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Beam Design

Beam Data
width 200 mm
depth 600 mm d' 36 mm
clear cover to main 15 mm eff depth 565 mm
reinf.
Material Grades
Concrete 20 MPa
Steel 415 MPa

Moment 123 KN-m Mu/bd2 1.93


xumax 270
Mulim 176
Mulim/bd2 2.76

Beam is designed as Singly Reinforced Beam

Area of Steel Tension (Ast) Compr (Asc)


Percentage 0.613 % ------- Refer Table 2 SP 16 pg 48
Area of Steel 692 sqmm

Tension Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 25 mm 2 982 sqmm
Layer 2 16 mm 2 402 sqmm
Layer 3 - 2
Total Steel Provided 1384 sqmm 1.226 %
Provided Steel OK

Compression Reinforcement
Type Bar dia Nos Area of Steel
Layer 1 12 mm 2
Layer 2 -
Layer 3
Total Steel Provided #VALUE!

Shear Force (Vu) 200 KN


v 1.771 .=Vu / (b * d)
c 0.562 Refer Table 61 SP 16 pg 179 or =(0.85*(0.8*fck)*(1+5)-1)) / (6
cmax 2.8 Refer Table J SP 16 pg 175

Type Bar Dia Nos Area of Steel


Layer 1 16 mm 2 402 sqmm
Layer 2 12 mm 4 452 sqmm
Layer 3 -
Total Steel Provided 855 sqmm 0.757 %

Sectional Dimensions OK
Shear Reinforcements required

Type of stirrup 2 legged


Stirrup diameter 8 mm
Spacing 150 c/c
Beam Design

.= cc+ sdia + mdia/2


.= d - d'

.= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d


.= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))

Refer Table 2 SP 16 pg 48

or =(0.85*(0.8*fck)*(1+5)-1)) / (6)
Steel Calculation

Grade Check
7.1

SRB DRB
a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2 a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2
b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy) b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy)
c 1.930 .=Mu/bd2 c 2.762 .=Mulim/bd2
-p 0.613 .=-(b(b2-4ac))/2a -p 0.955 .=-(b(b2-4ac))/2a
Ast 692 .=(p*b*d)/100 Astlim 1079 .=(p*b*d)/100

Mu2 -53 .=Mu - Mulim


Ast2 -278 .=Mu2/((0.87*fy)*(d-d'))
Ast 801 .=Astlim+Ast2

0.0629 d'/d 0.10


0.1 fsc 353 Refer Table F SP 16 pg 13
fcc 8.92 .=0.466*fck
Asc -291 .=Mu2/((fsc-fcc)*(d-d'))

Min steel % 0.205 .=0.85% / fy


Ast 692
Asc -291

Min Steel 231 .=(0.85*b*d) / fy


Max Steel 4516 .=0.04*b*d)

Ast 692
Asc

Shear Calculations

Pt provided 0.757 .=(Ast*100)/(b*d)


Pc provided .=(Asc*100)/(b*d)
3.068 .=(0.8*fck)/(6.89*Pt)

Shear Capacity of Concrete (Vs) 63 .=c*b*d


Shear Stg to be caried by Stirrup (Vus) 137 .=Vu-Vs

Spacing
least of the 4
provide the

actual req 150 .=(Asv*0.87fy*d)/Vus


min 454 .=(Asv*0.87fy)/(b*0.4)
max 423 .=0.75d
max 300 .=300mm
Column Design

Design Loads
Load Pu 2000 KN
Moment Mu 20 KN-m

Column Data
width b 200 mm
depth d 200 mm
length l 3.00 meters

Grade
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa

Pu/(fckbd) 2.50 Minimum eccentricity


Mu/(fckbd2) 0.01 ex 1.27 mm OK
d'/d 0.05 ey 1.27 mm OK

Refer Chart 31 of SP 16, Page no: 116

pt/fck 0.18

pt 3.60%
Ast 1440 sqmm

Number of bars
dia nos ast
25 mm 4 1963 sqmm 4- 25#

20 mm 4 1257 sqmm 4- 20#

20 mm 4 1257 sqmm 4- 20#


Total 12 4477 sqmm

Steel provided OK
Column Design

Design Constants Design Final Ast


Sl Grid Col Col
Col Nos. Load Moment Column Data Grade Ast Req Remark
No. No type Shape Pu/(fckbdl) Mu/(fckbdl2) d'/d Type 1
Paramenters Required
Ast less than
1 - - C1 R 1500 KN 30 KN-m 30 KN-m 200 mm 750 mm 750 mm 50 mm 3.60 m 20 MPa 415 MPa 0.50 0.01 0.1 0.02 0.40% 600 sqmm 1200 sqmm 4 12 mm 452 sqmm
min Ast req.

