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Instruction Manual

CINCINNATI TEST SYSTEMS, INC.


5555 Dry Fork Road
Cleves, OH 45002
(513) 367-6699
FAX (513) 367-5426

REVISION 09/01/05
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of
Cincinnati Test Systems, Inc. No part of the manual and/or software may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or
by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval
systems, for any purpose, other than the purchasers personal use, without the express permission of Cincinnati Test
Systems, Inc.

No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein. While every precaution has
been taken in the preparation of this book, Cincinnati Test Systems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for errors or
omissions.

Because of the variety of uses for this equipment and because of the differences between this solid-state equipment and
electromechanical equipment, the user of and those responsible for applying this equipment must satisfy themselves as
to the acceptability of each application and use of the equipment. In no event will Cincinnati Test Systems be
responsible or liable for indirect or consequential damages resulting from the use or application of this equipment.

The illustrations, charts, and layout examples shown in this manual are intended solely to illustrate the text of this
manual. Because of the many variables and requirements associated with any particular installation, Cincinnati Test
Systems cannot assume responsibility or liability for actual use based upon the illustrative uses and applications.

!
CAUTION - When you see this warning symbol on the product, refer to the instruction manual for information before
proceeding.

CAUTION - To avoid personal injury due to electric shock, disconnect all power services before servicing.

If this instrument is not used according to the instructions of this manual, the protection provided by this equipment'
design may be compromised.

SENTINEL M24 ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................... 1-1
INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................ 1-1
UNPACKING .......................................................................................................... 1-1
MOUNTING CONSIDERATIONS ........................................................................ 1-1
PLUMBING RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................................... 1-2
Quick Start ................................................................................................................... 1-3
PNEUMATIC CONNECTIONS ............................................................................. 1-4
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS............................................................................ 1-6
Input/Output terminal table...................................................................................... 1-9
INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATIONS.................................................................. 1-10
ADDITIONAL ACCESSORIES ........................................................................... 1-15
CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION ............................................................ 2-1
Leak test operation................................................................................................... 2-1
Information displays ................................................................................................ 2-1
Communication with Ethernet, RS232, RS485, IrDA............................................. 2-1
Calibration................................................................................................................ 2-1
Self test..................................................................................................................... 2-1
Instrument Configuration......................................................................................... 2-1
Part Configuration.................................................................................................... 2-2
Help functions.......................................................................................................... 2-2
Default Settings........................................................................................................ 2-2
INSTRUMENT FEATURES....................................................................................... 2-3
Power On ................................................................................................................. 2-4
OPERATOR DISPLAYS ............................................................................................ 2-5
AlphaNumeric and Editing Keys ................................................................................. 2-6
Alphanumeric........................................................................................................... 2-6
Navigation Keys....................................................................................................... 2-6
NEXT PAGE ........................................................................................................... 2-6
EDIT ........................................................................................................................ 2-7
ENTER..................................................................................................................... 2-7
EXIT ........................................................................................................................ 2-7
DISPLAY PANEL....................................................................................................... 2-7
MONITOR............................................................................................................... 2-7
Multi-Station Displays ............................................................................................. 2-8
Dual Pressure Test Displays .................................................................................... 2-8
Pressure/Vacuum Settings and Displays.................................................................. 2-9
PART CONFIG ..................................................................................................... 2-10
INSTR CONFIG .................................................................................................... 2-10
TEST DATA.......................................................................................................... 2-11
SELF TEST............................................................................................................ 2-11
HELP...................................................................................................................... 2-12
FUNCTION PANEL ................................................................................................. 2-14
HOLD .................................................................................................................... 2-14
CHANGE PART.................................................................................................... 2-14
CHANGE STATION............................................................................................. 2-15

SENTINEL M24 iii


AUTO CALIB ....................................................................................................... 2-15
START ALL STATIONS...................................................................................... 2-15
STOP ALL STATIONS......................................................................................... 2-15
CHAPTER 3 ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA ............................................. 3-1
Numeric Data ........................................................................................................... 3-1
Alphanumeric Data .................................................................................................. 3-2
Scroll Data ............................................................................................................... 3-3
Y/N Scroll Data........................................................................................................ 3-4
Password Protected Screens..................................................................................... 3-4
CHAPTER 4 INSTRUMENT SETUP....................................................................... 4-1
CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION.................................................. 5-1
Instrument and Station(s) Setup Routine ..................................................................... 5-1
Communications .......................................................................................................... 5-2
Serial Communications............................................................................................ 5-2
RS232/IrDA Port Config ......................................................................................... 5-3
RS-485 Functions..................................................................................................... 5-3
RS 485 ID ................................................................................................................ 5-4
Customize Output Format........................................................................................ 5-4
Instrument Name...................................................................................................... 5-6
Serial Number .......................................................................................................... 5-6
Software Versions.................................................................................................... 5-6
TCP/IP ComMunications............................................................................................. 5-6
TCP/IP function ....................................................................................................... 5-7
Email Alert............................................................................................................... 5-7
Email address for the Alert ...................................................................................... 5-7
Send Email ............................................................................................................... 5-7
Mail Server IP .......................................................................................................... 5-8
DNS.......................................................................................................................... 5-8
M24 Address............................................................................................................ 5-8
INSTRUMENT SETUP........................................................................................... 5-9
Apply HOLD key to INSTR .................................................................................... 5-9
Cal Frequency .......................................................................................................... 5-9
Date (MMDDYY).................................................................................................... 5-9
Time (HHMMSS) .................................................................................................. 5-10
Screen Saver........................................................................................................... 5-10
Station Number ...................................................................................................... 5-10
Number of Parts ..................................................................................................... 5-10
Pressure units ............................................................................................................. 5-10
Leak Rate Units.......................................................................................................... 5-10
Method of Calibration................................................................................................ 5-11
Instrument Setup - Transducers ............................................................................. 5-11
Station Number ...................................................................................................... 5-12
INPUTS AND OUTPUTS - MULTI-STATION .................................................. 5-13
Digital Input Setup..................................................................................................... 5-13
Digital Output Setup .................................................................................................. 5-14
SECURITY CONFIGURATION .............................................................................. 5-17

SENTINEL M24 iv
Backup/restore ........................................................................................................... 5-18
Backup to Data Flash Card .................................................................................... 5-18
Restore from Data Flash Card................................................................................ 5-19
CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION ......................................................... 6-1
Pressure Decay Method of Measuring Part Leak Rates........................................... 6-1
ESTABLISHING TEST PARAMETERS................................................................... 6-1
Leak Values Within LEAK routine ......................................................................... 6-1
Pressure Values Within PRESS routine................................................................... 6-2
Timer Values within Part Configuration function - Timers..................................... 6-3
CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION ................................................................. 7-1
REVIEW OR CHANGE PART TEST PARAMETERS ............................................ 7-1
Test Timers and Part Name Screen.......................................................................... 7-2
Test Pressures Screen............................................................................................... 7-3
Leak Info Screen ...................................................................................................... 7-4
Part Program Features Screen.................................................................................. 7-6
SUMMARY EXPLANATION OF PART TEST PARAMETERS ........................ 7-8
CHAPTER 8 AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION .............................................. 8-1
AUTO CAL ................................................................................................................. 8-1
Calibration routine for a part.................................................................................... 8-1
Calibration of the blockage (occlusion) test ............................................................ 8-2
Correlation of multiple station calibrations for the same part ................................. 8-2
CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST.......................................................................................... 9-1
AUTO RUN ................................................................................................................. 9-1
SELF TEST.................................................................................................................. 9-2
CALIBRATION VERIFICATION ............................................................................. 9-3
CALIBRATE THE TRANSDUCERS ........................................................................ 9-4
SET REGULATOR PRESSURE ............................................................................ 9-5
MONITOR I/O STATUS ........................................................................................ 9-5
CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE ............................................... 10-1
Communication with other serial devices.................................................................. 10-1
Communication Setup and Execution........................................................................ 10-1
CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS ............................................................ 11-1
Instrument info....................................................................................................... 11-1
Pressure Stream...................................................................................................... 11-2
Each Test................................................................................................................ 11-3
Station Last ............................................................................................................ 11-4
Station Counters..................................................................................................... 11-4
Part Setup - STN .................................................................................................... 11-5
Part Setup - Curr .................................................................................................... 11-6
Station Setup .......................................................................................................... 11-7
Station Counters..................................................................................................... 11-7
CHAPTER 12 TEST DATA...................................................................................... 12-1
Counter information................................................................................................... 12-1
Test results ................................................................................................................. 12-2
Statistics information ................................................................................................. 12-3
CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS................................................ 13-1

SENTINEL M24 v
Start and Stop test signal(s).................................................................................... 13-1
TOOLING CONTROL ACTIONS........................................................................ 13-1
TEST SEQUENCE OUTPUTS ................................................................................. 13-1
FINAL TEST RESULT OUTPUT SIGNALS .......................................................... 13-1
TEST LIMIT RESULT OUTPUT SIGNALS ........................................................... 13-2
INPUT SIGNALS...................................................................................................... 13-2
I/O Co-processor Board Connections ........................................................................ 13-5
Main Power Entry & I/O Returns .......................................................................... 13-5
RS-232 Hardwire Connection................................................................................ 13-6
Input Terminals...................................................................................................... 13-7
Input LED Indicators ............................................................................................. 13-7
Output Terminals ................................................................................................... 13-7
Output LED Indicators........................................................................................... 13-7
Main Fuse............................................................................................................... 13-7
Output Fuse............................................................................................................ 13-7
Internal Power Supply/Jumper Connection ........................................................... 13-8
Analog Master Board Connections............................................................................ 13-9
Ethernet .................................................................................................................. 13-9
RS-485 ................................................................................................................... 13-9
Interboard Cable..................................................................................................... 13-9
Transducer(s) Connector for Pressure Decay ........................................................ 13-9
Test Points Connector ............................................................................................ 13-9
Backup Battery..................................................................................................... 13-10
VFD Co-processor Board Connections ................................................................... 13-10
CHAPTER 14 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE..................................................... 14-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE................................................................................... 14-1
Uploading Program Software .................................................................................... 14-1
SPARE PARTS...................................................................................................... 14-2
Services ...................................................................................................................... 14-3
CHAPTER 15 ERROR MESSAGES ........................................................................ 15-1
Communication errors ............................................................................................... 15-1
Calibration errors ....................................................................................................... 15-1
Beginning Test Errors ................................................................................................ 15-2
Part Presence Errors................................................................................................... 15-2
In test Errors............................................................................................................... 15-2
Transducer Calibration Errors.................................................................................... 15-3
CHAPTER 16 SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................ 16-1
Communication input/output: ................................................................................ 16-1
CHAPTER 17 OPTIMIZING THE TEST PERFORMANCE .................................. 17-1
CHAPTER 18 WARRANTY-SENTINEL INSTRUMENTS ................................... 18-1
CHAPTER 19 GLOSSARY ...................................................................................... 19-1
CHAPTER 20 INDEX ............................................................................................... 20-1

SENTINEL M24 vi
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
You made an excellent decision to buy this instrument! You now own the new Sentinel M24 multi-station, high
performance leak test instrument. This instrument incorporates the latest in high-resolution analog-to-digital
conversion, microprocessor technology, graphic VFD (Vacuum Fluorescent Display), automatic calibration, Quik fill-
and-test capability, and easy-operator interface. The economics and compact packaging of these new instruments make
them affordable solutions to many assembly verification applications. The expanded communication capabilities,
including Ethernet, ease the interface of these instruments into your factory information system.

INSTALLATION
The Sentinel M24 leak test instrument is a modular, flexible instrument designed to operate in a factory environment.
To operate trouble-free, it requires:

Clean, dry instrument air (vacuum for vacuum test applications)


120 VAC electrical power or 24 VDC electrical power

Because this is a precision instrument, it is preferable to locate this instrument at least 15 feet away from high
electromagnetic energy devices (induction heat treat equipment and welders) whenever possible. In addition, plants
having poor quality electrical power or ground systems should consider using isolation transformers on the power
drops.

In addition, the wiring for the digital inputs and outputs must be isolated and protected from electrical noise.

UNPACKING
Carefully remove the instrument from the shipping carton. Locate the quick connect fitting and door keys supplied
with the instrument (see Figure 1). The fittings (attached to the regulators inside the enclosure) are provided for your
test line connections. Open the instrument and inspect for damage before progressing any further. Make certain that
all cables are securely attached to the appropriate connectors.

Figure 1 Quick connect fitting and door keys

MOUNTING CONSIDERATIONS
The Sentinel M24 instruments provide the best test results when located as close as possible to the test parts. This will
minimize the volume in the test pneumatics thereby reducing the total test time requirements. The Nema 12 enclosure
of the Sentinel M24 should be mounted above the test part to framing or a panel to minimize the amount of dirt and
moisture that might be blown back into the instrument during the exhaust cycle. The mounting bolts are installed
through the four channels located on each interior corner of the enclosure. Select a mounting location that gives access
to the bottom, top, left, and front of the enclosure. Do not forget to allow room for the door swing. See Figure 2
Sentinel M24 Mounting Bolt Channels for mounting dimensions.

SENTINEL M24 1-1


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Figure 2 Sentinel M24 Mounting Bolt Channels

PLUMBING RECOMMENDATIONS
This pressure decay instrument needs clean, dry air in order to provide trouble-free operation. Good plumbing
practices will greatly enhance the quality of the test air.

The air supply to the pilot must be at least 60 psi or greater than the highest test pressure used by the version H
pneumatic manifolds.

Plant plumbing recommendations are illustrated in Figure 3 Plant Plumbing Recommendations below:

SENTINEL M24 1-2


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Figure 3 Plant Plumbing Recommendations

QUICK START
Step One:
Connect Supply Air (250-psig max)
The air supply input manifold provides convenient connections for test supply and pilot air pressure. If you
have purchased high flow (H) leak test modules, you will have to connect a separate 60-120 psig supply to
the pilot supply port.
Good leak tests and long instrument life depend on a clean, dry air supply. If you did not purchase inline air
filters with your instrument, be sure to install 5.0 and 0.3-micron filters.
Internal test regulators are supplied, however it is also recommended to regulate the air supply into the
instrument for optimal performance.

Step Two:
Power up Instrument
The electrical power cord is attached to the top, left side of the Sentinel M24 cabinet for 120VAC
instruments. See manual for 24VDC and hardware instructions.
Plug the power cord into a standard 3-prong wall socket (in the US and Canada this will be a 120VAC, 60 Hz
source.)
Operate the power switch on the top of the M24 to turn on the Sentinel M24 system. (The power switch is a
rocker style switch. The On and Off marking on the power switch are marked as "I" and "O" respectively.)
The M24 splash screen identifies the Sentinel M24 system and the installed software version.

Step Three:
Set Test Pressure
Press SELF TEST on the Display panel.
Set the "Calib XDucer / Set Regul" line to "Y," press ENTER twice.
Adjust the regulator to obtain the desired pressure.
Press EXIT then press MONITOR.

Step Four:
Connect your test part
The part to be tested should be connected with quality tubing to the supplied Quick Connect fitting.
Connect the Quick Connect fitting to the appropriate Leak Test Port.

SENTINEL M24 1-3


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Step Five:
AutoCal
Press PART CONFIG twice on the Display panel. Select the Min Test Pressure and enter the correct value.
Select the Max Test Pressure and enter the correct value.
Press AUTO CALIB on the Functions panel.
Follow the instructions on the screen, and press START STATION.
Observe Automatic Calibration results, either ACCEPT or ERROR

PNEUMATIC CONNECTIONS
There are two test air (vacuum) supply inlet ports and one pilot air inlet port on the left side of the Sentinel M24
enclosure. The supply inlet ports are 1/4" FNPT (or M10) and the pilot air port is 1/8" FNPT (or M10). After
mounting or locating the instrument, connect the inlet air and/or vacuum supplies to the one or two inlet ports shown in
Figure 5. To reduce future maintenance requirements use the recommended plumbing detailed in Figure 3 Plant
Plumbing Recommendations and utilize the 0.3 and 5.0-micron coalescing filters. Be certain to replace the filter
elements at least quarterly as preventive maintenance. The supply test air for each supply connection should be
regulated to a pressure at least 10 psi greater than the highest test pressure connected to that source supply. The pilot
air supply (required for Version H manifold) should be regulated to at least 60 psi or to the highest test pressure
specified for the Version H manifold. The individual pneumatic test manifolds connect to the supply-air/exhaust
manifold internally according on the pressure/vacuum requirements. The pilot air interconnections (to Version H
manifolds) are made with 1/8" yellow tubing. The pressure air lines are 1/4" or 3/8" green tubing. Vacuum air lines
are 1/4" or 3/8" green tubing, Exhaust lines are 1/4" or 3/8" clear tubing. Internal tubing between the test station
regulators and the manifold connections are either 1/4" or 3/8" red tubing. 3/8" tubing is used for all supply,
interconnect, and exhaust connections to the version H manifolds, which have a high flow factor.

Port label

Exhaust Mufflers

Supply Connections
Supply port 1

Pilot

Supply port 2
Figure 4 Outside View of Manifold

SENTINEL M24 1-4


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Pilot
Supply
Inlet Port 1

Supply Inlet Port 2

Inside view of manifold

Figure 5 View of air (vacuum) supply pneumatic connections for Sentinel M24 instrument located on
the left side of the enclosure and inside the enclosure

Located across the bottom of the enclosure are up to four quick connect fittings; these are the test ports. Use flexible
tubing to connect to the mating male quick connect fitting (supplied with the instrument) via the 1/4" NPT or M12
connection. Use enough flexible tubing to allow easy connect and disconnect action on the test port. It is
recommended to use Parker 1/4" or 1/8" 2000 lbs tubing with Swagelok or Parker CPI fittings to provide rugged
flexibility and eliminate any volumetric change within the tubing during test. Properly tighten these fittings to assure a
leak-free connection.

The quick connect SELF TEST plugs attached to the bottom of the enclosure are supplied so the operator can manually
disconnect the test line and easily attach the quick connect plug for the SELF TEST function. The SELF TEST
function is a standard feature to conveniently verify the instrument's internal leak integrity.

Do not tighten the female quick connect fitting into the pneumatic block. The assembly process utilizes
Black Max. Tightening the fitting may crack the pneumatic block and void the warranty.

SENTINEL M24 1-5


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Regulator Knobs (up to 4)


Test Port Quick Connect Fittings (up to 4)
Self test Quick Connect Plugs (up to 4)

Figure 6 Bottom view of Sentinel M24 instrument.

ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE OPENING ENCLOSURE TO WORK ON ELECTRONICS.

The electrical supply connections (either 120 VAC or 24 VDC) for the Sentinel M24 are made to the terminals located
on the left side of the I/O Co-processor circuit board (see Figure 89 Input/Output Co-Processor Board on page 13-
5). When 24 volts is supplied, there is a jumper plug applied as shown in Figure 9 Main power and 24 VDC
input/output on page 1-7. For more details, see Main Power Entry & I/O Returns on page 13-5. When 120 VAC
is supplied, there is a connector cable applied to the plug that connects to the DC power supply mounted under the
circuit boards.

Optional power supply for 120 V models

Figure 7 Sentinel M24 PCB

SENTINEL M24 1-6


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Incoming power terminals Cable to 24 VDC power supply

Figure 8 Main power and 120 VDC input/output

When the 24 VDC power source is installed, a jumper is used, as shown below.

Incoming power terminals Jumper for 24 VDC power supply

Figure 9 Main power and 24 VDC input/output

SENTINEL M24 1-7


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

There are plug holes on the top of the enclosure for the inlet power and input/output wiring.

Figure 10 Access holes on the top of enclosure for input/output wiring


The inlet power and interface wiring connections for the Sentinel M24 are made directly to terminals on the
input/output board located in the upper half of the instrument enclosure. The function and setup procedure of
each input and output terminal is described in the Instrument Configuration section. The configuration of the
input and output signal lines described in the M24 setup procedure must match the wiring connections of the
installation. For additional information about interfacing to remote devices and/or a PLC, please refer to
CHAPTER 4 and CHAPTER 13.

120V or 24V returns for 2.5 amp fuses for groups of four outputs
outputs (Neutral) Main Electrical Fuses

Input Main 10
terminals Output terminals 1-8
amp fuse Input terminals 9-16 and 1-8
120V or and 9-16
24V
supply for
inputs

Main Power
Terminal
Interface
cable to
door

Valve Control Terminals

Figure 11 Input/Output and power terminations for Sentinel M-24

Clock and transducer verification terminals


Test Points for monitoring the A-to-D converter clock output and transducer output voltages are available on the side
of the bottom circuit board (see Test Points Connector page 13-9). The clock output is 0-5 VDC representing 60 Hz.

SENTINEL M24 1-8


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

There are four sets of transducer output test points; each of the four test stations has four transducer test points. The
diagram below indicates the location of the first test point for each of the four stations. The amplified transducer output
is 0 to 10 volts DC. See pages 13-8 and 13-9 for more information.

1
O O2
TEST 1 press trans 3
O O
TEST 2 press trans
5
O O
TEST 3 press trans
7
O O
9
O O
TEST 4 press trans 11
O O
Analog Ground 13
O O
Clock 15
O O
17
O O
19
O O

Transducer outputs are 0 - 10 volts DC


Clock output is 0 - 5 volts at a frequency of 60 Hz

Figure 12 Clock and transducer output terminals for Sentinel M24

Refer to Instrument Configuration (see page 5-1), digital input (see page 5-13) and output setup (see page 5-14) screens
to determine how each terminal function is defined. Once they are finally configured to the required functions, record
how each terminal is defined for your ease of wiring. See the descriptions of Input Terminals and Output Terminals
beginning on page 13-7.

Input/Output terminal table

Terminal Inputs
1 ______________________________________
2 ______________________________________
3 _______________________________________
4 _______________________________________
5 _______________________________________
6 _______________________________________
7 _______________________________________
8 _______________________________________
9 _______________________________________
10 _______________________________________
11 _______________________________________
12 _______________________________________
13 _______________________________________
14 _______________________________________
15 _______________________________________
16 _______________________________________

SENTINEL M24 1-9


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Output
1 _______________________________________
2 _______________________________________
3 _______________________________________
4 _______________________________________
5 _______________________________________
6 _______________________________________
7 _______________________________________
8 _______________________________________
9 _______________________________________
10 _______________________________________
11 _______________________________________
12 _______________________________________
13 _______________________________________
14 _______________________________________
15 _______________________________________
16 _______________________________________

Log the setup for outputs and inputs as defined in CHAPTER 5, INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION, Digital
Input Setup and Digital Output Setup.

INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATIONS
Depending on the number of stations, types of tests required, and resolution and repeatability desired, the Sentinel M24
instruments are configured with one to four stations using one of the following pneumatic packages in each station.
(S) Single pressure (or vacuum) decay test with standard flow valves from vacuum to 200 psi
(H) Single pressure (or vacuum) decay test with high flow valves (5X greater flow) - from vacuum to 100 psi
(D) Dual sequential pressure/vacuum decay tests utilizing one pressure transducer and two regulators with
standard valves - from vacuum to 200 psi with limit of 75 psi when combined with vacuum test
(T) Dual sequential pressure/vacuum decay test utilizing two pressure transducers and two regulators with
standard valves - from vacuum to 200 psi with limit of 75 psi when combined with vacuum test

Single to multiple pneumatic modules are assembled into a common enclosure. They interface to a common circuit
board operator keypad and display. Tricolor test lights indicate test results and test operation for one to four test
stations. The enclosure limits the number of total regulators included in the instrument configuration to four.
Therefore, when pneumatic packages like version D or T are specified, they limit the number of stations available.

SENTINEL M24 1-10


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Figure 13 Version S Pneumatic diagram

Figure 14 Version S Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Single pressure or vacuum decay
test instrument

The most common version for leak testing is the single pressure (or vacuum) decay test instrument. A precision
regulator controls the fill (evacuation) pressure for the test through a normally vented fill/exhaust valve and a normally
open isolation valve. After the fill cycle, the isolation valve closes and the fill/exhaust valve changes to vent the closed
isolation valve to atmosphere during the test cycle. This prevents leakage from the air source into the test pneumatics,
which might hide a leak condition. At the end of the test cycle, the isolation valve opens to exhaust the part. The
normally closed calibration valve opens automatically only during the second test of the auto calibration routine in
order to connect the calibrated leak standard to the test volume. There is also a manual control of the calibration valve
within the SELF TEST, Open Orifice routine for calibration verification.

SENTINEL M24 1-11


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Figure 15 Version H Pneumatic diagram

Figure 16 Version H Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Single pressure or vacuum decay
test with high flow fill and exhaust capability
Some applications require a fast fill capability because of the large volume of the test part. The purpose of the high
flow pneumatics is to quickly get air into (or evacuate) the part for testing and exhaust (or vent) the part at the
conclusion of the test. The high flow valves minimize the pre-fill and exhaust times, therefore minimizing the total
cycle time. The high flow pneumatics valves have a Cv factor or flow coefficient that is 5 times greater than the
standard valve package. The sequence of the test is the same as described for the version S pneumatics above. The test
pressure range for this version pneumatics is limited to vacuum to 100 psi.

SENTINEL M24 1-12


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Figure 17 Version D Pneumatic diagram

Figure 18 Version D Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Dual pressure/vacuum decay test
utilizing one pressure transducer
For products requiring leak testing at two different pressures, vacuums, or combination, the Sentinel M24 instruments
are configured with either one or two pressure transducers. Version D utilizes just one absolute transducer ranged to
the highest test pressure. The instrument conducts two separate pressure and/or vacuum decay tests. The fill/exhaust
valves isolate the separate regulators, which control the two test pressures. Two leak standards with separate
calibration valves permit automatic calibration for the two different tests. This configuration can handle the
combination of pressure and vacuum but is limited to 75 psi for this type of combination. For combination tests that are
limited to pressure, the high-pressure limit is 200 psi. Selectable within the part program configuration either the first,
second, or both tests can be conducted. The version D pneumatic option fills two station slots within the Sentinel M24
instrument because it has two regulators. It conducts up to two sequential leak tests using the cycle described earlier for
the Version S pneumatics.

SENTINEL M24 1-13


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Figure 19 Version T Pneumatic diagram

Figure 20 Version T Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Dual pressure and/or vacuum
decay testing utilizing two pressure transducers
For dual pressure, vacuum, or combination applications which require the highest resolution and repeatability possible
or where the test pressures are very different, the version T has two absolute pressure transducers. A 3-way transducer
isolation valve protects each transducer during the separate leak tests. The calibration valves isolate the two calibrated
leak standards for the automatic calibration sequence. This configuration can handle the combination of pressure and
vacuum but is limited to 75 psi for this type of combination. For combination tests that are limited to pressure, the
high-pressure limit is 200 psi. Selectable within the part program configuration either the first, second, or both tests
can be conducted. The version T pneumatic option fills two station slots within the Sentinel M24 instrument because it
has two regulators. The pressure between tests of these two sequential tests must go to atmosphere (0 psig) before the
start of the second test.

SENTINEL M24 1-14


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

ADDITIONAL ACCESSORIES
Helpful accessories are available to provide additional capabilities to the instrument include:

* Inlet air filter set (0.3 and 5.0 micron filters)


Cincinnati Test Systems highly recommends installing a very good filter set on the inlet air for pressure decay
instruments. By filtering dirt and water from the source air, many maintenance problems are eliminated.

SENTINEL M24 1-15


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

SENTINEL M24 1-16


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION


The Sentinel M24 instruments are compact, state-of-the-art leak test units, which will verify the integrity of your
products. The software is multi-tasking so it performs several tasks at the same time. Therefore, the Display functions
can be reviewed without interfering with the testing functions. Calibration and changing setup functions are not
accessible during testing because they change the fundamental way the system works. Attempting to use a conflicting
function causes the Edit Not Allowed message to appear.

The basic instrument software performs the following types of tasks:

Leak test operation


Graphic display of tests
Sequence of test
Real-time test data
Bar graph and pressure curves

Information displays
Counters
Historical test data
Test statistics

Communication with Ethernet, RS232, RS485, IrDA


Test data
Calibration information
Counter
Setup parameters
Test data streaming

Calibration
Automatic test calibration sequence

Self test
Station self leak test
Automatic test cycling
Open orifice valve for calibration verification
Set regulator pressure
Transducer calibration
Digital input/output operation display
Test valve function display

Instrument Configuration
Instrument Configuration Setup:
o General instrument operation
o Controls, security
o Digital Input & Output
o Test method
o Station setup
o Transducer setup
o Units of measurement

SENTINEL M24 2-1


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

Part Configuration
Part Configuration Setup of testing parameters for:
o Specific part on a station
o Timers
o Pressures
o Leak rates
o Test sequencing

Help functions
Explanation of screen variables in:
o Part Configuration
o Instrument Configuration
o Error messages
o Test data and Statistics

The instrument is setup for general operation at Cincinnati Test Systems before shipment. To change the setup, refer to
the appropriate chapters:

CHAPTER 5, INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION


PART CONFIGURATION - change test parameters for individual parts

Default Settings
A document listing the default setup for the instrument at shipment is included in the packet that includes the leak
standard certification papers. Review to this document and plan the changes required to meet your test specifications
before operating the instrument. Additional initial setup information may be found in the following references:
See CHAPTER 6, PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
See CHAPTER 17, OPTIMIZING THE TEST PERFORMANCE

SENTINEL M24 2-2


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

INSTRUMENT FEATURES
Test status lights (accept, reject, in-test or
256 x 128 pixel graphic display (16 lines x 42 characters) Test 1, Test 2, Test 3, Test 4)
Display panel Power on-off switch
Functions panel Alphanumeric input/edit panel

Regulator adjustment knob Test port quick connect fittings IrDA port RS232 port (9 pin)

Figure 21 Overview of Sentinel M24 instrument

SENTINEL M24 2-3


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

INTERNAL INSTRUMENT LAYOUT

Display board Station pneumatic manifolds


Interface circuit board
Figure 22 Internal layout of the Sentinel M24 instrument

Power On
When the M24 system power is turned on, the following screen will be displayed as the M24 instrument performs
internal checks.

Figure 23 Power-on screen


After the M24 system completes its internal checks and displays the Power-on screen for about 3 seconds, the M24
display advances to the Monitor screen. The contents of the Monitor screen vary depending upon the configuration of
the M24. The following display is representative:

SENTINEL M24 2-4


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

Figure 24 Initial Monitor screen


From the Initial Monitor screen, other screens may be viewed by using the buttons on the display panel.

For more information about setting up the M24 system, see CHAPTER 4, INSTRUMENT SETUP.

OPERATOR DISPLAYS
The M24 Control Panel accesses the features of the M24 software. For an example of a graphical VFD display, see
Figure 27 Multiple Station, Monitor display. Notice that the display screen is organized to be easy to understand.
At the top is the Screen Title. The center of the screen displays the body of information or parameters for editing. In
the lower right of the screen, the Active Station Designator shows which test station is currently active.

The M24 user selects the information to display by pressing one of the keys in the Display Panel, located below the
VFD Display.

IT IS IMPORTANT TO BE AWARE THAT OPERATOR SELECTIONS PERTAINING TO A TEST


STATION APPLY TO THE STATION THAT IS SELECTED AS THE ACTIVE STATION.

SENTINEL M24 2-5


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

ALPHANUMERIC AND EDITING KEYS

Figure 25 Alphanumeric keypad with Edit/Enter/Exit keys

Alphanumeric
The Alphanumeric keys can be used for Numeric or Alphanumeric input. The type of data needed by the system will
determine which keypad mode will be used.

Numeric entry mode is used to enter number data. In Numeric entry mode, each time a key is pressed, the digit is
entered and the cursor moves to the right.

Alphanumeric entry mode is used for text data entry. In Alphanumeric entry mode, numbers, some symbols and
upper and lower case letters can be entered by repeatedly pressing a key. The key cycles through the number and each
letter (capital and small characters) with successive pushes. Use the Down arrow key to move the cursor to the next
character position when the same key is going to be used to enter the next character. The cursor will automatically
index to the next character when a different alphanumeric key is pushed. The Up arrow key will move the cursor to the
left or back along the line of data.

Navigation Keys

UP and DOWN arrow buttons move the display pointer up or down the screen to select a parameter to be changed.
When in the edit mode, these keys scroll through available Yes or No choices or option selections.

NEXT PAGE

NEXT PAGE sequences the display to additional screens within the active Display function.

SENTINEL M24 2-6


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

EDIT

EDIT selects the information line indicated by the pointer on the display for change. After pushing EDIT, the
alphanumeric keys or the UP and DOWN keys are used to enter or choose new variables. Push Edit key after making
changes to save the highlighted variables and move to the next row or column where there are additional items to
change or select. (Dual pressure stations will have two columns of test parameters.)

(Pushing EDIT may initiate the password display if security is set and the value is editable. Enter the correct password
using the alphanumeric keys and then push ENTER.)

ENTER

ENTER key stores the changes made to programmed parameters, Yes or No toggled choices, or programmed choices
into memory and escapes the edit mode. In order to leave a Display screen and store the parameters as they appear on
the screen, you must push ENTER. You cannot escape a screen to another display function while in the edit mode.

EXIT

EXIT returns the highlighted line back to its original setting and escapes the edit mode. If changes were made,
those changes are lost.

DISPLAY PANEL
The DISPLAY Panel is laid out to give the operator convenient access to review or change the test information stored
in the instrument or verify instrument performance. (Access to change the stored information can be protected by a
security password. The selection of what information is to be protected by password is programmed within the "Instr
Config" function, SECURITY CONFIGURATION on page 5-17.)

Figure 26 Function and Display Panels

MONITOR

SENTINEL M24 2-7


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

MONITOR key selects one or all stations for monitoring tests.


For individual stations, (as shown in Figure 28 Active Station, Monitor screen), the screen displays:
Active station number
Part Name
Test sequence
Remaining cycle time
Pressure, graphic display of test pressure verses time
Bar graph of pressure verses limits
Test results

For multiple stations, it displays the following for each active station:
Active Station numbers
Part names
Test sequence
Remaining cycle time
Pressures
Graphic bar graph display of pressure verses limits
Test results

Press the MONITOR key to see the Multi-Station, Monitor Display

MO N I T O R ALL S T AT I ON S
Screen
0 M i n Title
1 T r a n sm i s s i o n
P r e f i l l 2 . 4sec 23 . 0 ps i
R A R
Body
2 Head l i gh t 123
TEST 1 . 3 sec . 00045 ps i

3 Ca t he t e r 1234 0 . 7 3 c cm
ACCE P T . 00082 ps i

4 C omp r e s s o r 1 2 0 . 8 9 c cm
A CEPT
C . 00462 ps i

1 2 3 4

Active station number indicator


(station 2 is the active station)

Figure 27 Multiple Station, Monitor display

Multi-Station Displays
The active station number is always displayed in the lower right hand corner of the screen. This is the station that will
be viewed when the monitor is switched to the single station display or when any other Display key is pushed to view
or edit parameters or functions.

Dual Pressure Test Displays


Dual pressure test stations (version D or T pneumatics) which occupy two pneumatic positions display the test and test
results on two of the bar graphs. The first bar graph is for the first test and second is the second test.

SENTINEL M24 2-8


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

The selected station may be viewed alone by pressing the MONITOR key twice.

Figure 28 Active Station, Monitor screen


In Figure 28, above, on the right side of the display screen, the two pressure values are the Max Test Pressure and the
Zero Pressure, as shown on Figure 57 Pressure screen for Dual Pressure Tests on page 7-3. The ZOOM feature
shown between these two pressures has three numbers below it:
ZOOM
> 1
2
3

Pressing the Up Arrow or Down Arrow on the keypad will cause the pointer > to switch from 1 to 2 to 3, as
shown below: 2 will switch the scaling to the max and min test pressure values. 3 will switch to +5% of the mid
point pressure between max and min test pressure.
ZOOM
1
> 2
3

Observe that the graph changes scaling factors so that it approaches the transducers full scale when > 1 is selected.

Pressure/Vacuum Settings and Displays


Vacuum pressure settings are entered as negative gage values measured from atmospheric pressure. Therefore, a -2.0
psi represents a vacuum setting of 12.7 psia (Atmospheric pressure is 14.7 psi absolute so 14.7 psia minus 2.0 psi is
12.7 psia). The bar display shown in Figure 27 Multiple Station, Monitor display will extend to the right as vacuum
is applied to the part. The line graph display shown in Figure 28 above, shows a graph rise on the display screen as
vacuum is pulled on the part. If the part under test has a leak or loses vacuum, the bar graph will retreat to the left and
the line graph will fall.

Pressure test will be displayed similarly. The bar display shown in Figure 27 Multiple Station, Monitor display,
will extend to the right as test pressure is increased. The line graph display, in Figure 28 above, shows the graph rise
on the display screen as test pressure is increased. If the part under test has a leak or loses pressure, the bar graph will
retreat to the left and the line graph will fall.

A pressure test will display a positive number whereas the vacuum test will display a negative number.

SENTINEL M24 2-9


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

PART CONFIG

PART CONFIG key accesses the following information on the selected station:
Timers
Pressure values
Leak rates
Part test configuration
Testing features

Figure 29 Initial Part Setup screen


For details of the Part Configuration function, see CHAPTER 7, PART CONFIGURATION.

INSTR CONFIG

INSTR CONFIG key provides access to instrument setup functions for:


Communication
Units of measurement
Station configuration
Transducer ranges
Time
Date
Counter alarms
Inputs
Outputs
Security

SENTINEL M24 2-10


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

Figure 30 Initial Instrument Setup screen


For details of the Instrument Configuration function, see CHAPTER 5, INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION.

TEST DATA

TEST DATA key provides access to the following:


Saved test result data
Counter information
Statistics for each station

Figure 31 Test Data Counter screen

SELF TEST

SELF TEST functions include:

SENTINEL M24 2-11


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

Verification and Validation functions of instrument performance


o Internal instrument leak check
o Transducer span calibration
o Manual Regulator setting
o Leak calibration verification
o Test valves function
o Digital input and output verification
o Auto run cycling.

Figure 32 Initial Self Test screen

HELP

HELP key displays definitions of the parameters on the screen. Push the HELP key while in Part Configuration,
Instrument Configuration, or Test Results screens to get an explanation of the variables.

The following is a representative example of a Help screen. In this case, the INSTR CONFIG key was pressed and
then the HELP key. Note the Down Arrow symbol in the upper right corner of the Help box. The Down Arrow
symbol indicates that the screen is continued. To see the next portion of the Help screen, press the Next Page key or
Help Key.

SENTINEL M24 2-12


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

Figure 33 Help screen for Instrument Configuration

Moving from one display function to another or within a function


To sequence through the displays of information within each area, push the desired Display panel key repeatedly or
after pushing a Display key, push the "next page" key within a function to view the different screens of parameters.

There is no provision to back up to a previous display. Push the "Next Page" or the appropriate Display key repeatedly
to circle around to the desired display. You must escape the edit mode on a display screen to change screens. To
review parameters in another "Display" function, simply press the key for the display function with the desired
parameter. To exit the display functions, push the MONITOR key to return to all station test monitoring.

Displays are Station and Part program specific


All functions or parameters for Part Configuration, Instrument Configuration, Monitor, Self Test, and Test Data are
specific to the selected station and selected part program. The selected station is highlighted in the lower right corner.
The selected part program number and programmed name appear on each screen that is part specific.

SENTINEL M24 2-13


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

Part Number

P AR T SETUP S T A T I ON 3
P AR T 01

Ed i t Pa r t N ame STN 2 P AR T 0 1

TEST T I ME R S ( sec )

P r e f i l l 2 . 0 3 . 0
F i l l 3 . 0 4 . 0
S t a b i l i z e 4 . 0 3 . 5
T e s t 3 . 0 2 . 5
E x h a us t 2 . 0 3 . 0
R e l a x 20 . 0

1 2 3 x

Pointer Active Station

Figure 34 Typical Dual Pressure Port Configuration screen


Changing values or settings
The values displayed can only be changed if there is a blinking cursor below the numbers or information on the line.
Use the following keys to change or move among the Display functions.

FUNCTION PANEL
HOLD

HOLD function manually pauses the test sequence(s) in any step of the test process. It operates on the selected station
highlighted in the lower right corner of the display or all stations as programmed in INSTR CONFIG, test setup.
Pushing the button will pause the test sequence of the selected station or all stations. Pushing the button again allows
the test sequence(s) to continue.

CHANGE PART

CHANGE PART facilitates the convenient selection of a stored part test program from the 16 available programs for
the selected Active station while in the Monitor, Auto Calibration, or Part Configuration displays. Pushing the button
will sequence through the part programs stored for the Active station.

SENTINEL M24 2-14


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

CHANGE STATION

CHANGE STATION sequences through the available stations to select one station for Monitoring, Part
Configuration, Instrument Configuration, Test Data, and Self Test Displays or Auto Calibration, Hold, and Single
Station Start and Stop functions. Each of the configured test stations is represented in the lower right portion of the
display screen. If the Sentinel M24 system is configured with four test stations, then the screen will show: 1 2 3 4,
as illustrated in Figure 27 Multiple Station, Monitor display on page 2-8. If the Sentinel M24 system includes three
test stations, then the screen will show: 1 2 3 x, as shown in Figure 30 Initial Instrument Setup screen on page 2-
11.

When the CHANGE STATION key is pressed, the selected Station becomes the next sequential station. If the selected
or Active Station is 1 and the CHANGE STATION key is pressed, the selected station becomes 2. The Active
station will immediately be reflected in the lower right portion of the display screen.

AUTO CALIB

AUTO CALIB automatically sequences through a calibration routine for the Active station to establish the accept
and reject pressure (vacuum) loss values. The tests are conducted using a master test part in conjunction with the
integral calibrated leak standard(s) supplied in the instrument pneumatics. The selection of the Auto Calibration
method is made within the Instrument Configuration displays.

START STATION initiates a test sequence on the single Active station.

STOP STATION interrupts the test sequence on the single Active station and resets the station for a new test.

START ALL STATIONS

START ALL STATIONS initiates a test sequence for all stations at the same time.

STOP ALL STATIONS

STOP ALL STATIONS interrupts the test sequence for all stations at the same time and resets the stations for new
tests.

(The Auto Calib, Change Part, Hold, Start Station, and Stop Station functions for each station are accessible for remote
actuation via the programmed digital input terminals on the input/output board of the Sentinel M24 instrument).

SENTINEL M24 2-15


CHAPTER 2 INSTRUMENT OPERATION

SENTINEL M24 2-16


CHAPTER 3 ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA

CHAPTER 3 ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA


The M24 Display and Function buttons are used to set up the system and to make future changes. The Function and
Display buttons are used to call up the appropriate display screens. The Navigation and Edit buttons are used to locate
the data items on the screen. The keypad can be used for both numeric and alphanumeric data input.

To change data, that data must first be selected on the screen. Press the Up or Down Arrow keys to move the arrow
symbol on the screen to the line to be changed. To change this data, press the EDIT key. In certain data screens, a
password may be required to edit the data. If so, enter the four digit password when prompted on the screen, and press
the ENTER button to proceed.

When data is entered on the keypad, the system data is not changed until the EDIT or ENTER button is pressed. To
suspend the data entry without changing the system data, press the EXIT key instead of the EDIT or ENTER key.

Numeric Data
The numeric keypad is located on the right hand side of the M24 front panel. The numeric keypad is arranged like a
telephone keypad. The flashing cursor will be located under the digit to be changed in the numeric field. As a digit is
entered, the flashing cursor moves to the right.

For example, to change the Email IP address from 000.000.000.000 to 128.010.000.003, follow this sequence:

Use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow navigation keys to select the Mail Server line and press EDIT. Note that the
flashing cursor is positioned under the left most digit of the first decimal number to be entered.

Using the numeric keypad, press 1 and observe that the digits to the right of the digit just entered are blank and that
the flashing cursor moves to the next digit to the right.

Press 2 on the keypad and observe that the digit to the right of the digit just entered remains blank and that the
flashing cursor moves to the next digit to the right.

Press 8 on the numeric keypad and observe that the flashing cursor remains in the right-most digit position of the
numeric field.

Press EDIT to move the flashing cursor to the next subfield of the IP address. The data entered into the field becomes
permanent when either the EDIT or the ENTER key is pressed.

SENTINEL M24 3-1


CHAPTER 3 ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA

Press 0, then 1 and then 0 on the numeric keypad.

Press EDIT to move the flashing cursor to the next subfield of the IP address.

The 000 value of the third number is correct, so move to the fourth number by pressing EDIT.

Press 0, then 0 and then 3 on the numeric keypad.

The four numbers are now correct, so press the ENTER button which is located among the navigation buttons.

When ENTER is pressed, the most recent data field is changed in the M24 system. If EXIT had been pressed, the
numbers entered in the fourth subfield would not have been changed.

Alphanumeric Data
The alphanumeric keypad is located on the right hand side of the M24 front panel. The alphanumeric keypad is
arranged like a telephone keypad. The same keypad is used to enter either numeric or alphanumeric data, but the
system behavior is different, depending on which type of data the system is expecting.

Data can be entered into some fields, which contain alphabetic characters. In some fields, alphabetic data may be
mixed with numeric and some special symbols. The alphanumeric keypad is used for this data entry.

When entering alphanumeric data, the flashing cursor is initially located at the first position (or left hand side of the
data field). A keypad button may be pressed more than once to enter the correct character. For instance, if the 9
button on the alphanumeric keypad is pressed ten times, the location on the screen above the flashing cursor will
display the following characters in sequence: 9, W, X, Y, Z, w, x, y, z and 9. Each of these
characters will replace the previous one, until a navigation button or a different alphanumeric key is pressed. When the
requested character is displayed, press a different alphanumeric key, or the Down Arrow button to advance to the next
data position. When the changes are completed, press the ENTER button to cause the data to be stored in the system.

For example, to change the Instrument Name from M24 LeakTest to M24 Leaky-1, the alphanumeric keypad
would be used as follows:

Use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow navigation keys to position the arrow to the line to be changed. Push the EDIT
key. Note that the flashing cursor is positioned under the left most character to be changed.

SENTINEL M24 3-2


CHAPTER 3 ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA

Since the first eight characters M24 Leak are correct, in this example, press the Down Arrow button eight times to
avoid rekeying the characters.

The flashing cursor is now located under the ninth character. Press the 9 button eight times, and observe that the T
changes to a 9, W, X, Y, Z, w, x and y.

Since the next character uses a different alphanumeric key, just press the +/- button three times in order to change the
e to an -.

Press the 1 button once in order to change the s to a 1.

Press the 0 button three times in order to change the t to a blank space. If the Down Arrow key is pressed, the
flashing cursor remains in the last position of the alphanumeric field.

Press ENTER and the data is changed in the M24 system. If EXIT is pressed, instead of ENTER, the data entered is
not changed, and the display will revert to M24 LeakTest.

Scroll Data
Scroll data entry requires a selection from a list of options. To edit a scroll data field, move the flashing cursor to the
field and press the EDIT button. The flashing cursor will identify the field being changed. The current selection will
be displayed. Press one of the navigation buttons (Up Arrow, or Down Arrow) to advance to another data parameter
choice. When the desired data parameter choice is displayed, press the ENTER or EDIT button to store the new
selection into the system.

For example, to select the option to control automatic Email notification in the INSTRUMENT SETUP
Communications screen, use the navigation buttons to select the Email Alert line.

Press the EDIT button and then the Down Arrow button. The next option in the sequence is displayed.

SENTINEL M24 3-3


CHAPTER 3 ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA

Press the Down Arrow button. The next option in the sequence is displayed.

Press the Down Arrow button. The next option in the sequence is displayed.

Press the Down Arrow button. The original option in the sequence is displayed.

When ENTER or EDIT is pressed, the data is changed in the M24 system. If EXIT is pressed, instead of ENTER or
EDIT, the data entered is not changed and the display will revert to the original setting.

Y/N Scroll Data


Y/N Scroll data is a special case of Scroll Data. Some selections only allow a Y or an N option, representing a
Yes or No choice. To edit a Y/N scroll data field, move the arrow to the desired data field and press the EDIT
button. The flashing cursor will move to the Y or N current value. Press either navigation (Arrow) button to
change the data from a Y to an N or from an N to a Y. Press the ENTER or EDIT button to store the new
selection into the system.

For example, to select the Custom Output Format option in the Serial Communications screen, use the navigation
buttons to select the Custom Output Format line. Press the EDIT button.

Press the Down Arrow button. The next option in the sequence is displayed.

Press the Down Arrow button. The original option is displayed.

When ENTER is pressed, the data is changed in the M24 system. If EXIT is pressed, instead of ENTER, the data
entered is not changed.

Password Protected Screens


Some of the screens will be password protected against change by unauthorized users. (See SECURITY
CONFIGURATION on page 5-17). Attempts to change the data in the password-protected screens will require
entering a password.

For example, the Instrument Setup screen contains data that may be password protected. When the EDIT button is
pressed, the password window will appear in front of the current display.

SENTINEL M24 3-4


CHAPTER 4 INSTRUMENT SETUP

CHAPTER 4 INSTRUMENT SETUP


After the instrument is mounted, plumbing connections completed, Digital I/O lines wired and inlet power connections
made, you are now ready to turn on power to the instrument.
Turn on power
Use the power switch located on the top to turn on the power to the instrument.
The instrument software goes through a startup procedure that checks the RAM memory, input/output modules,
operator display, transducer zero, and calibration status. During this time the Sentinel M24 initialization screen
appears.

Figure 35 Sentinel M24 Initialization screen


When the Sentinel M24 system completes its self-check, the Monitor All Stations screen is displayed.

Figure 36 Initial Monitor All Stations screen

Conduct a self-test on each instrument station to verify its leak integrity


Select the station by pushing CHANGE STATION until the desired station is highlighted in the lower right corner of
the screen.

SENTINEL M24 4-1


CHAPTER 4 INSTRUMENT SETUP

A clean, dry supply of air must be provided to the M24 system.

Unplug the test line at the quick connect and connect the self-test plug (attached to the bottom of the Sentinel M24
enclosure). See Figure 40.

Push the SELF TEST button on the Display panel.

Figure 37 Initial Self-Test Functions screen


To enter the test air pressure, select the line Self Test Pressure (psi); follow the instructions in Numeric Data on
page 3-1 to enter the amount of air pressure to test the part. Leave the level of Self Test at 1 for this initial test. Level 2
is more stringent and should be used later when it is determined that the orifice loss is less than 0.02 psi.

Adjust Regulator
Select the line, Calib XDucer/Set Regul and select Y, see Y/N Scroll Data on page 3-4.
Open any air valve needed to allow the air supply to reach the Sentinel M24 system.

Figure 38 Calibrate Transducer screen

SENTINEL M24 4-2


CHAPTER 4 INSTRUMENT SETUP

Press ENTER, as instructed in Step 1, on screen.


Note that the air pressure value on the line M24 Reading displays the air pressure value. Adjust the regulator knob,
shown in Figure 40 Self test connections for the Sentinel M24 on page 4-3. The regulator knob is the black wheel
near the bottom of that photograph. Adjust the regulator knob until the required air pressure value is indicated on the
display screen.

Press SELF TEST to return to the screen shown in Figure 37 Initial Self-Test Functions screen. Change the Run
Self Test? to Y. Follow the instructions on the screen to initiate the Self Test. For more detail, refer to CHAPTER
9, SELF TEST.

Figure 39 Self-test function screen

Figure 40 Self test connections for the Sentinel M24

Push the MONITOR key to observe the graphical representations of the self-test in progress.

The instrument conducts a preprogrammed leak test on the selected stations pneumatics.

If there is no internal leak, the following message appears: "SELF TEST PASSED"

Reconnect the test line to the quick connect test port and return the self-test cap (plug) to the self-test holder.

If there is an internal leak, the following message appears: "SELF TEST FAILED"

SENTINEL M24 4-3


CHAPTER 4 INSTRUMENT SETUP

Verify that there is an inlet air supply to the M24 instrument. Confirm that the regulator is set to the correct pressure.

Check all the plumbing connections for possible leaks using a soaping agent. If it is difficult to see all the fittings, you
can remove the pneumatic manifold block and reconnect the supply air to another air source. This should make it
easier to check for leaks with a soaping agent. After fixing the leak, reconnect the test line to the quick connect at the
test port.

Do not tighten the male quick connect fitting of the Sentinel M24 into the pneumatic block. The assembly
process utilizes Loctite. Tightening the fitting may crack the pneumatic block and void the warranty.

For initial use of the Sentinel M24 instruments, the following steps should be taken:

1. Review Instrument Configuration parameters for any changes required to meet your application. (These functions
are all preset before shipment.) A table with the Instrument Configuration parameters is located in the envelope
inside the instrument. Output a summary of the instrument's setup configuration and part parameters for reference later
if there is any discrepancy in the instrument's operation. If additional technical detail is required about how any of the
many functions work, go through the systematic review of each function within Instrument and Station(s) Setup
Routine on page 5-1. The HELP button on the Display panel also gives a brief description of the menu items on the
Instrument Configuration displays.

Communication
Station Configuration
Transducer configuration
Pressure and leak rate unit configuration
Date/Time
Calibration method
Input/Output configuration
Security

2. Review and change initial part setup parameters to meet your actual test requirements.

SUMMARY EXPLANATION OF PART TEST PARAMETERS on page 7-8. A complete technical explanation
for each variable is provided in CHAPTER 7. There is more technical discussion about setting parameters in
CHAPTER 6, PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION and CHAPTER 17, OPTIMIZING THE TEST
PERFORMANCE. The following data can be found on the PART CONFIG screens. By pressing the HELP button
while viewing the PART CONFIG screens, brief descriptions of these menu items can be found.

Pressures
Leak values
Timers
Test features

3. Set the pressure regulator to actual test specifications. For instructions on how to set the regulator, see the section
earlier on page 4-2 in this chapter on Set regulator to desired test pressure.

SENTINEL M24 4-4


CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

INSTRUMENT AND STATION(S) SETUP ROUTINE


The INSTR CONFIG button on the Display panel accesses the setup and operation of universal instrument and station
functions. The universal instrument operations include communications and security. The Sentinel M24 can be
configured for up to four stations with a maximum limitation of four regulators. The basic setup functions for each
station and the overall instrument are:

Serial Communications
TCP/IP Communications
Miscellaneous (time, date, units of measurement, cal method)
Instrument setup (test method, manifold, transducers)
Digital Inputs
Digital Outputs
Security

Instrument configuration functions can be reviewed at any time. The parameters within Instrument Configuration
cannot be edited while the instrument is testing on any station. While editing any Instrument Configuration
function, the instrument will not accept a start test signal either remotely or directly.

To change any parameters the instrument must not be testing. Use the Up or Down arrow keys to position the
pointer next to the item to be edited. Push the EDIT key and a lighted cursor will appear under the first character
of the variable. Use the alphanumeric key pad to enter the desired numbers or letters (pushing the alphanumeric
key several times will sequence through the number and the letters (capital and small)). When you push another
key, the cursor will move over automatically. To enter another character using the same key, push the Down
arrow key. Use the arrow keys to move the cursor forward or back on a line. For pre-set options use the Up and
Down arrow keys to scroll through the choices. After entering the desired value or selecting the desired option:
* Push EDIT to save the selection and move to the next variable,
* Push ENTER to save the selection and escape the edit mode,
* Push EXIT to escape the edit mode without saving the changes to the highlighted variable.
If a mistake was made, push EXIT and EDIT keys to return to the original data. Push INST CONFIG or NEXT
PAGE to advance to the next screen. Push MONITOR, PART CONFIG, TEST DATA, or any other key to
escape INSTR CONFIG. If you are unable to escape INSTR CONFIG, you are probably still in edit mode for
one of the variables.

Push the HELP key while on any screen to receive a brief description of each variable. You must exit the
edit mode to view the Help displays.

SENTINEL M24 5-1


CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

COMMUNICATIONS

Press the INSTR CONFIG key to see the INSTRUMENT SETUP Serial Communications screen.

Figure 41 Serial Communication setup screen

Serial Communications
There are sets of data that the RS-232 or IrDA serial port can send to a PLC or computer. If the RS-232 or IrDA port is
used, the system needs to know what data to send.

The choices of data to be sent on the RS-232 or IrDA serial port are:

Select Parameter Description


Instrument Info Information from the Instrument Setup screens. See Figure 76 Instrument Info download
example on page 11-2.
Pressure Stream* Sensor pressure readings are sent 10 times per second from each test station
Each Test ALL Test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 4 Test results from Station 4, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 3 Test results from Station 3, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 2 Test results from Station 2, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 1 Test results from Station 1, see page 11-3
Station Last 1000 1000 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Last 100 100 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Station Last 20 20 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Counters Current station counters see page 11-4
Part Setup STN Part setup parameters for All Parts at this Station, see page 11-5
Part Setup Curr Part setup parameters for Current Part, see page 11-6
Station Setup Current station parameters and counters see page 11-7

Table 1 RS232/IrDA Function Options

*Note: If function output is set for "Pressure Stream", the instrument can output the station number, test
phase, and pressure information for all testing stations at once via the RS232 or IrDA port.

To change the function of the RS-232/IrDA port, follow the instructions in the ENTERING AND CHANGING
DATA section on Scroll Data on page 3-3.

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RS232/IrDA Port Config


IrDA (InfraRed Data Association) is an Infrared method of data communications. Infrared light is used to send data
between computers, especially PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants) such as the Palm hand-held computers.

The M24 includes an IrDA port on the front panel. The IrDA port uses the small window adjacent to the D-9 RS-232
connector on the front panel (see Figure 42 External IrDA and RS-232 ports on page 5-4). See RS232 Hardware
connection on page 13-7 for circuit board termination information for RS232. The IrDA port and the RS-232 port
share circuit logic, so the RS-232 and the IrDA communications ports cannot be used at the same time. The
RS232/IrDA Port Config parameter selects between the RS-232 and IrDA ports. It also selects the data rate and the
Flow Control mechanism. The allowed choices for the RS232/IrDA Port Config are shown below:

Port Data Rate Flow Control


RS232 9600 None
RS232 57600 None
IrDA 9600 Hardware

Table 2 RS232/IrDA Port Configuration


To change the function of the RS-232/IrDA port, follow the instructions in the ENTERING AND CHANGING
DATA section on Scroll Data on page 3-3.

RS-485 Functions
There are several ways that the RS-485 port can be used. If the RS-485 port is used, the system needs to know what
data is to be sent on the RS-485 port.

The choices of data to be sent on the RS-485 port are:

Select Parameter Description


Instrument Info Information from the Instrument Setup screens. See Figure 76 Instrument Info download
example on page 11-2.
Pressure stream Pressure Stream, data sampled 10 times per second, see page 11-2
Each Test ALL Test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 4 Test results from Station 4, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 3 Test results from Station 3, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 2 Test results from Station 2, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 1 Test results from Station 1, see page 11-3
Station Last 1000 1000 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Last 100 100 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Station Last 20 20 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Counters Current station counters see page 11-4
Part Setup STN Part setup parameters for All Parts at this Station, see page 11-5
Part Setup Curr Part setup parameters for Current Part, see page 11-6
Station Setup Current station parameters and counters see page 11-7

Table 3 RS485 Function Options


To change the function of the RS-485 port, follow the instructions in the ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA
section on Scroll Data on page 3-3. . RS485 operates at 57600 baud.

The circuit board connection port is located in the upper left side of the lower circuit board. For connection
information refer to page 13-10. Refer to page 10-2 for a picture of the connection.

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Figure 42 External IrDA and RS-232 ports

Figure 43 Internal RS-232 terminals

RS 485 ID
The RS-485 port must have an identification number, so that the PLC will recognize the specific instrument station.
The default RS-485 ID is 00. The RS-485 ID may have a numeric value from 00 to 31. To change the RS-485
ID, follow the instructions in the Numeric Data section on page 3-1.

Customize Output Format


The RS232/IrDA/RS485/TCP/IP communications channels allow reports to be sent to a printer, PLC or other
computer. An example of the Test Data report is shown below. This is the default format for the report.

Figure 44 Sample of Test Data Output Report using default format

It is possible to send different data and data in different column order in the output report.
The format of these reports can be selected using the following screen:

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Figure 45 Custom Test Data Format default screen

The custom output report design screen shown in Figure 45 can be changed to match your installations needs. All of
the data items must fit on one line. There is more data available than the space allowed, so this screen allows you to
select the information to be displayed, and the order of the information. There are a maximum of twelve columns of
information selectable from the available options below. Actual data selected should match the data collection
requirements or the printer space available. The table below shows the choices available for each column of the output
report. Notice that column width and the sample of the output data item are both shown to assist you in designing the
output report. Use the OFF selection when all the available columns are used or desired data selected. A maximum
output is 65 characters plus 11 spaces. Up to 12 columns of data are allowed; if you need fewer than 12 columns of
data, use the Off field to declare a column as not used.

CUSTOM TEST DATA FORMAT


NAME WIDTH TITLE SAMPLE COMMENTS
Test Eval 1 E R Accepted or Rejected ( A/R )
Test Pressure High or Low (H/L)
Transducer Zero Bad (Z)
Malfunction (M)
Transducer Output Over Range (X)
Severe Leak (S)
Stop Key Pushed (P)
Test Jumped, First Test Rejected, Did Not
Run Second Test (J)
No Test, Test Skipped (N)
Part # 2 P 01 Part Program Number (1-16)
Station# 1 S 1 Test Station Number (1-4)
Off (No space added)
485 ID 2 ID 01 RS485 ID number (00-31)
Which test 1 T 1 First or second test (1-2)
Part Name 12 Name PartName Up to 12 alphanumeric characters
Test Nature 1 Q L Conclusion of test is Quick or Long (Q/L)
Pred Leak 4 P-LK 2.34 Quik Test Leak Rate Calculated leak rate
using predicted pressure loss values taken at
the Quik Test timer
Leak Rate 4 Leak 2.34 Calculated leak rate value for the test
Proc Drift 6 PDrift .00123 Calculated drift correction
Pred P Loss 6 P-PL .01234 Quik Test Predicted Pressure Loss
Predicted pressure loss calculate for a test
using the pressure reading taken at the Quik
Test time

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

Pres Loss 6 P-Loss .01234 Measured pressure loss during test cycle
Pressure 6 Pres 102.32 Pressure at start of test - Measured
pressure at the beginning of the test cycle
Time 8 Time 08:30:50 Hour, minute, and second that test was
performed
Date 8 Date 12/31/03 Month and day that test was performed

Figure 46 Custom serial output options


To customize the report output, select a line on the Custom Test Data Format screen and follow the instructions in the
section on Scroll Data on page 3-3 in order to select the data from Figure 46 Custom serial output options to go into
the output report.

Instrument Name
Enter up to 12 alphanumeric characters. The name appears on email alert messages from the instrument. To change
the Instrument Name, see the example in Alphanumeric Data on page 3-2.

Serial Number
Unique serial number assigned to instrument by CTS. The Serial Number is set before the M24 system is shipped. The
Serial Number cannot be changed by the user.

Software Versions
Versions of software for instrument for VFD board (V), and slave board (S). The Software Version is set when the
software is uploaded. The Software Version number cannot be changed by the user, other than by uploading a new
version of the software.

TCP/IP COMMUNICATIONS

Press the INSTR CONFIG key twice to see the first INSTRUMENT SETUP screen; or,
press the INSTR CONFIG key once and then press the NEXT PAGE key once.

Figure 47 Instrument Setup TCP/IP Communications

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

TCP/IP function
There are several ways that the TCP/IP (Ethernet) port can be used. If the TCP/IP port is used, the system needs to
know what data will be received from the TCP/IP port.

The choices of data to be sent on the TCP/IP port are:

Select Parameter Description


Instrument Info Information from the Instrument Setup screens. See Figure 76 Instrument Info download
example on page 11-2.
Pressure stream Pressure Stream, data sampled 10 times per second, see page 11-2
Each Test ALL Test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 4 Test results from Station 4, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 3 Test results from Station 3, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 2 Test results from Station 2, see page 11-3
Each Test STN 1 Test results from Station 1, see page 11-3
Station Last 1000 1000 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Last 100 100 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Station Last 20 20 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Counters Current station counters see page 11-4
Part Setup STN Part setup parameters for All Parts at this Station, see page 11-5
Part Setup Curr Part setup parameters for Current Part, see page 11-6
Station Setup Current station parameters and counters see page 11-7

Email Alert
One of the selectable alert choices can trigger an automatic email to be sent to the email address entered below the
alert. The instrument cannot perform or start a test for 2-3 seconds while sending an email. To change the Email
Alert option, follow the instructions in the section on Scroll Data on page 3-3.

Email Alert Selection Description


Off No Email Alerts
Orifice recal due Orifice recalibration is due. See section Leak Info Screen beginning on page 7-4.
3 Rejects in a row Three parts in sequence have failed leak tests.
Orif recal & 3 Rej Either the orifice recalibration is due or 3 successive parts have failed leak tests.

Email address for the Alert


Any valid Email address may be entered. The email address may be up to 39 characters long. The default email
address is m24serv@cincinnati-test.com. To change the email address, see Alphanumeric Data on page 3-
2.

Send Email
Selected instrument information will be sent as an email via the TCP/IP port to the email address detailed below this
selection when the ENTER key is pushed. A reduced list of choices detailed below are available. The instrument
cannot perform or start a test for 2-3 seconds while sending an email.

Report Selection Description


Part Setup-Curr Part setup parameters for Current Part, see page 11-6
Part Setup-STN Part setup parameters for All Parts at this Station, see page 11-5
Station Setup Current station parameters and counters see page 11-7
Instrument Info Instrument Setup screen parameters, see page 11-1
Station Counters Current station counters see page 11-4
Station Last 100 100 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4
Station Last 20 20 most recent test results from all stations, see page 11-4

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Mail Server IP
To change the IP address, see the example in Alphanumeric Data on page 3-2. This information should be setup by
Management Information Personnel within company.

DNS
To change the IP address, see the example in Alphanumeric Data on page 3-2. This information should be setup by
Management Information Personnel within company.

M24 Address
To change the IP address, see the example in Alphanumeric Data on page 3-2.

Refer to Communication with other serial devices on page 10-1 for further information on how to set up
HyperTerminal, PDA, and printer for communication to external devices.

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

INSTRUMENT SETUP

Press the INSTR CONFIG key three times to see the third INSTRUMENT SETUP screen; or, press the INSTR
CONFIG key once and then press the NEXT PAGE key twice.

Figure 48 Setup screen for Units/time/date/Calibration method


The function descriptions below cover the displayed parameters found on the screen in Figure 48 Setup screen for
Units/time/date/Calibration method.

Apply HOLD key to INSTR


The HOLD button on the M24 front panel may be used in either of two ways.
By default, the HOLD button only affects the current station, but this feature can be changed to either of the options
shown below. To change the function of the HOLD button, follow the instructions on changing Scroll Data on page 3-
3.

Select Parameter Description


Current Station The HOLD button only affects the current station
All Stations The HOLD button affects all stations
Table 4 Hold Key function

Cal Frequency
The M24 system can be configured to force the user to perform an Auto Calibration after a certain number of parts are
tested on the system. The CAL Frequency parameter is the number of parts allowed to be tested before the System
must be recalibrated. The default value is 999999 which means that the feature is turned off.

To change the CAL Frequency, move the parameter selection arrow to the CAL Frequency line and press EDIT. Press
the Up or Down arrow to increment or decrement the value. When the correct value is displayed, press ENTER.

Date (MMDDYY)
The M24 System Date can be changed. To change the Date parameter, follow the instructions in the Numeric Data
section on page 3-1.

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Time (HHMMSS)
The M24 System Time can be changed. To change the Time parameter, follow the instructions in the Numeric Data
section on page 3-1. Hours are set on a 24 hour basis.

Screen Saver
The VFD display on the operator panel can degrade with time. To extend the life of the VFD display, a screen saver
feature is available. The screen saver displays a single line of scrolled text instead of the full screen of data. The single
line of text scrolls through the entire screen, so no portion of the VFD screen is continuously active. The current screen
is displayed if any key is pressed once. The allowed options are shown below. The default option is shown in bold
font. To change the function of the Screen Saver, follow the instructions on changing Scroll Data on page 3-3.

Select Parameter Description


10 min Key Idle The screen saver will be activated if no key has been pressed for 10 minutes.
25 min Key Idle The screen saver will be activated if no key has been pressed for 25 minutes.
10 min Key & D-Input Idle The screen saver will be activated if no key has been pressed and no digital inputs
received for 10 minutes.
25 min Key & D-Input Idle The screen saver will be activated if no key has been pressed and no digital inputs
received for 25 minutes.
Off The screen saver is deactivated, the VFD display remains on.

Table 5 Screen Saver options

Station Number
The Station Number column identifies the station number associated with that row. The Station Numbers are
enumerated from 1 to 4.

Number of Parts
For each station, this defines how many active part programs can be addressed via the CHANGE PART key or
remotely by "Part select" digital input or via the communication network (RS232, IrDA, RS485, and TCP/IP). The
available settings are 01 through 16.

PRESSURE UNITS
Establishes the units of measurement for pressure readings by the selected station. (Each station can operate with
different units of pressure.) Changing the units of reading re-scales all the pressure readings to the new units of
measurement. The available units are:

Select Parameter Description


Psi pounds per square inch
kPa kilo Pascals
Bar million dynes per square centimeter
MPa Mega Pascals
iHG inches of mercury
mHg millimeters of Mercury
iWC inches of water column
atm Atmospheres
ozi ounces per square inch

LEAK RATE UNITS


Establishes the units of measurement for leak rate (flow) calculations on the display. The numeric values entered for
high and low limits and orifice value must be in the units of measurement set here. Units available are:

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

Select Parameter Description


sccm Standard cubic centimeters per minute
sccs Standard cubic centimeters per second
scch Standard cubic centimeters per hour
slpm Standard liters per minute
slps Standard liters per second
slph Standard liters per hour
scis Standard cubic inches per second
scim Standard cubic inches per minute
scih Standard cubic inches per hour
scfh Standard cubic feet per hour
scfm Standard cubic feet per minute
scfs Standard cubic feet per second

Note: The conversion factors for these units of pressure and flow are found by pushing the HELP display key while on
this Instrument Setup screen.

METHOD OF CALIBRATION
The Sentinel M24 instruments can perform the auto calibration routine in one of three ways. The method depends on
where the leak standard (orifice) is located and how the part(s) will be tested during the calibration sequence. The
choices are:

Select Description Explanation


Parameter
A/INT Automatic, Orifice Tests the same part twice in the fixture utilizing the calibrated leak orifice
in manifold mounted on the internal pneumatic block. The orifice value is set in the Part
Configuration, Leak parameters under Orifice.
M/INT Manual, Orifice in Tests two different master parts where the calibrated leak orifice is mounted on
manifold the internal pneumatic block. A Start test input signal is required either via the
keypad or remotely to initiate the second test after changing the test part.
M/EXT Manual, Orifice in Tests different master parts where the leak master is part of the second test part
part or other or is manually introduced externally from the instruments pneumatic block. An
external input signal is required to initiate the second test after changing the test part. The
connection value of the external leak must be entered in the Orifice value under Part
Configuration routine for the appropriate part and station before executing the
AUTO CAL routine.
Table 6 Calibration Method options

For additional information on Automatic Calibration, see CHAPTER 8, AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION.

Instrument Setup - Transducers

Press the INSTR CONFIG key four times to see the fourth INSTRUMENT SETUP screen.

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Figure 49 Multi-station screen for Test/manifold/Transducer

The Test/manifold/Transducer setup screen is configured by Cincinnati Test Systems to match the hardware supplied in
the instrument. If the manifold or transducers are changed, the parameters on this screen may need to be edited.

The screen descriptions and choices are described below:

Station Number
The station is designated by a number, 1 through 4.
Select Parameter Description
1 Test Station 1
2 Test Station 2
3 Test Station 3
4 Test Station 4

MODULE
This refers to the type of test operating within the instrument or within a station. The only options are "Pressure
Decay" or Off. You can choose to disable a station by selecting Off, even though there may be test pneumatics
supplied.

Select Parameter Description


OFF Module is not being used
Press Decay Module is testing Pressure Decay

MANIFOLD
This refers to the configuration of the manifold supplied in the instrument or within a station of the instrument. The
options are:

Select Description
Parameter
S Standard flow, single pressure test manifold with Burkert solenoid valves (for vacuum through 200
psi)
H High flow, single pressure test manifold with pilot operated cartridge valves that provide five times
higher air flow (for vacuum through 100 psi)
D Dual sequential pressure test manifold with one pressure transducer using Burkert valves (for vacuum
through 200 psi but limited to test pressures of 70 psi when combined with vacuum)
T Dual sequential pressure test manifold with two pressure transducers using Burkert valves (for
vacuum through 200 psi but limited to test pressures of 70 psi when combined with vacuum)

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

TRANSDUCER1 & TRANSDUCER2


Depending on the pneumatic module supplied for each station, there may be one or two transducers supplied. The
pneumatic module D has one transducer that covers both pressure ranges. The pneumatic module T requires two
transducers. All of the transducers can measure vacuum when used in these manifolds.
The available transducer ranges (and the instrument pressure ranges used) are:

Select Parameter Description Used for the following ranges


DRK20A 20 psia 100 mv output V (0.5 to 14.7 psiv),
5 (0.5 to 5 psig)
DRK45A 45 psia 100 mv output 3 (0.5 to 30 psig)
DRK115 115 psia 100 mv output 1 (1 to 100 psig)
DRK215A 215 psia 100 mv output 2 (2 to 200 psig)
CUSTOM Any other 100 mv output transducer Special range pressure transducer

INPUTS AND OUTPUTS - MULTI-STATION


For additional information about the digital input and output signals, see the timing chart in Figure 88 Single Pressure
Test (version S or H) Output Timing Chart on page 13-4.

DIGITAL INPUT SETUP


Each station has two fixed inputs and two programmable inputs. For dual pressure test modules, there are two extra
programmable inputs available in the third and fourth terminals of the next station. (The first two terminals of the next
station are fixed OFF.) The terminals for the inputs are displayed on the setup screen. The inputs shown with an
asterisk (*) are fixed and the remainder are selectable. The numbers 1 through 16 are the input terminal numbers for
the input connectors on the Input/Output Co-processor board. See Input Terminals on page 13-7 for more information
about the terminals.

Press the INSTR CONFIG key five times to see the INSTRUMENT SETUP Digital Inputs screen.

Figure 50 Digital Input screen for multi-station setup

Start - Initiates the testing function for the station.

Stop/Release - Advances the test immediately to the exhaust cycle for the station and then releases AdvSeal (if
selected).

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These inputs are selectable for the two programmable inputs (four programmable inputs for dual test modules). They
apply to the general part test for the station.

Auto Cal - Remotely initiates the Auto Cal routine for the selected station. Also requires the Start input(s) when the
master part is positioned in the fixture and ready for testing.

Part Select (pulses) - Remotely selects new part program for the dedicated station by 100 ms pulses (100 ms on, 100
ms off per part number). For remote selection of a part program by a PLC, the PLC monitors one of many outputs for a
station to determine when the station is not testing a part. While the station is not cycling, the PLC activates the Part
Select Input with 100 ms pulses (100 ms on, 100 ms off). One pulse selects part holder #1, two pulses selects part
holder #2, etc. The part holder remains at the last selected holder until selected again. Part holder selection is only
required when changing part holders. Feedback of part holder selection is achieved with the optional "Part Sel Fdbk"
output. The Part Selection and Part Selection Feedback must occur before the test can start. Part holder selection
always starts with part holder #1. Remote part program selection is also available using the RS232, RS485, IrDA, or
TCP/IP communication. More information about changing part programs via RS232, IrDA, RS485, or TCP/IP is found
in CHAPTER 10, COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE.

Part Present - This input must be high when the start test input is received for the station in order to start a test.

Send RS232 - At the conclusion of a test, an external source sends an input to the Sentinel M24 to request the
transmission of the last test result for the station.

Make to Continue - Digital input that must be received before the end of the fill cycle in order to continue the test
cycle. This could be an external pressure verification signal.

HOLD The test is paused; this is caused by the HOLD input being applied. When the HOLD input is released, the
test resumes.

DIGITAL OUTPUT SETUP


The individual test stations are limited to four programmable outputs (dual test modules have eight programmable
outputs). The terminals for the outputs are displayed on the Setup screen. The numbers 1 through 16 are the output
terminal numbers for the output connectors on the Input/Output Co-processor board. See Output Terminals on page
13-7 for more information.

Digital Outputs

Press the INSTR CONFIG key six times to see the INSTRUMENT SETUP Digital Outputs screen.

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

Figure 51 Digital Output setup screen for Multi-station

The outputs available are listed in Figure 88 Single Pressure Test (version S or H) Output Timing Chart on page
13-4. These outputs are programmed to go on during certain events of a typical test cycle. The two charts show the
outputs for single and dual pressure test configurations. Review the charts and decide which outputs perform the
functions desired for your test. The following outputs are available as selectable outputs for external use. These
mechanical relay outputs are individually fused in groups of four at 2.5 A and can handle either 120 volts AC or 24
volts DC depending on whether the instrument is supplied with the internal power supply as an AC instrument or uses
an external power supply as a DC instrument.

Output Selections
Universal Part Test Outputs
The first group of outputs is dedicated to the whole part test. These outputs are selectable per each station within the
four assigned output terminals. For dual-test stations, these outputs act for the total part test. Dual-test stations have
two groups of four output terminals dedicated to the dual-test station. The first group applies to the part or first test
options. The second group of outputs, which is normally reserved for the next station, applies to the part or the second
test options.

(For dual-test stations, this first group of outputs can be selectable within either the first or the second group of
programmable outputs.)

Part Accept - signals the completion of an accepted part test. The output stays on until the start of next part test. (For
dual-test stations, this indicates that both tests passed)

Part Reject - signals the completion of a rejected part test. The output stays on until the start of next part test. (For
dual-test stations, this indicates that either of the dual tests failed.)

Accept Mark - Output is on after Accept Part tests only while the exhaust timer is active. This signal could be used to
trigger an accept marker. For dual pressure tests this output goes on during the exhaust of the last test if both tests are
accept.

Reject Mark - Output is on after Reject Part tests only while the exhaust timer is active. This signal could be used to
trigger a reject marker. For dual pressure tests, this output goes on during the exhaust of the last test if either test fails.

Adv Seal - Outputs immediately after receiving Start Test input to activate a simple tooling action that does not require
operator safety considerations. There is no feedback or retract signal. The delay timer is set at 0.5 seconds before
advancing to the beginning of the pre-fill cycle.

In Auto Cal cycle - Output activates after START input is received within AUTO Cal routine. The output stays active
until the end of the exhaust cycle of the second test. This output could be used to stop normal machine cycling while
AUTO CAL is being performed.

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CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

Part select feedback - Echoes the "Part Select" pulses, received to select a different part program, back to the PLC to
confirm that the Sentinel M24 received the correct part program change before starting a test.

Continue SW feedback - Sends a confirmation signal that the Sentinel M24 received the Make-to-Continue input
before the end of the fill cycle.

Test Specific Outputs


This next group of outputs is selectable per test. For dual-test stations, these outputs are test specific (first or second
test). Two groups of four output terminals are dedicated to the dual-test station. The normal first group applies to the
part or first test options. The second group of outputs (which are normally reserved for the next station) applies to the
part or the second test options. (For dual-test stations, these outputs are selectable within the first and second
group of programmable outputs).

In Test - indicates the instrument is performing a test cycle or is in the test cycle of the first or second test (for
sequential tests) depending within which output group it is selected. This output is useful for the following:
- signaling an external device that the instrument is testing
- switching external valves to test a different part cavity or part fixture during this selected test of a sequential test.

Test Accept - signals the completion of an accepted test. The output stays on until the start of a new part test. (For
dual-test stations, this output applies to the first and/or second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is
selected).

Test Reject - signals the completion of a rejected test. The output stays on until the start of a new part test. (For a
dual-test station, this output applies to the first and/or second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is
selected).

< Low Limit - signals that the test result was below the LO LIM. (For a dual-test station, this output applies to the
first and/or second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

Between Limits - signals that the test result was between the LO LIM and HI LIM. (For a dual-test station, this output
applies to the first and/or second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

> Hi Limit - signals that the test result was above the HI LIM. (For a dual-test station, this output applies to the first
and/or second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

In Pre-fill timer - Output is on only while the pre-fill timer is active. Output could be used to coordinate or activate
another function like fast-filling the test part via a large external valve during the pre-fill timer cycle. (For a dual-test
station, this output applies to the first and/or second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

In Fill timer - Output is on only while the fill timer is active. Output could be used to coordinate or activate another
function during the fill timer cycle. (For a dual-test station, this output applies to the first and/or second test depending
on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

In Stab timer - Output is on only while the stabilization timer is active. Output could be used to coordinate or activate
another function during the stabilization timer cycle. (For a dual-test station, this output applies to the first and/or
second test depending on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

In Test timer -Output is on only while the test timer is active. Output could be used to coordinate or activate another
function during the test timer cycle. (For a dual-test station, this output applies to the first and/or second test depending
on the test group(s) within which it is selected).

In Exhaust timer - Output is on only while the exhaust timer is active. Output could be used to coordinate or activate
another function like fast-exhausting the test part via a large external valve or bypassing the test pneumatics during the
exhaust timer cycle. (For a dual-test station, this output applies to the first and/or second test depending on the test
group(s) within which it is selected).

SENTINEL M24 5-16


CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

SECURITY CONFIGURATION

Press the INSTR CONFIG key seven times to see the INSTRUMENT SETUP Security screen.

Figure 52 Security setup screen


Record all changes to the original factory settings. It is important to know these values if troubleshooting is
required.

To change any security option, use the Up or Down arrow keys to move the pointer to the desired option for change.

Push EDIT, select Y or N, then push ENTER.

If YES, enter password if requested via alphanumeric keys. This instrument was initially programmed with no
password. If a password is desired, this security configuration is described below.

When the instrument has been given a password to allow editing functions, the instrument remains open for editing for
two minutes after the last key stroke. To turn off the edit mode before the five-minute period, cycle the instrument
power.

Calibration N
Y prevents the operator from performing auto calibration without a password.

N allows operator to perform auto calibration without security protection.

Changing Parts N
Y prevents operator from changing test part parameters by pushing Change Part button without a password.

N allows changing test part parameters by pushing Change Part button without security protection.

Part Config Values N


Y prevents operator from changing test part parameters by pushing Part Config button and Edit without a password.

N allows changing test part parameters by pushing Part


Config button and Edit without security protection.

Instr Config Values N


Y prevents operator from changing instrument and station parameters by pushing Instr Config and Edit buttons
without a password.

SENTINEL M24 5-17


CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

N allows changing instrument and station parameters by pushing Instr Config and Edit buttons without security
protection.

Resetting Counters N
Y prevents resetting counters without a password.

N allows resetting counters without security protection.

Clearing Test Data N


Y prevents clearing test data without a password.

N allows clearing test data without security protection.

Change Password N
Y allows the entry of a new password

To initially enter a password the beginning password of 2424 must be used. After a new password is entered, the
beginning password is deleted. The password can be changed at any point in the future. It requires the password to
change it. Enter the new password value using alphanumeric keys and push the ENTER button.

N does not access the password

BE SURE TO REMEMBER OR NOTE THE NEW PASSWORD.

Backup/Restore Setup None


(Requires the password)

To select one of the following actions, follow the instructions to Scroll Data on page 3-3.

Action Explanation
None No action
Restore from Card Restore all of the setup choices from the Flash Memory Card
Backup to Card Copy all of the setup choices to the Flash Memory Card

BACKUP/RESTORE
The instrument settings should be saved to Flash Memory in case of accidental change or device malfunction. Flash
memory cards needed for backup are Atmel AT45DCB002-ND, 2 MB MMC Data Flash Card. These MMC Data
Flash Cards can be ordered from many sources including www.digikey.com (1-800-DIGI-KEY). To protect the MMC
Data Flash Card, follow the instructions provided with the Data Flash Card.
The MMC Data Flash Card is inserted into the Program Socket, as shown in Uploading Program Software on page
14-1. Do not close the door with a Data Flash Card in the socket, because some configurations of the M24 include a
transducer which could break the Data Flash Card or the circuit board.
Verify that the Boot Flash Write Protect Jumper (JP1) on VFD Co-processor Board is set to WREN (Write
Enable). See Figure 91 VFD Co-processor Board.

Backup to Data Flash Card


To back up the Instrument Settings to the Data Flash Card, follow the procedure described in SECURITY
CONFIGURATION on page 5-17. When the Backup/Restore Setup option Backup to Card is selected, the
following message is displayed on the screen:

SENTINEL M24 5-18


CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

Figure 53 System Backup Screen

Restore from Data Flash Card


To restore the previous Instrument Settings from the Data Flash Card, follow the procedure described in SECURITY
CONFIGURATION on page 5-17. When the Backup/Restore Setup option Restore from Card is selected, the
following message is displayed on the screen:

After the system is either backed up or restored, remove the MMC Flash Data Card and store the Flash Data Card in a
secure location in the container provided.

SENTINEL M24 5-19


CHAPTER 5 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION

SENTINEL M24 5-20


CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

Pressure Decay Method of Measuring Part Leak Rates


The basic principle of operation of a pressure decay leak test instrument is to fill the test part to a specified test pressure
and monitor the pressure loss (after a fixed amount of stabilization time) due to a leak. The leak test instrument
translates the pressure loss value measured over a fixed test time to a leak or flow rate using the following formula.

Test Volume Pressure Loss


Leak Rate = 60
Test time 14.7 psi
Leak Rate = Calculated Leak Rate (sccm)
Test Volume = Test System Volume + Part Volume
(Cubic centimeters)
Pressure Loss = Measured pressure loss - No-Leak Loss (psi)
Test time = Test time (seconds)

The settings for the Pre-fill, Fill, Stab, and Test timers influence the resolution and repeatability of the
instrument under test conditions. Calibrating the instrument to each part using the timer settings establishes the
calibration parameters of No-Leak Loss, Low Limit Loss and High Limit Loss. These parameters translate
pressure loss to leak rate for that particular part volume. The No-Leak Loss value is the pressure drop associated with
a leak free part (almost all leak free parts have a non-zero pressure drop). The Low Limit Loss and High Limit
Loss values are pressure drops associated with a part that leaks at exactly the Low Limit and High Limit values.
The High Limit Loss value is always greater than the No-Leak Loss value.

ESTABLISHING TEST PARAMETERS


Leak Values Within LEAK routine
Low Limit High Limit
The Sentinel M24 instruments have two set points, low and high limits, with which to compare test results. These limit
values define three regions (above high limit, between limits, and below low limit) in which to qualify the results of
each test. There are three optional outputs, which are activated during the exhaust cycle to indicate in which area
(above high limit, between limits, and below low limit) the test results fell.
The test evaluation setup is found in the Part Configuration, Leak Screen. The instrument evaluation criteria are
defined by a three-letter code (AAR, ARA, ARR, RAA, RAR, and RRA). The configuration of the criteria matches
the appearance of the bar graph on the display. When the part is pressurized, the bar graph goes up or to the right
on the display and as pressure is lost the bar graph falls or moves to the left on the display. Small leaks cause a small
loss. High Leakers have a large drop in pressure. Therefore, the bar graph moves to the right as the part is charged
with pressure or evacuated for a vacuum test. If the part has a small or no leak, the bar graph will move very slowly
back to the left. If the part has a large leak, it will move quickly to the left. Therefore, the Lo Lim threshold is on the
right side of the graph and the Hi Lim threshold is on the left side of the graph for both pressure decay and vacuum
decay testing.

Hi Lo
Lim Lim
a/r a/r a/r

Accept/ Reject>Hi Lim> Accept/Reject>Lo Lim>Accept/Reject


Above Hi Lim Between Limits Below Lo Lim

Figure 54 Bar Graph illustration

SENTINEL M24 6-1


CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

For pressure decay leak test applications, the limits define the tolerance of air leakage allowed by the part during test.
The typical configuration would have the high limit equal to the reject rate or specified tolerance of leakage for the
part. The low limit would be set at zero or a negative value (20 to 30% of reject rate or high limit value). Within Part
Configuration (CHAPTER 7, Leak Info Screen beginning on 7-4), the test evaluation criteria should be set to reject
test results greater than the high limit value and accept parts between the limits. The area below the low limit should be
set to accept. If it is desirable to alert the process when parts test significantly better than when initially calibrated, set
the instrument to reject any value that is below the low limit.

For blockage applications, it would be desirable to check that the measured flow is greater than a value. In this
application, all measured flows greater than the high limit should be set to accept and all values between the limits and
values below the low limit should reject.

For flow applications, it is usual to accept values that are between a low and high limit. All values greater than the
high limit and less than the low limit should be set to reject.

Leak Standard (orifice)


This is the value of the orifice located on the internal pneumatic manifold or of the calibration device located externally
in the test station pneumatics or in the part. This value is used when calibrating the instrument. It must be entered
before starting the Auto Cal process. The internal orifice has a calibrated leak value printed on the stainless steel
housing. There is also a printed calibration report for the orifice included with the instrument or located in the
component documentation binder if an entire machine is supplied by CTS. The flow value of the orifice was
determined at a specified pressure, which should be the test pressure for the application. If the test pressure is different,
the flow value for the orifice will be different. The orifice calibration date is also provided on the flow standard and
certificate. Enter this date for future reference on recertification.

Process Drift Correction (Zero shift)


The process drift correction routine helps to maintain the calibration of the system by periodically adjusting the
calibration values to match the changes in the test conditions. This routine dynamically compensates for slow changes
in the test environment like room temperature changes, part temperature changes, test air temperature changes, part
elasticity changes, etc. These factors influence the overall relationship of pressure loss to leak rate. "Process Drift
Correction defines how wide of a band around the No-Leak Loss value will be considered as normal variations in
pressure loss for a non-leaking part. The "process drift correction (+PDC %) is based on the difference between the
No-Leak Loss value and the High Lim Loss value. The instrument calculates the average of ten test results that
fall within the band (+PDC %) about the No-Leak Loss value. It corrects future results by the amount of drift
calculated until ten more results fall within the band. The process drift (or zero shift) value is calculated as shown.

