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CASTILLA: Master Plan for the Built-Environment Towards Sustainable Town

Development

CONTENTS OF THE MASTER PLAN

1. The OLD POBLACION RESTORING OLD GLORY

The Master Plan for Old Poblacion covers among others:

a. Port Development
b. Urban Expansion
c. Urban Utilities Infrastructure
d. Urban Design Policy
e. Urban Revitalization Plan

Economic and Social Infrastructures are also included to complement the Master Plan.

2. The URBANIZED BARANGAY CUMADCAD = SEAT OF GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL CAPITAL OF THE MUNICIPALITY

The Master Plan for the urbanized barangay Cumadcad, with its very sensitive role as the seat of government and business capital of
the municipality, features the following:

a. Government Centre Vicinity Development


b. Urban Expansion
c. New Development Corridor and New Town Centre
d. Urban Utilities Infrastructure
e. Urban Design Policy
f. Urban Revitalization Plan

Likewise, Economic and Social Infrastructures are included to complement the Master Plan.

URBAN DESIGN POLICY

The Urban Design Policy is an addendum to the Towns Zoning Ordinance that will guide and shape to what an ideal Urban Center should
be.
Among the features of this policy are: Public Realm, Pedestrianization, Walkable Town Center, Arcaded Sidewalk, Architectural Heritage
Conservation, etc.

DISTRICT REVITALIZATION

Castilla has three identified growth centres, which are now called as Districts: the Old Poblacion, the urbanized barangay of Cumadcad,
currently the seat of Municipal Government, and the urbanizing barangay of Macalaya, the fishing industry capital of Castilla
The roles of these three growth centres are vital towards economic development of the Town.
A deep analysis for revitalization will be carefully studied to harness the maximum potential of these three districts.

CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

The Master Plan for the Built Environment is responsive to the Climate Change Adaptation. The context of the physical planning will not
only be disaster risk reduction (DRR) but prevention as well. It identifies the settlements vulnerable to the effects of climate change such as rising
waters. In addition, the Master Plan features innovative ideas or best practices that introduces low carbon footprint and carbon neutral.
The ongoing construction of town Hall Building is the best example of a low carbon footprint and adaptable to climate change.
The Master Plan for the Built Environment is focused on the Physical Aspect of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan hence, a detailed Vision of
the Towns Infrastructure Components namely; Utilities, Economic and Social.

CONTENTS OF THE MASTER PLAN

1. The OLD POBLACION RESTORING OLD GLORY

The Master Plan for Old Poblacion covers among others:

a. Port Development
b. Urban Expansion
c. Urban Utilities Infrastructure
d. Urban Design Policy
e. Urban Revitalization Plan

Economic and Social Infrastructures are also included to complement the Master Plan.

2. The URBANIZED BARANGAY CUMADCAD = SEAT OF GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL CAPITAL OF THE MUNICIPALITY

The Master Plan for the urbanized barangay Cumadcad, with its very sensitive role as the seat of government and business capital of
the municipality, features the following:

a. Government Centre Vicinity Development


b. Urban Expansion
c. New Development Corridor and New Town Centre
d. Urban Utilities Infrastructure
e. Urban Design Policy
f. Urban Revitalization Plan

Likewise, Economic and Social Infrastructures are included to complement the Master Plan.

URBAN DESIGN POLICY

The Urban Design Policy is an addendum to the Towns Zoning Ordinance that will guide and shape to what an ideal Urban Center should
be.
Among the features of this policy are: Public Realm, Pedestrianization, Walkable Town Center, Arcaded Sidewalk, Architectural Heritage
Conservation, etc.

DISTRICT REVITALIZATION

Castilla has three identified growth centres, which are now called as Districts: the Old Poblacion, the urbanized barangay of Cumadcad,
currently the seat of Municipal Government, and the urbanizing barangay of Macalaya, the fishing industry capital of Castilla The roles of these
three growth centres are vital towards economic development of the Town.
A deep analysis for revitalization will be carefully studied to harness the maximum potential of these three districts.

CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

The Master Plan for the Built Environment is responsive to the Climate Change Adaptation. The context of the physical planning will not
only be disaster risk reduction (DRR) but prevention as well. It identifies the settlements vulnerable to the effects of climate change such as rising
waters. In addition, the Master Plan features innovative ideas or best practices that introduces low carbon footprint and carbon neutral. The
ongoing construction of town Hall Building is the best example of a low carbon footprint and adaptable to climate change.
Source: http://lgucastilla.wixsite.com/castillasorsogon/urban-development-plan

MUNICIPALITY OF CASTILLA
Physical Features

Location
Castilla which is hemmed in by hills, mountains, the 750-hectare PNOC forest reserve area on the north, and the Sorsogon Bay on the
southern/eastern portion, occupies the western part of the Province of Sorsogon.

In the east Castilla is bounded by Sorsogon proper and Sorsogon Bay; on the west by the Municipality of Pilar, on the north it is bounded by
Manito, Albay; and on the south by Sorsogon Bay.

Castillais a coastal municipality at the province of Sorsogon which is located in the southern most of Luzon within coordinates 123 30' to 124 15'
east longitude and from 12 30' to 13 15' north latitude. Farther south from the national highway are twelve coastal barangays along Sorsogon
Bay. Salang-Buaya in Quirapi has the deepest sea-bed (8 to 9 fathoms) making it a most ideal commercial seaport. Occasional sightings of the
world-famous Butandings in this area have been reported by fishermen. Malawmawan Island, hidden and unspoiled by tourists, is nearby
beckoning nature-lovers with its very fine white sand beaches, corals, and rich marine resources.

