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REVISED COURSE SYLLABUS IN CRIMINAL LAW 1 11. Romualdez vs. Commission on Elections, G.R. No.

By Prof. Ramel C. Muria, B.S., LL.B., LL.M 167011, December 11, 2008, 573 SCRA 639
12. Corpus vs. People, G.R. No. 180016, April 29, 2014,
BOOK ONE 724 SCRA 1

Basic Principles
Art.2. Application
A. Generality and territoriality
1. U.S. vs. Pablo, 35 Phil. 94 A. Territoriality; Extra-territoriality
2. U.S. vs. Sweet, 1 Phil. 18 13. People vs. Lol-lo and Saraw, 43 Phil. 19
3. Antonio Trillanes vs. Hon. Oscar Pimentel, et al, 14. U.S. vs. Bull, 15 Phil. 7
G.R. 179817, June 27, 2008 15. U.S. vs. Look Chow, 18 Phil. 573
4. Nicolas vs. Romulo, 578 SCRA 438 16. People vs. Wong Cheng, 46 Phil. 729

B. Diplomatic immunity B. Sec.58, Republic Act 9372


5. Liang vs. People, 335 SCRA 125

C. Liberal construction TITLE 1. FELONIES AND CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH


6. People vs. Ladjaalam, 340 SCRA 617 AFFECT CRIMINAL LIABILITY
7. Gidwani vs. People, G.R. No. 195064, January 15,
2014, 713 SCRA 756 Art. 3. Definitions

D. Pro reo principle A. Intentional and non-intentional felonies


8. Nuguid vs. Nicdao, 502 SCRA 93 17. U.S. vs. Divino 12 Phil. 175
9. Gonzales Vda. De Carungcong vs. People, 612 18. People vs. Carmen, G.R. 137268, March 26, 2001
SCRA 272 19. People vs. Garcia, 423 SCRA 583
10. People vs. Tempongko, Jr., G.R. No. L-69668, 20. People vs. Taneo 58 Phil. 255
October 02, 1986 21. Caminos, Jr. vs. People, 587 SCRA 348
22. Rollie Calimutan vs. People, G.R. No. 152133,
E. Constitutional limitations February 9, 2006

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38. Palana vs. People, G.R. No. 149995, September 28,
B. Mistake of fact 2007, 534 SCRA 296
23. U.S. vs. Ah Chong 15 Phil 483 39. Metropolitan Bank & Trust Company vs. Go, G.R.
24. People vs. Pambaya Bambayabao, G.R. No. L- 155647, November 23, 2007, 538 SCRA 337
29481, October 31, 1928, 52 Phil. 309 40. Loney vs. People, 482 SCRA 243
25. U.S. vs. Bautista, G.R. No. L-10678, August 17, 41. Ho Wai Pang v. People, G.R. No. 176229, October 19,
1915, 31 Phil. 308 2011
26. People vs. Oanis 74 Phil 257
27. Manuel vs. People, 476 SCRA 461 Art.4. Criminal liability

C. Mens rea; actus reus A. Non-liability for the result of a non-criminal act; liability
28. Estrada vs. Sandiganbayan, et al, G.R. 148560, 369 for the resulting injury
SCRA 394 42. People vs. Bindoy 56 Phil. 15
29. People vs. Garcia, 484 SCRA 617 43. People vs. Sales, 658 SCRA 367
30. Worldwide Web Corporation vs. People, G.R. No.
161106, January 13, 2014, 713 SCRA 18
31. HPS Software and Communication Corporation vs. B. Liability for wrongful acts done different from criminal
PLDT, G.R. No. 170217, December 10, 2012 intention
32. Laurel vs. Abrogar, G.R. No. 155076, 576 SCRA 41 44. People vs. Gona 54 Phil 605
45. People vs. Mabug-at 51 Phil 967
D. Mala inse vis--vis Mala prohibita 46. People vs. Tomotorgo 136 SCRA 238
33. Arsenia Garcia vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 47. People vs. Adriano, G.R. No.205228, July 15, 2015,
157171, March 14, 2006, 484 SCRA 617 763 SCRA 70
34. Malto vs. People, G.R. 164733, September 21, 2007,
533 SCRA 643 C. Direct, logical and natural consequences
35. Bongalon vs. People, G.R. No. 169533, March 20, 48. People vs. Page 77 SCRA 348
2013 49. U.S. vs. Valdez 41 Phil 497
36. Jabalde vs. People, G.R. No.195224, June 15, 2016 50. People vs. Quianson 62 Phil 162
37. Dungo vs. People, G.R. No. 209464, July 1, 2015, 51. Urbano vs. IAC, 157 SCRA 1
761 SCRA 375

