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# Name: . ( ) Form 5 S .

## SULIT CHONG HWA INDEPENDENT HIGH SCHOOL

4531/1
Physics
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2013
Paper 1
September PHYSICS
2013 Paper 1
1 hours
12/9/2013
8.00 a.m. 9.15 a.m.
1 hour and 15 minutes

## 4. Blacken only one space for each question.

5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the

6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

## _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________

Lim Fong Seng Tin Chee Yan Goh Ie Zhan Low Kok Yang Lim Fong Seng

## 4531/1 Copyright by Chong Hwa Independent High School

The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

1 16

2 17

rea e
3 18
a are e

4 ome m 19

5 20

21
6 e e er

7 ra a o a oe a e er 22 m

8 a oe a e er 23 ear ma a o

e er 24
9 o er
me
25
10

26 o er
11 re re

12 re re 27

13 ea 28

14 ea 29 e

15
o a

2
1 Which measurement is the shortest time interval?
A 8.96103 s B 8.96102 ms
3
C 8.9610 cs D 8.96105 ns

## 2 Diagram 1 shows the scale of a pair of Vernier callipers. What is value of l?

l

0 Main scale 1 cm

0 5 10
Vernier scale
Diagram 1

## 3 Diagram 2 shows a displacement-time graph of a moving truck on a straight road.

s (m)
80

t (s)
0 3 5
Diagram 2
Which of the following statements is correct about the motion of the truck?
A The truck moves at constant velocity from t = 0 s to t = 3 s.
B The truck moves at constant deceleration from t = 3 s to t = 5 s.
C The displacement of the truck during first 5 seconds is 200 m.
D The distance travelled by the truck during first 5 seconds is 200 m.

## 4 Diagram 3 shows a part of ticker tape produced by a moving trolley.

2.0 cm 10.0 cm
Diagram 3
What is the acceleration of the trolley?
A 50.0 ms2 B 50.0 ms2 C 4000 ms2 D 5000 ms2

5 A van collides with a car moving in the opposite direction. After the collision, both vehicles got stuck
and move together. Which of the following quantity does not conserved during the collision?
A Total energy B Total momentum
C Total kinetic energy D Total mass

6 When the brakes of a car of mass 1500 kg were applied, 600 kJ of heat were produced before the car
was brought to rest. What was the speed of the car before the brakes were applied?
A 0.89 ms1
B 1.26 ms1
C 28.3 ms1
D 63.2 ms1

3
7 Diagram 4 shows a water sprinkler system in a garden.

Diagram 4
This appliance functions applying
A the concept of inertia
B the effect of impulsive force and impulse
C the principle of conservation of energy
D the principle of conservation of momentum

8 Diagram 5 shows a 0.5 kg toy car being pulled by a 1 kg weight attached to a light string through a
smooth pulley.

Diagram 5
What is tension of the string?
A 2.5 N B 4.0 N C 4.5 N D 6.0 N

9 Diagram 6 shows the situation before and after some air has being drawn out from the glass tube.

Diagram 6
3
If the density of liquid P is 0.80 gcm , find the density of liquid Q.
A 0.67 gcm3 B 0.75 gcm3
C 0.80 gcm3 D 1.2 gcm3

## 10 Atmospheric pressure is affected by all of the following except

A density of air
B movement of air molecules
C temperature of air
D height from the surface of the Earth

4
11 Diagram 7 o e o o a a a ba be e .T e
jets of water are spurted out at equal speeds rom e a a ba .
This indicates that
A the pressure of water acts on the surface in all directions
B the pressure of water acts perpendicularly to the surface
C the pressure is transmitted equally throughout the water
D the force exerted is transmitted equally throughout the water
Diagram 7

## 12 Diagram 8 shows the Plimsoll line of a ship.

Diagram 8

The line T is the safety limit as a ship travel in tropical ocean condition. The volume of the ship below
line T is 80 m3. If the mass of the ship is 50 tonnes, what is maximum mass of load that can be carried
by the ship? Given the density of tropical water is 1000 kgm3.
A 30000 kg
B 50000 kg
C 75000 kg
D 80000 kg

13 Diagram 9 shows a banana kick performed by a football player. He kicks the football at S in such a
way that the football spins in an anticlockwise direction.

Q
P R

Air flow

Diagram 9
The pathway of the football will be
A towards Q
B towards R
C between P and Q
D between Q and R

5
t4 Which instnrmene belor are correctly classified to their workins princi
Working principle based on the heating Worting princrple based on the effect of
effect ofa current eledromamet
A Immersionheater Elechomaprretic relay
B Filament [,amo Movine-coil ammeter
C Transformer AmpIifi
D Eleqtric rrotor Electric Eenerator

## t5 The function of a firse is

A To prevent electric shock
B To preventtoo large a current from flowing ttrrough as it may cause fire
C To protmt electrie appliances from fluctuating voltages
D To lead extra higfu crrrent to the grormd

15 After a long journey, the air in a car tyre increases from l25 kPa to 135 kPa Before the longjourney,
the temperature ofth t1rre is 264C. Which expression sholvs the temperatrne ofthe air in the fyre after
the joumey?
r3:a_260c * .tq'-I="e -zaloc
A
125 "=tl-'uo"
135 ' t25 D tt25,:=2ee
135
-z.ofc
t7 Which modifications wiil increase the sensitivity of a thermometer?

A Using a longer capillary tube B Using a glass stern with a thinner wall
t Using a bulb with a thicker wall I) Using a capitlary tube of narrcwer bore

l8 How do the freezing point and the beiling point of water change when a little salt is added to the water?

## Freezinspoint Boiline Doint

A Increases Increases
B Decreases flecreases
C Increases Decreases
D Decreases Increases

19 The impurity atom that is doped into silicon to form the n-t1pe semiconductor is a
A monovalent atom B divalent atom C trivalent atom D pentavalent atom

## 2A Which li\$dd A, B, C or D can be used to make a liquid-in-glass thermometer to

measrre temperafires from - 50 oC to 50 0C ?

## f.isuid Freezine ooint I "C BoiltuE oointl t

A -l l5 78
B -39 357
C 0 100
D t7 118

6
-t

Diagram 10 belou, shows two identical steel balls, w&ich are at the same temlrcrature,
beiug lovrerd into liquid P md liquid Q. Li\$dd p ad liquid e haverhe .umi mass
and initial temperdma

LiquidP Liquid Q

Diegrrm 10
It is fomd that liquidP becemes hotter thmr liquid Q after i minffie. The diff,erence
intemperatme is &reto liquid P end liquid Q having differmt

## A specific late#heat of vaporization B qpecific latEntheat of fusion

C speeific heatcryacities Dboitingpoin*
XZ Table below shows fow differexil liquids that re boiling- The tiquids are ofthe same mass and are
hffited at tte same rde. The time taken for ar;h liquid to completely bail auray is givon in the table.
Whieh liquid hasfte laqgest specifrckt
ofvaporization?

## Time t'ken for tlre liquids to complstely boil awav

A 10 nninntes
B 12 minutes
C 14 minrmes
D 16 nfiirutffs

Diagram ll
shows the heating curve of a solid ofmass 1 kg heded by an electic immersion heater. The
electric immersion heder gffierafes hat at atr avsmgs rate of 30 J s l-

v1234
Masa {rnin}
Tinle (mtu)
Diagrrm 11
U/hat is the specific latent heat of fusion ofthe solid?

## a 3oo JkgI B 12ffi Jks,' c 24m J kdt I) 36{X} J kg-t

24 Diagram 12 shows two objects made ofthe same material fu thermat contact-

Diegrrm 12
Given that they are in &ermat equilihrium. Which of the following statweuts is
notcorrect?

## A The temperafine of X is equal to the temperdure of Y

B The quffitity ofheatinX isthe sme as in Y
C There is a flow ofkt frm X to Y and ftonn Y to X
I) The net rate of heat flow betrrmn X and Y is zero

z5 Ar air bub&le had a votrurne of Y when it was released &om a srbmarine d a dqEh of
90 m- What is ttre depth ra&en the volunne of the airbr\$ble has inc,reasd to 4V?

Airbubble

Submariil

Dis*pram ilf
A5.0m 810.0m CtS"Sm ID22.5m

26 Diagram 14 shows a graph ofpressrne agninstX for a gas that obeys the pressrxe law.

x
Diagfillr I{
Which ofthe foltowing is correct about the physical qumtity X?

x UoitforX
A Temoerature K
B Temoerature t
C Volnme mt
D lrlass ks
: \

## 27 Which of the following only produce virtual images?

A eonverging lenses and concave mirrors
B diverging lenses and concave mirrors
C converging lenses and convex mirrors
D diverging lenses and convex mirrors
28 Find the focal length of a lens that forms an inverted image the same size as the object when the
object is located 30 cm in front of the lens.
A 15cm B 30cm C 45cm D 60cm
29 The principle on which fiber optics is based is
A refraction B polarization
C dispersion D total intemal reflection

30 Diagram 15 shows the prism immersed in water (n*: 1.33), the minimum refractive index for the
prism that will produce total internal reflection of tle indicated ray is approximately
A 1.28
B 1.50
c 1.65
D 1.88

Diagram t5

## 31' What makes optical fibers immune to electromagnetic interference?

A They transmit signals in as light rather than electric current.
B They are too small for magnetic fields to inhoduce current in them.
C Magnetic fields eannot penetrate the glass of the fiber.
D They are readily shielded by outer conductors in cable.
32 If a carnera has a 50 mm focal length lens, how far is the iens from the film when focusing on
distant objects?
A 100 mm B 75mm C 50mm D 25mm
.--43 A refracting telescope has an objective lens with a focal lenglh of 6 m and the eyepiece has a
focal length of 80 mm. Its magnifuing power is
A -600x B -480x C -86x D -75x

34 You can hear people around a corner but you can't see them because light waves
A do not diffiact B tavel much faster than sound
C wavelength are much shorter than sound I) wavelength are mueh longer than sound
35 You can increase the number of nodal lines made by two light sources by increasing the
A distance to screen B wavelength
C separation between two sources D Intensity of light sources
36 The polarization of light shows that light is rnade of
A waves B longitudinal waves
C tansverse waves D electomagnetic radiation

9
-\

37 What is the spacing between two adjacent bright interference fringes when a pair of slits 0.1 mm
apart are illuminated by light of wavelength 500 nnu and the fringes are observed on a screen 2 m
behind the slits?
A 0.5 cm B 1.0 cm C 2.0 cm D 10.0 cm
38 Ina Young's double-slit experiment, the slit separation is doubled. To maintain the same fringe
spacing on the screen, the screen-to-slit distance D mustbe ohangedto
ADD B Dhn C D,lZ I' 2D

Diagram 16 shows a Saph of resistance, R , against lengtb" I , for three wires of same length but
different thicknesses. What is the relationship between x,y and,z?

Diagrm 16

## A r(y<z B x:!=z C x>.y>z Dy>x>z

40 Diagram 17 shows the electric field lines for a pair of charged particles, Qr and Q2. What are the
charges of Q1 and Q2 ?
Or o,
A Positive Nesative
Diagram 17 B Positive Positive
C Neeative Positive
D Nesative Neeative

4l Diagram 18 shows a circuit with forn identical bulbs. Which bulb, ulhen spoilt, will cause all the
three otherbulbs to be unable to light up?
AP BA CR DS

Diagram 18

42 Diagram 19 shows two idelrtical bulbs which are connected to an output of a transformer of 80%
efficiency. Both bulbs light up with normal brightness. What is the input power of the tansformer?

' A 24W
B 30W

,-'Til a
(
uY,lzw
24V, t2W
c
D
48W
60W

Diagram 19

10
43 Diagram 20 shows an electric circuit. When switch S is closed, what will happen to the ammeter and
Ammeter Voltueter
A Decreases Decreases
B lnsreases Decreases
C Decreases lncreases
D Increases fncreases
Diagrarn 20

44 Diagram 21 shows the pattern of magnetic field that is produced by two wires, P and Q, which carry
current. What are the directions ofthe current for P and Q?

@t@ A

B
a
o
a
o
Diagram 21 C
a o
D
o a
45 Diagram 22 shows a trace on a screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope. The Y-gain is 10 mVcm''. What
is the peak to peak potential difference?

