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# MATERIAL POLIMER

3 sks/TL141366
Rabu 13.00 - 15.30

Amaliya Rasyida
amaliya@mat-eng.its.ac.id /amaliyarasyida@gmail.com
Office: MT219 / Innovative Materials Lab.

+6281331659791

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

FTI - ITS
1. KONSEP DASAR MATERIAL POLIMER
Definisi
Sejarah perkembangan polimer
Ruang lingkup
Klasifikasi polimer

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
DOP affect the properties

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Many polymer properties are affected by
the length of the polymer chains
The same polymer material can have
quite different properties if it is produced
with a different molecular weight

PE

PC

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

The same polymer from different sources may
have different molecular weight

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Entanglement of polymer chains

## The minimum molecular weight required

for good physical and mechanical
properties for many important polymers
is 25000 g/mol.
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Molecular weight data for a poly-tetrafluoroethylene material
are tabulated. Compute (a)the number-average molecular
weight,(b) the weight-average molecular weight, and (c)the
degree of polymerization.

C = 12.01 g/mol
F = 19 g/mol

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Goal of making polymers make a
material with the ideal properties.

## The longer the molecules (or the higher

the molecular weight) the higher the
entanglement forces

Tensile Strength

## Theories by Wool and others

more than 90% tensile strength
and other mechanical properties
are attained when the chain
reaches eight entanglement in
length

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Ductility
A higher molecular weight Increases how far the material can
stretch before rupturing (ductility)
The higher degree of entanglement allows the material to be
pulled further before the chains break

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Impact Resistant
A higher molecular weight Increases the impact resistance of
the material
The higher degree of entanglement means that in order to
rupture, more polymer bonds need to be broken, this means
that the polymer can absorb more energy before failing.

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Weather Resistant
A higher molecular weight increases the weather resistance of
the material
The chains are longer, so they can withstand more damage
before the mechanical properties will start to diminish

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Viscosity
A higher molecular weight Increases the viscosity of the
material makes it harder to process the material using
conventional methods
The longer the chains, the harder it is to get them to flow

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Chemical Resistant
A higher molecular weight Increases the chemical resistance
It takes more damage to the main chains of the molecules before
it will affect the strength of the material

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Charles Goodyear
discovers
Vulcanization
vulcanized rubber

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
M. Polanyi analyzing crystal structure cellulose

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Paper publication related to polymerization

## Large scale production of vinyl-chloride resins begin

Polystyrene is invented

Nylon is produced

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Polyethylene is developed, high low density; packaging piping - toys

## Ekonol for electronic devices and aircraft engines

Kevlar is developed

Polymer/plastic industries

## We now use more polymeric materials

than any other materials

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Homework number 1

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Kimia polimer

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

NATURAL POLYMER
Produced from living organism and results from only raw materials that are found in
nature

## Great attention for natural polymer, WHY?

BIOCOMPATIBLE
CAN BE HYDROLYSED INTO REMOVABLE AND NON-TOXIC PRODUCTS

## MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT