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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Region III
Division of City Schools
STO. CRISTO NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Guzmanville, Brgy. Sto. Cristo, City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan

First Quarter Examination


SCIENCE 10

Choose the letter of the best answer.

1. Which of these statements is correct?


a. Continental crust is thicker than oceanic crust
b. Oceanic crust is thicker than continental crust.
c. Continental crust is thinner than oceanic crust
d. Both of them have the same thickness.

2. What type of crust is found under the oceans?


a. oceanic b. continental c. tectonic d. plates

3. What theory explains the movement of the Earth's plates that cause of earthquakes,
volcanoes, oceanic trenches, mountain range formation, and many other geologic
events?
a. Continental drift b. Seafloor Spreading
c. Convection d. Plate Tectonic

4. Which of the following major tectonic plates is the largest?


a. Pacific Plate b. Philippine Plate
c. Eurasian Plate d. All of the above

5. Before lava reaches the surface, the molten material is called ______________?
a. lava flows b. magma
c. volcanic ashes d. none of the above

6. Which of the following statements is true?


a. the lithosphere contains the crust
b. the crust contains the lithosphere
c. the lithosphere and crust are different terms for the same part of the Earth
d. the lithosphere and crust are totally separate parts of the Earth

7. Which of the following are not associated with convergent plate margins?
a. deep-focus earthquakes b. rift valleys
c. deep-sea trenches d. island arcs

8. What do you expect to find parallel to a trench?


a. hot spot b. ocean ridge c. rift valley d. volcanic arc

9. Which of these is NOT true about the Philippine islands?


a. most are part of the Philippine Mobile Belt, except for Palawan, Mindoro, and
Zamboanga
b. formed because of the convergence of the Philippine plate and the Pacific plate
c. originated geologically in an oceanic-oceanic convergence
d. some are products of subduction process
10. When two tectonic plates collide, the oceanic crust usually subducts beneath the
continental crust because it is ______.
a. denser than continental crust c. thicker than continental crust
b. less dense than continental crust d. thinner than continental crust

11. If you visit a place in the Pacific known to be along converging plates, which of
these should you NOT expect to see?
a. active volcanoes c. rift valleys
b. mountain ranges d. volcanic islands

12. You are an oceanographer and want to map the ocean floor on the east coast of the
Philippines. As you do your study, you notice that there is a portion in the ocean
floor which is relatively much deeper than the rest. What most likely is that deeper
part?
a. linear sea b. oceanic ridge c. rift valley d. trench

13. Which of these is false about lithospericplates:


a. have the same thickness everywhere c. thickest in the mountain regions
b. include the crust and upper mantle d. vary in thickness

14. Which of the following location in the ocean floor we can found the youngest rock?
a. near continents c. far from mid-ocean ridges
b. in the mid-ocean ridge d. none of the above

15. Which of the following formation can be the source of earthquake?


a. trenches formation c. rift valley
b. mountain formation d. none of the above

16. When two continental plates collide, the edges of the continents are pushed upward
to form a ______________________.
a. Mountain formation c. Rift valleys
b. Volcano formation d. Earthquake

17. What event is most likely to occur when an oceanic plate collides with a continental
plate?
a. The oceanic plate will be subducted.
b. A rift valley will form in the continental plate.
c. The continental plate will be subducted
d. A hot spot will form in the oceanic plate.

18. What type of tectonic plate boundary involving a collision between two tectonic
plates is?
a. Convergent b. Divergent c. Transform d. none of the above

19. When a thin, dense oceanic plate collides with a relatively light, thick continental
plate, the oceanic plate is forced under the continental plate; this phenomenon is
called___________.
a. subduction c. convection
b. collision d. none of the above

20. Which of the following geologic events can occur at a transform boundary?
a. Mountain formation c. Rift valleys
b. Volcano formation d. Earthquake

21. Which is NOT likely to happen at a divergent boundary?


a. Mountain formation c. Seafloor spreading
b. Rift Valley d. volcano formation
22. Mid-ocean ridges are places where tectonic plates are doing what?
a. colliding c. move apart
b. sliding past each other d. none of the above

23. What is happening at the subduction zone of the Juan de Fuca and North American
Plates?
a. Plates are sliding past each other
b. One plate is being pulled under another.
c. Plates are spreading apart
d. All of the above

24. In a hot spot, Volcano A is on top of the mantle plume, Volcano B is 10 km farther
from A while Volcano C is the farthest. What can you infer about the ages of the
volcanoes?
a. Volcano A is older than C c. Volcano B is the youngest
b. Volcano B is the oldest d. Volcano B is younger than C

25. From the seismogram, the distance to the epicenter can be determined by
measuring
a. the arrival time of surface wave
b. the difference in the arrival times of the P and S-waves
c. the ratio of the amplitude of the largest P and S-waves
d. the speed of the surface wave