Process drift =
10
PL
No Leak Loss
10
Typical settings for Process Drift Correction are 10, 25, 50, and 90%. The sample size is set at 10. Flexible parts
require a greater Process drift correction than rigid parts.

The Process Drift Correction effectively defines how much shift can occur. This limits the routine from continuing
to compensate for possible growing leaks in the seal or test pneumatics.

Pressure Values Within PRESS routine


Min Press and Max Press (Test Pressure Limits)
Determine the minimum and maximum test pressure limits by calculating a +5 or 10% band about the specified test
pressure. Set the regulator to match the specified test pressure by using the "Set regulator" routine within the SELF
TEST display function. Adjust the station's regulator to display the desired test pressure next to "M24 pressure".

No-Leak Loss, Orifice Loss, Low Limit Loss, and High Limit Loss
The No-Leak Loss value is measured during the first test of the two-test calibration routine. It represents the pressure
loss associated with testing a Master (leak free) part. The Low Limit Loss and High Limit Loss values are
calculated by the instrument using the Orifice Loss value. The Orifice Loss value is the measured pressure loss
from the second test of the calibration routine minus the No-Leak Loss value or the loss associated with just the
orifice when it is added to the Master part. High Limit Loss represents the pressure drop associated with a part that

SENTINEL M24 6-2


CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

leaks at exactly the High Limit value (reject rate). The No Leak Loss and Hi Lim Loss values can be modified
after calibration if needed.

High Limit Loss - No-Leak Loss High Limit


-------------------------------------------------- = ------------------------
Orifice Loss Orifice value

Max Cal Loss


This parameter is a safety check value used during the calibration process to make sure that the system is not calibrated
with a leaking master part or fixture. Its final value should be set 15% higher than either the orifice loss plus No
Leak Loss or high limit loss values. After optimizing the timers, observe orifice loss and high limit loss under
Part Configuration, Pressure values and set the Max Cal Loss. Initially this value must be set high like 0.4 psi in order
to allow error-free testing while adjusting the timers.

Process Drift
This value, which is calculated by the instrument, represents the average change or shift in the normal measured
pressure loss for non-leaking parts during test. This value will only appear in the test data records. A description of the
routine can be found under Process Drift Correction above.

Timer Values within Part Configuration function - Timers


The purposes of fill and stabilization cycles are to increase the internal air pressure from atmospheric to test pressure
and allow adequate time for the pressure inside the part and test pneumatics to stabilize. The effect of the fill time upon
the stabilization time is discussed below.

When filling the part, the incoming air compresses the atmospheric air inside the part. This causes heat generation due
to the initial air in the part being compressed suddenly (adiabatic compression). The pressure in the part will exceed its
equilibrium value due to adiabatic heat. The pressure in the part will match the regulator pressure during the fill cycle
due to the relieving characteristics of the regulator. When the stabilization cycle begins, the pressure immediately
seeks equilibrium in an exponential fashion. It will quickly decrease at first, and then slowly decay during the
stabilization and test cycles. The amount of decay in the stabilization cycle is moderated by the amount of time spent
in the fill cycle.

The pressure loss due to heat dissipation is governed by the following:


- The air volume inside the part
- The test pressure
- The thermal conductivity of the part
- The temperature of the part
- The ambient temperature conditions

The following factors will require a longer stabilization time:

- Larger part air volumes


- Higher test pressures
- Lower thermal conductivity parts
- Greater differences in temperature between the part and ambient air
- Flexible part walls
- Low leak rate requirements

Room temperature variation can affect the accuracy of the system but are usually minimal. This variable can be
corrected by more frequent calibration or use of the dynamic compensation (Process Drift Correction) feature in the
Sentinel M24 instruments.

SENTINEL M24 6-3


CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

The fill cycle helps to stabilize the initial rise and fall of pressure in the part by leaving the regulator connected to the
part until the end of the fill timer. Adequate time should be put on the fill timer so that the pressure does not change
more than 1% of test pressure during stabilization or drop below the minimum test pressure parameter.

The stabilization timer is the time allowed for the temperature and volume of the part to stabilize before the test starts.
Enough stabilization time is required by the system so that when calibrating a good part there is not more than 0.1%
loss of test pressure during the test timer cycle. Minimizing the pressure loss for a good part during calibration will
improve the test repeatability.

The Sentinel M24 instrument has a pressure-streaming feature via the RS232 and IrDA ports. This feature outputs the
station test pressure every 0.1 seconds from the start signal through the exhaust cycle. These pressure values can be
recorded and plotted via HyperTerminal on most computers and a data program like MS Excel. The plotted curve may
assist in setting the timers. The graphic display of the Sentinel M24 can also show a general view of these curves.

Pre-fill Timer
The pre-fill timer serves as an initial severe or gross leak check. It establishes the maximum time allowed for the
measured pressure in the part to reach the Min Press value. Once the pressure reaches the Min Press, the
instrument automatically moves onto the Fill timer. This timer is usually set at twice the normal time it takes to
reach Min Press. A severe leak error message will occur if the pressure does not reach Min Press within the
Pre-fill time.
There is a selectable digital output that goes high during this timer.

Fill Timer
To begin establishing the amount of time required for fill, set the fill timer initially at 2 seconds for small parts (less
than 15 cu. in. or 250 cc. internal volume), or 5 seconds for larger parts. Set the stabilization and test timers initially to
10 seconds each.

When any change is made to the Fill, Stab, or Test timers, the instrument display will indicate Calib must - para
changed after pushing the START STATION key. An Auto Cal routine must be successfully performed before
another test can be run.

Enter all the test parameters and push MONITOR. Push START STATION to initiate a test on the master part.
Observe the pressure during the fill cycle. If the fill pressure remains above the minimum test pressure for the duration
of the test, reduce the fill timer by 10 to 25%. If the fill pressure dropped below the minimum test pressure, increase
the fill timer. Repeat the test on the master part and observe the fill pressure to be sure it remains above the minimum
test pressure. Repeat the above to determine an optimal fill time. Once the optimal fill time is set, increase the
pressure regulator setting by 1/2%.
There is a selectable digital output that goes high during this timer.

Stab Timer
Before setting the stabilization timer, the fill timer should be set. The optimal settings will minimize the pressure drop
for a good part during test. For small parts, initially set the stabilization timer to 5 seconds and the test timer to 3
seconds. For larger parts, set the stabilization and test timers to 10 seconds. Start the test cycle on the master part and
watch the pressure during stabilization and pressure loss during test. If the pressure during stabilization drops below
the minimum test pressure, increase the fill timer. If the pressure loss during the test cycle is excessive (greater than
0.1% of test pressure), increase the stabilization timer. If the losses during stabilization and test are within acceptable
limits, go to the next section, Test Timer
There is a selectable digital output that goes high during this timer.

Test Timer
With the orifice value set in the LEAK routine and all parameters set for a test, activate the Auto Cal routine using the
AUTO CAL button. At the completion of the auto cal test routine, review the No-Leak Loss, High Limit Loss,
and "Orifice Loss" values stored in the PART CONFIG, Pressures routine. The objective for setting the stabilization
and test timers is to achieve a minimum difference between the No-Leak Loss and the High Limit Loss values of
0.050 psi for small parts (<250 cc), 0.020 psi for medium parts, and 0.005 psi for large parts (>15,000 cc) and having
the High Limit Loss value be at least twice the No-Leak Loss value. The fill and stabilization timers affect the
No-Leak Loss value. The test timer affects the difference between the No-Leak Loss and High Limit Loss
values. Adjust the timers to provide the optimal overall time cycle.
There is a selectable digital output that goes high during this timer.

SENTINEL M24 6-4


CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

Exhaust timer
The purpose of the exhaust timer is to allow air to vent the part before retracting tooling. The time required depends on
the test pressure and part volume. The part starts exhausting immediately after the test timer expires. Typical times
are 1 to 3 seconds. The Exhaust output, which is activated during the exhaust timer, only can be used to open an extra
exhaust valve to speed up the exhaust process or divert possible dirty part air to an external valve. There are Accept
Mark and Reject Mark outputs available to stamp a part at the end of test. Depending on the output(s) selected, these
outputs will be activated after each test, for accept parts only, or reject parts only. In addition, one of four test result
outputs (severe leak, below low limit, between limits, and above high limits) will be activated during the exhaust timer
to indicate the test results.

Relax timer
The relax timer is primarily used as a delay time between the first and second test within the automatic calibration
routine. Sufficient delay is required so that the part can return to a quiescent state before the second test. It does not
affect the normal testing cycle time. It needs to be long enough to assure repeatable calibrations. Typical times range
from 15 seconds to 8 minutes depending the test pressure and size/material of the part. This timer is also used as the
delay time between tests when operating the instrument using Auto Run (see page 9-1).

Quik Test
A No Leak Loss calculation is performed during calibration. This value is the amount of leakage from the test fixture,
which will occur when the part being tested does not leak at all. The leak losses from fittings and related components
can be subtracted from the total leakage to establish the leakage of the part under test. This No Leak Loss value can
vary over time. The change in No Leak Loss can be predicted, as the ambient temperature and equipment heat up and
tubing and components expand. The Sentinel M24 system can be set up to allow for predictable change in No Leak
Loss over time. A parameter can be set to allow a range of variation over time. The chart below illustrates the effect of
these predicted variation ranges. If a 75% band around the No Leak Loss is allowed, fewer parts will be rejected as a
result of the drift over time.

The top part of each of the graphs shows the range of results that can be screened by a Quik Test. Parts can be
accepted or rejected without the full test if the leakage results are obvious after a Quik Test. The bottom portion of
both graphs shows the band of parts that can be rejected by the Quick Test. The white gap in the middle of each of
the charts is the range of part leakage values, which will require the full test to determine acceptance.

Figure 55 Graphical illustration of Quik Test

Quik Test
An initial analysis of Quik Test can be performed before actually implementing this feature by establishing the Quik
Test Time to some value greater than 20% of the test time and setting Quik Test to OFF. An Auto Cal must be
performed after setting "Quik Test time" to activate this feature. Test production parts over a reasonable time up to
1000 parts for the Sentinel M24 instrument. The instrument calculates the leak rate for the complete test cycle and the

SENTINEL M24 6-5


CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

projected leak rate for the Quik Test cycle. By comparing the two leak rate results, a percent of error for the Quik Test
feature can be calculated.

If the results are satisfactory, the Quik Test feature can be implemented by setting Quik Testing to 25%, 50%, or 75%
depending on the repeatability of the process. This feature will save the time difference between a full test time and the
Quik Test Time for almost all of the accepted parts and most of the rejected parts. If the results are not consistent to
each other, test further by increasing the Quik Test Time, ReCal and comparing the results again.

Master calibration part


To establish times, perform calibration, or optimization test procedures you must find a master (leak free) part. If
possible, this part should be marked and used as a reference whenever calibration is required.

Verify integrity of test circuit and master part


Check that the test circuit and master part are leak free. To do this, place the master part in the tooling fixture and run a
test. As soon as the instrument enters the Test portion of the leak cycle, push the HOLD button (the display will
indicate that the station is in HOLD.) Now watch the displayed pressure loss value. If the part and tooling are indeed
leak free, the reading will eventually stabilize around a fixed value. If this does not happen, use a water and soap
solution to find the leak. As an interesting experiment, grasp the brass test port with your hand. As the heat of your
hand warms the metal, the pressure in the test circuit increases (the pressure loss on the display decreases).

SENTINEL M24 6-6


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION


REVIEW OR CHANGE PART TEST PARAMETERS

The part configuration function has the setup and test parameters that are part program specific. These parameters
include the timers, pressure values, leak parameters, test optimization settings, and test evaluation criteria. There are
sixteen part programs per station available. Each part program is independent of each other. There is a standard copy
routine to copy part program parameters from one program to another and to other station part programs. These
parameters are accessible via four sequentially addressed screens. A summary of the variables on each screen is
outlined below. A complete description of each parameter and how to optimize the test is found in CHAPTER 6.

To review or change test parameters for any part program on any station, push the PART CONFIG key. To change the
part program and/or stations, use the CHANGE PART and /or CHANGE STATION keys to recall the desired part
program within the desired station. Alternately, you can select the station and part program by using CHANGE PART
and CHANGE STATION before pushing the PART CONFIG key. Either approach is applicable.

To review each screen, merely push the PART CONFIG button or NEXT PAGE to sequence through the screens. If a
change is required to any variable, move the pointer using the Up or Down arrow keys until it points to the line where
new information is needed. Push the EDIT key. A lighted bar will appear under the first character of this line's data.
Use the alphanumeric keys to enter new values or use the Up and Down arrow keys to view option selections. After the
correct information appears, push the EDIT key to save the variables and sequence through the other variables on the
screen to make additional changes. Press ENTER to store the last line and escape the edit mode. Pushing the EXIT
key leaves the edit mode without storing the changed data on the highlighted line. For a detailed explanation
about changing parameters, see CHAPTER 3, ENTERING AND CHANGING DATA.

After all changes on a page are complete and ENTER or EXIT is pushed, use PART CONFIG or NEXT PAGE to
index to the next page.

After reviewing the test parameters for part programs within any station, escape the PART CONFIG routine by pushing
the MONITOR key or enter into one of the other instrument functions.

The stored part parameters can be programmed remotely via RS232, IrDA, RS485, or TCP/IP by entering software
access code commands or new CTS interface software. There is memory for up to 64 programs but limited to 16 part
programs per station.

Selecting programmed part parameters can be accomplished through the operator keypad or by a pulsed signal to one of
the stations digital inputs programmed for "part select". Pulse durations are 100 milli-seconds on and 100 milli-
seconds off. Part selection always starts at part program one. Part programs can also be selected via TCP/IP, RS232,
IrDA or RS485.

The HELP button on the Display panel provides a brief description of each parameter displayed. If in the Edit mode,
escape by pushing EXIT or ENTER to use the HELP function.

All the test parameters are accessed for review or change by pushing the PART CONFIG button. Use the CHANGE
PART and CHANGE STATION keys to display the part parameters. A password may be required to change values.
(See SECURITY CONFIGURATION on page 5-17, for instructions on how to select or change security options.) All
of the unique part program parameters for each part program within each station are displayed via four screens. The
table below summarizes the location of the parameters, which are organized by test timers, test pressure values, leak
rate values, and test configuration settings.

SENTINEL M24 7-1


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

1st screen 2nd screen 3rd screen 4th screen


Timers Pressures Leak rate Features
Part Name MinTest Pressure Result Evaluation Quik Test Enable
(Min TestPress2) (Result Evaluation 2) (Quik Test Enable 2)
Prefill MaxTest Pressure High Limit Leak Quik Test Timer
(Prefill 2) (MaxTestPress2) (High Limit Leak 2) (Quik Test Timer 2)
Fill No Leak Loss Low Limit Leak Proc Drift Correction
(Fill 2) (No Leak Loss 2) (Low Limit Leak 2) (Proc Drift Correction 2)
Stabilize Low Limit Loss Min Cal Ratio Skip Test 1
(Stabilize 2) (Low Limit Loss 2) (Min Cal Ratio 2) (Skip Test 2)
Test Hi Limit Loss Cal Ratio Run 2nd test if 1st test was rejected
(Test 2) (Hi Limit Loss 2) (Cal Ratio 2)
Exhaust Orifice Loss ORIFICE value Compare/Copy Part Info
(Exhaust 2) (Orifice Loss2) (ORIFICE value 2)
Relax Max Cal Loss Cal Date
(Max Cal Loss 2) (Cal Date 2)
ReCert Due
(ReCert Due 2)

For stations with version D or T manifolds there will be two columns titled Test 1 and Test 2 for the independent
timers, pressures, leak rates, and features of the part program.

No Leak Loss and High Limit Loss values, measured values that are editable by user when appropriate. Low Limit
Loss and Orifice Loss are not editable.

Test Timers and Part Name Screen


Push the PART CONFIG button in the Display section of the keypad. The following parameters are displayed for
review or edit. If the station is configured as a dual test station (pneumatic version D or T), there will be values listed
under "Test 2". Otherwise, Test 2 values will be blank. They have the same function for the second test as the first test
timers. To edit Test 2 variables, push the EDIT key twice or once more after changing data for Test 1.

Press the PART CONFIG key once to see the Part Setup Test Timers screen.

Figure 56 Timer screen for Dual Pressure Tests

Be sure that the desired station is highlighted in the lower right corner and desired part program in upper left
corner is indicated.

SENTINEL M24 7-2


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

Edit Part Name: User desired 12-digit alphanumeric name of part.

Pre-fill Maximum allowable time for measured test pressure to reach Min Test Pres setting. This is a not-to-exceed
timer and only the actual time needed is used. Selectable output "Pre-fill timer" goes high during this timer.

Fill Controlled time for regulated air to charge the test part after reaching "Min Test Pres" and before isolating the test
part from the source air. Selectable output "Fill timer" goes high during this timer.

Stabilize Controlled time for pressure to stabilize in system after part is isolated from regulated air source and before
the pressure loss is measured. Selectable output "Stabilize timer" goes high during this timer.

Test Precise amount of time when pressure loss is measured to calculate leak rate value. Selectable output "Test
timer" goes high during this timer.

Exhaust Time delay after end of test for the part pressure to vent before tooling motions are released or before the
second test starts. Selectable outputs "Exhaust timer, Accept Mark, and Reject Mark go high during this timer.

Relax Time required between tests only in automatic calibration sequence or during AUTO RUN cycle. This timer
should be at least 20 seconds. Different parts require different relax times ranging from 20 seconds to several minutes.
Enough time should be used to allow repeatable results. Usually short relax times result in decreasing pressure losses
on successive tests.

Test Pressures Screen


After escaping the Edit mode by pushing ENTER or EXIT, push PART CONFIG or NEXT PAGE while on the Timers
Screen to advance to the Pressures screen. The following parameters are displayed for review or edit. If the station is
configured as a dual test station (pneumatic version D or T), there will be values listed under "Test 2". Otherwise, Test
2 values will be blank. They have the same function as the first test pressures. To edit Test 2 variables, push the EDIT
key twice.

Press the PART CONFIG key twice to see the Part Setup Test Pressures screen.

Figure 57 Pressure screen for Dual Pressure Tests


Be sure that the desired station is highlighted in the lower right corner and part program in upper left corner is
indicated.

Min Test Pressure Minimum test pressure that must be reached before pre-fill timer elapses and must be
maintained through fill and stabilization. Vacuum test pressures are entered as negative pressures measured from
atmosphere. (i.e. a 5 psiv value is entered as -5 psi. This pressure is equivalent to 9.7 psia).

SENTINEL M24 7-3


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

Max Test Pressure Maximum test pressure allowed during fill or stabilization cycles. Vacuum test pressures are
entered as negative pressures measured from atmosphere. (i.e. a 6 psiv value is entered as - 6 psi. This pressure is
equivalent to 8.7 psia).

No Leak Loss Pressure loss value measured from the master no-leak part and stored after calibration cycle.
(This value can be changed after calibration.)

Low Limit Loss* Pressure loss value calculated for the low reject limit value, based on the relationship of no leak
loss, hi lim loss and Hi Lim. It is stored after the calibration cycle. (This value cannot be edited.)

High Limit Loss Pressure loss value calculated for the high reject limit value and stored after the calibration cycle.
(This value can be changed after calibration.)

Orifice Loss* Pressure loss due to the orifice leak rate. (Orifice Loss = the amount of pressure loss measured in the
second test of Auto Cal minus the No-Leak Loss measured in the first test of Auto Cal.) This value is used to calculate
the relationship of pressure loss to leak rate.

Max Cal Loss Maximum pressure loss allowed during the first or second test within the Auto Cal routine when
testing the master No-Leak part. This is a calibration error check to prevent calibrating to a bad master part or
leaking test fixture. This value should be set slightly higher than values observed during a controlled calibration
procedure for Hi Limit Loss and Orifice Loss.

Leak Info Screen


After escaping the Edit mode by pushing ENTER or EXIT, push PART CONFIG or NEXT PAGE while on the Test
Pressures Screen to advance to the Leak Info screen. The following parameters are displayed for review or edit. If the
station is configured as a dual test station (pneumatic version D or T), there will be values listed under "Test 2".
Otherwise, Test 2 values will be blank. They have the same function as the first test leak values. To edit Test 2
variables, push the EDIT key twice.

Press the PART CONFIG key three times to see the Part Setup Leak Information screen.

Figure 58 Part Configuration screen of Dual Test Leak Rates


Test Evaluation Test results are compared to two set points for accept and reject status. There are three areas for
evaluation of results: above high limit, between limits, and below low limit. Selections available are:

SENTINEL M24 7-4


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

Test Evaluation Code Description


AAR Accept if above low limit
ARR Accept if above high limit
RAR Accept if between high and low limits
RAA Accept if below high limit
RRA Accept if below low limit
ARA Accept if above the high limit or below the low limit

Table 7 Test Evaluation options

r a r
High limit reflects
a big loss or fall
back in pressure or
>Hi Lim Between Lim <Lo Lim vacuum

Figure 59 Test Evaluation options graphic


For typical leak test applications, the high limit value is the reject leak rate. Therefore, the area above the high
limit should be designated as REJ. The low limit value is typically set at zero or at a negative value, that is 10 to
30% of the high limit value (or reject rate) below zero. (i.e. If the high limit or reject rate is 10 sccm, then the low
limit value would be set at -1 to -3 sccm.) The area between the limits should be designated as ACC. The low limit
value can alarm the operator by rejecting parts if the measured pressure loss readings are significantly less than the
master calibration part or average production part. This condition may occur due to temperature changes in the part,
process, or fill air or if the part volume changes significantly due to tubing or part blockage. Designate the area
below the low limit as REJ if you want to reject parts with significantly low or negative leak rate values. If the area
is of no concern, designate the area as ACC. Typical set up would be either REJ>high>ACC>low>REJ (Accept if
between high and low limits) or REJ>high>ACC>low>ACC (Accept if below high limit).

For typical occlusion (blockage) or some flow applications, the high limit value is the minimum flow rate
expected through the part. The low limit has no real value; therefore, it is set to zero. The typical set up would be
ACC>high>REJ>low>REJ.

For typical flow applications, the test verifies that acceptable flow occurs between a low and high flow limit. The
typical set up would be REJ>high>ACC>low>REJ.

High Limit Leak* Specified high limit value used to reject parts. (Setting must be nonzero.)

Low Limit Leak Specified low limit value used to reject parts.

Min Cal Ratio Value set to prevent improper calibrations from being accepted. Usually caused by reduced test
times, short relax timer, or blocked orifice.

Cal Ratio* Ratio calculated after calibration comparing (Hi Limit Loss-No Leak Loss) / Hi Limit Loss. (This
value cannot be edited.)

Orifice Leak rate value on orifice integral to pneumatic package or value of orifice mounted externally or in the
master test part that is used to calibrate system.

Cal Date Enter the calibration date from the orifice certificate or label.

ReCert due Select from six months, one year, or two years as the due date for re-certifying the internal orifice.
This date is used to send an email reminder if designated in the TCP/IP communication setup. See CHAPTER 1 for
more details.

SENTINEL M24 7-5


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

Part Program Features Screen


After escaping the Edit mode by pushing ENTER or EXIT, push PART CONFIG or NEXT PAGE while on the
Leak Info screen to advance to the Features screen. The following parameters are displayed for review or edit. If
the station is configured as a dual test station (pneumatic version D or T), there will be values listed under "Test 2".
Otherwise, Test 2 values will be blank. To edit Test 2 variables, push the EDIT key twice.

Press the PART CONFIG key four times to see the Part Setup Part Program Features screen.

Figure 60 Test Features screen for Dual Pressure Tests


Quik Test Enable Plus and minus band area (OFF, 25%, 50%, 75%) around the No Leak Loss curve where the
test is stopped short. The band calculation is a percent of the difference between no leak loss and hi lim loss
Also sets a high limit band curve at an equal distance above the high limit loss curve where obvious hi limit tests are
stopped short.

Quik test timer Time into test cycle when the initial pressure loss reading is compared to the Quik Test bands to
determine whether to stop the test short. Minimum setting is 20% of test time. The instrument will always calculate
a Quik Test Leak Rate at this point even if Quik Test is set to OFF. This enables the user to compare abbreviated
test results to the full cycle test results.

Process Drift Correction Calibration adjustment or offset allowed around the No leak loss curve due to
fluctuations in process temperature or test volume. (Percentage calculated on difference between "No Leak Loss"
and "Hi Limit Loss"). The function calculates the process drift on a set of ten pressure loss measurements that are
within the percent band around the "No leak loss" pressure. Correction percentage values can be set at: Off, 10%,
25%, 50%, 90%.

Skip Test For dual pressure pneumatics (Version D or T), the part program can be set to run or skip each test. This
allows the dual pressure pneumatics to be used as a single test pneumatics with the selection of which test to run.
Select Yes or No for each test. At least one or both tests must be selected as No.

Run 2nd test if 1st test was rejected N For dual pressure pneumatics (Version D and T), chose whether to continue
with the second test if the first Test fails.

Y means that the second test will be conducted even if first test fails.

N means that the instrument will stop testing and reset if the first test rejects.

Compare/Copy Part Info Answering "Yes" will activate a screen, which makes it easy to compare or copy part
program parameters from one part program to other part programs in any of the available stations.

SENTINEL M24 7-6


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

Figure 61 Screen for Copying Part Configuration parameters


Choose the "From" and "To" part parameters by pushing EDIT and using the arrow keys to select the station and part
numbers. When the desired station and part program combinations are displayed, push ENTER.

To compare the other test parameters within a part configuration, push the NEXT PAGE key repeatedly to page
through the variables. To copy the parameters, push the number 5 key. Variables measured or calculated as a result of
the Auto Cal process are not copied. This includes no leak loss, low lim loss, orifice loss, and cal ratio.

Confirm your desire to overwrite the "To" part parameters with the "From" part parameters by pushing ENTER or
cancel the copy function by pushing the EXIT key.

Figure 62 Confirmation to copy screen


The HELP button on the Display Panel provides a brief description of each parameter displayed. If in the Edit
mode, escape by pushing EXIT to use the Edit function.

SENTINEL M24 7-7


CHAPTER 7 PART CONFIGURATION

SUMMARY EXPLANATION OF PART TEST PARAMETERS

Parameter Description Value


Part Name Name assigned to the type of unit to be tested
TIMER VALUES
Pre-fill time Maximum allowable time to reach minimum test pressure before starting fill timer
Fill time Additional time to fill part with regulated air and allow excess pressure to bleed
through regulator
Stabilization time Time to allow adiabatic temperature effect and part fluctuations to stabilize
Test time Period when pressure loss is precisely measured
Exhaust time Time after opening isolation valve to allow pressure to escape from part before
releasing tooling
Relax time Time between tests during automatic calibration sequence and auto run routine
PRESSURE VALUES
Minimum test Pressure at which pre-fill timer is stopped and fill timer begins. Minimum
pressure pressure that must be maintained in the part through fill and stabilization
cycle.
Maximum test Part pressure that cannot be exceeded at the fill and stabilization cycle.
pressure
No leak Loss* Pressure loss measured when testing a master good part during calibration
cycle. (* set to zero when copied)
Hi Limit Loss* Pressure loss value calculated for the high reject limit value (* set to zero when
copied)
Low Limit Loss* Pressure loss value calculated for the low reject limit value (* set to zero when
copied)
Orifice Loss* Pressure loss due directly to the orifice Pressure loss in second test of Auto Cal
minus No-Leak Loss (* set to zero when copied, using the part copy feature)
LEAK VALUES
Result Evaluation Specify A(accept) or R(reject) for each region around two set points (>HiLim,
betweenlimits, <LoLim)-defined as AAR, ARR, ARA, RAA, RRA, RAR
High Limit Leak Specified high leak value to reject parts (setting must be non-zero)
Low Limit Leak Specified low leak value to reject parts
Min Cal Ratio Minimum value for an acceptable calibration
Cal Ratio* Calculated relationship of HiLimPL to No LeakLoss (* set to zero when
copied)
Orifice Fixed leak rate value for orifice built in instrument pneumatics
Date Certificate date on orifices
Recert due Time period for orifice recertification (6 mo, 1 yr, 2 yr)
FEATURE VALUES
Quik Test Percent band about zero leak test curve that defines limits for stopping test
early (Off, 25%, 50% or 75%)
Quik Test Timer Time into test timer when pressure loss is compared to Quik Test band for
stopping test early (limited from 20% to 100% of test timer)
Process Drift The percent variation around a no-leak loss used for calculating process
Correction fluctuations. Percentage calculated on process fluctuations. Percentage
calculated on difference between zero loss and hi limit loss (10, 25, 50 or
90%)
Skip Test For dual pressure instruments (version D and T) Selection of running 1st,
2nd or both tests N N
Run 2nd test if 1st Select the option of aborting the second test for Version D and T pneumatics if
test was rejected? the 1st test rejects N
Compare/Copy Part Answering Yes will activate a screen, which makes it easy to compare or copy
Info all the program parameters for one part program to other part programs in any of
the available stations. N

SENTINEL M24 7-8


CHAPTER 8 AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION

CHAPTER 8 AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION


AUTO CAL
The Sentinel M24 instrument has a unique calibration procedure, which simplifies calibration and assures greater
accuracy. This procedure can be set up to operate in one of three different ways. The setup for calibration is completed
in INSTR CONFIG described in Method of Calibration, page 5-11.

AUTO ORIFICE IN PANEL - Calibration to one master part, testing it twice, using the internal calibrated leak
standard. The Sentinel M24 automatically tests one master part twice with a delay time (Relax timer) between the
tests. During the second test, an internal calibrated leak standard (value established within Part Config function) is
automatically valved into the test pneumatics to duplicate a known leak in the part. This is the most commonly used
method. It requires that the part respond with equal results when repeatedly tested with minimal time between tests.
These parts are usually constructed with rigid metal or plastic.

