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**Low Pass and High Pass Filters
**

Aim: To Design a second order active low-pass filter according to the cut-off frequency given

and obtain its frequency response.

Components Required:

**Sl No Components Specification Quantity
**

1 Op-amp µA741 1

2 AFO and Power - 1 each

Supply

IT

3 CRO - 1

4 Resistors 5.86 kΩ, 3.9 kΩ, 1,2,3

10kΩ

M

5 Capacitors 0.01 µF 2

6 Breadboard - 1

7 CRO probes - 3

Theory:

8 Connecting Wires

G - 1 Set

E

Circuit Diagram:

EC

C

LI

Figure 1: 2nd Order Low-Pass Filter

Dept ECE, GMIT, Davangere Page 1

LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 Circuit Design: Given Cut-off frequency. G E Assume EC Response Curve: C LI Figure 2: 2nd Order Low-Pass Filter Frequency Response Dept ECE. GMIT. AF = Pass-band Gain = 1. IT M For Non-inverting Amplifier gain AF is given by.01 µF Cut-off frequency is given by.586 Assume C = 0. Davangere Page 2 .

LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 Tabulation: Assume Vin = 0. A graph for gain v/s frequency is plotted. Circuit is rigged up as shown in figure 1. Theoretical and practical values are verified. Davangere Page 3 .5 Vp-p is applied using AFO and output is observed on the CRO. 3. 8. GMIT. LI 9. Circuit is energized using ± 12 V power supply. 5. EC 2. 4. values of resistor and capacitors are calculated as per the design. Result: Theoretical Practical cut-off frequency fH = 4 KHz Roll off factor = .5 Vp-p Frequency (Hz) Vout (V) Gain db = 20 log(Vout/Vin) IT M Procedure: G E 1. For given cut-off frequency and pass band gain. is calculated. Frequency is varied in steps of 100 Hz.40 dB/decade Dept ECE. Values are tabulated and the gain is calculated. An input of 0. 6. 200Hz etc. C 7. readings are noted down.

86 kΩ.01 µF 2 6 Breadboard . 1 Set Theory: G Circuit Diagram: E EC C LI Figure 3: 2nd Order High-Pass Filter Dept ECE. 1 IT 4 Resistors 5.7 kΩ. GMIT. 1 each 3 CRO .2.LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 Aim: Design a second order active high-pass filter according to the cut-off frequency given and obtain its frequency response. 1. 1 M 7 CRO probes . Davangere Page 4 . Components required: Sl No Components Specification Quantity 1 Op-amp µA741 1 2 AFO and Power Supply . 4.3 10kΩ 5 Capacitors 0. 3 8 Connecting Wires .

01 µF Cut-off frequency is given by. IT M For Non-inverting Amplifier gain AF is given by.586 Assume C = 0. GMIT. Davangere Page 5 . G E Assume EC Response Curve: C LI Figure 4: 2nd Order High-Pass Filter Frequency Response Dept ECE.LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 Circuit Design: Given Cut-off frequency. AF = Pass-band Gain = 1.

Frequency is varied in steps of 100 Hz. readings are noted down. For given cut-off frequency and pass band gain. values of resistor and capacitors are calculated as per the design.5 Vp-p is applied using AFO and output is observed on the CRO. An input of 0. A graph for gain v/s frequency is plotted. GMIT. 8. 200Hz etc. 4. LI 9. 5. 6. Davangere Page 6 . 3.5 Vp-p Frequency (Hz) Vout (V) Gain db = 20 log(Vout/Vin) IT M Procedure: G E 1. Values are tabulated and the gain is calculated. is calculated. Circuit is energized using ± 12 V power supply. C 7.40 dB/decade Dept ECE. Circuit is rigged up as shown in figure 1. Theoretical and practical values are verified. EC 2. Result: Theoretical Practical cut-off frequency fL = 4 KHz Roll off factor = .LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 Tabulation: Assume Vin = 0.

Davangere Page 7 . GMIT.LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 IT M G E EC C LI Dept ECE.

LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 IT M G E EC C LI Dept ECE. GMIT. Davangere Page 8 .

LIC & AC Lab Manual CBCS Scheme 15ECL48 IT M G E EC C LI Dept ECE. Davangere Page 9 . GMIT.

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