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52. People vs. Orlito Villacorta, G.R. No. 186412, 65. U.S. vs. Eduave 36 Phil. 209
September 7, 2011 66. Palaganas vs. People, 501 SCRA 533
53. People vs. Cornel, 78 Phil. 458
54. Garcia vs. People, 597 SCRA 392 C. What consummates rape
55. Vda. De Bataclan vs. Medina 102 Phil. 181 67. People vs. Erina 50 Phil. 998
68. People vs. Orita 184 SCRA 114
D. Factual and legal impossibility 69. People vs. Quinanola, G.R. No. 126148 May 5,
56. Intod vs. CA, 215 SCRA 52 1999
57. Jacinto vs. People, 592 SCRA 426, GR 162540, July 70. People vs. Aviles, 541 SCRA 265
13, 2009 71. People vs. Cabbab, Jr., 527 SCRA 589
72. People vs. Sumingwa, 603 SCRA 638
Art. 5 73. People vs. Padilla 362 SCRA 473
Cases which have given rise to enactment of statutes 74. People vs. Jalosjos 369 SCRA 179
58. People vs. Ritter, G.R. No. 88582, March 5, 1991 75. People vs. Banzuela, G.R. No. 202060, December
59. People vs. Genosa, G.R. No. 135981. September 29, 11, 2013, 712 SCRA 735, 756
2000 & January 15, 2004
60. Corpus v. People, G.R. No. 180016, April 29, 2014, D. Rule clarified
724 SCRA 1 76. People vs. Campuhan, G.R. No. 129433, March 30,
61. Mendoza vs. People, G.R. No. 183891, October 19, 2000
2011 77. People vs. Barberos, 609 SCRA 381
78. People vs. Sumarago, 422 SCRA 324
79. Rait vs. People, 566 SCRA 285
Art. 6. Consummated, frustrated and attempted felonies 80. Baleros vs. People, 483 SCRA 10

A. Where intentions are not determinate E. No frustrated theft


62. People vs. Lamahang 61 Phil. 703 81. Aristotle Valenzuela vs. People, G.R. 160188, June
21, 2007
B. What distinguishes attempted from frustrated killing 82. Canceran vs. People, G.R. No. 206442, July 2, 2015,
63. People vs. Trinidad 169 SCRA 51 761 SCRA 293
64. People vs. Costales, 373 SCRA 269 83. People vs. Mendoza, 450 SCRA 328

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Art.10. Special penal laws
F. Attempted forcible abduction People vs. Martin Simon, July 29, 1994
84. U.S. vs. Dela Cruz, 8 Phil. 176

