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The English language is di ided into three periods: Old English (OE, English (ME, from 1066 to about the 1400s) and Modern English (Mal between them? You can see the difference by looking at a text in each version. Old English Middle English Uren Fader at art in heofaas Our Fadir that art in heuenes Early Modern English Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. also called Anglo-Saxon, from the 400s through .E, from the late 1400s onward). What is the difference Late Modern English rough 1066), Middle (Our father who are in heaven, Sic gchalsed pin noma Halewid be thi name . To cymes pi rie Thi Kingdom comme to m Se Si Faw ‘selaiiaeimadons ie done asinheuen Oy earth as itis in heaven. On earth as it is in heaven. Uren blaf ofer wirbe sel us vo Gyve to usthis dai oure breed Give us this day our dayly Give us this day our daily mates bread, read dees Aeon detis Ad forgyve us our trespasses, And forgive us our sins, And forgefus scylda urna ve pad ‘von to oure Even as we forgyve those who Even as we forgive those who Sue we forgefan sculdgun urum comes trespass against us. sin against us. ‘And no inleade ueich in costung 4 4 Je0de us not in to ‘And lead us not into Lead us not into tempt ‘Als geffig urich fro ifle ceaeacloi, temptation ; But deliver us from evil But delivere us from evil But delyvere us fro yvel “The firs difference you will note is that Old English has different letters. Many of these letters do not appear in Modern English. “Thora (p or b) represents a th- sound-uisually at the front of words. The sound it represents is like that in the modern words cloth and thin, The letter “edh” (or “eth”) 8 usually appears at the end or middle of words, and it represents a sound like that in the modern word clothes and then. A capital edh is written as a crossed-d (D). Other Anglo-Saxon letters include the letter "ash" (2), which stands for a nasal /-a/ sound; the runic letter *wynn’ (p), which stands for a /-w/ sound; and the letter yogh (), which stands for a ‘gurgling /g-/ sound in the back of the throat that we no longer use in modem English. Other differences are that Old English does not require a specific word order, at least not the way Middle and Modem English do. Instead, OE uses declensions (little endings stuck on the end of nouns) to show what each word is doing In the sentence. Middle English is much closer to Modern English. Spelling has not yet been formalized in a systematic way, and many Latinate terms such as "substance* (Latin substantia) and "templation’ (Latin temptatio) have entered English through intermediary French influences under the Norman conquerors in 1066. The Early Modern English of Shakespeare's day still retains a distinction between thov/you, thy/your, thinelyours, which will be lost in Late Modern English, and it still retains some variation, though not so much as Middle English. Shakespeare's alphabet in the Early Modern period is practically identical to ours--including the letters *J* ™ However, Shakespearean English or Early Modern English doesn't yet have identical punctuation conventions to ours. 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