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US 20150051330A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. N0.: US 2015/0051330 A1
FANG (43) Pub. Date: Feb. 19, 2015

(54) 3D PRINTING POWDER (52) US. Cl.


CPC ............ .. C09D 5/033 (2013.01); C09D 7/1216
(71) Applicant: Jung Huei Enterprise C0., Ltd., Tainan (201301)
City (TW) USPC ........................................................ .. 524/423

(72) Inventor: TSAN-TANG FANG, TAINAN CITY (57) ABSTRACT


(TW) The present invention discloses a 3D printing powder pro
_ _ duced by laying a gypsum powder; coating a water-soluble
(73) A551gnee3 Jllng Huei Enterprise C0": Ltd-s Talnan resin powder on the gypsum powder, and the water-soluble
Clty (TW) resin powder forming a colloid in water; pressing the water
soluble resin powder and the gypsum powder ?atly to form a
(21) APP1~ NOJ 13/968,660 mixed layer; and adding water to the mixed layer. The mixed
layer formed by using a water-soluble resin powder such as
(22) Filed: Allg- 16, 2013 oxazoline resin, polyoxyethylene, or polyvinyl alcohol and
pressing the water-soluble resin powder with the gypsum
Publication Classi?cation powder, so that the structural strength of 3D printing ?nished
goods can be improved for several times, and the ?nished
(51) Int. Cl. goods will not be deformed by external forces or smudged by
C09D 5/03 (2006.01) colorants easily, and the ?nished goods can have smooth
C09D 7/12 (2006.01) surfaces.
Patent Application Publication Feb. 19, 2015 Sheet 1 0f 3 US 2015/0051330 A1

10

101

FIG.
1
L0 L

20 L1
Patent Application Publication Feb. 19, 2015 Sheet 2 0f 3 US 2015/0051330 A1

FIGZ
Patent Application Publication Feb. 19, 2015 Sheet 3 0f 3 US 2015/0051330 A1

