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RELEASE OPERATIONAL AND TECHNICAL MANUAL

AITS-R

AIS INSTALLATION TEST SET R


OPERATIONAL AND TECHNICAL MANUAL

Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings (Pty) Ltd

Build 20091202 GNRC

Revised 2 December 2009

Document Number: AITS-R OPTECH Build 20091202 GNRC

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY:
ABBREVIATIONS
OVERVIEW
AIS Overview
Features
Technical Data
System
Receivers
Signal Generator
Termaline Wattmeter / Conducted Interface
Return Loss / SWR bridge / Radiated Interface
Minimum distance range
Interconnecting cables
AITS-R Evaluation Table
Shipping
Unpacking the Unit
Optional Items not supplied
Charging the unit
Explanation of the LED
RF Interface Connections
Communication Interface Connections
AITS-R DB9 Connections
Objective
Interactive Operational Menu Flow
Menu Interactivity
Sequence Exit
General Data Base
Current Data Profile
Own Data Profile
Clear Key
Operational Sequence
Interactive Operational Menu Flow Tree Start
Enter Target MMSI
Measure RF power in a slot
Monitor and view received packets
Choose GPS mode
Interrogate EUT AIS Channels
Evaluate external antenna
Evaluate Pilot Plug
Save current profile
Select the SSD button
Enter the desired vessel profile data then update.
Select the VSD button
Enter the desired voyage profile data then update.
Select the EPFD button
Set the desired sensor profile data
Open the profile menu and Save Own Profile to Menu.
The Profile options are.
View the formatted AIS VDM or VDO data.

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View the formatted DSC data.


Parse an HTML file or create a CSV file.
Default template.html
Program prompts for HTML.
CSV options.
HTML Pre-defined DOCUMENT TAG TABLE
Evaluating the Presentation VDM and VDO output strings
NMEA RXD Terminal option
Upgrades
PROFILE TABLE
Design Reference Documents: List of standards, specifications and research
material.

DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY:

This manual is for informational use only, and may be changed without notice. This
manual should not be construed as a commitment of Sine Qua Non Technology
Holdings (Pty) Ltd. Under no circumstances does Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings
(Pty) Ltd assume any responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may
appear in this document or for the incorrect use of this information.

Unless expressly stated in this document, no condition, warranty or representation by


Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings is given and shall not be implied in relation to this
document, including any data, hardware or software descriptions, program listings or
application information or other information included in this document.

In no event will Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings or any person or entity involved in
creating, producing, distributing or contributing to this document be liable for
any damages, including, without limitation, any direct, indirect, incidental, special,
consequential or exemplary or punitive damages or any claim for economic loss or loss
of profit arising out of the information or the use or the inability to use this information.

The AITS-R or AIS Developer Studio and or Interface should not be used to alter
the operational status of any AIS unit unless authorised by a competent authority.

Under no circumstances should the AITS-R be operated ON AIR using the multiple
sequence messages offered by the Developer Studio Interface.

Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited

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ABBREVIATIONS
The following is a list of abbreviations used in this manual:

AIS Automatic Identification System


AIS1 Automatic Identification System channel 1 - 161.975 MHz
AIS2 Automatic Identification System channel 2 - 162.025 MHz
AIR-1 AIS Interrogation Request on channel 1 161.975Mhz
AIR-2 AIS Interrogation Request on channel 2 162.025Mhz
VDL-1 AIS packet generation on channel 1 161.975Mhz
VDL-2 AIS packet generation on channel 2 162.025Mhz
DSC Digital Selective-Calling
DSC-P DSC packet generation on channel 156.525Mhz
GPS Global Positioning System
ITU International Telecommunication Union
IMO International Maritime Organisation
IEC International Electro-technical Commission
MMSI Maritime Mobile Service Identities
NVRAM Non-Volatile Random Access Memory
PC Personal Computer
RATDMA Random Access Time Division Multiple Access
RF Radio Frequency
RX Receive
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
TX Transmit
VDL VHF Data Link
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Ration
RETLOSS Return Loss
EUT Equipment Under Test
AITS AIS Installation Test Set
AITS-R AIS Installation Test Set Radiated
MENU TREE All menu options, which are initiated using the FNC key.
MENU BRANCH All sub menu options
SQNTH Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings (PTY). Ltd

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OVERVIEW
AIS Overview

Very simply, the AIS is a broadcast system, operating in the VHF maritime mobile
band. It is capable of sending ship information such as identification, position, course,
speed and more, to other ships and to shore. It can handle multiple reports at rapid
update rates and uses Self-Organizing Time Division Multiple Access (SOTDMA)
technology to meet these high broadcast rates and ensure reliable and robust ship-to
ship operation.

AIS Installation Test Set Overview

Two AIS radio receivers (AIS1 and AIS2)


Digital Selective Calling radio receiver (DSC channel 70).
A fixed frequency 2 mW nominal signal generator operating on AIS1, AIS2 and
DSC (channel. 70).
An integrated termaline RF power meter and conducted interface (1 12.5W).
A microprocessor with integrated DSP functions.
In-line forward power and return loss measurement within a 26.6 millisecond
transmission period
In-line or antenna RF interrogation of AIS equipment under test using keypad,
including DSC
In-line or antenna RF decoding and display of AIS received packets, including
DSC
Fully portable with internal battery pack (rechargeable) & internal charging circuit
LCD (2 x 16 character) display and keypad, menu driven command set
Pilot / Presentation Port evaluation function (NMEA/RS422)
Battery backed non-volatile memory retains two (2) test session for processing
Download test results to PC and print customized reports in HTML format
Robust aluminium casing.

Features

Installation / Survey keypad menu.

Enhanced Developer Studio menu using Com Port


Standard DSC test signal as defined in 10.4.1
Standard TDMA test signal as defined in 10.4.2
Standard TDMA test signal as defined in 10.4.3
Standard TDMA test signal as defined in 10.4.4 (Class B draft IEC 62287)
User profile created from SSD, VSD and EPFD strings.
VDL Packet creation for message types
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,18,19,20,21,22,23,24
Includes CCITT 511 bit pseudo-random test pattern.
Pseudo EPFD Generation
Fully remote controllable using AIS Developer Studio interface.

The AITS-R is a fixed frequency test set operating on the designated AIS1, AIS2 and
DSC channels. It has been designed in accordance with the listed relevant
specifications as an aid to evaluating the operation of an AIS unit both on installation
and survey.

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The AITS-R is capable of generating and receiving messages on the radio channels
using the interconnected cables as well as generating and receiving messages from the
radio channels using the supplied antenna.

The LCD and Keypad are used as the man machine interface. The serial communication
port provides electrical connectivity to a PC. The RS422 port allows testing NMEA
strings of external sensor devices as well as selected items from the input/output stream
of the Pilot Plug.

Operational Evaluation Of The Following AIS Equipment Under Test (EUT)

AIS Class A
AIS Class B (B/CS)
AIS Base Station
AIS Repeater Station
AIS Aids To Navigation
AIS Search and Rescue
RF (on air radio frequency) radiated or conducted
Pilot / Presentation Port (RS422)
NMEA sensors (RS422) (displayed on LCD, first 32 characters only)

NB: No Frequency measurement is done by this unit. Operational evaluation is done on


AIS1, AIS2 and channel 70 only.

