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MATERIAL POLIMER

3 sks/TL141366
Rabu 13.00 - 15.30

Amaliya Rasyida
amaliya@mat-eng.its.ac.id /amaliyarasyida@gmail.com
Office: MT219 / Innovative Materials Lab.

+6281331659791

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


FTI - ITS
1. KONSEP DASAR MATERIAL POLIMER
Definisi
Sejarah perkembangan polimer
Ruang lingkup
Klasifikasi polimer

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
DOP affect the properties

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Many polymer properties are affected by
the length of the polymer chains
The same polymer material can have
quite different properties if it is produced
with a different molecular weight

PE

PC

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


The same polymer from different sources may
have different molecular weight

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Entanglement of polymer chains

(a) Low molecular weight (b) High molecular weight

The minimum molecular weight required


for good physical and mechanical
properties for many important polymers
is 25000 g/mol.
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Molecular weight data for a poly-tetrafluoroethylene material
are tabulated. Compute (a)the number-average molecular
weight,(b) the weight-average molecular weight, and (c)the
degree of polymerization.

C = 12.01 g/mol
F = 19 g/mol

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Goal of making polymers make a
material with the ideal properties.

The longer the molecules (or the higher


the molecular weight) the higher the
entanglement forces

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Tensile Strength

Theories by Wool and others


more than 90% tensile strength
and other mechanical properties
are attained when the chain
reaches eight entanglement in
length

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Ductility
A higher molecular weight Increases how far the material can
stretch before rupturing (ductility)
The higher degree of entanglement allows the material to be
pulled further before the chains break

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Impact Resistant
A higher molecular weight Increases the impact resistance of
the material
The higher degree of entanglement means that in order to
rupture, more polymer bonds need to be broken, this means
that the polymer can absorb more energy before failing.

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Weather Resistant
A higher molecular weight increases the weather resistance of
the material
The chains are longer, so they can withstand more damage
before the mechanical properties will start to diminish

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Viscosity
A higher molecular weight Increases the viscosity of the
material makes it harder to process the material using
conventional methods
The longer the chains, the harder it is to get them to flow

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Chemical Resistant
A higher molecular weight Increases the chemical resistance
It takes more damage to the main chains of the molecules before
it will affect the strength of the material

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Charles Goodyear
discovers
Vulcanization
vulcanized rubber

Balls from rubbers tree

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
M. Polanyi analyzing crystal structure cellulose

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Paper publication related to polymerization

Large scale production of vinyl-chloride resins begin

Polystyrene is invented

Nylon is produced

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


Polyethylene is developed, high low density; packaging piping - toys

Ekonol for electronic devices and aircraft engines

Kevlar is developed

Polymer/plastic industries

We now use more polymeric materials


than any other materials

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Homework number 1

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Kimia polimer

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


NATURAL POLYMER
Produced from living organism and results from only raw materials that are found in
nature

Great attention for natural polymer, WHY?


BIOCOMPATIBLE
BIODEGRADABLE
CAN BE HYDROLYSED INTO REMOVABLE AND NON-TOXIC PRODUCTS

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Advantage vs disadvantages?

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THERMOPLASTIC vs THERMOSETTING

MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT