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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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EC-C2 E-C60
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RENR3819-07
August 2009

320C Excavator
Hydraulic System
BEA1-UP DBG1-UP
FBA1-UP EAG1-UP
GAA1-UP GNG1-UP
GLA1-UP JTG1-UP
MAA1-UP AKH1-UP
PAA1-UP AXK1-UP
ANB1-UP BBL1-UP
BCB1-UP EGL1-UP
BDB1-UP BCN1-UP
MAB1-UP SBN1-UP
PAB1-UP BER1-UP
AMC1-UP BPR1-UP
BDC1-UP HKT1-UP
HBC1-UP RAW1-UP
CCD1-UP BRX1-UP
BDE1-UP BMZ1-UP
ALF1-UP

2009 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.


COMPONENT LOCATION
Part Machine Schematic
Description
Number Location Location
Accumulator 199-7447 42 B-5
Attachment Control Valve 186-1228 20 C-3
Boom Cylinder 158-8989 8 E-3
Boom Drift Reduction Valve 264-9963 12 D-2
Boom I Control Valve 240-3021 22 C-3
Boom II Control Valve 240-3021 13 C-6
Bucket Control Valve 240-3021 21 C-3
Bucket Cylinder 158-8996 7 E-3
Bypass Check Valve 173-4672 52 A-6
Case Drain Filter 126-2075 57 A-4
Hydraulic Tank 142-7671 56 A-4
Left Pump 244-8483 49 A-3
Left Travel Control Valve 137-3725 16 C-5
Left Travel Motor 107-7029 2 E-5
Line Relief Valve (Boom Cylinder Rod End) 116-3600 34 C-2
Line Relief Valve (Bucket Cylinder Head End) 116-3600 32 C-3
Line Relief Valve (Bucket Cylinder Rod End) 116-3600 31 C-3
Line Relief Valve (Stick Cylinder Head End) 267-3727 28 C-5
Main Control Valve 250-2586 10 C-5
Main Relief Valve 171-0030 18 C-4
Negative Flow Control Relief Valve I 109-5152 24 C-2
Negative Flow Control Relief Valve II 109-5152 25 C-6
Oil Cooler 204-1013 55 A-6
Pilot Control Valve (Boom and Bucket) 206-3303 39 C-7
Pilot Control Valve (Swing and Stick) 206-3304 38 B-7
Pilot Control Valve (Travel) 158-8250 35 C-7
Pilot Filter 5I-8670 59 A-3
Pilot Oil Manifold 215-5037 41 A-5
Pilot Pump 244-8483 50 A-3
Pilot Relief Valve 215-4909 58 A-4
Pressure Sensor (Left Pump) 157-3182 44 B-3
Pressure Sensor (Right Pump) 157-3182 60 A-3
Pressure Switch 1 167-3466 36 C-7
Pressure Switch 2 167-3466 37 C-7
Pressure Switch 3 167-3466 40 B-7
Reducing Valve (Boom/Swing Priority Mode) 232-4102 43 B-4
Return Filter 188-4140 53 A-6
Right Pump 244-8483 54 A-3
Right Travel Control Valve 137-3725 19 C-4
Right Travel Motor 107-7029 3 E-4
Slow Return Check Valve 173-4672 51 A-6
Solenoid Valve (Hydraulic Activation) 121-1491 48 A-5
Stick Cylinder 158-8992 4 E-7
Stick Drift Reduction Valve 264-9962 11 D-5
Stick I Control Valve 240-3021 14 C-5
Stick II Control Valve 240-3021 23 C-2
Stick Unloading Valve 158-8150 27 C-5
Straight Travel Control Solenoid 121-1491 17 C-4
Straight Travel Control Valve 231-6884 30 C-4
Swing Control Valve 240-3021 15 C-5
Swing Motor 158-8986 1 E-6
Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Valve 121-1491 46 A-5
Swivel 6V-9837 9 D-4
Travel Brake Valve (Left) 137-3718 5 E-5
Travel Brake Valve (Right) 137-3718 6 E-4
Travel Speed Solenoid Valve 121-1491 45 A-5
Variable Swing Priority Valve 153-5295 29 C-5
FLUID POWER SYMBOLS
BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS

MAIN AUX.
PUMP: VARIABLE and
PUMP or MOTOR FLUID CONDITIONER SPRING CONTROL VALVES RESTRICTION LINE RESTRICTION 2-SECTION PUMP PRESSURE COMPENSATED
(FIXED)

VARIABILITY SPRING LINE RESTRICTION PRESSURE HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC LINE RESTRICTION ATTACHMENT
(ADJUSTABLE) (VARIABLE) COMPENSATION ENERGY TRIANGLES VARIABLE and PRESSURE
COMPENSATED