AIS Installation Test Set (AITS-R) Applications

Radio Survey
Installations
Maintenance / Service
AIS Product Development
AIS Application Development (Software, ECS, ECDIS, etc)

Technical Data

System
Designation: Operational Evaluation of Class A & Class B and
derivative equipment of the Universal Automatic
Identification system (AIS). Designed according to
ITU.R M.1371-1, IEC 61993-2, IEC 61162-2 and the
IMO resolution MSC.74 (69) Annex 3.
Services: VDL messages in accordance with ITU.R M.1371-1;
Installation / Survey Encoding, decoding and interrogation of the following:
Keypad Menu Message Number 1
Message Number 2
Message Number 3
Message Number 4
Message Number 5
Message Number 9
Message Number 11
Message Number 18A (Class A)
Message Number 18B (Class B CS)
Message Number 19
Message Number 21
Message Number 24A

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Message Number 24B


DSC Std Test Signal 1
Forward Power measurement in a TDMA slot
Return Loss measurement in a TDMA slot.
Pilot Plug Evaluation
Generation of VDM and VDO strings
Services: Base-band message in accordance with
AIS Developer Studio ITU.R M.1371-1
DSC in accordance with ITU-R M.825-3
The services are exclusive Bit patterns in accordance with IEC 61993-2
On the AITS-R model. PRS Bit patterns in accordance with IEC 62287 Class B
Encoding of the following:
Test Signal Number 1
A DSC call with an individual station address and with
command sets 103 (report your position) and 111 (report
ship name) unless otherwise stated
(refer to, IEC 61993-2, ITU-R M.825).
Test Signal Number 2
A slotted binary MSG 8 packet with a payload of 010101
prior to NRZI encoding.
Test Signal Number 3
A slotted binary MS 8 packet with a payload consisting of
00110011 prior to NRZI encoding.
Test Signal Number 4
A slotted MSG 8 packet with a payload consisting of an
infinite series of Pseudo Random Sequence (PRS) as
specified in ITU/T 0.153. This sequence is then NRZI
encoded.

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Services: Test Signal Number 5


Developer Studio Standard alternating binary Msg 8 packets with payload
Continued of 01010101 and 00110011 respectively encoded every
5th slot.
See Developer Studio Manual Test Signals
Documentation. Single RATDMA VDL message
The following message types are supported.
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,18,19,20,21,22,
23,24,DSC (Single Test Signal 1)
Mobility Generator
Load Generator
Graphic Display Of VDO and VDM string.
Logging of recorded data.
PC HTML file parser.
PC CSV file generator.
VDL Mode of operation RATDMA
RS232 interface: Duplex 38400-baud multi-conductor cable (shielded).
RS422 interface: Simplex 1 pair cable (shielded)
Power Supply: Internal batteries 6 volt 700 mAH rechargeable.
Charging Supply. 12 VDC nominal
Power consumption: 100mA nominal
Temperature range: +15 to +35 deg C.
EMC EN50081-1
EN50082-1
EN55022 class B Radiated interference field strength
EN61000-4-2 Electrostatic discharge
EN61000-4-3 Radiated frequency electromagnetic field
80Mhz to 1000Mhz

Dimensions And Weight


Width 101 mm
Length 209 mm
Depth 41 mm
Weight 0.7 kg

Receivers
Frequency AIS1 161.975 MHz
Frequency AIS2 162.025 MHz
Frequency DSC 156.525Mhz
Channel bandwidth 25 kHz
AIS Data Rate 9,600 bits/s GMSK
DSC Data Rate V23
Channel bandwidth 25 kHz
Frequency Accuracy: +-3.5 ppm
AIS Sensitivity (ANT BNC) -47 dBm.
DSC Sensitivity (ANT BNC) -37 dBm

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Signal Generator
Output Power: 2mW (+1 0.5 mW)
RF Frequency Accuracy: +-3.5 ppm
Frequency AIS1 161.975 MHz
Frequency AIS2 162.025 MHz
Frequency DSC 156.525 MHz
Channel bandwidth 25 kHz
AIS Modulation GMSK BT 0.5
AIS Data Rate 9,600 bits/s
DSC Modulation 1200 baud V23 FSK
DSC Data Rate 1200 bits/s
Spurious Content <= -36dBm

Termaline Wattmeter / Conducted Interface


<= 15 Watts for 10 seconds maximum Using AITS-R EUT TNC connector

Return Loss / SWR bridge / Radiated Interface


Internal bridge using internal stimulus Using AITS-R BNC ANT connector

Minimum distance range


Effective working minimum distance 50 Feet Line Of Sight
range

Interconnecting cables
RS232 1 Meter Cable DB9 Male DB9 Female
RS422 1 Meter Cable DB9 Male 2 Pair Crocodile Clips
RF 0.9 Meter Cable TNC BNC

Quality Control

The AITS-R has been tested and certified by ETECSA Services, an accredited test
laboratory in accordance with the manufacturers AITS-R Operational Performance
Verification Procedure, Document Number AITS-R/O/PVP/R1.1. A copy of the
verification procedure document is available on request.

Each AITS-R is manufactured and tested in accordance with the manufacturers AITS-R
Hardware Alignment and Performance Verification Procedure, Document Number AITS-
R/H/APVP/R1.1. A product serial number and Performance Verification Certificate is
issued. The values of the certificate are correct at the time of verification. Subsequently
the accuracy will depend on such factors as the care exercised in the handling and use
of the AITS-R and the frequency of use. Re-verification should be performed after a
period that has been chosen to ensure that, under normal circumstance, the AITS-R
accuracy remains within the desired limits. A copy of the verification procedure
document is available on request.

A CE Certificate of Compliance is issued by the manufacturer with the supply of each


AITS-R.

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AITS-R Evaluation Table

Evaluation EUT TNC CONNECTOR ANTENNA BNC CONNECTOR


EUT nominal TX Power Yes Definitely Not (Caution)
VDL Antenna nominal No Yes
Return Loss / SWR
Decode VDL Yes Yes
Received via cable at a Received via the AITS-R
level of >= antenna at a level of >=
+30 ->+42dBm -47dBm
Decode both AIS Yes Yes
channels. Messages Received via cable at a Received via the AITS-R
1,2,3,4,5,9,11,18, level of >= antenna at a level of >=
19,21,24 +30 ->+42dBm -47dBm
Decode DSC channel Yes Yes
Standard Test Signal 1 Received via cable at a Received via the AITS-R
IEC 61993-2 level of >= antenna at a level of >=
+30 ->+42dBm -37dBm
AIR and MSG 10 packet Yes Yes
generation on both AIS Conducted via cable. Radiated via the AITS-R
channels. Request the antenna.
following messages
3,4,5,9,11,18,19,21,24
VDL packet generation Yes Yes
on both AIS channels Conducted via cable. Radiated via the AITS-R
Generate the following antenna.
messages using own
profile data
1,2,3,4,5,9,11,18,
19,21,24
DSC packet generation Yes Yes
Standard Test Signal 1 Conducted via cable. Radiated via the AITS-R
IEC 61993-2 antenna.
Display NMEA RS422 Yes Yes
Strings
Own User Profile Yes Yes
Pilot Plug Evaluation Yes Yes
(Duplex RS422 modem (Duplex RS422 modem 38400
38400 baud) baud)
Encode functions not Encode functions not defined
defined yet. yet.
Decode and display VDO Decode and display VDO packet
packet 1,2,3,4,5,9,11,18, 1,2,3,4,5,9,11,18,
19,21,24 19,21,24
VDM & VDO encoded Yes Yes
output Of targeted MMSI
VDL activity
Memory Battery Backed
Battery Operated Yes Yes

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Shipping

The unit is shipped with a discharged battery.