FIG.3
Y

Ida,.
US 2015/0051330 A1 Feb. 19,2015

3D PRINTING POWDER used in the 3D printing process has a grain size between 5 pm
to 100 pm which is smaller than 10 um, so that the gypsum
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION powder may be blown away by wind easily, and users may
[0001] 1. Field of the Invention inhale the gypsum powder during the 3D printing process,
[0002] The present invention generally relates to a 3D and thus affecting the health of the users.
printing powder, in particular to the 3D printing powder [0007] In view of the aforementioned problems, the inven
capable of improving the structural strength of a 3D printing tor of present invention developed a 3D printing powder to
products preventing the 3D printing product from being improve the 3D printing process and overcome the problems
deformed by a force or having a color smudge, and making of the prior art.
the surface of the product relatively smoother.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0003] 2. Description of the Related Art
[0004] Rapid prototyping (RP) is a technology used for [0008] Therefore, it is a primary objective of the present
forming molds or components by 3D printing and this tech invention to overcome the problems of the gypsum powder
nology has been used extensively in different ?elds. In gen being blown easily and affecting the users health during the
eral, a 3D printing powder is mixed with a gypsum powder conventional 3D printing process, having a poor interaction
and a soluble resin, and the soluble resin is excited in water and an insuf?cient reaction between the gypsum powder and
and adhered with the gypsum powder. Since gypsum has a the soluble resin powder during the manufacture of 3D print
rigid structure, therefore the rigidity of a 3D printing product ing products, so that the 3D printing product may have a color
can be enhanced. Although gypsum comes with a relatively smudge easily and the soluble resin may not be dissolved
hard nature, yet it can be cracked easily. Recent experiments completely. Obviously, the 3D printing product has the short
and literature show that the ?exural strength and impact resis comings of insuf?cient rigidity and strength and poor quality.
tance of gypsum can be enhanced by adding a soluble resin [0009] To achieve the foregoing objective, the present
such as polyvinyl alcohol, acrylic resin, or urea formaldehyde invention provides a 3D printing powder, comprising a gyp
resin, and then adding water into the soluble resin and mixing sum powder; and a water-soluble resin powder coated onto
the mixture suf?ciently to achieve the effect of improving the the gypsum powder, wherein the water-soluble resin powder
rigidity of the products. Further, an appropriate amount of and the gypsum powder are pressed ?atly to form a mixed
bridging agent can be added to change the structure of the powder, and the water- soluble resin powder forms a colloid in
soluble resin into a mesh thermal setting structure, so as to water and the water-soluble resin powder is selected from the
further enhance the strength and water resistance. Thus, many group of oxazoline resin and polyoxyethylene.
manufacturers adopt the aforementioned method for 3D [0010] Wherein, the water-soluble resin powder has a per
printing. centage by weight from 5% to 15%.
[0005] As to a conventional 3D printing process, a gypsum [0011] Wherein, the 3D printing powder further comprises
powder is mixed with a soluble resin powder to form a mixed a whitener.
powder, and then the mixed powder is laid before it is pressed [0012] Wherein, the whitener of the 3D printing powder is
by a roller, and ?nally water is added, and layers of the mixed a titanium dioxide powder.
powder are stacked. Till the gypsum powder is hydrated and [0013] Wherein, the titanium dioxide powder has a percent
cured, a 3D printing product is produced. age by weight from 0.1% to 0.5%.
[0006] However, the soluble resin is usually not mixed suf [0014] The present invention provides a water-soluble resin
?ciently after water is added during the conventional 3D powder for 3D printing, and the water-soluble resin powder
printing process, so that the gypsum powder and the soluble forms a colloid in water, and the water-soluble resin powder is
resin powder can absorb water independently, and the ef? oxazoline resin.
ciency of water absorption is relatively low, and the water [0015] Wherein, the water-soluble resin powder further
may be permeated to the outside easily. As a result, when the comprises a whitener.
mixed powder is laid again during the 3D printing process, the [0016] Wherein, the whitener of the water-soluble resin
3D printing product is deformed or smudged by the perme powder for 3D printing is a titanium dioxide powder.
ated water, and the 3D printing product fails to comply with [0017] Wherein, the water-soluble resin powder is coated
the original design requirements. Furthermore, it is dif?cult to onto a body ?ller powder and provided for curing the body
dissolve the soluble resin powder completely, so that its inter ?ller powder to form the colloid.
activity with the gypsum powder will become lower, and the [0018] The present invention provides a 3D printing pow
structure will form an asbestos-like structure with a low ?ex der comprising a gypsum powder; and a water-soluble resin
ural strength easily as shown in FIG. 1. According to a stan powder having a percentage by weight from 5% to 15% and
dard ?exural strength test, a hollow section 101 with a length coated onto the gypsum powder, wherein the water-soluble
LO of 40 mm is formed within a support platform 10, and a resin powder and the gypsum powder are pressed to form a
printing product 20 with a length L of 60 mm, a width W of 15 mixed powder, and the water-soluble resin powder forms a
mm and a height H of 5 mm is placed on the support platform, colloid in water and the water-soluble resin powder is poly
so that both long sides of the 3D printing product 20 at the vinyl alcohol.
support platform 10 have a support length of L1 of 10 mm, and [0019] Wherein, the 3D printing powder further comprises
a force F can be applied at the center of the 3D printing a bridging agent.
product 20 to break the 3D printing product 20, and the force [0020] Wherein, the bridging agent of the 3D printing pow
F is de?ned as the ?exural strength of the 3D printing product der is a boron bridging agent.
20. However, the conventional 3D printing product 20 has a [0021] Wherein, the boron bridging agent of the 3D print
?exural strength less than 1000 gw, and the product 20 may be ing powder has a percentage by weight from 0.05% to 0.4%.
cracked by forces easily, and thus affecting the overall quality [0022] Wherein, the 3D printing powder further comprises
of the 3D printing product. In addition, the gypsum powder a whitener.
US 2015/0051330 A1 Feb. 19, 2015