09/08/2017 Page 7 of 20
Area of Steel
Check Fig
Type 2 Total Reinf Provided
Steel
2 12 mm 226 sqmm 6 679 sqmm provided
NOT OK

09/08/2017 Page 8 of 20
Slab Design

Slab thickness t 150 mm Sunken Depth 325 mm


Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa

Loading
Slab Load Sunken Slab Load
Dead Load DL 3.750 KN/m Dead Load DL 3.750 KN/m
Live Load LL 2.000 KN/m Filler Load FL 5 KN/m
Finishes Load WL 1.000 KN/m Live Load LL 3.0 KN/m
Total Load Ws 6.750 KN/m Finishes Load WL 1.0 KN/m
Factored Load Wsu 10 KN/m Total Load Wsk 12.37 KN/m
Factored Load Wsku 19 KN/m

Slab Data
Slab Type Regular
Load 10 KN/m
Longer Span (ly) 9.50 m ly/lx ratio 2.02
Shorter Span (lx) 4.70 m Slab type -

Loading on edges one way two way


Wlonger 24 KN/m .=w*lx/2 .=(w*lx/2) + (1-(1/3)*(lx/ly)2)
Wshorter .=w*lx/3

Moments one way two way


Mx 28 KN-m .=w*lx / 8
2
.=x * w*lx2
.=y * w*lx2

Thickness Check OK .=Mulim > Mux or Muy


Deflection 10 mm .= 5*W*l4/(384EI)

Astx Refer Chart 4 SP 16 pg 21 or


Area of Steel
667 sqmm Refer Table 5-44 SP 16 pg 51-80

Spacing required in mm
8# 10# 12# 16#
x y x y x y x x
75 c/c 118 c/c 170 c/c 301 c/c
.=ast of bar*1000/ast req

Final Ast x y
provided
Design Calculations

ONE WAY TWO WAY


a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck) 2 a 0.75 .=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2
b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy) b -3.611 .=(0.87/100) * (fy)
cx 1.654 .=Mu/bd2 cy #VALUE! .=Mu/bd2
-px 0.513 .=-(b(b2-4ac))/2a -py #VALUE! .=-(b(b2-4ac))/2a
Ast 667 .=(p*b*d)/100 Ast #VALUE! .=(p*b*d)/100

Min Ast % mm2


0.12 180

Interpolation 1 0.056

Table 26 IS 456 pg 91
ly/lx x y 1.1 0.064
lower upper exact lower upper interptn.
value value value value value value 1.2 0.072
0.00 0.00 2.02 #N/A #N/A #N/A 0.056 1.3 0.079
1.4 0.085
1.5 0.089
2 0.107

xumax 62 .= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d


Mulim 47 KN-m .= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))
Mulim/bd2 2.76
Mux/bd2 1.65
Muy/bd2 #VALUE!

E 2.24E+07
I 2.81E-04 .= bd3/12
Defln 10.23 .= 5*W*l4/(384EI)
Slab thickness t 150 mm
Concrete fck 20 MPa
Steel fy 415 MPa Sunken Depth 450 mm
Loading
Slab Load Sunken Slab Load
Dead Load DL 3.75 KN/m Dead Load DL 3.75 KN/m
Live Load LL 3.00 KN/m Filler Load FL 6.39 KN/m
Floor Finish FF 1.00 KN/m Live Load LL 3.00 KN/m
Other Load OL 0.00 KN/m Floor Finish Load WL 1.00 KN/m
Total Load Ws 7.75 KN/m Total Load Wsk 14.14 KN/m
Factored Load Wsu 12 KN/m Factored Load Wsku 21 KN/m

Design & Reinforcement Details of Slabs

Slab Data Spacing required in mm

Slab type
Spacing provided in
Longer Shorter Loading on edges Moments Thickness Area of Steel
Load ly/lx 8# 10# 12# mm c/c
Sl.No Sl. Id Thickness Span Span Check
Wsu / Wsku ly lx Wlonger Wshorter Mx Astx x y x y x y x y

1 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 7.20 m 3.00 m 2.40 - 18 KN/m 14 KN-m OK 302 sqmm 166 c/c 260 c/c 374 c/c

1a Regular 150 mm 12 KN 7.20 m 3.50 m 2.06 - 21 KN/m 18 KN-m OK 420 sqmm 120 c/c 187 c/c 269 c/c

2 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 9.20 m 1.50 m 6.13 - 9 KN/m 3 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 279 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c

3 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 5.70 m 2.00 m 2.85 - 12 KN/m 6 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 279 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c

4 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 3.60 m 2.00 m 1.80 + 11 KN/m 8 KN/m 5 KN-m 3 KN-m OK 180 sqmm 180 sqmm 279 c/c 279 c/c 436 c/c 436 c/c 628 c/c 628 c/c

5 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 15.00 m 2.60 m 5.77 - 16 KN/m 10 KN-m OK 224 sqmm 224 c/c 350 c/c 505 c/c

6 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 6.50 m 5.50 m 1.18 + 25 KN/m 22 KN/m 26 KN-m 20 KN-m OK 604 sqmm 468 sqmm 83 c/c 107 c/c 130 c/c 168 c/c 187 c/c 242 c/c

7 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 7.40 m 6.00 m 1.23 + 28 KN/m 24 KN/m 32 KN-m 24 KN-m OK 782 sqmm 567 sqmm 64 c/c 89 c/c 100 c/c 139 c/c 145 c/c 199 c/c

8 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 8.30 m 2.40 m 3.46 - 14 KN/m 9 KN-m OK 190 sqmm 265 c/c 414 c/c 596 c/c

9 Regular 150 mm 12 KN 6.70 m 3.70 m 1.81 + 20 KN/m 15 KN/m 17 KN-m 9 KN-m OK 379 sqmm 203 sqmm 133 c/c 248 c/c 207 c/c 388 c/c 298 c/c 558 c/c

10 Sunken 150 mm 21 KN 6.50 m 5.00 m 1.30 + 42 KN/m 35 KN/m 41 KN-m 29 KN-m OK 1066 sqmm 706 sqmm 47 c/c 71 c/c 74 c/c 111 c/c 106 c/c 160 c/c

11 Sunken 150 mm 21 KN 5.80 m 4.80 m 1.21 + 39 KN/m 34 KN/m 35 KN-m 27 KN-m OK 869 sqmm 644 sqmm 58 c/c 78 c/c 90 c/c 122 c/c 130 c/c 176 c/c
-
-
-
-
-
-

Slab type

+
+
+
+
+
+

Slab Name
Values of Moments and Shear force at different locations
Location (meters) Moments (KNm) Shear (KN)