1cm A 5mV
+-.>
A
cm
B l0 mV
\$r C 20 mV
D 40 mV
Ditagmm22

46 Diagram 23 shows a sorur signal that is displaced on the screen of the cathode ray oscilloscope
which is used to measure the depth of the sea. If the timebase of CRO is adjusted to 100 -s cdt,
calculate the depth of sea. I speed of the tace wave in the sea is 1200 ms-l ]

A m
240
B 480 m
r\ li
; \----J I Diagram 23
C 720 m
D 960 m
lffii I

11
47 Diagram 24 shows a circuit connected to the cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO Which tace would
).
appear oa the screen of the CRO ?

a.c, s.J0ply
fu*ele,' a.u.

Diagrala24

48 Diagram 25 shows a full wave rectified circuit. What is the fiHrction of the capacitor in the circuit?
A To store the output rectified curent

## I) To allow the rectified current to pass in one dire,ction

only.
Diagram 25

49 Diagram 26 shows a logic gate circuit. Which of ttre following truth tables represents ogtput R in the
circuit ?
A
B fFToTirl
I.----]-------]-:J
lololol
lolrlll
lrlrlrl
Diagram 26 TFTATN
lololrl
lolriol
lrlrlrl
50 Diagram 27 shows a switch tlrat switches on the beacon automatically when daylight fades. What
changes should be done so that the beacon is switched on during the daytime?

Diagran2T

## A Inverse the terminals of the battery

B Interchange R and LDR
C Replace the npn transistor with prp tansistor
D Replace a.c supply in the beacon circuit to d.c. supply

t2
Name: . ( ) Form 5 S .

## SULIT CHONG HWA INDEPENDENT HIGH SCHOOL

4531/2
Physics
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2013
Paper 2
September PHYSICS
2013 Paper 2
2 hours
12/9/2013
10.10 a.m. 12.40 p.m.
2 hours and 30 minutes

## DO NOT TURN OVER THIS PAPER UNTIL TOLD BY INVIGILATORS

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
Section Questions Marks Score
1. This question paper consists of three sections:
Section A, Section B and Section C. 1 4

A in the spaces provided in the question paper. 3 6
3. Answer one question from Section B and one question from 4 7
Section C. Write your answers for Section B and Section C on
the paper sheets provided by the invigilators. Answers should be A 5 8
clear and logical. You may use equations, diagrams, tables,
6 8
7 10
8 12
5. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale
9 20
unless stated.
B 10 20
6. If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.
Then write down the new answer. 11 20
C 12 20
7. A list of formulae is provided on page 2.
Total
8. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. However,
steps in calculation must be shown.

9. The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes and Section C is
30 minutes.

10. Attach all your answer sheets together and hand them in at the end of the examination.

## This question paper contains of 16 printed pages.

Set and Proof-read by: Approved by:

## _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________

Lim Fong Seng Tin Chee Yan Goh Ie Zhan Low Kok Yang Lim Fong Seng

## 4531/2 Copyright by Chong Hwa Independent High School

The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

1 16

2 17

rea e
3 18
a are e

4 ome m 19

5 20

21
6 e e er

7 ra a o a oe a e er 22 m

8 a oe a e er 23 ear ma a o

e er 24
9 o er
me
25
10

26 o er
11 re re

12 re re 27

13 ea 28

14 ea 29 e

15
o a
Section A
[60 marks]

## Answer all questions in this section.

1 Diagram 1 shows the first reading of a measuring instrument P taken by a student when he places a
beaker on the weighting pan. Then, he repeats the measurements to obtain another two readings.
Table 1 shows the results taken by the student.

Diagram 1

Mass (g) 61.8 62.6

Table 1

## (a) Name the measuring instrument P shown in Diagram 1.

_______________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) State the first reading shown by the instrument P shown in Diagram 1 and record it in Table 1.
[1 mark]
(c) Find the average mass of the beaker.

[1 mark]
(d) Why the student repeats the measurement three times and finds the average?

_______________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
3
n
Diagram 2 shows a transformer used in a mobile phone battery chmger. The mobile phone
batter5r clrarger requires 3V of direct curent to operatenorurally,

Diagram 2
Botlerg chorger 3 Vd.c
pf/rgp(iosbo,giSvo.l.

## (a ) Name the type of transformer used.

I l mark]
(b ) On Diagram 5,

[ 1 mmk]

## ( ii ) state the firpction oftlre four components used in box X.

I l mark]
(c ) Draw the trace of the wave that can be observed across the mobile phone battery charger.

I l mark]

(d ) Suggest one modification that needs to be done so tbat ttre cturent flowing through the
battery charges is more smooth.

I l mark]

4
Diagram 3 shows a transmitter sending a sound signal to determine the thickness of a layer of oil below
the gpound. Receiver X detects the sorxrd signal 0.4 s after tansmission" Reeeive, Y d,:tects the sormd
signal 1.2 s after transmission.

Reeeivcr x
Transmitter'

Earth layer

Oil layer

Rock layer

Diagram 3
(a) State the wave phenomenon which produces:
(i) the sienal A fi markl

## (ii) the sienal B ll markl

(b) The speed of sound inthe oil layer is 1500 m S-1. Calculate
(r) the total time forthe sound signal to tavel through the oil layer. Bmarksl

## (ii) thickness ofthe oil layer. B marksl

tl

Diagram 4.1 and Diagram 4.2 showthat a current is induced ina solenoid when there is relative
motion between the solenoid and a bar magnot, .- . -

## ( a) What is meant by induced cuuent?

I l mark]

(b ) Based on the direction of the current shown in Diagram 4.1 and Diagram 4.2:

[ 2 marks ]

## ( ii ) Label ( in box P and Q ) the direction of motion of the barmagnel

'!
[2marks]
magnet onthe polmity at the end of the solenoid.

[ 2 marks ]
r-\

5V

Diagram 5.1

buzzer
buztr
0v

## ( a) Name the devices labelledX and Y.

I l mark]
( b) Consfuct one tnrth table for an NAI.ID gate.

[ 2 marks ]

( c) Explain uihy the buzzer sorurds when the switoh is closed and light is shone on X .

[ 2 marks ]

(d ) In Diagram 5.2 , thebuzzqis replaced by dcvice Z to control the closiug of on exist door.