Unpacking the Unit

The AITS-R package includes the following:

Unpacking the Unit

The AITS-R package includes:

AITS-R Installation Test Set


Antenna (rubber duck)
Vehicular charging cable (12VDC)
Vehicular charging socket with red and black banana plug
RS232 Interface cable
RS422 Interface cable with crocodile clips (Pilot / Presentation / Sensor Ports)
Programming Dongle (required for firmware upgrade)
TNC - BNC terminated RF cable
CE Certificate of Compliance
Performance Verification Certificate (factory calibration)
Warranty document

Download the latest versions of the following from www.sinequanonth.co.za

AITS-R Operational & Technical document


AITS-R Simulator application
AIS Developer Studio application
Flash.exe programming utility

Optional Items not supplied

The following optional item is not supplied with the kit. The rational behind this decision
is the following.

Battery charger / eliminator

As the AC voltages worldwide differ and plug and socket standards differ it was decided
that the charging of the AITS[R] batteries would be accomplished universally with the
cigarette lighter cable provided.

Should you choose to use a battery eliminator it can be purchased as an add-on item in
your country with the correct AC input and plug profile. The DC requirement is 12VDC
@ 500ma with centre pin positive.

The EMC directive for you country should be observed when using the battery
eliminator.

Charging the unit

The unit should be connected to a 12VDC (nominal) supply. The AITS-R should be in
the off position. Allow a 16-hour charge cycle to restore the batteries to a charged state.

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The unit can be float charged whilst in use from a battery eliminator or car vehicular
battery. In this case 32 hours of charging would be required.

Allow the AITS-R 15 minutes in the off position after first connection to a charging
supply when the battery is in the discharged state.

If a battery eliminator / power supply is used for charging, it should provide 12VDC @
500mA with the positive connection to the centre pin.

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Explanation of the LED

When charging or powered by an external DC source, the CHARGING LED (red) is


illuminated.

RF Interface Connections

Two RF connectors are provided as follows.


TNC socket marked EUT This socket connects the AITS-R unit to
the equipment under test. It is specified at
DO NOT EXCEED 15 WATTS. 15-Watts Max TDMA. Under no
DO NOT EXCEEDING 10 SECONDS circumstances should the transmitted
CONTINUOUS CARRIER POWER power into the EUT socket exceed 10
seconds. The EUT is designed to
automatically turn the EUT transmitter off
after 0.5 seconds time period known as the
time out timer
BNC socket marked ANT This socket should be used with the
rubber duck antenna supplied for the
DO NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCE radiated evaluation.
CONNECT THIS SOCKET TO THE This socket is used to connect the external
EUT.MAXIMUM INPUT MUST NOT antenna under test for SWR evaluation.
EXCEED +10dBm

WARNING
Failure to observe the above limits will result in damage to the unit.

Communication Interface Connections

WARNING: Use the RS232 cable provided. If you must extend or make your own cable
for any reason then only pins DB9-2, DB9-3 and DB9-5 should be connected.

WARNING: Use the RS422 cable provided. If you must extend or intend to make your
own cable for the pilot plug or any reason then only pins DB9-1, DB9-4, DB9-8, DB9-9
and optionally DB9-6 should be connected.

The other DB9 pins carry signals and voltages, which must not be connected to the
standard PC or external world.

AITS-R DB9 Connections


DB9-1 RS422 RX A
DB9-2 RS232 RXD on PC
DB9-3 RS232 TXD on PC
DB9-4 RS422 RX B
DB9-5 GROUND
DB9-6 GROUND
DB9-7 Proprietary Dongle
DB9-8 RS422 TX A
DB9-9 RS422 TX B

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Objective

The objective for the use of the AITS-R is to assimilate as much VDL data and
decompose it from a RF bit stream to a general database. Added to this is the RF power
measurement and interrogation capability. The unit supports ON AIR and OFF AIR
evaluation. The Pilot Plug VDO stream is added to the general database.
Version 2 and higher supports the AIS Developer Studio Interface.

This database aids the surveyor / technician in making a decision as to the operational
capability of the equipment under test.

This may sound daunting but is easily accomplished with the minimum of training and or
human interface through the use of Interactive Operational Menu Flow.

The end product is a csv word processor file or html file. The csv file and the html file
can be imported into your word processor, spreadsheet program or browser across
many operating systems.

Interactive Operational Menu Flow

All menu actions flow toward the final file result and are prompted by menu interactivity.

Menu Interactivity

The evaluation steps are prompted to the user by the current menu function selected as
indicated on the LCD. An indication of the next preferred key in the sequence is given.

Sequence Exit

Any sequence can be exited by pressing the FNC function key.

General Data Base

The general database is made up of two non-volatile sections. These memory sections
hold data where the user has saved current profiles for later download and evaluation.
They are designated Memory 1 and Memory 2

Current Data Profile

The volatile section contains a current data profile of the equipment under test. This can
be viewed by pressing the RX key in the correct main menu sequence.

Own Data Profile

This section contains an uploaded battery backed non-volatile own data profile, which
is used to create transmission packets to the EUT. This can be viewed by pressing the
RX key in the correct main menu sequence.

Clear Key

This key will clear the current display contents.

Display

Due to the limitations of the 32-character display names have been concatenated.

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Switching on the Unit

The unit is operational after switch on.

Operational Sequence

The characters indicated in the right hand corners of the display indicate the first letter of
the options available.

F FNC KEY
E ENT KEY
S SND KEY
N NXT KEY
C CLR KEY
D DIGITS 0 through 9

Interactive Operational Menu Flow Tree Start

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Switch AITS-R On SINE QUA NON T&M MODEL AITS-R F
Press FNC Key Once ENTER 9 DIGIT TARGET MMSI N/F

Step 1: Enter Target MMSI

If you enter an incorrect EUT MMSI D/E/C/F 123456789


number
Press CLR Key Once EUT MMSI D/E/C/F 000000000

The AITS-R is prompting the user to enter a nine digit MMSI user identification.

If the entered number is correct EUT MMSI D/E/C/F 123456789


Press ENT Key Once TARGET MMSI 123456789 F

Step 2: Measure RF power in a slot

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once MEASURE EUT SLOT RF POWER N/F
Press NXT Key Once Connect AITS(R) EUT to Radio E/F

Connect the equipment under test to the EUT TNC socket via the supplied coaxial
cable.

Press ENT Key Once Waiting for next packet F


The next incoming packet is sampled for Peak 10.35 W
average and peak slot power Avg 10.32 W F

Step 3: Monitor and view received packets

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once RECEIVE STATUS DISPLAY N/F
Press NXT Key Once Waiting for next packet F"
Example MSG 1 Received Msg 1 on AIS1 F"
Example MSG 5 Received Msg 5 on AIS2 F"

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Press RX Key to display data. To View Current AIS Profile R/N


Examples of received data
AIS VDL messages 1,2,3 (dynamic) & 5 (static & voyage) data:

DSC message data using standard DSC test message

Equipment Under Test transmitter power and external VHF antenna installation test data

Should you wish to examine the current profile data then whilst in the MANUAL ENTRY
AIR menu branch option you can step through the data by using the RX key.

For each received and decoded packet a VDM formatted string is created and output on
the RS232 interface.

Step 4: Choose GPS mode

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key OWN GPS COORDINATES N/F
Press NXT Key Once Use own profile GPS cords E/N/F
Press NXT Key Once Clone GPS cords from EUT E/N/F

A choice of own profile GPS or clone EUT GPS must be made.