26. The boundary between the Earth's crust and mantle was first discovered by ______.
a. analyzing seismic waves c. detailed geologic mapping
b. deep continental drilling d. paleomagnetic studies

27. You were asked to locate the epicenter of a recent earthquake. Which correct
sequence should you follow?
i. Determine the difference in the arrival time of S and P waves recorded from each
of the seismological stations.
ii. Use the triangulation method to locate the center.
iii. Obtain data from three different seismological stations
iv. Determine the distance of the epicenter from the station.
a. i, iii, ii, iv b. iii, i, iv, ii c. iii, iv, i, ii d. iv, ii, i, iii

28. What has been the most useful method for determining the structure of the earth's
interior?
a. Density studies b. Magnetic field c. Meteorites d. Seismology

29. The Gutenberg discontinuity lies at the boundary of what two layers?
a. Mantle and outer core
b. Crust and outer core
c. Mantle and inner core
d. Crust and mantle

30. Which of the following makes up most of the Earth's mass?


a. mantle c. inner core
b. crust d. outer core

31. Which layer of the Earth is made up of tectonic plates?


a. mantle c. moho
b. core d. crust
32. Geologist believe the source of the earth's magnetic field may be the ___________.
a. core b. magnetosphere c. crust d. magnetic pole

33. Which zone of the earth is made up of liquid iron?


a. the asthenosphere c. the outer core
b. the upper mantle d. the inner core

34. The boundary between the earth's crust and mantle where the speed of seismic
waves changes is called the _________.
a. Moho b. shadow zone c. magnetosphere d. hydrosphere

35. The first line of evidence used to promote continental drift was that ________.
a. paleomagnetic fields are not consistent with the modern day magnetic field
b. the magnetic field underwent numerous reversals throughout Earths history
c. the continents seems to fit together like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle
d. lines of islands on moving plates formed above hotspots

36. The edge of one continent surprisingly matches the edge of another. Which of the
following evidences support this statement?
a. Continental Jigsaw Puzzle
b. Evidence from Rocks
c. Evidence from Fossils
d. Evidence from Coal Deposits

37. What did Alfred Wegener inferred from the fossils that contributed greatly to
continental drift theory?
a. Fossils are preserved remains of organisms
b. Fossils were found in different continents now separated by wide oceans proves
that they were connected before
c. Fossils of Lystosaurus and Mesosaurus came from same family
d. Glossopteris, a fossilized leaf came from extinct plant

38. How does rock formation proves the continental drift theory?
a. Rock formation also shows fossils in different continents
b. Mineral contents found in rocks are similar to other continents
c. Rock formation were created because of the divergent of plates
d. Rock formation are similar in different continents as if they were once a long
mountain range

39.With Antarticas present location. Is coal bed formation possible?


a. No, because the polar bears hinder the formation of coal bed
b. No, because the temperature of Antartica cannot handle substantial amount of
life
c. Yes, because there are life forms that can thrive in extremely cold temperature
d. Yes, because people were able to dig coal bed in Antartica

40. Areas where continental and oceanic plates converge are also said to be_______.
a. Australian zones
b. mid-atlantic zones
c. mid-pacific zones
d. subduction zones

41. In seafloor spreading, the further the ocean floor is away from the mid-ocean ridge,
the ____________ that floor will be.
a. newer b. younger c. rockier d. older
42. What causes the seafloor to spread?
a. rising molten magma c. sinking magma
b. drifting continental crust d. earthquakes

43. Which of the following increases with distance from a mid-ocean ridge?
a. the age of oceanic lithosphere c. the depth to the sea floor
b. the thickness of the lithosphere d. all of the above

44. Why does the oceanic crust sink beneath the continental crust at the subduction
zone?
a. The oceanic crust has a greater density.
b. The oceanic crust is pulled downward by Earths magnetic field.
c. The oceanic crust is pushed from the ridge.
d. The continental crust has a denser composition.

45. What do you call the magnetic flip of the earth?


a. Magnetic Polarity c. Magnetic Reversal
b. Magnetic Compass d. Magnetic Pattern

46. How does magnetic reversal strengthened the seafloor spreading?


a. Magnetic rocks near the ridge follow a pattern where magnetic minerals follow the
present polarity of earths magnetic north
b. Magnetic rocks align themselves in the magnetic field
c. Magnetic rocks become magnets
d. All of the above

47. Which of the following do not describe measurement of a tectonic plate?


a. greater than 10 million km2
b. less than 10 million km2 but greater than 1million km2
c. less than 1 million km2
d. none of the above

48. What theory provided an explanation about the movement of lithospheric plates?
a. Continental Drift c. Seafloor Spreading
b. Magnetic Reversal d. Plate Tectonic

49. What causes the plate to move around?


a. Convection current in the mantle
b. Convection current in the core
c. Convection current in the crust
d. Convection current in the lithosphere

50. The process by which the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back
into the mantle is known as _________.
a. subduction b. conduction c. continental drift d. convection