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LEA-5H, LEA-5S, LEA-5A

u-blox 5 GPS and GALILEO Modules


Data Sheet

Abstract
Technicaldatasheetdescribingthecosteffective,high-performance
Data Sheet
u-blox5basedLEA5seriesofGPS/GALILEOmodules.

FeaturesincludeA-GPSsupport,lowpowerconsumption,-160dBmhigh
sensitivity and an innovative jamming-resistant RF architecture. The
compact17.0x22.4mmformfactorofthehighlysuccessfulLEA-4series
ismaintained,enablingeasymigration.TheLEA5seriessupportspassive
andactiveantennas.

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Title LEA-5H,LEA-5S,LEA-5A
Subtitle u-blox5GPSandGALILEOModules
Doc Type DataSheet Preliminary
Doc Id GPS.G5-MS5-07026-P4
Revision
Date Name Status / Comments
Index

P1 17/07/2007 TG Preliminary

P2 22/08/2007 TG

P3 3/10/2007 TG UpdateofTables

P4 7/01/2008 TG UpdateofPinDiagram

Thisdocumentandtheuseofanyinformationcontainedtherein,issubjecttotheacceptanceoftheu-blox
termsandconditions.Theycanbedownloadedfromwww.u-blox.com.u-bloxmakesnowarrantiesbasedon
the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this document and reserves the right to make changes to
specificationsandproductdescriptionsatanytimewithoutnotice.
u-blox reserves all rights to this document and the information contained herein. Reproduction, use or
disclosuretothirdpartieswithoutexpresspermissionisstrictlyprohibited.Copyright2007,u-bloxAG.
Formostrecentdocuments,pleasevisitwww.u-blox.com

Data Sheet
Identification of applicable hardware Comments
Revisions
- Alldatacodes

Products marked with this lead-free symbol on the product label comply with the
"Directive2002/95/ECoftheEuropeanParliamentandtheCouncilontheRestrictionof
UseofcertainHazardousSubstancesinElectricalandElectronicEquipment"(RoHS).

ThisisanElectrostaticSensitiveDevice(ESD).
Observeprecautionsforhandling.

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1 Functional Description
1.1 Overview
TheLEA-5moduleseriesbyu-bloxsetsanewstandardforGPSandGALILEOreceivermodules.Poweredbythe
highperformance50-channelu-blox 5technology,thesemodulesprovideexcellentperformanceandflexibility
at an economical price. A 32-channel acquisition engine with over 1 million effective correlators is capable of
massive parallel searches. This enables a Time To First Fix (TTFF) of less than 1 second, while long
correlation/dwell times make possible an acquisition and tracking sensitivity of -160dBm. An available
functionality is KickStart, a new feature enabling accelerated acquisition of weak signals. Once acquired,
satellitesarepassedontoapower-optimizeddedicatedtrackingengine.ThisarrangementallowstheGPSand
GALILEOengineto simultaneouslytrackupto16satellites whilesearching for newones. u-blox 5s advanced
jamming suppression mechanism and innovative RF architecture provide a high level of immunity to jamming,
ensuringmaximumGPSandGALILEOperformance.
TheLEA-5seriesmaintainsthecompact17.0x22.4mmformfactorofthehighlysuccessfulLEA-4modules.The
modules have been designed with backwards compatibility in mind, enabling ease of upgrade and reducing
engineering and design costs. A USB port is available for faster data transmission and more flexibility. The
optional FLASH EPROM provides capacity to store user-specific configuration settings and allows for future
updates.Thesemodulesdonotsupporttheantennasupplyandsupervisorfunctionalities,andareidealsolutions
forapplicationswhereextracostsavingsareneeded.
LEA-5modulesarenotdesignedforlifesavingorsupportingdevicesorforaviationandshouldnotbeusedin
productsthatcouldinanywaynegativelyimpactthesecurityorhealthoftheuserorthirdpartiesorthatcould
causedamagetogoods.