A sample message 3 VDO string is created. This can be viewed on the utility program.

Press ENT Key Once Next function F

Step 5: Interrogate EUT AIS Channels

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key MANUAL ENTRY - AIR - N/F
Press NXT Key to step MANUAL MMSI 123456789 N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 3 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 4 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 5 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 9 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 11 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 18 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 19 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 21 S/N
MANUAL AIR-1/2 MSG TYPE 24 S/N
Press SND Key Once for any of the above Generate Packet on VDL N
Press RX Key to display data. To View Current AIS Profile R/N
E.g. If packet is transponded Received Msg 3 on AIS2 F

Depending on the evaluation that you want to do you can interrogate the EUT for the
relevant menu message type.

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Should you wish to examine the current profile data then whilst in the MANUAL ENTRY
AIR menu branch option you can step through the data by using the RX key.

For each received and decoded packet a VDM formatted string is created and output on
the RS232 interface.

Step 6: Interrogate DSC

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key MANUAL ENTRY - DSC - N/F
Press NXT Key Once MANUAL DSC Position & Name S/N
Press SND Key Once Generate Packet on VDL N
E.g. If packet is transponded RX DSC MSG from 123456789 R/F
Press RX Key to display data Step Through DSC current profile

Should you wish to examine the DSC response from the EUT then whilst in the Manual
ENTRY DSC- menu branch option you can step through the current DSC data by using
the RX key.

Step 7: Evaluate EUT Presentation Port, MKD and or display object

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once MANUAL ENTRY - VDL - N/F
Press NXT Key Once MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 1 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 2 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 3 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 4 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 5 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 9 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 11 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 18A S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 18B S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 19 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 21 S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 24A S/N
MANUAL VDL-1/2 MSG TYPE 24B S/N
Press SND Key Once Generate Packet on VDL N
Press RX Key to display own profile To View Current OWN Profile R/N

By encoding a VDL message using own profile data, an evaluation of the EUT
receivers ability to decode a signal, cabling between the presentation port and the
display object as well as the display objects ability to display the VDL information can be
made.

Should you wish to examine the own profile data then whilst in the MANUAL ENTRY
VDL menu branch option you can step through the data by using the RX key.

For each VDL packet sent a VDO formatted string is created and output on the RS232
interface.

Step 8: Evaluate external antenna

KEY LCD DISPLAY

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Press FNC Key Once MEASURE RETURN LOSS / SWR N/F


Press NXT Key Once CONNECT AITS(R) AND ANTENNA E/F

Connect the EXTERNAL ANTENNA, which you wish to evaluate to the AITS-R BNC
socket.

Press ENT Key Once Generate Packet on VDL N


Indicates Return Loss and Swr RtnLoss 00.00dB SWR 00 00: 1 N/F

The SWR value is automatically saved to the current profile.

Step 9: Evaluate Pilot Plug

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once PILOT PLUG PROFILE N/F
Press NXT Key once BAUD RATE 38400 E/N/F
Press ENT Key On 38400 CONNECTED 38400
Press RX Key to display pilot data To View Current pilot profile R/N

Connect the pilot plug output to the black crocodile clips on the RS422 cable provided. If
the connection is reversed the unit will not decode the VDO stream. In order to verify
your connection is correct see the TERMINAL option at the end of the menu tree.

Assuming that you connection is correct then VDO data from the EUT will be re-
assembled and logged in the pilot profile section of the current profile.

Should you wish to examine the pilot profile data then whilst in the PILOT PLUG
PROFILE menu branch option you can step through the data by using the RX key.

Step 10: Save current profile

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once SAVE CURNTPROFLE TO MEMORY N/F
Press NXT Key Once or MEMORY 1 MMSI nnnnnnnnn E/F
Press ENT Key Once SAVING TO MEMORY 1 F
Press NXT Key Once or MEMORY 2 MMSI nnnnnnnnn E/F"
Press ENT Key Once SAVING TO MEMORY 2 F

WARNING! Using this key will change your saved current profiles.

The first entry displayed is the MEMORY1 MMSI. Should you choose to overwrite this
profile then select ENT. If you do not wish to overwrite this MMSI profile then choose
NXT, which will move you on to MEMORY 2.

The unit will indicate that it is busy saving the file.

As a user has the ability to overwrite the current profile data it is advisable to transfer it
to your PC whilst at the evaluation site.

Step 11: Terminal display of sensor and VDO strings

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once TERMINAL RS422 N/F
Press NXT Key Once BAUD RATE 4800 E/N/F

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Press NXT Key Once BAUD RATE 9600 E/N/F


Press NXT Key Once BAUD RATE 19200 E/N/F
Press NXT Key Once BAUD RATE 38400 E/N/F
Press ENT Key on 38400 CONNECTED 38400 N/F

This mode will display the first 32 characters of a NMEA or VDO profiled string. The
baud rate may be selected between 4800 and 38400.

This can be used to evaluate SENSOR and VDO strings and RS422 wiring.

Step 12: Indicate serial number and software version

KEY LCD DISPLAY


Press FNC Key Once SW Version 2.0.5 SN 010201-DEMO F

End Of Menu Tree

When saving or clearing memory Items the LCD will display the current status.

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Using your AIS Installation Test Set with the AIS Developer Studio Utility Program.

Step 1:
Connect the AITS-R unit to the PC using the supplied RS232 cable.

Step 2:
Run the AIS Developer Studio Program. Select the COM port to be used for the
Product Control Port.

AITS-R Baud Rate = 38400

Step 3:

Select the SSD button

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Step 4:

Enter the desired vessel profile data then update.

Step 5:

Select the VSD button

Step 6:

Enter the desired voyage profile data then update.

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Step 7:

Select the EPFD button

Step 8:

Set the desired sensor profile data and select the output NMEA strings.
Minimise dialog. Do not close, as this will terminate the EPFD generation.

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Step 9: At this point you can save the data in a new ads profile file.

Step 10: Or you can open a previous profile from disk.

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Step 11:

Read the saved current profile from the product.

The Current Profile options are.

Read Memory 1 Downloads the contents of LCD on AITS-R unit


Read Memory 2 the AITS-R memory indicates status of
location to the utility PC operation.
Application
View Profile Data Memory 1 Formats AIS or DSC Dialog
Memory 2 with memory data
Report Memory 1 Creates or Parses Report
Memory 2 or File
Save Own Profile To Saves the Own Profile LCD on AITS-R unit
Memory data created from the indicates status of
VSD,SSD and EPFD operation
strings in the Battery
Backed AITS-R memory.
Clear Memory Clears Battery Backed LCD on AITS-R unit
Memory in AITS-R unit indicates status of
operation

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Step 12:

View the formatted AIS VDM or VDO data.

Step 13:

View the formatted DSC data.

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Step 14:

If you want to parse an HTML file or create a CSV file enter the user data then
choose the html or csv option.

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Step 15:

A default newtemplate.html file is provided as a demonstration.

Example AITS-R Evaluation Report


Template
The following data was obtained using an AITS(R) as an evaluation aid.
The custom html form is created by the user using a large number of
standard html authoring tools. By placing the predefined data
formatting tags in your document you can create a custom survey /
production document. You can use any number of pre-defined tags to
extract and format your document. The following data represents the
evaluations which can be obtained with the aid of AITS(R) device.

