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Life on

Facts about Mars:

1. The planet is named after Mars, the
Roman god of war. It was known to the

ancient Greeks as Ares, their god of war.

This is thought to be because of the blood-

red color of the planet which was also used
by other ancient cultures. Chinese
astronomers call Mars the fire star while
ancient Egyptian priests called it Her
Desher meaning the red one.
Fourth planet from the Sun
2. The landmass of Mars and Earth is very
similar.Despite Mars being just 15% the
Last of the terrestrial planets volume and 10% the mass of Earth, it
actually has a similar landmass because
and is around 227,940,000 km water covers about 70% of Earths surface.
from the Sun. The surface gravity of Mars is about 37% the
gravity found on Earth. This means that on
Mars you could in theory jump 3x higher than
Mars is the site of Olympus you could on Earth.
Mon. The Largest Volcano and
second highest known
mountain in the solar system.

F-11 Farias Rosalyn P.

What Is Mars Like?
Mars is very cold. The average temperature on Mars
is minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit -- way below
freezing. Mars is rocky with canyons, volcanoes
and craters all over it. Red dust covers almost
all of Mars. It has clouds and wind, just as Earth
does. Sometimes the wind blows the red dust into a
dust storm. Tiny dust storms can look like
tornados, and large ones can cover the whole
planet. Mars has about one-third the gravity of
Earth. A rock dropped on Mars would fall slower
than a rock dropped on Earth. Things weigh less on
Mars than they weigh on Earth. A person who weighs
Mars: In Depth
Mars 100 pounds on Earth would only weigh about 37
pounds on Mars because of less gravity. Though details of Mars' surface are difficult to see
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the What Has NASA Learned About Mars? from Earth, telescope observations show seasonally
second-smallest planet in the Solar System, changing features and white patches at the poles.
NASA has used both spacecr aft and robots to learn
For decades, people speculated that bright and dark
after Mercury. Named after the Roman god of more about Mars. In 1965, Mariner 4 was the first areas on Mars were patches of vegetation, Mars
war, it is often referred to as the "Red NASA spacecraft to get a close look at the planet. was a likely place for advanced life forms, and
Planet because the iron oxide prevalent on its water might exist in the polar caps. When the
In 1976, Viking 1 and Viking 2 were the first NASA
Mariner 4 spacecraft flew by Mars in 1965,
surface gives it a reddish appearance. Mars is spacecraft to land on Mars. They took pictures and photographs of a bleak, cratered surface shocked
a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, explored the planets surface. Since then, more many - Mars seemed to be a dead planet. Later
having surface features reminiscent both of missions, however, showed that Mars is a complex
spacecraft have flown near or landed on
planet and holds many mysteries yet to be solved.
the impact craters of the Moon and the valleys, Mars.NASA's Spirit and Opportunity rovers landed Chief among them is whether Mars ever had the
deserts, and polar ice caps of Earth. on Mars in January 2004. They found evidence that right conditions to support small life forms called
Mars can easily be seen from Earth with the microbes.
water once flowed on Mars. Living things need
Like Earth, Mars experiences seasons due to the tilt
naked eye, as can its reddish coloring. water to survive. So, any sign of water on Mars of its rotational axis. Mars' orbit is about 1.5 times
Its apparent magnitude reaches 2.91,which is would mean that there could be, or could have farther from the sun than Earth's and is slightly
surpassed only by Jupiter, Venus, the Moon, and elliptical, so its distance from the sun changes. That
been, life on the planet.
affects the length of Martian seasons, which vary in
the Sun. Optical ground-based telescopes are
length. The polar ice caps on Mars grow and recede
typically limited to resolving features about with the seasons. Layered areas near the poles
300 kilometers (190 mi) across when Earth and suggest that the planet's climate has changed more
than once. Volcanism in the highlands and plains
Mars are closest because of Earth's
was active more than 3 billion years ago. Some of
atmosphere. the giant shield volcanoes are younger, having
formed between 1 and 2 billion years ago. Mars has
the largest volcano in the solar system, Olympus
Mons, as well as a spectacular equatorial canyon
system, Valles Marineris.