dump file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xwininfo
Shows X window information on the X server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
xwud
Shows an image dump that is saved in a formatted dump file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
yacc, byacc
Converts a file containing grammar rules into a C-source file name y.tab.c.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypbind
Runs at startup and keeps information about the bindings between NIS clients and servers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypcat
Shows the values in the specified NIS map.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypinit
Sets up an NIS server or client system.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypmatch
Shows the values of keys from a NIS map.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
yppasswd
Alters the password in the NIS database.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
yppoll
Uses ypserv to get the version number and master NIS server for the specified map.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
yppush
Copies a new NIS map from the master server to the slave servers.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypserv
Is a NIS server daemon that looks up information requested by other yp commands.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypset
Tells ypbind to use the specified server for NIS services.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypstart
Starts NIS (Network Information Service). Use ypstop to stop it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypstop
Stops NIS (Network Information Service). Use ypstart to start it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypwhich
Shows the name of the NIS server that provides the name services to a NIS client.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypxfr
Manages NIS map transfers between a NIS server and a host.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ypxfrd
Efficiently transfers entire NIS maps. Should be run from the master server.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zcat
Decompresses and shows the specified files without altering them.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zdump
Shows the current date and time for the time zones that you specify on the command line.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zic
Creates files that can be used for time conversion.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zip
Compresses files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zipcloak
Encrypts or decrypts a compressed file.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zipinfo
Shows information about a zip archive, permissions, compression type, encryption, OS, version type,
and more.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zipnote
Inserts notes and comments into zip files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zipsplit
Splits one zip file into many zip files.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
zsh
Is an interactive login shell and shell script command processor.