Once you have created your document then:

1. Run Developer Studio Program


2. Open your last evaluation file.
3. Using the profile -> report -> sub menu item choose 'parse html'
4. When prompted - OPEN you document.html template.
5. When prompted - SAVE the new file.html with a different name.
6. Open the formatted document with your browser.
7. You can now treat it as any other document on your PC.

General
Name of ship $GENERAL_NAME_OF_SHIP
Call sign $GENERAL_CALL_SIGN
MMSI Number $GENERAL_MMSI_NUMBER
Port of registry $GENERAL_PORT_OF_REGISTRY
IMO number $GENERAL_IMO_NUMBER
Gross tonnage $GENERAL_GROSS_TONNAGE
Date keel laid $GENERAL_DATE_KEEL_LAID

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Installation details
AIS transponder type $INSTALLATION_AIS_TRANSPONDER_TYPE
Type approval certificate $INSTALLATION_TYPE_APPROVAL_CERTIFICATE
Initial installation
$INSTALLATION_INITIAL_INSTALLATION_
configuration report on
CONFIGURATION
board?
Drawings provided? $INSTALLATION_DRAWINGS_PROVIDED
Main source of electrical
$INSTALLATION_MAIN_SOURCE_ELECTRICAL_POWER
power
Emergency source of $INSTALLATION_EMERGENCY_SOURCE_ELECTRICAL_
electrical power POWER
Capacity to be verified if
the AIS is connected to $INSTALLATION_BATTERY_CAPACITY_VERIFIED
a battery
Pilot plug near operating
$INSTALLATION_PILOT_PLUG_OPERATING_POSITION
position?
120V AC provided near
$INSTALLATION_120VAC_PROVIDED_NEAR_PILOT_PLUG
pilot plug?

AIS programming - Static information


MMSI number $STATIC_MMSI_NUMBER
IMO number $STATIC_IMO_NUMBER
Radio call sign $STATIC_RADIO_CALL_SIGN
Name of ship $STATIC_NAME_OF_SHIP
Type of ship $STATIC_TYPE_OF_SHIP
Ship length and beam $STATIC_SHIP_LENGTH_AND_BEAM
Location of GPS antenna $STATIC_LOCATION_OF_GPS_ANTENNA

AIS programming - Dynamic information


Ships position with
$DYNAMIC_SHIPS_POSITION_ACCURACY_INTEGRITY_STA
accuracy and integrity
TUS
status (Source:GNSS)
Time in UTC (Source :
$DYNAMIC_TIME_IN_UTC
GNSS)
Course over ground
(COG) (will fluctuate at
$DYNAMIC_COG
dockside) (Source :
GNSS)
Speed over ground
(SOG) (zero at
$DYNAMIC_SOG
dockside)
(Source:GNSS)
Heading (Source :
$DYNAMIC_HEADING
GNSS)

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Navigational status $DYNAMIC_NAVIGATIONAL_STATUS


Rate of turn, where
$DYNAMIC_ROT
available (ROT)
Angle of heel, pitch and
$DYNAMIC_ANGLE_OF_HEEL_PITCH_ROLL
roll, where available

AIS programming - Voyage related information


Ships draught $VOYAGE_SHIPS_DRAUGHT
Type of cargo $VOYAGE_TYPE_OF_CARGO
Destination and ETA (at
$VOYAGE_DETINATION_AND_ETA
masters discretion)
Route plan (optional) $VOYAGE_ROUTE_PLAN
Short safety - related
$VOYAGE_SHORT_SAFETY_RELATED_MESSAGES
messages

Peformance test using measuring instruments


Frequency
measurements AIS ch.1 $MEASUREMENT_FREQUENCY_AIS1_AIS2_CH70
and 2, GMDSS ch.70
Transmitting output AIS
ch.1 and 2, GMDSS $MEASUREMENT_TRANMITTER_OP_AIS1_AIS2_CH70
ch.70
Polling information ch.70 $MEASUREMENT_POLLING_INFORMATION_CH70
Read data from AIS $MEASUREMENT_READ_AIS_DATA
Send data to AIS $MEASUREMENT_SEND_AIS_DATA
Check AIS responce to
$MEASUREMENT_VIRTUAL_VESSELS
"virtual vessels"
Check AIS error log if
available and access is $MEASUREMENT_AIS_ERROR_LOG
possible
Check operation without
external GPS by
$MEASUREMENT_AIS_OPERATION_INTERNAL_GPS
disconnecting GPS
antenna.

"On Air" performance test


Check reception
$ONAIR_CHECK_RECEPTION_PEFORMANCE
performance
Confirm reception of
own signal from other $ONAIR_CONFIRM_RECEPTION_OWN_OTHER_SHIP
ship / VTS
Polling by VTS / shore
$ONAIR_POLLING_BY_VTS_OR_SHORE_INSTALLATION
installation

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Electromagnetic interference for AIS observed to other installation?


$ELECTROMAGNETIC_INTERFERENCE

Remarks
$REMARKS

The AIS has been tested according to IMO SN/Circ 227 and resolution MSC.74(69)
annex 3
Name of Radio Name of Radio Inspector
Date and place
Inspector Company
$INSPECTOR_NAME $INSPECTOR_DATE_AND_PLACE $INSPECTOR_COMPANY

The UTC Time And Date data extracted from the VHF DATA LINK ( VDL
)evaluation is.
UTC Time Of Survey $USER_VDL_UTC_TIME
UTC Date Of Survey $USER_VDL_UTC_DATE

The POSITIONAL, STATIC and VOYAGE data extracted from the VHF
DATA LINK ( VDL ) evaluation is.
MMSI User ID $USER_VDL_MMSI_USER_ID
IMO Number $USER_VDL_IMO_NUMBER
Call Sign $USER_VDL_CALL_SIGN
Name $USER_VDL_NAME
Destination $USER_VDL_DESTINATION
Navigation Status $USER_VDL_NAVIGATIONAL_STATUS
Longitude $USER_VDL_LONGITUDE
Latitude $USER_VDL_LATITUDE,
Speed Over Ground $USER_VDL_SPEED_OVER_GROUND
Course Over Ground $USER_VDL_COURSE_OVER_GROUND
True Heading $USER_VDL_TRUE_HEADING
Rate Of Turn Sensor $USER_VDL_RATE_OF_TURN_SENSOR
Rate Of Turn AIS $USER_VDL_RATE_OF_TURN_AIS
Position Accuracy $USER_VDL_POSITION_ACCURACY
RAIM Flag $USER_VDL_RAIM_FLAG
Type Of Ship And
Electronic Position Fixing $USER_VDL_TYPE_OF_ELEC_POS_FIX_DEV
Device
Type Of Ship And Cargo $USER_VDL_TYPE_OF_SHIP_CARGO_TYPE
Expected Time Of Arrival $USER_VDL_ETA_TIME
Expected Date Of Arrival $USER_VDL_ETA_DATE
Maximum Present Static $USER_VDL_MAX_PRES_STATIC_DRAUGHT

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Draught
Dimensions And Reference
$USER_VDL_DIM_REF_FOR_POSITION
For Position
Data Terminal Equipment $USER_VDL_DTE
Ais Version Indicator $USER_VDL_AIS_VERSION_INDICATOR
Time Stamp $USER_VDL_TIME_STAMP

The CLASS B CS data extracted from the VHF DATA LINK ( VDL )
evaluation is.
Class B CS Unit $USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_UNIT
Minimum Keyboard and
$USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_MKD
Displayr
Support DSC $USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_DSC
Bandspread $USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_BAND
Support MSG22 $USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_MSG22
Mode $USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_MODE
Vendor Identification $USER_VDL_CLASS_B_CS_VENDOR_ID