[0023] Wherein, the whitener of the 3D printing powder is [0034] With reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, for a 3D printing
a titanium dioxide powder. powder in accordance with a ?rst preferred embodiment of
[0024] Wherein, the titanium dioxide powder of the 3D the present invention, the composition and the operation pro
printing powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1% to cedure of the present invention are described below:
0.5%.
[0025] In view of the aforementioned description and [0035] (a) In Table 1, the gypsum powder 1 of this preferred
method, the present invention has the following advantages embodiment has a percentage by weight from 85% to 95%.
and effects: [0036] (b) The gypsum powder 1 is coated on a thinner
[0026] 1. In the present invention, water is added into the water-soluble resin powder 2, and the water-soluble resin
water-soluble resin such as oxazoline resin, polyoxyethylene powder 2 forms a colloid in water, and the water-soluble resin
or polyvinyl alcohol. If the water-soluble resin is polyvinyl powder 2 of this preferred embodiment is oxazoline resin
alcohol, then a boron bridging agent can be added to enhance
with a percentage by weight from 5% to 15%. Since the
the ?exural strength of the 3D printing product of the present
water-soluble resin powder 2 is coated onto the gypsum pow
invention up to 2000 gw or more. Obviously, the strength of
the products of the present invention is much greater than der 1, therefore the gypsum powder 1 should have a grain size
those of the prior art, and thus the invention can improve the from 15 pm to 100 ppm in order to prevent it from being
quality of 3D printing products. blown by wind and reduce the probability of the gypsum
[0027] 2. In the present invention, the gypsum powder is powder 1 being inhaled by users to maintain the health and
laid, and then the water-soluble resin powder is coated onto safety of the users.
the gypsum powder before the water-soluble resin powder [0037] (c) A roller 3 is used for pressing the water-soluble
and the gypsum powder are pressed ?atly to form a mixed resin powder 2 and the gypsum powder 1 to form a mixed
powder. When water is added into the mixed powder, water powder 4 as shown in FIG. 3, so that the water-soluble resin
enters into the gypsum powder and will not be permeated to powder 2 and the gypsum powder 1 are combined tightly with
the outside easily, and thus the invention can prevent water each other.
from entering the 3D printing product, since the water may
cause deformations and color smudges at spaces beyond the [0038] (d) Water is added into the mixed powder 4. Since
design, and the water-soluble resin powder may absorb water the mixed powder 4 has been pressed by the roller 3, therefore
to become a colloid more easily, such that the particles of the gaps between the water-soluble resin powder 2 and the gyp
gypsum powder are denser, and will not adhere powder or sum powder 1 are smaller to provide a tighter structure, and
have deformations after the gypsum powder is cured. As a water cannot be permeated between particles of the gypsum
result, the surface of the product of the invention is smooth powder 1, and the coated gypsum powder 1 tends to have
and ?at, and thus the invention can enhance the strength and deformations or a color smudge at the spaces beyond the
quality of 3D printing products effectively. design, such that the water-soluble resin powder 2 can be
[0028] 3. In the present invention, the gypsum powder is adhered to form a colloid easily, and the grain size of particles
laid, and then the water-soluble resin powder is coated onto
the gypsum powder, so that the grain size of the gypsum of the cured gypsum powder 1 is denser. The procedure is
powder falls within a range from 15 pm to 100 um. Since a repeated to produce the 3D printing product. Experiment
powder with the grain size smaller than 10 um may be blown results show that the 3D printing product of the present inven
by wind easily, therefore the present invention can reduce the tion has a structural strength much greater than the prior art
chance of blowing the relatively larger gypsum powder of the that adds gypsum into the soluble resin to directly form the
invention and the chance of inhaling the gypsum powder by mixed powder and adds water and cures the mixture. There
users. fore, the ?exural strength of the 3D printing product can be
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS enhanced up to 2000 gw or more, and the surface of the 3D
[0029] The detailed structure, operating principle and printing product is smoother. In addition, this preferred
effects of the present invention will now be described in more embodiment adopts oxazoline resin as the water-soluble resin
details hereinafter with reference to the accompanying draw powder 2, and the colloid formed by adding water to oxazo
ings that show various embodiments of the invention as fol line resin has an excellent curing power. As a result, the
lows. ?exural strength of the 3D printing product can be enhanced,
[0030] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of testing the ?exural regardless of the material of the body ?ller powder (which is
strength of a 3D printing product; gypsum powder used in this preferred embodiment).
[0031] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of coating a gypsum
powder onto a water-soluble resin powder and pressing the [0039] In the second preferred embodiment of the present
powders by a roller in accordance with the present invention; invention, the whiteness of the 3D printing product of the ?rst
and preferred embodiment can be improved by mixing a whitener
[0032] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of pressing a gypsum into the water-soluble resin powder 2. In this preferred
powder and a water-soluble resin powder to form a mixed embodiment, the whitener is titanium dioxide powder with a
powder in accordance with the present invention. percentage by weight from 0.1% to 0.5%, or oxazoline resin
with a percentage by weight from 5% to 15%, so that the
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED percentage by weight of gypsum powder 1 is adjusted to
EMBODIMENTS 84.5% to 94.9% as listed in Table 1, so as to maintain the
[0033] The technical content of the present invention will structural strength and the whiteness of the 3D printing prod
become apparent by the detailed description of the following uct. The implementation procedure of this preferred embodi
embodiments and the illustration of related drawings as fol ment is similar to that of the ?rst preferred embodiment, and
lows. thus will not be repeated.
US 2015/0051330 A1 Feb. 19, 2015

