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1 A valve that controls flow by means of a disk or wedge-shaped dam gate valve butterfly valve globe valve orifice

sliding at right angles to the direction of flow and seating tightly in

the valve body is a

2 The friction factor for flow through a pipe with relative roughness of 0.052 0.025 0.03 0.038

0.004 at a Reynold's No. of 80,000 is approximately equal to

3 The equation that relates friction factor and Reynold's No., smooth pipes laminar and turbulent flow laminar flow only

f=64/Reynold's No. holds for turbulent flow only

4 Oil flows under laminar conditions inside a steam heated copper equal to the heat the average equal to the heat equal to the heat

pipe. The overall heat transfer coefficient is approximately transfer between the heat transfer transfer coefficient of

coefficient of the transfer coefficient coefficient the steam

oil of the steam and equivalent to the

that of oil resistance

offerred by the

pipe

5 In multi-stage liquid-liquid extraction with partially miscible solvents the extraction the minimum the minimum the amount of

must be done to number of stages number of stages solvent used must be

form co-currently occur when the occur when the enough to form 2

in order to operating lines are tie line coincides phases.

minimize the parallel. with an operating

extraction. line.

6 The enrichment of the vapor steam as it passes through the column evaporation stripping rectification fractionation

in contact with the reflux during distillation is called

7 The maximum number of plates for a given distillation system is variable reflux maximum reflux minimum reflux optimum reflux

obtained at

8 The correct unit for the specific rate constant for the reaction A--->B square square liter/square mol/liter/min liter/mol/min

determined to be first order is liter/square mol/square min

mol/min

9 On one side of a heat exchanger where either a condensing vapor large effect little effect no effect significant effect

or a boiling liquid is present, the temperature may be assumed to be

constant. In determining the logarithmic mean temperature

difference the direction of flow will have

10 For a cylinder where steady-state radial heat transfer takes place the heat flux is maximum heat the heat transfer the temperature is

constant transfer rate is constant uniform throughout

occurs at the the cylinder

surface

11 A plate holding a pool of liquid from which rises a vapor whose separation plate theoretical plate transition plate bubble plate

average composition is in equilibrium with a liquid whose

composition is the average of that of the liquid leaving the plate is

called

12 Crystallization occurs in a solution that is concentrated unsaturated supersaturated saturated

13 Mass transfer in a flowing fluid may be correlated by Sherwood, Peclet, Reynold's Sherwood, Prandtl, Schimdt and

Nusselt and and Schimdt No Reynold's and Reynold's No

Reynold's No Schimdt No

14 The ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the average settling ratio discharge ratio reduction ratio classification ratio

diameter of the product is the

15 The rate of formation of C for the reaction 2A + B ---> C is found to the rate of the order of the value of k is the reaction cannot

be rate=k(A)(B) formation of C is reactio is zero independent of proceed

equal to the rate the initial

of disappearance concentrations of

of B A and B

16 A device for increasing the velocity of a fluid in steady flow is a nozzle vent orifice venturi

17 In steady-state backmix flow reactor, composition is not constant constant a function of time not uniform

throughout the throughout the throughout the

reactor reactor reactor and varies

from time to time

18 The amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property net value salvage value book value market value

over and above any changers involved in removal and sale is called

19 In fractionation, an increase in reflux ratio increases the decreases the increases the increases the

number of reboiler duty amount of condenser duty

theoretical plates distillate

20 In mass transfer where the solute in the gas phase is very soluble in the ratio of liquid the gas phase the gas phase the ratio of gas

the liquid phase phase resistance resistance is resistance is phase resistance to

to the overall approximately negligible liquid resistance is

resistance is equal to the total approximately zero

close to unity resistance

21 Heat transfer in turbulent flow may be described through an Nusselt, Stanton Nusselt, Prandtl Peclet, Stanton Schimdt, Peclet and

empirical equation correlating and Reynold's and Reynold's and Prandtl Nos Friction Nos

Nos Nos

22 Which of the following fittings exhibits the highest pressure drop for 90-degree long 90-degree 45-degree square-corner elbow

the same flow conditions? radius elbow standard elbow standard elbow

23 A chamber into which steam from a high pressure line can be bled switching bank vent compressor accumulator

during periods of low steam demand from the power plant is called

24 Which one of the following pipes has the highest relative 2" diameter 4" dia Wrought 1" dia Drawn 4" dia Riveted steel

roughness? Wrought iron pipe iron pipe tubing pipe

25 In steady-state heat transfer through a series of materials with decreases varies with the through each is constant

varying resistances, the heat transfer rate towards the thermal material is throughout the series

direction of heat conductivity of inversely of materials

transfer each material proportional to

the thickness of

the material

26 Reactions whereby reactants proceed along several paths and give polymeric reversible parallel reactions consecutive

different products are reactions reactions reactions

27 Which one among the following materials has the best insulating window glass wood air concret

property?

28 An operation where warm vapor mixture is cooled such as by evaporation dehumidification humidification extraction

contact with a liquid resulting in condensation and decreased

humidity is

29 The pressure exerted on a plane parallel to the direction of flow of a gauge pressure velocity pressure tangential static pressure

moving fluid is called pressure

30 For mass transfer to take place, there must be a phase change reaction concentration momentum gradient

component gradient

31 Water vapor condenses at 1 atm on a tube whose surface 212 deg F 80 deg F 113 deg F 146 deg F

tmeperature is at 80 deg F. in analyzing the heat transfer through the

condensate film, it is best to evaluate the liquid properties at

32 The diffusity of water in air at 100 deg F in sq.cm./sec is 0.256 0.278 1.484 0.581

33 A fluid flowing at a rate of 25 cubic meters per hour inside a 60 mm 5.9 2.5 1.5 0.6

I.D. pipe has an average velocity in meter per sec equal to

34 An equimolar mixture of benzene and toluene is subjected to a 66.6 58.1 33.4 54.4

single batch distillation. Distillation is discontinued when 60% of the

benzene in the feed is distilled. At this instance the bottom product

when analyzed shows benzene to be 36.4 mole%. In the distillate,

the mole% of benzene is

35 When 32 kg of methane is burned completely the theoretical oxygen 16 kg 64 kg 128 kg 32 kg

required is

36 The standard heat of reaction for the production of water gas, in 32.2 31.4 26.4 57.8

kcal/gmole, as given by the equation: C(s) + H2O(g) = CO(g) +

H2(g) is

37 A rectangular duct 4 ft x 1.5 ft in cross section carries conditioned 4 2.18 1.5 2.75

air. In determining the pressure drop through the duct the equivalent

diameter in ft may be used which in this case is

38 A gas decomposition reaction has an activation energy of 245 over 100,000 but over 100 but less over 20 million over 2 but less than

kJ/mol. The rate of reaction can be accelerated by using a platinum less than a million than 200 3

catalyst where the activation energy for the resulting catalyzed

reactions is lower at 136 kJ/mol. Using Arrhenius' law and assuming

the frequency factor remains the same the catalyzed reaction is

faster than the original reaction by a factor of

39 Water at 100 deg F is flowing through a straight 4-in Sch 40 pipe at 0.0378 0.0504 0.0454 0.0252

a rate of 1.0 gal/min. The length of the pipe is 10 ft. The velocity at

the center of the pipe in ft per sec is

40 A metallic rod 2 cm in diameter is used as a heating element. The 4440000 5130000 6930000 2040000

thermal conductivity is 370 J/sec.sq.m.degC. The surface

temperature is maintained at 200 deg C. For the center of the rod

not to exceed 500 deg C, the maximum volumetric heat generation

rate within the metallic rod in J/sec cu.m. must be

41 This is a steady state temperature reached by a small amount of wet-bulb dew point saturation dry-bulb temperature

liquid evaporating into a large amount of unsaturated vapor-gas temperature temperature

mixture.