The VDL RF in slot power and external antenna evaluation produced


the following result
Slot Average RF Slot Power $USER_VDL_AV_SLOT_RF_POWER
Slot Peak RF Slot Power $USER_VDL_PK_SLOT_RF_POWER
Slot Antenna Return Loss $USER_VDL_SLOT_RETURN_LOSS
Slot Antenna SWR $USER_VDL_SLOT_SWR

The VDL SEARCH AND RESCUE evaluation produced the following


result
Search And Rescue Speed
$USER_VDL_SPEED_OVER_GROUND_SAR
Over Ground
Search And Rescue Altitude $USER_VDL_ALTITUDE_GNSS,

The VDL AIDS TO NAVIGATION evaluation produced the following


result
Type Of Aid To Navigation $USER_VDL_TYPE_OF_AID_TO_NAV
Off Position Indicator $USER_VDL_OFF_POSITION_INDICATOR

The VDL DSC evaluation produced the following result


Format Specifier $USER_DSC_FORMAT_SPECIFIER
Address $USER_DSC_ADDRESS
Category $USER_DSC_CATEGORY
Self Identification $USER_DSC_SELF_IDENTIFICATION

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Message One $USER_DSC_MESSAGE_ONE


Quadrant $USER_DSC_QUADRANT
Longitude $USER_DSC_LONGITUDE
Latitude $USER_DSC_LATITUDE
Time Of Position $USER_DSC_TIME_OF_POSITION
Message Two $USER_DSC_MESSAGE_TWO
Ships Name $USER_DSC_SHIPS_NAME

The UTC data extracted from the PILOT PLUG AND OR PRESENTATION
PORT ( VDO ) evaluation is.
UTC Time Of Survey $USER_VDO_UTC_TIME
UTC Date Of Survey $USER_VDO_UTC_DATE

The POSITIONAL, STATIC and VOYAGE data extracted from the PILOT
PLUG AND OR PRESENTATION PORT ( VDO ) evaluation is.
MMSI User ID $USER_VDO_MMSI_USER_ID
IMO Number $USER_VDO_IMO_NUMBER
Call Sign $USER_VDO_CALL_SIGN
Name $USER_VDO_NAME
Destination $USER_VDO_DESTINATION
Navigation Status $USER_VDO_NAVIGATIONAL_STATUS
Longitude $USER_VDO_LONGITUDE
Latitude $USER_VDO_LATITUDE,
Speed Over Ground $USER_VDO_SPEED_OVER_GROUND
Course Over Ground $USER_VDO_COURSE_OVER_GROUND
True Heading $USER_VDO_TRUE_HEADING
Rate Of Turn Sensor $USER_VDO_RATE_OF_TURN_SENSOR
Rate Of Turn Ais $USER_VDO_RATE_OF_TURN_AIS
Position Accuracy $USER_VDO_POSITION_ACCURACY
RAIM Flag $USER_VDO_RAIM_FLAG
Type Of Ship And Electronic
$USER_VDO_TYPE_OF_ELEC_POS_FIX_DEV
Position Fixing Device
Type Of Ship And Cargo $USER_VDO_TYPE_OF_SHIP_CARGO_TYPE
Expected Time Of Arrival $USER_VDO_ETA_TIME
Expected Date Of Arrival $USER_VDO_ETA_DATE
Maximum Present Static
$USER_VDO_MAX_PRES_STATIC_DRAUGHT
Draught
Dimensions And Reference
$USER_VDO_DIM_REF_FOR_POSITION
For Position
Data Terminal Equipment $USER_VDO_DTE

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Ais Version Indicator $USER_VDO_AIS_VERSION_INDICATOR


Time Stamp $USER_VDO_TIME_STAMP

The CLASS B CS data extracted from the VHF DATA LINK ( VDO )
evaluation is.
Class B CS Unit $USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_UNIT
Minimum Keyboard and
$USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_MKD
Display
Support DSC $USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_DSC
Bandspread $USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_BAND
Support MSG22 $USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_MSG22
Mode $USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_MODE
Vendor Identification $USER_VDO_CLASS_B_CS_VENDOR_ID

END OF DOCUMENT

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Step 16:

Follow the program prompts for HTML.

Step 17:

Or CSV options.

CSV file can be imported into spreadsheet programs.

Example CSV file:

NOS,name of ship
CS,call sign
MMSI,MMSI number
POR,Port of registry
IMO,IMO number
GT,gross tonnage
DKL,date keel laid
ETT,Ais transponder type
TAC,Type approval certificate
IICROB,Initial installation configuration report on board
DP,Drawing provided
MSOEP,Main source of electrical power
ESOEP,Emergency source of electrical power
CTBVIAICTAB,Capacity to be verified if AIS is connected to battery
PPNPOP,Pilot plug near pilots operating position
ACPNPP,120V AC provided near pilot plug
MMSIN,MMSI number,,
IMON,IMO number,,
RCS,Radio call sign,,
NOS,Name of ship,,
TOS,Type of ship,,
SLAB,Ship length and beam,,
LOGA,Location of GPS antenna,,
SPWAAIS,Ships position with accuracy and integrity status,,
TIUTC,Time in UTC,,
COG,Course over ground,,
SOG,Speed over ground,,
HDT,Heading,,
NS,Navigational status,,
ROT,Rate of turn,,

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AOHPAR,angle of heel, pitch and roll, where available


SD,ships draught,,
TOC,Type of cargo,
DETA,Destination and ETA,
RP,Route plan,
SSRM,Short safety-related message,
FM,Frequency measurements AIS ch.1 and AIS ch2, GMDSS ch 70
TO,Transmitting output AIS ch.1 and AIS ch2, GMDSS ch 70
PI,Polling information ch 70,
RDFA,Read data from AIS,
SDTA,Send data to AIS,
CARTVV,check AIS responce to virtual vessels,
ELOG,check AIS error log,
AOIGPS,check AIS operation without external GPS,
CRP,check reception performance,
CROOS,Confirm reception of own signal from other ship / VTS,
PBVTS,Polling by VTS / shore installation,
EMI,interference,
REM,remarks
NORI,Name of radio inspector
DAP,date and place
NORIC,Name of radio inspector company
VDL MMSI User ID,0
VDL IMO number,0
VDL Call sign,
VDL Name,
VDL Destination,
VDL Navigational status,Under Way Using Engines
VDL Longitude,000*00.0000'E
VDL Latitude,00*00.0000'N
VDL Speed Over Ground,000.0k
VDL Speed Over Ground - Search And Rescue,0000k
VDL Course Over Ground,000.0*
VDL Rate of turn - Sensor,000*/min
VDL Rate of turn - Ais,0,,,
VDL Position accuracy,LO,,,
VDL Altitude (GNSS),0000m,,,
VDL True Heading,000*,,,
VDL RAIM-Flag,Flag Off,,,
VDL TypeElecPosFixDev,Undefined - Default,,,
VDL TypeOfShipCargoType,0,,,
VDL UTC Time,0:00:00,,,
VDL UTC Date,00-00-0000,,,
VDL ETA Time,0:00,,,
VDL ETA Date,00-00,,,
VDL MaxPresStaticDraught,00.0m,,,
VDL DimRefForPosition,A=000,B=000,C=00,D=00
VDL Extended Name,,,,
VDL TypeOfAtoN,0 = not available = default,,,
VDL OffPositionIndicator,on position,,,
VDL DTE,available
VDL AIS Version Ind,ITU-R M1371-1
VDL Time stamp,0
VDL Persons On Board,0
VDL Regional Apps,0