Mark
x y Mx My Mxy Qx
0 0 0 0 9 0
1.5 0 0 0 9 0
3 0 0 0 7 0
4.5 0 0 0 4 0
6 0 0 0 0 0
7.5 0 0 0 -4 0
9 0 0 0 -7 0
10.5 0 0 0 -9 0
12 0 0 0 -9 0
0 1.5 0 0 9 15
1.5 1.5 20 20 8 14
3 1.5 38 38 6 10
4.5 1.5 49 49 3 6
6 1.5 53 53 0 0
7.5 1.5 49 49 -3 -6
9 1.5 38 38 -6 -10
10.5 1.5 20 20 -8 -14
12 1.5 0 0 -9 -15
0 3 0 0 7 27
1.5 3 38 38 6 25
3 3 69 69 5 19
4.5 3 91 91 3 10
6 3 98 98 0 0
7.5 3 91 91 -3 -10
9 3 69 69 -5 -19
10.5 3 38 38 -6 -25
12 3 0 0 -7 -27
0 4.5 0 0 4 36
1.5 4.5 49 49 3 33
3 4.5 91 91 3 25
4.5 4.5 118 118 1 14
6 4.5 128 128 0 0
7.5 4.5 118 118 -1 -14
9 4.5 91 91 -3 -25
10.5 4.5 49 49 -3 -33
12 4.5 0 0 -4 -36
0 6 0 0 0 39
1.5 6 53 53 0 36
3 6 98 98 0 27
4.5 6 128 128 0 15
6 6 139 139 0 0
7.5 6 128 128 0 -15
9 6 98 98 0 -27
10.5 6 53 53 0 -36
12 6 0 0 0 -39
0 7.5 0 0 -4 36
1.5 7.5 49 49 -3 33
3 7.5 91 91 -3 25
4.5 7.5 118 118 -1 14
6 7.5 128 128 0 0
7.5 7.5 118 118 1 -14
9 7.5 91 91 3 -25
10.5 7.5 49 49 3 -33
12 7.5 0 0 4 -36
0 9 0 0 -7 27
1.5 9 38 38 -6 25
3 9 69 69 -5 19
4.5 9 91 91 -3 10
6 9 98 98 0 0
7.5 9 91 91 3 -10
9 9 69 69 5 -19
10.5 9 38 38 6 -25
12 9 0 0 7 -27
0 10.5 0 0 -9 15
1.5 10.5 20 20 -8 14
3 10.5 38 38 -6 10
4.5 10.5 49 49 -3 6
6 10.5 53 53 0 0
7.5 10.5 49 49 3 -6
9 10.5 38 38 6 -10
10.5 10.5 20 20 8 -14
12 10.5 0 0 9 -15
0 12 0 0 -9 0
1.5 12 0 0 -9 0
3 12 0 0 -7 0
4.5 12 0 0 -4 0
6 12 0 0 0 0
7.5 12 0 0 4 0
9 12 0 0 7 0
10.5 12 0 0 9 0
12 12 0 0 9 0
ts and Shear force at different locations
Shear (KN)
Qy
0
15
27
36
39
36
27
15
0
0
14
25
33
36
33
25
14
0
0
10
19
25
27
25
19
10
0
0
6
10
14
15
14
10
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-6
-10
-14
-15
-14
-10
-6
0
0
-10
-19
-25
-27
-25
-19
-10
0
0
-14
-25
-33
-36
-33
-25
-14
0
0
-15
-27
-36
-39
-36
-27
-15
0
Staircase Design

Data
Effective Span (l) 3.00 mm
Riser (R) 150 mm
Thread (T) 300 mm
Waist Slab thickness (t) 150 mm
Clear Cover 15 mm
Effective Depth of Waist Slab (d) 135 mm

Grade of Concrete (fck) 20 MPa


Grade of Steel (fy) 415 MPa

Loading
Loads on going Loads on waist slab
Self weight of waist slab 4.19 KN/m Self weight of landing slab 3.75 KN/m
Self weight of steps 1.88 KN/m Live Load 2.00 KN/m
Live Load 3.00 KN/m Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m
Floor Finish Load 1.00 KN/m Total Load 6.75 KN/m
Total Load 10.07 KN/m Factored Load 10.13 KN/m
Factored Load 15.10 KN/m

Bending Moment
Calculate Bending Moment using the equation (W*L*L )/8
###
Bending Moment = 17 KN-m

Reaction
to be used as UDL = 23 KN ###
60 KN-m

Area of Main Steel


Ast 370 sqmm

Spacing
Diameter of bar 12 16
Spacing across x 306 c/c 544 c/c

Provded Main Steel:

Area of Distribution Steel


Ast 180 sqmm

Spacing
Diameter of bar 8 10
Spacing across y 279 c/c 436 c/c

Provided Distridution Steel:


Seismic Zone II Table 2 IS 1893 2002 pg 16
Seismic Intensity z 0.1

Importance factor I 1.5 Table 6 IS 1893 2002 pg 18

Response Reduction Factor R 3 Table 7 IS 1893 2002 pg 23

Lateral Dimension of Building d 65.6 meters


Height of the of Building h 50.4 meters

with brick infill


Fundamental Natural Period Ta 0.560

Type of Soil Medium Soil

Spectral Acceleration Coefficient Sa/g 2.428

Design Horizontal Seismic Coefficient Ah 0.0607097

Seismic Weight of Building W 680034 KN

Design Seismic Base Shear VB 41284.632 KN


DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL

1 Preliminary Data
i) Height of RW h 2.50 meters
ii) Soil Density s 18 KN/cum
iii) SBC qo 180 KN/sqm
30 degrees
iv) Angle of repose
0.524 radians
0 degrees
v) Surcharge Angle
0.000 radians
vi) Coefficient of friction 0.5
vii) Surcharge Load Ws 40 KN/sqm

