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Bridge Maintenance in

Tokyo Metropolitan
Expressway

June 14th, 2016


Self Introduction
Mitsuhiro NARISAWA m.narisawa1310@shutoko.jp

Career
2000 to present: Metropolitan Expressway Company Limited, Tokyo

Qualification
Professional engineer in Civil Engineering, Japan
Master of Engineering, Kyoto university, Japan, 2000
Master of Science, University of Florida, the U.S., 2011

Professional Field
Evaluate Damage and Establish Counter measure for Bridge Maintenance
Construction Planning and Structural Design for Bridge Section

Projects
Metropolitan Expressway No.10 Harumi Line
Widening of Bay Shore Line (a Viaduct and Earth Work Section)
Seismic Reinforcement of Long-Span Bridges

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Contents

I. Current Situation of Metropolitan Expressway


Network and History of Development
Background of Maintenance

II. Bridge Maintenance


Basic Maintenance Cycle
Inspection and Ranking(Evaluation)
Actions (Repair & Reinforcement)
Database System
Large Scaled Renovation and Repair Works

III. Developing Technology


DRIMS
Infra-doctor
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1. Current Situation
of Metropolitan Expressway

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I. Current Situation of Metropolitan Expressway
(1) Network of Metropolitan Expressway
in service 310.7km
under construction 18.9km
Total 329.6km

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I. Current Situation of Metropolitan Expressway

(2) History of Development Traffic congestion in Tokyo in the 1950s

Metropolitan Expressway Public Corporation


established in 1959 before the Tokyo Olympic 1964
Collected Toll
Traffic Congestion 2.5 Billion USD/ Year
in Central Tokyo in 1950s

Length beyond 300km

Traffic volume
1 Million Vhe./day

1962
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I. Current Situation of Metropolitan Expressway
(3) Background of Maintenance

Year in
service
10.6%
(32.8km)
10% 50 yrs
50 year
24.1%
(75km)
56% 30 yrs
40 year

21.0%
(65.4km)

30 year

24.0%
(74.6km)

20 year
11.4%
10 year (35.5km) National Expwy
Total Length 8.8%
= 310.7 km Open (27.4km)

(As of April 2015)

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I. Current Situation of Metropolitan Expressway
(3) Background of Maintenance
Aging

High
Large
Structural
Vehicle
Ratio

Background of Maintenance

Maintenance Cycle
Inspection
Repair & Reinforcement
Asset Management
Future Plan
Development of Technology
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2. Bridge Maintenance

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II. Bridge Maintenance 1. Basic Maintenance Cycle

Basic Maintenance Cycle


Inspection, Ranking(Evaluation), and Action(maintenance activities) followed by plan
with considering the priority and cost optimization should be systematically conducted.

Also, the all results of the inspection and the action need to be stored in Database system.

Inspection Result Action


Inspection Rank A
Immediate Repair
Plan (Serious Damage)
Rank B Repair or Preventative
(Damage) Measures
Inspection Rank C
Work (Minor Damage) No Repair
(Follow-up Monitoring)
Rank D
(No Damage)

Output: Previous inspection Input: Inspection result Input: Action


result and action
Database for Maintenance Work (MEMTIS)

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II. Bridge Maintenance 2. Inspection and Rating

Inspection Work
Daily Inspection Periodic Inspection Emergency Inspection
(Visual Inspection) (Close Inspection, every 5years)

Visual, sound, feeling check Close watching and tapping


by patrol car 2-3 times/week structures on scaffold

Performed in case of earthquakes,


fire accident etc.

Detailed inspection conducted , such


as non-destructive test if necessary

Visual inspection under Close watching and tapping by


viaducts 1-2 times/year means of a lift car

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II. Bridge Maintenance 2. Inspection and Rating
Damage Ranking (Evaluation) ref. Road Inspection Guideline by Metropolitan Expwy
Rank A Serious Damage
Very Immediate Repair Required
Damage which is harmful to the whole structure.
Immediate Repair Required
Damage potentially harmful to other persons/objects.
Rank B Damage
Repair Required
Comparatively serious damage. Preventive maintenance must be completed
within a year.
Preventive Maintenance Required
Moderate damage requiring preventive maintenance, which must completed
within five years.
Preventive Maintenance or Follow-up Monitoring Required
Comparatively minor damage. Preventive maintenance can be required under
some conditions.
Minor Damage
Rank C
Follow-up monitoring is required.
No Damage
Rank D
Inspection record keeping is required.