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VDL Class B CS Unit,0


VDL Class B CS MKD,0
VDL Class B CS DSC,0
VDL Class B CS Band,0
VDL Class B CS MSG22,0
VDL Class B CS Mode,0
VDL Class B CS Vendor ID,00 - 00 - 00 - 00 - 00
VDL Slot Av Rf power W ,0
VDL Slot Pk Rf power W ,0
VDL Slot Return Loss dB ,0
VDL Slot SWR ,0.00:1
VDO MMSI User ID,0
VDO IMO number,0
VDO Call sign,
VDO Name,
VDO Destination,
VDO Navigational status,Under Way Using Engines
VDO Longitude,000*00.0000'E
VDO Latitude,00*00.0000'N
VDO Speed Over Ground,000.0k
VDO Speed Over Ground - Search And Rescue,0000k
VDO Course Over Ground,000.0*
VDO Rate of turn - Sensor,000*/min
VDO Rate of turn - Ais,0
VDO Position accuracy,LO
VDO Altitude (GNSS),0000m
VDO True Heading,000*
VDO RAIM-Flag,Flag Off,,,
VDO TypeElecPosFixDev,Undefined - Default,,,
VDO TypeOfShipCargoType,0,,,
VDO UTC Time,0:00:00,,,
VDO UTC Date,00-00-0000,,,
VDO ETA Date,0:00,,,
VDO ETA Date,00-00,,,
VDO MaxPresStaticDraught,00.0m,,,
VDO DimRefForPosition,A=000,B=000,C=00,D=00
VDO Extended Name,,,,
VDO TypeOfAtoN,0 = not available = default,,,
VDO OffPositionIndicator,on position,,,
VDO DTE,available,,,
VDO AIS Version Ind,ITU-R M1371-1,,,
VDO Time stamp,0,,,
VDO Persons On Board,0,,,
VDO Regional Apps,0
VDO Class B CS Unit,0
VDO Class B CS MKD,0
VDO Class B CS DSC,0
VDO Class B CS Band,0
VDO Class B CS MSG22,0
VDO Class B CS Mode,0
VDO Class B CS Vendor ID,00 - 00 - 00 - 00 - 00
VDO Slot Av Rf power W ,0
VDO Slot Pk Rf power W ,0
VDO Slot Return Loss dB ,0
VDO Slot SWR ,0.00:1

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DSC_Format Specifier,0
DSC_Address,0
DSC_Category,0
DSC_Self Identification,0
DSC_Message 1,0
DSC_Quadrant,NE
DSC_Longitude,00*00.0000'
DSC_Latitude,000*00.0000'
DSC_Time Of Position,0:00:00
DSC_Message 2,0
DSC_Message 2,

Evaluating the Presentation VDM and VDO output strings

Should you wish to evaluate the VDM and or VDO strings that are output by the EUT or
AITS-R unit then the Graphic Display or terminal option of the AIS Developer Studio will
prove helpful.

Connect a second RS232 cable between the EUT Presentation Port and the second
com port on the PC.
Set the EUT com port in the AIS Developer Studio Program.

NMEA RXD Terminal option

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Upgrades

As and when new generic options are added the upgrades will be available free of
charge. Keep your dongle in a safe place, as it is required for software upgrading.

PROFILE TABLE

What evaluation data is available to the user?


What data is contained in a profile?

AITS-R DATA ITU-R M.1371-1


UserIdentificatn User ID MMSI number
ImoNumber IMO number 1 - 999999999
CallSgn Call sign 7 x 6 bit ASCII characters.
Name Name Max 20 characters 6 bit ASCII
Destina Destination Max 20 characters 6 bit ASCII
NavigationStatus Navigational 0 = under way using engine
status 1 = at anchor
2 = not under command
3 = restricted manoeuvrability
4 = Constrained by draught
5= Moored
6 = Aground
7 = Engaged in Fishing
8 = Under way sailing
9 = reserved
10 = reserved
11 - 14 = reserved
15 = not defined
Longitude Longitude Longitude in 1/10 000 min
Latitude Latitude Latitude in 1/10 000 min
SpeedOverGround SOG Speed over ground in 1/10 knot steps (0-102.2
knots)
SpeedOverGround S&R SOG (SAR) Speed over ground in knot steps (0-1022
knots)
CourseOverGround COG Course over ground in 1/10 ( 0-3599).
3600 = not available
RateOfTurn Rate of + 720 = turning right at 720 degrees per minute
turnROTAIS or higher;
- 720 = turning left at 720 degrees per minute
or higher
PositionAccuracy Position 1 = high < 10 m
accuracy 0 = low > 10 m
S&R Altitude Altitude Altitude (derived from GNSS) expressed in
(GNSS) metres (0 - 4094 metres)
4095 = not available
TrueHeading True Heading Degrees (0-359)
511 indicates not available

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RaimFlag RAIM-Flag RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity


Monitoring) flag of Electronic Position Fixing
Device
0 = RAIM not in use
1 = RAIM in use
ElecPosFixDevice TypeElecPos 0 = Undefined (default)
FixDev 1 = GPS
2 = GLONASS
3 = Combined GPS/GLONASS
4 = Loran-C
5 = Chayka
6 = Integrated NavSystem
7 = surveyed
8 - 15 = not used
TypeOfShip&Cargo TypeOfShipC 0 = not available or no ship
argoType 1 - 99 = as defined.
100 - 199 = preserved, for regional
200 - 255 = preserved, for future
Utc UTC UTC year 1 9999
UTC month 1 12
UTC day 1 31
UTC hour 0 23
UTC minute 0 - 59
UTC second 0 - 59
ExpectedTmeOfArv ETA Estimated Time of Arrival MMDDHHMM UTC
MaxPreStaDraught MaxPresStati Max 25.5 in 1/10 m,
cDraught 0 = not available
TypeOfAidToNav Type of Aids- 0 = not available = default
to-Navigation 1 - 15 = Fixed Aid2Navigation
16 31 = Floating Aid2Navigation
OffPosiIndicator Off-Position Floating Aids-to-Navigation only
Indicator 0 = on position, 1 = off position
DataTermEqupmnt DTE Data terminal ready
0 = available 1 = not available
AisVersionIndctr AIS Version 0 = Station compliant with AIS
Ind Edition 0 ITU-R M.1371
1 - 3 = Station compliant with future AIS
Editions 1, 2, and 3.
TimeStamp Time stamp UTC second when the report was generated
0-59
Class B CS Data UNIT
MKD
DSC
BAND
MSG22
MODE
Vendor ID

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Slot Rf Power Forward Rf power in a TDMA slot


Slot Return Loss Return Loss
Slot SWR Normalised Antenna SWR
DSC DATA returned by the EUT according to
IEC 61993-2 Standard Signal 1 interrogation / in ITU-R M 825-3 format
Address
Category
Self Identification
Message Content 1
Quadrant
Latitude
Longitude
Time Of Position
Message Content 2
Name

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Design Reference Documents: List of standards, specifications and research material.

