UNIX vs LINUX

UNIX and LINUX are both open source operating systems. Open source means that the source
code of the operating system can be inspected as well as improved. The UNIX operating system
was developed before LINUX. There are certain differences between the two.

UNIX

The UNIX operating system was developed in 1969 at Bell labs. Now, UNIX is owned by The
Open Group which sees its development. A single UNIX specification is published by this group.
There are many other operating systems that are similar to UNIX or share its features. The
operating systems called UNIX-like.

Generally, network servers or workstations have UNIX installed on them. UNIX served as a
backbone of early internet and today, it plays an important part in the functioning of it. It is a
portable system that allows multiprocessing in a computer and even multiple users can log in at
the same time.

Text input was employed in early UNIX systems and a hierarchical file system for storage was
used. Since then, the system has changed a lot but still some commands are same. The Open
Group purchased UNIX from Novell in 1994. There are number of other kernels of operating
system that are based on UNIX.

The most famous among these is the LINUX kernel. Linus Torvalds made a free version of
LINUX kernel in 1992. It was released under the GNU license and it was a complete open source
OS. Other distributions of this popular kernel are Ubuntu, Red hat and Fedora.

LINUX

LINUX is UNIX-like and an open source operating system. This operating system can be
inspected and improvements can be made as desired. Open source platforms have an added
advantage especially regarding security as programmers around the world provide their creative
inputs. Also, open source platforms can be tested by computer programmers around the globe. It
is not possible in closed system like Microsoft Windows.

There are different iterations of the LINUX kernel such as Ubuntu, Red hat and Fedora. Most of
them have common features but they have been tailored according to specific needs.

In 1991, Linus Torvalds made the LINUX operating system when he was just an undergraduate
at the University of Helsinki (Finland). Even now, he is improving the system with the help of
hackers and programmers. The licensing of this operating system allows the user to copy as well
as distribute it freely with the source code.

Difference between UNIX and LINUX:

• The UNIX operating system is used in internet servers and workstations while

Read more: http://www. Linux is a good desktop OS while UNIX lacks the user friendliness needed for general computing 3. • The UNIX operating system was developed at Bell labs while LINUX operating system is made by LINUX Torvalds. UNIX is very old and Linux is based on it 2. 3) Linux support Tab key.com/difference-between-unix-and- linux/#ixzz1fNMh5svK Summary: 1. but unix not support Tab key . UNIX is proprietary while Linux is shared using the Licensing of the GNU Read more: Difference Between Unix and Linux | Difference Between | Unix vs Linux http://www.but if the default shell is /bin/sh in Unix. but linux is not like that it support all machines Difference Between Linux and Unix 1)Linux default shell is /bin/bash. • Although both the operating systems are open source but UNIX is relatively closed one as compared to LINUX. then Unix not store Command history. . where Unix default shell is /bin/sh (other shell also supported) 2) Linux Store all their command history.differencebetween. we cann't install unix in all machine we recquired a special machine to install unix.differencebetween. • The LINUX operating system is based on the kernel of UNIX operating system. Both Linux and Unix are GUI.net/technology/difference-between-unix-and- linux/#ixzz1fNN2NbTP the unix is the platform dependent the linux is platform independent. LINUX is mostly used on personal computers. UNIX is intended for mainframes and high end computers and cannot run on mos PCs while Linux can go from mainframes down to low end personal computers 4.

Most UNIX systems are commercial in nature. Due to this some where Unix defeats Linux. . UNIX like oses are not free. . linux is platformindependent One of the main difference between Unix and Linux is System Calls. . 2006 · 150 comments What is the difference between Linux and UNIX operating systems? UNIX is copyrighted name only big companies are allowed to use the UNIX copyright and name. . and manages the UNIX trademark licensing program. Difference Between Linux and UNIX by Vivek Gite on February 23. Linux and Unix are different by their Kernal levels. Linux is considered as most user friendly. Unix not a user Friently. Unix outlets uses same system calls while in Linux different calls. You can download it from the Internet or redistribute it under GNU licenses.. The Open Group holds the UNIX trademark in trust for the industry. .unix is the platform dependent . . so IBM AIX and Sun Solaris and HP-UX all are UNIX operating systems.Linux is Free.