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II. Bridge Maintenance 2. Inspection and Rating
Ranking(Evaluation) Example
Rank A0 Very Immediate Repair Required (Serious damage to the Main Structure)

cracks in a concrete pierhorizontal beam

Rank A1 Immediate Repair Required (damage potentially harmful to other persons)

The paint removal at steel decks Concrete scaling at a bridge wall


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II. Bridge Maintenance 2. Inspection and Rating
Ranking(Evaluation) Example
Rank B0 Repair required (Comparatively serious damage)

crack in PC where steel for PC is attached Bared sheath tube the underside of a box girder

Rank B1 Preventive measure required (Moderate damage)

Corrosion and rust development at a bearing support A crack in a deck in a honeycomb pattern
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II. Bridge Maintenance 2. Inspection and Rating

Cultivation of Qualified Engineers for Inspection Works

Inspection Engineer Certificate Regulation(Since 2001)


- Seminar and Certifying Examination
- On site examination
- Expired in three years
Category Status Years of
Seminar for certification
Inspection Experience
Site Inspection Chief Inspector 3
Inspector -
Damage Chief Inspector 5
Evaluation Inspector 3
Total approx. 1,500 inspectors have this certification
( as of 2015) Site Examination
Approx. 700 for civil structures
Approx. 100 for ventilation structures
Approx. 200 for mechanical facilities
Approx. 500 for electric facilities License

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II. Bridge Maintenance 3. Action to damage

Example of Repair (Road Surface)


Pavement (Rutting and Cracking)

Re-pavement
Expansion Joint

Rubber Joint Steel Joint

Replacement of joint
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II. Bridge Maintenance 3. Action to damage

Example of Repair (Reinforced Concrete)

Concrete spalling & Exposed Rebar

Break-out of
damaged parts

Scrape Rust off


Rebar

Anti-rust
Patch repair Treatment of
Rebar

Primer

Repair Mortar

Sheet for
Anti-Spalling
Anti-spalling sheet
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II. Bridge Maintenance 3. Action to damage

Example of Repair (Steel Structure)


Corrosion
-Paint deterioration -Repaint
Fatigue Crack

Web
Main
Girder Web
Cross
Crack Beam

Hole -Installing Reinforcing steel


Finishing (Permanent Measure)
Cut

Hole

-Stop Hole(Emergency Measure)


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II. Bridge Maintenance 3. Action to damage

Reinforcement of Concrete Slab

CFRP Sheet (Grid Type) Anti-spalling Sheet


-Improvement of punching shear capacity, flexural -Preventing 3rd Party Property damage
capacity, and fatigue durability -Prevent carbonation

Slab

Load

Stress Stress

Rebar
Crack opened

CFRP sheet

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II. Bridge Maintenance 4. Database System

Database system, which carries out package management of huge


information, including a various structures and facilities, inspection,
repair history etc, support maintenance cycle.

Information
Inventory on Structures Record Drawing
Inspection Plan Data System Management System
Basic Information
(Amount/Shape/Material)

Basic Data Basic Data

MEMTIS Repair
Repair
Inspection Result
Data System
Data System
Inspection Results Inspection Result Repair Result
(Ranking/ Judgment) (Repair Required)

Inspection Result

Inspection Repair Plan Repair Work

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II. Bridge Maintenance 4. Database System

MEMTIS Metropolitan Expressway Maintenance Technical Information System


Select a ledger

Selected data display

Select
Route Selected Data Display
(photograph)

Unit of management level


Superstructure span
Substructure pier
At-grade road 50 m.
Damage every single damage Display specified sheet data
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II. Bridge Maintenance 4. Database System
MEMTIS Inspection Data base
-Record of inspection data and location of damages

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II. Bridge Maintenance 4. Database System
MEMTIS Inspection Data base
-Record of inspection data and location of damages

photo sheet
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II. Bridge Maintenance 4. Database System
MEMTIS
Utilization of Data

Download
Excel data

Damage evaluation

Repair work plan

Cost estimation

Required budget
Damage Color Map (by different sub-system)
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II. Bridge Maintenance 5. Large Scaled Renovation & Repair

Overall Plan
Type Route Target part Length Project cost

Pier Section of Higashi-


Shinagawa &
Route 1 Takebashi -Edobashi
Reclamation Area of
Haneda Samezu
Line Kosoku Daishi
Bridge
Route 3
Large Ikejiri
Shibuya Approx.
scaled Sangenjaya 380 billion yen
Line 8km
renovation Takegashi Ikejiri -
Sangenjaya
Edobashi
Inner Nihonbashi Ginza - Kyobashi
Circular Section) Higashi
Sninagawa -
Route Ginza Kyobashi Samezu Kosoku Daishi Bridge
(Tsukijigawa
Section)
Large
scaled Route 3 (Shibuya Line), Approx.
250 billion yen
repair Route 4 (Shinjuku Line), etc. 55km
works
Large scaled renovation (8km)
Large scaled repair-works (55km)
Total 630 billion yen

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II. Bridge Maintenance 5. Large Scaled Renovation & Repair

Large Scaled Repair Works

Reinforcement of Slab

Steel slab Concrete slab


Pavement
SFRC
(Steel Fiber Reinforced
Concrete)
Steel slab

2 Reinforcement with Reinforcement with


SFRC carbon fiber

Reinforcement of Girder Reinforcement of Pier

Steel girder Concrete girder Steel pier Concrete pier

Reinforcement of Reinforcement
corner part with covering
Reinforcement of Reinforcement with
fatigue damage part covering