The seat of government is at the Poblacion, some 4.5 kilometers from the barangay Milagrosa junction along the national highway.

But in 1968, during the administration of then Mayor Alejandro Lladones, the seat of municipal governance was moved to Cumadcad. Extending
a semblance of legal basis for the transfer, councilor Bienvenido Marantal authored a resolution to the effect that transaction of official business
could be facilitated due to accessibility.

Geology
A study conducted by Mines and Geoscience Bureau (MGB) of the DENR would show that about 60% of the Province of Sorsogon is underlain
by igneous rocks and the remaining 40% by rocks of sedimentary origin. These different rocks were categorized by previous workers into several
rock formational Units. The study area, however, only two (2) types of litholigic formations were encountered, the Late Miocene Early Pliocene
sedimentary sequence and the late Tertiary to Earth Quaternary Andes tic to basaltic volcano rocks.

The late Miocene to Early Pliocene sedimentary sequence consists of sandstone, calcareous siltstone and mudstone probably correlative to the
Malana Silt of the Albay Group Formation. The sandstone is generally coarse but pebbly conglomeratic to tuffaceous variation are present. The
cast of the pebbly sandstone are predominantly volcanic set of in chloride tuffeceous matrix. This sedimentary formation is widely exposed in the
western part of Castilla.

The hilly to mountainous terrain on the northern part of Castilla is underlain by an assemblage of late Tertiary to early Pliocene Volcanic Rocks.
These consists largely of Andes tic to ballistic lava flows with intercalated agglomerates attributed to the volcanism inn the chain of
stratovolcanoes and volcanic cones in the Pocdol Mountains. Widespread volcanoclastic belonging to this formational unit are deposited along
the Sorsogon-Castilla segment of the Maharlika Highway.

The Forest zone Castilla on the northern part is classified as Late Tertiary to Early Quaternary andesite and basalt flow intercalted with
agglomerate. The same satisfied rock characterized the coastal areas on the southern/easthern portion fronting the numerous islets. The western
part bordering the Municipality of Pilar is of predominantly composed of quaternary of Late Pliocene Limestone generally coralline associated
within layers of pyroclastic
Soil
The Municipality of Castilla has only one soil type, the Castilla clay loam, according to Bureau of Soils classification. Palay, corn, various root
crops, abaca, coconut, and fruit bearing trees are grown best in this type of soil.

Development Constraint
The core development constriants in the Municipality of Castilla are degrated of upland, lowland, coastal and marine resources. Denudation of
the Municipality's forest cover appears to the primary causal factor for the ecological problems obtaining the lowland and coastal areas. The
Municipality's forest cover is estimated at 4,999.86 hectares, half of which fall under the protected forest area of the Philippine National Oil
Company(PNOC). It is sad to note, however, that the limited forest cover of Castilla is under threat of further deforestation and land conversion.
One concrete example is the 449 hectares of forest land which the DENR awarded to forest occupants in Barangay Amomonting, Bagong Sirang,
Saclayan, Tomalaytay, Cogon and Bonga under stewardship contract. These areas are now planted to coconut and cash crops replacing the
forest trees that we were supposed to be nurtured by the awardees. Inadequate tree population has rendered the soil erosion and landslides as
there are no more stables root system capable of holding the soil particles. Periodic erosions of the Uplands has led to the accumulation of silt
materials in rivers and ultimately of Sorsogon Bay where most of the river systems are drained.

A study conducted by Mines and Geoscience Bureau (MGB) of the DENR would show that about 60% of the Province of Sorsogon is underlain
by igneous rocks and the remaining 40% by rocks of sedimentary origin. These different rocks were categorized by previous workers into several
rock formational Units. The study area, however, only two (2) types of litholigic formations were encountered, the Late Miocene Early Pliocene
sedimentary sequence and the late Tertiary to Earth Quarternary Andes tic to balastic vollcano rocks.

The late Miocene to Early Pliocene sedimentary sequence consists of sandstone,calcareous siltstone and mudstone probably correlative to the
Malana Silt of the Albay Group Formation. The sandstone is generally coarse but pebbly conglomeratic to tuffaceous variation are present. The
cast of the pebbly sandstone are predominantly volcanic set of in chloride tuffeceous matrix. This sedimentary formation is widely exposed in the
western part of Castilla.

The hilly to mountainous terrain on the northern part of Castilla is underlain by an assemblage of late Tertiary to early Pliocene Volcanic Rocks.
These consists largely of Andes tic to balastic lava flows with intercalated agglomerates attributed to the volcanism inn the chain of
stratovolcanoes and volcanic cones in the Pocdol Mountains. Widespread volcanoclasis belonging to this formational unit are deposited along
the Sorsogon-Castilla segment of the Maharlika Highway.

The Forest zone Castilla on the northern part is classified as Late Tertiary to Early Quaternary andesite and basalt flow intercalted with
agglomerate. The same satisfied rock characterized the coastal areas on the southern/easthern portion fronting the numerous islets. The western
part bordering the Municipality of Pilar is of predominantly composed of quaternary of Late Pliocene Limestone generally coralline associated
within layers of pyroclastic materials.