42 Air, supplied at the rate of 1200 cfm to a refrigerated coil, has a 74.3 75 75.26 78.5

relative humidity of 20% and dry bulb temperature of 150 deg F. The

mass flow of dry air entering per minute is

43 In adiabatic humidification, it is possible to maintain the temperature according to the the system can be the temperature increase in the

of water constant since phase rule, the well insulated from of the air can humidity of the air is

degrees of the surroundings also be insignificant

freedom is 3 maintained

constant

44 An air-carbon tetrachloride vapor mixture at 100 deg F dry bulb and 0.1 0.05 0.02 0.01

60 deg F wet bulb is heated until the temperature reaches 180 deg

F. the final percent relative humidity is about

45 The portion of water in the wet solid that cannot be removed by the free moisture final moisture equilibrium critical moisture

air in its contact is called content moisture content content

46 This type of drier is used for drying pasty materials such as wet filter rotary drier flash drier tray drier freeze drier

cakes and lumpy solids

47 In the constant-rate period, the rate of drying is established by a balance of the the internal air flow air flow parallel to the

heat movement of perpendicular to solid surface

requirements for moisture beneath the surface of

evaporation and the surface of the the solid

the rate at which solid

heat reaches the

surface

48 Unbound moisture in granular and porous solid moves through the desorption surface tension surface renewal moisture diffusivity

intertices of the solid by a mechanism involving

49 Wet solid is to be dried from 40% to 10% in 5 hours under constant 0.542 hrs 1.846 hrs 2.129 hrs 3.42 hrs

drying conditions. The critical moisture content is 20% and the

equilibrium moisture content is 7%. All moisture contents are on dry

basis. The time needed to dry from 15% to 5% free moisture under

the same drying conditions is

50 If the rate of drying under constant drying conditions with air at 140 0.12 0.034 0.01155 0.00116

deg F and absolute humidity of 0.03 lb water per lb dry air of

unknown mass of solid is given by R=0.5-exp(-60X) [in lb water/hr-

sqft], then the equilibrium moisture content (db) of the material is

51 In drying at the falling rate period, the rate at which moisture is remains constant increases with decreases with no drying takes place

removed from the solid material time time

52 The major problem in diffusion is to promote diffusion of the solute to reduce the to use counter to use cross flow to use spray

out of the solid and into the liquid. The most effective way of doing solid to the current operation evaporation percolators

this is smallest size

feasible

53 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100 kg contains 75 kg inert solids 0.3 0.8 1.5 2.3

and 25 kg of solution 10 weight % oil and 90% wt solvent hexane.

This slurry is contacted with 100 kg pure hexane in a single stage so

that the value of retention for the outlet underflow is 1.5 kg of

insoluble solid per kg solvent in the adhering solution. The

composition of underflow leaving the extraction stage in %wt oil is

lb per hour using n-hexane containing 5% oil as solvent. A

countercurrent mulitple stage extraction system is to be used. The

meal retains 2 lb of solvent per pound of oil free meal while the

residual charge contain 0.11 lb oil per lb oil free meal while the

product is conposed of 15% oil. The theoretical number of ideal

stages is

55 The movement of molecules over a substantial distance is convection conduction radiation all of A, B and C

associated with the transfer of heat by

56 The mode of heat transfer that can take place in a vacuum is known convection conduction radiation all of A, B and C

as

57 The overall conductance for a composite material in series is equal sum of the sum of the inverse of the sum of the individual

to the individual individual total resistance resistances

conductances conductivities

58 Film and drop are terms associated with boiling condensation evaporation all of A, B and C

59 A 6-in Sch 80 steel pipe is carrying glycerin at an average 99.95 415.7 451.7 475.1

temperature of 100 deg F. The pipe is uninsulated, and the outside

temperature is 30 deg F. The inside film conductance is 1000 Btu/h-

ft-degF while the outside film conductance is 3.0 Btu/h-sq.ft.-degF.

Determine the heat lost [Btu] per minute from a 75-ft length of the

pipe. Glycerine is flowing at 800 gpm.

60 An oak (k=0.096 Btu/h-ft-degF) door, 30 in wide, 78 in high, and 2 in 97 242 5800 139200

thick, has 9 glass (k=0.45 Btu/h-ft-degF) windows, each 6 in by 8 in

by 1/4 in thick. Determine the amount of heat lost [Btu] each day

with a surface-to-surface temperature difference of 80 deg F.

61 Determine the length needed for a simple concentric-tube, parallel 185.5 m 11.02 m 5.51 m 4.14 m

flow heat exchanger to transfer heat from hot water to cold water at

a rate of 900 W. The heat exchanger consists of two Type K copper

(k=386 W/m-degC) tubes. The smaller tube has an inside diameter

of 49.8 mm and an outside diameter of 54.0 mm. Assume that both

film coefficients are equal to 100 W/sq.m.-degC. The hot water

enters at 90 degC and leaves at 50 degC, and the cold water enters

at 10 degC and leaves at 40 degC.

62 A saturated solution containing 1500 kg of potassium chloride at 360 4301 kg 1500 kg 966 kg 534 kg

K is cooled in an open tank to 290K. If the specific gravity of the

solution is 1.2, the solubility of potassium chloride per 100 parts of

water is 53.55 at 360K and 34.5 at 290K, calculate the amount of

crystals obtained assuming that loss of water by evaporation is

negligible.

63 An evaporator, working at atmospheric pressure, is to concentrate a 55.8 sq.m. 58.5 sq.m. 85.8 sq.m. 88.5 sq.m.

solution from 5% to 20% solids at the rate of 1.25 kg/s. The solution

which has a specific heat of 4.18 kJ/kg-K is fed to the evpaorator at

295K and boils at 380K. Dry saturated steam at 240 kPa is fed to

the calandria and the condensate leaves at the temperature of the

condensing steam. If the heat transfer coefficient is 2.3 kW/sq.m-K,

what is the required area of heat transfer surface. The latent heat of

vaporization maybe taken as the same as that of water.

64 2.5 kg/s of a solution at 288K containing 10% dissolved solids is fed 115 kPa 101.3 kPa 14 kPa zero gauge

to a forward-feed double effect evaporator operating at a pressure of

14 kPa in the last effect. If the product is to consist of a liquid

containing 50% by weight of dissolved solids and dry saturated

steam is fed to the steam coils, what should be the pressure of the

steam? The surface in each effect is 50 sq.m. and the coefficients

for heat transfer in the first and second effects are 2.8 and 1.7

kW/sq.m.-K respectively. Assume that the concentrated solution

exhibits a boiling point rise of 5 degK, that the latent heat has a

constant value of 2260 kJ/kg and that the specific heat of the liquid

stream is constant at 3.75 kJ/kgK.

