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BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)

Fill in the correct article (A , AN or THE)


1. He has ___ new motorcycle.
A. A
B. An
C. The

2. I want to buy ___ umbrella.


A. A
B. An
C. The

3. ___ Ganges is ___ Indian river.


A. A - The
B. An - The
C. The - An

4. Is Jane ___ student at your college?


A. A
B. An
C. The

5. I know ___ problem between you and him.


A. A
B. An
C. The

6. Give me ___ change to fix this problem.


A. A
B. An
C. The

7. I have read ___ amazing life story.


A. A
B. An
C. The

8. ___ weather of today is quite unpredictable.


A. A
B. An
C. The

9. Is she ___ American?


A. A
B. An
C. The

10. I saw ___ very beautiful creature, but I dont know ___ name is.
A. A - The
B. An - The
C. The - A

11. ___ bird live in the cage. ___ cage is new.


A. A - The
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
B. An - The
C. The - A

12. I need ___ piece of paper.


A. A
B. An
C. The

13. Who is ___ owner of this book?


A. A
B. An
C. The

14. You have been 20, but you are still like ___ child.
A. A
B. An
C. The

15. I will go to ___ cinema with you.


A. A
B. An
C. The

16. Is there ___ public telephone near here?


A. A
B. An
C. The

17. I went to ___ beach during my summer vacation.


A. A
B. An
C. The

18. What is ___ name of the next hospital?


A. A
B. An
C. The

19. Tomy is ___ best student in our class.


A. A
B. An
C. The

20. ___ joke can be a good way to start a speech.


A. A
B. An
C. The

21. Oxford is ___ university town


A. A
B. An
C. The
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
22. It's ___ most expensive hotel in town
A. A
B. An
C. The

23. We had a very nice meal. ___ cheese was especially good.
A. A
B. An
C. The

24. She is on diet, so she ordered ___ calorie - free dinner.


A. A
B. An
C. The

25. I know someone who wrote a book about ___ life of Gandhi.
A. A
B. An
C. The

26. I have just had ___ great idea.


A. A
B. An
C. The

27. Lucys father works as ___ electrician.


A. A
B. An
C. The

28. We need to be at ___ airport in ___ hour.


A. A - The
B. An - A
C. The - An

29. Writting is ___ more interesting activity than reading.


A. A
B. An
C. The

30. A little knowledge is ___ dangerous thing.


A. A
B. An
C. The

31. Last year we visited St. Pauls Cathedral and ___ Tower of London.
A. A
B. An
C. The

32. Did you read ___ book I gave you?


A. A
B. An
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
C. The

33. Its ___ long way by train to ___ west of Java.


A. A - The
B. An - The
C. The - A

34. Whats ___ capital of your country?


A. A
B. An
C. The

35. ___ doctor earns more than ___ teacher.


A. A - A
B. An - An
C. The - The

35. I lived in ___ Netherlands before moving here.


A. A
B. An
C. The

37. We saw ___ eagle caught a chicken yesterday.


A. A
B. An
C. The

38. This is ___ man I told you about.


A. A
B. An
C. The

39. I never listen to ___ radio. In fact, I haven't got ___ radio.
A. A - The
B. An - The
C. The - A

40. They visited grandmother in ___ hospital.


A. A
B. An
C. The

41. There was ___ time when I enjoyed reading.


A. A
B. An
C. The

42. Please, open ___ door!


A. A
B. An
C. The

43. Would you like to tell me ___ best moment of your life?
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
A. A
B. An
C. The

44. The man is ___ Italian businessman.


A. A
B. An
C. The

45. It was ___ difficult exam.


A. A
B. An
C. The

46. She is reading ___ interesting book.


A. A
B. An
C. The

47. Where are ___ scissors you borrowed last week?


A. A
B. An
C. The

48. She has bought me ___ apple juice.


A. A
B. An
C. The

49. ___ computer is very good, I like it.


A. A
B. An
C. The

50. ___ President of Indonesia is giving ___ speech tonight.


A. A -The
B. The - An
C. The A

ARRANGE THE SENTENCE BELOW


1. Class In You Strongest The Are Our
2. Is He My The In Youngest Family
3. School The Band In Best Is The Pianist She
4. Three This The Book Of Is Exciting The Most
5. Most Town Famous This The In This Is Restaurant.
6. Expensive Hotel It Is The Most In The City
7. Math Interesting As Is As Science
8. He Possible As Fast As Ran
9. As Light As Are A coin The Smallest Bats
10. Possible Get There We As Soon As Will
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)