Document Number Title


IEC 61162-1 Maritime Navigation and Radio Communication Equipment and
Systems - Digital Interfaces: Part 1 - Single Talker and Multiple
Listeners.
IEC 61162-2 Maritime Navigation and Radio Communication Equipment and
Systems - Digital Interfaces: Part 2 - Single Talker and Multiple
Listeners High Speed Transmission.
IEC 61993-2 Universal Ship borne Automatic Identification System (AIS).
ITU-R M.1084-3 Interim solutions for improved efficiency in the use of Band 156-174
MHZ by stations in the Maritime Mobile Service (draft for revision 4).
ITU-R M.1371 Technical characteristics for a universal ship-borne automatic
identification system using time division multiple access in the
maritime mobile band.
ITU-R M.493 Digital Selective Calling (DSC) system for use in the Maritime Mobile
Service.
ITU-R M.825-3 Characteristics of a Transponder system using DSC techniques for
use with vessel traffic services and ship-to-ship identification.
IEC-62287-1 Draft IEC 62287 Class B AIS
EN50081-1 EMC
EN50082-1 EMC
EN55022 class B Radiated interference field strength
EN61000-4-2 Electrostatic discharge
EN61000-4-3 Radiated frequency electromagnetic field 80Mhz to 1000Mhz
IMO SN/Circ.227 6 January Guidelines For The Installation Of A Shipborne Automatic
2003 Identification System (AIS)
IMO/IALA Seminar on AIS The onboard installation of Automatic Identification System (AIS)
Session No: 3 Paper No: 2
Annex 17 - Automatic MCA Crown Copyright
Identification Systems (AIS)
ANNEX 20 Inspection and MCA Crown Copyright
Survey Of Navigational
Equipment
American Bureau Of Process Instruction Check sheet On SOLAS Surveys-SLR/GMDSS
Shipping
Guidelines for Survey of China classification society CCS Document Chapter 5
AIS
Harmonizing Current Guide Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings. (PTY) LTD.
Lines For AIS Installation
and Surveys
IMO resolution MSC.74(69) Recommendation On Performance For An Universal Shipborne
annex 3 Automatic Identification System (AIS)
AITS-R/O/PVP/R1.1. (Sine AITS-R Operational Performance Verification Procedure
Qua Non Document)
AITS-R/H/APVP/R1.1. (Sine AITS-R Hardware Alignment and Performance Verification Procedure
Qua Non Document)
IALA Recommendation A- The Use of the Automatic Identification System (AIS) in Marine Aids
126 to Navigation Edition 1 December 2003
IEC 62320-1 (CDV) Maritime Navigation And Radio communication Equipment And
Systems-
Automatic Identification System - AIS Base Stations - Minimum
Operational And Performance Requirements - Methods Of Test And
Required Test Results

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IEC 62320-2 (CDV) Maritime navigation and radio communication equipment and
systems
Automatic identification system (AIS) Part 2: AIS AtoN stations
Minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of
testing and required test results Introductory
MSC.1/Circ.1252 22 Guidelines On Annual Testing Of The Automatic Identification
October 2007 System (AIS)

NB: No Frequency measurement is done by this unit.


Operational evaluation is done on fixed frequency AIS1, AIS2 and
channel 70 only.

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QUALITY CONTROL DOCUMENTS AND CERTIFICATES

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Upgrade Re - Flash Procedure Requires Supplied Dongle

The upgrade program must be flashed to the Product with the FLASH.EXE application.
The following procedure details how to flash the upgrade to the Product.

RED indicates user action.


BLUE indicates general information. Please read the whole document before
commencing.
Make sure Product is switched off then connect supplied Product dongle to Product 9
Pin D Type Socket. Connect the supplied RS232 cable between the dongle and your PC
comport.

1) Connect Power then Switch the unit on.

2) Run the Flash.exe application.

3) In the Select Program window select the required RS232 port.

4) In the File Path - ID Check window enter the path and filename and ID of the

upgrade nnnnnnnn.mot file OR you can use the Browse button to find the upgrade.
This will also automatically find the ID file. Then Click OK.

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5) The Flash window will then appear.

6) Click the Setting button and set the baud rate to 57600. Click OK.

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7) Click the Erase button then OK to erase the current contents of the Flash
memory.

8) Click the Program button to download the program to the TBS unit.

9) After pressing this button an Input Address window will appear. Click OK.

10) A Program dialog will appear Click OK.

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11) Wait whilst the unit programs.

12) Wait until the program indicates Program OK.

13) Click OK Button.

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14) Click Exit Button

15) Wait until window disappears.

16) Switch Product off.

17) Remove Dongle.

18) Switch Product on.

19) Check that Program Version Number is upgraded and that the generic Serial
Number is displayed correctly.

20) Reconfigure your own profile using the AIS Developer Studio utility.

Tips:

Contained in the file are all the correct addresss required by the flash programmer.
The only information that the user must input is where to find the mot file, correct ID and
baud rate. The ID file will be supplied with the upgrade.

By using the browse button to find the mot file in step 4 above the ID will automatically
be set up when you open the aits/aitsr/aitsm/tbs.mot file provided the
aits/aitsr/aitsm/tbs.id file is in the same directory as the aits/aitsr/aitsm/tbs .mot file.

Should you have any trouble upgrading your unit please email us with a step-by-step log
of the above process and at which point it fails.

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Warranty

Conditional Warranty

Sine Qua Non Technology Holdings, (SQNTH) has designed and constructed this
equipment with high quality components and material. All products are soak tested for
48 hours and then inspected before leaving the factory. All SQNTH products are
warranted for one year from the date of purchase by the end user, to be free from
component and manufacturing defects under normal intended use. Battery Products are
covered by warranty for 90 days under the same terms.

The following are not covered.


Damage resulting from a collision with any object, Acts of God, water, sand, dirt,
exposure to weather conditions, battery leakage, theft, misuse, abuse, improper use of
electrical source and or battery chargers, appearance items, antennas, jacks, sockets,
switches and cables do not form part of the conditional warranty. This warranty does not
include the cost to remove or acquire the product or accessory in any form.

Software
Where software discrepancies are identified and or operational bugs are found. These
should immediately be brought to the attention of SQNTH. The warranty is limited to the
rectification of the discrepancy or bug by software upgrade, and should not exceed the
original operational and technical specification as defined in the Operational and
Technical Manual for each product.

Void
The warranty shall be void if there is evidence of mis-use, abuse, alteration, incorrect
installation, attempts to reverse engineer, or unauthorized repairs. SQNTH assumes no
liability for any consequential or 3rd party damage caused by the installation, use, or mis-
use of this equipment to any persons, entities or other components.

Warranty Approval

Upon approval by SQNTH the warranty repair covers all materials and labor, but does
not include any freight, customs brokerage or other handling charges that may be
incurred to deliver and return the defective item to the factory
The warranty is limited to and at SQNTHs sole discretion to repair, or replace with a
new or reconditioned unit, within the warranty period any unit returned, freight prepaid,
to the factory.
This warranty is in lieu of all warranties, expressed or implied, including any warranty of
merchantability or fitness, and of all other obligations or liabilities on the part of the
seller.

SQNTH reserves the right to make changes, additions, or improvements in software and
design to its equipment without obligation to install such additions or improvements in
equipment theretofore manufactured. However where software upgrades are available
they will be posted on our Internet site and will be free of charge.

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Return Materials Authorization

A return materials authorization (RMA) Number is required for all returns to the factory.
All equipment returned to the factory must be shipped prepaid. Mark all packages and
documents SOUTH AFRICAN MANUFACTURED EQUIPMENT RETURNED FOR
REPAIR and include the RMA number.

Post Warranty Guidelines

A return factory flat rate repair service will be provided after the 1-year period.

Revision 20091202 : Corrected Class B msg 24

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