Diagram 52

(i) NamedeviceZ.

t l markl
( ii ) What is the advantage of using device Z to control the closing of the exit door ?

[ 2 marks ]
m
.[''
Dtagrm 6.1 shows an idealized submarine perlscope that cortsists of two parallel plane minors r\$dd
at 45 degrees to the vertical perimope axis and separated by a distanc e.*T-^' . --

Diagram 6.l

(a) On Diagram 6.2, complete the ray diagram to locate the image of the penguin given by the
periscope (the penguin represented by an arrow). p mmksf

H
I
-" (D.Istheirnagoroan\$y6.Birb :'offiislba*:w:vfuHd?Erylain. 12war*1
. I ._ :

(c) Is the image size lsss firan"'tlrs same or greater than the object size? Explain. [2tttwks]

Oerrno''ihd&b'ffth
onDiagram6.2. lzmarksl

*l I
,:.:

7 A hiker.kept some of his personal belongilgs in a potythene bag before his expedition as shown in
Diagram 7.1. After he had hiked around 1000 m,up a mountain,he ncticed some changes in the
polythene bag as shown inDiagram7.2,
':

Air pressure around th'e bag = 100 000 Pa Air pressure around the bag = 90 000 Pa

## Diagram 7.1 DiagramT.2

(a) (D Name the gas law that explains the observations in Diagram 7.1, andDiagramT.2.

[1 marlrl
(ii) State the quantity that is assumed to be constant in 7(a)(i)

,, [1 mark]
y
(b) BV using kinetic theory of gases, explain qolv.the air in the bag exerts pressure on the polyttrene bag.

[3 marks]
(c) The volume of air in the bag in Diagram 7.1 is 180 cm3. CAcUate the vohrme of air in the bag in
Diagpam7.2. .-....'.. [2 marks]

(d) Sketch a graph which shows the relationship between the pressure of the air and the volume of the
air in the polythene bag.

Pressure / Pa

Volurne / cm3

(e) While hiking, 0.05 kg of sweat was evaporated fromthe hiker's body. Calculate the quantity of heat
lost:from his body due to evaporation.
The latent heat of vaporisation of sweat is 2.3 x 106 J kg-I. [2 marks]

L,
i..i
r'.,

i,':

10
8 Diagram 8 shows two objects P and Q of the same dimensions 5 cm 5 cm 8 cm suspended in air.
The readings on the spring balance A and B are 15.6 N and 5.4 N respectively.

Diagram 8

[2 marks]

## (b) Compare the density of objects P and Q.

_______________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c) When objects P and Q are fully immersed in water, the readings on spring balances A and B
decrease.

(i) What causes the decrease in the readings of the spring balances?

____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) Compare the decrease in readings of spring balances A and B.

____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
(iv) Name the principle involved in (c) (iii).

____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

11
(d) Calculate the reading on spring balance A when object P is fully immersed in water. Given that
density of water is 1000 kgm3.

[2 marks]

(e) The object Q is taken out from water and then is fully immersed in an unknown liquid X. The
reading of spring B becomes two-third of the actual weight of the object Q. Calculate the density
of liquid X.

[2 marks]

12
Section B
[20 marks]

## Answer any one question from this section.

9 Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 show different springs P and Q behave when the same load is hanging
at rest from each spring.

Spring P Spring Q
Diagram 9.1 Diagram 9.2

Both springs P and Q are elastic. They are made of the same material and with the wires of the same
thickness.
(a) What is meant by elasticity?
[1 mark]
(b) Based on Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2, compare the diameters of coil of the springs, forces
exerted onto springs, the force constants of the springs and the extensions resulted in the springs.
Relate the force constant of a spring to the diameter of coil of the spring.
[5 marks]
(c) Explain briefly how elasticity is caused by forces that exist between particles in a solid when it is
in equilibrium, when it is stretched and when it is compressed.
[4 marks]
(d) Diagram 9.3 shows an innerspring mattress.

Spring coil
Comfort layer

Diagram 9.3

Using appropriate concepts in physics, suggest and explain suitable characteristics of the comfort
layer and springs used in the mattress to allow a heavy person sleeps more comfortable at night.
(i) material of the comfort layer
(ii) material of the spring coil
(iii) strength of the spring coil
(iv) thickness of the spring wire
(v) number of spring coils
[10 marks]
13
10 Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 show water waves and sound \Maves propagating towmds a reflector.

lncident wave

\$tfiB\$setch
\$afiWoa*

ObsErrrer
Fteflected wavs

## (a) (t) What is meant by reflected waves? ll markl

(ii) With reference to Diagtam 10.1 and Diagram 10.2, compare the incident and reflected angle,
frequency, speed and ditection of propagation of the reflected wave with the incident wave.
15 marlcsl

## (iii) State the principle of reflection of wavesl ll marlcl

(b) Discuss how you would use sound u/aves to determine the depth of the sea. 13 marksl

(c) You have been assigned as a consultant to assemble a speaker system and to imptove the acoustics
of a school hall. Using the appropriate physics conce,pts; explain how the speaker system must be
installed and what other modifications can be made that ean improve the aeoustics ln the hall. In
your explanation, elaborate on the following points:

## (iii) Power of the loud speakers. ll0 marksl

L4
-!

Section C
[20 marks]
)Answer any one questionfrom tl',i,r: .vv;iion .
,:

11 Diagram 11.1 shows that melting ice is used to preserve fish due to its ability to absorb large
amounts of latent heat. Diagr an 11 .2 shows that heat is released to food when steam condenses on
the food.