VALVE ENVELOPES
VALVES
VALVE PORTS

ONE POSITION TWO POSITION THREE POSITION TWO-WAY THREE-WAY FOUR-WAY

CONTROL VALVES CHECK VALVES


AB AB

P T P T
BASIC SPRING SHUTTLE PILOT
NORMAL POSITION SHIFTED POSITION INFINITE POSITION
SYMBOL LOADED CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED PRESSURIZED RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

MEASUREMENT ROTATING SHAFTS

PRESSURE TEMPERATURE FLOW UNIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID SOLENOID SOLENOID SOLENOID and SERVO THERMAL DETENT


or MANUAL and PILOT PILOT or MANUAL

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER MANUAL SHUTOFF GENERAL MANUAL PUSH BUTTON PEDAL SPRING

RELEASED PRESSURE PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS


REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN INTERNAL RETURN SIMPLIFIED COMPLETE INTERNAL


SUPPLY PRESSURE

ACCUMULATORS CROSSING AND JOINING LINES HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SPRING LOADED GAS CHARGED LINES CROSSING LINES JOINING SINGLE ACTING DOUBLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS HYDRAULIC MOTORS INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT INFINITE THREE TWO


DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED POSITIONING POSITION POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL UNIDIRECTIONAL

FLOW IN ONE PARALLEL CROSS FLOW ALLOWED IN


BIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL DIRECTION FLOW FLOW EITHER DIRECTION
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS
Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

G M
Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Motor
(Fluid) (Gas / Air)

Pressure Switch Pressure Switch Temperature Switch Electrical Wire


(Adjustable)

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example Hydraulic Schematic Example

Current Standard Current Standard


Harness identification code
This example indicates
wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire
Circuit Number Wire Color
Identification

325-AG135 PK-14
325-PK
Circuit Identification Wire Color Wire Gauge
Number

Previous Standard
Wire Color
Wire

325-PK-14
B A
Circuit Number Wire Gauge
Identification (EXAMPLE VALVE)
7 6 5 4 3 2 1

(1) MOTOR GP (3) MOTOR GP


SWING RIGHT TRAVEL
158-8986 (2) MOTOR GP 107-7029
LEFT TRAVEL
107-7029

PG
E E
DR

MU (6) VALVE GP
(5) VALVE GP
TRAVEL BRAKE Pp3 Pp3 TRAVEL BRAKE
(LEFT) (RIGHT)
137-3718 T T 137-3718
(7) CYLINDER GP (8) CYLINDER GP
(4) CYLINDER GP BUCKET BOOM
STICK (14) VALVE GP 158-8996 158-8989
158-8992 STICK I
CONTROL
240-3021
(10) VALVE GP
MAIN CONTROL
B A
250-2586 A B B A
(11) VALVE GP
STICK DRIFT REDUCTION (22) VALVE GP
(21) VALVE GP BOOM I CONTROL (12) VALVE GP
(13) VALVE GP 264-9962 (9) SWIVEL GP BUCKET CONTROL 240-3021 BOOM DRIFT REDUCTION
BOOM II
6V-9837 240-3021 264-9963
CONTROL
D 240-3021 D

(35) VALVE GP
PILOT CONTROL (TRAVEL)
158-8250 (19) VALVE GP (20) VALVE GP (32) VALVE GP
RIGHT TRAVEL CONTROL ATCH CONTROL BP2 BPi
(16) VALVE GP LINE RELIEF
(25) VALVE GP
SPi SP2 137-3725 186-1228
LEFT TRAVEL (BUCKET CYL BDr
NFC RELIEF II SDr (17) STRAIGHT TRAVEL HEAD END) BP3
CONTROL
109-5152 SP3 CONTROL SOL 116-3600
137-3725 BR5
Di4
SP1 ST aL3 BL2 AL2 BL1 aL1 Pi4 121-1491 aR1 BR1 AR1 aR2 BR2 AR2 aR3 BR3 AR3 aR4 Pi1 AR4 BP1 BT AR5 aR5 R3
T AL4 aL4 BL3 R2 AL3 (IN) AL1 (CLOSE) (LOWER) BR4 R1
(RAISE) (15) VALVE GP
aL2 (30) VALVE GP (REV)
(L) (REV)
STRAIGHT TRAVEL (23) VALVE GP
SWING (24) VALVE GP
VALVE GP
CONTROL STICK II
STICK CONTROL NFC RELIEF I
231-6884 CONTROL
REGENERATION 240-3021 109-5152
240-3021(IN)
(18) VALVE GP
(36) PRESSURE (37) PRESSURE MAIN RELIEF
SWITCH 1 SWITCH 2 171-0030
C 167-3466 167-3466 C
DB2 (39) VALVE GP
DB1 DB6 PILOT (31) VALVE GP (34) VALVE GP
PB2 CONTROL
PD6 LINE RELIEF LINE RELIEF
PB1 (BOOM AND (BUCKET CYL VALVE GP (BOOM CYL
BUCKET) (29) VALVE GP ROD END) BOOM ROD END)
206-3303 VARIABLE SWING 116-3600 REGENERATION
109-5152
(27) VALVE GP (28) VALVE GP PRIORITY
STICK LINE RELIEF 153-5295
UNLOADING (STICK CYL
158-8150 HEAD END)
DOWN
R
OUT