Art.8. Conspiracy and Proposal CIRCUMSTANCES AFFECTING CRIMINAL LIABILITY


85. People vs. Elizalde, et al. G.R. No. 210434,
December 5, 2016 Art. 11. Justifying circumstances
86. Estarada vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148965,
February 26, 2002, 377 SCRA 538 A. Self-defense; requisites
87. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. 99. U.S. vs. Laurel, 22 Phil. 252
Nos. 220598-220593, July19, 2016 100. People vs. Cabungcal, 51 Phil. 803
88. People vs. Sandiganbayan (2nd Division), G.R. No. 101. Mahawan vs. People, 574 SCRA 737
197953, August 5, 2015, 765 SCRA 321 102. People vs. Samson, G.R. No. 214883, September 2,
89. Maamo and Silor vs. People, G.R. No. 201917, 2015, 769 SCRA 171
December 1, 2016
90. People vs. Amar, G.R. No. 194235, June 8, 2016 B. Self-defense; unlawful aggression
91. People vs. Pepino and Gomez, G.R. No. 174471, 103. People vs. Sabio, 19 SCRA 901
January 12, 2016 104. People vs. Gamez, G.R. No. 202847, October 23,
92. Benito vs. People, G.R. No. 204644, February 11, 2013, 708 SCRA 625
2015, 750 SCRA 450 105. People vs. Nogas, G.R. No 172606, November 23,
93. Dungo vs. People, G.R. No. 209464, July 1, 2015, 2011
761 SCRA 375 106. People vs. De Leon, G.R. No. 197546, March 23,
94. People vs. Octa, G.R. No. 195196, July 13, 2015, 2015
762 SCRA 509 107. Espinosa vs. People, 615 SCRA 446
95. People vs. Geronimo 53 SCRA 246 108. People vs. Campos, 653 SCRA 99
96. People vs. Arroyo, 201 SCRA 616
97. People vs. Santiago, G.R. 175326, Nov.28, 2007, C. Self-defense; rule when aggression has stopped
539 SCRA 198 109. People vs. Dulin, G.R. No. 171284, June 28, 2015,
98. People vs. Togahan, 525 SCRA 552 760 SCRA 413
110. People vs. Alconga, 78 Phil.366

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111. People vs. Diaz, 55 SCRA 178 Sec. 26, Republic Act 9262
112. People vs. Abesamis, 531 SCRA 300
Art.12. Exempting Circumstances
D. Self-defense; defense of honor
113. People vs. Jaurigue, 76 Phil. 174 A. Insanity
114. People vs. Dela Cruz, 61 Phil. 144 129. People vs. Ambal, 100 SCRA 325
130. People vs. Puno, 105 SCRA 151
E. Defense of property and person 131. People vs. Austria, 260 SCRA 106
115. People vs. Enconmienda, 46 SCRA 522 132. People vs. Villanueva, 534 SCRA 147
133. People vs. Belonio, 429 SCRA 579
F. Defense of stranger 134. People vs.Opuran, 425 SCRA 654
116. People vs. Moral, 132 SCRA 474 135. People vs. Talavera, 361 SCRA 433
117. U.S. vs. Subingsubing, 31 Phil. 376 136. People vs. Rafanan, Jr. 204 SCRA 65
118. Cabuslay vs. People, 471 SCRA 241 137. People vs. Sarip, 88 SCRA 666
138. People vs. Borja, 91 SCRA 340
G. Accident 139. People vs. Tibon, 622 SCRA 510
119. Ty vs. People, 435 SCRA 332
B. Sleepwalking
H. Performance of duty 140. People vs. Taneo, 58 Phil. 196
120. Valcorza vs. People, 30 SCRA 143
121. People vs. Delima 46 Phil. 738 C. Minority
122. People vs. Peralta, 350 SCRA 198 Secs. 6 & 20, Republic 9344
123. People vs. Tan, 73 SCRA 288 141. People vs. Ancajas, G.R. No. 199270, October 21,
124. People vs. Pinto, Jr.,204 SCRA 9 2015, 773 SCRA 518
125. Mamangan vs. People, 514 SCRA 44 142. Dorado vs. People, G.R. No. 216671, October 3,
126. Paera vs. People, 649 SCRA 384 2016
127. Cabanlig vs. People, 464 SCRA 324 143. Sierra vs. People, 591 SCRA 666
144. Hubilla vs. People, G.R. No. 176102, November 26,
I. Battered Woman Syndrome 2014, 742 SCRA 487
128. People vs. Genosa, 341 SCRA 493

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D. Accident 160. Oriente vs. People, 513 SCRA 348
145. Marikina Auto Line Transport Corp. vs. People, 486
SCRA 284 E. Provocation or threat
146. Pomoy vs. People, 439 SCRA 439 161. People vs. Marquez, 53 Phil. 260
162. People vs. Babor, 262 SCRA 359
E. Duress 163. People vs. Rabanillo, 307 SCRA 613
147. People vs. Anticamara, 651 SCRA 489
148. People vs. Licayan, G.R. No. 203961, July 29, 2015, F. Vindication of a grave offense
764 SCRA 227 164. People vs. Diokno, 63 Phil. 601
149. U.S. vs. Exaltacion, 3 Phil. 339 165. People vs. Evangelista, 256 SCRA 611
150. People vs. Bandian, 63 Phil. 530 166. People vs. Santos, 255 SCRA 309
151. People vs. Quintana, 174 SCRA 675
G. Passion or obfuscation
Art. 13. Mitigating Circumstances 167. People vs. Caliso, 58 SCRA 283
168. People vs. Gervacio, 24 SCRA 960
A. Incomplete self-defense 169. U.S. vs. Hicks, 14 Phil. 217
152. People vs. De Jesus, 118 SCRA 616 170. People vs. Real, 242 SCRA 671