## (a) What is meant by speciJie latent heat ofvaporisation? [i marks]

(b) Sketch a temperature-time graph for the melting of ice. Justiff your graph by explaining
what takes place in the molecules during melting. [4 marks]
(c) Diagram 11.3 shows a food container used for keeping food warm. The container is able to
maintain the temperature of food for a long time. The container can be moved &om one
place to another

Diagram 11.3
Table 11.1 shows the characteristics of materials which can be used to make the food
container.
Table 11.1
Characteristics
Material
Density (kg rn') Melting point Specific heat Thermal
cc) capacity
oc-r)
conductivity
(J ks-l
A 27t0 650 910 Hish
B 910 27 1600 Low
C 1050 240 1300 Low
D 26A0 1200 670 Low
E 3800 2020 800 High

You are required to investigate the characteristics of the materials in Table 11.1 which can
be used to make the food container in Diagram 11.3. Explain the suitability of each
characteristics in Table 1 1.1. Select the most suitable material to be used in making food
container. Give reasons for your choice. [10 marks]

## (d) A kettle of water of mass 0.5 kg at 30 0C is heated.

(i) Calculate the amount of heat required to boil away the water in the kettle.
r oc-r,
[specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg
specific latent hiar of vaporization of water =2.26x 106 J kg-'l [4 marks]
(ii) State an assumption made in the calculation in (d)(i) [1 mark]
15
12 Diagram 12.1 shows a rheostat. The rheostat is a common device used in the laboratory.
brassrod slider crurent

currctrtout
arusF,elwt

currcnt in
Diagram 12.1
arus n asrlk

coil of wirc
lingfututtlawai
(a ) What is the function of the rheostat?
I I mark]
(b ) State one factor which affects the changes of the resistance in the rheostat.
I l mark]
(c ) Explainthe working principle ofthe rheostat.
[ 3 marks ]

## (d ) Diagram 12.2 shows an electric kettle usd for boiling water.

Table 12 shows the specifications of four wires of the same diameter that can be used as the
heating eleme,nt of an electric kettle.

Diagmlml2.2

## type Densitv/km" Meltine point/oC Rate of oxidation Resistivitv/Q.m

J 6500 7540 Hisfr 5.9 x 10-7
K 7000 8050 Hish 6.3 x 10-'
L 5000 8500 Low 7.2 x L0-l
M 2500 9000 Low 8.0 x 10-7

Table 12

You are required to determine the most suitable wire and e4plain the suitability of the
following aspects.

( i ) Dcnsity
( ii ) Melting point
( iii ) Rate of oxidation
( iv) Resistivity

## Give reasons for your choice.

I l0 marks ]

16
-:i ..:: .;r ilf_r,lgririF.ii:.:l!'i

(e ) Diagram 12.3 ahu/rs e saph of current egainst volpge for wlre A ard ryino B.
.t Y

VoltegeA/
Voltufi WinEA
WayarA

Diagram 12.3

n q 60 /trflnttrA

## (i ) naore tlrc wire which has a biggs,rdismster

It mark]
( ii ) ifthc resignca ofwirs A is Rl md resi@e of wire B is Rr , dctcrminc thc ratio of
Rr:Rz.
. t4marksl

U
Name: . ( ) Form 5 S .

## SULIT CHONG HWA INDEPENDENT HIGH SCHOOL

4531/3
Physics
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2013
Paper 3
September PHYSICS
2013 Paper 3
1 hours
12/9/2013
1.30 p.m. 3.00 p.m.
1 hour and 30 minutes

## DO NOT TURN OVER THIS PAPER UNTIL TOLD BY INVIGILATORS

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
Section Questions Marks Score
1. This question paper consists of two sections:
Section A and Section B. 1 16
A 2 12
Section A in the spaces provided in the question paper. 3 12
B 4 12
Section B on the paper sheets provided by the invigilators. A Total
Answers should be clear and logical. You may use equations,

5. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

6. If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer. Then write down the new answer.

7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. However, steps in calculation must be shown.

## _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________

Lim Fong Seng Tin Chee Yan Goh Ie Zhan Low Kok Yang Lim Fong Seng

Section A
[28 marks]

## Answer all questions in this section.

1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the pressure in water, P,
and the depth of the water, h. The difference in the levels of coloured liquid, , in the manometer
determines the pressure of the water.

## Diagram 1.1 shows the apparatus setup for this experiment.

Rubber tube
Half-metre rule

Manometer
Thistle funnel

Water h

Coloured liquid
Thin rubber sheet

Tall cylinder
Diagram 1.1

The student lowers a thistle funnel into the water at a depth of water, h = 5.0 cm as shown in Diagram 1.2
on page 3. The readings of the levels of coloured liquid in both arms of the manometer, y1 and y2, are
measured by using a half-metre rule. The difference in the levels of coloured liquid, , in the manometer
is calculated by using the following formula.
= y2 y1

The experiment is repeated with the depth of water, h = 10.0 cm, 15.0 cm, 20.0 cm and 25.0 cm. The
corresponding differences in the levels of coloured liquid measured are shown in Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5
and 1.6 on pages 3 and 4.

2
31 31 31

30 30 30

29 29 29

28 28 28
y2
27 27 27

26 26 26
y2
25 25 25

24 y2 24 24

23 23 23

22 22 22

21 21 21
y1
20 20 20

19 19 19
y1
18 18 18

17 17 17
y1
16 16 16

15 15 15

14 14 14

13 13 13

12 12 12

11 11 11

10 10 10
Diagram 1.2 Diagram 1.3 Diagram 1.4
h = 5.0 cm h = 10.0 cm h = 15.0 cm

## = ______________ = ______________ = ______________

3
31 31
y2
30 30

29 29
y2
28 28

27 27

26 26

25 25

24 24

23 23

22 22

21 21

20 20

19 19

18 18

17 17

16 16

15 y1 15

14 14

13 13
y1
12 12

11 11

10 10
Diagram 1.5 Diagram 1.6
h = 20.0 cm h = 25.0 cm

y1 = ______________ y1 = ______________

y2 = ______________ y2 = ______________

= ______________ = ______________ 4
(a) For the experiment described above, identify:
(i) The manipulated variable

____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

## (ii) The responding variable

____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

## (iii)The constant variable

____________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b) For this part of question, write your answers in the spaces provided in the corresponding diagrams.
Based on Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6:
(i) Record the readings, y1 and y2.
[2 marks]
(ii) Calculate for each diagram. Record the value of .
[2 marks]

(c) Tabulate your results for all values of h and in the space below.
[3 marks]

## (d) On a piece of graph paper, draw a graph of against h.

[5 marks]

(e) Based on your graph in 1 (d), state the relationship between against h.

_______________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

5
whenheated and its mass m, The shrdentuse the same immersionheater to heat up different masses of
liquid in a constmt time, The initial te.mperature, &, of the liquid whieh is constant and the frral
temperatrre, d, of the liquidafterbeiugheated are recorded.