65 An acetone-air mixture containing 0.015 mol fraction of acetone has 10.92 9.12 4.72 3.03

the mol fraction reduced to 1% of this value by countercurrent

absorption with water in a packed tower. The gas flow-rate G is 1

kg/sq.m-s of air and the water entering is 1.6 kg/sq.m-s. For this

system, Henry's law holds and Ye=1.75x, where Ye is the mol

fraction of acetone in the vapour in equilibrium with a mol fraction x

in the liquid. How many overall transfer units are required?

65%, para-xylene 17%, benzene 4%, and ethylbenzene 4%. How

many plates at total reflux are required to give a product of 80%

meta-xylene and 14% para-xylene? The data are given as mole

percent.

67 A mixture of alcohol and water with 0.45 mol fraction of alcohol is to 10 9 8 7

be continuously distilled in a column so as to give a top product of

0.825 mol fraction alcohol and a liquor at the bottom with 0.05 mol

fraction alcohol. How many theoretical plates are required if the

reflux ratio used is 3?

68 Prepared cottonseed meats containing 35% extractable oil are fed to 72.2 28.7 27.8 22.7

a continuous countercurrent extractor of the intermittent drainage

type using hexane as solvent. The extractor consists of ten sections,

the section efficiency being 50%. The entrainment, assumed

constant, is 1 kg solution/kg solids. What will be the oil concentration

in the outflowing solvent if the extractable oil content in the meats is

to be reduced to 0.5% by weight?

69 0.4 kg/s of dry seashore sand, containing 1% by weight of salt, is to 0.492 0.429 0.294 0.249

be washed with 0.4 kg/s of fresh water running countercurrent to the

sand through two classifiers in series. Assume that perfect mixing of

the sand and water occurs in each classifier and that the sand

discharged from each classifier contains one part of water for every

two of sand (by weight). If the washed sand is dried in a kiln drier,

what percent of salt will it retain?

70 Forty-five pounds per minute of water is heated from 60 to 180 deg 2173 696 577 241

F in a 5/8 in., 16 BWG heat exchanger tube. If the steam

condensing at 260 deg F, on the outside of the tube gives an h of

1000 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF, calculate the inside heat transfer coefficient

[Btu/hr-cu.ft-degF].

71 How many cu.ft. per minute of entering air is needed to evaporate 12.54 12.68 13.76 16.28

10 lb of water per hour from a rayon, if the air enters at 80 deg F and

25% humidity and leaves at 170 deg F and 55% relative humidity.

The operating pressure is 14.3 psia.

72 Nicotine is to be extracted from water using kerosene. If 100 lb of a 64.5 54.6 46.5 45.6

2% nicotene solution is extracted once with 200 lb of kerosene, what

percent of the nicotene is extracted? {Equilibrium data: Y[lb

nicotene/lb kerosene] = 0.90X [lb nicotene/lb water]}

73 We must cool 2500 gpm of water from 120 to 80 deg F. A cooling 77.2 150 227.2 300

tower, at 70 deg F and 1 atm, is to be designed to operate with

entering air of 40% relative humidity. How many gpm of makeup

water must be supplied if windage loss is 95% of the amount lost by

evaporation.

74 We wish to build an economical cold room 20 ft square and 10 ft 3537 8457 11994 20451

high. The outside temperature is 80 deg F and te room is to be

maintained at 0 deg F. The boss has suggested parallel wooden

outer and inner walls separated by a 6-in air space. What will be the

heat loss [Btu/hr] through each wall?

75 A colloidal solution is to be concentrated from 15 to 65% solids. The 10500 35000 40130 45500

specific heat of the feed, entering at 50 deg F is 0.93. The pressure

of the saturated steam to the evaporator is 10 psia; the condenser

pressure is 5-in. Hg abs. The steam chest has an overall heat

transfer coefficient of 200 Btu/hr-sq.ft.-degF. Water must be

evaporated at the rate of 35,000 lb/hr. Neglecting boiling point

elevation, what is the steam consumption [lb/hr]?

76 What is the settling time [sec] for galena particles to settle under free 38.1 18.3 13.8 5

settling conditions through 5 ft of water at 50 deg F. Galena is

spherical in shape, with specific gravity and 0.01 inch in diameter.

77 A 10-ft diameter tank with a quick-opening value to a sump has a 2951 1644 1163 19.4

10-ft depth of liquid. How long [t in sec] does it take to drain the tank

if the valve is assumed to be equivalent to a 4-in diameter orifice?

The liquid density is 60 lb/cu.ft.

78 What size sharp-edged orifice [inches] was in use if a flow of 120 2.21 1.35 4.67 2

gpm produced a 4-in Hg differential in a 4-in Schedule 40 pipe. The

fluid, measured at 60 degF, had a viscosity of 1 cSt and a specific

gravity of 1.

79 Seven hundred gallons per minute of water are being discharged by 63 84 95 100

a centrifugal pump 5 ft above the pump inlet. The inlet pressure is 4-

in Hg above atmospheric and the discharge pressure is 29 psia. If

the pump has an 8-inch diameter inlet and a 4-inch diameter

discharge, calculate the pump efficiency.

80 Determine the net positive suction head available to a centrifugal 34.2 27.7 7 0.52

pump when the level of water is just at the suction point. The

pumped fluid is water at 140 deg F and it is pumped from an

atmospheric tank at 250 gpm. The tank suction point is 7 ft above

the pump. The piping is 5-in Schedule 40, 10-ft long with two short

radius 90 deg elbows. [Use density=61.38 lb/cuft, Pv=2.89 psi,

viscosity=0.47 cP]

81 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe. A pitot 11.61 14.24 31.7 37.1

tube in the pipe shows a 3-inch Hg differential. If the pitot tube is

located at the center of the pipe, what is the mass flow rate of the

water [lb/s]?

82 The gas phase irreversible reaction A+B---->C is elementary. The 113 227 851 900

entering flow rate of A is 10 mol/min and is equal molar in A and B.

The entering concentration of A is 0.4 mol/L. What CSTR volume [L]

is necessary to achieve 90% conversion?

83 The irreversible zero order gas phase dimerization 2A ----->A2 is 0.15 0.5 0.75 1

carried out in a packed bed reactor with 5 kg of catalyst. The

entering pressure is 10 atm and the exit pressure is 1 atm. Pure A

enters at a flow rate of 10 mol/min. The reaction is zero order in A.

What is the exit conversion?

84 The gas phase reaction 2A+B----->C is carried out in a PFR. The [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1- [B]=0.4(1-x)/(1- [B]=0.4(1-0.5x)/ [B]=0.2

feed is equal molar in A and B and the entering temperature is 500K 0.5x) 1.5x) (1-x)

and the entering pressure is 16.4 atm. If the exit conversion is x,

then the exit concentration of B is

85 Heat is generated in a 2.5 cm square copper rod at the rate of 75.2 55.2 25.2 20

35.3e6 W/cu.m. The rod is exposed to a convection environment at

20 deg C where the convection heat transfer coefficient is 4

kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the surface temperature [deg C] of the

rod.

86 A 5cm diameter cylinder is maintained at a constant temperature of 13 272 3478 3750

200 deg C and it is "completely enclosed" by a wind tunnel test

chamber, walls of which are at 10 deg C. Air at 350K is forced

across the cylinder at a velocity of 50 m/s (h=180 W/m-degC). If the

surface emissivity of the cylinder is 0.7, determine the total (i.e.,

convective and radiative) heat transfer from the cylinder [W per

meter length].

