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CodeCalculations
JamesStallcupSr.|ElectricalConstructionandMaintenance Mar1,2001

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Don't get tripped up when stepping through motor load calculations

Aswe'vediscussedinthelasttwoCodeCalculationsarticles,whencalculatingthetotal
loadonyoursystem,youmustfirstidentifyspecifictypesofloads.Then,youcan
calculateeachload.Forallloads,remembertodetermineiftheyarecontinuousor
noncontinuous.Forcontinuousloadsloadswherethemaximumcurrentisexpectedto
continueforthreehoursormoremultiplytheVAoftheloadby125%,perSec2152(a).
Inthisinstallment,we'lltakealookathowtocalculatemotorandnoncoincidentloads.

Motorloads(Secs.43024,43025,and43026)
Howmuchofyourtimeisspentfixingavoidable
Whencalculatingmotorloads,youneedtoknowhowtoconvertamotor'scurrentrating problems?
(giveninamps)toaVArating.Todothis,multiplythemotor'snameplateamperageby
thesupplyvoltage.Ifyoudon'thavenameplatedata,thenmultiplythesupplyvoltageby TipoftheWeek:IdentifyandArticulateYour
TrainingNeeds
thecurrentratingshownintheappropriatetablein430,PartN.Usethetables
appropriatetoyourpowersupply.Table147isforDC,148isforsinglephaseAC,149is TipoftheWeek:DontUseTemperatureasa
for2phaseAC,and150isfor3phaseAC. GuidetoMotorRestarts

CanYouDependonYourTools?
Example:WhatistheVAratingforagroupof480V,3phasemotorsratedat125hp,40
hp,and30hp?Note:Your480Vsupplywillrequireyoutouseamotorratedat260V. IsYourCostCuttingHelpingorHurting?

Step1:FindFLAperTable430150.
125hp=156A Photo Galleries
40hp=52A The8MostInteresting
30hp=40A ThingsGoingOnin
Solar
Keepingupwiththeever
changingworldofsolar
Step2:CalculatetotalVAperSec.2202.
canbeadauntingtask.
VA=VxIx1.732(where1.732isthesquarerootof3) Well,wereheretohelp.Herearetheeightmost
VA=480Vx156Ax1.732=129,692VA interestingthings,inouropinion,thataregoingoninthe
VA=480Vx52Ax1.732=43,231VA fieldofsolarpower.Enjoy!RelatedGalleries:Seven
VA=480Vx40Ax1.732=33,254VA
Join the Discussion on EC&M Talk
Solution:Youcanfindthetotalloadforthemotorsbyaddingthethreeindividualmotor
loads.Totalload=206,177VA HotTopics Comments NewTopics

Multiplemotorloads(Secs.4306(a)and43024) sharp01154008110
lastreplybywestinghouse226inGeneral
ElectricalTalkDiscussion

http://ecmweb.com/content/codecalculations0 1/5
8/7/2016 CodeCalculations
Supposeyouhaveseveralmotorloadsonthesamecircuit.TheCoderequiresyoutosize
crafft01154008110
theconductorsatleastequaltothesumofalltheloads,plus25%ofthehighestrated
lastreplybywestinghouse226inGeneral
motorinthegroup.
ElectricalTalkDiscussion

Example:Calculatetheloadforthefollowing:
unionaire01093055835

Firstload=motorof40A lastreplybywestinghouse226inGeneral
ElectricalTalkDiscussion
Secondload=motorof52A
Thirdload=motorof65A power01154008110
Fourthload=HVACunitof23A
lastreplybywestinghouse226inGeneral
Fifthload=lightingof40A ElectricalTalkDiscussion

Step1:Addupalltheloads,roundinguptothenearestwholenumber. trane01154008110
40A+52A+65A+23A+40A=220A lastreplybywestinghouse226inGeneral
ElectricalTalkDiscussion
Step2:Selectthelargestmotorload,andadd25%ofittothetotal.
25%of65A=16.25A

Solution:Thetotalload=220A+16.25A=236.25A.Rounduptoget237A. EC&M White Papers


KnowYourTCO:ALookatMediumVoltageVFDs
Noncoincidentloads(Sec.22021)
Noothervariablefrequencydrive(VFD)canmatchthe
provenreliability,operationalflexibilityand20year
Youtypicallydon'trunheatersandairconditioningsimultaneouslyonthesamefeeder
lifespanofSINAMICSPERFECTHARMONYmedium
thoughyoumaydosoinsomecircumstances.
voltagedrives.Andbecausegreaterreliabilityleadsto
lessdowntimeandlowermaintenancecosts,the
Somechillerbasedsystemsrunthechillersatfullcapacityanduselocalelectricheating
SINAMICSPERFECTHARMONYVFDalsooutstripsthe
intheducttoadjustthetemperatureupward,buttheseareunusualapplications.In
competitionwhenitcomestototalcostofownership
More
mostcases,youwillruneitherheatorA/C.Therefore,heatandA/Carenormally (TCO)....
examplesofnoncoincidentloads.Calculatethiskindofloadbychoosingthelargerofthe VIEWMOREWHITEPAPERS
VAratingsanddisregardtheother.

Example:Whichisthelargerload:240kWheatingunitora97AA/Cunit?Thesupplyis
a480V3phasesystem. EC&MWebinars

Step1:SelectlargerloadperSec.22021. JUL26,2016
Heatingload:240kWx1000x100%=240,000VA SPONSORED
A/Cload:480Vx97Ax1.732=80,642VA DataDriven
DecisionsThrough
SmartBuilding
Solution:The240,000VAheatingunitisthelargerload.Thus,youwillusethisloadin
TechnologyHowIoT
youroverallloadcalculationsandnotusetheotherload. ImpactsFacilityProfessionals

JUL28,2016
SHARE Tweet Recommend 0 SPONSORED
PRINT REPRINTS FAVORITE EMAIL NextGeneration
LightingThe
PleaseLogInorRegistertopostcomments. EmergenceofPOEfor
Lighting

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