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Touchstone 2nd Edition Language summary Level 4

Unit 3 Lesson A: Traditional things


Vocabulary
Traditions
traditional (adj)
festival (n)
folk music (n)
handicrafts (n)
national anthem (n)
national costume (n)
national sport (n)
typical dish (n)
be carved out of (ice) (v)
be exported (v)
be held (v)
be made into (jewelry) (v)
be made locally (v)
be made of (gold / silver) (v)
be made out of (wood) (v)
be made with (rice / vegetables) (v)
be painted by hand (v)
be sold all over the world (v)

Other words
locally (adv)
from all over the world

Cambridge University Press 2014 Unit 3, Lesson A, Page 1


Touchstone 2nd Edition Language summary Level 4

Grammar
The simple present passive
You can use the passive when the "doer" of the action is not known or not important.

In this sentence They is the "doer", but we do not know who They are:

They carve the sculptures out of ice. (active)

So you can use the passive instead:

The sculptures are carved out of ice. (passive)

If the "doer" of the action is important, you can introduce it with by:

The sculptures are carved by teams from all over the world.

Statements

Use subject + is / are + (not) + past participle:

Kim-bap is made with rice and vegetables.

It's eaten cold. It's not eaten hot.

Information questions

Use question word + is / are + subject + past participle:

How is kim-bap made?

Yes-No questions

Use Is / Are + subject + past participle:

Is it eaten hot or cold?

Cambridge University Press 2014 Unit 3, Lesson A, Page 2