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II. Bridge Maintenance 5. Large Scaled Renovation & Repair

Ex of Large-scale Renovation Works Higashi Shinagawa Pier Section (In use since 1963)

Higashi Shinagawa
(Route 1:
Haneda Line)

Higashi Shinagawa
Pier Section of

Current state

After renovation

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3. Developing Technology

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. Developing Technology DRIMS

A simple and inexpensive Road monitoring system


cost quantitatively
time-consuming
high not quantitatively
Road profiler
Visual Check

DRIMS
quantitatively
low real time
accuracy
low high

Bridge & Structure Laboratory , Department of Civil engineering , The University of Tokyo 2012 28
. Developing Technology DRIMS

Dynamic Response Intelligent Monitoring System


Road monitoring system
constant speed vertical
acceleration
response
road pavement
IRI
(International Roughness Index)
Proposed by World Bank in 1986.

Lap top GPS


Quantitative measure of the
comfort of ride in the vehicle
Employed in road projects for quality
Accelerometer evaluation
Possible inputs for asset management
& budget planning

Bridge & Structure Laboratory , Department of Civil engineering , The University of Tokyo 2012 29
. Developing Technology DRIMS

System configuration On-vehicle Sensor Model

Compact
Inexpensive
Battery-operated
Easy installation
GPS
- only inside vehicle
- no vehicle customization Accelerometer
iPhone Model [under development]

for Movie
Analysis software for IRI measurement
Measurement software

Bridge & Structure Laboratory , Department of Civil engineering , The University of Tokyo 2012 30
. Developing Technology DRIMS
DRIMS provides accurate IRI estimation
110 Driving velocity
Speed [km/h]

100

90

80
Large velocity change
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000
4.5
IRI
DRIMS
new Distance [m]
4 IRI Road Profiler
IRI
3.5
IRI [mm/m]

3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000
Distance [m]
Bridge
Bridge&& Structure
Structure Laboratory
Laboratory , Department
, Department of Civil of Civil engineering
engineering , The University
, The University of Tokyo 2012
of Tokyo 2012 31
. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

InfraDoctor supports maintenance work on road and


structure using GIS platform and 3D point cloud data
GIS Platform with Excellent Operability
Variety of
information can Access information on Cloud Web Browser
be accessed from Display 2D Map and 3D point Data Simultaneously
the GIS platform. All Around Video

Ledger Function Various Function with 3D point cloud


Inspection result and Drawing for consultation CAD, FEM modelling
history reference

Inspection support by measuring


Inspection simulation distance and displacement
Ledger Reference

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. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

GIS platform
Management of Information (Inspection/repair data, drawings, 3D
point cloud data and variety of ledgers) on GIS system
Intelligent search of Information on Map

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. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

Various Function with 3D point cloud

3D point cloud data and all around video are recorded using laser scanners
and cameras on the MMS.

Asahi Mobile Mapping System All around camera

Laser scanner

Inertia maintenance
HD camera
device GNSS/IMU

Measurement
vehicle

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. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

Various Function with 3D point cloud

Variety of CAD can be created using 3D point cloud data.

Alignment view, 3D CAD FEM modeling


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. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

Various Function with 3D point cloud


Measuring distance between road surface and bottom surface of girder
Loading CAD data of utility vehicles.

Examined with
3D CAD data.

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. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

Various Function with 3D point cloud

Driving simulation to check traffic regulation

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. Developing Technology InfraDoctor

CIM(Construction Information Modeling)


- Computer aided construction using digital data.
- Application of 3D CAD drawing and construction
simulation.
- Record of initial condition of structures (material,
construction condition, quality control, etc.).
Construction 3D
record modelling
Dimension data

InfraDoctor
- Management of ledgers on GIS system (CIM data, inspection and repair
record, 3D point cloud data, all around video).
- Support of inspection work by measuring displacement or condition
changes.
- Support of inspection planning work by inspection simulation or drawing Material data
- Creation of structural models and input data for performance evaluation
analysis using ledger data and 3D point cloud data considering
construction conditions and inspection data.

Timely repair & reinforcement


- Quick implementation of performance
evaluation, deterioration evaluation and
Structural performance
repair/reinforcement design using analysis
evaluation, deterioration
model and input data from the InfraDoctor.
prediction

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NETWORKING PEOPLE, COMMUNITIES AND DAILY LIVES
Metropolitan Expressway Co., Ltd.
http://www.shutoko.jp/english
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Bangkok Office (established in Year 2011)

To accelerate the technical and personnel exchanges with road authorities in


Thailand and neighboring countries (ASEAN +1)
To provide technical consulting service related to expressway facilities (Project
Office)
To gather information about project investment opportunities while further
contribute to international society

Tokyo Smart Driver

Road safety campaign (EXAT, Thailand)


Seminar on Road Infrastructure (Thailand)
Contact Address:
Address: 142 Two Pacific Place, 23rd Floor Room2301, Sukhumvit Rd., Klongtoey, Bangkok 10110 Thailand
Email: bangkok@shutoko.jp