and training for additional fees.date. However. However. For example HP-UX or Solaris comes with A-Z programs. some Linux distributions such as Redhat / Novell provides additional Linux support. All Linux distributions includes GUI system + GNU utilities (such as cp. Linux Is Just a Kernel Linux is just a kernel. As I said earlier Linux is just a kernel and Linux distribution makes it complete usable operating systems by adding various applications. UNIX operating systems comes with its own firewall product (for example Solaris UNIX comes with ipfilter based firewall) or you need to purchase a 3rd party software such as Checkpoint UNIX firewall. You will see the best community support for Linux. Apple OS X is most popular UNIX operating system for desktop usage.Linux is a UNIX Clone But if you consider Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) standards then Linux can be considered as UNIX. consultancy. It aims towards POSIX compliance. compilers etc. Firefox). mv. ls. Most UNIX like operating systems are not free (but this is changing fast. However. License and cost Linux is Free (as in beer [freedom]). most UNIX operating systems are considered as a complete operating system as everything come from a single source or vendor. bug fixing. It makes it easy to install sound card. "Open Group" do not approve of the construction "Unix-like". You can download it from the Internet or redistribute it under GNU licenses. . and consider it misuse of their UNIX trademark. However. bash etc) + installation & management tools + GNU c/c++ Compilers + Editors (vi) + and various applications (such as OpenOffice. Most UNIX operating systems comes with A-Z programs such as editor. User-Friendly Linux is considered as most user friendly UNIX like operating systems. To quote from Official Linux kernel README file: Linux is a Unix clone written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. and other desktop goodies. Security Firewall Software Linux comes with open source netfilter/iptables based firewall tool to protect your server and desktop from the crackers and hackers. for example OpenSolaris UNIX). flash players.

bash or ksh) and other development tools such as Perl or Eclipse development tool./etc/init. gpfs (HP-UX). However.g.  UNIX comes with various file systems such as jfs. They will use the same shell (e. Software RAID devices and mirroring . Suse Linux comes with Yast 3. jfs. editing text config file and typing commands are most popular options for sys admin work under UNIX and Linux. Hardware device names 3./etc/rc. the differences are not that big for the system administrator. File Systems  Linux by default supports and use ext3 or ext4 file systems. dump/restore. System Startup Scripts Almost every version of UNIX and Linux comes with system initialization script but they are located in different directories: 1. System Administration Tools 1./sbin/init. Redhat Linux comes with its own gui tools called redhat-config-*. jfs. However. both of them share some common tools such as tar. HP-UX .d End User Perspective The differences are not that big for the average end user.d/init. AIX . Software installation procedure 2. However. Various admin commands or utilities 4.d 3.Backup and Recovery Software UNIX and Linux comes with different set of tools for backing up data to tape and other backup media. UNIX comes with its own tools such as SAM on HP-UX. and cpio etc. 2. you may notice various differences while performing the following operations: 1.d 2. System Administrator Perspective Again. gpfs (AIX). Linux . gpfs (Solaris).

Logical volume management 6.org 4. Ubuntu Linux Common Things Between Linux & UNIX Both share many common applications such as: 1. bash) 3. Gnome) 2. Shells (ksh. Patch management UNIX Operating System Names A few popular names: 1. HP-UX 2. Fedora Linux 3. Debian Linux 4. 5. Development tools (perl. Sun Solairs 4. Redhat Enterprise Linux 2. Suse Enterprise Linux 5. php. file. IRIX Linux Distribution (Operating System) Names A few popular names: 1. csh. and windows managers (KDE. Posix interface A Sample UNIX Desktop Screenshot . Mac OS X 5. IBM AIX 3. GNU c/c++ compilers) 5. python. GUI. Various office applications such as OpenOffice. Package management 7.

Fig.01: UNIX Desktop .IRIX 6.5 Desktop A Sample Linux Desktop Screenshot .

02: Linux KDE desktop environment UNIX and Linux Hardware Commercial UNIX hardware has more advanced initial boot options such as:  Decide how to boot  Check system health  Set hardware parameters etc The BIOS that is standard in PCs which is used by Linux has few. of these features. AIX and HP-UX  40 years of Unix (Image credit IRIX and KDE wikipedia articles) . Further readings: Following documents or URL should help anyone to get more idea:  UNIX System Management and Security: Differences between Linux.Fig. Solaris. UNIX hardware or servers are pretty expensive as compare to Linux server systems.