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Turning Tutorial - Stub Axle

Turning Tutorial - Stub Axle In this tutorial you will learn how to machine the turning

In this tutorial you will learn how to machine the turning part above using the following steps:

Job Setup

Facing

Before proceeding, open the part StubAxle.SLDASM into HSMWorks.

The files used in this manual can be found in the examples folder in the

The files used in this manual can be found in the examples folder in the folder where HSMWorks is installed. Typically, this is something like C:\Program Files\HSMWorks\examples\

The file for this tutorial is an assembly and contains the final component as well as the stock shape we start from.

Job Setup

We begin with setting up common job parameters.

Open the HSMWorks operation manager by clicking

.
.

Right-click on StubAxle Operation(s) and select

Right-click on StubAxle Operation(s) and select

New Job

Job

Select Turning or Mill/Turn for the Job type under the Job group.

Stock

In the group Stock, change the Stock Definition from Automatic to From Solid.

Next, select the component Stock^StubAxle<1> as the stock by either:

 

o

In the model window, right-click on the model.

 

o

Choose Select Other.

o

From the list, select Stock^StubAxle<1>.

 

or:

 

o

In the model window click the

  o In the model window click the in front of StubAxle to expand the Assembly

in front of

  o In the model window click the in front of StubAxle to expand the Assembly

StubAxle to expand the Assembly tree.

o

Select the Stock^StubAxle<1> component feature.

Your selection should look like this:

component feature. Your selection should look like this: Model  In the group Model , right-click

Model

In the group Model, right-click in the selection field and choose Clear Selections.

Next, select the component StubAxle<1> as the surfaces by either:

o In the model window, click on the model.

or:

o

In the model window click the

o In the model window click the in front of StubAxle to expand the Assembly tree.

in front of

o In the model window click the in front of StubAxle to expand the Assembly tree.

StubAxle to expand the Assembly tree.

o

Select the StubAxle<1> component feature.

Work Coordinate System (WCS)

Select Use Model & Orientation for the Tool Orientation Selection.

Click on the WCS Orientation box and select Front Plane in the Assembly tree to define the

location of the work coordinates. Ensure Top Center is selected as WCS Origin.

Change Home Position to 5mm to ensure all movements start out of the stock limits.

Click

Position to 5mm to ensure all movements start out of the stock limits.  Click at

at the top of the property manager.

Facing

We will use the Turning Face strategy to mechanice the front side of the stock:

Click the strategy Turning Face

side of the stock:  Click the strategy Turning Face on the CAM toolbar. This creates

on the CAM toolbar. This creates a new operation and opens

the Property Manager where you can edit the individual parameters controlling the toolpath, as

well as selecting the actual geometry to machine.

The property page is divided into number of groups, and in this tutorial we will go through each one by one changing the necessary settings in each group as we go along.

Tool

Tool

Press

settings in each group as we go along. Tool  Press This opens the Tool Library

This opens the Tool Library where you can select from existing tools in a library or define a new tool.

Add a new tool with default dimensions:

Press

new tool. Add a new tool with default dimensions:  Press  In the Insert tab,

In the Insert tab, select a 80deg Diamond - Shape C - as insert for general turning. Leave the rest

of the parameters by default (Name should be CNMT09T308)

In the Holder tab, select a -5deg side (both) holder - Style L - for general turning. Leave the rest

of the parameters by default.

Press the OK button to create your new tool.

Press

to select the tool for your operation and close the tool dialog.Press the OK button to create your new tool.  Press Geometry By default, the facing

Geometrythe tool for your operation and close the tool dialog. By default, the facing operation machines

By default, the facing operation machines the whole front side of the stock. This is exactly what we need in this operation so there is no need to define any confinement or model.

Radii

Radii

When activating the Radii tab, a preview of the radius limits will be shown:

Preview of the radius limits for the facing operation. Leave the default values. Passes The

Preview of the radius limits for the facing operation.

Leave the default values.

Passes

Passes

The parameters in this group controls how the actual facing toolpath is laid out.

Enable Multiple passes:

Multiple passesfacing toolpath is laid out.  Enable Multiple passes :  Set Number of Stepovers :

Set Number of Stepovers:

2

2

2
2

Start Calculation

Click

Set Number of Stepovers : 2 Start Calculation  Click at the top of the property

at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this:

Turning Profile

The next operation will be machining the profile of the part to remove most of the excess material. To do this, we will use the Turning Profile strategy with the same tool used in the previous operation.

Click the strategy Turning Profile

previous operation.  Click the strategy Turning Profile you will see the following groups. on the

you will see the following groups.

on the CAM toolbar. This opens the Property Manager and

Tool

Tool

The previous tool #1 - CNMT09T308 should still be selected. We will leave all settings in this group unchanged.

GeometryWe will leave all settings in this group unchanged. We want to machine a bit further

We want to machine a bit further than the backside of the part, to clean the cutting-off area and the fillet. A confinement has to be defined to extend the operation over the part limits.

Enable the Confinement group.

Set Backside Stock Offset:

5mm

5mm

5mm
5mm
Passes

Passes

Turning Profile

The parameters in this group controls how the actual profile toolpath is laid out.

Disable Allow grooving:

Allow groovingprofile toolpath is laid out.  Disable Allow grooving :  Enable Roughing Passes : Roughing

Enable Roughing Passes:

Roughing Passes

Roughing Passes

Set Maximum Roughing Stepdown:

2mm

2mm

2mm
2mm

Enable Finishing Passes:

Set Maximum Stepover:

0.5mm

0.5mm

0.5mm
0.5mm

Start Calculation

Click

Set Maximum Stepover : 0.5mm Start Calculation  Click at the top of the property manager.

at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this:

: 0.5mm Start Calculation  Click at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath

Profile Grooving

Next we need to machine the central groove and to clean the corners/angles since the previous operation left material in these areas due to the corner radius of the insert used. It is possible to do that in one single operation using the Turning Profile Groove strategy to remove the excess material.

