Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study.

(PDF Download Available)

Search for publications, researchers, or questions or


Download DiscoverShare
citation by subject
Joinarea
for free full-text PDF
Download Log in

The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study.


ArticleJanuary 2012 with 232 Reads
Cite this publication

1st Antonia Odagiu 2nd Oroian Ioan Gheorghe


14.32 University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine

3rd Tania Cecilia Mihaiescu +1


Last Manuela Camelia MIRZA
16.42 University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary ...

Show more authors

Discover the world's research


13+ million members
100+ million publications
700k+ research projects

Join for free

Full-text (PDF)
Available from: Tania Cecilia Mihaiescu, Jan 13, 2016

Download full-text PDF

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 1/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

Bulletin UASVM Agriculture 69(2)/2012


Print ISSN 1843-5246; Electronic ISSN 1843-5386

The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study

Antonia ODAGIU1), Ioan Gh. OROIAN1), Tania MIHAIESCU1), Aurel MAXIM1),


Manuela Camelia MIRZA2)
1)
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca,
Calea Mntur, no. 3 - 5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania; antonia.odagiu@gmail.com
2)
Faculty of Medicine, Iuliu HaieganuUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca,
str.Victor Babes 8, 400012Cluj-Napoca, Romania; mcm1967@yahoo.com

Abstract. The new concept of ecological fingerprint is approached in this paper, together with a
case study concerning the carbon fingerprint. The scientific bases of this concept were elaborated by
Rees and Wackernagel, at University of Columbia in early 90s. Their overall significance last in the
ability of our planet to produce all resources needed for a healthy food, goods, and services supplies,
in order to satisfy the consumption needs of population, and also to absorb the waste produced by the
earth population and their activities. Thus, the concerned resources, consumptions, waste, etc. are
transformed into a single variable. The basis of this approach is represented by the ratio between the
human consumption of natural resources and the global capacity of earth to regenerate natural
resources. The global hectares represents the measure unit for the ecological fingerprint, and it has
four components. These four components of the ecological fingerprint are represented by: the carbon
fingerprint, the food fingerprint, the housing fingerprint, and the goods and services fingerprint.

Keywords: carbon, housing, goods and services, food, global hectares

INTRODUCTION

Because in last century a continuous decreasing of natural resources supplies was


recorded, increasing attention has been given to both planet resources and impacts of
anthropic factor on their deployment, and also on finding a method able to allow us to
quantify the remaining Earth resources, the rhythm of consumption and ecosystems health
status (Bastianoni et al., 2004; Kalacska, et al., 2007).
In last two decades, a new ecological concept was launched the ecological
fingerprint. The scientific bases of this concept were elaborated by Rees and Wackernagel, at
University of Columbia in early 90s (Rees, 1992; Wackernagel et al., 1995).
An interesting and valuable trait of the ecological fingerprint is represented by the
capacity of this sintagm to comprehend an entire methodology, which allows the capacity to
combine data from all ecological interesting fields and express them as an equation with four
variables. Their overall significance last in the ability of our planet to produce all resources
needed for a healthy food, goods, and services supplies, in order to satisfy the consumption
needs of population, and also to absorb the waste produced by the earth population and their
activities (Wackernagel et al., 1995). Thus, the concerned resources, consumptions, waste,
etc. are transformed into a single variable.
The basis of this approach is represented by the ratio between the human
consumption of natural resources and the global capacity of earth to regenerate natural
resources. The global hectares represents the measure unit for the ecological fingerprint,
and it has four components (Fig. 1).

189

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 2/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 3/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

THE CARBON THE FOOD


FINGERPRINT FINGERPRINT

THE ECOLOGICAL
FINGERPRINT

THE HOUSING THE GOODS AND SERVICES


FINGERPRINT FINGERPRINT

Fig.1. The structure of the ecological fingerprint

The components of the ecological fingerprint include the followings: carbon


fingerprint, food fingerprint, housing fingerprint, goods and services fingerprint, and they all
contribute by specific ways and means to creation of the global ecological fingerprint
(Kalacska et al., 2007; http://khidr.org/Green_Fingerprint.pdf).
The carbon fingerprint represents the land and water areas, necessary to absorb the
associate emissions:
energy consumption;
transport facilities.
The food fingerprint is the quantity of vegetal and animal food, needed for:
annual consumption by person;
area needed in order to absorb the carbon dioxide associated to food
production, processing and transport.

190

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 4/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 5/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

The housing fingerprint includes the following components:


land area needed for construction, arrangement and furniture supplies for one
house;
land area needed for one house water supply
land and ocean area needed for the absorption of carbon dioxide produced by one
house.
The goods and services fingerprint is represented by the land and ocean area necessary for:
absorption of the carbon dioxide emissions associated to goods production,
transport and storage;
commercial activities.
A series of factors have considerable contribution in creating the global ecological fingerprint,
from simple components as agricultural land, up to complex factors as those involved in industrial
areas (industrial constructions, mining and hydrocarbons industry) up to infrastructure, or reforestation
issues (Fig. 2).