UP
L

OPEN
CLOSE
IN

267-3727 (R) (FWD) (FWD) (OPEN) (RAISE) (OUT) HR


HL bL4 Di2 Pi2 bL3 Pi3 Di3 bL2 bL1 DST PL PR bR1 bR2 bR3 bR4 Di1 bR5
(OUT)

A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8

B1 B2 B3 B4 C B5 B6 B7 B8

B B
A2 B1 A1
DR
M2 G2
FR (44) SENSOR GP
U (49) PUMP GP PRESSURE (LEFT PUMP)
B2
(42) ACCUMULATOR LEFT 157-3182
RR Pn2
199-7447 P2 P1 244-8483
A2 Ps2
(38) VALVE GP (40) PRESSURE SWITCH 3 PsM2
PILOT CONTROL 167-3466
(SWING (45) VALVE GP P1 P2 Pi1 Pi2 PSA1 PSA2 S3
G4
AND STICK) NO1 (SW NO3 PAC (43) VALVE GP
(51) VALVE GP TRAVEL SPEED (TRAVEL) LINE PATTERNS
206-3304 PARKING) (LOCK) REDUCING
SLOW RETURN CHECK SOLENOID (48) VALVE GP
A B (BOOM/SWING S1 Dr2 Pressure Line
173-4672 121-1491 SOLENOID (50) PUMP GP
PRIORITY MODE) Dr1
Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure
C (HYDRAULIC PILOT
232-4102
(52) VALVE GP ACTIVATION)
G3
244-8483 Drain / Return Lines
(54) PUMP GP
BYPASS CHECK 121-1491 PsM1 Component Group
RIGHT
173-4672 D
G 244-8483 Ps1 CALLOUTS
A1
F E YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)
(53) FILTER GP DR1 DR2 DR3 DR4 DR5 DR6 PIN
TOUT1 Pn1
RETURN TOUT2
Callout Number Component
(Machine Location from (52) VALVE GP - CONTROL Name

A 188-4140 OUT IN Pi
Component LocationsTable)
138-1234 Part Number A
A3 M1 G1 Pm
T

(55) COOLER GP (46) VALVE GP (41) MANIFOLD GP


OIL SWING PARKING BRAKE PILOT OIL (56) HYDRAULIC TANK THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320C EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
204-1013 SOLENOID 215-5037 142-7671 MEDIA NUMBER: RENR3819-07
121-1491
(57) FILTER GP (58) VALVE GP (59) FILTER GP (60) SENSOR GP SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 158-8176, CHANGE: 11, VERSION: HE
CASE DRAIN PILOT RELIEF PILOT PRESSURE (RIGHT PUMP) Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, transmission shifter
in neutral and with parking brake set.
126-2075 215-4909 5I-8670 157-3182 Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.

7 6 5 4 3 2 1
MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

28 27 25 24 12 11 10 56 39 38

29

31
40
32
8
34 7
35
55
36
42
37
44
9
60

41

43

51

52 2 5 54 3 6 50 49 57 59 58 53 1
MAIN CONTROL VALVE
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

Pi1 Pi4 Pi2

HR
HL

R3

aR5 aR4 aR3 aR2 aR1 aL1 aL2 aL3 aL4

23 22 21 20 19 30 16 15 14 13

AR5 AR4 AR3 AR2 AR1 Pi4 AL1 AL2 AL3 AL4

BR5 BR4 BR3 BR2 BR1 17 18 BL1 BL2 BL3 R2 Pi3

bR5 bR4 bR3 bR2 bR1 DST bL1 bL2 bL3 bL4
PILOT OIL MANIFOLD
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

P1
RD3
P2

45 RD4
PIN

Pi2
46

PSA2 T-OUT(2) DR5

PSA1 T-OUT(1)
48

DRG
DR2

PAC