The result of the experiment is shown in a graph of gagainst It' shown in Figure 2-l
(a) The initiat temperahrre, &, of the liquid can be dt'mind form the interwpt ofthe &a:ris. Show on
the graph how you determine h ndunite them down-

0b: [2 marks]

## O) State the relationship between 0atdm.

[1 mak]

(c) The specific heat capacity, c, ofthe tiquid is given by the equation:

4.5 xl04
c-
k
Where k is the gradient of the gmph-

(, Calculate the gradient of the graph d against I - Sho* oo the [paph how you detennine the
m

'tt----)

(O Catcutate tt"
"uf* oian" specific U"ut capacity, c, of theliqgid- [3 marls]

(d) Determine th mass, nr, of the Med liquid if th final tmperdre, 4 is 30 oC- Show on the gr4ph
hor*' you daerminc fte value ofm- F mdrs]

6
Section B:

## Answer *, oo[Hf#frl'- this section

Diagrarn 3.1 and Diagram 3.2 show a teacher is using a slide projector, Diagrarn 3.1 shows the
position of the screen displaying a sharp image when the lens of projector is tum in direction
anticloclanise, moving it towards ttre slide.

Diagram 3.2 shows the position of the screen which displays a sharp image when the lens of
flrn in clockwise, moving it away from the slide.
projector
Proiector
lens

Diaeram 3.X -)

Slide
Diaeram 3'2
proJector
Based onthe information and observation:
(a l
State one suitable inference. fl mmlfl '-=t

## (b ) State one suitable inference. ll marlcl

(c ) ril/ith the use of apparatus such as a convex lens and other apparafus, describe one experiment
to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3O). In your description, stat clearly the following:

## (i ) The aim of the experiment.

(ii ) Thevariablesintheexperiment.
( iii ) The list of apparatus and materials.
( iv ) The arrangement ofthe apparatus.
(v) The procedure used in the experiment. Describe how to control the manipulated
variable and how to measure the responding variable.
(vi ) The wayto tabulatethe data.
(vii ) The wayto analyse the data.

I l0 marks ]

8
,4

u
n
n
Diagram 4.1 Diagram4.2

Diagram 4.1 shows an electic motor lifting a load of l0 kg. The power supply is switched on and
the crurent supply to the motor is set to minimum. The motor takes 5.0 seconds to lift the load up to
the top of a building.

Diagram 4.2 shows the same elecrric motor with the current supply set to ma:rimum. It is found the
motor takes only 2.0 seconds to lift the same load to the top of the same building.
il
(a ) State one suitable inference.
Ilmark]
(b ) State one suitable hypothesis
I mark ]

(c ) With the use of apparatus such as a d.c power supply, magnet, C-shaped iron yoke, bare
cop. per wire, connecting wire and other suitable apparatus, describe an experiment to
investigate the hypothesis sta:ted in 4 ( b ).

## (i ) The aim ofthe experiment.

( )
ii ThEvariables inthe experiment.
)
( iii ) The list of apparatus and materials.

## ( iv ) The arrangement of the apparatus.

(v ) The procedure of the experiment which include one method of controlling the
manipulated variable and one method of measruing the responding variable.

## ( vii ) The way to analyse the data

I l0 marks ]
SPM TRIAL 2013 PHYSICS
Paper 1
1 B 6 C 11 C 16 C 21 C 26 A 31 A 36 C 41 A 46 B
2 B 7 D 12 A 17 D 22 D 27 D 32 C 37 B 42 B 47 D
3 A 8 D 13 C 18 D 23 D 28 A 33 D 38 D 43 B 48 C
4 B 9 A 14 A 19 D 24 B 29 D 34 C 39 C 44 D 49 C
5 C 10 B 15 B 20 A 25 C 30 D 35 C 40 A 45 D 50 B

Paper 2 Section A
1 (a) Triple beam balance
(b) 62.3 g (Fill in Table 1.1)
(c) 62.4 61.8 62.6
Average mass 62.3 g
3
(d) To improve the accuracy of measurements. / To reduce random errors.

## 2 (a) Step-down transformer

w
(b) (i) (c)
V (V)

(d)
Lo
(ii) To convert alternating current into direct current.
Connect a capacitor parallel to the battery charger.
t (s)

## 3 (a) (i) Reflection of sound

(ii) Refraction of sound
n
(b) (i) t 1.2 0.4 0.8 s
(ii) vt 1500 0.8
d 600 m
2 2
so

4 (a) Induced current is the current produced by cutting of magnetic flux by a conductor.
(b) (i) Box X: N Box Y: S
(ii) Box P: Box Q:
(c) When the bar magnet is moved towards the solenoid, the end of the solenoid facing the
bar magnet has the same polarity as the bar magnet.
Ja

When the bar magnet is moved away from the solenoid, the end of the solenoid facing
the bar magnet has the opposite polarity as the bar magnet.

## 5 (a) X: Light-dependent resistor (LDR) Y: Rheostat

(b) Input Output
A B
0 0 1
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 0
(c) When the switch is closed, input B is low. When the light is shone on X, the resistance
of X becomes low, so the input A is low. Since both inputs A and B are low, the output
of NAND gate is high, allowing current flows through the buzzer, therefore buzzer
sounds.
(d) (i) Relay switch
(ii) Use a small current in the switch circuit to control a big current in the door circuit.
1
6 (a)

mirror M1

## A"B" Second image formed by

B'
mirror M2

w
1
B

2
M1 2

Lo A"
n
3 B"
3
4
4
so

M2

(b) Virtual image. The image cannot form on a screen. / The image formed behind the
mirror.
(c) Same size. The linear magnification of a plane mirror always is 1. / The image formed
Ja

## by a plane mirror is always has the same size as object.

(d) The final image is at distance (D + L) from the mirror M.
Show the first image AB on Diagram 6.2.

2
7 (a) (i) Boyles law
(ii) Temperature of gas
(b) The air molecules move randomly and collide with the walls of the bag. The air
molecules rebound back elastically and experience a change in momentum. A force is
exerted onto the walls of bag per unit of area of the walls, exerting a pressure on the
bag.
(c) P1V1 P2V2
100000 180 90000 V2
V2 200 cm 3
(d) Pressure / Pa

w
Volume / cm3
(e) Q mlv 0.05 2.3 10 6 115000 J

8 (a)

Tension
Lo
n
Weight
(b) The density of object P is denser than that of object Q.
so

## (c) (i) Buoyant force

(ii) The decrease in readings of spring balances A and B are the same.
(iii) The volumes of water displaced are the same since the volumes of objects P and Q are
the same. The weights of water displaced by both objects are the same, thus the
buoyant forces acted on both objects are the same.
(iv) Archimedes principle
Ja

(d) V 5 5 8 200 cm 3
Buoyant force Vg 200 10 6 1000 10 2 N
Reading on spring balance = 15.6 2 = 13.6 N
(e) 1
Buoyant force V X g 5.4 1.8 N
3
B 1.8
X 900 kgm 3
Vg 200 10 6 10

3
Paper 2 Section B

9 (a) Elasticity is the property of a matter that enables an object to return to its original size
and shape after an applied external force is removed. (1%)

(b) The diameter of coil of the spring P is smaller than that of the spring Q. (1%)
The forces exerted onto springs P and Q are the same. (1%)
The force constant of the spring P is bigger than that of the spring Q. (1%)
The extension resulted in the spring P is shorter than that of the spring Q. (1%)
The smaller the diameter of coil of a spring, the bigger the force constant is it. (1%)

(c) When a solid is in equilibrium, the particles in a solid are separated by a distance
called the equilibrium separation distance, r0. (1%)
The attractive forces balance with the repulsive forces, therefore the resultant force
acting on the particles is zero. (1%)
When a solid is stretched (r > r0), the attractive forces become greater than the

w
repulsive forces to bring the particles back to their original equilibrium positions once
the applied external force is removed. (1%)
When a solid is compressed (r < r0), the repulsive forces become greater than the
attractive forces to bring the particles back to their original equilibrium positions once
the applied external force is removed. (1%)

(d)
(i)

(ii)
Characteristics LoExplanation
Comfort layer is made of soft It relieves the pressure of a heavy person and able
material (1%) to sleep comfortably without back pain. (1%)

Spring coil is made of steel It is stiffer and able to support the weight of a
(1%) heavy person without too much sagging. (1%)
n
(iii) Spring is strong (1%) It will not break easily as a heavy person lying
down on the mattress. (1%)
so

(iv) Spring wire is thick (1%) It is stiff and does not compressed too much as a
heavy person lying down on the mattress. (1%)

(v) Number of spring coils is big They are able to support the weight of the person
(1%) as he changing his sleeping posture. (1%)
Ja

4
Paper 2 Section B

10 (a) (i) Reflected waves that propagate after the incident waves collide with a barrier or an
obstacle. (1%)

(ii) Reflected angle is equal to the incident angle in both Diagrams 10.1 and 10.2. (1%)
Wavelength remains unchanged after reflection in both Diagrams 10.1 and 10.2. (1%)
Frequency remains unchanged after reflection in both Diagrams 10.1 and 10.2. (1%)
Speed remains unchanged after reflection in both Diagrams 10.1 and 10.2. (1%)
The direction of the propagation changes after reflection in both Diagrams 10.1 and
10.2. (1%)

## (iii) Reflected angle is equal to the incident angle. (1%)

(Incident wave, reflected wave and normal all lie in the same plane.)

(b) Ultrasounds are transmitted by a transmitter from a ship towards to the bottom of the

w
sea and then are reflected from the seabed. (1%)
The reflected ultrasounds are received by a receiver from the ship and the time taken, t,
for ultrasounds travel in one-round trip is measured. (1%)
vt
The depth of sea from the ship to the seabed, d, is calculated as follows: d where

(c) (i)
Lo
v is the speed of ultrasounds in sea water. (1%)
2

The loudspeakers are positioned far from each other so that the distance between two
consecutive loud sounds due to constructive interference is smaller. (2%)

The two main loudspeakers are not positioned opposite to each other so that to prevent
multiple reflections creating unwanted echoes. (2%)
n
(ii) The walls of the hall are installed with soft boards which are good absorbers of sounds
so that the reflection of sounds from the wall is reduced. (2%)
so

The floor is placed with thick carpets because carpets are soft and rough surfaces so
that the reflection of sounds from the floor is reduced. (2%)

(iii) The power of loudspeakers is high so that can produce louder sounds to allow the
audience at the back of the hall able to listen clearer. (2%)
Ja

5
Paper 2 Section C

11 (a) Specific latent heat of vaporisation is the amount of heat needed to change 1 kg
substance from liquid state into gaseous state without a change in temperature. (1%)

## (b) Temperature (C)

0
Time (s)

(1%)
During melting, although the heat is absorbed by the ice but the temperature remains

w
unchanged. (1%)
The heat absorbed does not used to increase the kinetic energy of ice molecules. (1%)
Instead, it is absorbed to overcome the forces of attraction between the ice molecules.
(1%)

(c) Characteristic
Low density (1%)

## High melting point (1%)

Lo Explanation
So that the food container is lighter and easily to be
carried around. (1%)
So that the food container will not melt easily as the hot
food is stored in it. (1%)

## Large specific heat So that the temperature of the container increases

capacity (1%) slightly after absorbing the heat from the hot food. (1%)
n
Low thermal conductivity So the heat is not lost easily to the surroundings, thus
(1%) allow the food keeps warm for a longer time. (1%)
so

Material C (1%) is the most suitable because it has low density, high melting point,
large specific heat capacity and low thermal conductivity. (1%)

(d) (i) Q mc
Ja

Q mlv

## Q 0.5 2.26 105 1130000 J (1%)

Total heat 147000 J 1130000 J
Total heat 1277000 J 1.277 10 6 J (1%)

## (ii) No heat loss to the surroundings. (1%)

6
Paper 2 Section C

## 12 (a) To control electric current (1%)

(To control resistance of wire)

## (b) Length of wire (1%)

(c) Electric current flows from terminal A to terminal B through the slider. (1%)
The slider is moved to change the length wire and hence to change the resistance of
wire. (1%)
The resistance of wire is directly proportional to the length of wire. (1%)
(The longer the wire, the bigger the resistance of the wire.)