1. He has a new motorcycle.


2. I want to buy an umbrella
3. The Ganges is an Indian river.
4. Is Jane a student at your college?
5. I know the problem between you and him.
6. Give me a change to fix this problem.
7. I have read an amazing life story.
8. The weather of today is quite unpredictable.
9. Is she an American?
10. I saw a very beautiful creature, but I dont know the name is.
11. A bird live in the cage. The cage is new.
12. I need a piece of paper.
13. Who is the owner of this book?
14. You have been 20, but you are still like a child.
15. I will go to the cinema with you.
16. Is there a public telephone near here?
17. I went to the beach during my summer vacation.
18. What is the name of the next hospital?
19. Tomy is the best student in our class.
20. A joke can be a good way to start a speech.
21. Oxford is an university town
22. It's the most expensive hotel in town.
23. We had a very nice meal. The cheese was especially good.
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
24. She is on diet, so she ordered a calorie - free dinner.
25. I know someone who wrote a book about the life of Gandhi.
26. I have just had a great idea.
27. Lucys father works as an electrician.
28. We need to be at the airport in an hour.
29. Writting is a more interesting activity than reading.
30. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
31. Last year we visited St. Pauls Cathedral and the Tower of London.
32. Did you read the book I gave you?
33. Its a long way by train to the west of Java.
34. Whats the capital of your country?
35. A doctor earns more than a teacher.
36. I lived in the Netherlands before moving here.
37. We saw an eagle caught a chicken yesterday.
38. This is the man I told you about.
39. I never listen to the radio. In fact, I haven't got a radio.
40. They visited grandmother in the hospital.
41. There was a time when I enjoyed reading.
42. Please, open the door!
43. Would you like to tell me the best moment of your life?
44. The man is an Italian businessman.
45. It was a difficult exam.
46. She is reading an interesting book.
47. Where are the scissors you borrowed last week?
48. She has bought me an apple juice.
49. The computer is very good, I like it.
50. The President of Indonesia is giving a speech tonight.
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)

Perbedaan penggunaan article A vs AN.

Sebagai article, a dan an artinya adalah satu. Dalam bahasa Indonesia, kedua article ini
dapat diterjemahkan menjadi sebuah/seorang/seekor/sehelai dst. Hal ini tergantung dari noun
yang mengikutinya. Misalnya,

an apple = sebuah apel


a lady = seorang wanita
a tiger = seekor harimau
a leaf = sehelai daun, dst.

Penggunaan A dan AN

1. a dan an hanya dapat diikuti oleh singular nouns (benda tunggal), tetapi tidak pernah
secara langsung diikuti oleh uncountable nouns (benda tidak dapat dihitung). Olehnya itu,
akan INCORRECT jika anda menulis,

I need a water. (water: uncountable noun)


I just ate a bread. (bread: uncountable noun)
She just heard a bad news about her parents. (news: uncountable noun)

Kalimat ini akan menjadi benar jika article a dihilangkan atau jika di depan uncountable
nouns (i.e. water dan bread) ditambahkan penakar (container) atau pengukur yang berfungsi
untuk menyatakan berapa banyak/volume/ukuran dari uncountable nouns tersebut.

I need water. Atau I need a glass of water.


I just ate bread. Atau: I just ate a big slice of bread.
She just heard bad news about her parents. Atau: She just heard a piece of bad news
about her parents.
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
Kapan kita gunakan a dan kapan kita gunakan an dapat dibaca pada topik Noun (part 2):
Countable. Selain itu, noun yang tergolong ke dalam uncountable noun juga harus diketahui,
sebab article a dan an tidak digunakan jika diikuti oleh uncountable nouns.

2. a dan an digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sebuah singular noun secara umum (in
general).

Contoh:

1. A football is usually made of leather. ( leather = kulit. Note: dalam konteks ini, jangan
gunakan kata skin. Leather adalah animal skin yang sudah diolah).
2. An artist should keep a good relationship with fans.

3. a dan an digunakan untuk merujuk ke sebuah singular noun yang belum pernah
disebutkan sebelumnya.

Contoh:

1. I met a guy last night.


2. My company just built a new skyscraper. (skyscraper = gedung pencakar langit)

Penggunaan article THE

Ada beberapa rules yang harus anda pahami dalam penggunaan article the.

1. The umumnya digunakan untuk merujuk noun yang sudah pernah disebutkan
sebelumnya. Dengan adanya the, noun yang dimaksud menjadi lebih spesifik. Noun tersebut
bisa countable, bisa juga uncountable noun. Jika countable noun, noun tersebut bisa singular,
bisa juga plural. Dalam hal ini, the dapat berarti tersebut atau itu, atau kadang-kadang ini.