1.2 Highlights and Features


Highlights

Time To First Fix (TTFF): < 1 sec


Acquisition and tracking sensitivity: -160dBm
Receives GPS and GALILEO signals
A-GPS: Supports u-blox AssistNow Online and Offline, OMA SUPL compliant
High immunity to jamming
UART serial port, USB, DDC (I2C compatible)

Features
Voltage Range (V)

Precision Timing
Dead Reckoning
Thickness (mm)

SuperSense

Reset Input
FW Update
50-channel

Supervisor
AssistNow

AssistNow

Raw Data
KickStart

Antenna

Antenna
/ FLASH

CFG Pin
Offline
engine

Supply
Online
UART

1PPS
DDC
USB

SPI

LEA-5H 2.7-3.6 3.0 1 1 1


LEA-5S 2.7-3.6 3.0 1 1 1 1
LEA-5A 2.7-3.6 3.0 1 1 1 1

Table 1: Features of the LEA-5 Series

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1.3 Block Diagram

SPI

RF_IN Baseband Processor USB V2.0

SAW RESET_N
Filter RF Front-End Digital GPS/GALILEO
Antenna with IFFilter Engine
Integrated LNA CFG_COM1
V_ANT Supervision
(optional) SRAM ROMCode
AADET_N UART
Power Backup
Management RAM EXTINT

VCC_RF TCXOor XTAL ARM7CPU RTC TIMEPULSE

DDC
VCC_OUT PowerControl
VDDIO
VCC

V_BACKUP FLASH EPROM RTC

GND (optional)

Figure 1: Hardware Block Schematic

1.4 Assisted GPS (A-GPS)


Supplyofaidinginformationlikeephemeris,almanac,roughlastpositionandtimeandsatellitestatusandan
optional time synchronization signal will reduce time to first fix significantly and improve the acquisition
sensitivity.AllLEA-5modulessupporttheu-bloxAssistNowOnlineandAssistNowOfflineA-GPSservicesandare
OMASUPLcompliant.

1.5 KickStart
Anewfeatureavailablewithu-blox 5receivermodulesisKickStart.ThisfunctionalityusesaTCXOtoaccelerate
weaksignalacquisition,enablingfasterstartandreacquisitiontimes.KickStartisavailablewiththeLEA-5Hand
LEA-5S.

1.6 GALILEO
The u-blox 5 is a GNSS chip that receives and tracks GPS and GALILEO signals simultaneously, enhancing
accuracy and coverage. When GALILEO-L1 signals become available, u-blox 5 receivers equipped with FLASH
memorywillbecapableofreceivingandprocessingthemviaasimpleupgrade.Theabilitytoreceiveandtrack
GALILEOsatellitesignalswillresultinhighercoverage,improvedreliabilityandbetteraccuracy.

1.7 Protocols
Protocol Type
NMEA Input/output,ASCII,0183,2.3(compatibleto3.0)
UBX Input/output,binary,u-bloxproprietary
Table 2: Available Protocols

Both protocols are available on UART, USB, DDC and SPI. For specification of the various protocols see the
u-blox 5 Protocol Specification [2].

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1.8 Antenna
LEA-5modulesaredesignedforusewithpassiveandactiveantennas.
AnoptionalantennasupervisorisavailablewiththeLEA-5H,LEA-5SandLEA-5A.Inthedefaultoperationmode
the antenna supervisor is activated and enables the receiver to detect short circuits to the active antenna by
checkingthebiasvoltagelevelandcanshutdownthevoltagebiasimmediately.Aseriesresistorisneededin
frontoftheV_ANTinput.UBXandNMEAmessagesareprovidedtoreporttheconditionoftheantennasupply.
Opencircuitdetectioncanalsobesupportedwithanadditionalexternalcircuit.Fordetails,pleaserefertothe
LEA-5 Hardware Integration Manual [1].

Parameter Specification
AntennaType Passiveandactiveantenna
Minimumgain 15-20dB(tocompensatesignallossinRFcable)
ActiveAntenna
Maximumnoisefigure 1.5dB
Recommendations
Maximumgain 30dB
Table 3: Antenna Specifications for all LEA-5 Modules

Parameter Specification
AntennaSupply UsingVCC_RForexternalvoltagesource
Shortcircuitdetection Built-in
AntennaSupervisor
Opencircuitdetection Enabledwithexternalcircuit
Table 4: Antenna Supervisor Specifications for LEA-5H, LEA-5S and LEA-5A

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1.9 Configuration

1.9.1 Boot-Time CFG_COM1 Configuration (LEA-5S, LEA-5A)


The LEA-5S and LEA-5A provide a CFG_COM1 pin for boot-time configuration. It becomes effective
immediatelyafterstart-up.Oncethemodulehasstarted,theconfigurationsettingsmaybemodifiedwithUBX
configurationmessages.TheBaudratecanbechangedusingtheCFG-PRTmessageandthemessagescanbe
changedusingCFG-MSG. Themodifiedsettingsremaineffectiveuntilpower-downorreset.Ifthesesettings
have been stored in battery-backup RAM, then the modified configuration will be retained, as long as the
backupbatterysupplyisnotinterrupted.

