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MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE

RUMUS MATEMATIK

The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are
the ones commonly used.
Rumus-rumus berikut boleh membantu anda menjawab soalan. Simbol-simbol yang diberi
adalah yang biasa digunakan.

RELATIONS
PERKAITAN

1 a m × a n = a m+n

2 a m ÷ a n = a m–n

3 (am)n = am n

4 Distance / jarak = ( x 2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2

5 Mid Point / Titik Tengah

x1 + x 2 y + y2
(x , y) = , 1
2 2

6 Average Speed = distance travelled


time taken
jarak yang dilalui masa
Purata laju =masa yang diambil

7 Mean = sum of data


Min = number of data
hasil tambah nilai data
bilangan data

8 Pythagoras Theorem / Teorem Pithagoras

c2 = a2 + b2
2
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SHAPES AND SPACE
BENTUK DAN RUANG

1 Area of rectangle = length × width


Luas segiempat tepat = panjang × lebar

1
2 Area of triangle = × base × height
2
1
Luas segitiga = × tapak × tinggi
2

3 Area of parallelogram = base × height


Luas segiempat selari = tapak × tinggi

1
4 Area of trapezium = × sum of parallel side × height
2
1
Luas trapezium = × hasil tambah dus sisi selari × tinggi
2

5 Circumference of circle = π d = 2π r
Lilitan bulatan = π d = 2π j

6 Area of circle = π r2
Luas bulatan = π j2
7 Curved surface area of cylinder = 2 π rh
Luas permukaan melengkung silinder = 2 π jt

8 Surface area of sphere = 4π r2


Luas permukaan sfera = 4π j2

9 Volume of right prism = cross sectional area × length


Isipadu prisma tegak = luas keratan rentas × panjang

10 Volume of cuboid = length × width × height


Isipadu kuboid = panjang × lebar × tinggi

11 Volume of cylinder = πr2h


Isipadu silinder = π j2t

1 2
12 Volume of cone = πr h
3
1
Isipadu kon = π j2t
3

4 3
13 Volume of sphere = πr
3

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4 3
Isipadu sfera = πj
3
1
14 Volume of right pyramid = × base area × height
3
1
Isipadu pyramid tegak = × luas tapak × tinggi
3

15 Sum of interior angles of a polygon = (n – 2) × 180°


Hasil tambah sudut pedalaman poligon = (n – 2) × 180°

Arc length Angle subtended at centre


16 Circumference = 360°
Sudut pusat
Panjang lengkok =
Lilitan bulatan
360°

Angle subtended at centre


17. Area of sector = 360°
Area of circle
Sudut pusat
Luas sektor =
Luas bulatan
360°

18. Scale factor / Faktor skala, k = PA΄


PA

19. Area of image = k2 × area of object


Luas imej = k2 × luas objek

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Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan For
Examiner’s
Use

3 2 2
1 Calculate the value of ( 1 + ) ÷ 3 and express the answer as a fraction in
5 3 5
its lowest term .
3 2 2
Hitung nilai bagi ( 1 + ) ÷ 3 dan nyatakan jawapan itu sebagai satu
5 3 5
pecahan dalam bentuk teringkas.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
Answer / Jawapan:

3 1
2 Calculate the value of 0.6 + ( - ) and express the answer as decimal.
10 50
3 1
Hitung nilai bagi 0.6 + ( - ) dan nyatakan jawapan itu sebagai nombor
10 50
perpuluhan.

[2 marks] 2
[2 markah]
Answer / Jawapan:
2

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3 a) Find the value of 3 0.000125


Cari nlai bagi 3 0.000125

b) Calculate the value of 43 + ( 144 - 32 )


Kira nlai bagi
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
Answer / Jawapan:

4 a) Solve each of the following equations:


Selesaikan tiap-tiap persamaan berikut

a) 2p = -49 – 5p
3x + 2
b) =7
5
[3 marks]
[3 markah

Answer / Jawapan:

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For
Examiner’s
5. Diagram 1 in the answer space shows that B is the image of A under a Use
reflection in the line MN..
7
Rajah 1 di ruang jawapan menunjukkan B adalah imej bagi A di bawah satu
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pantulan pada garis MN.