87 A building wall consists of a 6-in of concrete (kc= 0.7 Btu/hr-ft-degF), 0.028 0.119 0.714 6.01

2 in of fiber insulating board, and 3/8 in of gypsum board (kg=0.03

Btu/hr-ft-degF). The inside and outside heat transfer coefficients are

2 and 7 Btu/hr-sqft-degF, respectively. The inside temperature is 72

degF and the outside temperature is 20 degF. Determine the overall

heat transfer coefficient for this wall [Btu/hr-sqft-degF].

88 Current is passed through a cylindrical laboratory heater, which has 325 300 100 25

a 3 cm diameter, generating heat at the rate of 20 MW/cu.m. The

heater is exposed to a convection environment at 25 degC where

the convection heat transfer coefficient is 0.5 kW/sq.m.-degC.

Determine its surface temperature [degC].

89 A straight rectangular fin has a length of 3.5 cm, a thickness of 1.5 1500 W 4392 W 13943 W 19343 W

mm, and is made of a material characterized by thermal conductivity

of 255 W/m-degC. The fin is exposed to a convection environment at

20 degC and h=1.5 kW/sq.m.-degC. Determine the maximum

possible heat transfer from this fin for the base temperature of 150

degC.

(C2H6) and 40% propane (C3H8), where all percentages are by

volume. The volumetric analysis of the dry products of combustion

(ie. everything except the water) for this fuel gives 10.6% carbon

dioxide (CO2), 3% oxygen (O2), 1% carbon monoxide (CO) and

85.4% nitrogen (N2). Determine the air fuel ratio on a mass basis for

this reaction.

91 Dodecane (C12H26) gas at 25 degC is burned in a steady flow 170 100 38 0.038

combustion chamber with 20% excess air that enters at -23.15

degC. The products leave the combustion chamber at 500K.

Assuming steady operating conditions and complete combustion,

determine the required mass flow rate of the dodecane to supply

heat at a rate of 1.5 kW [kg/s].

92 Two rooms A and B of identical volume are connected by an open A B both contain the

doorway. The thermostat in the rooms are set so that Ta<Tb. Which same no of air

room contains more air molecules? molecules

93 If the absolute temperature of a gas is doubled, the mean speed of is doubled. increases 4 times increases by decreases.

the gas molecules about 40%

94 When ice cubes melt in a glass of water, the temperature of the increases. decreases. stays constant.

resulting mixture of water and ice

95 In all naturally occurring processes, the entropy of the universe increases. decreases. stays the same. may increase or

decrease.

96 An inventor seeking a patent claims that a building may be The application The application The application The application

comfortably heated in winter by a device that draws heat into the should be should be rejected should be should be given full

building from the earth, even though the temperature of the earth is rejected because because it violates rejected because consideration

lower than the desired temperature inside the building. He further it violates the first the second law of it violates both because it does not

claims that the quantity of heat supplied to the building in a given law of Thermodynamics. 1st and 2nd laws violate any laws of

time period can significantly exceed the work done by the device Thermodynamics. of Thermo. Thermodynamics.

during the same period. If you were a patent clerk (like the young

Albert Einstein), what should be your recommendation about the

application?

97 A fixture containing an ordinary incandescent light bulb is connected doubles. quadruples. increases 8x. increases 16x.

to a dimmer switch. The dimmer is adjusted so that the temperature

of the tungsten filament inside the bulb increases from 1300K to

2600K. The total power radiated by the bulb

98 A 30 MW geothermal electric power plant uses hot steam from the 2.5 e8 2.2 e8 3 e7 5.2 e8

earth at 157 deg C to heat and vaporize isobutane, which turns a

turbine that is connected to a generator. The isobutane is

subsequently cooled to 27 degC using fans and condensed back to

a liquid. The overall efficiency of the plant is 40% of the ideal

(Carnot) efficiency. How many joules of heat must be released to the

atmosphere per second?

99 The material which remains unchanged in a process is limiting reactant tie substance excess reactant product yield

100 The ratio of the total quantity of a reactant present in the reactor recycle ratio combined feed reactant ratio fresh-feed

feed of a recycling operation to the quantity of the same reactant ratio conversion

entering the operation as fresh feed is the

101 The heating value measured when water formed from combustion is Gross Calorific Heat of Latent Heat of Net Calorific Value

in the liquid state. Value combustion Condensation

102 In the combustion of solid fuels, the tie element between the feed cooked coal ash moisture volatile combustible

and the refuse is the matters

103 The coal analysis which is based upon the volatilization Proximate Modified analysis Ultimate analysis Elemental analysis

characteristics of the fuel is analysis

104 An Orsat analysis of the flue gas when pyrite is roasted is on a SO2-free basis SO3-free basis O2-free basis N2-free basis

105 The empirical relation which allows one to compute for the net Calderwood Theoretical Dulong's formula Oxygen unaccounted

hydrogen in a given solid fuel is the equation Oxygen Equation for equation

106 The equivalent of 45degTw in the Baume scale is 26.63 28.32 32.48 42.56

107 A furnace completely burns coal containing 70%C. Analysis of the 1.2 1.53 2.38 6.13

flue gas shows 15% CO2, 4% O2, 81% N2, and no CO. What is the

% of the net hydrogen in the coal?

108 Which has the lowest water content? dew point at 70% RH absolute 60% saturation

20degC humidity of 0.05

109 A contract was made between a buyer and a paper manufacturer for PhP 405 PhP 424.26 PhP 434.16 PhP 450

paper containing 5% moisture at PhP450/tonne FOB on

specifications that price adjustment will be made if the quality is

different. How much should the buyer pay for 1 tonne of paper with

8% moisture content? Freiht cost is PhP45/tonne.

110 One drier will dry a material from 45% moisture (wb) to 20% 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.05

moisture (db). From here the material enters another drier where the

water content is further reduced to give a final product weighing

1000 kg. If the total evporation from both driers is 800 kg, the

moisture of the final product is

111 An experimental oil is used to distill 6000 kg.hr of Athabasta tar sand 2250 3750 4350 6000

which analyzes 30% 'heavy oil', 'light oil', and non-volatile matter. If

the distillate contains 12 % heavy oil and this constitutes 25%

recovery of the component, the weight in kg of the distillate obtained

is

112 Coal fired in a furnace has a heating value of 13800 Btu/lb and 4.22 8 9.5 17

contains 78.05%C and 1.2%S. The proximate analysis shows 4%M,

24%FC, 8%A and the analysis of the refuse shows 8%VCM, 25%FC

and 32% ash. Calculate the % of C lost in the refuse.

113 Ninety grams of ethane and 384 grams of oxygen are fed 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.92

continuously to a laboratory furnace. The total combustion products

collected was 16.2 gmole with no carbon dioxide. However, not all of

the ethane was burned due to faulty combustion. The fraction of

ethane that was burned is equal to

114 The furnace at the Bataan refinery is using a fuel gas which contains 63.25 57.24 51.2 22.76

methane, ethane and 20% nitrogen. The orsat analysis of the

combustion products showed 7.8% CO2, 7.4% O2, and 84.8% N2.