TABLE 1 alcohol has a percentage by weight from 5% to 15%, and the


percentage by weight of the gypsum powder 1 is adjusted to
First Second 84.6% to 94.95% as listed in Table 3, so as to maintain the
3D Printing Embodiment Embodiment
Powder (% wt) (% wt)
structural strength of the 3D printing product. The implemen
tation procedure of this preferred embodiment is similar to
Gypsum Powder 85~95 84.5~94.9 that of the ?rst preferred embodiment, and thus will not be
Oxazoline resin 5~15 5~15
Titanium Dioxide 0 0.1~0.5
repeated.
Powder [0044] To improve the whiteness of the ?fth preferred
embodiment, a whitener is mixed into the polyvinyl alcohol
in the seventh preferred embodiment of the present invention.
[0040] The difference between the third preferred embodi In this preferred embodiment, the whitener is titanium diox
ment and the ?rst preferred embodiment of the present inven ide powder with a percentage by weight from 0.1% to 0.5%,
tion resides on that the third preferred embodiment adopts and the polyvinyl alcohol has a percentage by weight from
polyoxyethylene as the water-soluble resin powder 2, 5% to 15%, so that the percentage by weight of the gypsum
wherein the polyoxyethylene has a percentage by weight powder 1 is adjusted to 84.5% to 94.9% as listed in Table 3, so
from 5% to 15%, and the gypsum powder 1 has a percentage as to maintain the structural strength and the whiteness of the
by weight from 85% to 95% as listed in Table 2, and thus the 3D printing product. The implementation procedure of this
third preferred embodiment also can enhance the ?exural preferred embodiment is similar to that of the ?rst preferred
strength of the 3D printing product ?exural strength. The embodiment, and thus will not be repeated.
implementation procedure of this preferred embodiment is [0045] To improve the whiteness of the sixth preferred
similar 0 that of the ?rst preferred embodiment, and thus will embodiment, a whitener is mixed into the polyvinyl alcohol
not be repeated. in the eighth preferred embodiment of the present invention.
[0041] In the fourth preferred embodiment of the present In this preferred embodiment, the whitener is a titanium diox
invention, the whiteness of the 3D printing product of the ?rst ide powder with a percentage by weight from 0.1% to 0.5%,
preferred embodiment can be improved by mixing a whitener and a boron bridging agent has a percentage by weight from
into the water-soluble resin powder 2. In this preferred 0.05% to 0.4%, and the polyvinyl alcohol has a percentage by
embodiment, the whitener is titanium dioxide powder with a weight from 5% to 15%, so that the percentage by weight of
percentage by weight from 0.1% to 0.5%, and polyoxyethyl the gypsum powder 1 is adjusted to 84.1% to 94.85%, so as to
ene has a percentage by weight from 5% to 15%, so that the maintain the structural strength and the whiteness of the 3D
percentage by weight of the gypsum powder 1 is adjusted to printing product. The implementation procedure of this pre
a range from 84.5% to 94.9%, so as to maintain the structural ferred embodiment is similar to that of the ?rst preferred
strength and the whiteness of the 3D printing product. The embodiment, and thus will not be repeated.
implementation procedure of this preferred embodiment is
similar to that of the ?rst preferred embodiment, and thus will TABLE 3
not be repeated.
Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth
3D Printing Embodiment Embodiment Embodiment Embodiment
TABLE 2
Powder (% wt) (% wt) (% wt) (% wt)
Third Fourth Gypsum 85~95 84. 6~94.95 84.5~94.9 84.1~94.85
3D Printing Embodiment Embodiment Powder
Powder (% wt) (% wt) Polyvinyl 5~15 5~15 5~15 5~15
alcohol
Gypsum Powder 85~95 84.5~94.9
Boron 0 0.05~0.4 0 0.05~0.4
Polyoxyethylene 5~15 5~15
Titanium Dioxide 0 0.1~0.5
Bridging
Powder
Agent
Titanium 0 0 0.1~0.5 0.1~0.5
Dioxide
Powder
[0042] The difference between the ?fth preferred embodi
ment and the ?rst preferred embodiment of the present inven
tion resides on that the ?fth preferred embodiment adopts What is claimed is:
polyvinyl alcohol as the water-soluble resin powder 2, 1. A 3D printing powder, comprising:
wherein the polyvinyl alcohol has a percentage by weight a gypsum powder; and
from 5% to 15%, and the gypsum powder 1 has a percentage a water-soluble resin powder, coated onto the gypsum pow
by weight from 85% to 95% as listed in Table 3, so as to der,
maintain the structural strength and the whiteness of the 3D wherein the water-soluble resin powder and the gypsum
printing product. The implementation procedure of this pre powder are pressed to form a mixed powder, and the
ferred embodiment is similar to that of the ?rst preferred water-soluble resin powder forms a colloid in water and
embodiment, and thus will not be repeated. the water-soluble resin powder is selected from the
[0043] The difference between the sixth preferred embodi group of oxazoline resin and polyoxyethylene.
ment and the ?fth preferred embodiment of the present inven 2. The 3D printing powder of claim 1, wherein the water
tion, the sixth preferred embodiment further increases the soluble resin powder has a percentage by weight from 5% t0
strength of the 3D printing product by using polyvinyl alcohol 1 5%.
as the water-soluble resin powder 2, and a bridging agent is 3. The 3D printing powder of claim 1, further comprising a
mixed into the polyvinyl alcohol, wherein the bridging agent whitener.
of this preferred embodiment is a boron bridging agent with a 4. The 3D printing powder of claim 3, wherein the whitener
percentage by weight from 0.05% to 0.4%, and the polyvinyl is a titanium dioxide powder.
US 2015/0051330 A1 Feb. 19, 2015