CFG_COM1 Baudrate Messages


(Kbaud)
0 4.8 GSV 1,RMC,GSA,GGA,VTG,TXT
1 9.6 GSV, RMC, GSA, GGA, GLL, VTG, TXT

Table 5: Supported CFG_COM1 settings (default settings in bold text)

1.9.2 Configuration (LEA-5H)


WiththeLEA-5H,configurationsettingsmodifiedwithUBXconfigurationmessagescanbesavedtotheFLASH
memory. In this casethe modified settings remain effectiveeven after power-down and dont require backup
batterysupply.
Formoreinformationseethe LEA-5 Hardware Integration Manual[1].

everyfifthfix
1

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2 GPS Performance

Parameter Specification
50Channels
ReceiverType GPSL1frequency,C/ACode
GALILEOOpenServiceL1frequency
ColdStart(Autonomous) 29s
WarmStart(Autonomous) 29s
Time-To-First-Fix 2
HotStart(Autonomous) <1s
AidedStarts 3 <1s
Tracking&Navigation -160dBm
Sensitivity Acquisition -160dBm
ColdStart(Autonomous) -145dBm
Autonomous <2.5m
HorizontalPositionAccuracy 4
SBAS <2.0m
AccuracyofTimepulseSignal RMS 50ns
MaxNavigationUpdateRate 4Hz
Dynamics 4g
OperationalLimits Velocity 515m/s(1000knots)
Table 6: LEA-5 GPS Performance

2
Allsatellitesat130dB
Dependentonaidingdataconnectionspeedandlatency
3

4
CEP,50%,24hoursstatic,-130dBm

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3 Mechanical Specifications
Parameter Specification
A 22.4+0.6/-0.1mm [882+24/-4mil]
B 17.00.1mm [6694mil]
C 3.00.3mm [11812mil]
D 2.55+0.3/-0.1mm [100+18/-4mil]
E 1.10.1mm [434mil]
F 3.800.1mm [1504mil]
G 1.100.1mm [754mil]
H 2.85+0.3/-.01mm [112+18/-4mil]
Weight 2.1g
Table 7: Dimensions

(H)
15 GND GND 14

16 RF_IN GND 13
17 GND LEA-5 Reserved 12
18 VCC_RF Top View V_BCKP 11
19 V_ANT RESET_N 10
CFG_COM1 9 G
20 AADET0_N
/Reserved

F
A
21 NC VCC_OUT 8

22 NC GND 7

23 NC VCC 6

24 VDDUSB NC 5

25 USB_DM RxD1 4

26 USB_DP TxD1 3

27 EXTINT0 SCL2 2
E
28 TIMEPULSE SDA2 1

Side View C

Figure 2: Dimensions

ForinformationregardingthePasteMaskandFootprintseetheLEA-5 Hardware Integration Manual [1].

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3.1 Pin Assignment



No Module Name I/O Description
1 All SDA2 I/O DDCData
2 All SCL2 I/O DDCClock
3 All TxD1 O SerialPort1
4 All RxD1 I (donotleaveopen)
5 All NC NotConnected
6 All VCC I Supplyvoltage
7 All GND I Ground(digital)
8 All VCC_OUT O Outputvoltage
LEA-5A,LEA-5S CFG_COM1 I ConfigurationPin
9
LEA-5H Reserved I
10 All RESET_N I
11 All V_BCKP I Backupvoltagesupply
12 All Reserved I
13 All GND I Ground
14 All GND I Ground
15 All GND I Ground
16 All RF_IN I GPSsignalinput
17 All GND I Ground
18 All VCC_RF O OutputVoltageRFsection
19 All V_ANT I AntennaBiasvoltage
20 All AADET0_N I ActiveAntennaDetect
21 All NC NotConnected
22 All NC NotConnected
23 All NC NotConnected
24 All VDDUSB I USBSupply
25 All USB_DM I/O USBData
26 All USB_DP I/O USBData
27 All EXTINT0 I ExternalInterruptPin
28 All TIMEPULSE O Timepulse(1PPS)

Table 8: Pinout

PinsdesignatedReservedshouldonlybeusedwithcaution.FormoreinformationaboutPinoutsseethe
LEA-5 Hardware Integration Manual[1].