The gas is burned with excess air. The % methane in the fuel gas is

115 Pyrite containing 78% FeS2 and 22% gangue is burned with excess 3.52 6.53 7.86 23.1

air to produce a stack gas with the following analysis: 7.29% SO2,

8.92%O2, 82.44%N2 and 1.35%SO3. If the cinder was found to

have a partial analysis of 62.10% Fe2O3, the % of FeS2 lost in the

pyrite is

116 The unit of k for a 1st order elementary reaction is 1/time conc/time 1/conc 1/conc-time

117 If the temperature of a chemical reaction is raised by 10 degC, the 4 3 2 1.5

rate of reaction is increased by a factor of

118 The E of a reaction may be lowered by increasing decreasing adding a catalyst removing the

temperature temperature products of the

reaction

119 The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from the activation the temperature the net equation the rate law.

energy dependency of the

rate

120 The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at a given depends on the depends on the does not depend is not a characteristic

temperature initial conc of the conc of one of the on the initial of the reaction

reactants products at concentrations

equilibrium

121 If the volume of a reaction vessel is suddenly reduced to one half its 2 4 8 16

original volume the rate will increase by a factor of

122 The rate of reaction is not influenced by conc of the molecularity of the nature of temperature

reactants reaction reactants

123 The net rate of reaction of an intermediate is 0 2 >0 <0

124 A reaction is known to be first order in A. A straight line will be log Ca vs time Ca vs time log Ca vs 1/Ca vs time

obtained by plotting reciprocal time

125 If the reaction 2A ---> B+C is second order, which of the following Ca^2 vs time 1/Ca vs time lof Ca vs time Ca vs time

plots will give a straight line?

126 For the reaction A+B ---> 2C, when Ca is doubled the rate doubles, -ra = k Ca^2 Cb^4 -ra = k Ca Cb^2 -ra = k Ca -ra = k Cb^2

when Cb is doubled the rate increases fourfold. The rate law is

127 It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the Le Chatelier's Hess' Law Law of Mass Second Law of

activity of the reactants. principle Action Thermo

128 The half life of a material undergoing second order decay is proportional to independent of proportional to inversely proportional

the square of the initial conc initial conc to initial conc

initial conc

129 A fluid flows through 2 CSTR in series. Each reactor has a capacity 66.8 74.7 85.3 99.1

of 400,000 L and the fluid enters at 100 L per hr. The fluid

undergoes a first order decay with a half life of 24 hours. Find the

conversion of the fluid.

130 A first order reaction has a specific rate constant of 3e-3 per sec. 0.0021 s 100 s 231 s 768 s

The half life is

131 A certain reaction is 1st order in A. In 30 min, the concentration of A 45.1 min 19.6 min 19.1 min 10.4 min

decreases from 0.55 to 0.15 mol/L. The time it will take for A to

decrease from 0.35 to 0.15 mol/L is

132 A gas decomposes at 900 degC according to 2A--->2R+S with a rate 3.83 7.43 8.33 9.33

constant of 1000 cc/gmol-s using pure A. The time it will take to

react 80% of A in a batch reactor at 900 degC and 1 atm in min is

133 Calculate the length of a chlorinating pipe line with diameter of 0.6 m 25.36 m 32.5 m 52.63 m 56.23 m

required to kill 95% of the bacteria in waste water flowing at 0.05

cu.m/s. Test shows that 95.33% kill is obtained in 5 minutes when

treated with 5 mg/L of chlorine. Chlorine disinfection kinetics is given

by the equation: dC/dt = k Ct^1.5 where C = number of bacteria.

Assume that the same concentration of chlorine is used in actual

treatment operation.

134 The set of data given below is for the parallel reaction: a---k1-->2R, 0.1697 0.183 0.3394 0.6197

a---k2-->S. At t=0, Ca=15 moles/cuft, Cr = 1 mole/cuft, Cs=1

mole/cuft; At t=1 hr, Cro = 9 moles/cuft, Cs = 3 moles/cuft. The value

of K2 per hour is

135 A batch reaction 2D+E----->F has a conversion factor expressed by 257 275 300 527

the equation r =0.24 t^0.5 where r = conversion factor based on the

reactant E; t = time in hours which ranges from 0.5 to 16 hours per

batch depending upon the process variables. The average

molecular weight of the feed is 60 and a density of 1.4 g/cc. The

feed consists of 2 kgmole of D and 1 kgmole of E. The charging,

cleaning and discharging time per batch is 2.5 hrs and the volume of

the reactor is twice the volume of the feed. Assume 300 days per

year and 12 hours operation/day. The volume of the reactor in liters

is

136 A container holds 100 gal of salt solution containing 50 lb of 0.732 0.427 0.327 0.237

dissolved salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a layer of

rock salt. The bottom of the container is covered with a layer of rock

salt whose surface is practically constant. The salt dissolved into the

solution according to r = k(C-3) where C is the concentration of the

brine expressed in lb/gal. If the water in the tank were fresh, the rate

of solution would be 1.0 lb/min. Fresh water enters at 3 gpm and

brine overflows at the same rate. Assume constant volume at any

brine concentration, the concentration of brine in container after 1

hour in lb/gal of salt is

137 An aqueous solution of ethyl acetate is to be saponified with NaOH. 10.3 11.4 12.7 20.7

The initial concentration of the ethyl acetate is 5 g/L and that of the

caustic soda is 0.10M. Values of the second order rate constant in

L/gmole-min are k = 23.5 at 0 degC; k = 92.4 at 20 degC. The

reaction is essentially irreversible. The time required to saponify

95% of the water at 40 deg C is

138 At 500K the rate of bimolecular reaction is 10 times the rate at 400K. 8150 9150 9550 10150

Find E in cal, the activation energy for this reaction from Arrhenius

Law.

139 The reaction A+2B--->R is 1st order with respect to each reactant. If Cao/2m Cao/(2m-1) Cao/(1-2m) Cao/2

equimolar amounts of A and B are introduced into a constant-volume

reactor and (1/m) th of A remains after t1, how much will remain after

t2=2t1?

140 When the 1st order homogeneous reaction (gas-phase) A--->2.5R is 43.1 41.3 37.1 31.8

carried out in an isothermal batch reactor at 2 atm with 20% inerts

present, the volume increases by 60% in 20 min. When the reaction

is carried out in a constant volume reactor, the time required for the

pressure to reach 8 atm if the initial pressure is 5 atm, 2 atm of

which consist of inerts in min is

141 When the ID of the pipe through which a fluid flows is doubled, the 1/8 1/16 1/32 1/64

pressure loss due to friction per unit length of pipe and for the same

volumetric flow rate is changed by approximately a factor of

142 When two centrifugal pumps are connected in series, the discharge 1/2 1 2 4

changes by a factor of

143 When two reciprocating pumps are connected in parallel, the 1/2 1 2 4

volumetric capacity of the system changes by a factor of

144 The pressure drop in a pipeline changes by a factor of _____ when 1/2 1 2 4

the velocity of the flowing fluid is doubled.

145 Cavitation occurs in a centrifugal pump when the discharge the discharge the suction suction is lost

pressure valve is closed pressure is too

becomes too high high

146 Oil with a viscosity of 30 cP and a density of 60 lb/cu.ft. flows 0.63 13.1 16.9 87.2

through a 1/2-inch inside diameter pipe. Determine the velocity in

fps below which flow will be laminar.