Draw the line MN


Lukiskan garis MN tersebut

[2 marks]
[2
markah

5
A

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

P Q
P

P
U P’ R

6. Diagram 2 shows two polygons, P and P’, drawn on a grid of equal squares
with sides of 1 unit.
Rajah T M dan MS′ , yang dilukis pada grid segiempat SULIT
50/2 © 2 menunjukkan
2009 PPD Kudat dua poligon, 576 11912
13
17
18
19
20
15
10
16
8
sama bersisi 1 unit. {LIHAT SEBELAH]
8 cm Diagram 2 For
P P Diagram
QDiagram
Table
8Rajah
66.022cm R [6 marks]gred ForEaminer’s
Examiner’s
-4A of student
Number -3 B -2 Rajah-1 OC 0 y R 1 D 2 E[6 markah] x 3 Use
2 325464323
4 units 6 units Rajah
Jadual
6 5 units
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MARKING SCHEME

ITEM MARKING SCHEME SUB- MARKS


MARKS

1. 34 5 K1
×
15 317
N1 2
2
=
3

2. 14 7 K1
0.6 +( ) or 0.6 + 0.28 or 0.6 + 2
50 25
= 0.88 N1

a) 0.05
3. P1
b) 64 + ( 12 -9) or 64 + 3 3
K1
67
N1

4. a) p = -7 N1

b ) 3x = 33 K1 3

x = 11 N1

5. Line Of reflection MN correct P2


Note:- i) Dotted line drawn – award P1

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6.
P2
5
Translation ( ) 2
-2

Note:- i) Translation - award P1


5
ii) ( ) - award P1
-2
iii) Do not accept wrong spelling, or (5, – 2), or
( 5 )
-2

a) xs( 7x + s) N1 3
7.
b) cd²( 1 - d²) K1

= cd²( 1 –d) (1 +d) N1

8.
x 2 - 2xy + 3xy - 6y 2
= x 2 + xy - 6y 2 K1 2

N1

xº 17 cm

S Q
R
9 cm

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

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9 X ≥ 3 or x ≤ 6 K1 3
3 ≤x≤6
K1
3, 4, 5, 6 ( list the integers)
N1
10
PR = 10 ( Theorem pythagoras) K1
2 2
Sin xº = N1
3

11

K1
Uniform
scale
Note:- i) 3 or 4 points marked correctly – award K1
ii) Do not accept dotted line, free hand drawing. K2
iii) Drawing starts from 0 – award N 0 5 points
marked 4
correctly.

N1
Straight
line
drawn to
join each
point.

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12.
Number of students taking tuition classes
Bilangan pelajar yang mengambil kelas tusyen

Mathematic
matematik

Science
Sains
3

English
Bahasa
Inggeris

13
represent/mewakili 40 student/pelajar.
3
1 1 3
-
13 42 q 2 p2 ÷ q 2 p2 K1
1 3
+
2 2 3
2q p 2- 2 K1
2q 2
N1
14
-
Construct 30 K2
-
Extend line 30 K1
-
Line segment 6.0 cm K1
- Complete triangle PQR K1 6
- Construct angle bisector K1
(a) Angle Q = ± 3.6°

15 Scale correct K1
All point correctly plotted K2
If 2 point incorrect award - 1 mark K1
Smooth line.

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16

N3

17 2 K1
2 N1 2
18F m = 2T
T = 9F 2 m

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18
a)Circle with centre O and radius of 2 units P2
- Award 1 mark if the circle drawn

P Q

⊗ R
U

T S

Locus Y

K1
Locus Z K1
N1
(i) locus of Y
(ii) Locus of Z
(a) Intersection locus of Y and Z

1
19 4 2n =
64
K1 2
4 2 n = 4 -3
N1
-3
n=
2

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20 (a) Score Frequency


0 11
1 13
2 10
3 8
N2 3
Mode = 1
N1

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COORDINATOR

ANUAR ISMAIL
PENOLONG PEGAWAI PELAJARAN DAERAH
UNIT PENGURUSAN AKADEMIK

PANEL MEMBERS

1. Raymon Matuha SMK Motungung, Kudat


2. Lezabit @ Jubi Dusin SMK Abdul Rahim, Kudat
3. Nadeha Iskandar SMK Kudat II, Kudat

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