Agricultural Marine Areas occupied by industrial


lands fishing areas constructions

Infrastructure Urban and rural Areas destined to waste


arrangements human settlements storage and neutralizing

Forestated Areas recently


Mine products or hydrocarbons
areas reforested
extraction and storage

Fig.2. Example of carbon fingerprint calculation

THE CALCULATION OF CARBON FINGERPRINT - A CASE STUDY

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The public illuminate in a medium size town is supplied by 1.50 millions bulbs, with
total power of 130 kW.
The main objectives of our study consist of calculation of the quantity of carbon
dioxide emissions as consequence of using these sources of energy during one year with an
average daily functioning of 8 hours, and how many global hectares of wood trees are needed
to assimilate that quantity of carbon dioxide released in atmosphere, by the mentioned source.

191

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 6/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 7/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

These objectives can be achieved by following means: calculation of the total


functioning time of the public illuminate, calculation of the total energy consumption
expressed in kWh, transformation of the energy consumption in kJ, calculation of the
correspondent carbon quantity, and calculation of the corresponding carbon dioxide quantity,
calculation of the global hectares needed for absorption of released carbon dioxide.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

The calculation of the total functioning time of the public illuminate:


3556 days x 8 hours/day = 2.848 hours
The calculation of the total energy consumption expressed in kWh:
2.848 hours x 130 kW = 370,240 kW
370,240 kW x 3.60 = 1,332,864 kWh
1,332,864 kWh x 3.60 = 4,798,310.40 MJ = 4,798.31 GJ
The transformation of the energy consumption in J and gasoline:
4,798.31 GJ/ 43.97 GJ/tone gasoline = 109.13 tones gasoline
109.13 tones gasoline x 1,356 L/tone = 147,980.28 L gasoline
The calculation of the correspondent carbon quantity:
147,980.28 L gasoline x 2.42 : 3.79 = 94,488.72 kg carbon
The calculation of the corresponding carbon dioxide quantity:
94,488.72 kg carbon x 3.66 = 345,828.74 kg CO2
345.83 tones CO2
The calculation of the global hectares needed for absorption of released carbon
dioxide:
Taking into consideration that 1 hectare of wood is able to assimilate 5.20 tons of CO2:
345.83 tones CO2/5.20 = 66,505.53 ha of wood
and
1 hectare of wood corresponds to 1.40 global hectares, results
47,503.95 global hectares

CONCLUSION

The quantity of carbon dioxide emissions as consequence of using these sources of


energy during one year with an average daily functioning of 8 hours is equal to 345.83 tones
CO2 , and the number of global hectares is 47,503.95 global hectares).

REFERENCES

1. Bastianoni, S., F.M. Pulselli, Tiezzi E. (2004) The problem of assigning responsibility for
greenhouse gas emissions, Ecological Economics 49: 253 - 257.
2. Kalacska, M., G.A. Sanchez Azofeifa, T. Caelli, H. Peter White, J.C. Calvo-Alvarado
(2007). Ecological fingerprinting of ecosystem succession: Estimating secondary tropical dry forest
structure and diversity using imaging spectroscopy, Remote Sensing of Environment 108 (1): 82 - 96
3. Rees, W.E. (1992) Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: what urban
economics leaves out, Environment and Urbanization 4(2): 121-130.
4. Wackernagel, M. (1994). Ecological Footprint and Appropriated Carrying Capacity: A Tool
for Planning Toward Sustainability. Vancouver, Canada: School of Community and Regional
Planning. The University of British Columbia.
5. Wackernagel, M., J. Silverstein (2000). Big things first: focusing on the scale imperative
with the Ecological Footprint, Ecological Economics 32: 391-394.

192

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 8/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 9/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Citations 0 References 0
Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

This research doesn't cite any other publications.

Recommendations
Discover more publications, questions and projects in Case Studies

Project

Determination of heavy metal content of aquatic plants by atomic absorption


spectrometry
Tania Cecilia Mihaiescu Radu Mihaiescu
- Analysis of Environmental Pollutants - Monitoring the levels of heavy metals in water environment - Assessment of surface water quality characteristics

View project

Project

Assessment of noise level


Tania Cecilia Mihaiescu Radu Mihaiescu
View project

Project

Water Quality Assessment


Tania Cecilia Mihaiescu Radu Mihaiescu Edward Muntean
View project

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 10/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Project
Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

Heavy metals in water


Paulette Laura Erzsebet Buta Tania Cecilia Mihaiescu [...] Maria Cantor
View project

Article

Monitoring drinking water quality in Cluj-Napoca municipality during a three years


period.
January 2013

Read more

Article

Study concerning the quality indices of flowing waters. A case study: Iara River.
January 2013

Read more

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 11/12
8/29/2017 The Environmental Fingerprint. A Case Study. (PDF Download Available)

Article
Download citation Share Download full-text PDF

Cluster Analyze Approach in Monitoring Some Physico-Chemical Parameters of


Drinking Water from Munic...
January 2011

A data matrix, obtained from a 2-year (2010 2011) monitoring programme, was subjected to cluster analyze to obtain information about pH, electric conductivity
and dissolved oxygen drinking water sampled from six sites, to identify possible variances in drinking water quality, and problems in town pipe network, even
indications on its toxicity. The drinking water analyzed parameters were also... [Show full abstract]

Read more

Article

The Air Microelemental Pollution and Trees Health Status. A Case Study: Quantification
of Air Pollut...
December 2012

Read more

Discover more

Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions
from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.

This publication is from a journal that may support self archiving. Learn more

2008-2017 ResearchGate GmbH. All rights reserved. About usHelp CenterCareersDevelopersNewsContact usPrivacyTermsCopyright | AdvertisingRecruiting

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262615241_The_Environmental_Fingerprint_A_Case_Study 12/12