147 Water at 60 deg F flows through a 3-inch inside diameter smooth 1.05 1.22 1.72 1.89

horizontal pipe. If the Reynold's number is 353000, calculate the

ratio of maximum velocity to average velocity.

148 The pressure after the pump in a 6-inch inside diameter smooth pipe 0.6 3.58 21 58.3

conducting water is 20 psia. The water is discharged at an open

tank 100 ft from the pump. Calculate the rate of discharge of water

in cu.ft/s.

149 A water storage tank assumes the supply of water into a factory. PhP 3300 PhP 5000 PhP 7000 PhP 12000

Water is supplied to the tank through a booster pump installed in the

water line. The theoretical pump horsepower required is 3.25 hp.

What is the monthly operating cost of the pump if electric power cost

on the average is PhP 3.73/kWh. The pump is 65% efficient and

operates for 12 hr a day.

150 When the impeller speed of an ideal centrifugal pump is doubled, 1/2 1 2 2exp2

the vol. flow rate of discharge is increased by a factor of

151 The differential height between two points which a fluid has to be potential head pressure head velocity head dynamic head

transferred is the

152 The resistance of a layer of fluid to flow over the next layer is viscosity friction factor surface tension drag coefficient

measured by

153 An axial flow pump operating at a speed of 880 rpm can supply 20 36 63 85

water at a rate of 3000 gpm. The maximum head that this pump can

deliver in ft. of water is

154 Specify the type of open impeller pump to use if the capacity is 400 3x2x8.5E 4x3x8.5E 4x3x6 3x2x13

gpm at a head of 200 ft of water.

155 What will be the rated capacity [gpm] of a 4-1/2 inch impeller 95 134 248 320

centrifugal pump operating at a speed of 3450 rpm capable of

generating a head of 40 ft of water.

156 If the speed of a centrifugal pump is doubled, the energy 2 4 8 10

requirement becomes approximately ___ times the original energy

requirement.

157 A cylindrical tank 1 ft in diameter discharges through a nozzle 32 55 77 94

connected to the base. Find the time needed for the water level in

the tank to drop from 4 ft to 2 ft above the nozzle. The diameter of

the nozzle is 1 inch and its discharge coefficient maybe taken as

unity.

158 The NPSH of a single suction centrifugal hot water pump at a speed 15 20 25 30

of 3550 rpm operating at a pressure of 600 psi and a capacity of 450

gpm is ___ ft.

159 The rate of evaporation at a given operating temperature in a n when the the operating there is a when the liquid level

evaporator is more when operating pressure is low vacuum is high

pressure is high

160 An optimim number of the effects for a given application is a function capacity economy efficiency none of the given

of the choices

161 A popular type of heat exchanger for cooling large quantities of fluid double-pipe plate shell and tube extended surfaces

is the

162 An evaporator is used to concentrate 10,000 lb/hr of a 20% solution 0.82 0.863 0.89 0.92

of NaOH in water at 140oF using saturated steam at 25 psia at a rate

of 7,000 lb/hr. The OHTC is 275 BTU/hr-ft 2-oF when the pressure in

the vapor is 1.7 psia. The steam economy, SE, is

163 A cross flow heat exchanger uses mixed air at 4 kg/s that enters at 22.2 m2 25 m2 17 m2 20 m2

15oC and leaves at 45oC. The air cools unmixed water, which enters

at 95oC and 0.70 kg/s. The OHTC equals 150 W/m2-oC. After

several months of operation, a scale resistance of 0.002 m 2-oC/W

developed. 16. The heat transfer area required to accomplish the

change is

164 As solution of 28% wt Na2SO4 is to be crystallized to yield Glauber 285.3 249.3 255.65 214.65

salt in a four section (one section is 10 ft in length) Swenson Walker

Crystallizer. It is fed to the unit at 120 oF and cooled to 60oF using

cooling water which enters at 50oF and leaves at 70oF. The

crystallizer has a cooling surface of 3 ft2 per foot of length. The feed

rate is 500 lb/hr and the crystallizer is seeded with 50 lb/hr of 65

mesh crystals. 19. The amount of the crystalline crop (C) produced

in lb per hour is

165 An insulator should have low thermal high thermal less resistance to a porous structure

conductivity conductivity heat flow

166 Fouling factor is a does not provide a accounts for none of these

dimensionless safety factor for additional

quantity design resistance to

heat flow

167 Natural convection is characterized by Reynolds number Grashhoff number Peclet number Prandlt number

168 The Graetz number is concerned with mass transfer absorption with heat transfer in heat transfer in

between a gas chemical reaction turbulent flow laminar flow

and a liquid

169 Dropwise condensation occurs on clean and dirt free smooth clean contaminated polished surfaces

surfaces surfaces cooling surfaces

170 Dietus-Boelter equation for determination of heat transfer co-efficient for liquid metals for fluid in laminar for fluids in when Grashhoff

is valid flow turbulent flow number is very

important

171 A type of pneumatic conveyor system characterized by a material fluidizing pressure pressure-vacuum vacuum

moving in an air stream or pressure less than ambient.

172 If the total percentage of particles larger than the screen opening in 0.98 0.89 0.76 0.65

the feed, oversize, undersize are 36%, 89% and 3%, respectively,

the effectiveness of the screen if the undersize is the product is

173 The estimated width of an apron conveyor having a capacity of 75 305 mm 610 mm 1220 mm 2400 mm

tons/hr at a speed of 50 ft/min is

174 It is defined as the ratio of the average diameter of the feed to the settling ratio screen-mesh no reduction ratio average particle

average diameter of the product. diameter

175 The sphericity of cubical particles is 1 0.87 0.7 0.6

176 The separation of a dilute slurry or suspension by gravity settling thickening classification sorting centrifugation

into a clear fluid and a slurry or suspension by gravity settling into a

clear fluid and a slurry of higher solids content is called

177 An ultracentrifuge is used to separate high-molecular weight temperature pressure concentration electric field

fractions in polymeric or biological systems. What is the gradient for

mass transfer in the separation using this mass transfer device?

178 Ordinary diffusion takes place because of ___ driving force. temperature pressure concentration electric field

179 What are the two limiting cases of steady-state diffusion? UMD and EMD ordinary and thermal and thermal and Knudsen

Knudsen ordinary

180 Which of the following is not true in (binary) equimolar counter- DAB = DBA c = cA + c B JA = JB NA = -cDAB dxA/dz

diffusion?

181 A fluid is flowing on a surface, which contains a component that Knudsen region turbulent region buffer region viscous sub-layer

leaches out to the fluid. Assuming that all the 3 regions of mass

transfer are present, in which of these regions is diffusion

controlling?

182 In unsteady-state mass transfer, the quantity (D ABt/rm^2) is referred to unaccomplished relative resistance relative time relative position

as change

183 What is the equivalent of Prandtl number in convective mass Sc Sh Bi Pe

transfer?