MANUAL ORIFICE IN PANEL - Calibration to two master parts using the internal calibrated leak standard. (For
flexible parts with long recovery times or an automated system using remote calibration). After the test of the initial
master part, the tooling will release to allow unloading the part. After loading a second master part, start the second half
of the calibration process. The system will reclamp, seal, and test the second master part with the internal calibrated
leak standard valved into the test pneumatics to duplicate a known leak. This method allows two parts to be tested
within the calibration procedure when one part cannot be tested twice with equivalent results. Soft or flexible parts
typically exhibit this characteristic. In addition, rigid parts that take a set after testing should be calibrated this way.

MANUAL ORIFICE IN PART -For applications where the calibration device or leak standard is mounted outside
the Sentinel enclosure or in the second test part. After the initial test of the master part, the tooling will release to allow
unloading the part. After loading the master part with an integral calibrated leak standard or adding an external leak to
the test system, push the remote start test button and the system will re-clamp, seal, and run the second half of the
calibration process. This method accommodates test parts specially modified to contain a traceable leak standard. It
allows calibrating several instruments to the same leak standard in order to obtain better correlation of leak rate results
between several instruments or stations within an instrument.

(Refer to the Instrument Configuration routine, Auto Calibration configuration to change the method for automatic
calibration.)

Calibration routine for a part


Push CHANGE PART and/or CHANGE STATION keys on the Functions panel to select the desired part parameters
for calibration.

Push the AUTO CAL button on the Functions panel or provide remote contact to selectable digital input (AUTO CAL)
to begin the calibration procedure, which prompts the operator.

SENTINEL M24 8-1


CHAPTER 8 AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION

Figure 63 Initial AUTOCAL screen

After loading the master no-leak part into the fixture, push the START STATION button to initiate the test procedure.

The system will make an initial test of the master no-leak part to measure the No Leak Loss.

Depending on the setup, the system will either, wait and then automatically retest the part adding the calibrated leak
standard integrally mounted on the pneumatic block, or instruct the operator to load a new master part and retest after
receiving a start test input. Depending on the setup, the new part should either be leak free or have a built-in calibrated
leak standard.

When the part is leak free for the second test, the system activates the internal orifice isolation valve to include the
calibrated leak standard in the test. The system uses the stored orifice value to calculate the Hi Lim Loss value for
the part. (The value for the orifice must be entered as the orifice value within the PART CONFIGURATION
function before performing AUTO CAL). Upon the successful completion of the Auto Calib routine, the display will
show the calculated Cal Ratio for the calibration.

If the loss during either the first or second test exceeds the max cal loss (found under PART CONFIGURATION),
the system will give an error message, No Leak Los > Max Cal Los, Orif Loss> Max Cal Los, or Hi Lim Loss >
Max Cal Los. The system calculates the Cal Ratio of the test, which indicates the relationship of the pressure loss due
to the leak verses the high leak loss. If the calculated ratio falls below the min cal ratio (set within PART
CONFIGURATION), the system generates an error message, Min Cal Ratio Error. After 5 seconds, the display
returns to the test ready condition for the selected part.

Print or write down the calibration parameters within PART CONFIGURATION for later reference.

Calibration of the blockage (occlusion) test


The blockage test checks for minimum flow through a part. The method of testing (pressure decay) is the same as for
leak testing. Therefore, the calibration routine for the blockage test involves testing a non-leaking or non-flowing part
twice. The second test adds the calibrated leak (master flow orifice) to the non-leaking (non-flowing) part. If the part is
normally open to flow in the test fixture, it must be blocked off during the calibration procedure so that it does not flow
or leak. All air escaping the part during the second test must leave through the master leak standard.

Correlation of multiple station calibrations for the same part


In order to obtain the optimum correlation of test results among several stations testing the same part type, it will be
necessary to use a common calibrated leak standard. In this case, the instrument should be set for "Manual Orifice in
Part" and a common leak standard used with each station or instrument in the Auto Cal routine. Request Application
Bulletin #115 for more detail.

SENTINEL M24 8-2


CHAPTER 8 AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION

Multiple Part Calibrations


The Sentinel M24 instrument has sixteen part holders per station to store the independent calibration and test
parameters for sixteen part families. Each set of stored calibration values includes the No Leak Loss, Low Limit Loss,
Orifice Loss and High Limit Loss calculated for the different part volumes.

SENTINEL M24 8-3


CHAPTER 8 AUTOMATIC PART CALIBRATION

SENTINEL M24 8-4


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST


The Self Test display key accesses several functions that check or verify proper test operation for the selected
station(s). The functions include automatic repetitive test cycling (AutoRun Tests), pneumatic manifold leak test (Run
Self Test), verify leak rate calibration (Open Orifice), transducer zero and span calibration and set regulator (Calib
Xducer/Set Regul), monitor I/O status, and monitor test valve status.

Press SELF TEST to see the Self Test Functions screen

Figure 64 Self Test screen

AUTO RUN
The Auto Run function performs repetitive tests to verify the instrument's functionality or conduct repeatability tests on
one part. The system uses the Relax timer (set within PART CONFIG, TIMERS function for each part program and
station) as the delay timer between tests. If the system is using the Adv Seal output, the tooling will not unclamp
between tests.

Runs in Auto Test 000

Before initiating the AutoRun routine, edit the desired number of tests. The maximum number of tests that can be set is
999.

Set the test part(s) into the selected station fixture(s).

There is a choice to activate Auto Test within the active station highlighted in the lower right corner or for all the
stations at once.

Start AutoRun - This STN N


Start AutoRun - ALL STNs N

To change "Start AutoRun" to Y, see Y/N Scroll Data on page 3-4. Use Edit, Arrow, and ENTER Keys.

Push the MONITOR key to observe the tests.

After sequencing through each test while in the MONITOR mode, the instrument will display the calculated leak rate,
measured pressure loss, and the decrementing relax timer until the next test starts.

SENTINEL M24 9-1


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

To determine how many tests remain within the AutoRun routine, push the SELF TEST key and observe the number
remaining next to "Runs in Auto Test" for the selected station (indicated in the lower right corner). If the display is left
in SELF TEST while running AutoRun, the test counter will not decrement. You must push the SELF TEST key to
refresh the screen.

After completing the tests, the Sentinel instrument will remain in the all station or single station monitoring display.
The "Start AutoRun - THIS STN" (or ALL STNs)" will remain as Y after the test is completed. To reactivate
AutoRun, you must edit the "AutoRun Tests" to indicate the number of additional tests desired and edit "Start
AutoRun", and push ENTER. If "AutoRun Tests" is set at zero, the instrument will run one test.

To stop the AUTO TEST routine, push the STOP button at any time. To reactivate AutoRun after it is stopped (by
STOP STATION), you must edit "Start AutoRun", to Y and press ENTER. If "AutoRun Tests" is set at zero, the
instrument will run one test.

SELF TEST
Self Test is a test routine to help troubleshoot a leaking test system. By conducting a self-test routine on the
instrument's pneumatic manifold, it differentiates where the leak exists in the system. Self Test is conducted on the
selected station pneumatic manifold with the test line replaced by a self-test plug (supplied on the bottom of the
instrument for each station). Before initiating the self-test routine, disconnect the test line quick connect fitting and
connect the self-test plug.

Figure 65 Self Test plug

The test parameters for the SELF TEST are set by the factory and are not editable. Enter the Test pressure, which
should be the current test pressure setting for the regulator and select the test level by entering level 1 or 2. Level 1 is
the general setting. Use Level 2 when the "Orifice Loss" value is less than 0.02 psi. The "Orifice Loss" value is
measured in the second test of the Auto Cal routine and displayed on the "Test Pressures" screen within PART
CONFIG for the active station.

Self Test Pressure 000


Self Test Level 1
Run Self Test? N

Initiate the Self Test routine by editing "Run Self Test" to Y. When ENTER is pushed, the next screen will appear.

SENTINEL M24 9-2


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

Figure 66 Screen for Self Test routine


Push ENTER key to start test.

At the end of the test, the display will indicate:

SELF TEST passed

for an acceptable non-leaking test pneumatics, or

SELF TEST failed

for a leaking test pneumatic panel.

For failed tests, the operator should fix the pneumatics and conduct another Self Test on the manifold. If the re-test is
successful, the operator should remove the self-test plug and reconnect the test line quick connect fitting. Push
MONITOR and the system will automatically return to the selected station and part program of the last part tested. To
select a new part program push the CHANGE PART key. To select a different station push the CHANGE STATION
key.

CALIBRATION VERIFICATION
(Manual control of the calibration valve)

It is important to periodically verify the leak rate calibration of the instrument. It is desirable to do this without re-
calibrating the instrument because of the time involved and the benefits of having Process Drift Correction adjust the
calibration to the process. Testing a master No Leak part with the internal leak standard added to the test circuit is a
quick and effective way to verify the instrument's calibration without changing anything. By simply testing the master
part with the calibration valve energized, the instrument should measure a leak rate very close (+10%) to the orifice
value (displayed in PART CONFIG, LEAK INFO screen for the selected station and part program).

To execute this simple calibration verification routine, mount a master part in the test fixture.

Open Orifice N

Edit the "Open Orifice" menu to Y. When the ENTER key is pushed, the calibration valve will click open. The station
number in the lower right corner of the display will blink until the orifice valve is de-energized. Push the MONITOR
key to monitor the test. Start the test on the master part and compare the leak rate test result to the stored orifice value
for the selected station and part program. If the two values are reasonably close (+10%) then the instrument's
calibration is satisfactory.

SENTINEL M24 9-3


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

Be sure to close the calibration valve before proceeding with your normal leak testing operation. Push the SELF
TEST key and edit the Open Orifice line to read N. The station number displayed in the lower right corner will stop
blinking.

CALIBRATE THE TRANSDUCERS


Periodically the pressure transducer's calibration should be checked. This routine makes it easy to check the
atmospheric pressure (gage zero) reading and automatically adjust the test pressure reading to match a calibrated
pressure gage.

Figure 64 Self Test screen on page 9-1 displays different data on lines 13 and 14 of the display screen, depending on
the manifold configuration for the active station.

If the Manifold is a type S or H, then the displayed transducer calibration and set regulator information will be:

If the Manifold is a type D, then the displayed transducer calibration and set regulator information will be:

If the Manifold is a type T, then the displayed transducer calibration and set regulator information will be:

For the dual pressure units, select which pressure or transducer to calibrate. The instrument will use the current
regulator setting to perform this function. The pressure must be greater than 50% of the transducer test range. Before
editing the function to Y, connect the calibrated pressure gage to the test port. Edit the "Calib XDucer/Set Regul"
setting to Y. Follow the procedure on the following screen.

Figure 67 Transducer calibration screen


Input the gage pressure reading from the calibrated pressure gage on the screen next to "Gage Reading". The
instrument will automatically correct the scaling of the pressure reading to match the calibrated pressure gage when
ENTER is pushed

SENTINEL M24 9-4


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

SET REGULATOR PRESSURE


To set the regulator pressure, Press the SELF TEST key to access the SELF TEST FUNCTIONS screen, as shown in
Figure 64 Self Test screen on page 9-1. Observe the Active Station number and press the CHANGE STATION key,
as needed to select the desired active station.
Select the "Calib XDucer/Set Regul" line and change the N to a Y to advance to the CALIB XDUCER / SET
REGUL screen, shown in Figure 67 Transducer calibration screen on page 9-4. Press ENTER to reset the transducer
zero. Within step 2, adjust the regulator to the desired test pressure, which is displayed as "M24 Reading". Once
correctly set, push EXIT. Do not press ENTER unless you are trying to calibrate the transducer.

MONITOR I/O STATUS


Monitor I/O Status Digital Inputs

To view the status of the Digital Input lines, press the SELF TEST key twice.

In the example below, the following digital input signals are active: Station 1 Part Select, Station 2 Part Present,
Station 3 Start* and Station 4 Stop*. Note the white rectangles indicating that these input lines are active.

Figure 68 Digital Input monitor screen within SELF TEST


This screen monitors the digital inputs received through the Input/Output Co-processor board. The location of the
inputs for each station is identified. Each of the 16 input terminals has a description of its programmed function.
(There are also LED indicators for each input located on the Co-processor board. See the circuit board drawing on
page 13-5 for more details.) While each input is active, the character block between the terminal number and input
description is a white rectangle. This is an easy way to verify that the instrument's interface functions are operating
properly. For dual pressure, test stations in two sets of four inputs are dedicated to the station. The first set of inputs
can have part or first test specific inputs. The second set of two inputs can have part or second test specific inputs.

Monitor I/O Status Digital Outputs

SENTINEL M24 9-5


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

To view the status of the Digital Output lines, press the SELF TEST key three times.

In the example below, the following digital output signals are active: Station 1 Test Accept, Station 2 Reject mark,
Station 3 Fill Timer and Station 4 Between Limits. Note the white rectangles indicating that these output lines are
active.

Figure 69 Digital Output monitor screen within SELF TEST


This screen monitors the digital outputs of the instrument through the Input/Output Co-processor board. The location
of the outputs for each station is identified. Each of the 16 output terminals has a description of its programmed
function. (There are also LED indicators for each output located on the Co-processor board. See the circuit board
drawing on page 13-5 for more details.) While each output is active, the character block between the terminal number
and output description is a white rectangle. This is an easy way to verify that instrument's interface functions are
operating properly.
For dual pressure test stations, two sets of four outputs are dedicated to the station. The first set of outputs can have
part or first test specific outputs. The second set of four outputs can have part or second test specific outputs.

Test Manifold Valve Status Monitor

To view the status of the Test Valve operation, press the SELF TEST key four times.

SENTINEL M24 9-6


CHAPTER 9 SELF TEST

In the example below, the following valves are active: Station 1 Fill, Station 2 Isolation, Station 3 Fill and Station 4
Calibration. Note the white rectangles indicating that these valves are active.

Figure 70 Test Valve Monitor screen within SELF TEST


The Valve Status screen monitors the test valves of each test station. These output terminals are located along the
bottom of the I/O Co-processor board. See the circuit board drawing on page 13-5 for more details. While each output
is activate, the character block next to the output description is a white rectangle. This is an easy way to verify that
instrument in properly functioning through the test cycle.

For dual pressure test stations, two sets of valve outputs are dedicated to the station. The first set of outputs applies to
the first test. The second set applies to the second test.

Descriptions of the valves shown in Figure 70 Test Valve Monitor screen within SELF TEST:

Valve Description
Fill Fill valve
Iso Isolation valve
Cal Calibration valve

Push MONITOR, PART CONFIG, INSTR CONFIG, TEST DATA, or any other key to escape the SELF TEST
functions.

SENTINEL M24 9-7


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE


Setup and operation of the Sentinel M24 communication options are explained in CHAPTER 5, INSTRUMENT
CONFIGURATION. The Sentinel M24 communicates via RS232, IrDA, RS485, and TCP/IP. This chapter will
explain some of the communication considerations for these different methods.

There are two RS232 terminations, one (9 pin connector) on the operator panel on the front of the instrument and the
second one (five terminals) inside on the I/O board next to the power input terminals. The IrDA port is also on the
front of the instrument. The RS485 port and TCP/IP jack are located on the Analog master board below the power
input terminals. See Figure 90 Analog Master Board (bottom tier) on page 13-8 and subsequent description for
details.

The available outputs are:

Report Selection Description


Part Setup-Curr Part setup parameters for Current Part, see page 11-6
Part Setup-STN Part setup parameters for All Parts at this Station, see page 11-5
Station Setup Current station parameters and counters see page 11-7
Instrument Info Instrument Setup screen parameters, see page 11-1
Station Counters Current station counters see page 11-4
Pressure stream Pressure Stream, data sampled 10 times per second, see page 11-2
Each Test ALL Test results from all stations, see page 11-3
Each Test Stn 4 Test result from Station 4, see page 11-3
Each Test Stn 3 Test result from Station 3, see page 11-3
Each Test Stn 2 Test result from Station 2, see page 11-3
Each Test Stn 1 Test result from Station 1, see page 11-3
Station Last 1000 1000 most recent test results from all stations, most recent data on top, see page 11-4
Station Last 100 100 most recent test results from all stations, most recent data on top, see page 11-4
Station Last 20 20 most recent test results from all stations, most recent data on top, see page 11-4

The test data output format for Station Last 20, 100, and 1000 and Each Test STN 1, 2, 3, 4, and ALL can be
customized in the INSTR CONFIG, Communication section, "Custom Output Format".

* For versions D and T the Sentinel stores two test results for each part tested. Therefore, when 1000 parts are tested,
2000 test results are stored for output. If LAST 1000 is selected, it will output the dual pressure test results for the
last 1000 parts. EACH TEST will output the two test results for each part after it is tested.

There is an optional "Send RS232" digital input that can be received by the instrument after completion of a test that
will initiate the instrument to send an Each Test result. The format of the information sent is set up in INSTR
CONFIG, Custom output.

The standard RS232 interface cable for a portable printer is a nine pin female to nine pin male serial null cable. The
RS232 interface cable for a computer is a nine pin female to nine pin female serial null cable. If a 25 pin serial cable is
required for another printer, the diagram for the internal RS232 connection is detailed on page 13-6.

COMMUNICATION WITH OTHER SERIAL DEVICES


The Sentinel M24 instruments have the ability to communicate with other printers or compatible devices (such as
computers or PLCs). Communication can either be with the instrument sending information on command using the
menus under the instrument's INSTR CONFIG key or with an external device programmed to request specific
information.

COMMUNICATION SETUP AND EXECUTION


The Sentinel M24 instrument communicates via TCP/IP (Ethernet), RS485, RS232, and IrDA (Infrared). This
communication is two-way with each method. There are common interface commands established to communicate
with the instrument via the four methods. These commands can be used to remotely request selected data to be sent, to

SENTINEL M24 10-1


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

send new setup parameters for storage, and to change some instrument functions. Instrument setup parameters, station
setup parameters, part program parameters, calibration data, counter data, test result data, and security setup are all
available for communication.

Figure 71 IrDA port and RS-232 connector

The setup and operation commands for communications to and from the Sentinel M24 are accessed via the INSTR
CONFIG key. For serial communication, the operator must select either RS232 or IrDA. The Sentinel M24
instrument can only communicate via one of these two methods at a time. There is a nine-pin RS232 connection and an
IrDA port on the front of the instrument, shown above There is a five-terminal connector for RS232 on the internal
I/O co-processor board, shown below.

Figure 72 RS-232 internal connector block

RS485 and TCP/IP communication can operate simultaneously with the serial communication of RS232 or IrDA. The
RS485 and TCP/IP connections are internal to the instrument on the left side of the bottom board, shown below

TCP/IP

RS485

Figure 73 RS-485 and TCP/IP connectors


For RS485 communication, the RS485 ID number must be set on the INSTR CONFIG, serial communication screen.

SENTINEL M24 10-2


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

For TCP/IP communication, the instrument must be assigned an IP address. Information regarding the Mail server,
Gateway/Router, and instrument IP address must be entered for the instrument within INSTR CONFIG, TCP/IP
communications. The instrument power must be cycled if any IP addresses are changed.

Figure 74 Front panel Display keys

There are usually several communication and terminal parameters that must be setup within your computer or PDA to
enable communication with the Sentinel M24 instrument. The PDA needs software to receive the ASCII information
from the Sentinel M24 instrument. There may be a variety of software that works. (There is a software package from
Markspace called Online that has worked. You can find more information at www.markspace.com). Computers
with Microsoft Windows 95, 98, XP, etc. have a standard communication software called HyperTerminal found under
START/ Accessories/ Communications.

Communication settings set within PDAs software (example of Palm with Online)

Communications Settings

Method: Serial

Port: Infrared

Baud: 9600

Data Bits: 8765

Parity: NEO

Stop Bits: 12

Handshake: Hardware

OK Cancel

Terminal settings (actual parameter descriptions may vary depending on computer, PDA, and software.)

SENTINEL M24 10-3


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

Terminal Settings

Emulate: VT100 TTY Hex

Font: Large Small

Return: CR LF CR+LF

Backspace: BS Delete

Add LF (incoming)

Display Follows cursor

Auto wrap to next line

Local echo Pacing 10

OK Cancel

Logging settings (for PDAs)


Log to memo pad

When communicating with a PDA via IrDA, send a character from the PDA to the Sentinel M24 to establish a
communications link.

Setup for HyperTerminal within Microsoft Windows 95 or higher

Transferring data from the Sentinel M24 instrument to a computer with Windows 95 or higher or similar functioning
PDAs
1. Connect null-modem cable to com port of computer or PDA (or connect to EtherNet cable)
2. Start Windows 95 or higher.
3. Choose START, PROGRAMS, Accessories, Communication, and HyperTerminal.
4. Choose HyperTerminal icon
5. Enter a connection name such as "M24 port" and choose desired icon, OK.
6. Within Connect to window for this connection, set "connect using" to the com port for your computer, like "com 2"
(or select TCP/IP).
7. The RS 232, IrDA, and RS485 communication options are set to work with the following setup parameters.

Data input field RS232 IrDA RS485


Connect Using COM5 (or other COM)
Bits per second 9600 or 57600 baud 9600 baud 57600 baud
Parity No parity No parity No parity
Data bits 8 bits 8 bits 8 bits
Stop bits 1 stop bit 1 stop bit 1 stop bit
Flow control none hardware none

For TCP/IP, select the following

SENTINEL M24 10-4


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

8. For RS-232 or TCP/IP, choose File, Properties, Settings

9. Click on the button "ASCII Setup"

SENTINEL M24 10-5


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

(These commands set the computer or PDA terminal to display the data).
10. Choose File, Save As, Save.
11. The HyperTerminal is ready to receive data from the Sentinel M24 instrument now and in the future.
12. For future data transfers, the computer will have a dedicated icon on HyperTerminal setup to receive data.
13. On the Sentinel M24, push INSTR CONFIG, select "RS232" or "IrDA" as the port option, and select the desired
output within RS232/IrDA port function for transfer and push ENTER. Make sure that the M24 and receiving device
are set the same. The data transfer is initiated when ENTER is pressed.
14. To transfer the data to a spreadsheet program like EXCEL, highlight the data on the HyperTerminal window, select
Edit menu and Copy the information.
15. Open the spreadsheet program.
16. Select Edit and Paste the information into the spreadsheet.
17. Highlight the data within EXCEL (for example) and select Data, Text to Columns, Fixed Width", NEXT, and
FINISH.
18. Remember the test result files have the most recent results at the top or first.
When using HyperTerminal or a PDA as an ASCII terminal, the following settings need to be set in HyperTerminal or
the communication software as properties to receive and display data:

Sending information One-way via commands through the Sentinel M24 Communication screens within INSTR
CONFIG functions.

When the instrument is setup to communicate with any of the four communication methods, the operator can command
the instrument to send out any desired information via the INSTR CONFIG key. (There is a menu, Custom Output
Format, on the first screen after pushing INSTR CONFIG for customizing the content and order of the information for
test results.) The operator chooses the desired information from the output options listed with RS232/IrDA
Function, RS485 Function, and TCP/IP Function. After entering the desired choice, the information is sent to the
computer or PDA that is connected for the transfer. Full details about interfacing through the keypad for these
communication options are described in Communications on page 5-2 and TCP/IP ComMunications on page 5-6.

Requesting information be sent using Two-way communication via remote commands using any of the four
communication options.

A remote computer or PDA can request information from the Sentinel M24 via the two-way communication
capabilities of the four communication methods. Sending the desired alpha-numeric character string outlined below
will either:
1. Request test results, part or instrument setup information, or counter information be sent.
2. Download changes to stored part or instrument setup information.
3. Change active part program within a station.

SENTINEL M24 10-6


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

(To communicate via IrDA, a ? character followed by an Enter must be sent to the Sentinel M24 instrument
from the IrDA device first in order to initiate a communication link. Otherwise, the Sentinel M24 will not be
able to find the handheld device. Because all other methods are directly linked to the instrument, there is no
wakeup communication required).

Figure 75 Example of HyperTerminal using TCP/IP

Information request commands are:


Sn Select station number n to send and receive data
Pn Select part program number n within the selected station
DN Output the number N of saved test results within selected station
DP Reset test data pointer to last test result within selected station
DPn Reset test data pointer to a test result that is n test before within selected station
DSn Send the last n simple test results within the selected station.
DFn Send the last n full test results within the selected station
DCn Send the last n customized test results within the selected station using the customized output
format setup within INSTR CONFIG, Customize Output Format.
DL Get all the test results since the last requested download for the selected station
DR Clear the DL pointer i.e. reset the counter to the current test result and ignore the data that was not
downloaded since the last request for the selected station.
Rxxx Reads the data or settings from the xxx registers defined in tables below
Wxxx yyyy Writes the information yyyy into the register xxx within the selected station and part
(Write commands change the data in selected register).

? Lists the categories of registers where the instrument, station, and part parameters are stored
?0 Lists all the Instrument MISC ID register numbers and descriptions
?1 Lists all the Security register numbers and descriptions

SENTINEL M24 10-7


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

?2 Lists all the Digital I/O ID register numbers and descriptions


?3 Lists all the Instrument Counter register numbers and descriptions
?4 Lists all the Station MISC register numbers and descriptions
?5 Lists all the Timer register numbers and descriptions
?6 Lists all the Fault Detect register numbers and descriptions
?7 Lists all the Calibration register numbers and descriptions
?8 Lists all the Part MISC register numbers and descriptions
?9 Lists all the Part Counter register numbers and descriptions
?E Lists all the Err and Test Evaluation Codes and descriptions

The Sentinel M24 instrument stores the setup information in registers. There are general instrument registers, station
specific registers, and station and part holder specific registers.

Registers ?0, ?1, and ?2 are general instrument registers that apply to the identification, communication, security, and
digital input/output setup of the instrument. These registers are reviewed or changed directly by identifying the register
number in the read or write command. For example:
R003 (Reads the assigned instrument name)

W003 Quad 4 (changes the instrument name to Quad 4)

Registers ?3 and ?4 are station specific registers that apply to station specific counters and how the station specific
functions are set up. To review or change these values, the commands must identify the station and then the register
number. For example:
S3 (selects station 3)
R409 (reads the number of holders that are active for station 3)

S3 (selects station 3)
W409 6 (changes the number of active part holders for station 3 to six)

Registers ?5, ?6, ?7, ?8, ?9, and ?E are part specific registers within a specified station that apply to the timers,
pressures, leak rates, miscellaneous functions, counters, and error codes. To review or change these values, the
commands must identify the station, the part holder number, and then the register number. For example:
S2 (selects station 2)
P3 (selects part holder 3 within station 2)
R501 (reads the pre-fill time for part holder 3 within station 2)

S3 (selects station 3)
P1 (selects part holder 1 within station 3)
W503 3 (changes the stabilization timer to 3 seconds in part holder 1 within station 3)

Register numbers for instrument, station, and part information follow. Any item with an asterisk (*) cannot be
changed using the Hyper-terminal connection. Most of the items shown with an asterisk can be changed from the M24
control panel. A few of the items marked with an asterisk are set at the factory and cannot be changed.

SENTINEL M24 10-8


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

?0 Instrument - MISC ?1 Instrument - Security ?2 Instrument - I/O


001* Software Version 101* Calibration 201 Digital Input 1 Test 1
002* Hardware Rev 102* Change Part 202 Digital Input 2
003 Instrument Name 103* Part Config 203 Digital Input 3
004* Serial Number 104* Instrument Config 204 Digital Input 4
005* Current Station 105* Reset Counters 205 Digital Input 5 Test 2
006* Current Part 106* Clear Test Data 206 Digital Input 6
007 Calib Frequency 107* Password 207 Digital Input 7
008 Screen Saver 208 Digital Input 8
009 RS232/IrDA Port 209 Digital Input 9 Test 3
010 RS485 Address 210 Digital Input 10
011 RS232 Function 211 Digital Input 11
012 RS485 Function 212 Digital Input 12
013 TCP/IP Function 213 Digital Input 13 Test 4
014* M24 IP 214 Digital Input 14
015* Mail Server IP 215 Digital Input 15
016 Email Alert 216 Digital Input 16
017 Email Alert Addr 217 Digital Output 1 Test 1
018 Send Email Addr 218 Digital Output 2
019* Date 219 Digital Output 3
020* Time 220 Digital Output 4
021Change Part Holder 221 Digital Output 5 Test 2
222 Digital Output 6
223 Digital Output 7
224 Digital Output 8
225 Digital Output 9 Test 3
226 Digital Output 10
227 Digital Output 11
228 Digital Output 12
229 Digital Output 13 Test 4
230 Digital Output 14
231 Digital Output 15
232 Digital Output 16

?3 Station - Counters ?4 Station - MISC ?5 Part - Timers


301* All Counters 401 Module 501 Pref
302* All Cycles 402 Manifold 502 Fill
303* ACC 403* Reserve 503 Stab
304* REJ 404* Reserve 504 Test
305* Malfunction 405* Reserve 505 Quik
306* Runs Since New 406 Cal Method 506 Exht
407 Pres Unit 507 Relx
408 Leak Unit
409 Number of Parts 508 Pref 2
410 *Curr Part Holder # 509 Fill 2
411 Transducer 1 510 Stab 2
412 Transducer 2 511 Test 2
413 Run Autorun ###### 512 Quik 2
513 Exht 2

SENTINEL M24 10-9


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

?6 Part - Pressures ?7 Part - Leak Info ?8 Part - MISC


601 Min Test Pres 701 Test Evaluation 801 Part Name
602 Max Test Pres 702 Hi Lim Leak Rate 802 Skip 1st Test
603 No Leak Loss 703 Lo Lim Leak Rate 803 Skip 2nd Test
604* Low Limit Loss 704 Min Cal Ratio 804 Enable Quik Test
605 High Limit Loss 705* Cal Ratio 805 Proc Drift Perct
606 Max Calib Loss 706 Orifice Value 806 Enable Quik Test 2
707 Orifice Cal Date 807 Proc Drift % 2
607 Min Test Pres 2 708 Orifice Cal Due
608 Max Test Pres 2
609 No Leak Loss 2 709 Test Evaluation 2
610* Low Limit Loss 2 710 Hi Lim Leak Rate 2
611 High Limit Loss 2 711 Lo Lim Leak Rate 2
612 Max Cal Loss 2 712 Min Cal Ratio 2
713* Cal Ratio 2
613 *Cal loss 714 Orifice Value 2
614 *Cal loss 2 715 Orifice Cal Date 2
716 Orifice Cal Due 2

?9 Part - Counters ?E Error Codes


901* All Cycles 0: Bad Command
902* ACC 1: DataID Missed
903* REJ 2: DataID Invalid
904* Malfunctions 3: Security is ON
905* Runs Since New 4: Value Missed
906* Runs Since Calib 5: Value Invalid
907* Runs Until Calib 6: Value too Small
7: Value too Big
8: Value not Writable
9: Index out of Range
Test Eval Codes
A: Accept
R: Reject
P: Stopped
S: Severe Leak
H: Test Pres High
L: Test Pres Low
Z: Trans Zero Bad
M: Malfunction

Examples:

If you want to download the last 500 test results using the customized output format from station 1 via Ethernet, you
would type or send the following character string from your HyperTerminal.

S1 (select to communicate about Station 1)


DC500 (download the last 500 test results using the customized output format)

Send all the test results for Station 4 since the last time the data was requested.

S4 (select to communicate about station 4)


DL (download all Test Results for station 4 since last downloaded)

Select Part Holder 3 within Station 2 for the next test.

W021 19 (Change the active Part Holder to 3 for Station 2) - see table above for breakdown of part holders to
stations.

SENTINEL M24 10-10


CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

Verify that the Sentinel M24 received the Part Holder change requested above.

S2 (select to communicate about Station 2


R410 (read the current part holder number for the selected station)

Change the Hi Limit reject value for Station 4, Part Holder 3 to 5.0 sccm.

S4 (select to communicate about Station 4)


P3 (select to communicate about Part Holder 3)
W702 5 (write or change the Hi Limit Leak Rate to 5 sccm)

Download the Accept and Reject Counter information for station 2.

S2 (select to communicate about Station 2)


R303 (read station Accept counter)
R304 (read station Reject counter)

SENTINEL M24 10-11


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS


The following reports may be downloaded form the Sentinel M24 system to a PLC, PDA or other computer using RS-
232, IrDA, RS-485 or TCP/IP serial communications transports.

Instrument info
The Instrument Information report displays the setup parameters from the INSTR CONFIG setup screens:

M24 Instrument Info 01/01/00 00:00:09


===================================
MISC
Software version M 0.80
Hardware revision 00
Instrument Name M24 LeakTest
Serial Number M24 12345678
Cal Frequency 999999
Screen Saver 25 min Key Idle
RS232/IrDA Port RS232
RS485 ID 00
RS232 Function Instrument Info
RS485 Function Instrument Info
TCP/IP Function Instrument Info
M24 IP Address 128.010.000.226
Mail Server IP 128.010.000.003
Email @ m24serv@cincinnati-test.com
Email Alert Function Off

Alert @ m24serv@cincinnati-test.com
------------------------------------------------
SECURITY
Secure Calibration N
Secure Change Part N
Secure Part Config N
Secure Instrument Config N
Secure Reset Counters N
Secure Clear Test Results N
------------------------------------------------
DIGITAL INPUT
STATION 1
PIN 01 Start *
PIN 02 Stop *
PIN 03 Off
PIN 04 Off
STATION 2
PIN 05 Start *
PIN 06 Stop *
PIN 07 Off
PIN 08 Off
STATION 3
PIN 09 Start *
PIN 10 Stop *
PIN 11 Off
PIN 12 Off
STATION 4
PIN 13 Start *
PIN 14 Stop *
PIN 15 Off
PIN 16 Off
------------------------------------------------

SENTINEL M24 11-1


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

DIGITAL OUTPUT
STATION 1
PIN 01 Off
PIN 02 Off
PIN 03 Off
PIN 04 Off
STATION 2
PIN 05 Off
PIN 06 Off
PIN 07 Off
PIN 08 Off
STATION 3
Figure 76 Instrument Info download example

Pressure Stream
Station, Cycle (Pre-fill, Fill, Stabilize, Test, Exhaust), sample pressure
sensor every 100 milliseconds.

Pressure Stream (NOTE: Entire test is approx 7 seconds).

3P 2.320843
3P 3.624840
3P 4.665120
3P 5.548120
3P 6.283482
3P 6.883274
3P 7.336226
3F 7.662391
3F 7.864985
3F 7.978314
3F 8.036554
3F 8.067446
3F 8.086902
3F 8.098074
3F 8.106559
3F 8.112658
3F 8.120348
3F 8.125784
3F 8.131486
3F 8.136922
3F 8.139838
3F 8.142756
3F 8.147362
3F 8.151108
3F 8.153462
3S 8.146998
3S 8.139308
3S 8.133076
3S 8.129364
3S 8.124724
3S 8.121111
3S 8.116636
3S 8.114348
3S 8.111730
3S 8.108648
3S 8.105730
3S 8.104934
3S 8.103642
3S 8.104172
3S 8.102416
3S 8.099797

SENTINEL M24 11-2


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

3S 8.100294
3S 8.100294
3S 8.098074
3S 8.098206
3T 8.098339
3T 8.095554
3T 8.098040
3T 8.098870
3T 8.097278
3T 8.097012
3T 8.096582
3T 8.095289
3T 8.096848
3T 8.097112
3T 8.096316
3T 8.093930
3T 8.092074
3T 8.094759
3T 8.095024
3T 8.097145
3T 8.094494
3T 8.096217
3T 8.093036
3T 8.092737
3T 8.095388
3T 8.094593
3E 6.591052
3E 4.676921
3E 3.464641
3E 2.497980
3E 1.748960
Figure 77 Pressure Stream download example

Each Test
Test results from each test for Station n (n=1, 2, 3 or 4). Test results are in order of most recent data at bottom:

E DATE TIME S P# PRESS P-LOSS P-PL PDrift Leak P-Lk Q


A 04/21/04 11:56:13 3 01 7.9767 .00378 .00628 .00000 1.18 2.91 L
A ........ ........ . .. 39.990 .00668 .00821 .00000 .310 1.16 L
A 04/21/04 11:57:34 3 01 7.9806 .00265 -.0002 .00000 .402 -1.6 L
A ........ ........ . .. 39.996 .00588 .00736 .00000 -.13 .687 L
A 04/21/04 11:58:56 3 01 7.9866 .00374 -.0002 .00000 1.15 -1.5 L
R ........ ........ . .. 40.011 .00351 .00420 .00000 -1.5 -1.1 L
A 04/21/04 12:00:18 3 01 7.9880 .00341 .00170 .00000 .930 -.25 L
A ........ ........ . .. 40.023 .01101 .00993 .00000 2.72 2.12 L
A 04/21/04 12:01:39 3 01 7.9787 .00312 .00305 .00000 .729 .675 L
A ........ ........ . .. 40.026 .00607 .00797 .00000 -.03 1.03 L
A 04/21/04 12:03:00 3 01 7.9786 .00436 .00224 .00000 1.59 .117 L
A ........ ........ . .. 40.031 .00669 .00910 .00000 .316 1.65 L
A 04/21/04 12:04:22 3 01 7.9867 .00337 .00277 .00000 .898 .488 L
A ........ ........ . .. 40.036 .00607 .00794 .00000 -.03 1.01 L
A 04/21/04 12:05:44 3 01 7.9770 .00262 .00517 .00000 .381 2.14 L
R ........ ........ . .. 40.041 .00406 .00335 .00000 -1.1 -1.5 L
A 04/21/04 12:07:05 3 01 7.9850 .00145 .00234 .00000 -.42 .186 L
A ........ ........ . .. 40.049 .00851 .01253 .00000 1.33 3.56 L
A 04/21/04 12:08:27 3 01 7.9845 .00247 .00156 .00000 .275 -.34 L
A ........ ........ . .. 40.050 .00607 .00579 .00000 -.03 -.18 L
Figure 78 Each Test download example

SENTINEL M24 11-3


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

Station Last
Test results for last n (where n = 20, 100, or 1000) tests for Current Station Test results are in order of Most Recent
data on top:

E DATE TIME S P# PRESS P-LOSS P-PL PDrift Leak P-Lk Q


P 04/22/04 16:20:25 3 01 ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
R ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
P 04/22/04 16:20:20 3 01 ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
R ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
S 04/22/04 16:14:23 3 01 ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
P ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
A 04/22/04 16:11:54 3 01 .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
P ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
A 04/22/04 16:11:27 3 01 .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
P ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
A 04/22/04 16:11:09 3 01 .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
P ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
A 04/22/04 16:08:28 3 01 .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
P ........ ........ . .. ------ ------ ------ ------ ---- ---- -
R 04/22/04 15:55:45 3 01 8.0823 .00264 .00200 .00000 -1.8 -2.3 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
R 04/22/04 15:54:39 3 01 8.0831 .00308 .00304 .00000 -1.4 -1.4 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:53:32 3 01 8.0824 .00374 .00314 .00000 -.87 -1.4 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:52:25 3 01 8.0835 .00405 .00480 .00000 -.61 .000 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:51:19 3 01 8.0822 .00411 .00391 .00000 -.56 -.73 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:50:12 3 01 8.0824 .00368 .00487 .00000 -.92 .060 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:49:05 3 01 8.0840 .00446 .00525 .00000 -.27 .376 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:47:59 3 01 8.0846 .00472 .00412 .00000 -.06 -.55 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
R 04/22/04 15:46:52 3 01 8.0833 .00331 .00391 .00000 -1.2 -.73 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:45:45 3 01 8.0833 .00429 .00429 .00000 -.41 -.41 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
R 04/22/04 15:44:38 3 01 8.0827 .00302 .00323 .00000 -1.5 -1.3 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:43:32 3 01 8.0839 .00447 .00422 .00000 -.26 -.47 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
A 04/22/04 15:42:25 3 01 8.0836 .00362 .00217 .00000 -.97 -2.2 L
A ........ ........ . .. .00000 .00000 .00000 .00000 .000 .000 L
Figure 79 Station Last download example

Station Counters
Statistical Counters for current station:

Station 3 Counters 04/22/04 16:24:24


================================================
STATION COUNTERS
All Cycles 173
ACC 91
REJ 55
Malfunction 27
Runs Since New 173
------------------------------------------------
PART COUNTERS

SENTINEL M24 11-4


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

Part Holder 00 STN 3-PART01


All Cycles 173
ACC 91
REJ 55
Malfunction 27
Runs Since New 173
Runs Since Cal 0
Runs Until Cal Req'd 81
Figure 80 Station Counters download example

Part Setup - STN


Part setup parameters for all parts for current station:

Station 3 Part 01 Setup 04/22/04 16:39:06


================================================
PART TIMERS (sec)
Pref 1.00 4.00
Fill 1.80 4.50
Stab 2.00 25.0
Test 6.50 3.00
Quik 1.40 1.50
Exht .000 1.00
Relx 60.0
------------------------------------------------
PART PRESSURES (psi)
Min Test Pressure 7.2000 39.000
Max Test Pressure 9.8000 41.000
No Leak Loss .00477 .00397
Lo Lim Loss .00100 .00256
Hi Lim Loss .01799 .00892
Max Cal Loss .40000 .40000
------------------------------------------------
PART LEAK INFO(sccm)
Test Eval RAR RAR
Hi Lim Leak 3.5000 3.5000
Lo Lim Leak -1.000 -1.000
Min Cal Ratio .01000 .01000
Cal Ratio .73474 .55426
Orifice Value 8.88 6.61
------------------------------------------------
PART MISC
Part Name STN 3-PART01
Skip Test N Y
Quik Test % Off Off
Process Drift % Off Off
Run 2nd Test if 1st Was Rej Y

Station 3 Part 02 Setup 04/22/04 16:39:06


================================================
PART TIMERS (sec)
Pref 1.00 1.00
Fill 1.80 4.50
Stab 2.00 5.50
Test 2.20 3.00
Quik 1.00 1.50
Exht .000 1.00
Relx 60.0
------------------------------------------------
PART PRESSURES (psi)
Min Test Pressure 7.2000 36.000
Max Test Pressure 8.8000 44.000

SENTINEL M24 11-5


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

No Leak Loss .00000 .00000


Lo Lim Loss .00000 .00000
Hi Lim Loss .00000 .00000
Max Cal Loss .40000 .40000
------------------------------------------------
PART LEAK INFO(sccm)
Test Eval RAR RAR
Hi Lim Leak 3.5000 3.5000
Lo Lim Leak -1.000 -1.000
Min Cal Ratio .01000 .01000
Cal Ratio .00000 .00000
Orifice Value 8.88 6.90
------------------------------------------------
PART MISC
Part Name STN 3-PART02
Skip Test N N
Quik Test % Off Off
Process Drift % Off Off
Run 2nd Test if 1st Was Rej Y
Figure 81 Part Setup - STN download example

Part Setup - Curr


Part setup parameters for current part for current station:

Station 3 Part 01 Setup 04/22/04 16:39:00


================================================
PART TIMERS (sec)
Pref 1.00 4.00
Fill 1.80 4.50
Stab 2.00 25.0
Test 6.50 3.00
Quik 1.40 1.50
Exht .000 1.00
Relx 60.0
------------------------------------------------
PART PRESSURES (psi)
Min Test Pressure 7.2000 39.000
Max Test Pressure 9.8000 41.000
No Leak Loss .00477 .00397
Lo Lim Loss .00100 .00256
Hi Lim Loss .01799 .00892
Max Cal Loss .40000 .40000
------------------------------------------------
PART LEAK INFO(sccm)
Test Eval RAR RAR
Hi Lim Leak 3.5000 3.5000
Lo Lim Leak -1.000 -1.000
Min Cal Ratio .01000 .01000
Cal Ratio .73474 .55426
Orifice Value 8.88 6.61
------------------------------------------------
PART MISC
Part Name STN 3-PART01
Skip Test N Y
Quik Test % Off Off
Process Drift % Off Off
Run 2nd Test if 1st Was Rej Y
Figure 82 Part Setup - Curr download example

SENTINEL M24 11-6


CHAPTER 11 DOWNLOADED REPORTS

Station Setup
Current Station setup parameters:

M24 Station 3 Setup 04/22/04 16:24:01


================================================
Module Press Decay
Manifold D
Cal Method A/int
Number of Parts 02
Part Holder 01 STN 3-PART01
Pressures Unit psi
Leak Rate Unit sccm
Transducer CUSTOM

Station Counters
Current Station Counters:

Station 3 Counters 04/22/04 16:24:12


================================================
STATION COUNTERS
All Cycles 173
ACC 91
REJ 55
Malfunction 27
Runs Since New 173
------------------------------------------------
PART COUNTERS
Part Holder 00 STN 3-PART01
All Cycles 173
ACC 91
REJ 55
Malfunction 27
Runs Since New 173
Runs Since Cal 0
Runs Until Cal Req'd 81
Figure 83 Station Setup download screen

SENTINEL M24 11-7


CHAPTER 12 TEST DATA

CHAPTER 12 TEST DATA


This display function shows past test results, counter information, and statistics for the selected station. To review test
data for other stations, push the CHANGE STATION key on the Functions panel.

COUNTER INFORMATION

Press the TEST DATA key to see the Statistical Counters screen.

Figure 84 Counter screen with TEST DATA routine


Counter display shows total counter results for both the active station under "Station x " and the selected part program
indicated next to "Select Part".

Reset STN Counters Resets the counters for the active station indicated by the highlighted number in the lower right
corner.

Reset Part Counters Resets the counters for the selected part program indicated on the following line "Select Part"
within the active station.

Select Part Selects the desired part program within the active station by using the Up or Down arrow keys. The
programmed part name for the selected part program will appear on the line below next to "Station x".

Tests Run Total tests performed since Counters were cleared for the active station and selected part program.

Accepts Number of accept results based on low and high limit setup for the active station and selected part program.

Rejects Severe leaks and number of reject results based on low and high limit setup for the active station and selected
part program.

Malfunctions Number of tests that stopped early due to stop inputs, no make-to-continue input, no part presence
input, test pressure high error in fill or stabilization, or other non-test errors for the active station and selected part
program

Runs since new - Total number of tests performed by the station and part program since the instrument was new. This
number is not editable.

SENTINEL M24 12-1


CHAPTER 12 TEST DATA

Runs since cal'd - Total number of tests performed with the active part program within the active station since it was
calibrated.

Runs until cal req'd - Number of tests that can be performed with the active part program within the active station
before calibration is required.

TEST RESULTS
The second display is test results stored in the system for the selected station since the test data was cleared. The most
recent results are on top. Use the NEXT PAGE key or the Up or Down arrow keys to scroll through the test results.
The scroll bar on the right side indicates the relative location of the test data within all results stored for the active
station.

Press the TEST DATA key twice to see the data on recent parts tests.

Figure 85 Test Data screen

Station number The identification of the station in the upper right corner will match the active station number
indicated by the highlighted number in the lower right corner. To select a different station, use the CHANGE
STATION key on the Functions panel.

The displayed variables are:

Part program number (P#) Part program number used within the active station to perform the test.

Date (MMDD) Month and day that test was performed

Time (HHMMSS) Hour, minute, and second that test was performed.

Pressure Loss (LOSS) Measured pressure loss during test cycle

Process drift correction (EDC) Calculated drift correction for measured pressure losses of non leaking parts during
production

Leak Rate (LK) Calculated leak rate value for the test

Quik Test Leak Rate (QUIK) Calculated leak rate using predicted pressure loss values taken at the Quik Test timer.

SENTINEL M24 12-2


CHAPTER 12 TEST DATA

Test Evaluation (E) Code for individual test results

A Accept P Stop Key pushed


R Reject Z Transducer Bad
S Severe Leak J Test jumped
H Test Pressure High (1st Test rejected, didn't run 2nd)
L Test Pressure Low N Test skipped as selected within dual pressure test setup)

There is additional data stored with each test result. Included are:

Station number (S) Station where tests were performed.


Quik Test Predicted Pressure Loss (Pred P Loss) Predicted pressure loss calculated for a test using the pressure
reading taken at the Quik Test time.
Test Nature (Q) - Indication as to which way the test concluded as either Quik Test (Q) or Long Test (L).
Pressure at start of test - Measured pressure at the beginning of the test cycle
Part Name (Name) Name assigned to part program within Part config.
Which Test (T) For dual pressure tests, 1 or 2 indicates either the first or second test of the sequence.
485 ID (ID) Identifies the RS485 address assigned to the instrument

STATISTICS INFORMATION

Press the TEST DATA key three times to see the statistical report on recent
parts tests.

Figure 86 Statistics screen within TEST DATA for a dual pressure test
Calculations are performed on the test results for a selected station and selected part program. To view statistics for
different stations push the CHANGE STATION key until the desired station appears.

Select Part View statistics for different part programs by editing the line for the desired part program using the Up
or Down arrow keys.

Change History Length Defines the number of test results within the active station and selected part program over
which to perform the statistical analysis.

SENTINEL M24 12-3


CHAPTER 12 TEST DATA

The instrument performs the following calculations on the specified history of test results within the active station and
selected part program. It calculates the results on the accept parts only, the reject parts only, and all the parts. It
ignores severe leaks and malfunctions that occur

Min value Minimum reading of accept, reject, and all parts


Max value Maximum reading of accept, reject, and all parts
Range Difference between minimum and maximum readings of accept, reject, and all parts
Mean Average value of accept, reject, and all parts
x1 + x2 + ... + xn
xmean =
n
Std Dev Standard deviation of accept, reject and all parts.

Standard Deviation =
(x1 xmean ) 2 + ( x2 xmean ) 2 + ... + ( xn xmean ) 2
n 1

SENTINEL M24 12-4


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS


The Sentinel M24 instrument includes selectable digital inputs and outputs to increase the functionality and simplify
the application to various test requirements. The OUTPUT SEQUENCE CHART details when each of the 25 outputs
occurs. The time increment along the top of the chart is set within the TIMERS function. The sequence of events can
not be altered. However, there are several outputs occurring at different times in the test process, which can be utilized
to accomplish many basic functions. The inputs and outputs are either 24 VDC or 120 VAC depending on whether
there is an internal power supply (120 VAC) or an external power supply 24 VDC). The test valves and test result
lights are always 24 VDC outputs.

These input and output functions can be selected in the INSTR CONFIG function, digital inputs and outputs. The
selection of the input and output are all station specific.

Start and Stop test signal(s)


The single input (START) and the programmable digital input (PART PRESENCE) input are the only available start
test options. One input to stop tests is also available.

TOOLING CONTROL ACTIONS


There is only one simple tooling output (Adv Seal) with a fixed 0.5 second delay timer. There is no feedback option or
retract output available for this control output. It can only be used for safe tooling actions that involve no operator
pinch points.

TEST SEQUENCE OUTPUTS


Four outputs are selectable per station. Within a dual pressure station, each test has four selectable outputs.
These outputs are selected within INSTR CONFIG function.

In Test activates at the beginning of the pre-fill cycle and goes off at the end of test exhaust. It could be used to
operate a solenoid valve for part selection. The initiation of this action must be completed while simultaneously
starting the pressurization of the part. For dual pressure tests, the In-Test output is selectable per test within the two
groups of four outputs for each test.

The fill and isolate valves cycle through the test sequence using the timers set in the PART CONFIG, TIMERS
function. The available test sequence outputs are:

(In a dual pressure station, the outputs described below that are associated with the timers are test specific. If
programmed within the first group of four outputs, the output goes on only during the first test. If programmed within
the second group of four outputs, the output goes on only during the second test.

Pre-fill timer Output during Pre-fill timer (good for fast-filling large parts using external valves and regulator).

Fill timer Output during Fill timer (coordinates fill function with an external event).

Stab timer Output during Stab timer (coordinate stabilization function with external event).

Test timer Output during Test timer (coordinate test function with external events).

Exhaust timer Output during Exhaust timer (simultaneously exhaust test part through extra exhaust valve).

FINAL TEST RESULT OUTPUT SIGNALS


Test Accept activates at the end of the test cycle for an accepted test and remains on until the initiation of the next part
test. For dual pressure tests, this output is test specific and must be selected within the appropriate test group.

SENTINEL M24 13-1


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

Test Reject activates due to severe leak failures, loss of pressure in stabilization, or reject test results of the test cycle
and remains on until the initiation of the next part test. For dual pressure tests, this output is test specific and must be
selected within the appropriate test group.
Part Accept activates at the end of the part test cycle for accepted parts and remains on until the initiation of the next
test. For dual pressure tests, this output activates at the end of the last test if both tests are successful. This output is
part specific and selectable within either output group.
Part Reject activates due to severe leak failures, loss of pressure in stabilization, or reject test results of the test cycle
and remains on until the initiation of the next test. For dual pressure tests, this output activates at the end of the last test
if either test rejects. This output is part specific.
Accept Mark only activates during the exhaust timer following accept tests. It can be used to mark accepted parts
while the part is still held in the test fixture. For dual pressure tests, this output is test specific.
Reject Mark only activates during the exhaust timer following reject tests. It can be used to mark rejected parts while
the part is still held in the test fixture. For dual pressure tests, this output is test specific.

TEST LIMIT RESULT OUTPUT SIGNALS


These outputs activate only during the Exhaust Timer cycles to indicate the results of the test. For dual pressure tests,
these outputs are test specific and therefore must be selected within the test group to which they refer.

Below Low Limit activates to indicate that the test result was a value that was below the Low Limit leak setting.

Between Limits activates to indicate that the test result was a value that was between the Low and High leak setting.

Above High Limit activates to indicate that the test result was a value that was above the High Limit leak setting.

ADDITIONAL TEST OUTPUTS


For dual pressure tests, these outputs are part specific and therefore can be selected within either the first or second
group of four outputs.

The In Calibration output activates during the entire calibration process consisting of two test cycles of the master
part. This output would signal a PLC that the instrument is performing a calibration sequence.

Part Select Feedback is an echo signal for the Part Select input. This signal verifies to a PLC that the Sentinel M24
received the new part select request. The receipt and echo of the part selection must occur before the start of the testing
cycle. Make sure to allow sufficient time or use the RS232, RS485, or TCP/IP communication options to select the
part program.

Cont' SW Feedback is an echo signal for the Make-to-Continue input. This signal verifies to the PLC that the
Sentinel M24 received a Make to Continue input before the end of the fill cycle.

INPUT SIGNALS
The single input (START) and the programmable digital input (PART PRESENCE) input are the only available start
test options.

START initiates the testing cycle or Adv Seal output (if programmed). If Part Presence input is programmed, it must
be high to start the test cycle

STOP input is used to interrupt a test in progress for any reason. It immediately advances the test sequence to the
beginning of the exhaust cycle (exhaust 2 for version D or T) where it will complete the exhaust and Motion Clear
sequences.

Make-to-Continue Input This input must be made before the instrument completes the fill cycle to verify that an
outside action is completed.

Part Select This is the digital input method of remotely selecting the part program for a station. It requires a 100 ms
on, 100 ms off per part program to pulse part program changes. For example to select part program three requires three
on-off pulses of 100ms durations each to activate part program 3.

SENTINEL M24 13-2


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

The stop input must be held high during the pulse sequence, then pulled low for the part select sequence to complete. If
Part Sel Fdbk output is selected, it may be desirable to hold the stop high until feedback is complete. See Figure 87
Part Select Timing Example, below.

Figure 87 Part Select Timing Example

Auto Cal This input activates the Auto Cal routine (method - programmed within INSTR CONFIG). Start test
signal(s) are also required to start the Auto Cal routine.

Send RS-232 This input signals the instrument to send the test results for the specific station.

HOLD This input interrupts the normal programmed test cycle for the specific station until released.

Part Presence This input is a second input that must be made to start a test.

SENTINEL M24 13-3


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

0.5 seconds
Only if
AdvSeal
programmed

Figure 88 Single Pressure Test (version S or H) Output Timing Chart

SENTINEL M24 13-4


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

The Sentinel M24 instrument has high impedance, solid-state inputs. Therefore, prox sensors, solid-state palm buttons,
and other devices that have leakage current will require a pull down resistor (sized as required) across the input for
proper operation.

A 22k 0.5 Watt resistor is a typical value used as a pulldown resistor. The 16 input and the 16 output terminals are
24 VDC or 120 VAC depending on the power supplied to the instrument. Additional drain resistors across the inputs
may be required.

Figure 89 Input/Output Co-Processor Board

I/O Co-processor Board Connections

Main Power Entry & I/O Returns

Check instrument catalog number on the inside of the door. It will state either Sentinel M24-xA or Sentinel M24-xD.
A stands for 120 VAC and D stands for 24 VDC. If the instrument is specified as an AC unit, incoming power and
all I/O must 120 VAC. If the instrument is specified as a DC unit, incoming power and all I/O must be 24 VDC.

Use this connector for all incoming main power (either 24 VDC or 120 VAC depending on how the instrument was
specified. Use Supply Hot (9, 10, or 11), Neutral (12 or 13), and Chassis Ground (7 or 14) for the incoming power
connections of either 24 VDC or 120 VAC.

Supply for the digital inputs should come from the Switched Hot (2-4) only. If the Supply Hot is used, there is
potential for voltage to exist on the board when the power switch is turned off. Therefore, DO NOT USE SUPPLY
HOT for the digital inputs.

Return for the outputs should be connected to the neutral terminals (5, 6, 12, and 13).

SENTINEL M24 13-5


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

CONNECTOR PINOUT
1. Power Switch Return
2. Switched Hot (+24 VDC or 120 VAC)
3. Switched Hot (+24 VDC or 120 VAC)
4. Switched Hot (+24 VDC or 120 VAC)
5. Neutral (24 VDC or 120 VAC Return)
6. Neutral (24 VDC or 120 VAC Return)
7. Chassis Ground
8. Power Switch Supply
9. Supply Hot
10. Supply Hot
11. Supply Hot
12. Neutral (24 VDC or 120 VAC Return)
13. Neutral (24 VDC or 120 VAC Return)
14. Chassis Ground

RS-232 Hardwire Connection


This connector is a duplicate of the RS-232, 9 pin, D-sub connector on the front panel. It allows for a permanent RS-
232 internal connection to be wired; for example to a PLC for continuous process monitoring. If this feature is used,
we advise not using the front panel connector, as there is no electrical isolation between the two connection points.

CONNECTOR PINOUT
1. Transmit (Tx)
2. Receive (Rx)
3. Handshake In (HSHKin)
4. Handshake Out (HSHKout)
5. Return (Gnd)

Interboard Cable
Provides communication and power between each of the circuit boards. For the instrument to function
correctly all three connectors must be firmly installed. Loose connectors can potentially cause erratic and
undesired behavior.

Power Indicator
Provides convenient indicator of power to the circuit board set.

Co-processor Active Light


Provides indication of coprocessor activity. This light will typically pulse every second (on/off) to
indication normal co-processor operation.

Valve Driver Connection


Dedicated outputs for test valves. No connection should be made to these outputs except for the individual
test valves on each module, the connection pinout below is only provided as a reference for service and
installation of replacement parts. To utilize equivalent signals for external use (external valves, etc.) select
the appropriate programmable output in software and use the provided output terminals. Any connection to
these valve drivers other than that listed above will void the warranty. Since each manifold has potentially
different connections, each is listed below.

SENTINEL M24 13-6


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

CONNECTOR PINOUT

Pin Description S Manifold H Manifold D Manifold T Manifold

Module
Single Test

Module
Single Test

Dual Test Module

Dual Test Module


1 Supply Fill Valve Fill Valve Fill Fill
2 Return
3 Supply Isolation Isolation Isolation Isolation Valve
4 Return Valve Valve Valve
5 Supply Calibration Calibration Calibration Calibration
6 Return Valve Valve Valve 1 Valve 1
7 Supply Fill Valve Fill Valve Fill Fill

Module
Single Test

Module
Single Test
8 Return
9 Supply Isolation Isolation Unused Transducer
10 Return Valve Valve Isolation Valve
11 Supply Calibration Calibration Calibration Calibration
12 Return Valve Valve Valve 2 Valve 2

Input Terminals
Check instrument catalog number on the inside of the door. It will state either Sentinel M24-xA or Sentinel M24-xD.
A stands for 120 VAC and D stands for 24 VDC. If the instrument is specified as an AC unit, incoming power and
all I/O must 120 VAC. If the instrument is specified as a DC unit, incoming power and all I/O must be 24 VDC.

Programmable inputs are selected via software for a variety of options (see appropriate section). There are four inputs
for each test module. The inputs are labeled 1-16 and correspond with the numbering in software on the Digital Input
instrument screen. Use pins 2-4 Switched Hot (+24VDC or 120 VAC) on the Main Power Entry connector as the
supply for these inputs.

Input LED Indicators


These green LEDs illuminate whenever the input is in an active high (on) state. These are very useful during
instrument setup and troubleshooting to determine the status of a particular input. These are independent of the
software program setting (i.e. a LED will still light even if the selected input is disabled in software).

Output Terminals
Check instrument catalog number on the inside of the door. It will state either Sentinel M24-xA or Sentinel M24-xD.
A stands for 120 VAC and D stands for 24 VDC. If the instrument is specified as an AC unit, incoming power and
all I/O must 120 VAC. If the instrument is specified as a DC unit, incoming power and all I/O must be 24 VDC.

Programmable outputs are selected via software for a variety of options (see appropriate section). There are four
outputs for each test module. The outputs are labeled 1-16 and correspond with the numbering in software on the
Digital Output instrument screen. Use pins 5-6 or 12-13 Neutral (24V Return) on the Main Power Entry
connector as the return for these outputs.

Output LED Indicators


These red LEDs illuminate whenever the output is in an active high (on) state. These are very useful during instrument
setup and troubleshooting to determine the status of a particular output.

Main Fuse
The main fuse provides overload protection for all internal components. The switched hot connections, valve wiring,
and output terminals all fall under the protection of this fuse. If a replacement is needed, we recommend Littlefuse part
number 215010; 10A 250V, time lag fuse.

Output Fuse
The output terminals are fused in groups of four (1-4, 5-8, 9-12, and 13-16). If a replacement is needed, we
recommend Schurter part number 0034.6018; 2.5A 250V, fast acting fuse.

SENTINEL M24 13-7


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

Internal Power Supply/Jumper Connection


On the 120V model instrument, there is an internal power supply installed below the main circuit board tiers. This
provides 24V for low voltage components within the instrument.

On the 24V model instrument, no internal power supply is necessary, and a small jumper connector is installed. Do not
remove this connector because the instrument will not function without it.

The pinout is provided as a reference for service and installation of replacement components. Do not use these
terminals for any other connection.

CONNECTOR PINOUT
1. L1 Hot
2. Chassis Ground
3. 24V supply
4. L2 Neutral
5. Chassis Ground
6. 24V return

Important Note: This circuit board is utilized in a number of product families. There may be, at any point in time, a
number of unused connectors for a particular application. Do not connect to any other terminals on the board than
those listed above, as there may be undesired results (and a void of the manufacturer warranty).

Figure 90 Analog Master Board (bottom tier)

SENTINEL M24 13-8


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

ANALOG MASTER BOARD CONNECTIONS

Ethernet
Provides Ethernet communications for remote process monitoring and system updates. This is an industry standard RJ-
45 connector following IEEE 802.3
(10Base-T).

RS-485
Provides multi-drop communications for a cluster of instruments. This is a recommended standard RJ-12 connector
with the following terminals.

CONNECTOR PINOUT
1. Transmit A (TxA)
2. Common (Gnd)
3. Transmit B (TxB)
4. Receive A (RxA)
5. Common (Gnd)
6. Receive B (RxB)

Interboard Cable
Provides communication and power between each of the circuit boards. For the instrument to function correctly all
three connectors must be firmly installed. Loose connectors could potentially cause erratic and undesired behavior.

Transducer(s) Connector for Pressure Decay


Provides for a 10V excitation, 100mV signal return pressure transducer. If a custom transducer is used, it must not
generate more than a 100mV signal. The colors in parenthesis correspond to the PDCR1000 series Druck transducer
wiring.

CONNECTOR PINOUT
1. Positive Supply (Red)
2. Positive Output (Yellow)
3. Negative Output (Blue)
4. Negative Supply (White)
5. Shield (braid)
6. Unused
7. Unused

Test Points Connector


Provides useful probe points for service and troubleshooting.

CONNECTOR PINOUT
1. Module 1 Analog Pressure Transducer (0-10 VDC)
2. Module 1 Analog Thermistor (0-10 VDC)
3. Module 1 Analog Flow Sensor (0-10 VDC)
4. Module 1 Analog Utility Input (0-10 VDC)
5. Module 2 Analog Pressure Transducer (0-10 VDC)
6. Module 2 Analog Thermistor (0-10 VDC)
7. Module 2 Analog Flow Sensor (0-10 VDC)
8. Module 2 Analog Utility Input (0-10 VDC)
9. Module 3 Analog Pressure Transducer (0-10 VDC)
10. Module 3 Analog Thermistor (0-10 VDC)
11. Module 3 Analog Flow Sensor (0-10 VDC)
12. Module 3 Analog Utility Input (0-10 VDC)

SENTINEL M24 13-9


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

13. Module 4 Analog Pressure Transducer (0-10 VDC)


14. Module 4 Analog Thermistor (0-10 VDC)
15. Module 4 Analog Flow Sensor (0-10 VDC)
16. Module 4 Analog Utility Input (0-10 VDC)
17. Analog Ground
18. Analog Ground
19. A/D Clock - 60Hz (0-5 VDC)
20. Unused

Backup Battery
Button battery provides uninterrupted memory for storage of test parameters, counters, and test results.

Important Note: This circuit board is utilized in a number of product families. There may be, at any point in time, a
number of unused connectors for a particular application. Do not connect to any other terminals on the board than
those listed above, as there may be undesired results (and a void of the manufacturer warranty).

Figure 91 VFD Co-processor Board

VFD CO-PROCESSOR BOARD CONNECTIONS


Test Light 1-2 Connections and Test Light 3-4 Connections
Test 1, 2, 3, and 4 indicators (Green, Red, and Amber) are connected according to the following pinout. These
terminals are customized for the designated LEDs, do not connect any other indicator lamp to these terminals.

CONNECTION PINOUT (ST1 for 1-2) and (ST2 for 3-4)


1. Red (test 1) 1. Red test 3)
2. Black (test 1) 2. Black (test 3)
3. Green (test 1) 3. Green (test 3)
4. Red (test 2) 4. Red test 4)
5. Black (test 2) 5. Black (test 4)
6. Green (test 2) 6. Green (test 4)

VFD Power Connection


Provides power to VFD display.

SENTINEL M24 13-10


CHAPTER 13 DIGITAL INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

VFD Signal Connection


Data cable connection to VFD display

Interboard Cable
Provides communication and power between each of the circuit boards. For the instrument to function correctly all
three connectors must be firmly installed. Loose connectors could potentially cause erratic and undesired behavior.

Program Active Light


Provides indication of flash card activity. This light will illuminate when reading from the flash card during firmware
downloads.

Program Socket
Provides location for flash card to download firmware revisions.

Keypad Connector
Connector for 14 pin keypad matrix.

Co-processor Active Light


Provides indication of coprocessor activity. This light will typically pulse every second (on/off) to indication normal
co-processor operation.

Important Note: This circuit board is utilized in a number of product families. There may be, at any point in time, a
number of unused connectors for a particular application. Do not connect to any other terminals on the board than
those listed above, as there may be undesired results (and a void of the manufacturer warranty).

VACU U M FLU O RESCEN T DISPLAY


(M ounted on Encloure Lid)

VFD JU M PER
SW ITCH SETTIN GS

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

SW 1
ON

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

SW1
CN5

ON

VFD PO W ER
CO N N ECTIO N
CN6

VFD DATA
CO N N ECTO R
CN1

CN4

VFD PCB

Figure 92 Vacuum Fluorescent Display

SENTINEL M24 13-11


CHAPTER 14 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

CHAPTER 14 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE


PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Calibrate instrument periodically when:

- Changing model of parts being tested


- After an idle period when temperature conditions of the part or production environment have changed.

Highly recommend the use of Process Drift Correction discussed in the Process Drift Correction (Zero
shift) on page 6-2. Process Drift Correction will continuously monitor and correct for cyclical changes in the
manufacturing environment that affect the calibration parameters of the test. For most applications Process
Drift Correction will save calibration time by greatly reducing the need to calibrate the instrument to the part
and reduce the number of false accepts and rejects due to cyclical changes in the test environment.

Periodically conduct visual check of clear air line going into inlet port of instrument for dirt or water.

Conduct Self Test on pneumatics periodically to verify integrity of internal pneumatics.

Tighten the torque screws on fill/exhaust, isolation, and calibration valves to 8 - 10 in-lb. and check transducer
and orifice holder.

- after one month of operation

Replace inlet air filters (5.0 and 0.3 micron) - quarterly


Re-certify orifice (every 6 months or annually) - return orifice to CTS for re-certification.
Clean the front panel with a damp cloth and dry thoroughly - Do not use solvents.

All the unique parts supplied by Cincinnati Test Systems including operator panel, electronics, and pneumatics are
specific to the Sentinel M24 and should be supplied solely by CTS or our authorized service agents.

UPLOADING PROGRAM SOFTWARE


If changes are required in the operating software of the instrument, it is easy to perform an upload of new software. On
the VFD Co-processor board which is mounted on the back of the instrument door, there is a program socket See
Figure 91 VFD Co-processor Board on page 13-10 for details.

Figure 93 Program socket on VFD Co-processor board


1. Turn the instrument power off and open the instrument door.
2. There is a Boot Flash Write Protect Jumper (JP1) on the board that must be positioned in WREN to allow
write to flash memory. See Figure 91 VFD Co-processor Board on page 13-10 for pin setting.
3. Gently plug the new flash chip with the update software into the program socket. DO NOT SHUT THE
INSTRUMENT DOOR BECAUSE THE FLASH CHIP MAY IMPACT A VALVE AND BREAK THE
CHIP AND CIRCUIT BOARD.

SENTINEL M24 14-1


CHAPTER 14 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

4. Turn the power on. The software update routine will begin automatically. There will be a series of messages
on the operator screen. At the completion of the upload process, the instrument will display a completion
message.
5. Turn the power off.
6. Gently remove the flash chip.
7. Move the JP1 jumper to PROT position.
8. Cycle the power on and verify that the new software number appears on the boot up screen.

SPARE PARTS
Pressure Transducer Assembly
(Includes transducer, connector cable, and 108 O-ring.)

SENTINEL-M24-TRANS ASSY 0-20 Vacuum and 5 psi


SENTINEL-M24-TRANS ASSY 0-45 30 psi
SENTINEL-M24-TRANS ASSY 0-115 100 psi
SENTINEL-M24-TRANS ASSY 0-215 200 psi

Regulator Assembly
(Includes regulator and mounting screws)

SENTINEL-M24-REGULATOR ERLOW 1-12 in H2O


SENTINEL-M24-REGULATOR ERLOW-V 1-12 in H2O vacuum

SENTINEL-M24- REGULATOR VAC VAC-2 psi


SENTINEL-M24-REGULATOR 15 0.5 - 15 psi

SENTINEL-M24-REGULATOR 30 1-30 psi


SENTINEL-M24-REGULATOR 100 1-100 psi
SENTINEL-M24-REGULATOR 200 2-200 psi

Electronic Circuit Board Set


(I/O and computer boards with necessary assembly hardware)
SENTINELM24-CIRCUIT BOARD KIT-24 VDC
Input/Output Co-processor board
Analog Master Board
VFD Co-Processor Board
VFD Display

Pneumatic Manifold Block (Pneumatic block and all hardware fittings). Does not include transducer, valves, valve
wiring harness, orifice, or regulator..

M24-MANIFOLD ASSY S
M24-MANIFOLD ASSY H
M24-MANIFOLD ASSY D
M24-MANIFOLD ASSY T

Valves (Replacement valves including O-rings and mounting screws. Specify part number on valve,

SENTINELM24-OrifVALVE ASSY (orifice isolation valve)


SENTINELM24-fillVALVE ASSY (fill/exhaust valve for 5, 15, 30, 100 and vacuum psi)
SENTINELM24-HiPFill-VALVE ASSY (fill/exhaust valve for 200psi)

Fuse Kit (three total, of two different fuses)

Quick Connect fitting for part test line

COUPLING-M24

SENTINEL M24 14-2


CHAPTER 14 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

Self Test Cap Assembly for Sentinel M24 instrument


(Cable and Quick connect plug)

M24-SELF TEST KIT

Orifice Assembly - 1% of specified value


(Specify pressure and leak rate)

SENTINEL M24-ORIFICE & HOLDER

Extra Operator Manuals

SENTINEL M24-MANUAL

SERVICES
Instrument Refurbishment
(Includes new valves if needed, manifold cleaning, O-rings, and orifice re-certification. All components are inspected
for damage and wear. Instrument is functionally tested to original specifications. Includes 1year warranty.)

SENTINEL M24 14-3


CHAPTER 15 ERROR MESSAGES

CHAPTER 15 ERROR MESSAGES


Error messages appear on the operator screen whenever an improper function occurs. On the MONITOR screen, the
error message will appear on the line next to the part name where the bar chart appears. When any other screen like
PART CONFIG, INSTR CONFIG, etc. is active, the error message will appear on the bottom line of the screen. This
error message will first identify the station number and then the error message.

COMMUNICATION ERRORS
Could not find IrDA Link - When a download via the IrDA link is selected within the INSTR CONFIG,
communication commands, and the Sentinel M24 does not receive a signal from the PDA, first it will display this error
message. Check to make sure that the PDA infrared port is aimed at the IrDA port on the Sentinel M24 panel and that
a character was sent to the Sentinel M24. Send a ? followed by a Carriage Return from the PDA to the Sentinel M24
to initiate the IrDA link.

Send Email Error - The Sentinel M24 instrument tried to send an email message via the internet and could not find
the server. Make sure the email address is correct. Check to make sure that the instrument is connected to a working
service.

CALIBRATION ERRORS
Calib must - para changed - Changes were made to test timers in Part Config. Recalibration is required . Initiate the
AUTO CAL routine. The error message appears only once for five seconds before starting the first test after making
changes to one of three timers.

Not Allowed in AutoCal - Operator tried to open the orifice valve within the SELF TEST, Open orifice routine while
in the Auto Cal routine. No other operations that affect the Auto Cal routine are allowed while in Auto Cal.

Edit not allowed - Operator tried to edit a part parameter or station setup parameter while the station was conducting a
test. Editing of part parameters or station setup parameters is not allowed while testing a part because it may affect
how a test is conducted.

No tests in Edit mode - A start test input signal was received while a part parameter or station parameter for the
selected station was being edited. Discontinue automatic operation of the selected test station while editing parameters
for the affected station.

Bad Calib Value - Improper values are entered for parameters like lo lim and hi lim. The hi lim must be greater than
the lo lim.

Rej loss < no leak loss - The measured pressure loss in the first test of the AUTO CAL routine exceeded the pressure
loss for the second test (the no-leak part loss exceeded the pressure loss measured for the part with the leak orifice
added). Check the calibrated orifice for blockage. Check TIMERS for sufficient time to properly stabilize part for test
and sufficient time to differentiate good and bad parts. Check that pressure setting does not exceed range of the
transducer. Increase the relax timer.

No Leak Los > Max Cal Los - The measured pressure loss during the first test of Auto Cal (No Leak Loss) is greater
than the Max Cal Loss setting found in PART CONFIG, pressures. Max Cal Loss is a calibration protection
setting. It protects against calibrating to a leaking part or leaking fixture. Make sure that the test system is leak free
and a leak free master part is being used for calibration. Perform a SELF TEST. Make sure that the Max Cal Loss is
set appropriately following a good calibration.

Orifice Los > Max Cal Los - The measured pressure loss during the second test of Auto Cal (orifice loss) is greater
than the Max Cal Loss setting found in PART CONFIG, pressures. Max Cal Loss is a calibration protection setting. It
protects against calibrating to a leaking part or leaking fixture. Make sure that the test system is leak free and a leak
free master part is being used for calibration. Perform a SELF TEST. Make sure that the Max Cal Loss is set
appropriately following a good calibration.

Hi Lim Los > Max Cal Los - The calculated pressure loss for the Hi Lim Loss completed at the end of the Auto Cal
routine is greater than the Max Cal Loss setting found in PART CONFIG, pressures. Max Cal Loss is a calibration
protection setting. It protects against calibrating to a leaking part or leaking fixture. Make sure that the test system is

SENTINEL M24 15-1


CHAPTER 15 ERROR MESSAGES

leak free and a leak free master part is being used for calibration. Perform a SELF TEST. Check to make sure that the
Hi Lim parameter was not changed to a higher value. Make sure that the Max Cal Loss is set appropriately following a
good calibration.

Max Cal Loss Error


During the AUTO CAL routine, the measured pressure loss for either No Leak Loss or 2nd Test Press Loss exceeded
the Max Cal Loss setting under PRESS.

Min Cal Ratio Error


The calculated Cal Ratio at the end of the Auto Cal routine was less than the MIN CAL RATIO set in Part
Configuration. Min Cal Ratio is a calibration protection setting. It protects against having an unacceptable ratio of No
Leak Loss to Hi Lim Loss. This is caused by a leaking master part, plugged orifice, or insufficient fill, stabilization or
test time.

BEGINNING TEST ERRORS


Digital input STOP is ON - The Stop test input is high when the instrument receives the start test input(s). Check the
stop test input for a short. Check for an obstruction on the stop test pushbutton.

Start too soon after stop - A start input signal was received before the instrument completed exhausting the part and
resetting from the stopped test. The instrument requires a 100 ms delay after the end of the exhaust timer.

Both test skipped - When editing the part programs in PART CONFIG, features setup for a dual pressure test
(manifold version D or T), both the first and second test are programmed to skip. Skipping both tests is not an option.
Change the setup to skip one or none of the tests.

No Station is Ready - Within the INSTR CONFIG, station setup all the station are set to OFF. At least one station
must be set to Pressure Decay.

No Tests in Edit Mode When a station is in the Test Mode, no exit functions are allowed. Wait for all tests to stop or
push START ALL STATIONS button.

STOP key pushed - The STOP button or STOP TEST remote signal aborted a test before the test cycle was complete.

PART PRESENCE ERRORS


Part Not Present - When the instrument received the start test signal, the Part Presence input was not high. Check to
see if a part is in the test fixture. Check alignment of part presence sensor to make sure it recognizes the presence of a
part in the test fixture. Check INSTR CONFIG, digital inputs to make sure that Part Presence is proper selected.

IN TEST ERRORS
Test Pressure Low - The measured test pressure did not stay above the minimum test pressure during the fill timer.
Check for big leaks in the part. Check for damaged seals. Check regulator setting for proper pressure. Make sure
supply air is 10 psi greater than test pressure.

Test Pressure high - The measured test pressure exceeded the maximum test pressure limit at the end of stabilization.
Check the regulator setting. Check for blockage in test line. Check maximum test pressure value.

Cont SW did not go low - After the end of test, the Make to Continue input stayed high. The Make to Continue input
is a selectable input to verify that an event occurred before the end of the fill cycle. This input must go high before the
end of fill and go off at the end of exhaust. Check the input for proper operation.

Cont SW did not go high - The Make to Continue input is a selectable input to verify that an event occurred before the
end of the fill cycle. This input must go high before the end of fill. Check the input for proper operation.

Severe Leak! - The measured test pressure did not exceed the minimum test pressure within the pre-fill timer or stay
above minimum test pressure during stabilization timer. Check for big leaks in the part. Check for damaged seals.
Check regulator setting for proper pressure. Make sure supply air is 10 psi greater than test pressure.

SENTINEL M24 15-2


CHAPTER 15 ERROR MESSAGES

TRANSDUCER CALIBRATION ERRORS


Use at least half of span - When performing a transducer calibration check, the second part which adjusts the span
should use a pressure that greater than 50% of the transducer span. For example if the transducer has a range of 115
psia, the pressure used to check the calibration should be at least 50 psig. If all the programmed part pressure ranges
are under 50%, adjust the regulator to a pressure greater than 50% of the span when checking the transducer span.

M24 & Gage values too off - The pressure value input for the gage reading is either 20% greater or 20% less than the
Sentinel M24 pressure reading. The Sentinel M24 is not capable of adjusting for such a large discrepancy in pressure
values. Make sure that the correct range is selected for the transducer in the INSTR CONFIG, instrument setup. Make
sure that the external gage is operating properly. Check transducer for proper operation.

Transducer zero bad - Upon system startup or at the start of each test the Sentinel M24 compares the transducer
output against the transducers zero range determined in SELF TEST, Check Transducer. Possible problems are: the
transducer zero is drifting or air is trapped at the transducer. Check transducer zero. Check pneumatics for blockage,
which is prohibiting venting the part through the fill/exhaust valve.

SENTINEL M24 15-3


CHAPTER 16 SPECIFICATIONS

CHAPTER 16 SPECIFICATIONS
Precision pressure regulator (bleeding)
Ranges: 0.5 to 15, 1 to 30, 2 to 100, 10 to 200 psi and
0.5 to 14.7 psiv
Holds pressure to +0.25 in. water column (0.01 psi)
Low range: 1.0 to 13 inches H2O (0.036 to 0.47 psi) pressure or vacuum

Absolute pressure transducer


Ranges: 20, 45, 115, and 215 psia

Test valves on pneumatic test manifold


Solenoid valves: Ultra low heat gain activated by pulse modulated outputs in manifold version S, D and T

Pilot operated cartridge valves with five times greater


Cv factor and long cycle life in manifold version H.

Calibration system: NIST traceable calibrated leak standard (1% accuracy) sized to within 0 and +5% of specified
reject leak limit

Outputs: Mechanical relays, 120 VAC or 24 VDC depending on the supply power to the instrument. The sourcing
outputs are fused in groups of four at 2.5 amps.

Test sequence outputs:


In test Pre-fill timer Fill Timer
StabTimer Test Timer Exhaust timer
Test result outputs:
Part Accept Part Reject Test Accept
Test Reject Accept mark Reject mark

Selectable outputs:
In test Part Select Fdbk Cont SW fdbk
In Auto Cal
Limits outputs:
>High Limit <Low Limit Between Limits

Total output capability: Outputs are fused for 2.5 amps in groups of four, fuse for total output is 10 amps.

Control inputs: 120 VAC or 24 VDC depending on supply power. All inputs are sinking.

Start test Stop/release

Selectable Inputs

Part Present to Start Make to Continue HOLD


Auto Cal Send RS232 Part select

Remote part test program selection:

Programmable part selection option


Pulse train input (0.1 sec-on, 0.1 sec-off, per part number)
RS232, RS485, IrDA, or TCP/IP input with part number code

Communication input/output:
Serial output to printer or portable computer
9600 baud No parity 8 bits 1 stop bit none
57600 baud

SENTINEL M24 16-1


CHAPTER 16 SPECIFICATIONS

IrDA port on operator terminal


9600 baud No parity 8 bits 1 stop bit hardware

RS232 port on operator terminal (Nine-pin) or internal screw terminals next to power input terminals used to
communicate to a serial printer or a computer.
Baud rates of 9600 and 57600

RS485 internal port on lower CPU board used to communicate with a computer.
Baud rate of 57600

TCP/IP internal port on lower CPU board used to communicate with a computer

Dimensions:

Nema 12 industrial enclosure


Material of construction: case aluminum, painted

8"H x 17"W x 12"D

Weight: 30 - 40 lbs. (Single to four station instrument)

Environmental Conditions:
Indoor use only
Maximum altitude: 2000 m
Operating temperature: 5C (41F) to 40 C (109 F)
Maximum relative humidity: 80% up to 31C decreasing linearly to 50% at 40C
Installation category II
Pollution category II

Declaration of Conformity (ALL models only)


Conforms to protection requirements of Council Directive 89/336/EEC: 3 May 1989, as amended, relating to
Electromagnetic Compatibility, by the application of the following EMC standard:

EN61010 Electrical Safety


EN50081-2 ENC (Radiated)
EN50082-2 ENC (Radiated immunity and Electrostatic Discharge)

Electrical rating: 120 V (+10%), 60 Hz, 6 A or 24 volts DC, 4 A


Varies by number of stations and output signals

Fuses: On Input/Output Co-Processor board


Main: 250 V, 10.0 A time lag fuse
Outputs: 250 V, 2.5 A Quick Acting for each group of 4

Supply rating
S1 and S2 for test air
250 psi max or at least 10 psi greater than test pressure
Vacuum supply for vacuum pressure version: 14.7 psiv
Pilot air (PI) for H manifolds
Regulated to a minimum of 60 psi or 10 psi higher than the test pressure on H manifolds

Test connector: Expected pressure 200 psi (or vacuum at 14.7 psiv)

SENTINEL M24 16-2


CHAPTER 17 OPTIMIZING THE TEST PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER 17 OPTIMIZING THE TEST PERFORMANCE


Optimal test performance is a compromise between obtaining the best acceptable repeatability and using the least
amount of time.
Improved repeatability usually requires longer time cycles. There are several ways to optimize the repeatability of your
leak test. The following are techniques or rules of thumb that should be considered when you are fine tuning your
new instrument. It is important to utilize one or several master parts described earlier (Master calibration part) for the
optimization process. Parts can become hardened and cause different results when tested repetitively or without
sufficient relax time between tests. Also, check the test pneumatics to make sure that they are leak free per description
earlier (Verify integrity of test circuit and master part).

Volume
The laws of physics require that test volume and test accuracy be inversely related. It is always in your best interest,
therefore, to reduce the volume of the test part, test lines, and tooling that are in the test circuit. Some possibilities
include:

- Use filler blocks when possible to reduce the internal (test) volume of the part.
- Mount the instrument as close to the test part as possible
- Use the smallest diameter test line possible (as long as the pre-fill or fill time does not have to increase).

Tooling and Processes


Unreliable fixtures and improper part sealing is by far the biggest cause of unconfirmed rejects and poor repeatability.
Seals should be made of cut resistant urethane. The durometer value (typically 60-70) of the urethane must be carefully
selected for the application. It should be as hard as possible while being able to reliably seal on the part seal surface.
The seal holder cannot allow the seal to creep (slowly move) during test. Tooling cannot deform the part during test or
artificially help seal the part. The tooling pressure must be great enough so that it overcomes the counter force in the
part when it is pressurized for the test.

The test line should be made of 2000 psi Parker tubing or similar with the shortest length and smallest diameter (1/4" or
1/8") as possible. The instrument should be mounted above the part to keep contamination away from the test
pneumatics.

Isolate the test system from sources of warm or cold air (radiant heaters, air conditioning ducts, loading docks, fans,
etc.). They change the temperature of the part, causing the test pressure to fluctuate. Test Parts should soak at room
temperature before testing to assure consistent test performance.

Cycle time
The easiest way to improve repeatability performance is to increase the total cycle time. Total cycle time includes Pre-
fill + Fill + Stab + Test + Exhaust timers. Unfortunately, there usually is a limit on allowed cycle time due to
production thru-put requirements. In general, since longer test cycle times almost always improve performance, you
should extend the total test cycle time to the maximum allowed to meet production.

Pre-fill Timer
The value of this timer does not affect the overall time cycle for the test. The actual time it takes to get to the Min
Press does add to the overall time. Therefore, there is little to optimize here. For large parts, adding an external fill
valve through a larger test line can reduce the time it takes to reach Min Test Press because it will get air into the part
faster. The H manifold configuration offers a Cv valve factor that is 5 times higher than the standard valves. This
configuration will fill and exhaust part faster.

Exhaust Timer
This timer does add to the overall time cycle. Observe the time it takes for the part to exhaust down to 3 psi. Set the
exhaust timer as close to this time as possible. One shortcut to exhaust large parts faster is to add a normally closed,
larger orifice valve (0.25 inch or greater) externally to the test line. Wire this valve to the selectable Exhaust output.
The part will now exhaust through both the external valve and the internal fill/exhaust valve. This valve must be leak
tight because it is now a part of the test circuit and therefore will be leak tested during each test.

Test Time
Performance can often be improved by removing time from the Fill and Stabilization timers and putting this time into
the Test timer, (this is especially true when the test time is less than 5 seconds). To determine if this strategy will help,
look at the No-leak Loss value in the PART CONFIG, pressure routine. If the No-Leak Loss value is very small
(<0.0010 psi) or the CAL RATIO (1 - No-Leak Loss/High Limit Loss) is greater than 0.5, we would expect better

SENTINEL M24 17-1


CHAPTER 17 OPTIMIZING THE TEST PERFORMANCE

performance by increasing the test time at the expense of fill/stab times. Similarly, if the No-Leak Loss is more than
75% of the High Limit Loss (and especially if these numbers are greater than 0.050), then you should increase the
Fill and Stab time (at the expense of the test time if necessary).

Ideal Example: For a medium or large part


No-Leak Loss < 0.0010
High Limit Loss > 0.0250
CAL RATIO > 0.96
Conditions are rarely this good for testing. It would be possible to reduce the Fill/Stab timers to increase production
throughput.

Realistic Example: For a large part


No-Leak Loss 0.221
High Limit Loss 0.241
CAL RATIO 0.08
This calibration should be improved. There is very little difference between No-Leak Loss and High Limit Loss
when compared to the "No Leak Loss". It will take some trial and error work here to find the optimal setting.
Reducing the Fill and Stab timers and increasing the Test timer will make No-Leak Loss larger but increase
the difference between No-Leak Loss and High Limit Loss. For instance -
No-Leak Loss 0.289
High Limit Loss 0.340
CAL RATIO 0.15
Because the ratio is larger, the calibration is enhanced. Continue to increase Test timer at the expense of the Fill/Stab
timers until the ratio starts to decline. Ideally try to reach the maximum ratio possible.

Min Cal Ratio


After a satisfactory calibration has been completed with a Cal Ratio that provides good repeatability, set the Min Cal
Ratio within the PART CONFIG, Pressures function to a value that is 5 to 10% below the Cal Ratio. This will prevent
future calibrations from being accepted if an unsatisfactory change occurs in the system. Problems like a leaking
master part or fixture, plugged orifice or malfunctioning cal valve, or altered test timers may change the calibration to
an unacceptable level.