2 Pressure Coefficients
Active Pressure Coefficients
i) =(cos-(cos2-cos2)*cos) / (cos+(cos2- Ca 0.333
cos2))
Passive Pressure Coefficients
ii) Cp 3.00
= (1+Sin) / (1+Sin)

3 Preliminary Dimensions
Proposed Adopted
i) Thickness of Stem ts - 0.40 meters
ii) Thickness of footing base slab tb = 0.08 * (h + hs) 0.20 meters 0.60 meters
Length of base slab L = 1.5 * (Ca/3) * (h + hs) 2.36 meters
iii) 2.60 meters
or L = 0.6h to 0.65h 3.07 meters

iv) Extra Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge hs = Ws/s 2.22 meters
v) Total Height of Retaining Wall due to Surcharge Hs = h+hs 4.72 meters

vi) Extra Height of RW due to inclined back fill hi = (L-ts)* tan 0.00 meters
vii) Total Height of RW due to inclined back fill Hi = h+hi 2.50 meters

viii) Design Height of RW considered H = Max of H1 & H2 4.72 meters

4 Stability against Overturning


i) Active pressure due Surcharge Load Pa1 = Ca*Ws*h 33 KN
ii) Active pressure due Backfill Load Pa2 = Ca*s*h / 2 2
19 KN
iii) Total Load on stem Pa = Pa1 + Pa2 52 KN

iv) Overturning Moment Mo= (Pa1 * h/2) +(( Pa2*Cos)* h/3) 57 KNm

v) Load Lever arm from end of stem Moment

W1 Backfill Load = (L-ts)*(h-tb)*s 75 KN (L-ts) / 2 1.10 meters 83 KNm


W2 Surcharge Load = Ca*Ws*h 33 KN (L-ts) / 2 1.10 meters 37 KNm
W3 Inclined Backfill Load = ((L-ts)*hi)/2*s 0 KN (L-ts) / 3 0.73 meters 0 KNm
W4 Stem self weight = ts*(h-tb)*conc 19 KN (L- (ts/2))/2 1.20 meters 23 KNm
W5 Base self weight = L*tb*conc 39 KN L/2 1.30 meters 51 KNm
W6 Downward component = Pa*sin 0 KN 0 KNm
W6 Other Load 0 KNm
W 167 KN Mw 193 KNm

vi) Distance of Resultant Vertical Force from end of heel xw=Mw/W 1.16 meters

vii) Stabilizing Moment Mr =W * (L - xw) 240 KNm

viii) Factor of Safety against OVERTURNING


(FS)OT = 0.9 * (Mr/Mo) 3.77 > 1.4 Safe against Overturning

5 Stability against Sliding


i) Sliding Force Pa*Cos 52 KN
ii) Resisting Force F = *W 83 KN

iii) Factor of Safety against SLIDING


(FS)SL=0.9*(F/(Pa*Cos)) 1.44 > 1.4 Safe against Sliding

Shear Key not required

iv) Shear key Design


x 0.00 meters
a) Shear Key Size
y 0.00 meters
b) Distance from stem z 0.00 meters
c) Heigth of exacavation h1 0.00 meters
d) Heigth of exacavation h2 = h1 + y + (z * tan) 0.00 meters
e) Passive Pressure Pp = Cp*s*(h12-h22) / 2 0 KN
v) Revised Factor of Safety against SLIDING
(FS)sliding = 0.9 * ((F+Pp)/(Pa*Cos)) 1.44 > 1.4
Safe against Sliding

6 Soil Pressures at footing base


i) Resultant Vertical Reaction W = R 167 KN
ii) Distance of R from heel Lr = (Mw+Mo)/R 1.50 meters
iii) Eccentricity e = Lr- L/2 0.20 meters
Eccentricity lies within middle third of the base hence OK

iv) Pressure Distridution on soil qmax = R/L * (1+(6*e/L)) 94 KN/sqm


qmin = R/L * (1-(6*e/L)) 34 KN/sqm
Max Pressure qmax<SBC hence pressure on base is OK

Pressure at junction of stem and q =q -((q -q )/L)*t )


v) sh max max min 85 KN/sqm
heel s