184 If kx > ky, then the controlling phase is the liquid phase the gas phase the interface either of the bulk

phases

185 In two-phase mass transfer, equilibrium may exist at the interface in the gas phase in the liquid in either film

phase

186 Which of the following processes may always be regarded as a cooling of air air conditioning water-cooling in heating of air

constant- humidity process? a cooling tower

187 Air conditioning in tropical countries involves humidification by humidification by a dehumidification dehumidification by

a process similar process similar to and removal of condensing water

to that in a air-water vapor sensible heat vapor in a

cooling tower saturator refrigerator

188 What do you call the steady-state non-equilibrium temperature dry-bulb wet-bulb adiabatic dew point

reached when a small amount of water is contacted under adiabatic temperature temperature saturation temperature

conditions by a continuous stream of gas? temperature

189 The moisture content of a solid is given as 50% wet basis. What is 0.5 1 2 50

the moisture content, dry basis?

190 The moisture that can be removed by drying is called equilibrium bound moisture free moisture unbound moisture

moisture

191 Falling-period in drying terminates at the end of constant- origin of R vs X critical free equilibrium moisture

rate period plot moisture content content

192 Which is not true at the interphase of a gas scrubbing operation? the solute the solute the solute the solute

concentration of concentration of concentration of concentration of the

the gas is less the liquid is less the liquid and gas is greater than

than that of the than that of the gas phase are the liquid

bulk bulk equal

193 He and N2 gas are contained in a conduit 5 mm in diameter and a 2.35 exp -5 2.44exp -5 1.77exp -6 1.22 exp -6

0.1 m long at 298 K and a uniform pressure of He at one end of the

tube is 0.6 atm and 0.02 atm at the other end. Assuming equimolar

countercurrent diffusion, the flux in kmol/s-m2 is

194 100 m3/hr of air at 60C and 20% RH is needed for a chemical 5280 8490 10050 11570

reactor. This will be obtained from process air at 60C and 10% RH

by humidifying adiabatically the process air followed by heating to its

original temperature. The wattage of the heater at 80% efficiency is

195 Wet solid is to be dried from 36% to 8% moisture in 5 hr under 1 hr 1.6 hr 2.3 hr 2.9 hr

constant drying condition. Critical and equilibrium moisture contents

are 14 and 4% respectively. Calculate how much longer will it take to

dry the same material from 8% to 5.5% moisture under constant

drying condition. All moisture contents are on a dry basis.

197 If reflux to a distillation column is 100 moles/hr, when the overhead 0.5 2 50 150

product rate is 50 moles/hr. the reflux ratio is

198 Which of the following provides maximum contact surface for a packed lower bubble-cup plate sieve-plate wetted wall column

liquid-vapour system? column column

199 In extraction, as the temperature increases, the area of decreases increases remains

heterogeneity (area covered by bimodal curve) unchanged

200 The suitable evaporator for concentration of foaming liquids is long tube short tube vacuum falling film evaporator

evaporator evaporator evaporator

201 Macroscopic transfer of mass between moving fluid and surface molecular unsteady-state convective mass all of these

which is of different concentration is called diffusion diffusion transfer

202 For a packed column the main purpose of packing is to strengthen the increase the increase the reduce the flow rate

column surface area pressure drop in across the column

the tower

203 In a gas absorption operation, when the operating line crosses the the NTU is zero the liquid flow rate the gas flow rate the number of stages

equilibrium curve is maximum is maximum is infinite

204 Methanol diffuses in 0.15 cm stagnant film of 1:1 mole mixture of 0.15 0.31 0.51 0.68

hydrogen and CO2 at 100oC and 2 atm. The partial pressures of

methanol on both sides are 0.6 and 0.2 atm. The average diffusivity

of methanol in the hydrogen and CO2 at 0 oC and 1 atm in cm2/s is

205 Gaseous reactant A decomposes according to the reaction A --> 3R 0.92 0.86 0.71 0.65

(-rA = 0.5 CA mole/L-min). The feed, which consists of 70% A and

30% inert, enters a 1.5-m3 CSTR at a flow rate of 150 L/min. 4. If

CA0 = 0.30 mole/L, what is the conversion, XA?

206 Between 0 degC and 50 degC, the average activation energy of a 14.7 18.5 20.9 22.4

certain reaction is 80 kJ/mol. How many times faster will the

reaction occur at 300 K than at 275 K?

207 Consider a gas-phase reaction 2A ---> R + 2S with unknown 0.54 min 0.85 min 0.87 min 1.18 min

kinetics. A space velocity of 0.8/min is needed for 95% conversion

of A in a PFR. Find the mean residence time or holding time of the

fluid in the PFR.

208 For Newtonian fluids, the shear stress is constant. inversely equal to shear a linear function of

proportional to rate of the shear rate of

rate of deformation. deformation.

deformation.

209 An ideal fluid is one that is compressible incompressible & incompressible incompressible &

viscous inviscid

210 Water flows through an 8-in (ID=7.981 in) steel pipe at an average 10.58 5.29 1.84 0.25

velocity of 6 ft/s. Downstream the pipe splits into an 8-in main and a

2 in (ID=2.067 in) bypass pipes. If the velocity in the bypass is twice

the velocity of the main pipe, the volumetric flow rate [ft 3/s] in the

main pipe is

211 An imaginary line within a fluid flow such that a tangent at any point stream tube velocity profile streamline none of these

indicates the direction of flow at that point.

212 Air at 250C [viscosity=0.018 cP] enters a section of 2-in schedule 40 350 155 101.3 61

commercial steel pipe at a gauge pressure of 310 kPa and a flow

rate of 1200 kg/h. Assuming isothermal flow, what is the pressure

drop [kPa] in 60 m of pipe?

213 A simple pitot tube measures acoustical velocity superficial velocity mean linear local velocity

velocity

214 Which of the following meters will have the highest permanent pitot tube orifice venturi rotameter

pressure loss?

215 In the flow meter equation, Y, indicates the mass flow rate compressibility coefficient of cross-sectional area

factor discharge

216 The loss due to sudden contraction is proportional to velocity turbulence velocity head static head

217 Stokes law is valid when the particle Reynolds number is <1 >1 <5 0

218 Priming needed in a Reciprocating Gear pump Centrifugal pump Diaphragm pump

pump

219 Maximum theoretical suction lift for water at 60F by a centrifugal 40 ft 37 ft 34 ft 8 ft

pump is 34 ft. The same for water at 200F will be

220 The most economical valve for use with large diameter pipes. butterfly globe needle gate

221 Multistage compressors are used in industry because, they reduce the cost of reduce the size resemble closely are easy to control

compressor requirement to isothermal

compression

222 For ideally incompressible fluid, the mach number will be 0 1 1.5 5

223 of the following produces maximum pressure difference for vacuum pumps blowers fans compressors

transportation of gases?

224 The fluid property which matters for falling rain drops to acquire pressure height of descend viscosity surface tension

spherical shape is its

225 A wastewater solution having a volume of 1000 L contains 0.21 kg 0.007 kg 0.106 kg 0.189 kg 0.198 kg

phenol/m3 of solution. A total of 1.40 kg fresh granular activated

carbon is added to the solution, which is then mixed thoroughly to

reach equilibrium. What is the amount of phenol absorbed per kg

carbon at equilibrium?