Contoh:

1. I met a guy last night. The guy asked my number and whether I would go out for a
date. (number = nomor telepon, date = kencan). Dalam kalimat ini, the bisa
digantikan dengan that.
2. The water in my well is contaminated. (well = sumur, contaminated =
terkontaminasi). Dalam kalimat ini, the tidak pas kalau digantikan dengan that,
karena water di kalimat ini sudah diterangkan oleh in my well. Coba
terjemahkan, terasa janggal bukan?
3. Three students didnt perform well in my exam. The (three) students hadnt studied
hard enough before the exam. Dalam kalimat ini, kata three adalah optional: bisa
digunakan, bisa juga dihilangkan, karena maknanya sudah dipahami oleh lawan bicara
atau pembaca. Di kalimat ini, the dapat digantikan dengan those/these. Jika anda
masih ragu dalam penggunaan those/these, akan lebih aman jika anda gunakan the.
4. There are many persons named Agnes Monica on Facebook. You will have hard time
to find the Agnes Monica who sings Matahariku.

Sebaliknya, the tidak digunakan jika kita membicarakan uncountable nouns atau plural nouns
secara umum (in general).

Contoh:
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
1. Water needs to be conserved. (Air perlu dikonservasi/dilindungi).
2. Sugar is sweet. (Gula (rasanya) manis).
3. Durians are very smelly. (Duarian-durian sangat bau/baunya keras).
4. Lazy students hardly get good grades. (Murid-murid yang malas hampir tidak pernah
mendapat nilai-nilai bagus).

2. Kata seperti breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper (= dinner), school, church, home, dan college
pada umumnya tidak membutuhkan article. Tetapi, jika noun ini dirujuk, barulah article the
diperlukan.

Contoh:

1. We go to school everyday. Starting next week, however, the school will be bulldozed
by the government. (be bulldozed = diratakan dengan tanah dengan menggunakan
bulldozer).
2. Jenny and I just finished having lunch at the cafetaria. I thanked her because she paid
for the lunch.
3. I am very tired. Id like to go home.

3. Rules yang lain dalam menentukan apakah the digunakan atau tidak, dapat dilihat pada
tabel berikut. Note: the yang digunakan pada nouns di tabel berikut pada umumnya tidak
berarti tersebut, olehnya itu, tidak dapat digantikan dengan that.

Gunakan THE untuk: Jangan gunakan THE untuk:


Nama samudra, laut, sungai, teluk, plural lakes Nama danau
(nama danau yang terdiri dari 2 danau atau Contoh: Lake Toba, Lake Batur, Lake Erie
lebih).
Contoh: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean,
the Java Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Great Lakes,
the Citarum River
Nama pegunungan Nama gunung
Contoh: the Rocky Mountains, the Andes, the Contoh: Mount Merapi, Mount Semeru,
Bukit Barisan Mount Kilimanjaro. Mount Everest.
Earth, moon, sun Nama planet (selain bumi), rasi bintang
Contoh: the earth, the moon, the sun Contoh: Mars, Venus, Orion,
Nama sekolah, universitas, college jika sekolah, Nama sekolah, universitas, college jika
universitas, college ditempatkan di depan. sekolah, universitas, college ditempatkan
Contoh: the School of Coopers Art, the di belakang.
University of Gadjah Mada, the college of Arts Contoh: Coopers Art school, Gadjah
and Sciences. Mada University, Sante Fe Community
College.
Ordinal number sebelum nouns Cardinal number setelah nouns
Contoh: the Second World War, the third Contoh: World War Two, Chapter three.
chapter
Nama perang (kecuali perang dunia)
Contoh: the Korean War, the Crimean War, the
Civil War
Nama negara yang terdiri dari 2 kata atau lebih Nama negara jika hanya terdiri dari satu
(kecuali Great Britain) kata
Contoh: the United States of America, the Contoh: Indonesia, China, Canada,
BIMBEL GALENIA STUDY CENTER (GSC)
Central African Republic France
Nama benua
Contoh: Asia, Europe, South America.
Nama state/province
Contoh: Florida, Ohio, California,
Manitoba, Jawa Timur, Sulawesi Utara.
Dokumen bersejarah
Contoh: the constitution, the Magna Carta
Nama Olahraga
Contoh: basketball, football, tennis
Noun abstract
Contoh: freedom, happiness
Bidang ilmu
Contoh: mathematics, Economics,
sociology
Nama hari raya
Contoh: Christmas, Thanksgiving, Idul
Fitri, Independence day

Contoh:

1. Bryan Adams was born in Canada, but he lives in Great Britain. Celine Dion is also
a Canadian born singer, but she lives in the United States now.
2. The Great Lakes consist of five lakes one of which is Lake Ontario.
3. The earth travels around the sun, and so does Mars.

1. You are the strongest in our class


2. He is the youngest in my family
3. She is the best pianist in the school band
4. This book is the most exciting of three
5. This is the most famous restaurant in this town
6. It is the most expensive hotel in the city
7. Math is as interesting as science
8. He ran as fast as possible
9. The smallest bats are as light as a coin
10. We will get there as soon as possible

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