5. The 3D printing powder of claim 4, wherein the titanium 15. The 3D printing powder of claim 14, wherein the bridg
dioxide powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1% to ing agent is selected from a boron bridging agent.
0.5%. 16. The 3D printing powder of claim 15, wherein the boron
6. The 3D printing powder of claim 2, further comprising a bridging agent has a percentage by weight from 0.05% to
whitener. 0.4%.
7. The 3D printing powder of claim 6, wherein the whitener 17. The 3D printing powder of claim 13, further compris
is a titanium dioxide powder. ing a whitener.
18. The 3D printing powder of claim 17, wherein the whit
8. The 3D printing powder of claim 7, wherein the titanium ener is a titanium dioxide powder.
dioxide powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1% to 19. The 3D printing powder of claim 18, wherein the tita
0.5%. nium dioxide powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1%
9. A water-soluble resin powder for 3D printing, forming a to 0.5%.
colloid in water and the water-soluble resin powder being 20. The 3D printing powder of claim 14, further compris
oxazoline resin. ing a whitener.
10. The water- soluble resin powder for 3D printing accord 21. The 3D printing powder of claim 20, wherein the whit
ing to claim 9, further comprising a whitener. ener is a titanium dioxide powder.
11. The water- soluble resin powder for 3D printing accord 22. The 3D printing powder of claim 21, wherein the tita
ing to claim 10, wherein the whitener is a titanium dioxide nium dioxide powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1%
powder. to 0.5%.
12. The water- soluble resin powder for 3D printing accord 23. The 3D printing powder of claim 15, further compris
ing to claim 9, wherein the water-soluble resin powder is ing a whitener.
coated onto a body ?ller powder, and the body ?ller powder is 24. The 3D printing powder of claim 23, wherein the whit
cured when forming the colloid. ener is a titanium dioxide powder.
13. A 3D printing powder, comprising: 25. The 3D printing powder of claim 24, wherein the tita
a gypsum powder; and nium dioxide powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1%
a water-soluble resin powder, having a percentage by to 0.5%.
weight from 5% to 15%, and coated onto the gypsum 26. The 3D printing powder of claim 16, further compris
powder; ing a whitener.
wherein the water-soluble resin powder and the gypsum 27. The 3D printing powder of claim 26, wherein the whit
powder are pressed to form a mixed powder, and the ener is a titanium dioxide powder.
water-soluble resin powder forms a colloid in water and 28. The 3D printing powder of claim 27, wherein the tita
the water-soluble resin powder is polyvinyl alcohol. nium dioxide powder has a percentage by weight from 0.1%
to 0.5%.
14. The 3D printing powder of claim 13, further compris
ing a bridging agent.