Click the strategy Turning Profile Groove

material.  Click the strategy Turning Profile Groove Manager and you will see the following groups.

Manager and you will see the following groups.

on the CAM toolbar. This opens the Property

Toolgroups. on the CAM toolbar. This opens the Property  Press  Press to open the

Press

Press

to open the Tool Library . Tool Library.

Tool  Press  Press to open the Tool Library . to add a new tool.

to add a new tool.

In the Insert tab, select Grooving in the Type drop-down list. Select a Square Shape for the tool

tip and enter the following values:

o

Groove width = 2.5mm

o

Width = 2.2mm

o

Corner radius = 0.25mm

Leave the rest of the values by deafult.

In the Holder tab, increase the Cutting width up to 50mm (we are going to use the same tool for

the parting operation).

Press the OK button to create your new tool.

Press

to select the tool for your operation and close the tool dialog.Press the OK button to create your new tool.  Press Geometry We only want to

Geometrythe tool for your operation and close the tool dialog. We only want to remove the

We only want to remove the material the previous operation did not remove.

Enable Rest Machining:

Rest Machining

Rest Machining

Passes

Passes

Turning Profile Groove

This group controls how the grooving toolpath will be calculated.

Enable Roughing Passes:

Roughing Passes

Roughing Passes

Set Maximum Roughing Stepdown:

1mm

1mm

1mm
1mm

Enable Finishing Passes:

Finishing Passes

Finishing Passes

Set Maximum Stepover:

0.2mm

0.2mm

0.2mm
0.2mm

Start Calculation

Click

Set Maximum Stepover : 0.2mm Start Calculation  Click at the top of the property manager.

at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this:

: 0.2mm Start Calculation  Click at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath

Cylindrical Thread

The next operation will be to machine an external thread (M20x2.5) in the front part of the stub axle. We will use the Turning Thread strategy to generate the toolpath for the threading operation.

Click the strategy Turning Thread

threading operation.  Click the strategy Turning Thread you will see the following groups. on the

you will see the following groups.

on the CAM toolbar. This opens the Property Manager and

Toolon the CAM toolbar. This opens the Property Manager and  Press This opens the Tool

Press

This opens the Property Manager and Tool  Press This opens the Tool Library where you

This opens the Tool Library where you can select from existing tools in a library or define a new tool.

Add a new tool for the threading operation:

Press

tool. Add a new tool for the threading operation:  Press  In the Insert tab,

In the Insert tab, select Threading in the Type drop-down list. Select ISO Triangular Full

Profile as Shape for the insert. Set the Thread pitch to 2.5mm (M20x2.5). Leave the rest of the

values by default.

In the Holder tab, select a Straight Threading holder with the default values.

Press the OK button to create your new tool.

Press

to select the tool for your operation and close the tool dialog.Press the OK button to create your new tool.  Press Geometry Threads Select the area

Geometrythe tool for your operation and close the tool dialog. Threads Select the area of the

Threads

Select the area of the part where the thread operation will be performed.

Confinement The thread do not cover the whole selected area, so we have to define

Confinement

The thread do not cover the whole selected area, so we have to define a confinement for the operation.

Enable the Confinement group.

Set Frontside Stock Offset:

2mm

2mm

2mm
2mm

Set Backside Stock Offset:

-5mm

-5mm

-5mm
-5mm
Passes

Passes

Turning Thread

Use these settings:

Ensure Thread Type is set to Right handed.

Set Thread Depth:

2mm

2mm

2mm
2mm

Set Number of Stepdowns:

8

8

8
8

Verify that the tool thread pitch is set in the field Thread Pitch:

2.5mm

2.5mm

2.5mm
2.5mm

The thread does not end in a groove, so ensure the option Fade Thread End is enabled to fade out

the thread at the end.

Start Calculation

Click

fade out the thread at the end. Start Calculation  Click at the top of the

at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this:

manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this: Disable the option Toolpath Occlusion in the View

Disable the option Toolpath Occlusion in the View menu to see the threading toolpath going through the stock.

this: Disable the option Toolpath Occlusion in the View menu to see the threading toolpath going

Cutting Off the Part

The last operation will be cut off the part. We will use the same tool as for the grooving operation.

Click the strategy Turning Part

grooving operation.  Click the strategy Turning Part you will see the following groups. on the

you will see the following groups.

on the CAM toolbar. This opens the Property Manager and

Tool

Tool

Press

This opens the Property Manager and Tool  Press  Select tool #2 - turning grooving

Select tool #2 - turning grooving used with the Turning Profile Groove1 operation.

Press

used with the Turning Profile Groove1 operation.  Press Start calculation  Click at the top

Start calculation

Click

Groove1 operation.  Press Start calculation  Click at the top of the property manager. The

at the top of the property manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this:

manager. The resulting toolpath will look like this: To verify the toolpath use the stock simulation,

To verify the toolpath use the stock simulation, right click on the Job node in the Operation Manager and

select Stock Simulation (All). Press the Start button stock shape.

and select Stock Simulation (All) . Press the Start button stock shape. and watch the stock

and watch the stock simulation up to the final

Click to exit the Stock Simulation. Stock Simulation Congratulations! You have completed this tutorial.

Click

Click to exit the Stock Simulation. Stock Simulation Congratulations! You have completed this tutorial.

to exit the Stock Simulation.

Stock Simulation

Congratulations! You have completed this tutorial.