B. Minority H. Voluntary surrender


153. People vs. Fernandez, 206 SCRA 414 171. People vs. Crisostomo, 160 SCRA 47
154. People vs. Ching, 538 SCRA 117 172. People vs. Oandasan, 25 SCRA 277

C. Passion and Obfuscation I. Physical and mental defect or illness


155. People vs. Flores, 252 SCRA 31 173. People vs. Baez, G.R. No. 125849, January 20, 1999
156. People vs. Lascuna, 225 SCRA 386 174. People vs. Pascual, 220 SCRA 440
157. People vs. Boyles, 11 SCRA 88 175. People vs. Buenafloor, 211 SCRA 492
158. People vs. Bautista, 28 SCRA 184 176. People vs. Medina, 286 SCRA 44
177. People vs. Villanueva, 534 SCRA 147
D. No intention to commit so grave a wrong 178. People vs. Banez, 301 SCRA 618
159. People vs. Sales, 658 SCRA 367 179. Gallardo vs. Tabamo, Jr., 232 SCRA 690

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J. Analogous circumstances E. Recidivism
180. Frontreras vs. People, G.R. No. 190583, December 195. People vs. Lagarto, 196 SCRA 611
7, 2015, 776 SCRA 152 196. People vs. Jaranilla, 55 SCRA 563
181. Legrama vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 178626, June 197. People vs. Lacao, Sr., 201 SCRA 317
13, 2012, 672 SCRA 270
F. Evident premeditation
Art. 14. Aggravating Circumstances 198. US vs. Manalinde, 14 Phil. 77
199. People vs. Ong, 62 SCRA 174
A. Abuse of public position 200. US vs. Zalsos and Ragmac, 40 Phil. 96
182. People vs. Ural, 56 SCRA 138 201. People vs. Penones, 200 SCRA 624
183. People vs. Romualdez, 57 Phil. 148
G. Treachery
B. Dwelling 202. People vs. Zabala, G.R. No. 203087, November 23,
184. People vs. Mori, 55 SCRA 383 2015, 775 SCRA 326
185. People vs. Basa, 83 Phil. 622 203. People vs. Cuesta, G.R. No. 217380, November 23,
186. People vs. Ramolete, 56 SCRA 66 2015, 775 SCRA 363
204. US vs. Balagtas, 19 Phil. 164
C. Abuse of confidence or obvious ungratefulness 205. US vs. Baluyot, 44 Phil. 478
187. People vs. Torres, G.R. No. 189850, September 22, 206. People vs. Sabella, 649 SCRA 431
2014, 735 SCRA 687 207. People vs. Rebutado, 162 SCRA 276
188. US vs. Torida, 23 Phil. 189 208. People vs. Ramolete, 56 SCRA 66
189. People vs. Bautista, 65 SCRA 460 209. People vs. Umawid, G.R. No. 207990, June 9, 2014,
190. People vs. Nismal, 114 SCRA 126 725 SCRA 582
210. People vs. Mongado, G.R. No. L-24877, June 30,
D. Nighttime, uninhabited place, band 1969, 28 SCRA 642
191. People vs. Alcala, 46 Phil 211. People vs. Nazareno, G.R. No. 180915, August 9,
192. People vs. Matbagon, 60 Phil. 887 2010, 627 SCRA 383
193. People vs. Boyles, 11 SCRA 88
194. People vs. Ga, 186 SCRA 789 H. Ignominy