226 The overhead product composition decreases with time in batch distillation continuous continuous distillation operating

with reflux distillation with distillation at total reflux

reflux without reflux

227 For a binary mixture with low relativity, continuous rectification to get low reflux ratio small cross- less number of high reflux ratio

pure products will require section trays

228 Chemisorption is the same as van characterized by an irreversible always in equilibrium

der Waals adsorption of heat phenomenon

229 The stage efficiency in leaching depends on the time of contact rate of diffusion of both A and B either A or B because

between the solid the solute through these two mean the

and the solution the solid and into same thing

the liquid

230 Weeping in distillation or absorption column increases tray provides larger results due to is due to bubble cups

efficiency surface for mass low gas velocity

transfer

231 What are the two contacting phase in leaching? extract phase and solvent phase and feed phase and overflow and

raffinate phase solute phase solvent phase underflow

232 Hydrogen sulfide is removed from water by contacting the solution Distillation Leaching Absorption Stripping

with warm air. The operation is

233 Disregarding the cost, which is the best solvent for the extraction of caproic acid chloroform 3-heptanol toluene

acetic acid from an aqueous solution at 25deg C?

234 Professional Regulations Commission was created under P.D. No. 223 P.D. No. 233 P.D. No. 232 P.D. No. 826

235 A chemical engineer who designed and built a new type pf reactor 1 0 it depends not governed by law

and for three years, sold many units to the public can still patent his

reactor.

236 A person who has passed the Chemical Licensure Examination can 18 19 21 23

take his/her oath as a chemical engineer if his/her age is not less

than _______ years.

237 Which of the following is not a requirement for utility model inventive step novelty industrial a technical solution

registration? applicability to problem

238 A section of the patent application containing detailed descriptions of disclosure abstract request claims

the benefits obtained from using the invention is called the

239 A document issued by the DENR secretary indicating that the Environmental Environmental Environmental Environmental

proposed project will cause significant negative environmental Impact Statement Compliance Impact Critical Project

impact. Certificate Assessment

240 In the Philippines, sulfur for sulfuric acid manufacturing is sourced paper cement petroleum detergents

from _______ industry.

241 Sulfur is undesirable in petroleum because it causes engine it increases the it poisons the all that are

knocking boiling pt of fuel catalyst in the mentioned

refining process

242 Materials added to detergent formulation to enhance cleaning fillers brighteners builders perfume

performance by exhibiting synergistic cleaning effect with surfactant.

244 Principal chemical conversion in the production of resin from condensation hydration polymerization alkylation

monomer.

245 Carbon black is added to rubber compounding as activator curing agent retarders fillers

246 The binder for all the powder materials of paint pigment vehicle opacifier filler

247 A fibrous material left after cane sugar has been milled is commonly bagasse pulp cellulose waste

called as

248 Molasses is a by product of raw sugar from the ______ process milling extraction evaporation crystallization

249 Kraft process is a common name for sulfate pulping sulfite pulping bleaching calendering

250 Water insoluble cell binders of wood pulp cellulose xylem lignin

251 DDT means Diphenyldichlorotr dichlorodiphenyldi Dichlorodiphenyl diphenyldichlorotriph

iphenylethane chloroethane dichlorobutane enylbutane

252 Rancidity of oil can be reduced by decoloration hydrogenation oxidation purification

253 Varnish does not contain pigment dryer thinner anti-skinning agent

254 Plasticisers are added to paints to make it corrosion make glossy increase give elasticity and

resistant surface atmospheric prevent cracking of

oxidation the film

255 Silicone is thermoplastic a monomer an inorganic thermosetting plastic

polymer

256 The process involved in converting rubber into a thin sheet or extrusion mastication vulcanization calendering

coating it on fabric is called

257 Alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS) is a detergent rubber pesticide polyester

258 Neoprene is a monomer synthetic rubber polyester pigment

259 Steam enters an adiabatic turbine at 10 MPa and 500 degC at a rate 0.2348 0.3216 0.6784 0.7652

of 3 kg/s and leaves at 0.1 MPa. If the power output of the turbine is

2 MW, determine the turbine efficiency.

260 Work is a property of the path function state function state description of a

system system

261 Throttling process is a reversible and an irreversible and a reversible and constant enthalpy

isothermal constant entropy constant entropy process

process process

262 A sample consisting of 1.00 mole of Argon gas is expanded 0 +1.13 kJ +1.57 kJ +2.27 kJ

isothermally and reversibly at 0C from 22.4L to 44.8L. The heat

absorbed by the system is

263 Maximum work can be obtained from a system when the change isothermal adiabatic reversible irreversible

taking place in it is

264 The ratio of work performed by a system and the heat it absorbed Entropy Gibbs free energy carnot efficiency Helmholtz free

from a reservoir is referred to energy

265 According to the first law of thermodynamics Energy is neither Perpetual motion Energy is Energy is being

lost nor gained in is possible. conserved in created as time

any energy quality but not in passes. We have

transformation. quantity. more energy in the

universe now than

when time began.

266 In a 3-stage compressor system whose isentropic efficiencies are greater than 0.85 in between 0.75 less than 0.75 in between 0.84 and

reported to be 0.75, 0.85 and 0.84, respectively, steam initially at 10 and 0.85 0.90

kPa is compressed to a final pressure of 500 kPa. The overall

efficiency of the system is

267 In choosing the refrigerant, the fluid must have the following environmentally has a vapor must be exist at a high

characteristics, except benign pressure less than economically pressure at the

atmospheric viable condensation

temperature

268 Coolers and boilers are ordinarily operated at ________ condition. isobaric isenthalpic isothermal isentropic

269 For an isolated system, maximum entropy will occur at half-life critical condition equilibrium start of the process

270 A carnot cycle consists of two isothermal two isochoric and one isochoric, one isothermal, one

and two adiabatic two adiabatic one isobaric, and isochoric and two

process process two adiabatic adiabatic process

process

271 This is also known as the volume fraction of the voids in packed sphericity porosity superficial specific volume

beds. velocity

272 A measure of the ratio of the drag force acting on a unit area of the Froude number Reynolds number Mach number Power number

impeller & the inertial stress.

273 Sulfuric acid is pumped at 3 kg/s through a 60-m length of smooth 3 2 0.2 0.124

25 mm pipe. If the pressure drop falls by one-half, what will be the

new flow rate [kg/s]? Assume the following properties of sulfuric

acid: SG = 1.84, viscosity = 25 cP.

274 The equation del(P) = -(rho)(g) del(z) is known as the hydrostatic shear forces are fluid is z axis is defined normal surface

vertical law for which all the following assumptions are applied, not involved incompressible vertical & forces & gravity are

except downward in the only forces

direction involved

275 Which of the following can be adjusted by human operator in a set point controller output process variable load variable

closed feedback control loop?

276 The thermocouple is based on the Seebeck effect which states that current temperature emf resistance

a/an _____ is generated when opposite junction of certain dissimilar

pairs of wires are exposed to different temperatures.

277 Dead time is a function of distance and momentum acceleration time velocity

278 A pneumatic controller is used to control temperature within the 2.83kPa/K 0.35kPa/K 17kPa/K 0.06kPa/K

range 280K to 310K. The controller is adjusted so that the output

pressure goes from 20kPa (valve fully open) to 105 Kpa (valve fully

closed) as the measured temperature goes from 295K to 300K with

the sent point held constant. What is the proportional gain?

279 The parameter which completely describes the behavior of the Time constant damping Rise time overshoot

response to a disturbance of a second order system is the coefficient

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