## (d) Specification Explanation

Low density (1%) So the heating element is lighter and does not contribute
much in the mass of the kettle. (1%)

w
High melting point (1%) So that heating element will not melt easily at high
temperature. (1%)

(1%)

## High resistivity (1%)

Lo So that the heating element is not corroded easily and
can be used for a longer time. (1%)

## So the heating element produces more heat energy since

resistance of wire is directly proportional to the
resistivity. (1%)
n
Wire M (1%) is the most suitable because it has low density, high melting point, low
rate of oxidation and high resistivity. (1%)
so

## (e) (i) Wire B (1%)

*Under the same voltage 6 V, electric current passing through wire B is bigger shows
the resistance of wire B is smaller, therefore wire B has a bigger diameter.

(ii) R1 : R2
Ja

V V
1: 2
I1 I 2
6V 6V

20 mA 60 mA
R1 : R2 3 : 1

7
Paper 3 Section A

## 1 (a) (i) Depth of water, h

(ii) Pressure of water, P
(iii) Density of water,
(b) Write the answers in the boxes given in each diagram.
The number of decimal places of readings follows the sensitivity of the measuring
instrument and units must be given.
Diagram 1.2: y1 = 20.3 cm y2 = 23.8 cm = 3.5 cm
Diagram 1.3: y1 = 18.3 cm y2 = 25.5 cm = 7.2 cm
Diagram 1.4: y1 = 16.4 cm y2 = 27.4 cm = 11.0 cm
Diagram 1.5: y1 = 14.8 cm y2 = 28.7 cm = 13.9 cm
Diagram 1.6: y1 = 12.4 cm y2 = 30.2 cm = 17.8 cm
(c) h (cm) (cm)
5.0 3.5
10.0 7.2

w
15.0 11.0
20.0 13.9
25.0 17.8

## (e) is directly proportional to h.

2 (a)

(b)
increases linearly with
1
m
Lo
Extrapolate the straight line on graph.
0 = 22.3 C
.
(c) (i) Must draw a big triangle.
Minimum size of the triangle is 10 cm 8 cm. Label the coordinates of two points.
(28.5 23.3) C
n
1 (0.6 0.1) kg 1

m
so

## *Always check the unit of gradient, if any.

(ii) 4.5 10 4 4.5 10 4
c 4327 Jkg 1 C 1 .
k 10.4
(d) Must show the vertical line corresponding to at 30 C.
1
0.75 kg 1
m
Ja

1
m 1.33 kg
0.75 kg 1

8
Section A Question 1 (d)
1) Must label the symbols and corresponding units on both axes.
2) Must use even scales for every 2 cm. Avoid using 2 cm: 3 units, 2 cm: 6 units and so on.
3) Size of graph at least more than 50% of graph paper.
This does not mean that you can draw the graph as bigger as you can by using odd scales.
4) Transfer all the data points correctly.
5) Draw a straight line of best fit using a 30.0 cm transparent ruler. If the points do not lie perfectly on
the line, ensure that the points are positioned above and below the line almost equally.
Graph of against h

(cm)

w
18

16

14
Lo Axes (1%)
Scale (1%)
Size (1%)
Points (1%)
12
n
Line (1%)
so

10

8
Ja

0
5 10 15 20 25 h (cm)
9
Paper 3 Section B
3 (a) The image distance depends on the object distance. (1%)

(b) The shorter the object distance, the longer is the image distance. (1%)

(c) (i) Aim: To investigate the relationship between the object distance and the image
distance for a convex lens. (1%)

## (ii) Manipulated variable : Object distance, u

Responding variable : Image distance, v (1%)
Constant variable : Focal length of convex lens, f (1%)

## (iii) Apparatus and materials: (1%)

Convex lens with focal length of 10 cm, an arrow drawn on transparent slide acting
as object, light box with a light bulb, power supply, lens holder, screen, metre rule.

w
(iv) Arrangement of apparatus: (1%)
To power supply
Convex lens
Image
Light bulb Object

u
Lo Lens holder

v
Screen
n
(v) Procedure:
1) The apparatus is set up as shown in diagram above.
2) The object distance is adjusted at u = 15.0 cm using metre rule. (1%)
so

3) The light bulb is switched on and the screen is moved back and forth until a sharp
image is formed on the screen. The image distance, v, is measured using metre rule.
(1%)
4) The experiment is repeated with different object distances, u = 20.0 cm, 25.0 cm,
30.0 cm, 35.0 cm and 40.0 cm. (1%) *Repeat experiment at least 4 times.
Ja

u (cm) v (cm)
15.0
20.0
25.0
30.0
35.0

## (vii) Plot a graph of v against u

v (cm)

0 u (cm)

10
Paper 3 Section B
4 (a) The time taken to lift the load up to the top of a building depends on the current. (1%)

(b) The bigger the current flow, the bigger the force. (1%)

(c) (i) Aim: To investigate the relationship between the electric current flowing in a
conductor and the force acting on it. (1%)

## (ii) Manipulated variable : Electric current, I

Responding variable : Force acting on sliding copper wire, F (1%)
Force is represented by the distance moved the sliding copper wire.
Constant variable : Strength of magnet / Length of sliding copper wire (1%)

## (iii) Apparatus and materials: (1%)

d.c. power supply, magnets, C-shaped iron yoke, magnets, bare copper wire,
connecting wires, sliding copper wire, ammeter, rheostat, ruler, switch.

w
(iv) Arrangement of apparatus: (1%)
C-shaped iron yoke

Magnets
Lo
Switch

## Bare copper wire Rheostat

A
d.c. power supply

## Sliding copper wire

n
(v) Procedure:
1) The apparatus is set up as shown in diagram above.
2) The switch is closed, the current is set at I = 0.5 A by adjusted the rheostat. (1%)
so

3) The switch is open and the sliding copper wire is placed between two magnets.
Then the switch is closed again, the distance moved by the sliding wire, d, is
measured using ruler. (1%)
4) The experiment is repeated with different electric currents, I = 1.0 A, 1.5 A, 2.0 A,
2.5 A and 3.0 A. (1%) *Repeat experiment at least 4 times.
Ja

I (A) d (cm)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5

d (cm)

0 I (A)
(1%)
11