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212. People vs. Jose, 37 SCRA 450 227. People vs. Lao, 1 SCRA 42
213. People vs. Balondo, 30 SCRA 155 228. People vs. Cruz, 191 SCRA 377
214. People vs. Pantoja, 25 SCRA 468 229. People vs. Canial, 46 SCRA 634
215. People vs. Mongado, 28 SCRA 642
216. People vs. Torrefiel, C.A. 45 O.G. 830 (3) By indispensable cooperation
230. U.S. vs. Javier, 31 Phil. 235
I. Cruelty 231. People vs. Labis, 21 SCRA 875
217. People vs. Dayug, 49 Phil. 423 232. People vs. Fernandez, 183 SCRA 511
218. People vs. Mariquinia, 84 Phil. 39
219. People vs. Curiano, 9 SCRA 323 Art. 18. Accomplices
233. Santiago vs. People, G.R. No. 200233, July 15,
J. Use of motor vehicles 2015, 763 SCRA 54
220. People vs. Salahuddin, G.R. No. 206291, January 234. People vs. Yao, G.R. No. 208170, August 20, 2014,
18, 2016 733 SCRA 608
235. Garces vs. People, 527 SCRA 827
236. Abarquez vs. People, 479 SCRA 225
TITLE TWO: PERSONS CRIMINALLY LIABLE FOR 237. People vs. Villanueva, 270 SCRA 456
FELONIES 238. People vs. Obello, 284 SCRA 79
239. People vs. Corbes, 270 SCRA 465
Art. 17. Principal 240. People vs. Saul, 372 SCRA 636
(1) By direct participation 241. People vs. Garcia, 373 SCRA 134
221. People vs. Balasa, 245 SCRA 49 242. Abejuela vs. People, 200 SCRA 806
222. People vs. Cortez, 57 SCRA 316
223. Araneta, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals, 189 SCRA 123 Art. 19. Accessories
224. People vs. Castelo, 11 SCRA 193 243. People vs. Penaflor, G.R. No. 206296, August 12,
2015, 766 SCRA 427
(2) By induction 244. People vs. SP01 Catalino Gonzales, G.R. No.
225. Ambagan, Jr. v. People, G.R. Nos. 204481-82, 192233, February 17, 2016
October 14, 2015, 772 SCRA 489 245. Padernal vs. People, G.R. No. 18111, August 17,
226. People vs. Gensola, 29 SCRA 483 2015, 766 SCRA 614

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246. People vs. Nazareno, 532 SCRA 630 261. David vs. People, G.R. No. 208320, August 19,
247. People vs. Barangan, 534 SCRA 570 2015, 767 SCRA 690
248. People vs. Ortega, Jr. 276 SCRA 166 262. People vs. Valdez, G.R. No. 216007-09, December
249. People vs. Maluenda, 288 SCRA 225 8, 2015, 776 SCRA 672
250. People vs. Verzola, 80 SCRA 608 263. People vs. Magno, G.R. No. 206972, December 2,
251. U.S. vs. Cuizon, 20 Phil. 433 2015, 776 SCRA 35
252. U.S. vs. Villaluz, 32 SCRA 376 264. People vs. Felipe Mirandilla, Jr., G.R. No. 186417,
253. People vs. Talingdan, 84 SCRA 19 July 27, 2011
254. Vino vs. People, 178 SCRA 629 265. People vs. Garcia, G.R. No. 141125, February 28,
2002
PD 1612, The Anti-Fencing Law of 1979 266. Fransdilla vs. People, G.R. No. 197562, April 20,
2015, 756 SCRA 164
Title III. PENALTIES 267. People vs. Amaro, G.R. No. 199100, July 18, 2014
268. People vs. Donio, G.R. No. 21815, March 1, 2017
Art. 28. Computation of Penalties 269. People vs. Toling, 62 SCRA 17
255. People vs. Enriquez, 107 Phil. 201 270. People vs. Lopez, 344 SCRA 756
271. People vs. Maghanoy, 180 SCRA 111
Art. 29 Preventive Imprisonment 272. People vs. Madali, 188 SCRA 69
256. People vs. Abanes, 73 SCRA 44 273. People vs. Hernandez, 99 Phil. 515
257. City Warden of Manila City Jail vs. Estrella, 364 274. Enrile vs. Amin, 189 SCRA 573
SCRA 257 275. Enrile vs. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217
276. Dayap vs. Sendiong 577 SCRA 134
Art. 36 Pardon 277. Ivler vs. Hon. Maria Rowena Modesto-San Pedro,
258. People vs. Salle, Jr. 250 SCRA 592 GR 172716, November 17. 2010
278. People vs. Lawas, 97 Phil. 975
Art. 39. Subsidiary Penalty 279. People vs. Abella, 93 SCRA 25
259. Quemel vs. Court of Appeals, 22 SCRA 44 280. People vs. Barbas, 60 Phil. 241
281. People vs. Rodas, 78 Phil. 855
Art. 48. Penalty for Complex Crimes 282. People vs. Ong, 62 SCRA 174
260. Malana vs. People, 549 SCRA 676, March 14, 2008 283. People vs. Lapatan, 360 SCRA 60