SENTINEL M24 17-2


CHAPTER 18 WARRANTY-SENTINEL INSTRUMENTS

CHAPTER 18 WARRANTY-SENTINEL INSTRUMENTS


ACCEPTANCE OF PROPOSAL
All proposals, quotations and sales of Cincinnati Test Systems, Inc. (CTS) (i) Products, (ii) custom-engineered test systems,
instrumentation and equipment and/or (iii) standard test machines (collectively Products or Product) are governed by these terms
and conditions of sale. Acceptance by CTS of Buyers Order or Buyers acceptance of CTS proposal is expressly limited to and
conditioned upon Buyers acceptance of, and assent to, these terms and conditions. Any additional, inconsistent or different terms and
conditions contained in Buyers purchase order or other documents submitted by Buyer to CTS at any time, whether before or after the
date hereof, are hereby expressly rejected by CTS. Buyer acknowledges that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in its
purchase order or other documents, receipt and acceptance by Buyer of the Products shall constitute acceptance by Buyer of these
terms and conditions. All orders are subject to acceptance in writing by CTS at its office at 5555 Dry Fork Road, Cleves, Ohio
45002.
SHIPMENT
CTS reserves the right to designate the method and means of shipment. All Products will be shipped F.O.B. the CTS plant, Cleves,
Ohio. Title, right of possession (unless liens are imposed), and all risk of loss or damage shall pass to Buyer and delivery shall deem
to be completed, upon delivery of Products to the carrier, its agent or designee.
ACCEPTANCE OF PRODUCTS
Unless notice of defect, nonconformity or disparity in quantity (as compared to shipping manifest) is received by CTS within thirty
(30) days from receipt of the Products by Buyer, the Products shall be deemed to be accepted by Buyer.
All quotations or proposals are for a gauged system for measuring production parts in a production environment. Performance of the
custom engineered test systems will be tested and documented with a standard Gage R&R study performed at CTS as part of run-off
procedures prior to shipment. Such testing and qualification is independent of any Buyer part variation or production environment
variables. Unless expressly stated to the contrary, quotations do not include time for Process Capability Studies using production
parts. CTS will ensure that fixturing will not introduce unacceptable variations in the testing process.
For custom-engineered test systems, Buyer will be given two weeks advance notification of the intended run-off date. At such time,
Buyer may inspect the Products. After inspection and acceptance by Buyers representative, the Products will be shipped and
payment will be due as quoted. If Buyer elects to waive the inspection, the Products will be deemed to have met the Buyers
requirements and the Products will be shipped and payment will be due as quoted.
CANCELLATION
Buyers purchase order, when accepted by CTS, shall not, for any reason, be canceled in whole or in part by Buyer without CTS prior
written consent. If CTS consents to cancellation, Buyer shall pay CTS reimbursement for all the applicable costs incurred and the
reasonable allowance for profit as stated by CTS in its written consent to cancellation by Buyer.

DRAWINGS, SCHEMATICS AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS


Standard electrical and pneumatic schematic prints and one copy of Operating Instructions are provided for each Product.
ENGINEERING CHANGES
If Buyer requires changes to be made to the Products, once a design of the Product is proposed and accepted, the additional
engineering time, material and shop time required for fabrication as a result of the change will be subject to negotiation and additional
charges will be invoiced accordingly for the negotiated amount.
OSHA
The Products will be designed and manufactured to meet CTS interpretation of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).
Specific Buyer requirements are not included as part of any quotation or proposal unless the specified requirements were included in
the request for quotation or proposal. After a quotation or proposal is submitted, any other requirements shall be a supplement to the
quotation or proposal or be the subject of a new contract, and the price for such requirements shall be subject to negotiation. While
the Products have been designed to conform to CTS interpretation of applicable OSHA standards, such compliance is neither
warranted nor guaranteed. Compliance with OSHA requirements is the sole responsibility of Buyer, and CTS assumes no
responsibility for damages suffered by Buyer relative to compliance with OSHA regulations.
SOUND LEVELS
Sound levels produced by the Products quoted or proposed will not exceed 80 dba when measured at the operators position and three
feet around the perimeter of the Products. When sound levels exceed 80 dba due to the characteristics of the part being assembled or
tested, special provisions which are not part of the initial quotation or proposal will be made wherever possible to reduce the sound
level. Such alterations to reduce sound level will be charged to Buyer separately. In the event of a conflict between noise
specifications and preferred equipment, design specification waivers must be granted. When the Instrument is of a design or
manufacture which may be subject to state or municipal ordinances or insurance company regulations, such Products will be designed
and manufactured in accordance with generally accepted practices and will be adequately tested. Unless expressly stated in the
quotation or proposal, the Products will not be designed or manufactured to conform to any particular ordinance or regulation.
CTS assumes no liability for the failure of the products to comply with any particular ordinance or regulation unless the
quotation or proposal expressly warrants that the products will conform to said ordinance or regulation. It is the
responsibility of the buyer upon inspection at the CTS facility to inform CTS of nonconformance with a particular safety or
design standard. Upon inspection by buyer or waiver of inspection by buyer, CTS is released from any and all liability for
failure of the equipment to conform to safety or design standards.

SENTINEL M24 18-1


CHAPTER 18 WARRANTY-SENTINEL INSTRUMENTS

WARRANTY
CTS warrants that the Products, under normal and proper use, shall be free from defects in material and workmanship that impair its
usefulness, for a period of twelve (12) months from the date of shipment. Other manufacturers component parts installed in or on the
Products are products of reputable manufacturers sold to CTS under their respective brand or trade names and shall carry the standard
guarantee of the manufacturer thereof, if any, and CTS shall not be responsible for any defective part thereof.
All tests performed on Buyers manufactured products are performed pursuant to the Buyers specifications for its manufactured
products, and by performing such tests CTS shall not assume any liability for defects in such manufactured products, test data or test
specifications. Buyer has ultimate responsibility for the safety of Buyers manufactured product, including establishment of leak
standards. It is Buyers obligation to report any suspected defect as soon as possible after discovery. Support service will be provided
as soon as practicable to work with Buyers personnel to remedy a suspected defect. If a service person is required to visit Buyers
site, a purchase order from Buyer to CTS will be required to cover the cost of such service call in the event that the item serviced is
not covered by the applicable warranty. No on-site service is available for standard test machines unless the cost is prepaid by Buyer.
If support service is not successful in correcting the problem, the Products shall be returned to CTS at Buyers cost. Products may not
be returned without obtaining prior authorization from CTS. All Products returned for warranty inspection must be securely packaged
and shipped prepaid. The Products will be inspected upon receipt for shipping damage and Buyer shall be notified by CTS if such
damage has occurred. In the event of damage, it is Buyers responsibility to notify and file damage claims with the delivery company.
After receipt of Products at the CTS facility in Cleves, Ohio, and inspection by CTS, CTS will determine the extent or existence of
defect.
CTS obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or replacing, at CTS option, any defective non-consumable parts.
Consumable parts are specifically excluded from this warranty, including but not limited to lamps, elastomers, seals, valve seats, and
other wear surfaces. This warranty is conditioned upon Buyer furnishing satisfactory evidence that the Products alleged to be
defective has been properly maintained and correctly operated under normal conditions with competent supervision and within the
operating limits for which such Products are offered and sold. This warranty shall not apply to any Product that has been subjected to
misuse, abuse, neglect or improper storage, handling or maintenance, or modifications or repairs by any party other than CTS. The
installation of the Products must include proper filter and moisture separation on the incoming air supply. Repairs required to remove
foreign material from the valves or test circuit will not be covered under the terms of this warranty.
Except as expressly stated in this warranty section, CTS makes no warranty, express or implied, whether of merchantibility or
fitness for a particular purpose or use or otherwise, with respect to any products.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
In no event shall CTS be liable for special, indirect, incidental or consequential damages, whether in contract, tort, negligence, strict
liability or otherwise, including without limitation damages for injury to person or property, lost profits or revenue, lost sales or loss
arising from or pertaining to the use of any Products. Buyers sole and exclusive remedy against CTS and its distributors or sales
representatives shall be the repair or replacement of defective parts as provided herein. CTS liability on any claim, whether in
contracts, tort, negligence, strict liability or otherwise, for any loss or damage arising out of or in connection with Buyers order, shall
in no case exceed the purchase price of the Products actually paid to CTS by Buyer.
SAFETY
Buyer hereby covenants that the Products sold hereunder shall be operated by Buyers employees and agents utilizing all guards,
warning signs and other safety devices that are provided with or are a part of the Products. In addition to any other rights CTS may
have against Buyer for breach of this covenant, no warranty on the Products whatever, expressed or implied, shall be applicable in the
event such covenant is breached. Buyer further agrees: (i) that disconnections, disassembly or nonuse of any of the guards, warning
signs or other safety devices provided with or which are part of the Products constitute a substantial change in the Products; and (ii)
that it shall indemnify and hold harmless CTS from all claims for damages and injuries made by any and all parties through the use of
such substantially changed Products.
INSTALLATION AND SERVICE
If CTS personnel are required to supervise, check installation, make adjustments, inspect or repair Products in the field, there will be
charges based on the then current hourly rate for in-plant time plus travel time and travel and living expenses. Extra charges may
apply for overtime, Saturday, Sunday and holidays. Travel time and expenses are charged to and from the CTS facility in Cleves,
Ohio. The repair or replacement of parts will be charged in addition to services performed, unless parts are covered under the CTS
warranty.
SALES AND SIMILAR TAXES
Any tax imposed by any present or future law of Federal, State or any other governmental authority on the manufacture and/or sale of
the Products covered by a CTS quotation or proposal shall be added to the amount paid by Buyer.
PAYMENT
Buyer shall pay the purchase price as stipulated in the attached proposal, and shall in no event exceed thirty (30) days after acceptance
of the Products to make full payments. International orders outside of the US and Canada require payment in full prior to shipment of
the Products.
CHOICE OF LAW
All proposals, quotations and sales of Products shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the
State of Ohio, USA The applicability of the UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods is hereby expressly
excluded. Any legal action or proceeding arising from or in connection with a proposal, quotation or sale of an Instrument
shall be brought exclusively in the courts of Hamilton County, Ohio, USA or in the U.S. District Court for the Southern
District of Ohio and shall not be transferred or removed to any other court, provided, however, that CTS may commence
an action in any jurisdiction where Buyer or its assets may be located, for an injunction, collection or similar relief to
enforce the provisions hereof.

SENTINEL M24 18-2


GLOSSARY

CHAPTER 19 GLOSSARY
Word Meaning
A-to-D Analog to Digital
Adiabatic A thermodynamic process that occurs without loosing or gaining heat.
Adiabatic The gas compression causes temperature of the gas to rise. The heat will cause
temperature effects metal parts to expand. The cooling gas will reduce the pressure.
atm atmospheres, Units of pressure
Bar million dynes per square centimeter, Units of pressure
Cv factor Flow coefficient
FNPT Female National Pipe Thread
iHG inches of mercury
iWC inches of water column
kPa kilo Pascals
Loctite Loctite is a brand name for a family of adhesive products that include thread-
lockers.
lpm liters per minute, measurement of Leak Rate
lps liters per second, measurement of Leak Rate
lph liters per hour, measurement of Leak Rate
M10 10 Millimeter
M12 12 Millimeter
Manifold Pneumatic circuit paths including valves and transducers
mHg millimeters of Mercury, Units of pressure
MPa Mega Pascals, Units of pressure
NPT National Pipe Thread
ozi ounces per square inch, Units of pressure
PLC Programmable Logic Controller
Psi pounds per square inch, Units of pressure
psia Pounds Per Square Inch Absolute
Psig Pounds per square inch gage, pressure difference from atmospheric
Regulator Device to control the pressure from the supply source to the desired pressure for the
test
scch standard cubic centimeters per hour, measurement of Leak Rate
Sccm Standard cubic centimeters per minute, measurement of Leak Rate
sccs standard cubic centimeters per second, measurement of Leak Rate
Stab Timer Timer to delay test after pressurization so that the temperature can equalize or
stabilize within the part under test and the test instrument.
Transducer An electrical device to convert energy from one form to another, such as a sensor to
convert pressure to an electrical signal
VFD Vacuum Fluorescent Display, the video display used on the M24 Control Panel

SENTINEL M24 19-1


GLOSSARY

SENTINEL M24 19-2


INDEX

CHAPTER 20 INDEX
List of Figures
Figure 1 Quick connect fitting and door keys.................................................................. 1-1
Figure 2 Sentinel M24 Mounting Bolt Channels............................................................. 1-2
Figure 3 Plant Plumbing Recommendations.................................................................... 1-3
Figure 4 Outside View of Manifold................................................................................. 1-4
Figure 5 View of air (vacuum) supply pneumatic connections for Sentinel M24
instrument located on the left side of the enclosure and inside the enclosure ......... 1-5
Figure 6 Bottom view of Sentinel M24 instrument. ........................................................ 1-6
Figure 7 Sentinel M24 PCB............................................................................................. 1-6
Figure 8 Main power and 120 VDC input/output............................................................ 1-7
Figure 9 Main power and 24 VDC input/output.............................................................. 1-7
Figure 10 Access holes on the top of enclosure for input/output wiring ......................... 1-8
Figure 11 Input/Output and power terminations for Sentinel M-24 ................................ 1-8
Figure 12 Clock and transducer output terminals for Sentinel M24................................ 1-9
Figure 13 Version S Pneumatic diagram ....................................................................... 1-11
Figure 14 Version S Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Single pressure or
vacuum decay test instrument................................................................................ 1-11
Figure 15 Version H Pneumatic diagram....................................................................... 1-12
Figure 16 Version H Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Single pressure or
vacuum decay test with high flow fill and exhaust capability ............................... 1-12
Figure 17 Version D Pneumatic diagram....................................................................... 1-13
Figure 18 Version D Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Dual pressure/vacuum
decay test utilizing one pressure transducer........................................................... 1-13
Figure 19 Version T Pneumatic diagram ....................................................................... 1-14
Figure 20 Version T Pneumatic diagram and manifold layout of Dual pressure and/or
vacuum decay testing utilizing two pressure transducers ...................................... 1-14
Figure 21 Overview of Sentinel M24 instrument ............................................................ 2-3
Figure 22 Internal layout of the Sentinel M24 instrument............................................... 2-4
Figure 23 Power-on screen .............................................................................................. 2-4
Figure 24 Initial Monitor screen ...................................................................................... 2-5
Figure 25 Alphanumeric keypad with Edit/Enter/Exit keys ............................................ 2-6
Figure 26 Function and Display Panels ........................................................................... 2-7
Figure 27 Multiple Station, Monitor display ................................................................... 2-8
Figure 28 Active Station, Monitor screen........................................................................ 2-9
Figure 29 Initial Part Setup screen................................................................................. 2-10
Figure 30 Initial Instrument Setup screen...................................................................... 2-11
Figure 31 Test Data Counter screen............................................................................... 2-11
Figure 32 Initial Self Test screen ................................................................................... 2-12
Figure 33 Help screen for Instrument Configuration..................................................... 2-13
Figure 34 Typical Dual Pressure Port Configuration screen ......................................... 2-14
Figure 35 Sentinel M24 Initialization screen................................................................... 4-1
Figure 36 Initial Monitor All Stations screen .................................................................. 4-1
Figure 37 Initial Self-Test Functions screen.................................................................... 4-2

SENTINEL M24 20-1


INDEX

Figure 38 Calibrate Transducer screen ............................................................................ 4-2


Figure 39 Self-test function screen .................................................................................. 4-3
Figure 40 Self test connections for the Sentinel M24...................................................... 4-3
Figure 41 Serial Communication setup screen ................................................................ 5-2
Figure 42 External IrDA and RS-232 ports ..................................................................... 5-4
Figure 43 Internal RS-232 terminals................................................................................ 5-4
Figure 44 Sample of Test Data Output Report using default format............................... 5-4
Figure 45 Custom Test Data Format default screen ........................................................ 5-5
Figure 46 Custom serial output options ........................................................................... 5-6
Figure 47 Instrument Setup TCP/IP Communications .................................................... 5-6
Figure 48 Setup screen for Units/time/date/Calibration method ..................................... 5-9
Figure 49 Multi-station screen for Test/manifold/Transducer....................................... 5-12
Figure 50 Digital Input screen for multi-station setup................................................... 5-13
Figure 51 Digital Output setup screen for Multi-station................................................ 5-15
Figure 52 Security setup screen ..................................................................................... 5-17
Figure 53 System Backup Screen .................................................................................. 5-19
Figure 54 Bar Graph illustration ...................................................................................... 6-1
Figure 55 Graphical illustration of Quik Test.................................................................. 6-5
Figure 56 Timer screen for Dual Pressure Tests.............................................................. 7-2
Figure 57 Pressure screen for Dual Pressure Tests.......................................................... 7-3
Figure 58 Part Configuration screen of Dual Test Leak Rates ........................................ 7-4
Figure 59 Test Evaluation options graphic ...................................................................... 7-5
Figure 60 Test Features screen for Dual Pressure Tests .................................................. 7-6
Figure 61 Screen for Copying Part Configuration parameters ........................................ 7-7
Figure 62 Confirmation to copy screen ........................................................................... 7-7
Figure 63 Initial AUTOCAL screen ................................................................................ 8-2
Figure 64 Self Test screen................................................................................................ 9-1
Figure 65 Self Test plug................................................................................................... 9-2
Figure 66 Screen for Self Test routine............................................................................. 9-3
Figure 67 Transducer calibration screen.......................................................................... 9-4
Figure 68 Digital Input monitor screen within SELF TEST............................................ 9-5
Figure 69 Digital Output monitor screen within SELF TEST......................................... 9-6
Figure 70 Test Valve Monitor screen within SELF TEST .............................................. 9-7
Figure 71 IrDA port and RS-232 connector .................................................................. 10-2
Figure 72 RS-232 internal connector block ................................................................... 10-2
Figure 73 RS-485 and TCP/IP connectors..................................................................... 10-2
Figure 74 Front panel Display keys .............................................................................. 10-3
Figure 75 Example of HyperTerminal using TCP/IP .................................................... 10-7
Figure 76 Instrument Info download example............................................................... 11-2
Figure 77 Pressure Stream download example.............................................................. 11-3
Figure 78 Each Test download example........................................................................ 11-3
Figure 79 Station Last download example..................................................................... 11-4
Figure 80 Station Counters download example ............................................................. 11-5
Figure 81 Part Setup - STN download example ............................................................ 11-6
Figure 82 Part Setup - Curr download example............................................................. 11-6
Figure 83 Station Setup download screen...................................................................... 11-7

SENTINEL M24 20-2


INDEX

Figure 84 Counter screen with TEST DATA routine.................................................... 12-1


Figure 85 Test Data screen ............................................................................................ 12-2
Figure 86 Statistics screen within TEST DATA for a dual pressure test ...................... 12-3
Figure 87 Part Select Timing Example.......................................................................... 13-3
Figure 88 Single Pressure Test (version S or H) Output Timing Chart......................... 13-4
Figure 89 Input/Output Co-Processor Board ................................................................. 13-5
Figure 90 Analog Master Board (bottom tier) ............................................................... 13-8
Figure 91 VFD Co-processor Board ............................................................................ 13-10
Figure 92 Vacuum Fluorescent Display ...................................................................... 13-11
Figure 93 Program socket on VFD Co-processor board................................................ 14-1

SENTINEL M24 20-3


INDEX

Index
ACCESSORIES.................................................... 1-15 INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATIONS ................. 1-10
Active Station ......................................................... 2-8 INSTRUMENT SETUP .......................................... 4-1
Air Supply.................................................1-2, 1-4, 4-2 Irda ...................................................................5-2, 5-3
Alphanumeric ......................................................... 3-2 Leak Rate ................................................................ 6-1
Alphanumeric ......................................................... 2-6 Leak Rate Units..................................................... 5-10
Analog Master Board............................................ 13-8 Loctite ..................................................1-5, 4-4, 19-1
Arrow Buttons ........................................................ 2-6 Low Limit ............................................................... 6-1
AUTO CAL ............................................................ 8-1 Low Limit Loss ....................................................... 6-2
Auto Run................................................................. 9-1 Main Power ........................................................... 13-5
Auto Test ................................................................ 9-1 Malfunctions ......................................................... 12-1
Backup Battery ..................................................... 13-9 Manifold........................................ 1-2, 5-12, 7-2, 16-2
Blockage Test ......................................................... 8-2 Manual Orifice In Part......................................8-1, 8-2
Burkert .................................................................. 5-12 Master Orifice ......................................................... 8-2
Cal Ratio ........................................7-5, 7-8, 17-1, 17-2 Master Part ..........................6-2, 6-3, 6-4, 6-6, 7-4, 8-1
Calibration ............................. 2-1, 5-11, 8-1, 9-3, 15-3 Max Cal Loss .................................. 6-3, 7-4, 8-2, 15-1
Certificate Date ....................................................... 7-8 Max Cal Loss Error ............................................... 15-2
CHANGE STATION........................................... 2-15 Maximum Test Pressure.................. 6-2, 7-4, 7-8, 15-2
CHANGE PART............................................ 2-14, 7-1 Min Cal Ratio...................................................7-8, 8-2
CHANGE PART Key .................................... 5-10, 9-3 Min Cal Ratio Error............................................... 15-2
CHANGE STATION..................................... 7-1, 12-1 Minimum Test Pressure .................. 6-3, 6-4, 7-3, 15-2
Change Test Parameters.......................................... 7-1 Monitor ...................................................2-4, 2-8, 2-13
Copy Part Info......................................................... 7-6 MOUNTING CONSIDERATIONS........................ 1-1
Counters.............................................. 5-18, 11-4, 12-1 No Leak Loss .................................... 6-2, 6-5, 7-4, 7-8
Cycle Time............................................................ 17-1 Numeric................................................................... 3-1
Date......................................................................... 5-9 Occlusion ................................................................ 8-2
Digital Outputs...................................................... 5-14 Operator Panel.....................................5-10, 10-1, 14-1
Dimensions ........................................................... 16-2 Orifice .......... 1-11, 5-11, 6-2, 6-4, 7-5, 7-8, 15-2, 17-2
DISPLAY Panel...................................................... 2-7 Orifice Loss................................ 4-2, 6-4, 7-2, 7-4, 9-2
Door Keys............................................................... 1-1 Orifice Recertification....................................7-8, 14-3
Dual Pressure ................................................. 9-6, 13-1 Orifice Value........................................................... 9-3
Dynamic Compensation.......................................... 6-3 Output Functions................................................... 13-1
Edit ......................................................................... 3-1 Output Terminals ................................13-5, 13-6, 13-7
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS ........................... 1-6 Parker CPI ............................................................... 1-5
Email....................................................................... 5-7 Part Configuration...................... 2-2, 6-1, 6-2, 6-3, 7-1
ENTER ................................................................... 2-7 Part Name..............................................7-8, 12-1, 12-3
Environmental Conditions .................................... 16-2 Part Present ...........................................5-14, 9-5, 16-1
Error Messages ..................................................... 15-1 Part Program ........................ 9-1, 9-3, 10-2, 10-6, 12-1
Ethernet................................................................... 5-7 Part Select ................... 5-10, 5-14, 5-16, 7-1, 9-5, 13-2
Exhaust ................................................................... 6-5 Part Select Feedback ............................................. 5-16
Exhaust Manifold.................................................... 1-4 Part Test .... 2-14, 4-5, 5-14, 5-15, 5-16, 7-1, 7-8, 13-1,
Exhaust Valve....................................................... 1-11 13-2, 16-1
EXIT ....................................................................... 2-7 Password .........................2-7, 3-1, 3-4, 5-17, 5-18, 7-1
Fill Time ................................................................. 6-3 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE .............................. 14-1
Fill Timer ................................................................ 6-4 PLUMBING RECOMMENDATIONS................... 1-2
Filters .................................................... 1-4, 1-15, 14-1 Pneumatic Block .................... 1-5, 4-4, 5-11, 8-2, 14-2
FUNCTION PANEL ............................................ 2-14 PNEUMATIC CONNECTIONS............................. 1-4
Fuses ............................................................ 14-2, 16-2 Pneumatic Manifolds............................................... 1-2
Gross Leak Check................................................... 6-4 Power Connection ............................................... 13-10
HELP Key............................................................. 2-12 Power On................................................................. 2-4
High Flow ........................................... 1-10, 1-12, 5-12 Power Supply ........................................................ 13-7
High Flow Limit. .................................................... 7-5 Pre-Fill Cycle ...............................................5-15, 13-1
High Limit .............................................................. 6-1 Pre-Fill Timer..............5-16, 6-4, 7-3, 13-1, 15-2, 17-1
High Limit Loss .................................6-1, 6-2, 6-3, 6-4 Pressure Units ....................................................... 5-10
HOLD ................................................................... 2-14 Pressures ............................ 1-13, 1-14, 7-3, 15-1, 17-2
In Auto Cal Cycle ................................................. 5-15 Preventive Maintenance .................................1-4, 14-1
Incoming Power Connections ............................... 13-5 Process Drift Correction........................................ 14-1
Inlet Air...................................................1-4, 1-15, 4-4 Program Socket ..........................................13-10, 14-1
Input Terminals..................................................... 13-7 Regulator Setting.....................................6-4, 9-4, 15-2
INSTALLATION ................................................... 1-1 Regulators .....................1-1, 1-4, 1-10, 1-13, 1-14, 5-1
Instrument Configuration........................................ 2-1 Reject Rate ............................................... 6-2, 6-3, 7-5

SENTINEL M24 20-4


INDEX

Relax Time..................................................... 7-8, 17-1 Test Data ... 2-1, 2-11, 2-13, 2-15, 5-1, 5-4, 5-5, 5-6, 5-
Relax Timer .......................................6-5, 7-5, 8-1, 9-1 18, 6-3, 9-7, 10-1, 10-7, 10-9, 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 18-
Remote Commands............................................... 10-6 2
Remote Computer ................................................. 10-6 Test Evaluation6-1, 6-2, 7-1, 7-4, 7-5, 10-8, 10-10, 12-
Reports........................................................... 5-4, 11-1 2
RS-2322-1, 2-3, 5-2, 5-3, 5-4, 5-10, 5-14, 6-4, 7-1, 10- Test Parameters ... 2-2, 2-7, 6-1, 6-4, 7-1, 7-7, 8-3, 9-2,
1, 10-2, 10-4, 10-6, 11-1, 13-2, 13-6, 16-1 13-9
Serial Port .......................................................... 5-2 Test Ports................................................................. 1-5
RS-485 ..2-1, 5-3, 5-4, 5-5, 5-10, 5-14, 7-1, 10-1, 10-2, Test Pressures...................................................7-3, 9-2
10-6, 11-1, 12-3, 13-2, 13-8 Test Results . 1-1, 1-10, 2-8, 2-12, 5-2, 5-3, 5-7, 6-1, 6-
Screen Saver ......................................................... 5-10 2, 6-5, 7-4, 7-6, 8-2, 10-1, 10-6, 10-7, 10-10, 11-1,
Seal Output ........................................................... 13-1 11-3, 11-4, 12-1, 12-2, 12-3, 12-4, 13-2, 13-9, 15-1
Security Setup....................................................... 10-2 Test Sequence Outputs .......................................... 13-1
Self Test.1-5, 1-11, 2-11, 2-12, 2-13, 2-15, 4-2, 4-3, 4- TEST SEQUENCE OUTPUTS............................. 13-1
4, 4-5, 6-2, 7-4, 9-1, 9-2, 9-3, 9-4, 9-5, 9-6, 9-7, 14- Test Time ........................1-1, 6-1, 6-5, 7-6, 15-2, 17-1
1, 14-3, 15-1, 15-2, 15-3 Time ...................................................................... 5-10
Serial Number ....................................... 5-6, 10-9, 11-1 Timers .. 6-1, 6-3, 6-4, 7-1, 7-2, 10-8, 13-1, 15-1, 17-1,
Set Regulator ...................... 2-1, 4-5, 6-2, 9-1, 9-4, 9-5 17-2
Severe Leak15-2 Timers ......................2-2, 2-10, 4-5, 6-3, 7-2, 7-3, 10-9
SPARE PARTS .................................................... 14-2 Transducer Calibration.................... 2-1, 9-4, 9-5, 15-3
Specifications..... 2-2, 4-5, 13-5, 14-3, 16-1, 18-1, 18-2 Transducer Verification Terminals.......................... 1-8
Stab Timer .............................................................. 6-4 Transducers 1-10, 1-13, 1-14, 5-1, 5-12, 5-13, 9-4, 19-
Stabilization Time..............................6-1, 6-3, 6-4, 7-8 1
Start Test5-1, 5-11, 5-14, 8-1, 8-2, 9-3, 13-1, 13-2, 13- Units Of Measurement .......................................... 5-10
3, 15-1, 15-2, 16-1 UNPACKING ......................................................... 1-1
Startup............................................................ 4-1, 15-3 Vacuum Fluorescent Display ..............1-1, 13-11, 19-1
Statistics.......................................2-1, 2-11, 12-1, 12-3 Valves ....1-10, 1-12, 1-13, 1-14, 2-12, 5-12, 5-16, 9-7,
STOP Button.................................................. 9-2, 15-2 13-1, 13-6, 14-1, 14-2, 16-1, 17-1, 18-2, 19-1
Stop Functions ...................................................... 2-15 VFD. 1-1, 2-5, 5-6, 5-10, 5-18, 13-10, 14-1, 14-2, 19-1
STOP TEST .......................................................... 15-2 Volume..... 1-1, 1-11, 1-12, 6-1, 6-3, 6-4, 6-5, 7-5, 7-6,
Swagelok ................................................................ 1-5 17-1
TCP/IP ....5-1, 5-4, 5-6, 5-7, 5-10, 5-14, 7-1, 7-5, 10-1, Volumes ...........................................................6-3, 8-3
10-2, 10-3, 10-6, 11-1, 13-2, 16-1 WARRANTY........................................................ 18-2

SENTINEL M24 20-5