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4 Electrical Specifications
4.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter Symbol Min Max Units
Powersupplyvoltage(VCC) Vcc -0.5 3.6 V
Backupbatteryvoltage(V_BCKP) Vbckp -0.5 4.8 V
Inputpinvoltage Vin -0.5 Vcc+0.5 V
Vin_usb -0.5 Vddusb+0.5 V
VCC_RFoutputcurrent Iccrf 100 mA
Antennabiasvoltage Vant 6 V
5
Antennabiascurrent Iant 100 mA
Storagetemperature Tstg -40 85 C

Table 9: Absolute Maximum Ratings

Stressing the device beyond the Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage.
These are stress ratings only. The product is not protected against overvoltage or reversed
voltages. If necessary, voltage spikes exceeding the power supply voltage specification, given in
table above, must be limited to values within the specified boundaries by using appropriate
protection diodes.


5
AppliedviaV_ANT

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4.2 Operating Conditions


Parameter 6 Symbol Min Typ Max Units Condition
Powersupplyvoltage(VCC) Vcc 2.7 3.6 V
Sustainedsupplycurrent 7 Icc 40 mA Vcc=3.0V
Peaksupplycurrent 8 Iccp 150 mA Vcc=3.6V
Backupbatteryvoltage Vbckp 1.3 4.8 V
Backupbatterycurrent Ibckp 30 A Vbckp=1.8V
Inputpinvoltagerange Vin Vcc+0.5 V
Inputpinlowvoltage Vin_low_1 0.2xVcc V
Inputpinhighvoltage Vin_high_1 0.7xVcc V
Inputpinlowvoltagefor
Vin_low_2 0.22 V
EXTINT0andRxD1
Inputpinhighvoltagefor
Vin_high_2 0.91 V
EXTINT0andRxD1
Outputpinvoltagerange Vout V
Outputpinlowvoltage Vout_low 0.4 V Iout=4mA
Outputpinhighvoltage Vout_high Vcc0.4 V Iout=-4mA
VDDUSB(Pin24)forUSB
Vddusb1 3.0 9 3.6 V
operation
USB_DM,USB_DP VinU CompatiblewithUSBwith27Ohmsseriesresistance
Antennagain Gant 30 dB
V_ANTantennabiasvoltage Vant 2.7 5.5 V IANT<-50mA
Antennabiasvoltagedrop Vant_drop 0.1 Iccrf=50mA
VCC_RFvoltage Vccrf Vcc-0.1 V
VCC_RFoutputcurrent Iccrf 50 mA
Operatingtemperature Topr -40 85 C
Table 10: Operating Conditions
Operationbeyondthe"OperatingConditions"isnotrecommendedandextendedexposurebeyondthe
"OperatingConditions"mayaffectdevicereliability.


6
Allspecificationareatanambienttemperatureof25C.
7
Average current drawn during Continuous Tracking Mode with 1 Hz update rate, using 9 channels for tracking and navigation and 3
channelsforsearchingsatellites(=acquisition).Usethisfiguretodeterminerequiredbatterycapacity.
8
Peakcurrentdrawnduringinitialacquisitionphase.Usethisfiguretodimensionmaximumcurrentcapabilityofpowersupply.
9
IfUSBnotusedconnecttoGND

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5 Reliability Tests
Testsforproductfamilyqualifications:

Test Standard
Visualinspection IPC-A-610 Acceptability of electronic
assemblies
I.T.R.I.PublicationNo.700
IPC-SM-840BClass2.
Thermalshock -40C...+125C,100cycles IEC68-2-14
Functionat -40C/2hours;RT/2hours; IEC68-2-1andIEC68-2-2
various +85C/2 hours; function tests at stable
temperatures temperature
Lifespantest +85C/1000hours,infunction IEC68-2-2
Dampheat,cyclic +25C...+55C;>90%Rh IEC68-2-30
Vibration 10-500Hz;2hours/axis;5g IEC68-2-6
Shock 30g/11ms (halfsine); 3 Shock/axis; no IEC68-2-27
function
Metallographic IPC-QE-650
investigations
Table 11: Reliability Tests

Thisspecificationispreliminaryandsubjecttoconfirmation.