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284. People vs. Orias, 622 SCRA 417 303. People vs. Temporada, G.R. No. 173473, December
17, 2008
Continued Crimes
285. People vs. De Leon, 49 Phil. 437 PD 968, The Probation Law
286. People vs. Jaranilla, 55 SCRA 563 304. Colinares v. People, G.R. No. 182748, December
287. People vs. Dela Cruz, GR L-1745, May 23, 1950 13, 2011
288. Mallari vs. People, 168 SCRA 422 305. Dimakuta vs. People, G.R. No. 206513, October 30,
289. People vs. Mission, 194 SCRA 432 2015

Art. 62 (5) Habitual Delinquency RA 9344


290. People vs. Lacsamana, 70 Phil. 517
291. People vs. Morales, 61 Phil. 222 TITLE IV. EXTINCTION OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY
292. People vs. Santiago, 55 Phil. 266
293. People vs. Dela Rama, 62 Phil. 972 Art. 89. How criminal liability is totally extinguished
294. People vs. De Jesus, 63 Phil. 760 306. Petralba vs. Sandiganbayan, 200 SCRA 644
295. People vs. Tolentino, 73 Phil. 643 307. People vs. Bayotas, 236 SCRA 239
308. Alvarez vs. Dir. of Prisons, 80 Phil. 43
Arts. 70, 71 Successive service of sentence, graduated scales; 309. Barrioquinto vs. Fernandez, 82 Phil. 642
incremental penalties 310. Santos vs. Superintendent, 55 Phil. 345
296. People vs. Echegaray, 267 SCRA 682
297. Echegaray vs. Secretary of Justice, 297 SCRA 754 Art. 90. Prescription of crimes
298. Celestial vs. People, G.R. No. 214865, August 19, 311. People vs. Ramos, 83 SCRA 1
2015, 767 SCRA 706 312. People vs. Canson, 101 Phil. 537
299. People vs. Bautista, August 17, 1999 313. People vs. Crisostomo, 5 SCRA 1052
300. People vs. Flores, 375 SCRA 491 314. People vs. Pacificador, GR 139405, March 13, 2001
301. Bagtas vs. Dir. of Prisons, 84 Phil. 692 315. Lacson vs. Secretary of Justice,
302. Mari vs. Court of Appeals, 332 SCRA 475
Art. 91. Computation of the prescription of offenses
Act. 4103, The Indeterminate Sentence Law 316. Cabral vs. Puno, 70 SCRA 606
317. Arches vs. Bellasillo, 81 Phil. 190

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318. People vs. Abuy, 5 SCRA 222
319. Francisco vs. CA, 122 SCRA 545
320. Recebido vs. People, 346 SCRA 881

Art. 93. Computation of the prescription of penalties


321. Infante vs. Warden, 92 Phil. 310
Art. 97. Allowance for good conduct
322. City Warden of Manila City Jail vs. Estrella, supra
323. Baking vs. Dir. of Prisons, 28 SCRA 851

Title V. Civil Liability

Art. 100. Civil liability of a person guilty of felony


324. Occena vs. Icamina, 181 SCRA 328
325. Jimenez vs. Averia, 22 SCRA 1380
326. Roxas vs. People, 57 SCRA 243

Art. 101. Rules re: civil liability in certain cases


327. People vs. Bankili, 40 SCRA 132

At. 103. Subsidiary liability of other persons


328. Carpio vs. Doroja, 180 SCRA 1
329. Barza Marketing Corp. vs. Bolinao Security, 117
SCRA 156
330. Jamelo vs. Serfino, 44 SCRA 464

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