6 Design-In
In order to obtain the necessary information to conduct a proper design-in, u-blox strongly recommends
consultingtheLEA-5 Hardware Integration Manual [1].

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7 Default Settings

Interface Settings

SerialPort1 9600Baud,8bits,noparitybit,1stopbit
Output
ConfiguredtotransmitbothNMEAandUBXprotocols,butonly
followingNMEAandnoUBXmessageshavebeenactivatedatstart-up:
GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV, RMC, VTG, TXT
USBOutput ConfiguredtotransmitbothNMEAandUBXprotocols,butonly
followingNMEAandnoUBXmessageshavebeenactivatedatstart-up:
GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV, RMC, VTG, TXT
USBPowerMode:Bus-Powered
SerialPort1Input 9600Baud,8bits,noparitybit,1stopbit
Automaticallyacceptsfollowingprotocolswithoutneedofexplicit
configuration:
UBX, NMEA
TheGPSreceiversupportsinterleavedUBXandNMEAmessages.
USBInput Automaticallyacceptsfollowingprotocolswithoutneedofexplicit
configuration:
UBX, NMEA
TheGPSreceiversupportsinterleavedUBXandNMEAmessages.
USBPowerMode:Bus-Powered
TIMEPULSE
1pulsepersecond,synchronizedatrisingedge,pulselength100ms
(1HzNav)
Table 13: Available Protocols.

PleaserefertotheLEA-5 Hardware Integration Manual[1]forinformationaboutfurthersettings.

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8 Ordering Information

Ordering No. Product


LEA-5A-0 LEA-5AGPS/GALILEOModule,Tapeonreel,250piecesperreel
LEA-5H-0 LEA-5HGPS/GALILEOModule,Tapeonreel,250piecesperreel
LEA-5S-0 LEA-5SGPS/GALILEOModule,Tapeonreel,250piecesperreel
EVK-5H-0 u-blox5EvaluationKit

Table 14: Ordering Information

Related Documents
[1] LEA-5HardwareIntegrationManual,Docu.NoGPS.G5-MS5-07005
[2] u-blox5ProtocolSpecification,Docu.NoGPS-X-07036
[3] u-blox5ReceiverDescription,Docu.NoGPS.G5-X-07018
Allthesedocumentsareavailableonourhomepage(http://www.u-blox.com).

Forregularupdatestou-bloxdocumentationandtoreceiveproductchangenotificationspleaseregister
onourhomepage.

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Contact
Forfurtherinfo,pleasecontactus:
Headquarters

u-blox AG
Zuercherstrasse68
CH-8800Thalwil
Switzerland
Phone: +41447227444
Fax: +41447227447
E-mail: info@u-blox.com
www.u-blox.com

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North, Central and South America Europe, Middle East, Africa Asia, Australia, Pacific
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Phone: +41447227444 Phone: +6567343811
Phone: +1(703)4833180 Fax: +41447227447 Fax: +6567361533
Fax: +1(703)4833179 E-mail: info@u-blox.com E-mail: info_ap@u-blox.com
E-mail: info_us@u-blox.com Support: support_ap@u-blox.com
Technical Support:
Regional Office West Coast: Regional Office China:
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Phone: +1(619)7413011
Fax: +1(619)7414334 Phone: +861068133545
E-mail: info_us@u-blox.com Fax: +861068217890
E-mail: info_cn@u-blox.com
Technical Support: Support: support_cn@u-blox.com
Phone: +1(703)4833185 Regional Office Japan:
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Phone: +81343605343
Fax: +81343605301
E-mail: info_jp@u-blox.com
Support: +81343605344
support_jp@u-blox.com

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Phone: +8225420861
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Support: +82313832584
support_kr@u-blox.com

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Fax: +886226571097
E-mail: info_tw@u-blox.com
Support: support_tw@u-blox.com

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